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|Honolulu International Airport|
|IATA: HNL ICAO: PHNL FAA LID: HNL|
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||State of Hawaii|
|Operator||Department of Transportation|
|Serves||Island of O'ahu|
|Location||Honolulu, Hawaii, USA|
|Focus city for||Allegiant Air|
|Elevation AMSL||13 ft / 4 m|
|Total cargo (metric tonnes)||327,331|
Honolulu International Airport (IATA: HNL, ICAO: PHNL, FAA LID: HNL) is the principal aviation gateway of the City & County of Honolulu and the State of Hawaii and is identified as one of the busiest airports in the United States, with traffic now exceeding 21 million passengers a year and rising.
It is located in the Honolulu census-designated place three miles (5 km) northwest of Oahu's central business district. Main roads leading to the airport are Nimitz Highway and the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway of Interstate H-1.
Honolulu International Airport serves as the principal hub of Hawaiian Airlines, the largest Hawaii-based airline. Hawaiian offers flights between the various airports of the Hawaiian Islands and also serves the continental United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Samoa, Tahiti, Philippines, Japan, and South Korea. It is host to major United States and international airlines, with direct flights to American, Asian, and Pacific Rim destinations. In addition to not only serving most major western cities, and many smaller ones especially in California, recent announcements have revealed new routes on the East Coast to both New York-JFK, and Washington-Dulles joining the already established routes to Atlanta-Hartsfield and Newark-Liberty.
It is also the base for Aloha Air Cargo, which previously offered both passenger and cargo services under the name Aloha Airlines. This airline ceased passenger flights on March 31, 2008 and sold off its cargo services to Seattle-based Saltchuk Resources, Inc (also owners of inter-island sea-based shipping company Young Brothers and Hawaiian Tug & Barge.)
In 2011, the airport handled 17,947,177 passengers, 262,716 aircraft movements and processed 327,331 metric tonnes of cargo.
HNL opened in March 1927 as John Rodgers Airport, named after World War I naval officer John Rodgers. It was funded by the territorial legislature and the Chamber of Commerce, and was the first full airport in Hawaii: aircraft had previously been limited to small landing strips, fields or seaplane docks. From 1939 to 1943, the adjacent Keehi Lagoon was dredged for use by seaplanes, and the dredged soil was moved to HNL to provide more space for conventional airplanes.
The U.S. military grounded all civil aircraft and took over all civil airports after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and Rodgers Field was designated Naval Air Station Honolulu. The Navy built a control tower and terminal building, and some commercial traffic was allowed during daylight hours. Rodgers Field was returned to the Territory of Hawaii in 1946. At the time, at 4,019 acres (16.26 km2), it was one of the largest airports in the United States, with four paved land runways and three seaplane runways.
John Rodgers Airport was renamed Honolulu Airport in 1947; "International" was added to the name in 1951. Being near the center of the Pacific Ocean it was a stop for most transpacific flights. By 1950 it was the third-busiest airport in the United States in terms of aircraft operations, and its 13,097-foot (3,992 m) runway was the longest in the world in 1953. In summer 1959 Qantas began the first jet service to Honolulu on its flights between Australia and California. Aeronautical engineer and airline consultant, Frank Der Yuen, advised in the design of the original building and founded its aerospace museum.
The original terminal building on the southeast side of runways 4 was replaced by the John Rodgers Terminal, which was dedicated on August 22, 1962 and opened on October 14, 1962. This terminal expanded several times with the addition of the Diamond Head Concourse in 1970, the Ewa Concourse in 1972 and the Central Concourse in 1980.
With the advent of long range aircraft most transpacific flights no longer need to stop at Honolulu. Its international passenger traffic has decreased over the years, particularly to Australia, the South Pacific and southeast Asia, but Honolulu has continued growth in the domestic market as major airlines have added non-stop links to new cities such as Phoenix, Newark, Denver and Atlanta.
On March 24, 2006 Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle unveiled a $2.3 billion modernization program for Hawaii airports over a 12-year period, with $1.7 billion budgeted for Honolulu International Airport. The plan involves implementing short-term projects within the first five years to improve passenger service and increase security and operational efficiencies.
As part of the modernization, flight display monitors throughout the airport have been upgraded, new food and beverage vendors have been added, and a new parking garage across from the International Arrivals terminal has been completed. Current projects include an international arrivals corridor with moving sidewalks built atop the breezeway leading to the Ewa Concourse. The first phase of the project was completed in October 2009, with the remainder slated to be completed in 2010.
On March 31, 2011 Hawaiian announced that they will be renovating the check-in lobby of the inter-island terminal at the Honolulu International Airport (Hawaiian's main hub). Hawaiian, the only occupant of the inter-island terminal, will be removing the traditional check-in counter, to install six circular check-in islands in the middle of the lobbies. Those check-in islands can be used for inter-island, mainland, and international flights. This renovation project is not a part of the modernization program, meaning it is being fully funded by Hawaiian Airlines
Future projects include construction of a Mauka Concourse branching off the Interisland Terminal, the first concourse expansion at HNL in 15 years. Construction of the concourse will involve replacing the existing Commuter Terminal.
By 2012 Hawaiian Airlines was re-establishing Honolulu Airport as a connecting hub between the United States mainland and the Asia-Pacific region.
Honolulu International Airport is part of a centralized state structure governing all of the airports and seaports of Hawaii. The official authority of Honolulu International Airport is the Governor of Hawaii, who appoints the Director of the Hawaii State Department of Transportation who has jurisdiction over the Hawaii Airports Administrator.
The Hawaii Airports Administrator oversees six governing bodies: Airports Operations Office, Airports Planning Office, Engineering Branch, Information Technology Office, Staff Services Office, Visitor Information Program Office. Collectively, the six bodies have authority over the four airport districts in Hawaii: Hawaii District, Kauai District, Maui District and the principal Oahu District. Honolulu International Airport is a subordinate of the Oahu District officials.
The airport has four major runways, which it shares with the adjacent Hickam Air Force Base. The principal runway designated 8R/26L, also known as the Reef Runway, was the world's first major runway constructed entirely offshore. Completed in 1977, the Reef Runway was a designated alternate landing site for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration space shuttle program in association with Hickam Air Force Base, which shares Honolulu International Airport's airfield operations.
In addition to the four paved runways, Honolulu International Airport has two designated offshore runways designated 8W/26W and 4W/22W for use by seaplanes.
The entire terminal complex features twenty-four hour medical services, restaurants, shopping centers and a business center with conference rooms for private use. Passengers have the option of using various short-term and long-term parking structures on the grounds of Honolulu International Airport.
For the 12-month period ending December 8, 2006, the airport had 323,726 aircraft operations, an average of 886 per day: 55% scheduled commercial, 26% general aviation, 15% air taxi and 5% military. There are 206 aircraft based at this airport: 48% single-engine, 27% multi-engine, 16% military, 6% helicopter and 3% jet.
Honolulu International Airport has three terminal buildings. A fleet of Chance RT-52 buses provide interterminal transportation between the ticket counters of all three terminals and between the concourses in the Interisland and Main terminals. These buses, known as "Wiki Wiki" buses (from the Hawaiian word for "quick"), are the namesake for the WikiWikiWeb, the first wiki.
The largest airline at Honolulu airport is Hawaiian Airlines offering 13,365 seats per day, which represents a 45% market share. The #2 and #3 carriers are United and Japan Airlines (JAL) with 7.7% and 7.4% market share respectively.
Traffic between Honolulu and the mainland United States is dominated by flights to and from Los Angeles and San Francisco. These two cities, plus Seattle, account for around half of all flights between the mainland and Honolulu. Hawaiian Airlines, with 10 routes, has the highest market share on routes between Honolulu and the mainland.
Internationally Japan is the dominant market. Two-thirds of international seats are heading either for Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo (Haneda and Narita airports) with services provided by JALways/Japan Airlines, Air Japan, China Airlines, Delta, Hawaiian, or United. Narita alone is served with 61 weekly departures with Japanese carriers operating twice as many flights as US carriers.
Other major international routes are to Seoul (25 weekly departures operated by Korean Airlines, Asiana Airlines and Hawaiian), Sydney (12 weekly departures operated by Hawaiian, Jetstar and Qantas) and Vancouver (19 weekly departures spread between Air Canada and Westjet). This makes Westjet the only genuine low-cost carrier serving Hawaii. In October 2009, China-based Hainan Airlines was granted approval for a nonstop flight from Honolulu to Beijing. It would be the first mainland Chinese carrier to serve Hawaii and the airline's second US destination after Seattle. The airline originally planned to launch the service by the summer of 2010, but the route has been further delayed due to visa concerns and landing fees. China Eastern, however, announced that it will begin nonstop flights from Honolulu to Shanghai on August 9, 2011 instead, marking the first ever direct, regularly scheduled service between China and Hawaii.
The Commuter Terminal serves smaller airlines which operate flights between both the smaller and major commercial airports in the island chain.
Boarding and deplaning is conducted directly on the tarmac, using an auxiliary incline ramp to avoid the air-stairs. Passengers who depart from the commuter terminal, and is bound to another island, and wishing to connect to a flight bound for the U.S. Mainland may not have baggage checked all the way to their final destination. The bags must be claimed at the next airport and be re-checked after completing pre-departure agriculture inspection formalities.
The Interisland Terminal mainly serves the interisland and some US mainland flights and departing international flights (gate 54) of Hawaiian Airlines; most of Hawaiian's U.S. Mainland and International departures leave from Gates 1534. It is designed to handle flights of jet aircraft between the major commercial airports in the Hawaiian Islands. The former Aloha Airlines and Mokulele Airlines Alii Lounge has been converted to a second Hawaiian Airlines Premier Club Lounge near Gate 56.
On the ground level, Hawaiian Airlines uses Baggage Claim B for U.S. Mainland arrivals, and Baggage Claim C is used for interisland and U.S. Mainland arrivals. International arrivals on Hawaiian use the International Arrivals Baggage Claim located in the Main Terminal. Mokulele Airlines and Aloha Airlines formerly occupied Baggage Claim C.
The Main Overseas Terminal serves U.S domestic and international destinations. All boarding gates in the Main Overseas Terminal at Honolulu International are common use, shared among all airlines, and may change daily as the need arises. No gates are assigned to any specific airline. The Main Overseas Terminal is divided into three concourses:
Gates 2634 in addition to serving U.S. domestic flights can serve International flights and provide arrivals access directly into the International Arrivals Building to CBP screening via an enclosed secure corridor. Prior to this opening fully in early 2012 arriving international passengers had to board a Wiki Wiki bus to International arrivals.
|Air New Zealand||Auckland||4|
|Air Pacific||Apia, Kiritimati, Nadi||4|
|Alaska Airlines||Anchorage, Bellingham, Oakland, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma||4|
|All Nippon Airways operated by Air Japan||Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita||4|
|Allegiant Air||Bellingham, Las Vegas
Seasonal: Boise, Eugene, Fresno, Phoenix/Mesa, Santa Maria, Spokane, Stockton
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles
|China Airlines||Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita||4|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong||7|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Los Angeles, Osaka-Kansai, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Fukuoka, Nagoya-Centrair
|go! operated by Mesa Airlines||Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Lihue||1|
|Hawaiian Airlines||Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Oakland, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma||2|
|Hawaiian Airlines||Auckland, Beijing-Capital (begins April 16, 2014; pending government approval), Brisbane, Fukuoka, Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Lihue, Manila (ends July 31, 2013), Osaka-Kansai, Pago Pago, Papeete, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai (begins June 25, 2013), Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan (begins July 9, 2013), Tokyo-Haneda||3|
|Island Air||Kahului, Kapalua (ends May 31, 2013), Lanai, Lihue, Molokai||1|
|Japan Airlines||Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita||5|
|Jetstar Airways||Melbourne, Sydney||4|
|Korean Air||Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita||4|
|Mokulele Airlines||Kapalua, Lanai, Molokai||1|
|Omni Air International||Las Vegas||6|
|Pacific Wings||Kalaupapa, Molokai, Waimea-Kohala||1|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Chuuk, Denver, Guam, Houston-Intercontinental, Kosrae, Kwajalein, Los Angeles, Majuro, Newark, Pohnpei, San Francisco, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles||8|
Seasonal: Calgary, Victoria (BC)
|1||Tokyo (Narita), Japan||1,105,725||ANA, China Airlines, Delta, JAL, United|
|2||Seoul (Incheon), South Korea||906,000||Asiana, Hawaiian, Korean Air|
|3||Taipei (Taoyuan), Taiwan||759,000||China Airlines|
|4||Sydney, Australia||405,000||Hawaiian, Jetstar, Qantas|
|5||Auckland, New Zealand||325,000||Air New Zealand|
|1||Los Angeles, California||1,025,000||American, Delta, Hawaiian, United|
|2||Kahului, Hawaii||1,009,000||go! Mokulele, Hawaiian, Island|
|3||Kona, Hawaii||695,000||go! Mokulele, Hawaiian|
|4||Lihue, Hawaii||689,000||go! Mokulele, Hawaiian, Island|
|5||Hilo, Hawaii||560,000||go! Mokulele, Hawaiian|
|6||San Francisco, California||497,000||Delta, Hawaiian, United|
|7||Seattle, Washington||286,000||Alaska, Delta, Hawaiian|
|8||Las Vegas, Nevada||247,000||Hawaiian, Omni, Allegiant|
|9||Phoenix, Arizona||217,000||Hawaiian, US Airways|
|Aloha Air Cargo||Hilo, Kahului, Kona, Lihue|
|Asia Pacific Airlines||Guam, Kiritimati, Kwajalein, Majuro, Pago Pago, Pohnpei|
|Corporate Air||Hoolehua, Kalaupapa, Kamuela, Kapalua, Lanai, Lihue|
|FedEx Express||Hilo, Los Angeles, Memphis, Oakland, Sydney|
|Kalitta Air||Hong Kong, Los Angeles|
|UPS Airlines||Hong Kong, Long Beach, Louisville, Kahului, Kona, Ontario, Sydney|
A number of fixed-base operators are located along Lagoon Drive on the airport's southeastern perimeter. While these focus on general aviation services, there are a few small passenger airline operations that operate from these facilities, rather than from the main terminal complex. Air tour flights typically depart from this area as well.
|Makani Kai Air Charters||Kalaupapa||Makani Kai|
|Te Mauri Travel operated by Maritime Air Charters||Kiritimati||Castle & Cooke Aviation|
TheBus routes 19, 20, and 31 stop on the upper (departure) level of the airport. Routes 19 and 20 connect the airport to Pearlridge Center (20 only), Hickam AFB (19 only), Downtown Honolulu, Ala Moana Center, and Waikiki. Route 31 connects the airport to Tripler Army Medical Center, via Kalihi Transit Center. Routes 9, 40, 40A, 42, and 62 run on Nimitz Highway within walking distance of the airport.
The airport has also been featured in several episodes of the new Hawaii Five-0.
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