|Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport
|IATA: CDG ICAO: LFPG|
|Owner/Operator||Aéroports de Paris|
|Location||25 km (16 mi) NE of Paris|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||392 ft / 119 m|
|Île-de-France region in France|
|Sources: AIP France, ACI|
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport Paris-Charles de Gaulle, IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), is one of the world's principal aviation centres, as well as France's largest airport. It is named after Charles de Gaulle (18901970), leader of the Free French Forces and founder of the French Fifth Republic. It is located within portions of several communes, 25 km (16 mi) to the northeast of Paris. The airport serves as the principal hub for Air France.
In 2012, the airport handled 61,556,202 passengers and 497,763 aircraft movements, making it the world's seventh busiest airport and Europe's second busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in passengers served. It also is the world's tenth busiest and Europe's busiest airport in aircraft movement. In cargo traffic, the airport is the fifth busiest in the world and the second busiest in Europe after Frankfurt Airport, having handled 2,087,952 metric tonnes of cargo in 2011. On 1 March 2011, Franck Goldnadel was appointed as the director of the airport.
Charles de Gaulle Airport extends over 32.38 km2 (12.50 sq mi) of land. The choice of this vast area was made based on the limited number of potential relocations and expropriations and the possibility to further expand the airport in the future. It straddles three départements and six communes:
The planning and construction phase of what was known then as Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris North Airport) began in 1966. On 8 March 1974 the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, opened. Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-floors-high circular building surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who was also in charge of the extensions during the following decades.
Until 2005, every PA announcement made at Terminal 1 was preceded by a distinctive chime, nicknamed "Indicatif Roissy" and composed by Bernard Parmegiani in 1971. The chime can be heard in the Roman Polanski film Frantic. Although the chime was officially replaced by the "Indicatif ADP" chime in late 2005 there recently have been unconfirmed reports that Indicatif Roissy has occasionally returned.
The Airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 is the oldest. Terminal 2 was originally built exclusively for Air France, since then it has been expanded significantly and now also hosts other airlines. The third terminal (T3, formerly T9) hosts charter and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL is a light-rail shuttle that links the terminals, railway station and parking lots. Started on 4 April 2007, the CDGVAL links all three terminals (except hall 2G). There is only a single station for Terminal 2, near the rail station, so the walk distance to the more distant halls 2A2B is more than 500 m (1,600 ft) (and both CDGVAL and bus are needed to reach 2G from Terminal 1).
The first terminal, designed by Paul Andreu, was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular central part housing central functions like check-in and baggage claim. Seven satellites which are connected to the central building by underground walkways contain the gates.
The central building, with a vast skylight in its centre, sees each floor dedicated to a single function. The first floor is reserved for the technical functions and is not accessible to the public. The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the passengers from the other terminals by the CDGVAL shuttle home and a part of the counters from a recent renovation. The majority of counters is located on the third floor, which also has the access to travel by taxi, bus and special vehicles. Departing travellers can reach the fourth floor, where duty-free stores and border control posts are, and access to satellite terminals in which will take place boarding tunnels passing under the tarmac. Travellers arriving in these same satellites follow a path to reach the fifth floor where baggage and customs are located, as well as the arrival area and exit areas. The four upper floors are reserved for parking or use of administration and the airlines.
The passage between the third, fourth and fifth floors is done through a tangle of escalators arranged in the centre of the building. These escalators are suspended over the central court. Each escalator is covered with a transparent tube for insulation. These escalators were often used in films (for example, in The Last Gang of Ariel Zeitoun). The Alan Parsons Project album I Robot features these escalators on its cover.
Andreu initially had envisaged building several terminals on this model. Nevertheless, the first years of operation identified several defects due to the original design of the building. While adequate for journeys originating or ending in Paris, the terminal is not very suitable as a hub since it cannot be expanded. Many passengers have been disappointed to have no view of planes from the main terminal, in contrast to the situation at the airport of Orly. It thus paved the way for a more traditional design for future terminals at CDG.
This consists of seven terminals: 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, and, at a distance of 800 m (0.5 mi), 2G. The first six are joined by ground-level or below-ground passageways. Terminal 2G is reached by bus. Terminal 2 has an RER and TGV station, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV, below the common area linking halls 2C2F.
Terminal 2E, with a daring design and wide open spaces, was CDG's newest addition. On 23 May 2004, not long after its inauguration, a portion of Terminal 2E's ceiling collapsed early in the day, near Gate E50, killing four people. Two of the dead were reported to be Chinese citizens and another a Czech. Three other people were injured in the collapse. Terminal 2E had been inaugurated in 2003 after some delays in construction and was designed by Paul Andreu. Administrative and judicial enquiries were started. Andreu also designed Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport, which collapsed while under construction on 28 September 2004.
Before this accident, ADP had been planning for an initial public offering in 2005 with the new terminal as a major attraction for investors. The partial collapse and indefinite closing of the terminal just before the beginning of summer seriously hurt the airport's business plan.
In February 2005, the results from the administrative inquiry were published. The experts pointed out that there was no single fault, but rather a number of causes for the collapse, in a design that had little margin for safety. The inquiry found the concrete vaulted roof was not resilient enough and had been pierced by metallic pillars and some openings weakened the structure. Sources close to the inquiry also disclosed that the whole building chain had worked as close to the limits as possible, so as to reduce costs. Paul Andreu denounced the building companies for having not correctly prepared the reinforced concrete.
On 17 March 2005, ADP decided to tear down and rebuild the whole part of Terminal 2E (the "jetty") of which a section had collapsed, at a cost of approximately 100 million. The reconstruction replaced the innovative concrete tube style of the jetty with a more traditional steel and glass structure. During reconstruction, two temporary departure lounges were constructed in the vicinity of the terminal that replicated the capacity of 2E before the collapse. The terminal reopened completely on 30 March 2008.
Apart from the reconstruction of Terminal 2E, two major terminal extensions have been completed since 2008.
The completion of 750 m (2,460 ft) long Satellite 3 (or S3) to the immediate east of Terminals 2E and 2F provides further jetways for large-capacity airliners, specifically the Airbus A380. Check-in and baggage handling are provided by the existing infrastructure in Terminals 2E and 2F. Satellite 3 was opened in part on 27 June 2007 and fully operational in September 2007.
Terminal 2G, dedicated to regional Air France flights and its affiliates, opened in 2008. This terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus. Terminal 2G is used for passengers flying in the Schengen Area (and thus has no passport control) and handles Air France regional and European traffic and provides small-capacity planes (up to 150 passengers) with a faster turnaround time than is currently possible by enabling them to park close to the new terminal building and boarding passengers primarily by bus, or walking. Its bus connection is outside the security area and a security check is needed also for transfer passengers. At least 20 minutes must be planned as time when getting from another terminal to the 2G departure area. Terminals 2A, 2C, 2F, and 2E are able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft.
The satellite S4, adjacent to the S3 and part of terminal 2E, officially opened on 28 June 2012. Dedicated to long-haul flights, it has the ability to handle 16 aircraft at the same time, with an expected capacity of 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening has led to the relocation of all Skyteam airlines to terminals 2E (for international carriers), 2F (for Schengen European carriers), and 2G. Those that have not yet moved are expected to do so once 2F has finished undergoing construction. Air France has moved all of its operations previously done at 2C to 2E. In October 2012, 2F closed its international operations and became completely Schengen, allowing for all Air France flights currently operating in 2D to relocate to terminal 2F. Further, in April 2013, Terminal 2B will close for a complete renovation (all airlines will be relocated to 2D), and will receive upgrades including the addition of a second floor completely dedicated to arrivals. Once 2B is completed, 2D will close and receive similar upgrades, including the addition of a new floor. Low-cost carrier EasyJet has shown its interest in being the sole carrier at 2B.
To facilitate connections, a new boarding area between 2A and 2C was opened in March 2012. It allows for all security and passport control to be handled in a single area, allows for many new shopping opportunities as well as new airline lounges, and eases transfer restrictions between 2A and 2C. A similar project is under construction between terminals 2E and 2F,which will allow passenger to transit from the international to domestic terminal and vice-versa without having to clear passport control and security. Its opening is planned for late 2012.
Terminal 3 has a single hall. It is located 1 km (0.62 mi) from Terminal 1, but the walking path is 3 km (1.9 mi) long. The RER and CDGVAL trains are at a distance of 300 m (980 ft) on foot.
Roissypôle is a complex consisting of office buildings, shopping areas, and hotels within Charles de Gaulle Airport. The complex includes the head office of Air France, Continental Square, the Hilton Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, and le Dôme building. Le Dôme includes the head office of Air France Consulting, an Air France subsidiary. Continental Square has the head office of XL Airways France, the head office of Air France subsidiary Servair and the Air France Vaccinations Centre.
|Airlines||Destinations||Terminal / Hall|
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes (begins 3 June 2013), Thessaloniki
|Aer Lingus||Cork, Dublin||1|
operated by Rossiya
|Aigle Azur||Algiers, Annaba, Hassi Messaoud, Oran, Tunis||2D|
|Air Algérie||Algiers, Oran||2C|
|Air Austral||Saint-Denis de la Réunion||2A|
|Air Canada||Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson||2A|
|Air China||Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong||1|
|Air Europa||Málaga, Valencia||2F|
|Air France||Abidjan, Abuja, Algiers, Amman-Queen Alia, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bamako, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bangalore, Bangui, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Birmingham, Bogotá, Boston, Brazzaville, Bucharest-Otopeni, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Caracas, Casablanca, Conakry, Cotonou, Dakar, Delhi, Detroit, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai, Fort-de-France, Freetown, Guangzhou, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Kiev-Boryspil, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kuala Lumpur, Lagos, Libreville, Lima, Lomé, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Malabo, Manchester (UK), Mauritius, Mexico City, Miami, Monrovia, Montevideo, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, N'djamena, New York-JFK, Niamey, Nouakchott, Osaka-Kansai, Ouagadougou, Papeete, Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Punta Cana, Rabat, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, St Maarten, St Petersburg, San Francisco, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sofia, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tunis, Washington-Dulles, Yaoundé, Wuhan, Yerevan
Seasonal: Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Cape Town, Minneapolis/St. Paul (begins 21 May 2013)
|Air France||Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Bordeaux, Brest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Lisbon, Lyon, Madrid, Marseille, Milan-Linate, Montpellier, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
|Air France||Basel/Mulhouse, Bologna, Pau||2G|
operated by CityJet
|Dublin, Edinburgh, Newcastle upon Tyne||2E|
operated by CityJet
operated by HOP!
|Aberdeen, Bristol, Zagreb||2E|
operated by HOP!
|Bilbao, Billund, Bologna, Bremen, Brest, Cologne/Bonn, Clermont-Ferrand, Genoa, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hanover, Ljubljana, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Pau, Pisa, Rennes, Turin, Verona, Vigo, Zürich||2G|
|Air Méditerranée||Agadir, Algiers, Casablanca, Chlef, Djerba, Eilat-Ovda, Fuerteventura, Lisbon (begins 21 June 2013), Marrakech, Monastir, Oran, Oujda, Porto (begins 22 June 2013), Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Tunis
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Shannon
Summer charter: Antalya, Athens, Dubrovnik, Bodrum, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Pula, Split
|Air Tahiti Nui||Los Angeles, Papeete||2A|
|Air Transat||Montreal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary, Quebec City, Vancouver
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo-Narita||1|
|American Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York-JFK
|Arkia Israel Airlines||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||2A|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong||2E|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou||2E|
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split, Zadar
|Cyprus Airways||Larnaca (ends 27 October 2013)||1|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Newark (begins 2 June 2013), Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Boston, Chicago-O'Hare, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh
|easyJet||Agadir, Ajaccio, Barcelona, Bari, Bastia, Belfast-International, Biarritz, Bologna, Bristol, Budapest, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Fes, Glasgow-International, Kraków, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Porto, Prague, Tangier, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 5 July 2013), Heraklion, Ibiza, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Split
|Equatorial Congo Airlines
operated by PrivatAir
|El Al||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
|Estonian Air||Seasonal: Tallinn||2D|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa||2A|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||2A|
operated by Air France
|Seasonal: Abu Dhabi (begins 15 May 2013)||2A|
|Europe Airpost||Charter: Antalya, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bodrum, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Malta, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Split, Tangier, Tenerife-South
Chartered seasonal: Almería, Baghdad, Hurghada, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Málaga, Minorca, Ras al-Khaimah, Reus, Rhodes, Seville, Zakynthos
|Flybe||Belfast-City, Birmingham, Cardiff, Exeter, Glasgow-International, Manchester (UK), Newcastle, Nottingham/East Midlands||2E|
operated by Denim Air
|Georgian Airways||Seasonal: Tbilisi||2D|
operated by Holidays Czech Airlines
|Israir Airlines||Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||2A|
|Japan Airlines||Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita||2E|
|Kenya Airways||Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta||2C|
|Kuwait Airways||Kuwait, Rome-Fiumicino||1|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin||1|
|Lufthansa||Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich||1|
operated by Augsburg Airways
|Munich (ends 26 October 2013)||1|
operated by Eurowings
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur||1|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut||2C|
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore||1|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia||2A|
|SATA International||Seasonal: Ponta Delgada||1|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda||1|
operated by Blue1
|Smart Wings||Ostrava, Prague||3|
operated by El Al
|Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||2A|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||1|
|Syphax Airlines||Djerba, Sfax, Tunis||1|
|TAAG Angola Airlines||Luanda||2E|
|TACV Cabo Verde Airlines||Sal, Sao Vicente||1|
|TAM Airlines||Rio de Janeiro-Galeão (ends 10 August 2013), São Paulo-Guarulhos||1|
|Thai Airways International||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi||1|
|Turkish Airlines||Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen||1|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev-Boryspil||2D|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles||1|
|Vietnam Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City||2E|
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela
|WOW air||Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík||3|
|XL Airways France||Seasonal: Boa Vista, Cancún, Fort-de-France, Freeport, Las Vegas, Malé, Miami (begins 28 June 2013), Montego Bay, New York-JFK, Pointe-à-Pitre, São Tomé, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Sal, Samana, San Francisco, Salvador da Bahia, Varadero||2A|
|XL Airways France||Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia (begins 20 June 2013), Catania, Figari, Ibiza, Mykonos, Naples, Palermo, Pescara, Rome-Fiumicino, Santorini, Seville, Split, Thessaloniki
In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Charles de Gaulle Airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights, including Bulgarian Air Charter, Europe Airpost, Nouvelair, Onur Air, Sky Airlines
|Air France Cargo||Algiers, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bamako, Bangui, Boston, Brazzaville, Cairo, Chicago O'Hare, Dammam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai, Dublin, Glasgow Prestwick, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Houston Intercontinental, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mexico City, Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta, N'djamena, New York JFK, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Seoul Incheon, Shanghai Pudong, Tokyo Narita, Toronto Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis, Zaragoza|
|Air France Cargo
operated by Martinair Cargo
|Air France Cargo Cargo
operated by MNG Airlines
|Cargo Garuda Indonesia||Jakarta SoekarnoHatta|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Delhi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London Heathrow, Mumbai|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Shanghai Pudong|
|DHL Aviation||Cincinnati, Leipzig/Halle|
|Europe Airpost||Bordeaux, Brest, Lorient, Lourdes, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Pau, Toulouse|
|FedEx Express||Amsterdam, Cologne/Bonn, Dubai, Dublin, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Istanbul Atatürk, London, Madrid, Memphis, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Newark, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion|
operated by Air Contractors
|Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Schönefeld, Birmingham, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Cork, Frankfurt, Gdansk, Glasgow-International, Katowice, London Stansted, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Marseille, Shannon|
operated by Swiftair
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul Incheon|
|MNG Airlines||Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Luton |
|TMA Cargo||Beirut, Tripoli|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul Atatürk|
|UPS Airlines||Cologne/Bonn, Louisville|
operated by Star Air
A free automatic shuttle rail service at Charles de Gaulle Airport consisting in two lines CDGVAL and LISA based on the VAL system links the three airport terminals, RER and TGV stations and main car parks within 8 minutes.
CDG airport is connected to Paris by the RER B suburban route (9.50 in 2013). In off-peak hours and during the weekend, there are two types of services during non-peak hours: 4 times per hour to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse calling at all stations to Cité Universitaire, then Bourg-la-Reine, La Croix de Berny, Antony, MassyPalaiseau and then all stations to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse and 4 times per hour to MassyPalaiseau (on the Saint-Rémy line), express until Gare du Nord and then all stations to MassyPalaiseau. The fast services take about 30 minutes to the Gare du Nord, the stopping services about 35. There are two RER B stations inside the airport:
RER B both serves CDG airport (with a travelling clientele) as well as northern suburbs of Paris. The line, operated by SNCF, suffers from slowness and saturation. For these reasons, French authorities started two projects: one, CDG Express, is supposed to link CDG to Paris Gare de l'Est from 2016 with trains specifically designed for air travellers but seems to be delayed; the other, RER B Nord Plus, will modernise and streamline the northern branches of RER B.
Terminal 2 includes a TGV station on the LGV Interconnexion Est high-speed line. SNCF operates direct TGV services to several French stations from CDG, including Lille, Strasbourg, Dijon, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, Poitiers, Rennes, Toulon, as well as services to Brussels in Belgium.
There is a bus and coach station in Roissypôle, next to the RER B station. Buses departing from this station include RATP lines 350 and 351 going to Paris and the bus going to the Parc Astérix.
A Bus VEA Disneyland shuttle departs from the three Terminals.
After the last RER B of 23:56, the Noctilien night bus N143 and N140 departs every half hour and hour respectively from terminal 1 door D12, terminal 2F door 2 and Roissypôle at Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 1 (4 Paris ticket "t" in 2011).
Charles de Gaulle Airport is directly connected to Autoroute A1 which connects Paris and Lille.
The two other airports serving Paris are Orly Airport (the most important after CDG) and Le Bourget Airport (for general aviation and private jets). Some low-cost airlines also advertise Beauvais-Tillé Airport and Châlons Vatry Airport, 85 km and 165 km from Paris proper, as serving Paris, using the names Paris-Beauvais and Paris-Vatry to designate them.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
On 26 August 1988, Mehran Karimi Nasseri found himself held at Charles de Gaulle airport by immigration. He claimed he was a refugee, but had had his refugee papers stolen. After years of bureaucratic wrangling, it was concluded that Nasseri had entered the airport legally and could not be expelled from its walls, but since he had no papers, there was no country to deport him to, leaving him in residential limbo. Nasseri continued to live within the confines of the airport until 2006, even though French authorities had since made it possible for him to leave if he so wished. Nasseri was the possible inspiration for the 2004 film The Terminal. In July 2006 he was hospitalised and later taken care of by charities; he did not return to the airport.
On 7 November 2005, prefectoral decision 05-4979 was issued, relating specifically to Charles de Gaulle airport. The article 32-5 prohibits photographs being taken for private use of anything moving (e.g. aircraft) or not moving (e.g. buildings) within the "zone reservée" (the restricted area) from the "zone publique" (the public area).
The grassy lands on which the airport is located are notorious for rabbits and hares, which can be seen by passengers at certain times of the day. The airport organises periodic hunts and captures to keep the population to manageable levels.
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