Where in the world have you flown?
How long have you been in the air?
Create your own FlightMemory and see!

Airport Nairobi (Kenya) - Jomo Kenyatta

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport
Aerial view of the terminal
IATA: NBO ICAO: HKJK
Summary
Airport type Joint (Civil and Military)
Operator Kenya Airports Authority
Serves Nairobi
Location Nairobi, Kenya
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5,327 ft / 1,624 m
Coordinates 01°1909S 036°5539E / 1.31917°S 36.92750°E / -1.31917; 36.92750Coordinates: 01°1909S 036°5539E / 1.31917°S 36.92750°E / -1.31917; 36.92750
Website www.kaa.go.ke
Map
NBO
Location within Kenya
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 13,507 4,117 Asphalt
Statistics (2008)
Passengers 4,922,542[1]
Source: List of the busiest airports in Africa

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, (IATA: NBOICAO: HKJK) formerly called Embakasi Airport and Nairobi International Airport, is Kenya's largest aviation facility, and the busiest airport in East Africa. It is the sixth-busiest airport in Africa.[citation needed] The airport is named after the first Kenyan prime minister and president, Jomo Kenyatta.

Kenyatta airport is located in Embakasi, a suburb to the south-east of Nairobi. The airport is situated 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Nairobi's Central Business District, and at the edge of the city's built up area. The Mombasa Highway runs adjacent to the airport, and is the main route of access between Nairobi and the airport; a rail link is planned.[2]

The airport is the main hub of Kenya Airways, JetLink Express and Fly540. Jomo Kenyatta airport is served by a single Runway 06/24. Runway 06 is ILS-equipped, and is used for take-offs and landings. The airport is served by one terminal building constructed in the 1970s. The former "Embakasi" terminal, now used for cargo and for a Kenya Air Force training facility, was constructed before the 1960s.

The airport served 4,922,542 passengers in 2008.[1]

Contents

History

Nairobi Embakasi Airport was opened in May 1958, by the last colonial Governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring. The airport was due to be opened by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, however, she was delayed in Australia and could not make the ceremony.[3]

Later the current terminal was built on the other side of the runway, and the airport was renamed Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. The old terminal is now sometimes referred as Old Embakasi Airport and is used by the Kenya Air Force.[4]

Terminal

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport's terminal has 3 units that cater for both arrivals and departures. Units 1 and 2 are mainly used for international flights whereas unit 3 is mainly used for domestic flights.

Departing passengers check-in through units 1 and 2 depending on their destinations. Both units have airline check-in counters that operate on a Common Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE) system, and immigration desks at the ground floor where passengers are cleared before they proceed to the departure lounge in the first floor via escalators or lifts. There are eight departure gates used to board aircraft via boarding bridges. Arriving international passengers enter via the same gates into a concourse which leads to immigration counters at the first floor before coming to the baggage hall situated in the ground floor. The baggage hall is well served with baggage conveyor belts.

Banking facilities, taxis, car hire, tour operators and hotel booking offices are conveniently situated at the arrival areas. A scheduled bus service to and from the town center is available at unit 1 and 2 bus stops.

Simba restaurant is situated in the 5th floor of the main central building. There is a cafeteria operated by Home Park in unit 1, a restaurant and pub in unit 2, a cafeteria and snack bar in unit 3 and an international arrival hall  all operated by NAS. Beverage and soft drink vending machines are strategically placed in each unit.

Information desks manned by customer care officers, are strategically placed in all the units and at the arrival hall. Flight information display systems (FIDS) and signage helps the passenger find his/her way around the airport.

Future expansion

On 14 October 2005, the Kenya Airports Authority announced their plans to expand Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Over the next two years, the authority announced that it would improve airport facilities across Kenya, especially at Nairobi.

The expansion project was prompted as Jomo Kenyatta airport's annual passenger flow topped 4 million, while the airport was only constructed to handle 2.5 million passengers.

The expansion of the airport will more than double its size, from 25,662 to 55,222 square metres (276,223 to 594,405 sq ft). Aircraft parking, which is currently constrained, will be increased from 200,000 to 300,000 square metres (49.4 to 74.1 acres), and additional taxiways will be built. The arrivals and departures section will be fully separated, and the waiting area will be revamped.

The expansion will increase the airport's capacity to 9 million passengers a year. The project will cost the Kenya Airports Authority $100 million. The World Bank will provide $10 million. The first phase of upgrading commenced on 29 September 2006.

The Kenya government is currently debating on a proposal to build a second parallel runway at the Airport. This debate was caused by an incident which closed the only operational runway for 1 day.

As of December 2011, JKIA has entered the first phase of the second runway construction. This including the demolition of several dozens of illegal dwellings to make way for the future runway.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
African Express Airways Aden, Berbera, Bosaso, Dubai, Entebbe, Galkayo, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Moroni, Sharjah
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Austral Saint-Denis de la Réunion
Air Botswana Gaborone
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air Uganda Entebbe
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Condor Frankfurt
Daallo Airlines Djibouti, Mogadishu
East African Safari Air Juba, Kisumu, Lokichogio
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai
Eritrean Airlines Asmara
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Fly540 Dar es Salam, Eldoret, Juba, Kisumu, Lamu, Lodwar, Malindi, Mombasa, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Kitale
Kenya Airways Abidjan, Abu Dhabi (begins 1 July 2013),[5] Accra, Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Bamako, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bangui, Beira, Brazzaville, Bujumbura, Cairo, Cotonou, Dakar, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai, Dzaoudzi, Eldoret, Entebbe, Freetown, Gaborone, Guangzhou, Harare, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Juba, Khartoum, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kisumu, Lagos, Libreville, Lilongwe, Livingstone (begins 2 June 2013),[6] London-Heathrow, Luanda, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Mahé, Malindi, Maputo, Mombasa, Monrovia, Moroni, Mumbai, N'Djamena, Nampula, Ndola, Ouagadougou, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Yaoundé
Seasonal: Beirut
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
LAM Mozambique Airlines Maputo, Pemba
Precision Air Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, Mwanza, Zanzibar
Qatar Airways Doha
RwandAir Kigali
Saudia Jeddah
South African Airways Johannesburg-OR Tambo
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Yemenia Sana'a
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Astral Aviation Dar es Salaam, Entebbe, Juba, Kigali, Mwanza, Zanzibar
British Airways World Cargo Johannesburg-OR Tambo, London-Stansted
Cargolux Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo, Khartoum [7]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Eldoret, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Lagos [8]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Cargo / KLM Amsterdam, Dammam, Johannesburg-OR Tambo
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Liege[9]
Saudia Cargo Amsterdam, Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Lagos [10]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Sharjah, Singapore
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Ataturk

Other facilities

The Kenya Civil Aviation Authority has its head office in the KAA Complex on the airport property.[11][12] African Express Airways has its head office on the airport property.[13] In addition the Kenya Airports Authority also has its head office at JKIA.[14]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 20 November 1974, Lufthansa Flight 540, a Lufthansa Boeing 747-130, D-ABYB, LH 540, "Hessen" (German state), delivered 1970, crashed on take off from runway 24 in Nairobi killing 59 of the 157 on board. The aircraft was on a flight from Frankfurt to Nairobi and onwards to Johannesburg. This was the first fatal accident and third hull loss of a Boeing 747.
  • In May 1989 a Boeing 707-330B plane operated by Somali Airlines overran the runway and crashed into a field near the Airport. The plane had 70 on board, but no fatalities resulted.
  • On 4 December 1990, a Boeing 707-321C operated by Sudania Air Cargo crashed near the airport while landing. All 10 persons on board died.

References

  1. ^ a b Kenya Airports Authority (2009-09-22). "JKIA Voted Best Marketed Airport In Africa Once Again". kenyaairports.co.ke. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  2. ^ "Kenya Broadcasting Corporation: KBC News". Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  3. ^ Nairobi Airports
  4. ^ "GroundSupportWorldWide.com The Creation of an African Aviation Epicenter", groundsupportworldwide.com.
  5. ^ Kenya Airways begin Nairobi-Abu Dhabi serice from July 2013
  6. ^ "Kenya Airways: une nouvelle route vers la Zambie". Air Journal. 16 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 March 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.egyptair-cargo.com/cargo/Network.htm
  8. ^ Etihad Crystal Cargo Schedule
  9. ^ http://www.aircargoworld.com/Air-Cargo-News/2013/04/qatar-airways-comes-to-liege-airport/2413452
  10. ^ "Saudia Cargo adds Amsterdam and Nairobi to network]". Air Cargo News. 1 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to KCAA." Kenya Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 14 January 2011. "The Authoritys head offices are currently situated at KAA Complex, JKIA in Nairobi."
  12. ^ "Contact Us." Kenya Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved on 14 January 2011. "KCAA Headquarters KAA Complex, Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Embakasi."
  13. ^ "Home." African Express Airways. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "AFRICAN EXPRESS AIRWAYS CONTACTS NAIROBI: Airport North Road, JKIA"
  14. ^ "Terms of Use." Kenya Airports Authority. Retrieved on 26 May 2011. "Kenya Airports Authority is a company registered in Kenya, whose registered office is at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi, Kenya."

External links


This article based on this article: Jomo_Kenyatta_International_Airportexternal Link from the free encyclopedia Wikipediaexternal Link and work with the GNU Free Documentation License. In Wikipedia is this list of the authorsexternal Link.