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Airport Adelaide (Australia) - International

Adelaide Airport
Airport type Public
Operator Adelaide Airport Limited
Serves Adelaide
Location West Beach, South Australia
Hub for Qantas
Regional Express Airlines
Focus city for Virgin Australia
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 345642S 1383150E / 34.94500S 138.53056E / -34.94500; 138.53056Coordinates: 345642S 1383150E / 34.94500S 138.53056E / -34.94500; 138.53056
Website www.aal.com.au
Location in South Australia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,100 10,171 Asphalt
12/30 1,652 5,420 Asphalt
Statistics (2012/13)
Passengers 7,066,895
Movements 98,953
Sources: Department of Infrastructure and Transport[1]

Adelaide Airport (IATA: ADLICAO: YPAD) is the principal airport of Adelaide, South Australia and the fifth busiest airport in Australia, servicing 7,066,895 passengers in the year ending 31 December 2012.[1] Located adjacent to West Beach, it is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city-centre. It has been operated privately by Adelaide Airport Limited under a long-term lease from the Commonwealth Government since 29 May 1998.[2]:p 25

First established in 1955, a new dual international/domestic terminal was opened in 2005 which has received numerous awards, including being named the world's second-best international airport (515 million passengers) in 2006.[3] Also, it has been named Australia's best capital city airport in 2006, 2009 and 2011.[4]

In the year ended December 2012, Adelaide Airport experienced passenger growth of 11.49% internationally, a decline of 0.65% domestically and an increase of 1.37% regionally, resulting in an overall increase of 0.65% from the previous year.[1]


History [edit]

The first Adelaide airport was an aerodrome constructed in 1921 on 24 ha (59 acres) of land in Hendon. The small facility allowed for a mail service between Adelaide and Sydney. To meet the substantial growth in aviation, Parafield Airport was developed in 1927. By 1947, the demand on aviation had outgrown Parafield and the current site of Adelaide Airport was selected at West Torrens (now West Beach). Construction began and flights commenced in 1954.

An annexe to one of the large hangars at the airport served as a passenger terminal until the Commonwealth Government provided funds for the construction of a temporary building.[5] International services became regular from 1982 upon the construction of an international terminal. A new dual-use $260 million facility replaced both the original 'temporary' domestic and international terminals in 2005. Many[who?] have said the new terminal is grossly overbuilt, while others[who?] suggest it is well placed to capture future growth.

In October 2006, the new terminal was named the Capital City Airport of the Year at the Australian Aviation Industry Awards in Cairns.[6] In March 2007, Adelaide Airport was rated the world's second best airport in the 515 million passengers category at the Airports Council International (ACI) 2006 awards in Dubai.[7]

Plans were announced for an expansion of the terminal in July 2007, including more aerobridges and demolition of the old International Terminal.[8]

On 5 August 2008 Tiger Airways Australia confirmed that Adelaide Airport would become the airline's second hub which would base two of the airline's Airbus A320s by early 2009.[9] On 29 October 2009 Tiger announced it would be housing its third A320 at Adelaide Airport from early 2010.[10] Tiger Airways has since shut down its Adelaide base.[11]

The airport encountered major problems during the eruption of Puyehue volcano in Chile, the ash cloud caused flights to be cancelled nationwide, with over 40,000 passengers being left stranded in Adelaide.

Old Adelaide International Airport [edit]

The old international terminal had only one terminal with limited stores for passengers. Check in desks were much smaller opposed to now and waiting space was also more limited. Now, it is going to be demolished once the taxi's have been moved to the other end of the new plaza being built, which will make the area more secure and allowing aircraft to park on the other side of the terminal.

Terminal building [edit]

The airport was redeveloped in 2005 at a cost of $260 million. The redevelopment was managed by builders Hansen Yuncken. Before the redevelopment, the old airport terminal was criticised for its limited capacity and lack of aerobridges.

Proposals were developed for an attempt for an upgraded terminal of world standard. The final proposal, released in 1997, called for a large, unified terminal in which both domestic and international flights would use the same terminal. A combination of factors, the most notable of which was the collapse of Ansett Australia, then a duopoly domestic carrier with Qantas, and the resultant loss of funds for its share of the construction cost, saw the new terminal plans shelved until an agreement was reached in 2002.

The new terminal was opened on 7 October 2005 by the Prime Minister John Howard and South Australian Premier Mike Rann. However, Adelaide Airport Limited announced soon afterward that only international flights would use the new facility immediately due to problems with the fuel pumps and underground pipes. These problems related initially to the anti-rusting agent applied to the insides of the fuel pumps, then to construction debris in the pipes. Although international and regional (from December 2005) aircraft were refuelled via tankers, a lack of space and safety concerns prevented this action for domestic jet aircraft, which instead continued operations at the old terminal. The re-fueling system was cleared of all debris and the new terminal was used for all flights from 17 February 2006.[12]

The new airport terminal is approximately 850 m (2,790 ft) end to end and is capable of handling 27 aircraft, including the Airbus A380, simultaneously and processing 3,000 passengers per hour. It includes high amenity public and airline lounges, 14 glass-sided aerobridges, 42 common user check-in desks and 34 shop fronts. Free wireless Internet is also provided throughout the terminal by Internode Systems, a first for an Australian airport.[13]

The first Qantas A380, VH-OQA "Nancy Bird Walton", made a historic landing at the airport on 27 September 2008, enthralling several thousand spectators who had gathered to catch a glimpse of the giant aircraft. This was a 25 minute pitstop before it flew on to Melbourne. This was one of several visits the airliner made as part of a pilot training and testing program.

Recent Development [edit]

As of 2011 a series of developments are either underway, approved or proposed for Adelaide Airport. In February 2011 a A$100 million building program was launched as part of a five year master plan. The developments which have been made public (whether part of the building plan or not) are listed below:

  • New airport road network (set to improve traffic flow)
  • New multi-storey car park (will increase short term parking spaces from 8002,000)
  • New passenger terminal plaza frontage
  • Walkway bridge connecting new car park and existing terminal building
  • Terminal concourse extension
  • Three new aerobridges
  • Terminal commercial projects and passenger facilities
  • Relocation of regional carrier Rex
  • Relocation of old transportable charter aircraft operators' terminal
  • New control tower (twice the height of current tower, will cost A$16.9 million)
  • Increasing the amount of international airlines serving airport (are apparently looking into: China Southern Airlines, Thai Airways International, Garuda Indonesia, Vietnam Airlines, AirAsia X, Scoot, Etihad Airways, Qatar Airways as well as some United States operators)[citation needed]
  • Adelaide Airport Hotel (37 m (121 ft) tall, nine levels)

The new control tower opened in early 2012. The multi-storey car park was completed on the 6th of August 2012 with spaces for 1650 cars.[14] The plaza frontage and walkway bridge were completed in March 2013.

Airlines and destinations [edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air New Zealand Auckland
Air South Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln
Alliance Airlines Coober Pedy, Olympic Dam, Port Augusta, Prominent Hill, The Granites
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong1
Cobham Ballera, Moomba
Corporate Aircraft Charter Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln
Dick Lang's Desert-Air Charter: Lake Eyre
Emirates Dubai
Jetstar Airways Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
KJM Air Operations Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
Pel-Air Jacinth-Ambrosia Mine
Qantas Alice Springs, Brisbane, Canberra, Darwin, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
QantasLink operated by Alliance Airlines Olympic Dam
Qantas operated by QantasLink Canberra, Melbourne, Port Lincoln
QantasLink operated by Cobham Kalgoorlie
Regional Express Airlines Broken Hill, Ceduna, Coober Pedy, Kingscote, Mildura, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln, Whyalla
Rossair Charter: Kingscote, Mount Gambier, Port Lincoln
Sharp Airlines Port Augusta, Portland
Mining Charter: Beverley Uranium Mine, Honeymoon Uranium Mine, Leigh Creek, Moomba, Prominent Hill
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Tiger Airways Australia Melbourne
Virgin Australia Brisbane, Canberra, Denpasar-Bali, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
Seasonal: Broome
  • ^1 These flights may make an intermediate stop en route to their listed final destination; however the airlines have no traffic rights to carry passengers solely between Adelaide and the intermediate Australian stop.
Cargo [edit]
Airlines Destinations
Air New Zealand Cargo Auckland
Australian air Express operated by Cobham Melbourne, Sydney
Qantas Freight Sydney, Singapore
Toll Priority operated by Pel-Air and Toll Aviation Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, Canberra
Toll Priority Melbourne, Sydney

Operations and statistics [edit]

Domestic [edit]
Busiest domestic routes out of Adelaide Airport (YE December 2012)[15]
Rank Airport Passengers  % Change Carriers
1  Victoria, Melbourne 2,085,200 4.6 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, QantasLink, Tiger Airways Australia, Virgin Australia
2  New South Wales, Sydney 1,751,200 1.7 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
3  Queensland, Brisbane 729,200 7.3 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
4  Western Australia, Perth 621,700 4.9 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia
5  South Australia, Port Lincoln 196,000 0.8 Air South, Corporate Aircraft Charter, KJM Air Operations, QantasLink, Regional Express Airlines, Rossair
6  Queensland, Gold Coast 181,600 0.2 Jetstar Airways, Virgin Australia
7  Australian Capital Territory, Canberra 174,900 5.6 Qantas, QantasLink, Virgin Australia
International [edit]
Busiest International Routes out of Adelaide Airport (YE December 2012)[16]
Rank Airport Passengers  % Change Carriers
1  Singapore, Singapore 279,729 10.9 Qantas, Singapore Airlines
2  Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 137,210 4.4 Malaysia Airlines
3  Hong Kong, China, Hong Kong 78,351 2.8 Cathay Pacific
4  New Zealand, Auckland 70,921 5.5 Air New Zealand
5  Indonesia, Denpasar 67,565 38.3 Virgin Australia
6  United Arab Emirates, Dubai 9,7421 new Emirates
  • ^1 Flights began 1 November 2012, Data only available for December 2012.
Cargo [edit]
Busiest international freight routes into and out of Adelaide Airport
(YE June 2011)[17]
Rank Airport Tonnes  % Change
1  Singapore, Singapore 10,995.7 10.8
2  Hong Kong, China, Hong Kong 3,413.2 8.8
3  Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 2,984.4 1.9
4  New Zealand, Auckland 449.4 11.8

Ground transport [edit]

Adelaide Metro operates several JetBus buses connecting the airport to various locations in Adelaide. Skylink Adelaide[18] also operates a shuttle bus from the airport to central Adelaide. In the latest master plan there is a proposed light rail for the near future.

See also [edit]

References [edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Monthly Airport Traffic Data for top twenty airports: January 2009 to current". Department of Infrastructure and Transport. April 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2013.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  2. ^ "Air passenger movements through capital city airports to 2025-26" (PDF). Working Paper 72. Canberra: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Adelaide Airport: T1". Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  4. ^ "Adelaide names Australia's best airport again". 
  5. ^ "History: 1927-2005". Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  6. ^ "China Aviation News:Adelaide Airport Rated No. 1 in Australia". En.carnoc.com. 18 October 2006. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Adelaide Airport Wins International Praise". En.carnoc.com. 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Innes, Stuart (12 July 2007). "Adelaide Airport boost". The Advertiser. Retrieved 13 July 2007. 
  9. ^ "Tiger sets up second home in Adelaide". Fairfax Digital (Melbourne: The Age). 5 August 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2008. 
  10. ^ Innes, Stuart (29 October 2009). "Tiger Airways base in Adelaide to grow by 50 per cent". The Advertiser (News Limited). 
  11. ^ "Tiger Airways future Aust look under wraps". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 August 2011. 
  12. ^ "Passengers urged to be patient as new SA terminal opens". Australia: ABC News. 17 February 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  13. ^ Denise Murray (31 October 2005). "Weaving wireless magic". CRN. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  14. ^ http://www.adelaideairport.com.au/air-travel/to-and-from/parking
  15. ^ "Domestic aviation activity December 2012". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). May 2012. Retrieved 16 March 20123.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  16. ^ "International Airline Activity - Monthly Publications". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  17. ^ "Australian International Airline Activity 2011". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). June 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  18. ^ "Skylink Adelaide". Skylink Adelaide. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 

External links [edit]

This article based on this article: Adelaide_International_Airportexternal Link from the free encyclopedia Wikipediaexternal Link and work with the GNU Free Documentation License. In Wikipedia is this list of the authorsexternal Link.