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Airport Boston (USA) - Logan International

Boston Logan International Airport
IATA: BOS ICAO: KBOS FAA LID: BOS
WMO: 72509
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport)
Serves Boston, Massachusetts, US
Location East Boston, Massachusetts
Hub for
Focus city for JetBlue Airways
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 42°2147N 071°0023W / 42.36306°N 71.00639°W / 42.36306; -71.00639Coordinates: 42°2147N 071°0023W / 42.36306°N 71.00639°W / 42.36306; -71.00639
Website www.massport.com/logan/
Maps
FAA airport diagram
BOS
Location within Massachusetts
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 7,861 2,396 Asphalt
4R/22L 10,005 3,050 Asphalt
9/27 7,000 2,134 Asphalt
14/32 5,000 1,524 Asphalt
15L/33R 2,557 779 Asphalt
15R/33L 10,083 3,073 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft operations 354,869
Passengers 29,325,617
Source: FAA,[1] Massport.[2]

General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport (IATA: BOSICAO: KBOSFAA LID: BOS) is located in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, US (and partly in the town of Winthrop, Massachusetts). It covers 2,384 acres (965 ha), has six runways, and employs an estimated 16,000 people. The largest airport in New England, as of 2010, Logan is the 19th busiest airport in the United States with about 13.5 million boardings a year and over 29.3 million passengers overall in 2012.

The airport serves as a focus city for JetBlue Airways,[3] and as a hub for regional airline Cape Air and for commuter airline PenAir. Delta Air Lines and US Airways also carry out many operations from the airport, and all major U.S.-based airlines fly to Boston from all or the majority of their primary and secondary hubs. It is also a destination of many major European airlines. The airport has service to destinations in the United States, as well as Canada, the Caribbean, the Cape Verde islands, Europe, Mexico and Asia.[4]

Contents

History

Originally called Boston Airport, Logan opened on September 8, 1923, and was used primarily by the Massachusetts Air Guard and the Army Air Corps. At that time, it was known as Jeffery Field. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights were initiated by Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City in 1927.[5]

Until around 1950 the airline terminal was at 42.367N 71.0275W; on the 1946 topo map the airfield extended less than 5000 ft east from there (the east end of the field was at 42.361N 71.012W NAD83). During the 1940s the airport added 1,800 acres (730 ha) of landfill in Boston Harbor, taken from the former Governors, Noddle's and Apple Islands. In 1943 the state renamed the airport as General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport after a Spanish-American War officer from South Boston.[5] In 1952 the airport became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection.

The March 1947 diagram shows 7,000 ft (2,100 m) runway 4 (future 4L) in use, with runways 9 and 33 under construction; a different runway 33 ran 6,700 ft (2,000 m) northwestward from the present intersection of 4R and 9, and runway 25 ran 4,000 ft (1,200 m) southwest from the present intersection of 4L and 33. The December 1950 diagram shows a layout that is almost similar to the airport's current layout: 7,000 ft (2,100 m) runway 4L, 10000-ft 4R, 7000-ft 9 and 7650-ft 33.

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 49 weekday departures on American, 31 Eastern, 25 Northeast, 8 United, 7 TWA domestic, 6 National, 6 Mohawk, 2 TCA and one Provincetown-Boston. In addition TWA had nine departures a week to or from the Atlantic, Pan Am had 18, Air France 8, BOAC 4 and LAI 4.[6]

The era of the jumbo jet began at Logan during the summer of 1970 when Pan Am inaugurated daily Boeing 747 service to London Heathrow Airport. In 2012 non-stop flights to London are scheduled by British Airways, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and Virgin Atlantic. However, American Airlines ended its Boston-Heathrow flights on March 31, 2013.[7] This will result in British Airways, a Oneworld partner along with American Airlines, started operating a fourth daily flight using a Boeing 747 on March 31, 2013.

When Terminal E opened in 1974 it was the second largest international arrivals facility in the United States.[8] Since that time the number of international travelers using Logan has tripled.[when?] International long-haul travel has been the fastest growing market sector at Logan. Increased passenger traffic led the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) to embark on a major airport renewal project called the "Logan Modernization Project" from 1994 to 2006. The project included a new parking garage, a new hotel, moving walkways, terminal expansions and improvements, and a two-tiered roadway system that separates arrival from departure road traffic.[5]

Massport's relationship with neighboring communities has been strained since the mid-1960s,[9] when the agency took control of a parcel of residential land and popular fishing area near the northwest side of the airfield. This project was undertaken to extend Runway 15R/33L, which later became Logan's longest runway.[10] Residents of the neighborhood, known as Wood Island, were bought out of their homes and forced to relocate. Public opposition came to a head when residents lay down in the streets to block bulldozers and supply trucks from reaching the intended construction zone.[11]

Runway 14/32 opened on November 23, 2006, Logan's first major runway addition in more than forty years. It was proposed in 1973 but was delayed in the courts.[12] According to Massport records, the very first aircraft to use the new airstrip was a Continental Express ERJ-145 regional jet landing on Runway 32, on the morning of December 2, 2006.

In April 2007 the FAA approved construction of a center field taxiway long-sought by Massport. The 9,300-foot (2,830 m) taxiway is between, and parallel to, Runways 4R/22L and 4L/22R. News of the project angered neighboring residents.[13] In 2009 the taxiway opened ahead of schedule and under budget.[14] To ensure the taxiway is not mistaken for a runway, "TAXI" is written in large yellow letters at each end.

A scene from the 2006 film The Departed was filmed at Logan, inside the connector bridge between Terminal E and the Central Parking Garage. Terminal C and several United Airlines aircraft can be seen in the background. Parts of the Delta Air Lines 2007 "Anthem" commercial were filmed in Terminal A as well as the connector bridge between Terminal A and Central Parking.

In October 2009 US Airways announced that the airline would close its Boston crew base in May 2010. The airline cited an "operations realignment" as the reason for the closure.[15] Over 400 employees were transferred or terminated.[16]

After starting service to Logan in 2004, JetBlue Airways was a major operator at Logan Airport by 2008 and its largest carrier by 2011, with flights to destinations throughout North America and the Caribbean.[17] The airline has plans to expand to 150+ flights by the end of 2015.[18]

Logan last had service to Asia in 2001, when Korean Air discontinued service to Seoul, South Korea.[19] Boston also had previous service to Asia with El Al to Tel Aviv. In 2008, Massport announced that Hainan Airlines had formally applied to the Civil Aviation Administration of China for approval to operate daily non-stop passenger flights between Boston and Beijing using Boeing 787 aircraft,[20] but the service never started.[4] In May 2011 Japan Airlines announced its first Boeing 787 route, Tokyo Narita to Boston, beginning four times weekly on April 22, 2012 and becoming daily on June 1, 2012 with the ability to use a Boeing 777 aircraft swap whenever needed. American Airlines will codeshare on the route.[21] The arrival of longer-range, more eco-friendly aircraft allow for more service from Boston to Asia. This allows for other airlines such as ANA and Qatar Airways, who have the 787 to start these kinds of services.[22] In 2012, the route performed very well, despite issues with the Boeing 787 heading into 2013, having an average load factor of greater than 90%.[23] Emirates has announced plans to launch Boston-Dubai service.[24] However, no start date has been announced. This is partly due to the airline's partnership with JetBlue Airways.

The Airbus A380 first landed at Logan Airport for compatibility checks on February 8, 2010. The airplane was also transporting a submarine back to its manufacturer for later use in the search for Air France Flight 447.[25] The airport has since served as a diversion for A380 flights.[26] No airlines have announced or scheduled A380 services for 2013.

Statistics

For the 12-month period ending January 31, 2010 the airport had 337,229 aircraft operations, an average of 924 per day: 62% scheduled commercial, 33% air taxi and 5% general aviation.[1]

As of 2010, Logan is the 19th busiest airport in the United States with about 13.5 million boardings a year (not counting arrivals). In 2010, Logan was the world's 28th busiest airport in terms of aircraft movements. The airport is also the 12th busiest airport in the U.S. based on international traffic. In 2010, it handled 3,681,739 international passengers.[2] In 2012, it handled 4,350,597 international passengers, a 9.8% increase from 2011.[2] Logan Airport stimulates the New England regional economy by approximately $7.6 billion per year, generating $559.4 million in state and local tax receipts, as of 2006.[27]

In 2011, Logan Airport served an all-time high of 28,800,000 passengers, a 5% increase from 2010.[28]In 2010 Logan Airport handled about 27,428,962 passengers, about 3,681,739 of whom were international passengers.[2] JetBlue carried 26.85% of all passengers for the 12-month period ending November 30, 2012; other leading carriers include United Airlines (13.19%), US Airways (13.16%), American Airlines (12.09%), and Delta Air Lines (11.18%).[29]These figures do not include US Airways Express or Delta Connection each of which has significant operations at Logan Airport. Logan Airport also handled over 546,000,000 pounds (248,000,000 kg) of cargo and mail.[2]

As of February 2011, Logan ranks 14th among major U.S. airports for on-time domestic departures with 80 percent of domestic flights departing on time. The airport ranks 25th in on-time domestic arrivals with 76 percent of domestic flights arriving on time.[29]

Logan has flights to the Azores and Cape Verde because they link Azores American and Cape Verdean American communities in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.[30]

Facilities and infrastructure

Located partly in East Boston and partly in the town of Winthrop, on Boston Harbor,[31] Logan International Airport covers an area of 2,384 acres (965 ha) which contains six runways:[1]

  • Runway 4L/22R: 7,861 × 150 ft (2,396 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,005 × 150 ft (3,050 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 9/27: 7,000 × 150 ft (2,134 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 14/32: 5,000 × 100 ft (1,524 × 30 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 15L/33R: 2,557 × 100 ft (779 × 30 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 15R/33L: 10,083 × 150 ft (3,073 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt

ILS is available for runways 4R, 15R, 22L, 27, and 33L, with runway 4R being certified for CAT III Instrument Landing operations. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I Instrument Landing operations.[32] EMAS pads are located at the starting thresholds of runways 22R and 33L.[33]

The distinctive central control tower, nearly a dozen stories high, is a local landmark with its pair of segmented elliptical pylons and a six-story platform trussed between them.

Logan Airport has two cargo facilities: North Cargo is adjacent to Terminal E and South Cargo adjacent to Terminals A and B.[33] North Cargo is also the location of several maintenance hangars, including those operated by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and JetBlue.

Runway 14/32

Runway 14/32, which officially opened to air traffic on November 23, 2006, is unidirectional. Runway 32 is used for landings and 14 is used for takeoffs. Massport is barred by a court order from using the runway for overland landings or takeoffs, except in emergencies.[citation needed]

There was fierce opposition to the construction of 14/32 among communities adjacent to the northwest side of the airport, such as Chelsea and East Boston, as authorities acknowledged that these areas would likely see a slight increase in noise levels. Residents of Winthrop and Revere also joined in opposition, even though Massport had promised that the new traffic patterns allowed by 14/32 would reduce overflights of those areas.

Since the opening of the new runway, there has been disagreement about when, and how often, the new runway should be operational. Residents have demanded a minimum of 11.5-knot (21.3 km/h) northwest winds, slightly higher than the 10-knot (19 km/h) threshold favored by Massport.

The new runway reduces the need for the existing Runway 15L/33R, which, at only 2,557 feet (779 m) is among the shortest hard-surface runways at major airports in the United States. In 1988, Massport had proposed an 800-foot (240 m) extension to this airstrip (a project which would have required additional filling-in of land along a clam bed), but was thwarted by a court injunction.[34]

Boston's Hyatt Harborside Hotel, which sits only a few hundred yards from the runway threshold, was built primarily to prevent Massport from ever extending the length of 14/32 or using it for takeoffs or landings over the city. Massachusetts state legislators carefully chose the location of the hoteldirectly in the runway centerlineprior to its construction in 1992.[35]

FBOs

The airport is served by several Fixed Base Operators (FBO), which handle fueling, ground handling, aircraft cleaning, cargo service and aircraft maintenance. They include Swissport USA and Penauille Servisair. General aviation, which is adjacent to the North Cargo area, is handled by Signature Flight Support.[36]

Public safety

Police services are provided by the Massachusetts State Police Troop F. Fire protection is the responsibility of the Massport Fire Rescue.[37] Even though the airport is within city limits, by Massachusetts state law municipal police such as the Boston Police Department do not have jurisdiction on Massport property.[38]

Terminals

Logan International Airport has 103 gate positions total[39] divided among four terminals, A, B, C, and E. All terminals are connected by pre-security shuttle buses, as well as between Terminals A, B and E via moving walkways pre-security.[40] Moving walkways also connect the terminals to a central parking garage designed for consolidated service between all 4 terminals and the garage itself.[41] The concession program at the airport is developed, leased and managed by AirMall USA (formerly BAA USA) in Terminals B and E and Westfield Concession Management Inc. in Terminals A and C.

Terminal A

Terminal A, which replaced a 1970s-era building designed by Minoru Yamasaki once occupied by the now-defunct Eastern Airlines,[42] opened to passengers on March 16, 2005. The terminal, designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum,[43] is divided into a main terminal (housing gates A1-A12) and a satellite building (housing gates A13-A22). The main terminal and the satellite building are connected through an underground walkway.[44] Terminal A houses airline lounges United Airlines United Club and for Delta Air Lines (Delta Sky Club). The latter is located in the satellite building on the 3rd floor, which is used exclusively for the Sky Club.[45]

The building is the first airport terminal in the United States to be LEED certified for environmentally friendly design by the U.S. Green Building Council. Among the building's features are heat-reflecting roof and windows, low-flow faucets and waterless urinals, self-dimming lights, and storm water filtration.[34]

Terminal B

Terminal B, which was designed by John Carl Warnecke & Associates and Desmond & Lord, Inc., opened in 1974.[46] Pier B was completed for US Airways in 1974 and Pier A for American Airlines in 1975.[46] The terminal remained largely unchanged until US Airways expanded its operations at Logan Airport in 1979 and improvements designed by HNTB were constructed in 1980.[46] From 1980 until 2000, numerous small projects including passenger seating area improvements, concessions expansions, and passenger lounges were completed at both piers.[46][47] American's facilities were renovated in 1995 and designed by Gresham, Smith & Partners,[47][48] and US Airways' facilities were renovated in 1998 and 2000 and designed by URS Corporation with Turner Construction serving as the construction manager.[47][49]

Terminal B is split into north and south buildings, with a parking garage located between the two buildings. The gates of the south building (primarily occupied by US Airways and housing a US Airways Club[50]) are divided into three groups: B1-B3, B4-B14, and B15-B21. Gates B4-14 and B15-B21 are connected by a walkway post-security. The gates of the north building (primarily occupied by American Airlines, which operates an Admirals Club in the terminal building[51]) are divided into two groups: B22-B36 and B37-B38. Gates B22-36 are generally used by American Airlines, while Gates B37 and B38 are home to Virgin America.[44]

Terminal B is currently undergoing a renovation, scheduled to be completed sometime in 2014. With this, United Airlines will move all of its operations to Terminal B North from Terminals A and C, allowing for Delta to expand in Terminal A and for JetBlue and a regional partner Cape Air to expand in Terminal C.[52]

Terminal C

Terminal C opened in 1967 and was designed by Perry, Shaw, Hepburn and Dean.[53] It was renovated in 1987, in 2002, and in 2005.[47] It has three groups of gates: C11-C21, C25-C36, and C40-C42.[44] The two Terminal C security checkpoints providing access to Gates C11 through C21 on the left and Gates C25 to C36 on the right were replaced by a common checkpoint on July 28, 2011.[54] The Terminal D gates (the three gates at the north end of Terminal C) were renumbered and labeled as part of Terminal C on February 28, 2006.[55]

The terminal serves Cape Air, United Airlines, and mainly JetBlue Airways. JetBlue and Massport are undergoing a "reshuffle" of the airlines so that JetBlue and its partner Cape Air will acquire all of Terminal C, eventually moving United to Terminal B North.[56]


The airport's USO Lounge is located in the baggage claim area of Terminal C, lower level. It offers most typical amenities as other markets as major as Greater Boston. Military ID is mandatory. Terminal C also houses a United Club.[57]

Terminal E (Volpe International Terminal)

Terminal E, also known as the John A. Volpe International Terminal named after the former Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Secretary of Transportation,[5] serves as the international terminal for Logan Airport. The terminal was completed in 1974 and designed by Kubitz & Papi, Inc. and Desmond & Lord, Inc.[58] Massport completed the "Terminal E Modernization" project in August 1997 which improved the passenger facilities.[47] The International Gateway Project, designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and DMJM Aviation, added 410,000 square feet to the terminal in 2003, and the entire project was completed in 2008.[47]

Except for the gates leased by Southwest Airlines, AirTran Airways, and Sun Country Airlines, all gates within the terminal are designated as common-use, meaning the gates may be assigned mostly depending on an operational need.[59] All ticket counters and gates in Terminal E are shared among the international carriers, except for the counters leased by Southwest Airlines, AirTran Airways, and Sun Country Airlines. The terminal houses several airline lounges: Aer Lingus' Gold Circle Lounge,[60] Air France's Air France Lounge,[61] British Airways' First Lounge and Terraces Lounge,[62] Lufthansa's Senator Lounge and Business Lounge,[63] and Virgin Atlantic's Clubhouse Lounge.[64]

The third level of Terminal E is used for departures, the second for passport control, and the ground level for arrivals and customs.[59] The Federal Inspection Station located in Terminal E is capable of processing over 2,000 passengers per hour.[34]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger service

Note: All international arrivals (except pre-cleared flights from Canada, the Caribbean, and Ireland) are handled at Terminal E.

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Shannon
E
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson B South
Air Canada Express operated by Jazz Air Halifax, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson B South
Air Canada Express
operated by Sky Regional Airlines
Toronto-Pearson B South
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle E
AirTran Airways operated by Southwest Airlines Akron/Canton, Atlanta, Baltimore
Seasonal: Milwaukee, Orlando
E
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma A
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino E
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle, St. Thomas
B North
British Airways London-Heathrow E
Cape Air Albany (NY), Augusta (ME), Bar Harbor, Hyannis, Lebanon, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Provincetown, Rockland, Rutland, Saranac Lake C
Copa Airlines Panama City (begins July 10, 2013)[65] E
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bermuda, Cincinnati, Detroit, London-Heathrow, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Orlando, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Cancún, Los Angeles (begins June 10, 2013),[66] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[67] West Palm Beach
A
Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines Columbus (OH), Norfolk A
Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines Cincinnati, Detroit, Memphis, Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJet Detroit, Indianapolis, Memphis, Norfolk, Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by GoJet Airlines Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines Cincinnati, Columbus (OH), Memphis, Norfolk, Raleigh/Durham, Toronto-Pearson A
Delta Connection operated by Shuttle America Columbus (OH), Detroit, Indianapolis, Memphis, Myrtle Beach (begins June 15, 2013) A
Delta Shuttle operated by Shuttle America New York-LaGuardia A
Iberia Madrid E
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík E
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita E
JetBlue Airways Aruba, Austin, Baltimore, Buffalo, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Houston-Hobby (begins July 25, 2013),[68] Jacksonville (FL), Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Philadelphia (begins May 23, 2013),[69] Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Maarten, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Bermuda, Nantucket, Oakland, Portland (OR), Providenciales, Sarasota, St. Thomas
C
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich E
PenAir Bar Harbor, Long Island/Islip (begins July 25, 2013),[70] Plattsburgh, Presque Isle B South
Porter Airlines Toronto-Billy Bishop E
SATA International Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Terceira E
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston-Hobby (begins June 2, 2013), Kansas City, Milwaukee, Nashville, St. Louis
Seasonal: Fort Myers
E
Spirit Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Fort Lauderdale, Myrtle Beach
Seasonal: Atlantic City, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Myers
B South
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul E
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich E
TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Praia E
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles A, C1
United Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines Cleveland A1
United Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Cleveland, Newark A1
United Express operated by Mesa Airlines Washington-Dulles C1
United Express operated by Shuttle America Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles C1
United Express operated by Trans States Airlines Cleveland A1
US Airways Cancún, Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix
Seasonal: Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Providenciales
B South
US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin Buffalo, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Rochester (NY) B South
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines Harrisburg, Syracuse B South
US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines Philadelphia, Pittsburgh B South
US Airways Shuttle operated by US Airways New York-LaGuardia, Washington-National B South
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco B North
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Heathrow E
Notes
  • ^1 Moves to B North in late 2014[71]
Top Destinations
Busiest International Routes from Logan (December 2011-November 2012) [72][73]
Rank Airport Passengers Change
2010/2011
Carriers
1 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,060,000 00.5% British Airways, Delta, Virgin Atlantic
2 Frankfurt, Germany 530,000 00.1% Lufthansa
3 Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 450,000 01.2% Air France, American, Delta
4 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 306,342 01.8% Air Canada, Delta
5 Amsterdam, Netherlands 288,360 00.4% Delta
6 Dublin, Ireland 225,405 08.9% Aer Lingus
7 Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 200,108 04.1% Alitalia
8 Munich, Germany 153,405 03.0% Lufthansa
9 Zurich, Switzerland 146,003 01.0% Swiss
10 Tokyo (Narita), Japan 126,576 00.0% Japan Airlines
Busiest Domestic Routes from Logan (January-December 2012) [29]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois 925,000 American, JetBlue, Spirit, United
2 Atlanta, Georgia 756,000 Delta, AirTran
3 Washington (National), D.C. 702,000 JetBlue, US Airways
4 San Francisco, California 558,000 JetBlue, United, Virgin America
5 Baltimore, Maryland 525,000 AirTran, JetBlue, Southwest
6 New York (JFK), New York 522,000 American, Delta, JetBlue
7 Charlotte, North Carolina 517,000 JetBlue, US Airways
8 Los Angeles, California 515,000 American, JetBlue, United, Virgin America
9 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 513,000 American, JetBlue, Spirit
10 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 505,000 US Airways
Traffic by Calendar Year[2]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo
(tonnes)[74]
1998 26,526,708 507,449 701,921
1999 27,052,078 02.0% 494,816 712,084
2000 27,726,833 02.5% 487,996 726,174
2001 24,474,930 011.7% 463,125 672,399
2002 22,696,141 07.3% 392,079 694,805
2003 22,791,169 00.4% 373,304 672,419
2004 26,142,516 014.7% 405,258 679,637
2005 27,087,905 03.6% 409,066 670,759
2006 27,725,443 02.4% 406,119 639,534
2007 28,102,455 01.4% 399,537 652,654
2008 26,102,651 07.1% 371,604 621,567
2009 25,512,086 02.3% 345,306 666,888
2010 27,428,962 07.5% 352,643 670,190
2011 28,907,938 05.4% 368,987 684,606
2012 29,325,617 00.5% 354,869 684,875

Cargo

Logan Airport is a medium-sized airport in terms of cargo, handling 684,875 tons of freight in 2012, making it 10th busiest airport in the U.S in terms of cargo. It handles many U.S-based cargo airlines, including ABX Air, DHL, FedEx Express, and UPS Airlines. It also has cargo offices for many international cargo carriers, including British Airways World Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo, and LAN Cargo[75]. It has two cargo complexes: The North Cargo Terminal, located near Terminal E, and South Cargo, located near Terminal A.

Ground transportation

Boston Logan International Airport has the accolade of "Easiest Airport to Get To" in a 2007 article on aviation.com because of the variety of options to/from the airport.[76] These options include cars, taxis, the MBTA Blue and Silver lines, regional bus services, shared ride vans, limousines and a service offered by few U.S. Airports, Logan Express. Logan is 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of downtown Boston, a short distance compared with airports in other cities.[citation needed]

Shuttles and Busses

Massport's Logan Express bus service also serves the areas of Braintree, Framingham, Peabody, and the Anderson Regional Transportation Center in Woburn for an adult fare of $12.00 one-way and $22.00 round-trip per passenger. Logan Express operates on the lower level curb of all terminals.

Water

The MBTA operates a water shuttle connecting Logan with downtown Boston, Quincy, and Hull. On demand service from the airport to various locations on the downtown waterfront is provided by a fleet of water taxis. A free shuttle bus ferries passengers between the airport dock and the various terminals.

Train

The MBTA's Silver Line SL1 bus rapid transit service connects South Station, a major MBTA Commuter Rail, Amtrak, Red Line subway and bus transportation hub in the downtown Boston financial district, with all Logan terminals. Service on the Silver Line from all Logan Airport terminals to South Station is free. [77] There is also an Airport stop on the MBTA's Blue Line subway service. The Blue Line stop is not in the airport terminal itself; free shuttle buses 55, 22, and 33 provided by Massport bring passengers from the train station to the terminal buildings. The Blue Line connects with the Orange and Green Lines which provide service to North Station, the other major rail transportation hub for Boston.

Preceding station   MBTA   Following station
Silver Line Terminus
toward Bowdoin
Blue Line
Transfer at: Airport
toward Wonderland
Limousine/Commercial

Limousine pickup is also very common at the airport. Limousine drivers are not allowed to leave their vehicles at the designated pickup areas and pickup locations vary depending on the terminal. For Terminal A, the pickup location is on the arrival level, outside baggage claim, in a small parking lot across the road. At Terminal E, pickup is also on the arrival level in a small parking lot across the outermost curb. For Terminal B (both American Airlines and US Airways sides), pickup is at the curbside on the departure level at the outermost curb area. At Terminal C, pickup is also on the departure level at the second and third islands from the building.

Taxi

Taxi operations are coordinated at each terminal by Massport. Massport's regulations have reduced the number of taxis allowed to wait in front of the terminal at any one time, and prohibit taxis from picking up fares at any location other than the designated taxi stands located at each terminal on the lower level curbs on the far left outside of baggage claim. A large staging area near the South Cargo complex serves as the waiting area for taxis, before they are called to the taxi stands to replenish the supply. Metered-rates from Logan to the Boston-area hotels range from approximately $25.00 to $50.00. The airport fee for trips leaving the airport is $2.25. Additionally, the city of Boston charges a $2.75 fee for trips to Logan Airport.[78]

Automobile

By public roads, the airport is accessible via Exit 26 of the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90), near its eastern terminus, which provides easy access from the west via the Ted Williams Tunnel. East of Exit 26, I-90 transitions to Route 1A to Lynn and New Hampshire. From the south, travellers on Interstate 93 can connect to the Masspike east, through the Ted Williams Tunnel and take exit 26 to reach the airport. From the north, I-93 traffic to the airport uses the Callahan Tunnel, Route 1A North. From the North Shore, access is via Route 1A South. Additionally, road traffic from most of downtown Boston, Back Bay and Fenway/Boston University should use the Callahan Tunnel. The westbound twin tunnel to the Callahan Tunnel is known as the Sumner Tunnel. Eastbound travel through the tunnels is free, but there is a $3.50 toll for westbound travel, and a $5.25 toll for taxis, which passengers are responsible for.

Cell Phone Lot

Logan International Airport offers a 30-minute cell phone waiting lot area at the intersection of Hotel Drive and Service Road, which is complimentary and five minutes from all terminals by car. This convenience service exists to reduce congestion and pollution problems.

Hotels

A Hyatt hotel is located on Airport property, close to Terminal A, overlooking downtown Boston and Boston Harbor.[79] However, there are many other hotels located near the airport. This includes a Courtyard by Marriot and an Embassy Suites. All of these hotels are connected with shuttles that directly go to all of the terminals.

Other Facilities

Currently, major air cargo companies such as British Airways World Cargo, Lufthansa Cargo, Cathay Pacific Cargo, Martinair Cargo, China Airlines Cargo, EVA Air Cargo, and many more cargo carriers have cargo offices on Airport property.[80] Also, American Airlines, Delta, and JetBlue have maintenance hangars at the airport, all located adjacent to the office building near Terminal E and the North Cargo Terminal.[81]

Accidents and incidents

Accidents
  • On October 4, 1960, Eastern Air Lines Flight 375 crashed into the sea while attempting to take off from Logan Airport. 62 people died and 10 people survived, incurring serious injuries.[82]
  • On November 15, 1961, A Vickers Viscount N6592C of Northeast Airlines was written off when it collided with a Douglas DC-6 N8228H of National Airlines after landing at Logan International Airport. The DC-6 had started to take-off without receiving clearance to do so.[83][84]
  • On July 31, 1973, Delta Air Lines Flight 723, a DC-9 airplane, crashed into a seawall at Logan Airport, causing the deaths of all 83 passengers and 6 crew members on board. One of the passengers initially survived the accident but later died in a hospital.[85]
  • On November 3, 1973, Pan Am Flight 160, a Boeing 707-321C, crashed on approach to Boston-Logan. Smoke in the cockpit caused the pilots to lose control. Three people died in the hull-loss accident.[86]
  • On January 23, 1982, World Airways Flight 30 from Newark to Boston made a non-precision instrument approach to runway 15R and touched down 2,800 feet (850 m) past the displaced threshold on an icy runway. When the crew sensed that the DC-10-30-CF couldn't be stopped on the remaining runway, they steered the DC-10 off the side of the runway to avoid the approach light pier, and slid into the shallow water of Boston Harbor. The nose section separated as the DC-10 came to rest 250 feet (76 m) past the runway end, 110 feet (34 m) left of the extended centerline. Two passengers (a father and son) were never found and are presumed to have been swept out to sea.[87]
Incidents
  • On July 2, 1976, an unoccupied Eastern Airlines L-188 Electra parked at Boston Logan Airport was destroyed by a bomb planted in the landing gear compartment. No one was injured.[88]
  • On April 3, 1979, a portion of the south wing of Terminal E at Logan Airport was evacuated when an incendiary device triggered a blaze in a third-floor men's room.[89]
  • On the morning of September 11, 2001, two of the aircraft involved in the 9/11 terrorist attacks, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, departed from Logan International Airport at approximately 8:00 and 8:10, respectively, both bound for Los Angeles. Both planes were hijacked by terrorists associated with Al Qaeda and deliberately flown into the North and South Tower, respectively, of New York's World Trade Center, subsequently resulting in both towers collapse and the destruction of the World Trade Center. United and American Airlines have mounted American flags on Gates B32 and C19, the gates from which the flights departed that day.[90]

See Also: September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks

Alternate airports

To address Logan Airport's overcrowding, Massport has designated two out-of-state airports as the second and third airports of Boston: Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire, located approximately 44 statute miles (71 km) north-northwest of Logan, which converts to an average drive time of 48 minutes via I-93; and T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, located 63 statute miles (101 km) south-southwest of Logan, averaging a 1 hour, 8 minute drive to Logan via I-95, or a 75-minute ride on commuter rail from South Station.[94] Massport does not operate these facilities.

Worcester Regional Airport in Worcester, which is also operated by Massport, also serves as an alternative to Logan. Currently, JetBlue Airways is the only commercial airline providing service to Worcester.

See also

References

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External links


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