|Jomo Kenyatta International Airport|
Kenya Airports Authority logo
|IATA: NBO ICAO: HKJK|
|Airport type||Joint (Civil and Military)|
|Operator||Kenya Airports Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||5,327 ft / 1,624 m|
Latitude and longitude provided by Kenya Airports Authority
Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) is an international airport in Nairobi, the capital of and largest city in Kenya. Located in the Embakasi suburb 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Nairobi's central business district, the airport has scheduled flights to destinations in over 50 countries. The airport is named after Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president and prime minister.
The airport served 5,803,635 passengers in 2011, making it the ninth-busiest airport in Africa by total passengers. It is the hub for flag carrier Kenya Airways, as well as Fly540 and African Express Airways.
On 9 March 1958, Embakasi Airport was opened by the last colonial governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring. The airport was due to be opened by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; however, she was delayed in Australia and could not make the ceremony.
After Kenya's independence in 1964, the airport was renamed Nairobi International Airport to more accurately reflect the city it served. In 1972, the World Bank approved funds for further expansion of the airport, including a new terminal building, the airport's first dedicated cargo terminal, new taxiways, police and fire stations, and the building of the main access road to the airport (Airport South Road). The total cost of the project was over US$29 million (US$111.8 million in 2013 dollars). On 14 March 1978, construction of the current terminal building was completed on the other side of the airport's single runway and opened by President Kenyatta. The airport was again renamed, this time in honour of President Kenyatta after his death on 22 August 1978.
On 5 August 2013, an airlock in the main pipeline that delivers jet fuel to the airport caused all inbound flights to the airport to be diverted to other airfields. Approximately 1,000 passengers were placed in overnight accommodations, and the fault was fixed the next morning.
On 7 August 2013, a fire originating in the immigration area caused massive damage to the airport and forced it to suspend operations temporarily. Unit 3, usually dedicated to domestic operations, was used temporarily for international traffic. The worst fire in the airport's history occurred on the fifteenth anniversary of the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam, but no connection was immediately obvious and no terrorist group has claimed responsibility. The cause is not believed to be intentional, as no explosive devices were discovered during the initial investigation. According to Kenyan officials, firefighting efforts were hampered by some of the first responders choosing to loot the airport instead of fighting the blaze.
International arrivals are bused to a temporary facility set up in the ground floor of the new parkade.
The main entrance to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport is on Airport South Road, which can be accessed by an exit from the A109 expressway (Mombasa Road).
The current terminal building is arranged in a semi-circular orientation and is divided into three parts: 1A, 1B, 1C,1D and 1E used for international arrivals and departures.
The groundbreaking of a new passenger terminal dubbed the "Greenfield Terminal" with a capacity of 20 million passengers was held on 3 December 2013. It is set to be the single largest terminal in Africa and is to be completed in 2016. The estimated cost is 55 billion Kenyan shillings (US$654 million).
The architects for the terminal were Pascall+Watson, a London-based firm that also designed Heathrow Terminal 5 and Dublin Airport Terminal 2. Construction of the new terminal will be done by Anhui Civil Engineering Group and China Aero Technology Engineering International Engineering Corporation (CATIC). The project supervisor is the Louis Berger Group.
Once complete, the terminal will have 60 check-in positions, 32 air bridges and eight remote gates. The terminal is also expected to have an automated baggage handling commercial retail centre. It will also have a commuter railway station and enable alliances i.e. SkyTeam to use a single terminal. It will also have a capacity to handle traffic of 3,133 international passengers in a typical peak hour; 2,403 transiting passengers in a typical peak hour and 845 domestic passengers in a typical peak hour. Figures from KAA indicate that the airport, which has a capacity of 2.5 million passengers but handles an average of 6.5 million passengers every year.
Traffic at the airport grows at a rate of 12 percent per annum and is expected to hit the 25 million mark by 2025.
A new instrument landing system-equipped runway 5,500 metres (18,000 ft) in length has been approved for construction at a cost of 12.8 billion Kenyan shillings (US$146.5 million). An airport official has stated that the second runway will allow for continuous airport operations should an aircraft incident render the existing runway unusable. The runway also will enable direct long haul flights to destinations such as New York City, carrying up to 32 tonnes. Construction is scheduled to begin in January 2016 and be completed in December 2017.
|African Express Airways||Berbera, Dubai-International, Galkayo, Hargeisa, Mogadishu, Sharjah|
|Brussels Airlines||Brussels, Bujumbura|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou (begins 5 August 2015)|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Fly SAX||Entebbe, Hargeisa, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Moroni|
|Fly540||Eldoret, Juba, Kisumu, Malindi, Mombasa, Zanzibar|
|Jambo Jet||Eldoret, Kisumu, Mombasa|
|Jubba Airways||Djibouti, Dubai-International, Hargeisa, Mogadishu|
|Kenya Airways||Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Bamako, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Blantyre, Brazzaville, Bujumbura, Cairo, Dar es Salaam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai-International, Dzaoudzi, Entebbe, Freetown (suspended), Gaborone, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Harare, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Juba, Khartoum, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kisumu, Lagos, Lilongwe, Livingstone, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Mahé, Malindi, Maputo, Mombasa, Monrovia (suspended), Mumbai, Nampula, Ndola, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 1 June 2015), Yaoundé, Zanzibar|
|LAM Mozambique Airlines||Maputo, Nampula|
|Precision Air||Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, Zanzibar|
|South African Airways||Johannesburg-OR Tambo|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Air France Cargo||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Astral Aviation||Dar es Salaam, Entebbe, Juba, Kigali, Mogadishu, Mwanza|
|Cargolux||Amsterdam, Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Amsterdam, Dubai-Al Maktoum|
|Etihad Crystal Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Johannesburg-OR Tambo|
|Martinair Cargo||Amsterdam, Johannesburg-OR Tambo|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Brussels|
|Saudia Cargo||Amsterdam, Jeddah|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Amsterdam|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Entebbe, Istanbul-Ataturk, Khartoum|
The Kenya Civil Aviation Authority has its head office in the KAA Complex on the airport property. African Express Airways has its head office on the airport property. The Kenya Airports Authority also has its head office at the airport.
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