Birmingham Airport (IATA: BHX, ICAO: EGBB), formerly Birmingham International Airport is an airport located 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east southeast of Birmingham city centre, at Bickenhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull within the West Midlands, England. The airport is a base for Flybe, Monarch, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways.
The airport offers both domestic flights within the UK, and international flights to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Pakistan, North America and the Caribbean. After handling a record 9.6 million passengers in 2008, passenger numbers declined to around 8.9 million in 2012, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport.
Birmingham has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P451) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.
Birmingham Airport is 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east-south-east of Birmingham city centre, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It is bordered by the National Exhibition Centre to the east, Marston Green to the north, Sheldon to the west, and the village of Bickenhill to the south.
It is primarily served by the A45 main road, and is near Junction 6 of the M42 motorway. It is connected by the elevated AirRail Link with Birmingham International railway station on the West Coast Main Line.
The airport's location south-east of the city, plus the only operational runway being north-west - south-east (15/33), means that depending on wind direction, aircraft land or take-off directly over Birmingham. The relatively short north-east - south-west runway (06/24) is not operational, and has been incorporated into the taxiway for aircraft departing the end of runway 33, or gaining access to runway 15.
As the airport is in the Borough of Solihull, all planning applications are reviewed by Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council which is run separately from Birmingham City Council. Due to this, Birmingham has little or no control over planning permission for Birmingham Airport's expansion plans.
1920s to 1939 
World War II 
- World War II: The airport was requisitioned by the Air Ministry and was used by the RAF and the Royal Navy as an Elementary Flying School and a base for the Fleet Air Arm. During this time, the original grass strip was replaced by two hard runways: 06/24 at 2,469 feet (753 m) and 15/33 at 4,170 feet (1,271 m). Avro Lancaster and Stirling bombers manufactured at the Austin Aero Company's shadow factory at Cofton Hackett could not take off from the short runways at Longbridge. Instead they were transported by road, minus the wings that would be attached at Elmdon. They were test flown from the aerodrome, and once declared airworthy they were flown to their operational units.
- 8 July 1946: The aerodrome returned to civilian use, though still under government control.
During the post-war years, public events, such as air fairs and air races were held on the site.
- 1 January 1960: The City of Birmingham took over responsibility again.
- 1 April 1960: The City of Birmingham assumed full responsibility.
- 1961: An additional terminal building to handle international traffic was opened, called The International Building.
- 1967: The main runway was extended to 7,400 feet (1.4 miles) to allow jet operations, including introducing VC-10 services to New York.
- 1970: The Birmingham Corporation Act 1970 gave the corporation the power to attest constables for the airport, creating the Birmingham Airport Police.
- 1974: Ownership of the airport passed to the newly-formed West Midlands County Council.
1980s - 2000 
- 4 April 1984: The current airport was first used. A new terminal was opened on the east side of the runway adjacent to the Birmingham International railway station and the National Exhibition Centre, able to handle three million passengers a year.
- 30 May 1984: Queen Elizabeth II opened it.
- It included a Maglev Airport Rapid Transit system, running between the airport and Birmingham International railway station on a 600-metre (1,969 ft) track, was closed due to high cost and problems sourcing parts.
- The original Art Deco 1939 terminal and control tower are still visible and are in use as aviation related offices, near hangars to the west of the runway.
- 1985: Take Off, a sculpture by the Polish artist Walenty Pytel, was set up, on a roundabout on the approach road. It is 1.4 m (4.6 ft) tall. The unpolished steel sculpture was designed to commemorate 40 years of peace in Europe.
- 1986: Ownership of the Airport transferred to the newly formed West Midlands Joint Airport Committee, comprising the seven West Midlands district councils. Shortly after this, the Airports Act 1986 was introduced, requiring municipal airports with turnover greater than £1m to become Public Airport Companies.
- 1 April 1987: Ownership of the airport was transferred to Birmingham International Airport plc, although still owned by the seven West Midlands district councils.
- 26 July 1991: A second terminal, "Eurohub", opened (with Concorde in attendance), more than doubling the airport's capacity. This second terminal was designed for the use of British Airways and its partners as part of a "hub and spoke" system whereby aircraft would arrive in waves from domestic and European destinations and allowed easy transfers so that a passenger from, say Edinburgh, could connect to a range of European destinations. During the 1980s and 1990s, British Airways also operated a service to New York-JFK, and for a short time Toronto-Pearson as well.
- 1993: The Government limited public sector borrowing. This meant that the airport could only expand by using private sector finance. 51% of the local authority shares were sold to restructure the airport into a private sector company, enabling a £260 million restructuring programme to begin in 1997.
- 1995: The Maglev Airport Rapid Transit system was closed due to high cost and problems sourcing parts.
2000 to 2010 
- 3 March 2000: The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh officially opened the £40 million redevelopment of the airport. The redevelopment introduced a new customs and immigration hall, twelve new shops, a new baggage reclaim area, a new arrivals concourse, a new pier with three air bridges, sixteen new check-in desks, and linked Terminal One with Terminal Two (previously "Eurohub") for the first time. Following on from this, a total of £18 million was spent on a replacement for the Maglev; the AirRail Link people mover, which was the first in the world to be used at an airport. Along with this, the public transport interchange was built to extend Birmingham International railway station for airport users. This has since been named Birmingham International Interchange.
- 2000: Pakistan International Airlines launched a new twice weekly service linking Birmingham and Karachi via Copenhagen (due to runway limitations at Birmingham). A year later, the service was made direct following the downgrade of aircraft. Currently, Pakistan International Airlines links Islamabad and Birmingham and is a direct four-weekly service.
- 2000: Emirates launched a new service to Dubai, eventually going twice daily in 2005.
- 2002: American Airlines's daily service to Chicago O'Hare was axed due to business executives not using the service enough. In 2012, it was stated that the city council were vying to secure a new service to Chicago.
- 20 October 2003: Concorde made her final visit to Birmingham Airport on as part of her farewell tour.
- 2003: Pakistan International Airlines launched a new twice-weekly service linking Birmingham with Islamabad and Chicago, after a similar service linking Birmingham with Lahore and Toronto which initiated two years before. Both links were axed in early 2004 and re-routed through Manchester after deliveries of larger aircraft.
- 2005: Air India launched a new service linking Birmingham with Amritsar and Toronto.
- July 2007: Birmingham was voted the best airport in Europe in the 5 million to 10 million passengers per year category.
- 2008: Air India's Birmingham link was axed and re-routed through London Heathrow Airport in order to protect the airline's valuable Heathrow slots.
- January 2008: The shorter runway (06/24) was decommissioned. It had been used with less frequency due to its short length, noise impact, and its inconvenient position crossing the main runway making it uneconomic to continue operation. The closure also allowed for apron expansion on both sides of the remaining runway.
- 2009: US Airways launched a seasonal service to Philadelphia. However, due to the global economic crisis, the route was later suspended and did not return for another year despite high load factors.
New international pier 
- June 2008: Work began on building the new International Pier. It was officially opened on 9 September 2009. As part of the airport's 70th anniversary, the airport welcomed the Airbus A380 as the first user of the pier. The special service was the first commercial A380 flight in the UK to take place outside London Heathrow Airport.
- The new pier is a three-storey construction, 240 metres long and 24 metres wide. Departing passengers will be accommodated on the top level, with arriving passengers on the middle level and office accommodation for airline and handling agents on the ground floor.
- The new facility provides air-bridged aircraft parking for seven wide-bodied aircraft and enough space to serve 13 smaller aircraft at any given time and is capable of accommodating 'next generation' environmentally-efficient wide-bodied aircraft such as the Airbus A380, Airbus A350 and the Boeing 787 'Dreamliner' as well as the larger aircraft types such as the Boeing 777 which currently serves the airport daily. The new pier also hosts a new lounge for business class Emirates passengers.
Passenger fees and charges 
- 2009: The airport introduced charges for passengers using its luggage trolleys. Passengers now pay a non-refundable charge of £1/2 for the use of a baggage trolley with payment accepted in coins or by card. The airport explained that the provision of a free bus service should reduce demand for trolleys.
2010 - present 
Terminal redevelopment 
- January 2010: Birmingham International Airport announced they were to spend £13 million on merging Terminals 1 & 2 together. The merger is hoped to "improve passenger flows and operational efficiency, as well as creating a larger centralised passenger security search area, an enlarged meeting and greeting arrivals point, and an improved shopping and catering offer in both landside and airside areas."
- During the merging, the four security control rooms are being merged into one in a £1.5 million scheme. The airport Information Desk will close.
- The development of Terminal 1 saw improvements made to the International Pier and will see a new satellite pier to the north of the terminals. The masterplan also details the need for a third terminal. The planned extension to the main runway will also require a new control tower to be constructed.
- February 2011: This new development was completed
- 13 May 2011: It was officially opened.
- Qatar Airways have confirmed plans to add Birmingham to their network once new aircraft are delivered.
- In November 2012, it was announced that a new, state-of-the-art aircraft maintenance facility was to be built at the airport. The new 110,000 sq ft (10,000 m2) facility is due to be complete and operational by the end of 2013 and will have the capacity for the Boeing 787 aircraft and also have sufficient room for the Boeing 777, Boeing 747 and the Airbus A350. The facility for Monarch Aircraft Engineering will create up to 300 jobs and will provide services for other airlines as well as Monarch Airlines.
- In November 2012, the work on the extension of the runway began. Ground works are currently being carried out. The current runway is to be resurfaced as well. It should be completed by the end of 2013 and be fully operational by early 2014. The new runway will give the airport unlimited range and should bring new airlines and routes to the airport.
- Air India have suggested new flights out of Birmingham starting August 2013.
The airport has published a master plan for its development up to 2030, called "Towards 2030: Planning a Sustainable Future for Air Transport in the Midlands". This sets out details of changes to the terminals, airfield layout and off-site infrastructure. As with all large scale plans, the proposals are controversial, with opposition from environmentalists and local residents. In particular the requirement for a second parallel runway based on projected demand was disputed by opponents.
It was announced in September 2007 that plans for a second runway had been scrapped but plans to build another terminal and increase runway capacity would go ahead with works expected to finish in 2012. It was estimated that 15 million passengers will use the airport upon completion.
Runway extension 
The first major element is an extension to the runway, the only airport in the UK to have gained planning consent for such work. Originally, the target for completion was in time for the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics. However, work began in late 2012, with a target date to be fully operational by early 2014.
The extension will increase the runway length from the present 2,605 m (8,547 ft) to 3,000 m (9,843 ft), as well as including a starter strip to provide a maximum takeoff run of 3,050 m (10,007 ft). The airport owners believe there is likely to be sufficient demand for long-range direct services operated by aircraft whose operations are constrained by the current runway length. The present runway length is short for an airport with Birmingham's passenger throughput and range of destinations, and limits aircraft to destinations on the east coast or in the midwest of North America, in the Gulf and Middle East, or on the South Asian subcontinent.
Plans for the extension of the airport runway and the construction of a new air traffic control tower were submitted to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council in January 2008 and approved in March 2009. The construction of the runway extension and a new air traffic control tower began in March 2011. The extension to the southern end of the runway originally required the A45 Coventry Road to be diverted into a tunnel under the extended section, but to cut costs, it will be diverted to the south of the runway instead.
Taxiways will be further improved to allow for terminal expansion and to improve runway occupancy rates. A new turn off was completed in June 2006 and saw an improvement in traffic rates on southerly operations, where the only available option for landing traffic had been to travel to the end of the runway to exit.
New control tower 
Building a new control tower for the airport began in July 2011, to replace the old tower which has stood at the airport since it was opened in 1939. The tower was completed in March 2012. As soon as the equipment is installed, testing and training should begin in summer 2012. The tower will be fully operational by summer 2013. An Olympic ceremony was held at the airport on 23 April 2012, the Olympic rings were unveiled on the tower and could be seen from the A45 road and the main terminal building. This was to commemorate the build-up to the London 2012 Olympic games. These rings have now been removed as the games are officially over.
Airport rebrand 
In September 2010 an announcement was made that following the merging of Terminals 1 & 2 in 2011, the airport would drop the International from its official name to become Birmingham Airport. A Midlands based marketing agency was recruited to "create a new corporate identity that reflects [Birmingham Airport's] current position in the market place, as well as its future potential". Figures from Birmingham Airport show that 8 million people live within a one hour's drive of the airport, but less than 40% of them use it. It is hoped that the rebrand will make the airport "more visible to the market". However, the new name was used from November 2010. The new logo, interlocking circles in shades of blue, and slogan, "Hello World", were designed to reflect the airport's new positioning as a global travel hub.
High Speed Two 
As part of the proposed High Speed Two rail link, a new railway station called Birmingham Interchange would be built to serve the both airport and the National Exhibition Centre. The station would be built on the far side of the M42 motorway and connect to the airport using a "rapid transit people mover". If the project is given the go ahead, High Speed Two is currently planned for completion by 2026.
On 23 February 2011, it was reported that Birmingham Airport had announced the HS2 extension could be a solution to runway capacity problems in London, citing that will be quicker to get to London from Birmingham than from London Stansted once completed and claimed that the airport had capacity for nine million more passengers.
Public transport 
Birmingham Airport is served by Birmingham International station. The station is on the West Coast Main Line between Birmingham and London. London Midland and Virgin Trains operate from Birmingham New Street station to Birmingham International station approximately every 10 minutes (during the day time), with a journey time of 10 to 15 minutes. There are three services per hour to and from London Euston, the journey time being around 70 minutes. Access between the railway station and the airport terminal is provided by the free AirRail Link.
Bus and coach 
National Express West Midlands operates the main bus routes calling at Birmingham Airport, those being the 900 to Birmingham city centre and Coventry, and the 966 to Erdington and Solihull. Additionally service 97 to Birmingham via Chelmsley Wood now runs to the airport 24hrs a day. Other smaller operators also call at the airport. Bus stops are situated outside Terminal One. Most buses are operated by National Express West Midlands, who do not give change when selling tickets, so foreign travellers will need to ensure they have British coins when taking a local bus.
National Express Coaches operate various long distance coaches calling at Birmingham Airport on the way to or from Birmingham Coach Station, such as the 777 and the 422.
Black cabs are available at the taxi-rank outside the arrivals area of the terminals.
Birmingham Airport is accessible from the north and south via Junction Six of the M42 motorway. From Birmingham city centre, the A45 runs directly to the airport. There are no pick-up or drop-off areas available outside the terminal. Instead, there is a "Drop & Go" car park outside the terminals for which there is a charge of £1 for 10 minutes, plus another £1 for each subsequent 10 minutes. Alternatively, the first 15 minutes parking in Long Stay 1 is free. The airport offers short and medium stay car parks close to the terminal, and long stay car parks with a free bus service to the terminal. The airport suggests using Short/Medium car parks 1/2/3 for arrivals.
Birmingham Airport is the location of six global car-hire firms with a dedicated return and collect car park near to the terminals.
The only cycle route available heads south over the A45 travelling towards Solihull. Birmingham Airport have however published "recommended routes" for cyclists. Free short term cycle parking is available close to Terminal One. For longer stays, bikes are required to be stored in Left Luggage for a charge.
Airlines and destinations 
|Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Aer Arann
|Cork, Dublin (resumes 1 June 2013), Knock, Shannon
||Charter: Hannover, Paderborn
||Paris-Charles de Gaulle
||Delhi (Resumes August 2013)
||Seasonal: Bourgas, Varna
||Billund (begins 3 June 2013), Gothenburg-Landvetter, Lyon, Toulouse
operated by Flybe
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Geneva, Grenoble
||Charter Seasonal: Dalaman (resumes 25 May 2013)
||Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Guernsey, Hanover, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart, Waterford
Seasonal: Avignon, Bergerac, Brest, Chambéry, Dubrovnik, Geneva, Innsbruck, Kittila, La Rochelle, Lleida, Perpignan, Salzburg, Turin
||Berlin Tegel (begins 27 October 2013), Hamburg (begins 29 January 2014)
||Berlin Tegel (ends 26 October 2013), Frankfurt
operated by Eurowings
|Düsseldorf, Hamburg (ends 28 January 2014)
operated by Lufthansa Cityline
||Alicante, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gibraltar, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Málaga, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería, Barcelona, Bodrum, Bordeaux (begins 22 May 2013), Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Minorca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Split (begins 22 May 2013), Venice-Marco Polo
Charter Seasonal: Chania, Corfu, Geneva, Kefalonia, Preveza, Rhodes, Zakynthos
|Pakistan International Airlines
||Alicante, Barcelona, Bratislava, Bydgoszcz, Derry, Dublin, Faro, Fuerteventura, Girona, Gran Canaria, Katowice, Kraków, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Milan-Bergamo, Palma de Mallorca, Rzeszów, Tenerife-South
Seasonal Gdansk, Ibiza, Kaunas, Montpellier, Murcia, Perpignan, Reus, Trieste
|Small Planet Airlines
||Charter Seasonal: Skiathos (begins 14 June 2013)
|Swiss International Air Lines
|Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
|Thomas Cook Airlines
||Alicante, Antalya, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Malaga, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería, Banjul, Bodrum, Bourgas, Corfu, Enfidha, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Izmir, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Zakynthos
||Alicante, Barbados, Cancún, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria Funchal, Lanzarote, Hurghada, Málaga, Malta, Montego Bay-Sangster, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Sal, Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería (begins 4 May 2014), Antalya, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Bourgas, Catania (begins 1 June 2014), Chambéry, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enontekiö, Faro, Geneva, Gerona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Marrakech, Menorca, Naples, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Sofia, Verona, Zakynthos
|Travel Service Airlines
||Charter Seasonal: Heraklion, Larnaca, Paphos
Accidents and incidents 
- 4 January 2002A Bombardier-CL604 business jet crashed on take-off from runway 15 at Birmingham. The aircraft with registration N90AG was on lease by AGCO corporation and was carrying two company executives, two pilots and an observer. After arriving from Palm Beach International Airport the previous evening, the aircraft was parked overnight at Birmingham where ice formed on the wings due to the cold weather conditions. The following morning the pilots did not request de-icing of the aircraft before their flight to Bangor Airport in Maine. The ice on the wings caused one wing to dip on take off, the aircraft inverted, crashed into grass beside the runway and caught fire. There were no survivors. Sleeping pills taken by both pilots the night before the crash are thought to have been a factor in reducing the pilots' judgment.
- 23 February 2006Mahan Air Airbus A310 operating a flight from Tehran, Iran, was involved in a serious incident while on approach to Birmingham International Airport. The aircraft descended to the published minimum descent altitude of 740 ft despite still being 11 nm from the runway threshold. At a point 6 nm from the runway the aircraft had descended to an altitude of 660 ft, which was 164 ft above ground level. Having noticed the descent profile, Birmingham Air Traffic Control issued an immediate climb instruction to the aircraft, however, the crew had already commenced a missed approach, having received a GPWS alert. The aircraft was radar vectored for a second approach during which the flight crew again initiated an early descent. On this occasion, the radar controller instructed the crew to maintain their altitude and the crew successfully completed the approach to a safe landing. The accident investigation determined that the primary cause was use of the incorrect DME for the approach, combined with a substantial breakdown in Crew Resource Management. Three safety recommendations were made.
- 15 June 2006A TNT Airways cargo 737-300 made an emergency landing at Birmingham with damaged landing gear. The aircraft, registration OO-TND, had been flying from Liege in Belgium to Stansted. Due to poor visibility at Stansted the flight diverted to East Midlands Airport. As the weather at East Midlands was also poor, the aircraft performed a full autopilot approach. During this approach the autopilot momentarily disengaged causing it to deviate from the course. The aircraft hit the grass to the side of the runway, which caused the right main gear to detach. The crew initiated a go-around, declared an emergency and diverted to Birmingham. After it landed on Birmingham's main runway, the airport was closed for a number of hours. The pilots were unharmed. However, the company ascribed the incident to human error and both pilots were dismissed. The official report into the accident highlighted a number of factors contributing to the accident - poor weather forecast information; a message passed from Air Traffic Control to the aircraft at an "inappropriate" time; the pilot accidentally disconnecting the autopilot when attempting to respond to the message; the pilot losing "situational awareness" and failing to abort the landing.
- 19 November 2010A Cessna Citation aircraft, registration G-VUEM, crashed at Birmingham Airport during final approach in thick fog. Reports from West Midlands Police were that there were two casualties, one critical. The aircraft was bringing a human liver from Belfast airport, for a transplant operation which was subsequently completed successfully. The airport reopened at around mid-day the following day.
Security incidents 
- 6 June 2007The Tonight with Trevor McDonald programme exposed serious security flaws at Birmingham Airport over a six-month period. Fifteen members of staff working for the security contractor "ICTS UK Ltd" were suspended and subsequently sacked for gross misconduct. Members of security were filmed asleep on duty, reading magazines whilst operating x-ray scanners, leaving aircraft unguarded, and ignoring bags sent for extra security checks, as well as being understaffed. The security lapse was deemed so serious, that it was commented upon in the United States Congress by Bennie Thompson, the chairman of the US Congress Homeland Security Committee, who advised that all flights to and from Birmingham Airport should cease. Despite sacking the members of staff in the programme for their actions, ICTS still claimed that the footage had been "contrived to exaggerate and sensationalise" the issues.
- 8 June 2009The West Midlands Police helicopter (G-WMAO) was destroyed by arsonists, and subsequently written off. A year later, a new Eurocopter EC135 similar to G-WMAO was handed over to West Midlands Police at the Farnborough Airshow. Thousands of pounds have now been spent upgrading security surrounding the new police helicopter.
- 14 February 2010A faulty Archway Metal Detector (AMD) was switched off in Terminal 2 and not switched back on again, allowing hundreds of passengers to pass through unchecked. The "serious failure" was not spotted until police officers wearing metal equipment passed through and the AMDs did not sound. Birmingham Airport commented that a full and thorough investigation was under way.
Passenger numbers 
Birmingham handled a record 9.6 million passengers in 2008, and 8.9 million passengers used the airport in 2012, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport.
Birmingham Airport Passenger Totals 1997-2012 (millions)
|Updated: 17 March 2013.
||Number of Passengers
||Number of Movements
|Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority
Route statistics 
Busiest routes to and from Birmingham Airport (2012)
|| % Change
2011 / 12
|| Paris-Charles de Gaulle
|| Tenerife South
|| Palma de Mallorca
|| Glasgow International
|| Gran Canaria
See also 
- ^ Birmingham - EGBB
- ^ a b c d e f CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
- ^ "We're Saying 'Hello World' As We Relaunch Our Brand". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ Birmingham Airport in Solihull
- ^ "Planning Application made to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council (MBC)". BHX.
- ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?saddr=b26+3qj&hl=en&ll=52.45397,-1.734638&spn=0.042524,0.111494&sll=52.966838,-2.136841&sspn=1.255536,2.463684&geocode=FX5UIAMdU3Ll_yk7oWPg3rBwSDEak9TBX8Gc9Q&mra=ls&t=m&z=14
- ^ "BIRMINGHAM - British Pathe". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- ^ a b "The History of Birmingham International Airport". Birmingham International Airport. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ The Aeroplane and Astronautics. Temple Press. 1959. p. 252.
- ^ 
- ^ a b Vladimir Zakian (2005). Control Systems Design: A New Framework. Springer. p. 328. ISBN 1-85233-913-6.
- ^ Noszlopy, George Thomas; Jeremy Beach (1998). Public Sculpture of Birmingham. Liverpool University Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-85323-692-5.
- ^ "More long haul flights are ready for take-off.". Birmingham Post. 24 March 2000.
- ^ "American Airlines stops BIA flights to Chicago.". Birmingham Post. 20 July 2002.
- ^ "Birmingham Airport Award". Airports Council International. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- ^ "Blow for business as Air India halts flights from Birmingham". Birmingham Post. September 2008.
- ^ "Birmingham International Airport".
- ^ "City airport opens new flight to US". Birmingham Mail. 13 May 2009.
- ^ "US Airways cancels Birmingham Airport to Philadelphia route". Birmingham Post. 25 November 2009.
- ^ "Emirates opens £1,3 million lounge for passengers at Birmingham". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ "Baggage Trolleys". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "Birmingham Airport announces plans to merge two terminals". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ "Information desk will close with 25 job losses". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ http://www.businesstraveller.com/news/qatar-airways-confirms-birmingham-flights
- ^ "Monarch Aircraft Engineering (MAEL) Fuels Further Growth With New State-of-the-art Facility at Birmingham Airport". Birmingham Airport. 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- ^ a b "Birmingham Airport runway extension work starts". BBC News Online. 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- ^ http://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/air-india-to-resume-dreamliner-flights-today/article4714535.ece
- ^ "Birmingham Airport Master Plan". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ a b "Birmingham Airport changes name". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ "Preferred Contractor Announced for Runway Extension Scheme".
- ^ Birmingham Airport Runway Planning Notice
- ^ "runway scheme back on track". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ "New Agency to Manage Rebrand Announced". birminghamairport.com.
- ^ "Birmingham Airport (home page)". Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- ^ Communicate magazine Birmingham Airport says 'Hello' to a new identity, Communicate magazine, November 2010
- ^ "High Speed Rail Command Paper". DfT.
- ^ "HS2 'will bring Birmingham Airport closer to London'". BBC News. 23 February 2011.
- ^ "Birmingham International Station". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "Network West Midlands". Route 97.
- ^ "Coach or Bus". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ http://nxbus.co.uk/west-midlands/tickets-prices/cash-fares
- ^ "Car Parking". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "Car Parking". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "Car Hire". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "recommended cycle routes". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "By Bike". Birmingham Airport.
- ^ "AAIB Report on N90AG accident"
- ^ "Report on the serious incident to Airbus A310-304, registration F-OJHI, on approach to Birmingham International Airport on 23 February 2006". UK AAIB. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- ^ "AAIB Report on OO=TND incident"
- ^ "Aviation safety network summary of TNT accident"
- ^ "BBC News article, 27 July 2006 - Cargo plane crash pilots sacked"
- ^ "Cargo flight 'a near catastrophe'". BBC News Online. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ "Birmingham airport plane crash: Liver transplant operation goes ahead successfully - Top Stories - News - Birmingham Mail". Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- ^ "Airport at centre of security row". Birmingham Mail. 04-06-2007.
- ^ "AIRPORT SECURITY WHO WOULD RATHER READ SLEEP THAN X-RAY BAGS". The Express.
- ^ "Airport security lapses exposed". BBC News. 04-06-2007.
- ^ "Arson attack on police helicopter". BBC News. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ http://www.caa.co.uk/application.aspx?catid=60&pagetype=65&appid=1&mode=detailnosummary&fullregmark=WMAO
- ^ "west midlands police ready to take off with new chopper". Birmingham Mail. July 2010.
- ^ "Birmingham Airport investigates security breach after staff switched off metal detector". Birmingham Mail.
- ^ Number of Passengers including domestic, international and transit.
- ^ Number of Movements represents total takeoffs and landings during that year.
External links