|São Paulo/GuarulhosGovernador André Franco Montoro International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo/GuarulhosGovernador André Franco Montoro
|IATA: GRU ICAO: SBGR|
|Hub for||Gol Airlines
|Elevation AMSL||750 m / 2,459 ft|
|Metric tonnes of cargo||448,274|
Sources: Airport Website, ANAC
São Paulo/GuarulhosGovernador André Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA: GRU, ICAO: SBGR), formerly called Cumbica Airport after the district where it is located and the Air Force Base that still exists at the airport complex, is the main airport serving São Paulo, Brazil. It is located in the adjoining municipality of Guarulhos in Greater São Paulo. Since November 28, 2001 the airport is named after André Franco Montoro (19161999), former Governor of São Paulo.
In 2012 the airport was ranked 1st in terms of transported passengers, aircraft operations, and cargo handled in Brazil, placing it amongst the busiest airports in the country. However, Guarulhos was also rated third place in most flight delays among major world airports by Forbes magazine in January 2008, and in 2011, according to the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil, 25% of the flights left with delays greater than 15 minutes. Guarulhos has slot restrictions operating with a maximum of 45 operations/hour, being one of the three airports with such restrictions in Brazil.
On June 6, 1967, in response the growth of the air traffic in Brazil, the Brazilian military government initiated studies concerning the renovation of the airport infrastructure in Brazil. As part of the conclusions of these studies, because of their location, strategic importance, and security issues, new passenger facilities would be constructed in the areas of Galeão Air Force Base in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Air Force Base in São Paulo.
In relation to São Paulo, the initial planning of the airport involved 3 runways and 4 passenger terminals. However, the first phase of the construction comprising two runways and two terminals started only on August 11, 1980. The airport was officially inaugurated on January 20, 1985. Quickly Guarulhos became the city's primary airport, supplanting São Paulo-Congonhas Airport.
In 1989 the runways were extended and the terminals renovated, enlarged, and had their capacity increased from 7.5 million to 8.25 million passengers/year. The whole complex has 3,425 acres (14 km²), of which 5 km² is urbanized area.
Since 2001 the construction of terminal 3, capable of handling 12 million passengers/year has been planned but due to a myriad of political and economic problems, only in 2011 the actual construction began.
In 2010, the airport served more than 26.8 million passengers, an increase of 24% over 2009 and passenger volumes were 31% in excess of its capacity rated at 20.5 million per year at its present configuration.
In order to relieve the acute overcrowding at Terminals 1 and 2, Infraero announced on May 17, 2011 that the former cargo terminals of defunct airlines VASP and Transbrasil, later used by Federal Agencies, would undergo renovations and adaptations for use as domestic-only passenger terminals with remote-only positions. This new terminal is now called Terminal 4 (T4). The first phase of the renovations, comprising the former VASP terminal, opened on February 8, 2012, and the second phase, comprising the former Transbrasil terminal, will open by December 2012. Contrary to the announced before, T4 will be of permanent use. Webjet is the first airline to use the new facility. The new terminal, in its first phase, increased the capacity of the airport in 5.5 million passengers/year and, in the second phase it will increase to 8 million passengers/year. In total, Guarulhos will then be able to handle 28.5 million passengers/year.
Following a decision made on April 26, 2011 by the Federal Government for private companies being granted concessions to explore some Infraero airports, on February 6, 2012, the administration of the airport was conceded, for 20 years, to the Consortium Invepar-ACSA composed by the Brazilian Invepar, an Investments and Funds Society (90%) and the South African ACSA Airports Company South Africa (10%). Infraero, the state-run organization, will remain with 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.
GRU has two parallel runways. Runway 9R/27L is 9,843 feet long and 148 feet wide, while Runway 9L/27R is 12,140 feet long and 148 feet wide. The field elevation at the Airport is 2,459 feet above mean sea level. There are high speed exit taxiways on both runways that allow for traffic to depart the Runway at a higher rate of speed to allow better efficiency for landing and takeoff traffic. Right now, there is an average of 650 takeoff and landing operations at the Airport.
There are two navigational aids that GRU traffic uses. The Bonsucesso very high frequency omnidirectional range with distance measuring equipment (VOR-DME) is located 4.9 nautical miles to the east of GRU. The Terminal is split into two: TPS1 and TPS2. As you can see in Exhibit 1, there are two main terminals with piers coming out of each one. Because the two are connected, transferring between the two is easy. There are about 260 check-in counters and 370 companies established there generating about 53,000 jobs.
On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL1,489.5 million (USD784.7 million; EUR549.8 million) investment plan to upgrade Guarulhos International Airport, focusing on preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics in 2016 which will be held in Brazil, São Paulo being one of the venue cities. The investment will be distributed as follows:
Central to this investment plan is Terminal 3, which is projected to add 12 million passenger capacity to the 17 million of the existing two terminals. Plans for a third runway were pronounced to be "technically impracticable" and were cancelled in January 2008.
However, Infraero experienced many legal and bureaucratic difficulties, which prevented most (if any) of these improvements to be completed on schedule. As of April 2013, the airport is no longer managed by Infraero. The new (private) managers have unveiled a new expansion project, which includes a new Terminal 3 (with a different design than the one proposed by Infraero), the widening of the main runway in order to enable operations by the new Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-800 and several other improvements in the existing terminals and parking area.
A train service development and construction has also been given high priority. This include an Airport Express Line linking the airport to downtown São Paulo and a RioSão Paulo high-speed rail connecting Guarulhos to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão and Campinas-Viracopos airports.
|Aerolíneas Argentinas||Buenos Aires-Aeroparque, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza||1A|
|Aerolíneas Argentinas operated by Austral Líneas Aéreas||Buenos Aires-Aeroparque||1A|
|Air China||Beijing-Capital, Madrid||1B|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||1A|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles (begins November 21, 2013), Miami, New York-JFK||2D|
|Avianca Brazil||Belo Horizonte-Confins, Brasília, Campo Grande, Chapecó, Cuiabá, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Juazeiro do Norte, Natal, Passo Fundo, Petrolina, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Salvador da Bahia||1B|
|Azul Brazilian Airlines operated by TRIP Linhas Aéreas||Araçatuba, Araxá, Bauru/Arealva, Belém-Val de Cans, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Belo Horizonte-Pampulha, Brasília, Campinas-Viracopos, Cascavel, Criciúma, Cuiabá, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Foz do Iguaçu, Governador Valadares, Ipatinga, Joinville, Juiz de Fora-Serrinha, Londrina, Manaus, Marília, Maringá, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Presidente Prudente, Recife, Resende, Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont, Rondonópolis, Salvador da Bahia, São José do Rio Preto, Uberlândia, Varginha, Vitória||4|
|Boliviana de Aviación||Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru||2D|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City||2D|
|Cubana de Aviación||Havana (resumes July 11, 2013) ||TBD|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, New York-JFK||2C|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa (begins July 3, 2013), Lomé (begins July 3, 2013)||TBD|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi (begins June 1, 2013)||TBD|
|Gol Airlines||Aracaju, Asunción, Belém-Val de Cans, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Brasília, Buenos Aires-Aeroparque, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campo Grande, Caxias do Sul, Cordoba, Cuiabá, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Goiânia, Ilhéus, João Pessoa, Londrina, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Maringá, Montevideo, Natal, Navegantes, Orlando, Petrolina, Porto Alegre, Porto Seguro, Porto Velho, Recife, Ribeirão Preto, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont, Salvador da Bahia, Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru, Santo Domingo, São Luís, Teresina, Vitória||2C|
|Gol Airlines operated by Varig||Aruba, Barbados, Caracas, Punta Cana, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão||2C|
|Korean Air||Los Angeles, Seoul-Incheon||1A|
|LAN Airlines||Santiago de Chile||2D|
|LAN Argentina||Buenos Aires-Aeroparque, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza||2D|
|Passaredo Linhas Aéreas||Cuiabá, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Ji-Paraná, Juazeiro do Norte, Palmas, Ribeirão Preto, Rondonópolis, Salvador da Bahia, São José do Rio Preto, Uberlândia, Vitória da Conquista||4|
|Qatar Airways||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Doha||2D|
|Singapore Airlines||Barcelona, Singapore||1A|
|South African Airways||Johannesburg||2D|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zurich||2D|
|TAAG Angola Airlines||Luanda||2D|
|TAM Airlines||Aracaju, Belém-Val de Cans, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Boa Vista, Brasília, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campo Grande, Caracas, Cuiabá, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Frankfurt, Goiânia, Ilhéus, João Pessoa, Lima, London-Heathrow, Londrina, Maceió, Madrid, Manaus, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Montevideo, Natal, Navegantes, New York-JFK, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto Alegre, Porto Seguro, Recife, Ribeirão Preto, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Salvador da Bahia, Santiago de Chile, São José do Rio Preto, São Luís, Vitória||1B|
|TAM Airlines Paraguay||Asunción, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Ciudad del Este||1B|
|TAP Portugal||Lisbon, Porto||2D|
|Turkish Airlines||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Istanbul-Atatürk||2D|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, Washington-Dulles||1A|
|US Airways||Charlotte (begins June 9, 2013)||TBD|
|ABSA||Belém-Val de Cans, Fortaleza, Manaus, Recife|
|Rio Linhas Aéreas||Brasília, Manaus, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Salvador da Bahia|
|Total Linhas Aéreas||Belo Horizonte-Confins, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Salvador da Bahia|
The airport is located 25 km (16 mi) from downtown São Paulo.
The airport has its own highway system: Rodovia Hélio Smidt Highway which connects the airport to Presidente Dutra Highway or Ayrton Senna Highway. Residents of Guarulhos can access the road via Monteiro Lobato Avenue.
Bus transportation is available through the Airport Bus Service, an executive bus line, administered by EMTU and operated by Consórcio Internorte - Área 3. This service provides transportation connecting: Guarulhos to Congonhas airport; to Tietê Bus Terminal; to Palmeiras-Barra Funda Intermodal Terminal, to Faria Lima Ave.; To Republica Square (Praça da República), To Berrini Ave. Itaim Bibi district; and to the circuit of hotels along Paulista Avenue and Rua Augusta. The ride takes about one hour, depending on traffic. At Guarulhos Airport, tickets can be purchased at the counter located outside the lounge of the Terminal 1, Wing B's arrivals level. If picking up the bus from a location not serviced by a counter, passage can be paid to the driver upon boarding. One-way fare as of March 2013 is around R$35.
Pássaro Marron/EMTU, a syndicate of the Internorte Consortium, offers two regular bus lines, 257 and 299, connecting Tatuapé subway station (Linha Vermelha) with Guarulhos Airport every 30 minutes. It is usually worth your while to wait for the faster 257. At Tatuapé, both buses can be picked up on the street level: turn left (toward Terminal Norte) after passing through the Metrô turnstile, continue along the overpass, and then head down the first stairway on the left. At the airport, the stop for both buses is on the median of the Arrivals-level road connecting Terminals 1 and 2. As of December 1, 2011, one-way fare on either bus costs R$4.05 and can be paid to the driver in cash upon boarding. Ticket counters for this service can be found at the Arrivals areas of both Terminals 1 and 2.
Viação Cometa offers daily departures to and from the airport and the cities of Santos, São Vicente, and Praia Grande. Caprioli Turismo operates daily buses between the airport and Campinas. Pássaro Marron offers bus services to São José dos Campos with departures every two hours. Viação Transdutra connects the airport with the city of Arujá.
Taxi stands are located outside each of the two terminals on the Arrivals level. It is recommended that travelers use one of the airport taxi companies operated by Guarucoop, a cooperative of taxi drivers serving the airport. Credit cards are accepted at the Guarucoop stand, but be aware that not all international credit cards work everywhere in Brazil. Getting a taxi from Guarulhos airport to São Paulo city can also be arranged with São Paulo Airport Transfers, who provide better quality vehicles.
There are car rental facilities at the airport.
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