German: Flughafen Basel-Mülhausen-Freiburg
French: Aéroport Bâle-Mulhouse-Fribourg
|IATA: BSL, MLH ICAO: LFSB
|Hub for||EasyJet Switzerland|
|Elevation AMSL||885 ft / 270 m|
|Alsace region in France|
|Sources: French AIP, airport website and French AIP at EUROCONTROL|
EuroAirport BaselMulhouseFreiburg (IATA: BSL, MLH, ICAO: LFSB) is an international airport 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of Basel (Switzerland), 22 km (14 mi) southeast of Mulhouse (France), and 70 km (43 mi) south of Freiburg (Germany). It is located in France, on the administrative territory of the commune of Saint-Louis near the Swiss and German borders.
BaselMulhouseFreiburg is one of the few airports in the world operated jointly by two countries, France and Switzerland. It is governed by the international convention of 1949. The headquarters of operations are located in Blotzheim, France. The airport is located completely on French soil, and the airport has a Swiss customs area connected to Basel by a border road. The airport is operated on an agreement established in 1946 wherein the three countries (Switzerland, Germany and France) are granted access to the airport without any customs or other border restrictions. The airport's board has 8 members each from France and Switzerland, and two advisers from Germany.
The airport building is split into two separate sections Swiss and French. With Switzerland joining the Schengen Treaty in March 2009, the air side was rearranged to include a Schengen and non-Schengen zone.
Due to its unusual international status, EuroAirport has three IATA airport codes: BSL (Basel) is the Swiss code, MLH (Mulhouse) is the French code and EAP (EuroAirport) is the international code. Its ICAO airport code is LFSB. The Geneva International Airport has a similar international status (though without the multiple IATA codes).
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Plans for the construction of a joint Swiss-French airport started in the 1930s, but were stopped by the Second World War.
In 1946, talks were re-opened and it was agreed that an airport would be built 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Blotzheim, France. France would provide the land, and the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt would provide the construction costs. Basel-Stadt's Grand Council agreed to pay the costs for a provisional airport even before the international treaty was signed (which was not until 1949). Construction began on 8 March 1946 and a provisional airport with a 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) runway was officially opened on 8 May of the same year.
Between autumn 1951 and spring 1953, the east-west runway was extended to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) and the "Zollfreistrasse" (customs-free road) was constructed, allowing access from Basel to the departure terminal without passing through French border controls.
The first enlargement project was approved by referendum in Basel in 1960 and, over the following decades, the terminals and runways were continually extended. The north-south runway was extended further to 3,900 metres (12,800 ft) in 1972. In 1984, an annual total of 1 million passengers was reached.
In 1987, the official name was changed to "Euro-Airport BaselMulhouseFreiburg". In 1992, a total of 2 million passengers were served, and, in 1998, 3 million. The decision was made to enlarge the terminals again with a new "Y-finger" dock. The first phase was completed in 2002 and the second phase, in 2005.
The airline Crossair was based at Basel and was its largest airline. Following the Swissair bankruptcy in 2001, and the transformation of Crossair into Swiss International Air Lines, the number of flights from Basel fell and the new terminal was initially underused. In 2004 the low cost carrier EasyJet opened a base at Basel and the passenger totals rose again, reaching 4 million in 2006.
|Aegean Airlines||Seasonal charter: Rhodes|
|Aigle Azur||Algiers, Constantine, Oran, Sétif|
|Air Arabia Maroc||Casablanca|
|Air Berlin||Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal: Catania, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Malta, Rhodes, Rimini, Tenerife-South
operated by HOP!
|Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly|
|Air Mediterranee||Seasonal: Jijel, Pula, Split, Varna|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau|
|Air VIA||Seasonal: Burgas (resumes 21 May 2013)|
|Arkefly||Seasonal: Punta Cana, Cancun International Airport|
|Belair||Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh
Seasonal: Antalya, Djerba, Enfidha
|Belle Air Europe||Pristina|
|Bulgaria Air||Seasonal: Varna|
|EasyJet||Antalya, Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Catania, Edinburgh, Madrid, Manchester, London-Gatwick, Toulouse|
|EasyJet Switzerland||Alicante, Amsterdam, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Hamburg, Ibiza, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Lisbon, Malaga, Marrakech, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Athens, Cagliari, Faro, Olbia, Split, Thessaloniki
|Germania||Palma de Mallorca|
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Figari
operated by KLM Cityhopper
operated by Augsburg Airways
|Munich (ends 26 October 2013)|
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
operated by Eurowings
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
|Barcelona, Hamburg, London-City, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino|
|TUIfly||Agadir, Antalya (begins 1 November 2013), Fuerteventura, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca (begins 17 May 2013), Marrakech, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 16 July 2013), Tenerife-South
|Travel Service Airlines||Olbia (begins 3 May 2013)|
|Twin Jet||Lille (begins 21 May 2013), Marseille, Toulouse|
|VIM Airlines||Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo|
|Wizz Air||Belgrade, Skopje, Tuzla (begins 15 June 2013)|
operated by Atlantic Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
operated by Air Contractors
|Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul-Incheon|
|MASkargo||Kuala Lumpur, Tashkent|
operated by Farnair Switzerland
Swiss International Air Lines is headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in the Swiss section of the airport; even though the airport is within France, the Swiss head office is only accessible from Switzerland. The Swiss division Swiss Aviation Software has its head office there, Hello, a now defunct Swiss airline, had its head office in the General Aviation area of EuroAirport.
Prior to the formation of Swiss International Air Lines, the regional airline Crossair was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport. Prior to its dissolution, Crossair Europe was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport. The airline Farnair Switzerland formerly had its head office at EuroAirport. As in the case of the Swiss head office, the area with the former Farnair head office may only be accessed from Switzerland. The head office moved to its current location, the Villa Guggenheim in Allschwil, in proximity to EuroAirport, on 1 October 2011.
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