|Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport|
|Airline terminal with air traffic control tower in the background|
|IATA: BWI ICAO: KBWI FAA LID: BWI|
|Owner||Maryland Aviation Administration|
|Serves||BaltimoreWashington Metropolitan Area|
|Location||Anne Arundel County, near Glen Burnie, Maryland|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||146 ft / 45 m|
|Based aircraft||73 (2,010)|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration and BWI Airport.|
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (IATA: BWI, ICAO: KBWI, FAA LID: BWI) is an international airport serving the BaltimoreWashington Metropolitan Area in the United States. It is commonly referred to as BWI or BWI Marshall. Located adjacent to the Linthicum CDP in northern unincorporated Anne Arundel County, Maryland, the airport is about 10 miles (16 km) south of Baltimore and 32 miles (51 km) northeast of Washington, DC. It is named after Thurgood Marshall, a Baltimore native and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States.
BWI is a focus city for Southwest Airlines, and is the busiest airport in the BaltimoreWashington Metropolitan Area. A record 21.9 million passengers traveled through BWI in 2010, an increase of 4.7% over the previous year, with July being the busiest month ever in the airport's history. This made BWI the 24th busiest airport of North America in 2010. The airport was also ranked 47th in the world in total aircraft movements in 2008.
In 2010, BWI was ranked as the best airport of its size (1525 mil. passengers) in the world by the Airports Council International based on its 2009 Airport Service Quality survey. The airport also won second place for North American airports in the "Best Food and Beverage Program" of the 2010 Richard A. Griesbach Excellence in Airport Concessions Contest, sponsored by the Airports Council International.
Planning for a new airport on 3,200 acres (1,300 ha) to serve the Baltimore/Washington area began just after the end of World War II. Ground was broken in 1947. Located in Anne Arundel County, Maryland next to the site where Friendship Methodist Church stood until 1948, Friendship International Airport was dedicated on June 24, 1950, by President Harry Truman. The following month the airlines moved to the new airport from Harbor Field (southeast of Baltimore at ). The Official Airline Guide for April 1957 shows 52 weekday departures: 19 Eastern, 12 Capital, 8 American, 4 National, 3 TWA, 3 United, 2 Delta and 1 Allegheny. Miami had a couple of nonstops, but westward nonstop flights didn't reach beyond Ohio; Baltimore's reach expanded when jet service started in 195859. The early Boeing 707s and Douglas DC-8s could not use Washington National, and Dulles did not exist until 1962, so Baltimore became Washington's jet airport, with transcontinental flights.
The State of Maryland, through the Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT), purchased Friendship International Airport from the City of Baltimore for $36 million in 1972. Under MDOT, the Maryland State Aviation Administration took over airfield operations and grew from three employees to more than 200. Plans to upgrade, improve, and modernize all Maryland airport facilities were announced almost immediately by the Secretary of Transportation, Harry Hughes. To attract passengers from the Washington area, the airport was renamed Baltimore/Washington International Airport in 1973.
The first phase of BWI modernization was completed in 1974 at a cost of $30 million. Upgrades included improved instrument landing capabilities and runway systems, and construction of three new air cargo terminals, expanding the airport's freight capacity to 2.53 acres (1.02 ha).
The passenger terminal renovation program was complete in 1979, the most dramatic work of the airport's modernization, which was designed by DMJM along with Peterson & Brickbauer. The BWI terminal more than doubled in size to 14.58 acres (59,000 m2); the number of gate positions increased from 20 to 27. The total cost of project was $70 million. To continue the work, the BWI Development Council was established to support initiatives for airport development.
The BWI Rail Station opened in 1980, providing a rail connection to passengers on the busy Northeast Corridor though Amtrak. BWI became the first airport in the U.S. to be served by a dedicated intercity rail station. In particular, the station provided relatively easy transit access to Washington, D.C., something Washington Dulles International Airport currently lacks. In 1997, a new international terminal (Concourse E), designed by STV Group and William Nicholas Bodouva & Associates, was added, though Dulles continues to hold the lion's share of the region's international flights, and BWI has not attracted many long-haul international carriers. British Airways has had a presence at BWI for many years. AerLingus, Air Jamaica, Air Aruba, Air Greenland, El Al, Ghana Airways, Icelandair, KLM, Ladeco, and Mexicana previously flew to BWI. Military flights, operated by the U.S. Air Force's Air Mobility Command, continue to have a significant presence at BWI.
Beginning in the 1980s, and later for much of the 1990s, BWI was a major hub for Piedmont Airlines and successor US Airways, but that airline's financial difficulties in the wake of the dot-com bust, the September 11 attacks, and intense low fare competition forced it to significantly reduce its presence at the airport. The airport has been a major haven for low-cost flights in the Baltimore/Washington Metropolitan Area since Southwest Airlines' arrival in September 1993 and subsequent expansion in the early 2000s. Southwest is the airport's largest carrier, accounting for 56.12% of passengers carried in 2011. Along with subsidiary AirTran Airways, Southwest Holdings currently serves on average 245 daily departures to destinations in the US, Mexico and the Caribbean.
To accommodate Southwest's extensive presence at the airport, in 2005 Concourses A and B were expanded, renovated, and integrated with one another to house all of that airline's operations there. This new facility, designed by URS Corporation, opened on May 22, 2005. On October 1 of that year, the airport was renamed again, to Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, to honor the former US Supreme Court justice, who grew up in Baltimore.
In late 2008, Health magazine named BWI the second healthiest airport in the United States. In 2009 the airport had a six percent increase in air travelers due to the proliferation of discount flights. In a 2009 survey of airport service quality by Airports Council International, BWI was the world's top ranking airport in the 15-to-25-million-passenger category. BWI also ranked seventh, in medium sized airports, based on customer satisfaction conducted by J.D Power and Associates.
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport has five concourses, though Concourses A and B were essentially merged into a single concourse in the renovations completed in 2005. The Maryland Aviation Administration has its headquarters on the third floor of the terminal building.
Concourses A and B have 26 gates: A1 to A11 and B1 to B15.
Southwest Airlines is the only tenant of Concourses A and both Southwest Airlines and AirTran Airways share concourse B.
Concourse C has 14 gates: C1 to C14.
The tenants of the concourse are AirTran Airways, American Airlines, Southwest Airlines and Spirit Airlines. Concourse C is connected to concourses A/B by a secure connector.
Concourse D has 38 gates: D1 to D5, D7, D8, D10 to D16, D21 to D42, D46, and D47.
It serves Delta Air Lines, JetBlue, US Airways and United Airlines. The far end of Concourse D is built at ground level to serve small regional planes. Gates D30-D35 are blocked off to passengers with a temporary wall.
Concourse E has 6 gates: E1 to E4, E6 and E8.
Officially known as the Governor William Donald Schaefer International Terminal, it serves Air Canada Express, AirTran Airways (international arrivals that are not pre-cleared), British Airways, and Condor Flugdienst. All international arrivals from non pre-cleared destinations and all charter airlines are handled at Concourse E. The Air Mobility Command has a post in Concourse E flying active service troops out to worldwide destinations.
The airport's cargo concourse covers a 395,000 sq ft (36,700 m2) area. Its facilities include a 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2) cargo building in the Midfield Cargo Complex, a foreign trade zone, a 17 acres (6.9 ha) air cargo ramp, and ramp parking for 17 aircraft with direct nose-in access for 8 freighters.
Current plans for airport improvements involve a $100 million expansion in the 60-year-old central section of the terminal. This involves a widening of Concourse C to accommodate new security screening equipment, adding a connecting corridor with moving sidewalks between the secure zones of Concourses B and C, and more security checkpoints for Concourse C. In addition, Concourse C will be given the level of amenities found at the A and B concourses in approximately 8,500 square feet of new food and retail space. Once complete, Southwest Airlines and AirTran Airways will occupy all of concourses A, B and C. On June 11, 2012, BWI began construction renovating and expanding Concourse C. Completion of the project is expected in the summer of 2013. On April 30, 2013, the airport opened the new concourse C security checkpoint, with nine security lanes, the most at the airport, as well as a new concourse A/B-C connector. 
|Air Canada Express operated by Jazz Air||Toronto-Pearson||E|
|AirTran Airways operated by Southwest Airlines||Aruba, Atlanta, Boston, Cancún, Dayton, Fort Lauderdale, Grand Rapids (ends August 10, 2013), Memphis (begins August 11, 2013), Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Punta Cana, San Juan (ends June 1, 2013), Tampa
Seasonal: Bermuda, Las Vegas
|B, C, E|
|Apple Vacations operated by
|Seasonal: Punta Cana||E|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||C|
|American Eagle||Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK||C|
|Condor Flugdienst||Seasonal: Frankfurt||E|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City||D|
|Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Cincinnati, Raleigh/Durham||D|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Detriot, Minneapolis/St. Paul||D|
|Delta Connection operated by ExpressJet||Cincinnati, Detroit||D|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Cincinnati, Detroit, New York-JFK, Minneapolis/St. Paul||D|
|Southwest Airlines||Albany, Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Denver, Detroit, Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids (begins August 11, 2013), Greenville/Spartanburg, Hartford/Springfield, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Jackson (ends August 10, 2013), Jacksonville, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Long Island/Islip, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Orlando, Panama City (FL), Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Juan (begins June 2, 2013), Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, West Palm Beach
|Spirit Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, San Francisco||D|
|United Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Cleveland||D|
|United Express operated by CommutAir||Cleveland, Newark||D|
|United Express operated by ExpressJet||Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Newark||D|
|United Express operated by Republic Airlines||Newark||D|
|United Express operated by GoJet Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare||D|
|US Airways||Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix||D|
|US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin||Philadelphia||D|
|US Airways Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Philadelphia||D|
|US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines||Philadelphia||D|
|US Airways Express operated by PSA Airlines||Philadelphia||D|
|US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines||Philadelphia||D|
|Atlas Air||Charters (Domestic and International)||E|
|North American Airlines||Charters (Domestic and International)||E|
|Omni Air International||Charters (Domestic and International)||E|
|World Airways||Charters (Domestic and International)||E|
|ABX Air||Cincinnati, Greensboro||Cargo|
|Air Transport International||Charlotte, Toledo||Cargo|
|FedEx Express||Indianapolis, Memphis||Cargo|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Mountain Air Cargo||Newark, Salisbury||Cargo|
|UPS Airlines||Louisville, New York-JFK||Cargo|
|World Airways Cargo||Chicago-O'Hare, Los Angeles, Milan, Ostend, Ramstein||Cargo|
With winds from the north or west, aircraft will generally land on runway 33L and depart on runway 28. When the winds are from the south or east, arrivals are on runway 10 and departures are on runway 15R. Use of the smaller parallel runway (33R/15L) is restricted to smaller propeller-driven aircraft and small corporate jets. Runway 4/22 is closed for landings and takeoffs; however it is used for taxing and turnoffs. The largest planes that land at BWI regularly are Boeing 757s, McDonnell Douglas MD-11s, and Boeing 767s. Because of the many cargo and charter operations at BWI, it's common to see one or two Boeing 747's or Airbus A330's on a daily basis as well. Runway 10/28 will be closed for a 60-day period beginning August 20, 2012 to update and implement safety requirement established by the Federal Aviation Administration.
For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2011, the airport had 276,133 aircraft operations, an average of 757 per day: 93% air carrier, 6% general aviation and less than 1% military operations. In 2009, there were 75 aircraft based at the airport: 45 single engine, 19 multi-engine, and 11 jets.
Southwest Airlines, including its subsidiary AirTran Airways, represents approximately 72% of passengers followed by Delta Air Lines at 6%.
BWI is currently the busiest airport within the BaltimoreWashington area with 11,067,317 boardings in 2011. This is ahead of Dulles International Airport at 11,043,829 enplanements and in front of Ronald Reagan National Airport with 9,053,004 enplanements. BWI serves the most domestic passengers in the BaltimoreWashington area while Dulles serves more international passengers.
|1||Atlanta, Georgia||806,000||AirTran, Delta, Southwest|
|2||Boston, Massachusetts||523,000||AirTran, JetBlue, Southwest|
|3||Charlotte, North Carolina||496,000||AirTran, US Airways|
|4||Orlando, Florida||459,000||AirTran, Southwest|
|5||Detroit, Michigan||350,000||Delta, Southwest|
|6||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||340,000||AirTran, Southwest|
|7||Providence, Rhode Island||309,000||Southwest|
|8||Tampa, Florida||303,000||AirTran, Southwest|
|9||Denver, Colorado||281,000||Southwest, United|
|10||Manchester, New Hampshire||276,000||Southwest|
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Aircraft operations||Cargo
Bus service between BWI and the Greenbelt station of the Washington Metro and MARC Camden Line is provided by WMATA's Metrobus on Route B30 every 40 minutes 6am-10pm weekdays and 9am-10pm on weekends. Fare is $6.00.
The Maryland Transit Administration's Bus Route 17 serves BWI 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. During the hours when the Light Rail operates, buses operate to the Patapsco Light Rail Stop. When the Light Rail is not in service, buses operate to Downtown Baltimore.
MTA Commuter Bus route 201 connects BWI with Arundel Mills, Burtonsville, Norbeck, Shady Grove station, and Gaithersburg. Buses operate once an hour (4am-6pm eastbound, 5am-11pm westbound), seven days a week. Fare is $5.00.
BWI Rail Station is located about a mile from the airport terminal; a free shuttle bus connects the train station and airport terminals. The station is served by Amtrak Northeast Corridor trains and, on weekdays, by the MARC Penn Line. Travel time by train is about ten minutes to Baltimore's Penn Station and thirty-five minutes to Union Station in Washington, D.C. Trains depart at least once an hour seven days a week, with departure times during rush hours and business hours being significantly more frequent.
The Maryland Transit Administration's Light Rail line has a stop just outside the entrance to the airport's International Terminal. Passengers can take the Light Rail to a variety of destinations in Anne Arundel County, Baltimore City, and Baltimore County, and can transfer to the Metro Subway in Baltimore, or to either of MARC's Baltimore terminals. A ride downtown takes approximately 30 minutes. Trains run every 20 minutes during peak hours, and 30 minutes all other times.
In June 2007, the Maryland Department of Transportation, at the request of the Maryland General Assembly in 2006, commissioned a report on a proposal to extend the Washington Metro Green Line, from its current terminus at Greenbelt, through Howard County and to BWI Marshall.
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