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International Air Transport Association ( IATA ) is a [1 ] trade association of the worlds airlines. These 250 airlines, primarily major carriers, carry approximately 84% of total Available Seat Kilometers air traffic. IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It is headquartered in [2 ] Montreal, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland. [3 ]
History [ edit ]
IATA was formed in April 1945 in
Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, which was formed in 1919 at The Hague, Netherlands. At its founding, IATA consisted of 57 airlines from 31 countries. Much of IATAs early work was technical and it provided input to the newly created [4 ] International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which was reflected in the annexes of the Chicago Convention, the international treaty that still governs the conduct of international air transport today.
The Chicago Convention couldnt resolve the issue of who flies where, however, and this has resulted in the thousands of
bilateral air transport agreements in existence today. The benchmark standard for the early bilaterals was the 1946 United States-United Kingdom Bermuda Agreement. [5 ] [6 ]
IATA was also charged by the governments with setting a coherent fare structure that avoided cut-throat competition but also looked after the interests of the consumer. The first Traffic Conference was held in 1947
in [7 ] Rio de Janeiro and reached unanimous agreement on some 400 resolutions. [8 ]
Aviation grew rapidly over the following decades and IATAs work duly expanded. It transformed its trade association activities to take account of the new dynamics in aviation, which was seeing increasing demand from the leisure sector. Price flexibility became increasingly important and the United States led the way into deregulation in 1978.
[9 ] [10 ]
IATA has cemented its position as the voice of the aviation industry in recent years, launching a number of important programs and lobbying governments in the wake of successive crises. Despite its factual influence, the IATA is a trade group with no legislative powers.
Priorities [ edit ]
Safety is the number one priority for IATA.
The main instrument for safety is the [12 ] IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) and its successor, Enhanced IOSA. IOSA has also been mandated at the state level by several countries. In 2012, aviation posted its safest year ever. The global Western-built jet accident rate (measured in hull losses per million flights of Western-built jets) was 0.20, the equivalent of one accident every 5 million flights. Future improvements will be founded on data sharing with a database fed by a multitude of sources and housed by the Global Safety Information Center. In June 2014 the IATA set up a special panel to study measures to track aircraft in flight in real time. The move was in response to the disappearance without trace of [13 ] Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 on 8 March 2014. [14 ]
Security [ edit ]
Security has become increasingly important following the tragedy of 9/11. Following a series of uncoordinated rules by different countries, the industry has developed a Checkpoint of the Future,
[15 ] which is based on risk assessment and passenger differentiation. [16 ]
Simplifying the Business [ edit ]
Simplifying the Business
was launched in 2004. This initiative has introduced a number of crucial concepts to passenger travel, including the electronic ticket [17 ] and the bar coded boarding pass. Many other innovations are being established as part of the Fast Travel initiative, including a range of self-service baggage options. [18 ]
A new program that has drawn plenty of interest is New Distribution Capability.
This will replace the old EDIFACT messaging standard that is still the basis of the global distribution system /travel agent channel and replace it with an XML standard. This will enable the same choices to be offered to high street travel shoppers as are offered to those who book directly through airline websites. A filing with the US Department of Transportation brought over 400 comments. [19 ] [20 ] [21 ]
Environment [ edit ]
IATA members and all industry stakeholders have agreed to three sequential environmental goals:
An average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per annum from 2009 through 2020
A cap on net
carbon emissions from aviation from 2020 (carbon-neutral growth) A 50% reduction in net aviation carbon emissions by 2050 relative to 2005 levels.
At the 69th IATA AGM in
Cape Town, South Africa, members overwhelmingly endorsed a resolution on Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth (CNG2020) Strategy. [22 ]
The resolution provides governments with a set of principles on how governments could:
Establish procedures for a single market-based measure (MBM)
Integrate a single MBM as part of an overall package of measures to achieve CNG2020
IATA member airlines agreed that a single mandatory carbon offsetting scheme would be the simplest and most effective option for an MBM.
Services [ edit ]
IATA provides consulting and training services in many areas crucial to aviation.
Travel Agent accreditation is available for travel professionals. Full accreditation allows agents to sell tickets on behalf of all IATA member airlines.
Cargo Agent accreditation is a similar program.
IATA also runs the Billing and Settlement Plan, which is a $300 billion-plus financial system that looks after airline money.
And it provides a number of business intelligence publications and services.
Training covers all aspects of aviation and ranges from beginner courses through to senior management courses.
Strategic Partners [ edit ]
The following is a list of IATA's Strategic Partners:
A J Walter Aviation Limited
Abacus International Pte Ltd
Accounting Centre of China Aviation
ACS Consolidated Group Pty Ltd
Advanced Composite Structures, LLC
Aerofuels Overseas Limited
AeroMASH-Aviation Security JSC
Aeronautical Research Center
Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
AFS Aviation Fuel Services GmbH
Air BP Limited
Air Lease Corporation
Air Management International
Aircraft Service International Group (ASIG)
Airpas Aviation AG
Airplane-Equipment & Services GmbH
Airport College International Ltd.
Air-Transport IT Services, Inc.
Alfons Haar Maschinenbau GmbH & Co.KG
Alha Airport S.p.A.
Aljac Fuelling Component Limited
Allied Aviation Services
Alpha Star Aviation Services
Amadeus IT Group, S.A.
American General Supplies, Inc.
AMS Systems Engineering Ltd.
Aon Rus - Insurance Brokers LLC
Argus Media Ltd
Arowana Consulting Ltd
ASCON OIL COMPANY LIMITED
Associated Energy Group LLC
Atmos International Limited
Aurora Aviation SA
Aviation Capital Group
Aviation Co-ordination Services (Pty) Ltd
Aviation Fuel Solutions International A.F.S.I. Inc
Aviation Quality Services GmbH
Aviation Security Company Limited (Hong Kong) (AVSECO (HK))
Aviation Services (Ireland) Limited
Aviation Services Management Ltd.
Aviatrans International Limited
AXESS International Network, Inc.
Axion Energy Argentina S.R.L.
Azzurra Ground Handling Services Ltd
BagDrop systems BV
Bartsch International GmbH
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
BISA Technologies (Hong Kong) Limited
BOC Aviation Pte. Ltd.
Boeing Company, The
Braathens IT Solutions AS
British Telecommunications plc
Brock Solutions, Inc.
Brussels Airport Company
Burnham Sterling & Company LLC
Caltex Australia Petroleum Pty., Ltd.
Cargo Community Network
CargoFlash Infotech Pvt. Ltd.
Cavotec Fladung GmbH
Central Europe Pipeline System (CEPS) Programme
Certas Energy UK Ltd t/a Gulf Aviation
CGI Group Inc
CHAMP Cargosystems S.A.
Changi Airport Group (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
CHEP Aerospace Solutions
CHINA MINSHENG BANKING CORP., LTD.
Chu Kong Passenger Transport Co. Ltd
CITA Petroleum Limited
Cleanserve Integrated Energy Solutions Limited
Cofely Services Inc.
Commport Aerospace Services Ltd
Compañía Española de Petróleos, S.A. (CEPSA)
Conidia Bioscience Ltd
Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd.
CrimsonLogic Pte. Ltd.
Damarel Systems International Ltd.
DARS (Disabled Aircraft Recovery Solutions)
Dawi Oil Ltd
Descartes Systems Group
Deutsche Bank AG
DGM Support B.V.
Distributeurs Nationaux S.A. (DINASA)
DoKaSch GmbH Air Cargo Equipment
ECHA Microbiology Ltd.
eJet Consultants (UK) Ltd
EMG Marketing Godo Kaisha
Emirates National Factory for Plastic Industries LLC (United Security)
ENI SPA - Refining & Marketing Division
ENOC Marketing LLC
EPIC Aviation, LLC
European Cargo Services B.V.
Eurostar International Limited
Evergreen Apple Nigeria
ExxonMobil Aviation Intl. Ltd.
FAUDI Aviation GmbH
First Research Inst. Ministry of Public Security
FLYHT Aerospace Solutions Ltd
FORTAS Worldwise Solutions that Fly
Forte Oil PLC
Franke Care System Middle East
FSM Management Group
Fujitsu Frontech Limited
G4S Aviation Services
Gammon Technical Products, Inc.
Gate Safe, Inc.
GB Energy LTD.
GDF SUEZ Trading
Global Eagle Entertainment
Global Logistics System (HK) Co. Ltd
Global Oil Services
GlobeFuel Systems & Services GmbH
Gozen Security Services Inc.
Ground Handling Logistic - Safewrap
Gunnebo Entrance Control Ltd
Hadid International Services
Hans Infomatic Pvt Ltd
Hansaconsult Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH
Harrods Aviation Limited
HEICO Aerospace Corporation
Hexaware Technologies Limited
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
Hitachi, Ltd. Central Research Laboratory
Hitit Computer Services
Homing Pin Limited
Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminals Limited
IAI Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd
IBS Software Services
ICM Airport Technics Australia Pty Ltd
ICTS Europe Systems
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Infini Travel Information, Inc.
Infosky Technology Co.Ltd.
Innova Bilisim Cozumleri A.S.
Invido Group Inc.
ISO Software Systeme GmbH
ITA Software by Google
J & D Oilfield International, SA
JBM Associates, Inc.
Joint-Stock Company Sovex
Jushad Oil & Gas Limited
JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
Kaba Gallenschütz GmbH
Kimoha Entrepreneurs Ltd.
KIU System Solutions
KUNZ GmbH aircraft equipment
Kuwait Aviation Fuelling Company
Kuwait Petroleum Corporation
L.E.K. Consulting L.L.C.
L-3 Security & Detection Systems
Libya Oil Aviation
Lufthansa AirPlus Servicekarten GmbH
Lufthansa Systems AG
Lukoil Aviation Bulgaria EOOD
MAINAMI KUKO SERVICE CO., LTD.
Marks Systems, Inc. dba masFlight
Materna Information & Communications
Medina Quality Assurance Services
Mercury Fuels, Inc.
Miami Technology Group Inc. (MIATECH)
Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation
MTU Aero Engines AG
Mühlbauer ID Services GmbH
MULAG Fahrzeugwerk Heinz Wössner GmbH u. Co. KG
Naftna Industrija Srbije J.S.C.
Narita International Airport Corporation (NAA)
Neste Oil Corporation
Nordisk Aviation Products
NX Systems Ltd
OFC Aviation Fuel Services S.A.
Oil Price Information Service (OPIS)
OMV Petrol Ofisi
OpenJaw Technologies Ltd
Organización Terpel S.A.
PalNet GmbH Air Cargo Products
Panasonic Avionics Corporation
Parker Hannifin Corporation Velcon Filtration Division
Pertamina - Aviation
PetroChina International (Hong Kong) Corporation Limited
Petroleos de Portugal_ Petrogal SA
Port of Seattle - Seattle-Tacoma International Airport
Power Stow A/S
Pratt & Whitney
PTT Public Company Limited
Puma Energy International B.V
Quick International Courier
Raizen Combustiveis S.A.
Rational Business Corporation Private Limited
Relate International Limited
Reservation Data Maintenance (India) Pvt Ltd.
Reshebile Aviation and Protection Services (pty) Ltd
RESQTEC Zumro B.V.
Rolls-Royce Controls & Data Services
Sahara Group Limited
San-Ai Oil Co., Ltd.
Scarabee systems & technology B.V.
Securitas Transport Aviation Security
Security Label GmbH
Shell &Topaz Aviation Ireland Ltd
Shell Aviation Ltd.
Shenzhen Chengyuan Aviation Oil Co., Ltd.
Shun Tak-China Travel Ship Management Limited
Singapore Petroleum Company Limited (SPC)
Sino-Dangerous Goods Transportation Consultant Ltd.
Sinopec (Hong Kong) Aviation Company Ltd
SK Energy Co., Ltd
SKA International Group / SKA Energy FZE
Slingmax® Rigging Solutions
SMBC Aviation Capital
SOCAR Energy Switzerland GmbH
Sol Aviation Services Ltd.
ST-Airport Services Pte Ltd
Sun Jet Services GBR
Supreme Fuels Trading FZE
Sutherland Global Services
Taiwan Fylin Industrial
TAN SON NHAT PETROL COMMERCIAL JSC (TAPETCO)
TCR International N.V.
Tech Mahindra Limited
Telair International GmbH
Tesoro Refining & Marketing LLC
The Arabian Petroleum Supply Co.
APSCO THY OPET
TOPAS Co. Ltd
Toppan Forms Co., Ltd.
Toyo Kanetsu Solutions K.K.
TravelSky Technology Limited
Trip Top Technologies
UAS International Trip Support
Ultra Electronics Airport Systems
Universal Weather and Aviation, Inc.
Unopetrol El Salvador SA (Uno Aviation)
Valero Energy Ltd
Van Riemsdijk Rotterdam B.V. (VRR)
Vanguard ID Systems
Vayant Travel Technologies, Inc.
vCargo Cloud Pte Ltd
Vestergaard Company A/S
Vetter GmbH, A Unit of IDEX Corporation
Vietnam Air Petrol Company Ltd
Vortex Boarding and Disembarking Systems Ltd.
Web Cargo SL
Weihai Guangtai Airport Equipment Co.,Ltd
Westminster Aviation Security Services Ltd (WASS)
Wirecard Technologies AG
WNS North America Inc.
World Fuel Services
Worldwide Information Network (Thailand) Ltd.
Zacarías Moreno SL (Frigocontainer)
Zafire Aviation Software Ltd
Zodiac Air Cargo Equipment B.V.
Publications - Standards [ edit ]
A number of standards are defined under the umbrella of IATA. One of the most important is the transport of dangerous goods (HAZMAT).
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "IATA". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 11 July 2013.
^ "Current Airline Members". International Air Transport Association . Retrieved . 2 February 2015
^ "International Air Transport Association". CAPA Centre for Aviation . Retrieved . 2 February 2015
^ Sebastian Höhne. "IT in general Aviation: Pen and Paper vs. Bits and Bytes" (PDF). hoehne.net. p. 38 . Retrieved . 5 May 2014
^ "Contemporary Issues in Air Transport Air Law & Regulation" (PDF). Institute of Air & Space Law, McGill University, Montreal . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "Bilateral Air Service Agreements". Aviation Knowledge . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Airline Tariff Publishing Company. "ATPCO corporate history" . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "History of Aviation". Online Travel and Tourism Courses . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "Airline Deregulation". Federal Bureaucracy, Shmoop . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Fred L. Smith Jr.; Braden Cox. "Airline Deregulation". The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Sebastian Höhne. "IT in general Aviation: Pen and Paper vs. Bits and Bytes" (PDF). hoehne.net. p. 39 . Retrieved . 5 May 2014
^ "Safety top priority for aviation industry: IATA". China Daily . Retrieved . 2 February 2015
^ Karen Walker. "2012 safest year ever for IATA airlines". Air Transport World . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "IATA wants new airline tracking equipment". Malaysia Sun . Retrieved . 10 June 2014
^ "IATA Reveals Checkpoint of the Future". EVA International Media LTD, Aviation Publishers & Events Specialists . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "IATA reveals checkpoint of the future". SecureIDNews . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Gouldman, Anna (25 April 2005). "Airlines to Scrap Paper Tickets by 2007: Industry Feedback". Breaking Travel News . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Greenwood, Gemma (27 August 2007). "IATA makes final paper ticket order". Arabian Travel News . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Boehmer, Jay (18 October 2012). "IATA Votes To Adopt New Distribution Standards". The Beat . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Vanasse, Zachary-Cy (1 May 2013). "New Distribution Capability Or New Industry Model?". Travel Hot News . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Orukpe, Abel. "IATA urges stakeholders to collaborate, give passengers value". Daily Independent . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ Harvey, Fiona (4 June 2013). "Airlines agree to curb their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020". The Guardian . Retrieved . 18 November 2013
^ "IATA Strategic Partners". IATA Strategic Partners . Retrieved . 26 March 2015
External links [ edit ]
Members of the
International Air Transport Association