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|Larnaca International Airport
Larnaka Uluslararas Havaalan
|IATA: LCA ICAO: LCLK|
|Operator||Hermes Airports Ltd|
|Hub for||Aegean Airlines
|Statistics (2008, 2010)|
|Aircraft movements (2008)||48,056|
|Cargo tonnage (2008)||37,529|
|Source: Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL|
Larnaca International Airport (Greek: A ; Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararas Havaalan) (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus. Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the larger of the country's two commercial airports, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast. The airport has one primary passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. A second "VIP terminal" also exists, which is used for visiting Heads of State, some private aviation, and for cargo.
The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. There are 16 jetways (boarding bridges), connecting the main terminal with aircraft, while there is a provision for utilization of shuttle buses to convey passengers during hours of extreme traffic. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.
Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the intervention of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year, which forced the closure of Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake), had been previously used as an airfield in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation by the British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland and Olympic Airways using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.
Nowadays, Larnaca Airport is used as a hub by passengers travelling between Europe and the Middle East. The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year. This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road and by completing the A3 Motorway.
A new Junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500700 m (1,6002,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.
The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France. Detail and Tender design was completed in Cyprus by 1998, with local architectural office Forum Architects and a large engineering team under the coordination of ADP. The design was later used as a base for the BOT projects of both Larnaca and Pafos International Airports though significant changes were made mainly on "value engineering" grounds. A large amount of controversy spurred by the local media surrounded the granting of the contract when it was put out to tender. A consortium led by BAA and Joannou & Paraskevaides (J&P) construction quickly pulled out when it did not receive assurances from the government of Cyprus that it would receive financial compensation in the event that direct flights were allowed between the Turkish occupied north of the island and the rest of the world. The contract was eventually hastily granted to the next best bidder, the French led 'Hermes' Consortium. This too, was not free of controversy, causing legal challenges by BAA and J&P, and adding further delays to a much needed project.
A 650m upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports has been completed, representing Cyprus's first Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) project. The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession. A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009. It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. The second phase, to be completed in 2013, provides for the expansion of the new terminal to handle 9 million passengers a year, and for a 500 m (1,600 ft) runway extension. The design of the new 98,000 m2 (1,050,000 sq ft) terminal includes 16 boarding bridges and is intended to reflect the proportions of a medieval aqueduct located in the city.
Larnaca Airport is well equipped for people with special needs or with reduced mobility. Larnaca Airports special facilities include disabled toilets, lifts, wheelchairs, micro-lifts, as well as car parking spaces. Parking spaces for people with limited mobility are located in front of P1 (short term Larnaca Airport parking zone). The first 20minutes are free of charge, after which drivers are charged at standard parking rates. To have 20 minutes free parking, drivers should go to the Parking office at the front of the Terminal building prior to leaving Larnaca Airport and show their Disability Badge to get their car park ticket validated.
|Aegean Airlines||Athens, Kiev-Zhuliany, Thessaloniki
Seasonal charter: Birmingham, Manchester
operated by Rossiya
|Air Moldova||Athens, Chiinu|
|Arkia Israel Airlines||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion|
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|British Airways||London-Gatwick (begins 30 June 2013), London-Heathrow|
Seasonal charter: Varna
|Condor||Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich|
|Cyprus Airways||Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Beirut, Cairo (begins 16 June 2013), Doha (begins 15 May 2013), Frankfurt, Heraklion, London-Heathrow, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Paris-Charles De Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Sofia, St Petersburg, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Zürich
Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa, Vienna
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Finnair||Seasonal charter: Helsinki|
|Germania||Seasonal charter: Manchester (begins 26 May 2013)|
|Jet2.com||Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Nottingham/East Midlands (begins 25 May 2013)|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin|
|Mahan Air||Seasonal charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Monarch Airlines||Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, London-Gatwick, Manchester
|NordStar||Seasonal charter: St Petersburg|
|Nordwind Airlines||Seasonal charter: Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Novosibirsk|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Helsinki
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia|
|Small Planet Airlines||Seasonal charter: Belfast-International, Vilnius|
|SmartWings||Seasonal: Brno, Ostrava, Prague|
|Swiss International Airlines||Seasonal: Zürich|
|Swiss International Airlines
operated by Edelweiss Air
|Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich|
|Tatarstan Airlines||Seasonal charter: Kazan|
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham/East Midlands|
|Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia||Seasonal charter: Bergen, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Malmö, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda|
|Thomson Airways||Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dublin, Exeter, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham/East Midlands|
Seasonal: Novosibirsk, St Petersburg, Perm
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Ufa
|Travel Service Airlines||Seasonal: Brno, Budapest, Ostrava, Prague, Warsaw-Chopin|
|TUIfly||Basel/Mulhouse (begins 17 May 2013)|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev-Boryspil|
|Ural Airlines||Seasonal: Yekaterinburg
Seasonal charter: Samara, Ufa
|Wizz Air||Bucharest (begins 18 May 2013), Budapest, Katowice (begins 30 May 2013), Sofia (begins 19 May 2013)|
|CAL Cargo Air Lines||Liège, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion|
|TNT Airways||Athens, Liège|
The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to both Limassol and Nicosia. Some hotels offer shuttle services from the airport to their establishment. Taxis are available 24 hours a day from outside the main entrance of Larnaca International Airport (LCA) and are mainly private operators providing services to Larnaca town and popular beachfront hotels. Fares are displayed on a board in the Arrivals Hall. There are no limousine companies operating from Larnaca International Airport. However, companies offering such services may be available from Larnaca town. Visitors requiring a limousine are advised to make the necessary enquiries ahead of their arrival at the airport.
Public transport buses are available from bus stops outside the airport to various locations in Larnaca where one may change bus routes to other destinations in the island. There are also direct intercity buses serving the airport linking other towns and cities with Larnaca airport. Information regarding these is available at Cyprus Bus Timetables.
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