|Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
|IATA: AMS ICAO: EHAM|
|Elevation AMSL||11 ft / 3 m|
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol, Dutch pronunciation: [lxtav(n) sxp]) (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM) is the main international airport of the Netherlands, located 4.9 nautical miles (9.1 km; 5.6 mi) southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer, province of North Holland. It is the fifth busiest airport in Europe in terms of passengers. The airport is built as one large terminal (a single-terminal concept), split into three large departure halls.
Schiphol is the hub for KLM and its regional affiliate KLM Cityhopper as well as for Corendon Dutch Airlines, Martinair Cargo, Transavia and TUI Airlines Netherlands. The airport also serves as a European hub for Delta Air Lines and as a base for EasyJet and Vueling.
Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase. The end of the First World War also saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport eventually lost its military role completely. By 1940, Schiphol had four asphalt runways at 45-degree angles. The airport was captured by the German military that same year and renamed Fliegerhorst Schiphol. The airport was destroyed through bombing but at the end of the war the airfield was restored quickly. In 1949, it was decided that Schiphol was to become the primary airport of the Netherlands. The airport's official English name, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, reflects the original Dutch word order (Luchthaven Schiphol).
Schiphol Airport is an important European airport, ranking as Europe's fifth busiest and the world's twenty second busiest by total passenger traffic in 2015 (14th in 2014 and 2013 and 16th in 2012). It also ranks as the world's fifth busiest by international passenger traffic and the world's sixteenth busiest for cargo tonnage. 52.569 million passengers passed through the airport in 2013, a 3% increase compared with 2012. Schiphol's main competitors in terms of passenger traffic and cargo throughput are London Heathrow Airport, Frankfurt Airport, ParisCharles de Gaulle Airport and MadridBarajas Airport.
In 2010, 65.9% of passengers using the airport flew to and from Europe, 11.7% to and from North America and 8.8% to and from Asia; cargo volume was mainly between Schiphol and Asia (45%) and North America (17%).
In 2010, 106 carriers provided a total of 301 destinations on a regular basis. Passenger destinations were offered by 91 airlines. Direct (non-stop) destinations grew by 9 to a total of 274. Regular destinations serviced exclusively by full freighters (non-passenger) grew by eight to a total of twenty-seven.
The airport is built as one large terminal (a single-terminal concept), split into three large departure halls, which connect again once airside. The most recent of these was completed in 1994 and expanded in 2007 with a new section, called Terminal 4, although it is not considered a separate building. Plans for further terminal expansion exist, including the construction of a separate new terminal between the Zwanenburgbaan and Polderbaan runways that would end the one-terminal concept.
Because of intense traffic and high landing fees, some low-cost carriers decided to move their flights to smaller airports, such as Rotterdam The Hague Airport and Eindhoven Airport. Many low-cost carriers, such as EasyJet, however, continue to operate from Schiphol, using the low-cost H-pier. There have been talks about using the Lelystad Airport for low-cost carriers.
Schiphol is equipped with eighteen double jetway gates in preparation for airlines introducing the Airbus A380. Emirates was the first airline to fly the A380 to Schiphol in August 2012, deploying the aircraft on its daily DubaiAmsterdam service. During the summer, China Southern Airlines also uses the A380 on its BeijingAmsterdam route.
Schiphol's name is derived from a former fortification named Fort Schiphol which was part of the Stelling van Amsterdam defence works. Before 1852, the Haarlemmermeer polder in which the airport lies was a large lake with some shallow areas. There are multiple stories of how the place got its name. The most popular story is that in the shallow waters sudden violent storms could claim many ships. This was the main reason for reclaiming it. In English, Schiphol translates to "Ship Grave", a reference to many ships supposedly lost in the lake. When the lake was reclaimed, however, no ship wrecks were found. Another possible origin of the name is the word 'scheepshaal'. A scheepshaal is a ditch or little canal in which ships would be towed from one lake to another. A third explanation would be that the name derived from the words "scip hol". This is a low lying area of land (hol, like in the name Holland) from where wood would be obtained to build ships.
Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase, with a few barracks and a field serving as platform and runways. When civil aircraft started to use the field (17 December 1920), it was often called Schiphol-les-bains. The Fokker aircraft manufacturer started a factory near Schiphol airport in 1919. The end of the First World War also saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport eventually lost its military role completely.
By 1940, Schiphol had four asphalt runways at 45-degree angles, all 1,020 metres (3,350 ft) or less. One was extended to become today's runway 04/22; two others crossed that runway at Bennebroek, Vijfhuizen and Vogelenzang in an attempt to confuse allied bombers. A railway connection was also constructed. Despite these defences, the airfield was still bombed intensively, and an exceptionally heavy attack on 13 December 1943 caused so much damage that it rendered the airfield unusable as an active base. After that, it served only as an emergency landing field, until the Germans themselves destroyed the remainders of the airfield at the start of Operation Market Garden. At the end of the war, the airfield was restored quickly, with the first aircraft, a Douglas DC-3, landing again on 8 July 1945.. The airport was captured by the German military that same year and renamed Fliegerhorst Schiphol. A large amount of anti-aircraft defences were installed in the vicinity of the airport and fake decoy airfields were constructed in the vicinity near
A new terminal building was completed in 1949 and it was decided that Schiphol was to become the primary airport of the Netherlands. Expansion came at the cost of a small town called Rijk, which was demolished to make room for the growing airport. The name of this town is remembered in the name of the present Schiphol-Rijk industrial estate. In 1967, Dutch designer Benno Wissing created signage for Schiphol Airport well known for its clear writing and thorough color-coding; to avoid confusion, he prohibited any other signage in the shades of yellow and green used. This was part of the new terminal building which replaced the older facilities once located on what is now the east side of the airport. The A-Pier of the airport was modified in 1970 to allow Boeing 747 aircraft to make use of the boarding gates.
The construction of a new Air Traffic Control tower was completed in 1991 as the existing tower could no longer oversee all of the airport. New wayfinding signage was designed that year as well by Paul Mijksenaar. A sixth runway was completed at quite some distance west of the rest of airport in 2003 and was nicknamed the Polderbaan, with the connecting taxiway crossing the A5 motorway. The distance of this runway means that taxi times to and from this runway can take between 10 and 20 minutes. It also required the construction of an additional Air Traffic Control tower as the primary tower is too far away to oversee this part of the airfield.
On 25 February 2005, a diamond robbery occurred at Schiphol's cargo terminal. The robbers used a stolen KLM van to gain airside access. The estimated value of the stones was around 75 million euros, making it one of the largest diamond robberies ever. Later that year, a fire broke out at the airport's detention centre, killing 11 people and injuring 15. The complex was holding 350 people at the time of the incident. Results from the investigation almost one year later showed that fire safety precautions were not in force. A national outrage resulted in the resignation of Justice Minister Donner (CDA) and Mayor Hartog of Haarlemmermeer. Spatial Planning Minister Dekker (VVD) resigned as well, because she bore responsibility for the construction, safety, and maintenance of state-owned buildings.
Schiphol uses a one-terminal concept, where all facilities are located under a single roof, radiating from the central plaza. The terminal, though, is divided into three sections or halls designated 1, 2 and 3. To all of these halls, piers or concourses are connected. However, it is possible, on both sides of security or border inspection, to walk from between piers, even those connected to different halls. The exception to this is the low-cost pier M: once airside (past security), passengers cannot access any other areas. Border control separates Schengen from non-Schengen areas. Schiphol Airport has approximately 165 boarding gates.
Schiphol has large shopping areas as a source of revenue and as an additional attraction for passengers. Schiphol Plaza is the shopping centre before customs, hence it is used by air travelers and non-traveling visitors.
Departure Hall 1 consists of Piers B and C, both of which are dedicated Schengen areas. Pier B has 14 gates and Pier C has 21 gates.
Departure Hall 2 consists of Piers D and E.
Pier D is the largest pier and has two levels. The lower floor houses non-Schengen flights and the upper floor is used for Schengen flights. By using stairs, the same jetways are used to access the aircraft. Schengen gates are numbered beginning with D-59; non-Schengen gates are numbered from D-1 to D-57.
Pier E is a dedicated non-Schengen area and has 14 gates. It is typically home to SkyTeam hub airlines Delta Air Lines and KLM, along with other members, such as China Airlines and China Southern Airlines. Other Middle Eastern and Asian airlines such as EVA Air, Etihad Airways, Iran Air, Air Astana and Malaysia Airlines also typically operate out of Pier E.
Departure Hall 3 consists of piers F, G, H and M. Pier F has 8 gates and is typically dominated by SkyTeam members such as primary airline KLM, Kenya Airways, China Airlines and China Southern Airlines, and other members. Pier G has 13 gates and is, except for pier E, the only terminal that handles daily Airbus A380 service, by Emirates and China Southern Airlines. Piers H and M have 7 gates each and are home to low-cost airlines. Piers F, G and H are non-Schengen areas. Pier M is a dedicated Schengen area.
A new general aviation terminal was opened in 2011 on the east side of the airport, operated as the KLM Jet Center. The new terminal building has a floorspace of 6,000 m2 (65,000 sq ft); 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) for the actual terminal and lounges, 4,000 m2 (43,000 sq ft) for office space and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) for parking.
The Rijksmuseum operates an annex at the airport, offering a small overview of both classical and contemporary art. Admission to the exhibits is free. The airport museum is closed until the end of 2015, due to refurbishment.
In summer 2010, Schiphol Airport Library opened alongside the museum, providing passengers access to a collection of 1,200 books (translated into 29 languages) by Dutch authors on subjects relating to the country's history and culture. The 89.9 m2 (968 sq ft) library offers e-books and music by Dutch artists and composers that can be downloaded free of charge to a laptop or mobile device. The Schiphol Airport Library closed in September 2014 for refurbishment until the end of 2015.
For aviation enthusiasts, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has a large rooftop viewing area, called the Panoramaterras. It is not accessible to connecting passengers unless they first exit the airport. Enthusiasts and the public can enter, free of charge, from the airport's landside. Since June 2011, it is the location for a KLM Cityhopper Fokker 100, modified to be a viewing exhibit. Besides the Panoramaterras, Schiphol has other spotting sites, especially along the newest Polderbaan runway and at the McDonald's restaurant at the north side of the airport.
Schiphol is building a new state-of-the-art cube-shaped hotel with 433 rooms, rounded corners and diamond-shaped windows. The spacious atrium will have a 41-metre-high (135 ft) ceiling made of glass and will be in the heart of the building. A covered walkway will connect the hotel directly to the terminal. The hotel will be completed in 2015.
In 2012, Schiphol Group announced a big expansion of Schiphol, featuring a new pier, an expansion of the terminal, and a new parking garage. Pier A will be part of Departure Hall 1 which already has Pier B (14 gates) and Pier C (21 gates). The new Pier A will have 10 gates. The first activities are expected to start in 2016 and to be completed in 2018. The expansions will cost about 500 million euros.
The new Pier A will be built next to Pier B, in an area now used as a freight platform for planes. Pier A will mainly be used for flights within Europe. To handle the extra passengers that come with this new pier, Schiphol will expand the terminal and build new facilities for check-ins and arrivals. From the new building, direct access will be made to the platforms of the underground railway station. When finished, Schiphol wants to grow to around 65/70 million passengers in 2020.
The Schiphol air traffic control tower, with a height of 101 m (331 ft), was the tallest in the world when constructed in 1991. Schiphol is geographically one of the world's lowest major commercial airports. The entire airport is below sea level; the lowest point sits at 3.4 m (11 ft) below sea level (or 1.4 m (4.5 ft) below the Dutch Normaal Amsterdams Peil (NAP)); the runways are around 3 m (9.8 ft) below NAP.
Schiphol has six runways, one of which is used mainly by general aviation aircraft. The northern end of the Polderbaan, the last runway to be constructed, is 7 km (4.3 mi) north of the control tower, causing taxi times of up to 20 minutes to the terminal.
(in metres and feet)
|Runway common name||Source of the name||Surface||Notes|
|Polderbaan||Decided via contest. 'Polder' is the Dutch word for land reclaimed from a body of water. Schiphol Airport is situated in a polder.||Asphalt||Newest runway, opened 2003.
Located to reduce the noise impact on the surrounding population; aircraft have a lengthy 15-minute taxi to and from the Terminal. The intended landing runway for Turkish Airlines Flight 1951, which crashed in a field just short of the runway.
|Kaagbaan||Named after the Kagerplassen which lies at the end of the runway||Asphalt||The Kaagbaan offered a location for spotters until the spotting location was closed in January 2008.|
|Buitenveldertbaan||Named after Buitenveldert, a part of Amsterdam||Asphalt||El Al Flight 1862 was trying to make an emergency landing on this runway when it crashed into a block of flats in the Bijlmermeer.|
|Aalsmeerbaan||Named after Aalsmeer||Asphalt|
|Zwanenburgbaan||Named after the village Zwanenburg||Asphalt||El Al Flight 1862 took off from this runway before crashing into flats in the Bijlmermeer when the plane was trying to return to the airport.|
|Oostbaan||Most Eastern (Oost) of all runways||Asphalt||In October 2010 a B-737 of Corendon Airlines overshot this short runway and ended up with its nosegear in the mud.|
Note: The piers listed are not definite since very few airlines have dedicated piers or gates; the piers listed below are based on typical conditions.
|Adria Airways||Ljubljana, ód||B|
|Aegean Airlines||Athens (begins 27 May 2016)
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
|Aer Lingus||Cork, Dublin||D|
|Air Arabia Maroc||Casablanca, Nador, Tangier||D, G|
|airBaltic||Riga, Tallinn (begins 27 March 2016), Vilnius||B|
|Air Cairo||Charter: Luxor||G|
|Air Canada||TorontoPearson||E, G|
|Air France||Marseille, ParisCharles de Gaulle||C|
operated by HOP!
|ClermontFerrand, Nantes, Strasbourg||C|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Calgary, TorontoPearson, Vancouver||E, G|
|American Airlines||Philadelphia||E, G|
|Arkia Israel Airlines||Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion||G|
|British Airways||LondonGatwick, LondonHeathrow||D|
operated by BA CityFlyer
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||G|
|China Airlines||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, TaipeiTaoyuan||F|
|China Southern Airlines||BeijingCapital, Guangzhou||F|
operated by VLM Airlines
|Corendon Airlines||Alanya/Gazipaa, Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, zmir, Kayseri, Konya||D, G|
|Corendon Dutch Airlines||Antalya, Bodrum, Elaz, Ercan, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Nador, Tetouan
Seasonal: Aqaba, Arrecife, Banjul, Burgas, EilatOvda, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Málaga, Marrakesh, Marsa Alam, Ohrid, Palma de Mallorca, Plovdiv (begins 1 December 2015)
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, Newark, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Salt Lake City
|D, E, G|
|easyJet||BelfastInternational, BerlinSchönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hamburg, Lisbon, Liverpool, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, LondonSouthend, LondonStansted, Lyon (begins 12 December 2015), Manchester, Milan-Linate, MilanMalpensa, Naples (begins 27 March 2016), Nice, Olbia, Prague, RomeFiumicino, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Toulouse, VeniceMarco Polo, Vienna (begins 17 December 2015)
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Grenoble (begins 12 December 2015), Ibiza, Palermo, Salzburg (begins 12 December 2015), Split, Tenerife-South (begins 12 December 2015)
|easyJet Switzerland||Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva||M|
|El Al||Tel AvivBen Gurion||G|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||E|
|Europe Airpost||Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tangier
Seasonal: Heraklion, Nador
|EVA Air||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, TaipeiTaoyuan||E, G|
|Flybe||Birmingham, Bournemouth, Doncaster/Sheffield, Exeter, Inverness, Liverpool, LondonCity, Manchester, Nottingham/East Midlands, Southampton||D, H|
|Garuda Indonesia1||JakartaSoekarnoHatta, LondonGatwick||D, G|
|Iran Air||TehranImam Khomeini||E|
|Israir Airlines||Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion||G|
|Jetairfly||Tangier, Nador||C, D, E, G|
|Kenya Airways||NairobiJomo Kenyatta||F|
|KLM||Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Almaty, Aruba, Athens, Atlanta, Bahrain, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Barcelona, BeijingCapital, Bergen, BerlinTegel, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bonaire, Bordeaux, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Cali, Cape Town, Chengdu, ChicagoO'Hare, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Doha, DubaiInternational, Edinburgh, Edmonton, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Fukuoka (ends 3 January 2016), Geneva, GlasgowInternational, GothenburgLandvetter, Guayaquil, Hamburg, Hangzhou, Havana, Helsinki, Hong Kong, HoustonIntercontinental, IstanbulAtatürk, Jakarta/SoekarnoHatta, JohannesburgO. R. Tambo, KievBoryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lima, Lisbon, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Madrid, Manchester, Manila, Mexico City, MilanLinate, MontréalTrudeau, MoscowSheremetyevo, Munich, Muscat, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, Newcastle upon Tyne, New YorkJFK, OsakaKansai, OsloGardermoen, Panama City, Paramaribo, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Quito, Rio de JaneiroGaleão, RomeFiumicino, Saint Petersburg, Stuttgart, San Francisco, São PauloGuarulhos, Santiago de Chile, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Stavanger, StockholmArlanda, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TokyoNarita, TorontoPearson, Vancouver, VeniceMarco Polo, Vienna, WarsawChopin, WashingtonDulles, Xiamen, Zürich
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth
|B, C, D, E, F|
operated by KLM Cityhopper
|Aalborg, Aberdeen, Ålesund, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast City, BerlinTegel, Bilbao, Billund, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bremen, Bristol, Brussels, Cardiff, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Durham Tees Valley, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, GothenburgLandvetter, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hull, Kraków, Kristiansand, Leeds/Bradford, Linköping, LondonHeathrow, Luxembourg, Lyon, Manchester, Montpellier, Munich, Nice, Norwich, Nuremberg, Prague, Sandefjord, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Trondheim, Turin, VeniceMarco Polo, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich||B, C, D|
|LOT Polish Airlines||WarsawChopin||C|
|Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine||Frankfurt, Munich||B|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur||G|
|Malmö Aviation||Seasonal: Umeå||B|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda||D, M|
|Pegasus Airlines||Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen||D, G|
|Qatar Airways||Doha||D, G|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca, Nador, Tangier
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Oujda
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia||D, G|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda||C|
|Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
|Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion||G|
Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri, Konya
|SunExpress Deutschland||Seasonal charter: Nador (begins 5 November 2015)||D, G|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||B, C, D|
|TACV Cabo Verde Airlines||ParisCharles de Gaulle, Sao Vicente, Praia||D, G|
operated by Portugália
|Transavia||Agadir, Alicante, Antalya, Arrecife, Athens, Bergerac (begins 4 April 2016), Barcelona, Casablanca, Erbil, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gazipaa, Gran Canaria, Innsbruck, La Palma, Lisbon, Málaga, Marrakech, Naples, Nice, Pisa, Porto, Seville, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki, Turin, Valencia, VeniceMarco Polo
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Almería, Banjul, Bari, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Burgas, Catania, Chambéry, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Dalaman, DubaiInternational, Dubrovnik (begins 4 April 2016), Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, zmir, Kalamata, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Malta, Monastir, Mytilini, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Preveza, Rhodes, Sal, Salzburg, Samos, Santorini, Verona, Zakynthos
|B, C, D, E|
|TUI Airlines Netherlands||Charter: Antalya, Arrecife, Aruba, Banjul, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Bonaire, Burgas, Cancún, Curaçao, Dalaman, DubaiInternational, Faro, Fortaleza, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Holguín, Hurghada, Mahon, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Miami, Montego Bay, Natal, Orlando/Sanford, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sint Maarten, TenerifeSouth, Varadero, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Aqaba, Corfu, Denpasar/Bali, Djerba, Enfidha, Girona, Ibiza, zmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Kittilä, Kos, Marsa Alam, Mataram, Mombasa, Mytilene, Ohrid, Ponta Delgada, Pula, Samos, Sitia, Terceira, TorontoPearson, Zakynthos
|C, D, E, G|
|TUI Airlines Netherlands
operated by Jetairfly
|Charter: Brussels, Miami, Orlando/Sanford||C, D, E, G|
|Turkish Airlines||Ankara, IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen||G|
|Ukraine International Airlines||KievBoryspil||D|
|United Airlines||ChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles||D, E, G|
|Vueling||Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Gran Canaria (begins 1 July 2016), Lisbon (begins 1 May 2016), Málaga, MilanMalpensa (begins 1 February 2016), RomeFiumicino
Seasonal: Catania (begins 30 April 2016), Ibiza, Naples (begins 1 May 2016), Palma de Mallorca, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia
|Xiamen Airlines||Xiamen||E, G|
^1 Some of Garuda Indonesia's flights from Jakarta to Amsterdam stop in Singapore, but all flights from Amsterdam to Jakarta are nonstop.
|AirBridgeCargo Airlines||Anchorage, Chengdu, ChicagoO'Hare, Khabarovsk, Los Angeles, MoscowDomodedovo, MoscowSheremetyevo, Novosibirsk, ShanghaiPudong, Zhengzhou|
|Air China Cargo||ShanghaiPudong, Tianjin|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Chennai, DubaiAl Maktoum, Frankfurt, Hong Kong|
|Centurion Air Cargo||Caracas, HoustonIntercontinental, Miami|
|China Airlines Cargo||DubaiAl Maktoum, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Prague, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||ShanghaiPudong, Tianjin, Zhengzhou|
|China Southern Cargo||Chongqing, Guangzhou, ShanghaiPudong, Vienna|
|Emirates SkyCargo||DubaiAl Maktoum|
operated by Atlas Air
|Abu Dhabi, Bogotá, Nairobi|
|FedEx Express||OsloGardermoen, ParisCharles de Gaulle|
|Kalitta Air||Bahrain, Newark|
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul|
|LAN Cargo||CampinasViracopos, Santiago de Chile, Curitiba, Buenos Aires, Cabo Frio|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Aguadilla, Bogotá, Frankfurt|
|Martinair Cargo||Almaty, Aguadilla, Bahrain, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Bogotá, Buenos AiresEzeiza, CampinasViracopos, Chennai, Delhi, Guadalajara, Doha, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, DubaiAl Maktoum, Entebbe, Guayaquil, Harare, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Kigali, Kuwait, LondonStansted, Miami, Montevideo, Mumbai, Muscat, Nairobi, Quito, Riyadh, San José, Santiago de Chile, Sharjah, Singapore|
|MASkargo||Dubai-Al Maktoum, Kuala Lumpur|
|MNG Airlines||IstanbulAtatürk, Munich, TripoliMitiga|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||TokyoNarita|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha, ChicagoO'Hare|
|Saudia Cargo||Jeddah, JohannesburgO. R. Tambo, NairobiJomo Kenyatta|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Bangalore, Chennai, ChicagoO'Hare, Copenhagen, JohannesburgO. R. Tambo, LondonHeathrow, Mumbai, Sharjah, Singapore|
|Thai Airways||Bangkok, Chennai|
|TMA Cargo||Beirut, Cairo, Riyadh, Sharjah, Tripoli|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||IstanbulAtatürk, London Stansted|
|Uzbekistan Airways||Navoi International Airport|
|Yangtze River Express||ShanghaiPudong|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers 2014||Change %||Carriers|
|1||UK, London (Heathrow), United Kingdom||1,486,861||3.0||British Airways, KLM, KLM Cityhopper|
|2||Spain, Barcelona, Spain||1,217,916||2.6||KLM, Transavia, Vueling|
|3||France, Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France||1,159,308||2.9||Air France, KLM|
|4||Italy, Rome (Fiumicino), Italy||1,028,871||7.6||Alitalia, easyJet, KLM, Vueling|
|5||Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark||888,538||10.2||KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines|
|6||UK, London (Gatwick), United Kingdom||875,520||16.6||British Airways, easyJet|
|7||Spain, Madrid, Spain||840,215||16.6||Air Europa, KLM, Iberia Express|
|8||Germany, Frankfurt, Germany||753,623||4.8||KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Lufthansa|
|9||UK, Manchester, United Kingdom||732,671||5.9||easyJet, KLM|
|10||Germany, Munich, Germany||731,536||5.5||KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Lufthansa, Lufthansa Regional|
|11||Turkey, Antalya, Turkey||721,409||3.3||Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress, Transavia, TUI Airlines Netherlands|
|12||Switzerland, Zürich, Switzerland||720,571||3.3||KLM, KLM Cityhopper, Swiss International Air Lines|
|13||Sweden, Stockholm (Arlanda), Sweden||691,556||4.8||KLM, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines|
|14||Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal||668,088||0.6||easyJet, KLM, TAP Portugal, Transavia|
|15||Switzerland, Geneva, Switzerland||639,254||1.9||easyJet Switzerland, KLM, KLM Cityhopper|
|16||Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey||628,622||2.5||Corendon, Freebird Airlines, KLM, Turkish Airlines|
|17||Norway, Oslo (Gardermoen), Norway||614,458||1.6||KLM, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines|
|18||UK, Edinburgh, United Kingdom||600,652||7.0||easyJet, KLM, KLM Cityhopper|
|19||Italy, Milan (Linate), Italy||547,773||0.3||Alitalia, Alitalia CityLiner, KLM|
|20||Austria, Vienna, Austria||541,060||4.2||Austrian Airlines, KLM, KLM Cityhopper|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers 2014||Change %||Carriers|
|1||UAE, Dubai, United Arab Emirates||744,908||22.0||Emirates, KLM, Transavia, TUI Airlines Netherlands|
|2||USA, New York (JFK), United States||665,852||5.7||Delta, KLM|
|3||USA, Atlanta, United States||649,602||7.9||Delta, KLM|
|4||USA, Detroit, United States||623,458||3.9||Delta|
|5||USA, Minneapolis/Saint Paul, United States||457,246||1.9||Delta|
|6||Thailand, Bangkok (Suvarnabhumi), Thailand||443,967||3.5||China Airlines, EVA Air, KLM|
|7||Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya||426,930||7.5||Kenya Airways, KLM|
|8||Curacao, Curaçao, Curaçao||426,102||9.2||KLM, TUI Airlines Netherlands|
|9||Canada, Toronto, Canada||367,374||2.9||Air Transat, KLM, TUI Airlines Netherlands|
|10||Hong_Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong||365,400||0.8||Cathay Pacific, KLM|
|11||Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||359,674||9.2||KLM, Malaysia Airlines|
|12||Israel, Tel Aviv, Israel||348,448||1.4||Arkia Israel Airlines, El Al, Israir, KLM, Transavia|
|13||USA, Houston, United States||337,796||6.3||KLM, United Airlines|
|14||China, Beijing (Capital), China||317,085||5.3||China Southern Airlines, KLM|
|15||Singapore, Singapore, Singapore||311,664||0.9||KLM, Singapore Airlines|
|16||China, Shanghai (Pudong), China||290,211||3.8||KLM|
|17||UAE, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates||268,738||34.3||Etihad Airways, KLM|
|18||USA, Washington (Dulles), United States||262,013||4.5||KLM, United Airlines|
|19||USA, Los Angeles, United States||261,474||0.7||KLM|
|20||USA, Boston, United States||258,073||4.4||Delta|
|Rank||Country||movements 2014||Change %|
|Rank||Country||Passengers 2014||Change %|
The TransPort Building on the Schiphol Airport property houses the head offices of Martinair and Transavia. Construction of the building, which has 10,800 m2 (116,000 sq ft) of rentable space, began on 17 March 2009. Schiphol Group and the architect firm Paul de Ruiter designed the building, while De Vries and Verburg, a firm of Stolwijk, constructed the building.
The World Trade Center Schiphol Airport houses the head office of SkyTeam, the Netherlands office of China Southern Airlines, and the Netherlands offices of Iran Air. The head office of Schiphol Group, the airport's operator, is located on the airport property. The Convair Building, with its development beginning after a parcel was earmarked for its development in 1999, houses KLM offices, including KLM Recruitment Services and the head office of KLM Cityhopper. The original control tower of Schiphol Airport, which the airport authorities had moved slightly from its original location, now houses a restaurant. The area Schiphol-Rijk includes the head offices of TUI Airlines Netherlands and Amsterdam Airlines.
At one time KLM had its head office on the grounds of Schiphol Airport. Its current head office in Amstelveen had a scheduled completion at the end of 1970. Previously Martinair had its head office in the Schiphol Center (Dutch: Schiphol Centrum) at Schiphol Airport. Formerly, the head office of Transavia was in the Building Triport III at Schiphol Airport. NLM Cityhopper and later KLM Cityhopper previously had their head offices in Schiphol Airport building 70.
Nippon Cargo Airlines has its Europe regional headquarters at Schiphol. The National Aerospace Museum AviodomeSchiphol was previously located at Schiphol. In 2003 the museum moved to Lelystad Airport and was renamed the "Aviodrome."
The Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS), the national Dutch train operator, has a major passenger railway station directly underneath the passenger terminal complex that offers transportation into Amsterdam, Utrecht, The Hague, Rotterdam and many other cities. There are intercity connections to Amsterdam Centraal, Utrecht Centraal, both The Hague Centraal and The Hague HS, Rotterdam Centraal, Eindhoven, 's-Hertogenbosch, Leeuwarden, Groningen, Enschede, Arnhem, Nijmegen and Heerlen. Schiphol is also a stop for the Thalys international high-speed train, connecting the airport directly to Antwerp, Brussels, Lille and Paris, as well as to Bourg St Maurice (winter) and Marseille (summer).
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is also easily accessible by bus, as many services call or terminate at the bus station located outside in front of the terminal building.
|Alphen aan den Rijn||370|
|Amstelveen||186, 199, 300, night bus N30|
|Amsterdam, Leidseplein/Innercity||197, night bus N97 Airport Express Bus||Leidseplein is the closest destination to Amsterdam's city centre that is served by bus from Schiphol.|
|Amsterdam, Osdorp||69, 192|
|Amsterdam, Slotervaart||69, 195|
|Amsterdam, AmsterdamZuid and Buitenveldert||310|
|Haarlem||300, night bus N30|
|Hoofddorp||300, 310, night bus N30|
|Keukenhof Gardens||858 (seasonal)|
|Ouderkerk aan de Amstel||300, night bus N30|
|Vijfhuizen||300, night bus N30|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Schiphol Airport.|