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|Hubs||Václav Havel Airport Prague|
|Focus cities||Karlovy Vary Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||OK Plus|
|Airport lounge||Crystal Lounge|
|Company slogan||At home in the skies|
|Headquarters||Václav Havel Airport Prague
Ruzyn, Prague, Czech Republic
|Key people||Philippe Moreels (CEO)|
|Revenue||CZK 16.6 bn|
CSA Czech Airlines j.s.c. (Czech: SA eské aerolinie, a.s.) is the national airline of the Czech Republic with its head office on the grounds of Václav Havel Airport Prague in Ruzyn, Prague. SA was the second airline in the world to initiate successful jet airliner services (in 1957 using the Tu-104) and simultaneously the first airline to fly regular jet-only routes (between Prague and Moscow). Today, it operates scheduled services to 69 destinations in 41 countries, including most major European cities and cities in the Middle East and Asia. It also operates charter and cargo services. The airline runs a frequent flyer programme called "OK Plus" in reference to the airline's IATA designation, as well as the term of approval; OK also featured prominently in its previous livery. It is a member of the SkyTeam alliance. The company never paid dividends, after losing a record CZK 3.8 billion in 2009 the state had to subscribe new shares with nominal value CZK 2.5 billion. In 2011 SA carried 4.2 million passengers.
CSA was founded on 6 October 1923, by the Czechoslovak government as CSA eskoslovenské státní aerolinie (Czechoslovak State Airlines). Twenty-three days later its first transport flight took place, flying between Prague and Bratislava. It operated only domestic services until its first international flight from Prague to Bratislava and on to Zagreb in 1930. After the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939 development of the airline was terminated.
In February 1948, the Communist Party used the demission of right and center parties' ministers to take power in Czechoslovakia; later it suspended[who?] some western European and Middle Eastern routes, and, also because of the embargo imposed by the West on the western-built aircraft spares etc., gradually replaced much of the fleet with Soviet-built airliners. The venerable Ilyushin Il-14 was even updated and built under licence in Czechoslovakia as the Avia Av-14.
In 1950, CSA became the world's first victim of a triple hijacking. The three Czechoslovak airliners flown to the American air base in Erding, near Munich, stirred the world on both sides of the "burnt through" Iron Curtain and the case intensified the Cold war between East and West overnight. Three Douglas Dakota airliners landed in the morning of 24 March near Munich instead of at Prague. The first one, from Brno, at 08:20, the second one from Moravská Ostrava at 08:40 and the third one from Bratislava at 09:20. Two thirds of the people on board were involuntary passengers who later returned to Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovak communist government commissioned a 'flight to freedom' book, stage play and film (all bearing the name "Kidnap to Erding") which celebrated the kidnapped returnees as heroes who had not allowed themselves to be swayed by promises of capitalist opulence. The non returnees who requested political asylum in the American zone of West Germany were, on the other hand, proclaimed criminals and the Prague regime vigorously requested their extradition although in vain. The pilot from Brno was Josef Klesnil, a former Royal Air Force pilot with 311 squadron, who flew from Brno to Erding with a pistol at his head.
In 1957 CSA became the third of the world's airlines to fly jet services, taking delivery/putting in service the first Tupolev Tu-104A in 1957. CSA was the only airline other than Aeroflot to operate the Tu-104 which was the world's first successful jet airliner. The service operated by the Tu-104A from 1957 between Prague and Moscow was the first jet-only connection (other airlines used both jets and piston/turboprop aircraft simultaneously). The first transatlantic services started on 3 February 1962 with a flight to Havana, using a Bristol Britannia turboprop leased from Cubana de Aviación. CSA's transatlantic flights were code-shared with Cubana's own services to Prague, and Cubana's crews provided initial training and assistance in the operation of the Britannias.
From the late 1960s, CSA used a range of Soviet-built aircraft, and modifications of them, for its extensive European and intercontinental services which totalled some 50 international and 15 domestic destinations. The Britannia was replaced with long-range Ilyushin Il-18D turboprops at this time, and transatlantic routes were established to Montreal and New York, besides Havana. Apart from the Il-18D, other aircraft in CSA's fleet included the short range Tupolev Tu-134, the medium-range tri-jet airliner Tu-154, and the long-range jet airliner Ilyushin Il-62. As was the case in several other countries, the Il-62 was the first long-range jet airliner to be put into operation by CSA (which was also the first foreign customer to buy Il-62s from Russia). The plane has a range of 10,300 km and for some time was operated concurrently with the Il-18D (range = 6,500 km). CSA operated a fleet of 21 Il-62s between 1969 and 1997 including 15 Il-62s and six (later model) Il-62Ms, 15 of which were registered under the OK designation and six being leased from Aeroflot. A CSA-registered Il-62 and three Il-62Ms were used as official Czech government transports between 1974 and 1996. The CSA Il-62 with call sign OK-DBF was lost in an unfortunate accident due to language mis-understanding between the crew and the control tower during a nighttime approach to Damascus in 1975.
After absorbing the "heavier" part of the Slov-air operator and taking its Let L-410A Turbolet turboprop commuters into its fleet in the early 1970s, the SA partner Slov-air became the world's first airline whose captain, Ján Miica, was slain at the controls by a hijacker, the event happening during a hijacking to West Germany. The aircraft involved, OK-ADN is nowadays displayed in the open-air aircraft museum in Martin, Slovakia.
After the breakup of the Czechoslovak Federation the airline adopted its present name in May 1995. By the late 1990s, most of the Soviet aircraft were either onsold to other airlines or retired (a number were preserved), and replaced with Western ones such as the Boeing 737 and Airbus A310, A320, and short-range ATR aircraft. CSA became a full member of the SkyTeam alliance on 18 October 2000. As of March 2007 the airline was owned by the Czech Ministry of Finance (56.92%), Czech Consolidation Agency (34.59%) and other Czech institutions. Also, it had 5,440 employees.
As of 1 January 2010, the whole non-office ground staff of CSA Czech airlines has been transferred under a subsidiary SA Support, now renamed to Czech airlines handling s.r.o. As of February 2010, SA a.s. sold off its Dutyfree shops to another subject.
EU competition regulators began an investigation into Czech Airlines on 23 February 2011 stating that it doubted the loss-making concern could return to viability and comply with European Union state aid regulations. 
In late 2012, CSA Czech Airlines announced plans for expansion and to resume long-haul flights from summer 2013 with Airbus A330 aircrafts between Prague and Seoul.
From March 2013, the company will operate direct flights from Prague to Perm, Nice, Munich, Zurich, Seoul and Florence.
Upon the completion of stock sales to Korean Air on April 10th, 2013, CSA Czech airlines is currently owned by two major shareholders, Czech Aeroholdings, a.s. (56%) and Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd. (44%).
Czech Airlines operate 32 monopoly routes from Prague Airport, including one domestic route to Ostrava, alongside with the feeding routes from Slovak city Koice. These 32 routes represent about 40% of total flights and just over 30% of total capacity. On 27 other routes, representing around 40% of flights, the airline faces direct competition from one other carrier, while on 8 major European routes (Amsterdam, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Madrid, Milan, Paris and Rome) the airline faces two or more competitors.
Czech Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines (as of February 2013):
Since its transformation to a joint stock company in August 1992 SA never paid dividends. The sale of a minority share to Air France was a fiasco leading to withdrawal of the French airline, subsequently Antonín Jakube and Miroslav Kla managed to stabilise the company and gradually enlarge its fleet. In September 2003 Miroslav Kla was fired. New CEO, ex-minister Jaroslav Tvrdík, agreed with the unions to increase wages by a third and announced "unprecedented" enlargement of the fleet. In 2005 the financial situation sharply deteriorated. Even though sale of two ATR planes improved the operating result by CZK 198 million, the operating loss was almost half a billion Czech crowns and the Government of Jií Paroubek replaced Jaroslav Tvrdík with Radomír Laák. The airline generated further operating losses, profit CZK 2.1 bn from sale of almost all real estate and profit CZK 1.2 bn from sales of planes were not sufficient to offset them. In 2005-2010 SA generated operating loss CZK 3.4 bn, without the profit from sale of long term assets the operating loss would be two times higher. The gross margin did not even cover the personnel expenses.
|Cost of sales||(18.3)||(18.6)||(18.7)||(18.7)||(18.1)||(14.3)||(106.7)|
|Disposals of LT assets||0.2||0.2||0.6||1.4||0.4||0.8||3.5|
|Other (depreciation etc.)||0.3||(1.3)||(0.7)||(0.3)||(1.3)||0.2||(3.2)|
The Czech Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of December 2012):
|Airbus A320-200||6||0||12||162||174||(2 more operated by Holidays Czech Airlines)|
|Airbus A321-200||2||0||8||194||202||To be phased out in 2013. Without CSA logos.|
|Airbus A330-300||0||1||24||252||276||Delivery expected 15 May 2013|
|ATR 42-500||4||0||10||38||48||OK-JFL painted SkyTeam livery|
||To be leased from Darwin Airline for Summer 2013|
1Source from Czech Airlines, number of seats based on default configuration as used in Czech Airlines
At September 2011, the average age of the Czech Airlines fleet is 9.1 years.
In June 2007, CSA signed a contract with Exim Tours, the largest Czech travel agency, extending their contract for another three years. In May 2010, CSA withdrew their last Airbus A310 and Exim Tours signed a new contract with Travel Service Airlines from winter 2010/2011.
Foreign tour operators, as well as sports teams and companies, use Czech Airlines charter flights. The share of flights for foreign clients, compared with the total number of Czech Airlines charter flights, is around 40 percent.
Czech Airlines charter flights carried 797,299 passengers last year. These are operated on an ad-hoc basis mostly 
Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building, on the grounds of Václav Havel Airport Prague in Ruzyn, 6th district, Prague. On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.
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