|Los Angeles International Airport|
|IATA: LAX ICAO: KLAX FAA LID: LAX|
|Owner||City of Los Angeles|
|Operator||Los Angeles World Airports|
|Serves||Greater Los Angeles metropolitan area|
|Location||Los Angeles, California|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||126 ft / 38 m|
|Aircraft operations (2011)||601,416|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO: KLAX, FAA LID: LAX) is the primary airport serving the Greater Los Angeles Area, the second-most populated metropolitan area in the United States. It is most often referred to by its IATA airport code LAX, with the letters pronounced individually. LAX is located in southwestern Los Angeles along the Pacific coast in the neighborhood of Westchester, 16 miles (26 km) from the downtown core and is the primary airport of Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), an agency of the Los Angeles city government formerly known as the Department of Airports.
In 2011, LAX was the sixth busiest airport in the world after Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport, London Heathrow Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, and Tokyo Haneda International Airport with 61,862,052 passengers. The airport holds the claim for "the world's busiest origin and destination (O & D) airport" in 2011 that involves non-connecting passenger traffic. It is also the only airport to rank among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic.
LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, but other airports including Bob Hope Airport, John Wayne Airport, Long Beach Airport, LA/Ontario International Airport, and Palm Springs International Airport also serve the region. LAX is also the busiest airport in California and the West Coast of the United States in terms of flight operations, passenger traffic and air cargo activity, leading it to be referred to as the "Gateway to the Pacific Rim".
In 1928 the Los Angeles City Council selected 640 acres (1.00 sq mi; 260 ha) in the southern part of Westchester as the site of a new airport for the city. The fields of wheat, barley and lima beans were converted into dirt landing strips without any terminal buildings. It was named Mines Field for William W. Mines, the real estate agent who arranged the deal. The first structure, Hangar No. 1, was erected in 1929 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Mines Field was opened as the airport of Los Angeles in 1930, and the city purchased it to be a municipal airfield in 1937. The name was changed to Los Angeles Airport in 1941 and to Los Angeles International Airport in 1949. Until 1946 the main airline airports were Burbank Airport (then known as Union Air Terminal, and later Lockheed) in Burbank, California and the Grand Central Airport in Glendale. By 1940 most airlines served Burbank only; in late 1946 most airline flights moved to LAX, but Burbank always retained a few.
Mines Field did not extend west of Sepulveda Boulevard; Sepulveda was rerouted c. 1950 to loop around the west ends of the extended eastwest runways (now runways 25L and 25R), which by November 1950 were 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long. A tunnel was completed in 1953 allowing Sepulveda Boulevard to revert to straight and pass beneath the two runways; it was the first tunnel of its kind. For the next few years the two runways were 8,500 feet (2,600 m) long.
The April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 66 weekday departures on United Airlines, 32 American Airlines, 32 Western Airlines, 27 TWA, nine Southwest, five Bonanza Air Lines and three Mexicana Airlines; also 22 flights a week on Pan American World Airways and five a week on Scandinavian Airlines (the only direct flights to Europe).
In 1958 the architecture firm Pereira & Luckman was contracted to plan the re-design of the airport for the "jet age". The plan, developed with architects Welton Becket and Paul Williams, called for a series of terminals and parking structures in the central portion of the property, with these buildings connected at the center by a huge steel-and-glass dome. The plan was never realized and the Theme Building was built on the site intended for the dome.
In the new terminal area west of Sepulveda Blvd that started opening in 1961, each terminal had a satellite building out in the middle of the tarmac, reached by underground tunnels from the ticketing area. United's satellites 7 and 8 were first to open, followed by 3, 4 and 5; satellite 2 was the international terminal several months later and satellite 6 was to be the last to open.
From the 1920s onward, there had been a neighborhood called Surfridge on the coastline to the west of the airport, which formed part of the larger community of Palisades del Rey along with the neighborhood to the north now known as Playa del Rey. When the airlines switched to jet airliners during the 1960s and 1970s and Surfridge's residents began to complain about the resulting noise pollution, the city government used its eminent domain powers to condemn and evacuate Surfridge. The government bulldozed the homes but did not bulldoze the streets, thereby leaving a network of fenced-off "ghost" streets to the west of LAX which remains to the present day.
In 1981 the airport began a $700 million expansion in preparation for the 1984 Summer Olympics. To streamline traffic flow the U-shaped roadway leading to the terminal entrances was given a second level, with the lower level for arriving passengers and the upper level for departing. Connector buildings between the ticketing areas and the satellite buildings were added, changing the gate layout to a "pier" design. Two new terminals (Terminal 1 and the International Terminal) were constructed and Terminal 2, then two decades old, was rebuilt. Multi-story parking structures were also built in the center of the airport.
On July 8, 1982 groundbreaking for the two new terminals were conducted by Mayor Tom Bradley and World War II aviator General James Doolittle. The $123 million 963,000-square-foot (89,500 m2) International Terminal opened on June 11, 1984, and named in Bradley's honor.
The airport closed again on January 17, 1994 due to the Northridge earthquake.
In 2000, before Los Angeles hosted the Democratic National Convention, fifteen glass pylons up to ten stories high were placed in a circle around the intersection of Sepulveda Boulevard and Century Boulevard, with more pylons of decreasing height following Century Boulevard eastward, evoking a sense of departure and arrival. Conceived by the designers at Selbert Perkins Design, the towers and 30-foot "LAX" letters provide a gateway to the airport and offer a welcoming landmark for visitors. Illuminated from the inside, the pylons slowly cycle through a rainbow of colors that represents the multicultural makeup of Los Angeles and can be customized to celebrate events, holidays or a season. This was part of an overall face-lift that included new signage and various other cosmetic enhancements that was led by Ted Tokio Tanaka Architects. The LAX pylons underwent improvements in 2006, as stage lighting inside the cylinders was replaced with LED lights to conserve energy, make maintenance easier and enable on-demand cycling through various color effects.
At various times LAX has been a hub for TWA, Air California, Braniff International, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Pacific Southwest Airlines, US Airways, Western Airlines, and the Flying Tiger Line.
Starting in the mid-1990s under Mayors Richard Riordan and James Hahn, modernization and expansion plans for LAX were prepared, only to be stymied by a coalition of residents who live near the airport. They cited increased noise, pollution and traffic impacts of the project. In late 2005, newly elected Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa was able to reach a compromise, allowing some modernization to go forward while encouraging future growth among other facilities in the region.
It is illegal[dubious ] to limit the number of passengers that can use an airport; however, in December 2005 the city agreed to limit their construction of passengers gates to 163. Once passenger usage hits 75 million, a maximum of two gates a year for up to five years will be closed, which theoretically will limit maximum growth to 79 million passengers a year. In exchange, civil lawsuits were abandoned, to allow the city to complete badly needed improvements to the airport.
On March 25, 2007 Runway 7R/25L reopened after being shifted 55 feet (17 m) south to prevent runway incursions and prepare the runway for the Airbus A380. Additional storm drains and enhanced runway lighting were added. Runway 25L is now 800 feet (240 m) south of the parallel runway centerline to centerline, allowing a parallel taxiway between the runways; the taxiway was completed in 2008.
On September 18, 2006 Los Angeles World Airports started a $503 million facelift of the Tom Bradley International Terminal. Improvements include installing new paging, air conditioning and electrical systems, along with new elevators, escalators, baggage carousels, and a digital sign that will automatically update flight information. Also a large explosives-detection machine will be incorporated into the terminal's underground baggage system, and the federal government will fund part of the system.
According to the Los Angeles Times, in February 2007, many Pacific Rim carriers began reducing flights to LAX in favor of more modern airports, such as San Francisco International Airport, due to the aging facilities at Tom Bradley International Terminal.
On August 15, 2007 the Los Angeles City Council approved a $1.2 billion project to construct a new 10-gate terminal to handle international flights using the A380. Adding the first new gates built since the early 1980s, the new structure is to be built directly west of the Tom Bradley International Terminal on a site that is occupied mostly by aircraft hangars, with passengers to be ferried to the building by a people mover extending from the terminal. It is expected to be completed in 2012.
On March 19, 2007 the Airbus A380 made its debut at LAX, landing on runway 24L. Though LAX was originally supposed to be the first US city to see the A380, Airbus later decided to forgo LAX in favor of New York's JFK. After city officials fought for the super-jumbo jet to land at LAX, the A380 landed simultaneously in New York's JFK airport and LAX.
On March 31, 2008 the Los Angeles Times reported that foreign carriers were once again flocking to LAX's Tom Bradley International Terminal. The weaker dollar caused a surge in demand for US travel, resulting in airlines either adding new destinations or increasing frequencies to existing routes. New airlines that introduced flights to LAX are Virgin Australia and Emirates Airlines. Emirates has operations to Dubai. In 2011, nonstop service to Istanbul's Atatürk International Airport was inaugurated by Turkish Airlines, providing the first nonstop service between Los Angeles and Turkey, while Iberia Airlines reinstated nonstop Los Angeles-Madrid flights as part of its inclusion in the Oneworld alliance. Meanwhile, Korean Airlines, Qantas, Air China, and Air France have all augmented their services to Los Angeles by adding new flights to existing routes. The influx of new flights comes amidst the renovation of the airport and consolidates LAX's status as the premiere international gateway to the Western United States.
Qantas launched service with the Airbus A380 on October 20, 2008, using the west side remote gates. Though initially deployed between LAX-SYD, Qantas' A380 service was extended to the popular LAX-Melbourne route. In July 2011, Singapore Airlines began service with the Airbus A380 on a Singapore-Tokyo-Los Angeles routing, followed shortly by Korean Airlines, which initiated nonstop Seoul-Los Angeles service with the Airbus A380 in October 2011. Air France has launched A380 flights between Paris Charles de Gaulle and Los Angeles in May 2012. In Addition, China Southern launched A380 service to Guangzhou in October 2012, representing an increase in capacity of 78% on the route. With the addition of these services, LAX boasts six daily flights on the Airbus A380. British Airways has announced that Los Angeles will be its first A380 route, starting October 15.
Today, LAX is in the midst of a $4.11 billion dollar renovation and improvement program to expand and rehabilitate the Tom Bradley International Terminal to accommodate the next generation of larger aircraft, as well as handle the growing number of flights to and from the Southern California region, and to develop the Central Terminal Area (CTA) of the airport to include streamlined passenger processing, public transportation and updated central utility plants. The multi-year projects are expected to be completed by 2014 and is the largest public works project in Los Angeles history.
The airport is also a major hub for United Airlines, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, and a focus city for Southwest Airlines, Allegiant Air, Air New Zealand, Qantas, Virgin America and Volaris. It also serves as an international gateway for Delta Air Lines.
The "Imperial Hill" area (also known as Clutter's Park) in El Segundo from which the South Complex of the airport can be viewed is a prime location for aircraft spotting. Another spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the Westchester In-N-Out Burger. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flightpath.
At 12:51 pm on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying Space Shuttle Endeavour landed at LAX on runway 25L. It is heard[by whom?] that over 10,000 people saw the shuttle land in person. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a stand still. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. Along the way it passed many landmarks in the Los Angeles area including the Santa Monica Pier, Getty Center, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Griffith Observatory, Malibu coastline, the Hollywood Sign, Universal Studios Hollywood, the Disneyland Resort, and Los Angeles City Hall. It was quickly taken off the Boeing 747 and was moved to a United Airlines hanger. The shuttle spent about a month in the hanger while it was prepared for transport to the California Science Center.
On Friday, October 12, Endeavour left the hangar at 2:00 am It moved eastward on Manchester Blvd on its way to the California Science Center. The shuttle transport vehicle (STV) was constructed of over 60 individual wheels and weighed over 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg). It was designed to move the shuttle at a speed of 2 miles per hour (3.2 km/h). This was both for safety concerns on the shuttle and so people could take many photos. Although the entire planned route was only 12 miles, it should have only taken 6 hours to complete. Instead, the shuttle arrived in one piece on the morning of Sunday, October 14, 2012.
The distinctive white googie "Theme Building", designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams and constructed in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the legs. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney Imagineering, was completed before the "Encounter Restaurant" opened there in 1997. Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the roof of the "Theme Building", which closed after the September 11 attacks for security reasons and reopened to the public on weekends beginning on July 10, 2010. Additionally, a memorial to the victims of September 11, 2001 is also located on the grounds of the Theme Building, as three of the four hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX that day.
LAX handled 28,861,477 enplanements, the total number of passengers boarding an aircraft, in 2008. This makes LAX the third busiest airport in the U.S. in terms of enplanements. It was the world's sixth-busiest airport by passenger traffic and eleventh-busiest by cargo traffic, serving over 60 million passengers and more than two million tons of freight in 2006. It is the busiest airport in the state of California, and the third-busiest airport by passenger traffic in the United States based on final 2006 statistics. In terms of international passengers, LAX is the second busiest in the U.S. (behind only JFK in New York City) and 26th worldwide. The airport also claims to be "the world's busiest origin and destination (O & D) airport"in 2011 i.e., the busiest airport as measured by the number of passengers who are not changing planes. The number of aircraft operations (landings and takeoffs) has steadily increased to 603,912 in 2011, up from 575,875 in 2010.
LAX connects 87 domestic and 69 international destinations in North America, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Oceania. Its most prominent airlines are United Airlines (18.24% of passenger traffic, combined with United Express traffic), American Airlines (14.73%) and Southwest Airlines (12.62%). Other airlines with a presence on a lesser scale include Delta Air Lines (11.12%) and Alaska Airlines (4.74%).
LAX has nine passenger terminals arranged in a "U", also called a "horseshoe". The terminals are served by a shuttle bus. Terminals 5, 6, 7 and 8 are all connected airside via an underground tunnel between Terminals 5 and 6 and above-ground walkways between Terminals 6, 7 and 8. There are no physical airside connections between any of the other terminals, although an airside shuttle bus operates between Terminals 4, 6 and the American Eagle remote terminal.
United Airlines/United Express operates the most departures from the airport per day (210), followed by American Airlines/ American Eagle (126), and Southwest Airlines (123).
United Airlines operates to the most destinations followed by American Airlines and Alaska Airlines/Horizon. The largest international carriers at LAX include Qantas, Air New Zealand, Air Canada, Air France, Lufthansa, British Airways, and Korean Air.
In addition to these terminals, there are 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of cargo facilities at LAX, and a heliport operated by Bravo Aviation. Qantas has a maintenance facility at LAX even though it is not a hub.
Most inter-terminal connections require passengers to exit security, then walk or use a shuttle bus to get to the other terminal, then re-clear security. A few LAX terminals provide airside connections, which allow connecting passengers to access other terminals without having to re-clear through security. The following airside connections are possible:
Terminal 1 has 15 gates: 13, 4A4B, and 514, and houses AirTran Airways, Southwest Airlines and US Airways. AirTran Airways moved from Terminal 3 to Terminal 1 on April 11, 2012 in an effort to combine operations with Southwest. Terminal 1 was built in 1984, it is the largest of all the terminals in terms of number of gates. It was announced that Southwest and Los Angeles World Airports would fund about $400 million in Terminal 1 improvements under a plan approved Monday, January 14, 2013, by the Board of Airport Commissioners. Though the improvements have already begun, the plan must be approved by the City of Los Angeles. As part of the deal, US Airways agreed to move its operations to Terminal 3, giving Southwest its own terminal.
Terminal 2 has 11 gates: 2121B, 2222B, 23, 2424B, and 2528. It hosts most foreign airlines not using the Tom Bradley International Terminal along with a couple of domestic airlines: Aeromexico, Air Canada, Air China, Air France, KLM, Air New Zealand, Alitalia, Hawaiian Airlines, Sun Country Airlines, TACA, Virgin Atlantic, Volaris and WestJet. Former tenants of the terminal include Northwest Airlines and Pan American World Airways.
Terminal 2 was built in 1962 and was the original international terminal. It was completely torn down and rebuilt in stages between 1984 and 1988 at a cost of $94 million. The rebuilt terminal was designed by Leo A Daly. Terminal 2 has CBP (Customs and Border Protection) facilities to process arriving international passengers.
Air New Zealand will be moving to the Tom Bradley International Terminal in 2014. 
Note: Air France's A380 flight will utilize the International Terminal's A380-capable gates, which are lacking in Terminal 2. Most TACA evening arrivals are processed at the Tom Bradley International Terminal.
Terminal 3 has 12 gates: 30, 31A31B, 32, 33A33B, 3436, 37A37B and 38 (gate 39 was removed to make room for Virgin Australia 777 operations at gate 38). Terminal 3 opened in 1961 and was Trans World Airlines' terminal. It formerly housed some American Airlines flights after that airline acquired Reno Air and TWA in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Eventually, all American flights were moved to Terminal 4. As of April 2012, JetBlue, Spirit Airlines, Virgin Australia and Virgin America use Terminal 3.
Alaska Airlines relocated to Terminal 6 in 2012.
AirTran Airways relocated to Terminal 1 on April 11, 2012 in an effort to combine operations with Southwest.
Note: Virgin America uses Terminal 2 for arrivals from Cancun and Virgin Australia uses Terminal 5 for arrivals from Australia.
Terminal 4 has 14 gates: 4041, 42A42B, 4345 (Gate 44 is for the bus to the American Eagle remote terminal (Gates 44A-44L)), 46A46B, 47A47B, 48A48B, and 49A. Terminal 4 was built in 1961 and, in 2001, was renovated at a cost of $400 million in order to improve the appearance and functionality of the facility. The renovation was designed by Rivers & Christian. It is home for American Airlines, which operates its West Coast hub at the Airport, and for its subsidiary commuter carrier, American Eagle. American is the only tenant at T4, other than daily Qantas departure to Brisbane. An international arrivals facility serving American Airlines flights was also added in the renovation in 2001.
Note: American Eagle flights operate from the "American Eagle Terminal" which is located just east of Terminal 8. Gate 44 serves as the shuttle bus stop at Terminal 4. The remote terminal is also connected by shuttle buses to Terminals 6 and TBIT, because of Eagle's codesharing with Alaska and Qantas.
Terminal 5 has 14 gates: 50A50B, 51A51B, 52A52B, 53A53B, 54A54B, 55A, 5657, 58, and 59. Western Airlines occupied this terminal at its opening in 1962, and continued to do so until Western was merged with Delta Air Lines on April 1, 1987. Terminal 5 was re-designed by Gensler, expanded to include a connector building between the original satellite and the ticketing facilities and remodeled from 1986 through early 1988. It was unofficially named 'Delta's Oasis at LAX' with the slogan 'Take Five at LAX' when construction was completed in the summer of 1988. Northwest Airlines moved all operations to Terminal 5 and Terminal 6 alongside Delta Air Lines June 30, 2009 as part of their merger with the airline.
Terminal 6 has 14 gates: 6063, 64A64B, 65A-65B, 66, 67, 68A68B, and 69A69B. Parts of this terminal have changed little from its opening in 1961; in 1979, new gates were expanded from the main building, as is obvious from the rotunda at the end. Four of these gates have two jetways, which can accommodate large aircraft.
Terminal 6 hosts airline tenants with a variety of relationships with the Airport. Continental Airlines originally built the Connector Building (which links the Ticketing and rotunda buildings). United uses the connector gates, supplementing its base at Terminal 7. Delta leases space from the Airport in Terminal 6, in addition to its base at Terminal 5. Most of the rotunda gates can feed arriving passengers into a sterile corridor that shunts them to Terminal 7's customs and immigration facility. Other airlines, such as Frontier, lease space and operate at Terminal 6 under a monthly tariff agreement. Also, one foreign-flag airline, Copa, departs from Terminal 6, as a result of its long relationship with Continental and now United.
Alaska Airlines in April 2011 agreed to a deal with Los Angeles World Airports to renovate Terminal 6. The airline moved its flights to Terminal 6 on March 20, 2012, and Spirit Airlines was relocated to Terminal 3.
Both United and Alaska operate lounges in Terminal 6.
Former tenants of the terminal include Continental Airlines until its merger with United Airlines in 2011 and Eastern Air Lines, which went bankrupt in 1991. The terminal also originally housed Pacific Southwest Airlines.
Terminal 7 has 11 gates: 70A70B, 71A71B, 7273, 74A74B, 75A75B, 76A, and 77A77B. This terminal opened in 1962. Four of these gates have two jetways, which accommodate large aircraft. Terminal 7 is the home to United Airlines. The interior of the terminal was renovated between January 1998 and June 1999 at a cost of $250 million and was designed by HNTB and constructed by Hensel Phelps Construction. Added were new gate podiums, increased size of gate areas, relocated concessions, expanded restrooms, new flooring and new signage. Also, the roof of the terminal was raised and new, brighter light fixtures were added in order to provide more overall lighting. As of 2012, Terminal 7 is undergoing another facelift, with significant changes to concessions. The terminal also contains a United Club and International First Class Lounge.
Terminal 8 has nine gates: 8088. This terminal was added for smaller jets and turboprops in 1988 and formerly served Shuttle by United flights. In 2002, United moved all non-Express flights to Terminals 6 and 7. However, Terminal 8 is now used once again for mainline United flights.
The Tom Bradley International Terminal has 12 gates, including six on the north concourse and six on the south concourse. In addition, there are nine satellite gates for international flights located on the west side of LAX. Passengers are ferried to the west side gates by bus. The terminal hosts most of the major international airlines, with the exception of those housed in Terminal 2.
This terminal opened for the 1984 Summer Olympic Games and is named in honor of Tom Bradley, the first African-American and longest serving (20 years) mayor of Los Angeles, and champion of LAX. The terminal is located at the west end of the passenger terminal area between Terminals 3 and 4. Tom Bradley International Terminal hosts 27 airlines, and handles 10 million passengers per year.
In 2010, modernization efforts resulted in additional space for inline baggage screening, three large alliance-aligned lounges plus one unaffiliated lounge (to replace the multiple airline specific lounges) and cosmetic upgrades in the departures and arrivals areas.
On November 17, 2008, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa unveiled design concepts for LAX's Bradley West and Midfield Concourse projects. Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), along with city officials, selected Fentress Architects in association with HNTB to develop a design concept for the modernization of LAX. The emphasis of the modernization is to improve the passenger experience and to keep Los Angeles competitive with other global cities.
On February 22, 2010, construction began on the $1.5 billion Bradley West project, part of the multi-year $4.11 billion LAX improvement and redevelopment projects. The project will add over 1,250,000 square feet (116,000 m2) of shops, restaurants, and passenger lounges, as well as new security screening, customs and immigration, and baggage claim facilities. The terminal's existing two concourses will be demolished and replaced with a larger pair with 18 gates, nine of which will be able to accommodate the larger A380. The terminal is expected to open in phases beginning on September 2012, until the entire Bradley West extension completes in 2014.
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LAX handles more "origin and destination" (i.e. not connecting) passengers than any other airport in the world. It is the world's fifth-busiest airport by passenger traffic as of 2011. In terms of international passengers, LAX is the third-busiest in the U.S. (behind only New York-JFK and Miami International Airport) and 26th worldwide as of October 2011.
United Airlines/United Express operates the most departures from the airport followed by American Airlines/American Eagle and Southwest Airlines. United also operates to the most destinations, followed by American and Alaska Airlines/Horizon. Delta, Qantas, United, and Virgin Australia all operate nonstop services to the most trans-Pacific destinations (three). Air Canada serves the most destinations in Canada (four). Lufthansa serves the most destinations in Europe (two), while Alaska Airlines/Horizon serve the most destinations in Mexico (nine).
|Aeroméxico||Guadalajara, Mexico City
Seasonal: Cancun (begins June 1, 2013), Huatulco (begins June 7, 2013)
|Aeroméxico Connect||Hermosillo, La Paz (Mexico) (begins June 20, 2013), León/Del Bajío, Loreto (Mexico), Mexico City, Monterrey
|Air Canada||Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver||2|
|Air France||Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle||2, TBIT1|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland, London-Heathrow, Rarotonga||22|
|Air Tahiti Nui||Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle||TBIT|
operated by Southwest Airlines
|Alaska Airlines||Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Vancouver, Washington-National
operated by Horizon Air
|Loreto (Mexico), Mammoth Lakes, Medford, San Jose (CA), Santa Rosa, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Sun Valley
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita||TBIT|
|Allegiant Air||Bellingham, Fayetteville (AR) (resumes June 7, 2013), Des Moines, Eugene, Fargo, Grand Junction, Idaho Falls, Medford, Pasco (resumes June 7, 2013), Sioux Falls (begins June 5, 2013), Springfield (MO) (resumes June 7, 2013)
Seasonal: Billings (resumes June 6, 2013), Missoula, Wichita (both resume June 5, 2013),
|American Airlines||Austin, Boston, Chicago-O'Hare, Columbus (OH) (begins August 27, 2013), Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Hartford (resumes August 27, 2013), Honolulu, Kahului, Indianapolis (begins August 27, 2013), Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nashville, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Pittsburgh (begins August 27, 2013), Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, São Paulo-Guarulhos (begins November 21, 2013), Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National||4|
operated by American Eagle Airlines
|Albuquerque, Denver, El Paso, Fayetteville (AR) (resumes August 27, 2013), Fresno, Houston-Intercontinental, Oklahoma City, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Jose (CA)
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Albuquerque, El Paso, Eugene (begins June 12, 2013), Fresno, Monterey, Phoenix, Redmond/Bend (begins June 12, 2013), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Jose (CA), Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Tucson||4 (Satellite)|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||TBIT|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong||TBIT|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou||TBIT|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City||6|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Guatemala City, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Kahului, Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San José (Costa Rica) (begins July 1, 2013), Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Anchorage (begins June 21, 2013), Boston (begins June 10, 2013), Cancún, Columbus (OH), Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta, Seattle/Tacoma (begins June 10, 2013)
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA) (begins June 10, 2013), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane (begins June 10, 2013)
Seasonal: Bozeman (begins June 22, 2013)
|El Al||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||TBIT|
|Great Lakes Airlines||Farmington, Kingman, Merced, Prescott, Visalia||6|
|JetBlue Airways||Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York-JFK||3|
|Korean Air||São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon||TBIT|
|LAN Airlines||Lima, Santiago de Chile||TBIT|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur, Tokyo-Narita||TBIT|
|Singapore Airlines||Singapore, Tokyo-Narita||TBIT|
|Southwest Airlines||Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Tucson||1|
|Spirit Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins April 25, 2013), Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Intercontinental (begins April 25, 2013), Las Vegas||3|
|Sun Country Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul||2|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||TBIT|
|TACA Airlines||San Salvador||2|
operated by Lacsa
|Guatemala City, San Salvador
Seasonal: San José (Costa Rica)
|Thai Airways International||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Seoul-Incheon||TBIT|
|United Airlines||Baltimore, Boston, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Guadalajara, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Kahului, Kona, Las Vegas, León/Del Bajío, Lihue, London-Heathrow, Melbourne, Mexico City, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Pittsburgh, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles
operated by ExpressJet Airlines
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Albuquerque, Austin, Bakersfield, Boise, Carlsbad, Colorado Springs, Dallas/Fort Worth, El Paso, Fresno, Inyokern, Kelowna, Las Vegas, Monterey, Oklahoma City, Palm Springs, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA), San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria, Seattle/Tacoma, Tucson, Vancouver, Wichita (begins May 1, 2013), Yuma
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Montrose
|US Airways||Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix||1|
|Virgin America||Boston, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San Jose (CA) (begins May 1, 2013), Seattle/Tacoma, Washington-Dulles||3|
|Virgin Atlantic Airways||London-Heathrow||2|
|Virgin Australia||Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney||3, 54|
|Volaris||Aguascalientes, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Morelia, Uruapan, Zacatecas||2|
|WestJet||Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver
|ABX Air||Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San José (Costa Rica), Seattle/Boeing Field|
|AeroUnion||Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey|
|Air China Cargo||Beijing-Capital|
|Air Transport International||Toledo|
|Atlas Air||Fairbanks, Guam|
|Cargolux||Calgary, Glasgow-Prestwick, Indianapolis, Luxembourg, Mexico City|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong, Miami, New York-JFK, San Francisco, Vancouver|
|China Airlines Cargo||Anchorage, San Francisco, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong|
|China Southern Cargo||Shanghai-Pudong, Vancouver|
|EVA Air Cargo||Anchorage, San Francisco, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Burbank, Fort Worth/Alliance, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark, Oakland, San Diego, Sydney|
|Florida West International Airways||Bogotá|
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita|
|MasAir||Guadalajara, Mérida, Mexico City, Quito, Campinas-Viracopos|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Tokyo-Narita|
|Polar Air Cargo||Anchorage, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Anchorage, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Nanjing, Sharjah, Singapore, Xiamen|
|UPS Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville|
|World Airways||Baltimore, Boston, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon|
|Yangtze River Express||Shanghai-Pudong|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers||Carriers||Change YoY (%)|
|1||London (Heathrow), United Kingdom||1,300,010||Air New Zealand, American, British Airways, United, Virgin Atlantic||0.1|
|2||Tokyo (Narita), Japan||1,252,414||ANA, American, Delta, JAL, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United||1.2|
|3||Sydney, Australia||1,100,542||Delta, Qantas, United, Virgin Australia||0.3|
|4||Seoul (Incheon), South Korea||955,522||Asiana, Korean Air||1.1|
|5||Taipei (Taoyuan), Taiwan||905,670||China Airlines, EVA Air||0.7|
|6||Vancouver, Canada||804,000||Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, United||0.1|
|7||Guadalajara, Mexico||700,928||Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, United, Volaris||5.4|
|8||Mexico City, Mexico||696,657||Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, United, Volaris||7.6|
|9||Toronto (Pearson), Canada||576,360||Air Canada, American||13.5|
|10||Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France||531,000||Air France, Air Tahiti Nui||1.0|
|1||San Francisco, California||1,721,000||American, Delta, Southwest, United, Virgin America|
|2||New York (JFK), New York||1,593,000||American, Delta, JetBlue, United, Virgin America|
|3||Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois||1,227,000||American, Spirit, United, Virgin America|
|4||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||1,119,000||American, United, Virgin America|
|5||Las Vegas, Nevada||1,099,000||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|6||Honolulu, Hawaii||1,011,000||American, Delta, Hawaiian, United|
|7||Denver, Colorado||914,000||American, Frontier, Southwest, United|
|8||Atlanta, Georgia||899,000||AirTran, Delta|
|9||Phoenix, Arizona||767,000||American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways|
|10||Seattle, Washington||747,000||Alaska, United, Virgin America|
|Source: Los Angeles World Airports |
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
Out of a number of bus systems, many routes (local, rapid and express) of the LACMTA Metro 232 to Long Beach, Line 8 of Torrance Transit, Line 109 of Beach Cities Transit, the Santa Monica Big Blue Bus system's Line 3 and Rapid 3 via Lincoln Blvd to Santa Monica and the Culver CityBus's Line 6 and Rapid 6 via Sepulveda Blvd to Culver City and UCLA all make stops at the LAX Transit Center in Parking Lot C. on 96th St., where shuttle bus "C" offers free connections to and from every LAX terminal, and at the Green Line Station, where shuttle bus "G" connects to and from the terminals.
The FlyAway Bus is a shuttle service run by the LAWA, which currently travels between one of three off-airport areas: San Fernando Valley (Van Nuys), downtown Los Angeles (Union Station), and the Westside (Westwood). The Irvine FlyAway was discontinued on August 31, 2012. The shuttle service stops at every LAX terminal. The service hours vary based on the line. All lines use the regional system of High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to expedite their trips.
Shuttle bus "G" offers a free connection to and from the Aviation/LAX station on the Los Angeles Metro Rail Green Line. The line was originally intended to connect directly to the airport, but budgetary restraints and opposition from local parking lot owners impeded its progress. Part of the long term master plan for LAX and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority calls for a direct Metro Rail stop on either the Green Line or the proposed Crenshaw/LAX Transit Corridor, with a people-mover system connecting the terminals to the airport without need for a shuttle bus. Currently, shuttle bus "G" runs every 1015 minutes (synched with the train schedule) from 5 am 1:30 am. 
Taxicab services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab Supervision Inc. (ATS). ATS maintains a taxicab holding lot under the 96th Street Bridge where, at peak periods, hundreds of cabs queue up to wait their turn to pull into the central terminal area to pick up riders. A number of private shuttle companies also offer limousine and bus services to LAX airport.
The airport also functions as a joint civil-military facility, providing a base for the United States Coast Guard and its Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles facility, operating four HH-65 Dolphin helicopters, which covers Coast Guard operations in various Southern California locations, including Catalina Island.
Missions include search and rescue (SAR), law enforcement, aids to navigation support (such as operating lighthouses) and various military operations. In addition, Coast Guard helicopters assigned to the air station deploy to Coast Guard cutters.
The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights (Condor Airlines) and regular scheduled flights by MGM Grand Air. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for LAX.
The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china, magazines, signs, even a TWA gate information sign.
The museum claims to be "the only aviation museum and research center situated at a major airport and the only facility with a primary emphasis on contributions of civil aviation to the history and development of Southern California". However, there are other museums at major airports including the Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum adjacent to Washington Dulles Airport, the Royal Thai Air Force Museum at Don Muang Airport, the Suomen ilmailumuseo (Finnish Aviation Museum) at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, the Frontier of Flight Museum at Dallas Love Field, the Tulsa Air and Space Museum & Planetarium at Tulsa International Airport and others.
Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963. In 1963 Continental's headquarters moved to a two story, $2.3 million building on the grounds of the airport. The July 2009 Continental Magazine issue stated that the move "underlined Continental's western and Pacific orientation". On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated to the America Tower in the Neartown area of Houston.
During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:
LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX. These include terminal and runway improvements, which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest class of very large passenger aircraft.
These improvements include:
LAWA is also planning to build and operate an LAX Automated People Mover. This small train will connect passengers between the central terminal area and the Metro Green Line, the future Metro Crenshaw Line, and regional and local bus lines.
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