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Airport Amsterdam (Netherland) - Schiphol

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
Luchthaven Schiphol
Schiphol's Entrance
IATA: AMS ICAO: EHAM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Schiphol Group
Operator Schiphol Group
Serves Amsterdam
Location Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands
Hub for
Elevation AMSL -11 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 52°1829N 004°4551E / 52.30806°N 4.76417°E / 52.30806; 4.76417Coordinates: 52°1829N 004°4551E / 52.30806°N 4.76417°E / 52.30806; 4.76417
Website www.schiphol.com
Map
AMS
Location within Greater Amsterdam
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18R/36L 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
06/24 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
09/27 3,453 11,329 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,400 11,155 Asphalt
18C/36C 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
04/22 2,014 6,608 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 51,035,590
Freight (tonnes) 1,483,448
Aircraft movements 423,407
Sources: Schiphol Group[2] and AIP[3]

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol, Dutch pronunciation: [lxtav(n) sxpl]) (IATA: AMSICAO: EHAM) is the Netherlands' main international airport, located 20 minutes (4.9 NM (9.1 km; 5.6 mi)[3]) southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer. The airport's official English name, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, reflects the original Dutch word order (Luchthaven Schiphol). The airport used to have the IATA code of SPL, which has fallen into disuse and has been replaced by AMS.[when?]

The airport is the primary hub for KLM as well as for Arkefly, Corendon Dutch Airlines, Martinair and Transavia. The airport also serves as a European hub for Delta Air Lines and as a base for Vueling. Schiphol is considered to be an Airport City.

Contents

Description

Schiphol is an important European airport, ranking as Europes 4th busiest and the world's 16th busiest by total passenger traffic in 2012 (14th in 2011). It also ranks as the worlds 5th busiest by international passenger traffic and the worlds 17th largest for cargo tonnage.

49.8 million passengers passed through the airport in 2011, a 10% increase compared with 2010.[2]

Schiphol's main competitors in terms of passenger traffic and cargo throughput are London Heathrow Airport, Frankfurt Airport, Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and Madrid-Barajas Airport.

In 2010, 65.9% of passengers using the airport flew to and from Europe, 11.7% to and from North America and 8.8% to and from Asia; cargo volume was mainly between Schiphol and Asia (45%) and North America (17%).[4]

In 2010, 106 carriers provided a total of 301 destinations on a regular basis. Passenger destinations were offered by 91 airlines. Direct (non-stop) destinations grew by 9 to 274. Regular destinations serviced exclusively by full freighters (non-passenger) grew with 8 to a total of 27.[5]

Schiphol has six runways, one of which is used mainly by general aviation aircraft. The northern end of the Polderbaan, the name of the last runway to be constructed, is 7 km (4.3 mi) north of the control tower, causing lengthy taxi times (up to 20 min) to the terminal.[6] Plans have been made for a seventh runway.[citation needed]

The airport is built as one large terminal (single terminal concept), split into three large departure halls, which converge again once airside. The most recent of these was completed in 1994, and expanded in 2007 with a new part, named Terminal 4, although this part is not recognised as a separate building. Plans for further terminal expansion exist, including the construction of a separate new terminal between the Zwanenburgbaan and Polderbaan runways that would end the one-terminal concept.

Because of intense traffic and high landing fees, some low cost carriers decided to move their flights to smaller airports, such as Rotterdam The Hague Airport and Eindhoven Airport. Many low cost carriers like EasyJet continue to operate from Schiphol, using the low-cost H-pier.

Schiphol is the home base of Arkefly, Corendon Dutch Airlines, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines), Martinair and Transavia. Schiphol was the home base of Amsterdam Airlines, which ceased operations on 31 October 2011

The Schiphol Air traffic control tower, with a height of 101 m (331 ft), was the tallest in the world when constructed in 1991.[citation needed] Schiphol is geographically one of the world's lowest major commercial airports. The entire airport is below sea level; the lowest point sits at 11 ft (3.4 m) below sea level (or 4.5 ft (1.4 m) below the Dutch Normaal Amsterdams Peil (NAP)); the runways are around 3 m (9.8 ft) below NAP.[7][8]

Schiphol is equipped with 18 double jetway gates in preparation for airlines introducing the Airbus A380. Emirates was the first airline to the A380 to Schiphol in August 2012, deploying the aircraft on its daily Dubai-Amsterdam service.[9]

Infrastructure

Schiphol has large shopping areas as a source of revenue and as an additional attraction for passengers. Schiphol Plaza is the shopping centre before customs, hence it is used by air travelers and non-traveling visitors.

The Rijksmuseum operates an annex at the airport, offering a small overview of both classical and contemporary art.[10] Admission to the exhibits is free.

In summer 2010, the world's first permanent airport library opened alongside the museum, providing passengers access to a collection of 1,200 books (translated into 29 languages) by Dutch authors or on subjects relating to the countrys history and culture. The 968 sq ft (89.9 m2) library offers e-books and music by Dutch artists and composers that can be downloaded free of charge to a laptop or mobile device.[11]

Schiphol has its own mortuary, where the dead can be handled and kept before departure or after arrival. Since October 2006, people can also get married at Schiphol.[12]

For aviation enthusiasts, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has a large rooftop viewing area, called the Panoramaterras. It is not accessible to connecting passengers unless they first exit the airport. Enthusiasts and the public can enter, free of charge, from the airport's landside. Since June 2011, it is the location for a KLM Cityhopper Fokker 100, modified to be a viewing exhibit.[13] Besides the Panoramaterras, Schiphol has other spotting sites, especially along the newest Polderbaan runway and at the McDonald's restaurant at the north side of the airport.

In 1967, Dutch designer Benno Wissing created a signage for Schiphol Airport renowned for its lucid typography and rigorous color-coding; to avoid confusion, he banned any other signage in his chosen shades of yellow and green.[14] A new wayfinding signage at Schiphol was designed in 1991 by Paul Mijksenaar.[15]

History

Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase, with a few barracks and a field serving as platform and runways. When civil aircraft started to use the field (17 December 1920) it was often called Schiphol-les-bains. The Fokker aircraft manufacturer started a factory near Schiphol airport in 1919.[16]

By 1940 Schiphol had four asphalt runways at 45-degree angles, all 1020 meters or less. One was extended to become today's runway 4/22; two others crossed that runway at 52°1843N 4°4800E / 52.312°N 4.800°E / 52.312; 4.800.

Schiphol's name is derived from a former fortification named Fort Schiphol which was part of the Stelling van Amsterdam defence works.[17] Before 1852, the Haarlemmermeer polder in which the airport lies was a large lake, in the shallow waters of which sudden violent storms could claim many ships. This was the main reason for reclaiming it. In English, Schiphol translates to 'Ship Grave', a reference to the number of ships lost in the area.

Terminal

Layout[18]

Schiphol uses a one terminal concept, where all facilities are located under a single roof, fanning off the central 'plaza'. The areas, though, are divided into three sections or halls: 1, 2 and 3. To all of these halls, piers or concourses are connected. However, it is possible, on both sides of security or customs, to walk from one pier to another, even if they are connected to different halls. The exception to this is the low-cost pier M: once airside (i.e. past security), passengers cannot go to any of the other halls or piers. Immigration control separates Schengen from non-Schengen Areas. Schiphol Airport has approximately 165 boarding gates available.

Departure Hall 1
  • Consists of Piers B and C both of which are dedicated Schengen areas. Pier B has 14 gates, while Pier C has 21 gates.
Departure Hall 2
  • Consists of Piers D and E.
    • Pier D is the largest pier and has two floor levels. The lower floor is used for non-Schengen flights, the upper floor is used for Schengen flights. By using stairs, the same jetways are used to access the aircraft. Schengen gates are numbered D-59 and up, non-Schengen gates are numbered from D-1 to D-57.
    • Pier E is a dedicated non-Schengen area. It has 14 gates.
Departure Hall 3
  • Consists of F, G, H and M. Pier F has 8 gates. Pier G has 13 gates and is the only terminal that handles daily Airbus A380 service, by Emirates. Piers H and M have 7 gates each.
    • Piers F, G and H are non-Schengen areas.
    • Piers M is a dedicated Schengen area.
    • Piers H and M are the low-cost piers.

Note: The airlines and destinations listed are not definite since very few airlines have a dedicated pier or gates; the piers listed below are based on regularity.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations Pier
Adria Airways Ljubljana B
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin D
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo D, G
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Tangier D, G
Air Astana Atyrau D, E
Air Cairo Charter: Cairo
Air Europa Madrid C
Air France Marseille, Paris-Charles de Gaulle C
Air France
operated by HOP!
Nantes, Strasbourg C
Air Malta Malta B
Air Transat Seasonal: Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver G
AirBaltic Riga B
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino B
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Florence B
Arkefly Antalya, Aruba, Banjul, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Bonaire, Burgas, Cancún, Curaçao, Dalaman, Dubai, Faro, Fortaleza, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Holguín, Hurghada, Larnaca, Luxor, Kathmandu, Kos, Málaga, Miami, Montego Bay, Natal, Orlando-Sanford, Paphos, Preveza/Lefkada, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Varadero, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Aqaba, Eilat-Ovda, Essaouira, Girona, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Malé, Mombasa, Oakland, Ponta Delgada, Pula, Rimini, Split, Terceira, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Toronto-Pearson, Venice-Marco Polo
C, D, G
Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion G
Austrian Airlines operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna B
Belavia Minsk-National D
Blue Islands Jersey TBC
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow D
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City D
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas
D
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong G
China Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan E, F
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou E, F
CityJet London, Seasonal: Brive (Begins 29 June 2013), Perpignan (begins 29 June 2013) C, D
Corendon Airlines Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, zmir, Kayseri, Konya, Gazipasa G
Corendon Dutch Airlines Antalya, Bodrum, Elaz, Ercan, Hurghada, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Marrakech, Nador, Tetouan
Seasonal: Burgas, Eilat-Ovda, Heraklion, Banjul
G
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split
D
Cyprus Airways Larnaca (ends 27 October 2013)
Czech Airlines Prague B, C
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mumbai, New York-JFK, Newark, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma E, G
easyJet Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Southend, London-Stansted, Manchester (UK), Milan-Malpensa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Split H, M
EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva M
EgyptAir Cairo G
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion G
Emirates Dubai G
Estonian Air Tallinn B
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (begins 15 May 2013) [19] TBC
euroLOT Gdansk, Kraków C, D
Europe Airpost Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tangier
Seasonal: Heraklion, Nador
D
EVA Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan E
Finnair Helsinki B
Flybe Birmingham (UK), Exeter, Inverness, Nottingham/East Midlands, Southampton D, H
Garuda Indonesia Abu Dhabi, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta D, F
Georgian Airways Tbilisi D
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík C
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini E
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion G
Jat Airways Belgrade D
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford H
Kenya Airways Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta F
KLM Aalborg, Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Almaty, Aruba, Athens, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Billund, Birmingham (UK), Bonaire, Bristol, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Cardiff, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Doha, Dubai, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Guayaquil, Hamburg, Hangzhou, Harare, Havana, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kiev-Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lima, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lusaka, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Manila, Mexico City, Milan-Linate, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Panama City, Paramaribo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, St. Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, St. Maarten, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Xiamen, Zürich
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth
B, C, D, E, F
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Aalborg, Ålesund, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Billund, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bremen, Brussels, Cardiff, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Durham Tees Valley, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Humberside, Kristiansand, Leeds/Bradford, Linköping, London-Heathrow, Luxembourg, Lyon, Manchester, Manston, Munich, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Norwich, Nuremberg, Prague, Sandefjord, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Trondheim, Vienna, Zürich B, C, D
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon G
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin C, D
Lufthansa Frankfurt B
Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Hamburg, Munich B
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur E, G
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D, M
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore G
Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen D, G
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Tangier
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Oujda
D, G
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia D, G
SATA International Seasonal: Ponta Delgada TBA
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda C
Singapore Airlines Singapore G
Sky Airlines Antalya D
Sky Work Airlines Bern B
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion G
SunExpress zmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
G
Surinam Airways Paramaribo G
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich B
TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Sal, Sao Vicente D
TAP Portugal Lisbon B
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Porto B
TAROM Bucharest D
Transavia.com Agadir, Alicante, Almería, Antalya, Athens, Barcelona, Bodrum, Budapest, Casablanca, Catania, Dalaman, Djerba, Enfidha, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, zmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Luxor, Málaga, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Minorca, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Pisa, Porto, Olbia, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Seville, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Treviso, Turin (begins 10 October 2013),[20] Valencia
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Al Hoceima, Burgas, Banjul, Cephalonia, Chambéry, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Dubai, Erbil, Girona-Costa Brava, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lesbos, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Sal, Salzburg, Samos, Tangier, Varna, Verona, Volos, Zakynthos
B, C, D, E, G
Tunisair Tunis D
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen G
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil D
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, Washington-Dulles G
US Airways Philadelphia G
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Málaga
Seasonal: A Coruña, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Seville, Valencia
B
WOW Air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík (resumes 17 June 2013) C
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Chengdu,[21] Chicago-O'Hare, Moscow-Domodedovo, Zhengzhou
Air China Cargo Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin[22]
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Chennai, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Prague, Taipei-Taoyuan[23]
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin
China Southern Cargo Chongqing,[24] Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong, Vienna
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai [25]
Etihad Crystal Cargo
operated by Atlas Air
Abu Dhabi, Nairobi
FedEx Express Oslo
Jett8 Airlines Dubai-International, Singapore
Kalitta Air Bahrain, Newark[26]
KLM Cargo
operated by Martinair Cargo
Almaty,[27] Boston[28]
LAN Cargo Campinas-Viracopos, Santiago de Chile, Curitiba, Iquique
Lufthansa Cargo Aguadilla, Bogotá, Frankfurt
Martinair Cargo Aguadilla, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bogotá, Boston,[28] Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Chennai, Delhi, Doha, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Guayaquil, Harare, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Kigali, Kuwait, London-Stansted, Miami, Montevideo, Mumbai, Muscat, Nairobi, Quito, Riyadh, San José, Santiago de Chile, Sharjah, Singapore[29]
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur, Sharjah Airport
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Munich, Tripoli-Mitiga [30]
Nippon Cargo Airlines Tokyo-Narita
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Chicago-O'Hare
Saudia Cargo Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
Silk Way Airlines Baku [31]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Atlanta, Bangalore, Boston,[28] Brussels, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Lagos, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Sharjah, Singapore [32]
Thai Airways International Bangkok, Chennai
TMA Cargo Beirut, Cairo, Riyadh, Sharjah, Tripoli [33]
Other users

Traffic volume

Busiest European Routes from Amsterdam Airport (2012)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,429,378 British Airways, KLM, KLM Cityhopper
2 Barcelona, Spain 1,250,144 KLM, Transavia, Vueling
3 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 1,124,252 Air France, KLM
4 Madrid, Spain 1,030,188 Air Europa, KLM
5 Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 929,195 Alitalia, EasyJet, KLM
6 Copenhagen, Denmark 822,723 KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
7 Frankfurt, Germany 706,106 KLM Cityhopper, Lufthansa
8 Antalya, Turkey 701,310 Arkefly, Corendon, Corendon Dutch Airlines, Freebird, Pegasus, Sky Airlines, SunExpress, Transavia
9 Munich, Germany 689,499 KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Lufthansa CityLine
10 London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 678,519 British Airways, EasyJet
11 Zurich, Switzerland 677,497 KLM, Swiss
12 Manchester, United Kingdom 674,228 EasyJet, KLM, KLM Cityhopper
13 Stockholm (Arlanda), Sweden 630,012 KLM, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
14 Geneva, Switzerland 617,019 EasyJet Switzerland, KLM, KLM Cityhopper
15 Oslo, Norway 612,418 KLM, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
16 Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 611,914 Corendon, Freebird, KLM, Turkish Airlines
17 Lisbon, Portugal 587,060 EasyJet, KLM, TAP Portugal, Transavia
18 Edinburgh, United Kingdom 566,347 EasyJet, KLM, KLM Cityhopper
19 Vienna, Austria 503,767 Austrian Airlines, KLM, KLM Cityhopper
20 Milan (Linate), Italy 485,016 Alitalia, Alitalia CityLiner, KLM
Busiest Intercontinental Routes from Amsterdam Airport (2012)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Detroit, United States 631,350 Delta
2 New York (JFK), United States 585,620 Delta, KLM
3 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 551,891 Arkefly, Emirates, KLM, Transavia
4 Atlanta, United States 526,032 Delta, KLM
5 Bangkok (Suvarnabhumi), Thailand 440,799 China Airlines, EVA Air, KLM
6 Minneapolis/Saint Paul, United States 438,910 Delta
7 Nairobi, Kenya 414,409 Kenya Airways, KLM
8 Hong Kong, Hong Kong 396,097 Cathay Pacific, KLM
9 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 390,519 KLM, Malaysia Airlines
10 Toronto, Canada 390,505 Arkefly, Air Transat, KLM
11 Curaçao, Curaçao 388,041 Arkefly, KLM
12 Singapore, Singapore 331,542 KLM, Singapore Airlines
13 Tel Aviv, Israel 321,252 Arkefly, Arkia, El Al, Israir, KLM, Sun d'Or
14 Shanghai (Pudong), China 320,866 KLM
15 Houston, United States 304,371 KLM, United Airlines
16 Washington (Dulles), United States 268,882 KLM, United Airlines
17 Tokyo (Narita), Japan 262,767 KLM
18 Chicago (O'Hare), United States 260,745 KLM, United Airlines
19 Beijing (Capital), China 260,339 China Southern Airlines, KLM
20 Paramaribo, Suriname 259,687 KLM, Surinam Airways

Runways

Number Runway direction/code Length
(in metres and feet)
Runway common name source of the name Surface Notes
1 18R/36L 3,800 m
12,467 ft
Polderbaan decided via contest. 'Polder' is the Dutch word for land reclaimed from a body of water. Schiphol Airport is situated in a polder. Asphalt newest runway, opened 2003
Located to reduce the noise impact on the surrounding population; aircraft have a lengthy 15 minute taxi to and from the Terminal. The intended landing runway for Turkish Airlines Flight 1951, which crashed in a field just short of the runway.
2 06/24 3,500 m
11,483 ft
Kaagbaan named after the Kagerplassen which lies at the end of the runway Asphalt De Kaagbaan offered a nice location for spotters until the spotting-location was closed in January 2008[34]
3 09/27 3,453 m
11,329 ft
Buitenveldertbaan named after Buitenveldert, a part of Amsterdam Asphalt El Al Flight 1862 was trying to land at this runway when it crashed into a block of flats in the Bijlmermeer.[35]
4 18L/36R 3,400 m
11,155 ft
Aalsmeerbaan named after Aalsmeer Asphalt -
5 18C/36C 3,300 m
10,826 ft
Zwanenburgbaan named after village Zwanenburg Asphalt El Al Flight 1862 took off from this runway before crashing into flats in the Bijlmermeer when the plane was trying to return to the airport[35]
6 04/22 2,014 m
6,608 ft
Oostbaan most Eastern (Oost) of all runways Asphalt In October 2010 a B-737 of Corendon Airlines overshot this short runway and ended up with its nosegear in the mud[36]

Other facilities

TransPort Building on the Schiphol Airport property houses the head offices of Martinair and Transavia.com.[37] Construction on the building, which has 10,800 m2 (116,000 sq ft) of lettable space, began on 17 March 2009. Schiphol Group and the architect firm Paul de Ruiter designed the building, while De Vries and Verburg, a firm of Stolwijk, constructed the building.[38]

World Trade Center Schiphol Airport houses the head office of SkyTeam,[39][40] the Netherlands office of China Southern Airlines,[41] and the Netherlands offices of Iran Air.[42] The head office of Schiphol Group, the airport's operator, is located on the airport property.[43] The Convair Building, with its development beginning after a parcel was earmarked for its development in 1999, houses KLM offices,[44] including KLM Recruitment Services and the head office of KLM Cityhopper.[45][46] The original control tower of Schiphol Airport, which the airport authorities had moved slightly from its original location, now houses a restaurant.[44] The area Schiphol-Rijk includes the head offices of Arkefly and Amsterdam Airlines.[47][48]

At one time KLM had its head office on the grounds of Schiphol Airport.[49] Its current head office in Amstelveen had a scheduled completion at the end of 1970.[50] Previously Martinair had its head office in the Schiphol Center (Dutch: Schiphol Centrum) at Schiphol Airport.[51][52] Previously the head office of Transavia.com was in the Building Triport III at Schiphol Airport.[53][54][55] NLM Cityhopper and later KLM Cityhopper previously had their head offices in Schiphol Airport building 70.[56][56]

Nippon Cargo Airlines has its Europe regional headquarters at Schiphol.[57] The National Aerospace Museum Aviodome-Schiphol was previously located at Schiphol.[58] In 2003 the museum moved to Lelystad Airport and was renamed the "Aviodrome."[59]

Ground transport

Rail

The Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS), the national Dutch train operator, has a major passenger railway station directly underneath the passenger terminal complex and offers transportation into Amsterdam, Utrecht, The Hague, Rotterdam and many other cities.[60] There are intercity connections to Amsterdam Centraal, Utrecht Centraal, both The Hague Centraal and The Hague HS, Rotterdam Centraal, Eindhoven, Groningen, Enschede and Heerlen. Schiphol is also a stop for the international high-speed train Thalys, connecting the airport with a direct train connection to Antwerp, Brussels and Paris.

Bus

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is also easily accessible by bus, as many services call or terminate at the bus station located outside in front of the terminal building.[61] Bus journeys can be planned using the nationwide journey planner 9292.

Destination Service(s) Notes
Aalsmeer 198
Alphen aan den Rijn 370
Amstelveen 186, 199, 300, night bus N30
Amsterdam, Leidseplein 197, night bus N97 Leidseplein is the closest destination to Amsterdam's city centre that is served by bus from Schiphol.
Amsterdam, Osdorp 69, 192
Amsterdam, Slotervaart 69, 195
Amsterdam, Amsterdam-Zuid and Buitenveldert 310
Haarlem 300, night bus N30
Hoofddorp 196, 300, 310, night bus N30
Keukenhof Gardens 58 (seasonal)
Lisse 61
Leimuiden 370
Ouderkerk aan de Amstel 300, night bus N30
Sassenheim 61
Vijfhuizen 300, night bus N30
Car

Schiphol Airport can easily be reached by car via the highways A4 and A9. Schiphol offers several car parking facilities.

Accidents and incidents

  • 14 November 1946, a Douglas C-47 operated by KLM from London approached Schiphol during bad weather conditions. The first two attempts to land failed. During the third attempt, the pilot realized that the airplane was not lined up properly with the runway. A sharp left turn was made at low speed, causing the left wing to hit the ground. The airplane crashed and caught fire, killing all 26 people on board, including the plane's crew of five.
  • 4 October 1992, El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 cargo airplane heading to Tel Aviv, suffered physical engine separation of both right-wing engines (#3 and #4) just after taking off from Schiphol and crashed into an apartment building in the Bijlmer neighbourhood of Amsterdam while attempting to return to the airport. A total of 43 people were killed, including the plane's crew of three and a "non revenue passenger". Several others were injured.
  • 4 April 1994, Flight KL433 to Cardiff, a Saab 340 operated by KLM Cityhopper, returned to Schiphol after setting the number two engine to flight idle because the crew mistakenly believed that the engine suffered from low oil pressure because of a faulty warning light. On final approach at a height of 90 ft (27 m), the captain decided to go-around and gave full throttle on only the number one engine leaving the other in flight idle. The airplane rolled to the right, pitched up, stalled and hit the ground at 80 degrees bank. Of the twenty-four people on board, three were killed including the captain. Nine others were seriously injured.
  • 24 December 1997, a Boeing 757200 of Transavia Airlines overshot/overran runway 19L, nowadays known as 36C/18C (former 01L/19L), causing the nosegear to collapse. no persons were injured. the plane has never flown since, because it was permanently written off. the planes registration was PH-TKC. The Dutch authorities stated that the plane should have been diverted either to Brussels or Rotterdam. It didn't causing the plane to overrun the Zwanenburgbaan runway.
  • 25 February 2005, a diamond robbery occurred at Schiphol's cargo terminal, the robbers using a stolen KLM van to gain airside access. The estimated value of the stones was around 75 million euros, making it the largest diamond robbery ever recorded.[62]
  • 27 October 2005, a fire broke out at the airport's detention centre, killing 11 people and injuring 15. The complex was holding 350 people at the time of the incident. Results from the investigation almost one year later showed that fire safety precautions were not in force. A national outrage resulted in the resignation of Justice Minister Donner (CDA) and Mayor Hartog of Haarlemmermeer. Spatial Planning Minister Dekker (VVD) resigned as well, because she bore responsibility for the construction, safety, and maintenance of state-owned buildings.
  • 25 February 2009, Turkish Airlines Flight 1951, a Boeing 737800 from Istanbul crashed on approach to the airport's Polderbaan, just 1 km short of the runway. The plane carried 128 passengers and 7 crew on board. 9 people were killed and a further 86 were injured, including six with serious injuries. An initial report from the Dutch Safety Board revealed that the left radio altimeter had failed to provide the correct height above the ground and suddenly reported 8 ft (2.4 m). As a cause of this the autothrottle system closed the thrust levers to idle, as it is programmed to reduce thrust when below 27 ft (8.2 m) radio altitude. This eventually resulted in a dropping airspeed which was not acted upon until it was too late to recover and the aircraft stalled and crashed in a field.
  • 25 December 2009, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, an Islamic terrorist from Nigeria, set off an explosive device on Northwest Airlines Flight 253, an Airbus A330 from Schiphol as the plane was landing at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Romulus, Michigan. The device failed to go off correctly, and the suspect suffered burns to his lower body. Three other passengers had minor injuries.[63]
  • 13 January 2010, an Arkefly Boeing 767300 PH-AHQ operating flight OR361 from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol to Aruba Airport declared an emergency after a man who claimed to have a bomb on board began a struggle with the flight crew, the aircraft made an emergency landing at Shannon Airport. Gardai stormed the plane and arrested the man, where he was taken to Shannon Garda station. A passenger who had surgery the previous month collapsed in the terminal while waiting for the continuation of the flight and had to be taken to a local hospital. A replacement aircraft, also a Boeing 767300, continued the flight to Aruba.
  • 2 March 2010, a Corendon Airlines pilot, of Swedish origin, was arrested at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol after flying commercial jets for 13 years without a licence. He was due to fly a Boeing 737400 to Ankara, Turkey with 101 passengers on board when the Dutch police arrested him.[64][65] A back-up pilot was standing by to fly the jet to its destination. It is reported that he had clocked up to 10,000 hours flying passenger jets for various European airlines and 2 years with Corendon Airlines before the tip off from Swedish authorities. The licence he held was to fly light aircraft, but that licence expired 13 years before the incident.[66]
  • 2 October 2010, a Corendon Airlines Boeing 737400 landed in bad weather on the short (2,014 metres (6,608 ft)) Oostbaan (04/22) and the plane overshot the runway resulting in the nosewheel landing in the mud at the end of the runway. According to the airline, this runway should not have been used in heavy rain.[36]

References

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  2. ^ a b Transport and Traffic statistics
  3. ^ a b EHAM Amsterdam / Schiphol. AIP from AIS the Netherlands, effective 4 Apr 2013
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  6. ^ Airport Technology
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  8. ^ Algemeen Hoogtebestand Nederlands, official elevation map by the Ministry of Water and Transport
  9. ^ Amsterdam joins Emirates' A380 network (15 February 2012)
  10. ^ Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Schiphol
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  12. ^ Will you marry me at the airport?
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  29. ^ MP cargo winter 2012 schedule
  30. ^ MNG Airlines Schedule
  31. ^ Silk Way Airlines start flight Baku-Amsterdam
  32. ^ SQ cargo schedule
  33. ^ TMA Cargo schedule destinations
  34. ^ Aircraft spotting
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  36. ^ a b Airliners.net Corendon Ran Off..., visited 10 October 2010
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  45. ^ "Country: NL NETHERLANDS." Joint Aviation Authorities Training Organisation. Retrieved on 20 February 2011. "KLM CITYHOPPER BV AOC Num: NL- 2/64 Expiry Date: 01-01-08 Convair Gebouw, Stationsplein 102 1117 BV Schiphol Oost Netherlands."
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  52. ^ "Geschiedenis." Martinair. Retrieved on 16 February 2011.
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  54. ^ "General Conditions of Passage." Transavia.com. 28/28 Retrieved on 16 February 2011. "Address for visitors: transavia.com Westelijke Randweg 3, building Triport III 1118 CR Schiphol Airport"
  55. ^ "Annual Report 2004/2005." Transavia.com. 28/28. Retrieved on 16 February 2011. "transavia.com Westelijke Randweg 3 P.O. Box 7777 1118 ZM Schiphol Centrum The Netherlands"
  56. ^ a b "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 27 March 2 April 1991. 98. "Head Office: Building 70, PO Box 7700, 1117 ZL Schiphol Airport (East), The Netherlands."
  57. ^ "Europe." Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved on 17 February 2012. "Vrachtstation 5, Pelikaanweg 47,1118DT,Luchthaven Schiphol, The Netherlands"
  58. ^ "Engels." National Aerospace Museum Aviodome-Schiphol. 6 August 2002. Retrieved on 26 December 2011. "Westelijke Randweg 201, 1118 CT Luchthaven Schiphol"
  59. ^ "Engels." Aviodrome. 21 June 2003. Retrieved on 26 December 2011.
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  61. ^ Schiphol. "Schiphol Busdiensten" [Schiphol Bus services]. schiphol.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  62. ^ Rachael Bell for tru TV, Sensation Heists Amsterdam's Million-Dollar Airport Heist. Article retrieved 26 November 2011.
  63. ^ Officials: Possible terror attack on Northwest jet
  64. ^ 'Fake pilot' arrested moments before take-off
  65. ^ Swedish pilot flew 13 years without licence
  66. ^ Swedish pilot flew without licence for 13 years

Bibliography

  • Heuvel, Coen van den. Schiphol, een Wereldluchthaven in Beeld, Holkema & Warendorf, 1992, 978-9-0269-6271-4

External links


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