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Thessaloniki International Airport

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Thessaloniki International Airport "Makedonia"
""
IATA: SKG ICAO: LGTS
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Greek Government
Operator Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority
Serves Thessaloniki
Location Mikra, Greece
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 40°3111N 22°5815E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083Coordinates: 40°3111N 22°5815E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083
Website www.ypa.gr
Maps

Map of the airport
SKG
Location of the airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,440 8,005 Asphalt
16/34 2,410 7,907 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 4,950,726
Movements 45,900
Sources: Greek AIP at Eurocontrol[1]
Statistics: Civil Aviation Authority[2]
1 Official airfield data at the Air Traffic Safety Electronic Engineers Association of Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority website lists no official website for the airport.

Thessaloniki International Airport "Macedonia" (Greek: "",[3] Diethnís Kratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía") (IATA: SKGICAO: LGTS), formerly known as Mikra Airport and officially known as Macedonia International Airport (Greek: ), is located 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) south[4] of the White Tower of Thessaloniki in Greece at Thermi.[1]

The airport is the second largest state owned and operated airport in the country after Heraklion International Airport on the isle of Crete. It opened in 1930 and was the second busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third busiest in terms of passengers served in 2014, with almost 5 million passengers served. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and serves the city of Thessaloniki (the second-largest city in Greece), the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of the region.

History[edit]

During World War I the area that the airport currently occupies was used as an airfield and it continued operating as an airfield during World War II. At the time of the German occupation of Greece major projects took place, such as the creation of a 600 metres (2,000 ft) runway, while in 1948 the airport started operations as a civil airport for the first time.

In 1950 the already existing (10/28) runway got paved with asphalt at a length of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and in 1952 it was extended to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). It was the same year that the first airport building was completed, with a control tower on the roof. One year later a new runway (16/34) was built. In 1958 the runway 10/28 underwent reconstruction and was extended to a total length of 2,440 m (8,010 ft) (current length), while runway 16/34 was extended to 2,400 m (7,900 ft), with its completion in 1972. In 2004 a new parallel taxiway for runway 16/34, was opened for use.

In September 1965 a new terminal building opened on a new location (current location). In the period between 1968 and 1973, the terminal was expanded, with the construction of a second floor and its first motorway junction. Due to the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake, the control tower was destroyed, so a new one was constructed, independent of the main terminal building. The next expansion of the terminal took place in two stages, with the projects starting in 1991 and 1993 respectively. The municipality of Thessaloniki, as a European Capital of Culture for 1997, took over a projects for the aesthetic intervention, renovation, modernisation and reorganisation of the spaces of the building.

The terminal building took its current form, when an additional of 19,000 m2 (200,000 sq ft) were added to the western and eastern side of the terminal building, completed in November 2000 and June 2003 respectively. The western extension included the widening of the international departures area (new Extra-Schengen Area), including new administration offices, a new health station and the new station control of Olympic Airlines. The eastern expansion included a new check-in hall, new waiting halls and additional administrative offices for airlines. Today the terminal has a total floor area of 32,000 square metres (340,000 sq ft). Finally, during 20042006 the new motorway junction was completed on the level of the departures entrance of the Terminal and new parking spaces for cars, buses and taxis were created.

Facilities[edit]

Terminal[edit]

The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The first floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores that sell tobacco and magazines and various airlines' offices. The second floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways.

Inside the airport there is one restaurant, four coffee-bars and a tobacco store. Furthermore, except from the duty-free shop, there are stores selling traditional products, jewellery, accessories and clothes. Passengers also can utilize a luggage secure-wrapping service and luggage lockers. An Hellenic Post post office and automated teller machines are available on the passengers' departure area. There is also an office of the Greek National Tourism Organization. Finally, car hire companies can be found in the airport such as AVIS, Europcar, Hertz and Sixt.

Macedonia International Airport operates two passenger lounges:

Aeroclub[edit]

The airport is also the home of Aeolus Aviation Academy, which is a privately owned FTO and Thessaloniki Aeroclub, both offering pilot training.

Runways[edit]

The airport has two runways (10/28 and 16/34) and two taxiways. There are 22 stands for narrow-body aircraft and about 20 for light ones.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Seasonal charter: Ljubljana[citation needed]
Aegean Airlines Athens, Chania, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Heraklion, Larnaca, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Mytilene, Rhodes, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Brussels, Hanover, Kos, Mykonos, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Santorini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal charter: Ankara,[5] Kazan,[6] Rostov-on-Don,[7] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion,[8] Yerevan[9]
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Berlin Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Astra Airlines Chios (PSO),[10] Corfu (PSO),[10] Ikaria (PSO),[11] Kalamata (PSO),[10] Kos, Lemnos (PSO),[11] Mytilene, Samos (PSO)[10]
Seasonal: Cephalonia,[12] Chania,[12][13] Heraklion,[14] Karpathos,[12] Kythira,[13] Mykonos,[13] Patras,[14] Santorini,[13] Zakynthos[12]
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[8]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Seasonal charter: Gomel,[9] Minsk-National[9]
Blue Air Larnaca
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick
Seasonal: Hamburg, Manchester[15]
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg im Breisgau
Ellinair Athens, Kiev-Boryspil, Moscow-Domodedovo, Rostov-on-Don
Seasonal: Astrakhan, Heraklion, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kharkiv, Lviv, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow-Sheremetyevo (begins 22 July 2015),[16] Mykonos, Nizhny Novgorod, Odessa, Perm, Rhodes, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Santorini, Tbilisi, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Almaty,[9] Astana,[9] Dnipropetrovsk,[17] Novosibirsk[9]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Pozna,[18] Wrocaw[19]
Germania Seasonal charter: London-Gatwick[citation needed]
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg, Hanover
Jetairfly Seasonal: Brussels
Niki Seasonal charter: Innsbruck[20][21]
Ryanair Athens, Beauvais, Chania, Charleroi, Hahn, London-Stansted, MilanIl Caravaggio, Paphos, Rome-Ciampino, Weeze
Seasonal: Bremen, Girona, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Moss, Pisa, Stockholm-Skavsta, Warsaw-Modlin
Saratov Airlines Seasonal charter: Saratov[9]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Sky Express Skyros (PSO)[10]
SkyGreece Airlines1 Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Small Planet Airlines (Poland) Seasonal charter: Katowice[22]
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich
TAROM Bucharest
Thomson Airways Seasonal charter: Bristol, East Midlands, London-Gatwick, Manchester
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris-Orly
Travel Service Seasonal: Prague (under the SmartWings brand)
Seasonal charter: Gdask,[23] Ostrava,[24][25] Prague,[citation needed] Warsaw-Chopin[26]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal: Kiev-Boryspil
Ural Airlines Charter: Krasnodar[9]
UTair Aviation Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Budapest
Yamal Airlines Seasonal charter: Tyumen[9]

^1 Due to short runway length, the flight makes a refueling stop in Budapest. Passengers are not allowed to disembark the aircraft.

Transatlantic Service[edit]

SkyGreece Airlines will start the first seasonal transatlantic flights with a Boeing 767 to Toronto.[27] However, due to the short runways the aircraft will make a stop in Budapest.

Passenger and cargo traffic[edit]

Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki International Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010.[2] Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.[2]

Apart from passengers, the airport also handled 8.2 thousand tons of freight in 2010, a considerable drop from the 21.4 thousand tons it handled in 1997.[2]

Year Passengers
Domestic International Total
1994 719,846 1,507,641 2,227,487
1995 795,085 1,541,134 2,336,219
1996 922,190 1,577,702 2,499,892
1997 1,108,736 1,688,430 2,797,166
1998 1,039,149 1,627,926 2,667,075
1999 1,328,976 1,857,745 3,186,721
2000 1,533,383 2,014,644 3,548,027
Year Passengers
Domestic International Total
2001 1,343,366 2,087,453 3,430,819
2002 1,219,063 2,038,373 3,257,436
2003 1,446,677 2,054,245 3,500,922
2004 1,496,411 2,124,498 3,620,909
2005 1,462,505 2,208,076 3,670,581
2006 1,486,833 2,316,021 3,802,854
2007 1,644,950 2,523,019 4,167,969
Year Passengers
Domestic International Total
2008 1,611,883 2,557,676 4,169,559
2009 1,713,890 2,390,305 4,104,195
2010 1,682,071 2,228,680 3,910,751
2011 1,487,972 2,470,503 3,958,475
2012 1,449,116 2,557,088 4,006,204
2013 1,409,608 2,629,968 4,039,576
2014 1,892,018 3,058,708 4,950,726
Jan-Mai 2015 897,873 963,443 1,861,316

Ground Transport[edit]

Thessaloniki Bus Route No. 78N
Macedonia InterCity Bus Terminal (KTEL)
Intermediate stations
Gefyra
Omospondia
Oryzomyloi
Michanourgeio O.S.E.
Vosporos
Mpalta
Koleti
Strofi Eptalofou
Agion Panton
New Railway Station
Zografou
Kolomvou
Antigonidon
Alkazar Plateia Aristotelous
Plateia Aristotelous Mitropolitou Gennadiou
Agias Sofias
Iasonidou
Kamara
Sintrivani
AHEPA
Panepistimio Makedonias
Mouseio Vyzantinou Politismou
Dimarhiako Megaro
Intermediate stations
Evzonon 424 Stratiotiko Nosokomeio
Faliro Theageneio
Scholi Tyflon Ippokrateio
Laografiko Mouseio Dimitriou Mitropoulou
Mpotsari
Analipsi Mpotsari
Georgiou Vrysaki
25is Martiou
Gefyra Voulgari
Agios Eleftherios
Perifereiaki Enotita Thessalonikis
Vyzantio
Krikela Aigaiou
Periptero Krikela
Agios Panteleimon
Stratopedo Stratopedo 1
Stratopedo 2
Nosokomeio Agios Pavlos
Amaxostasio
Agora
Pronoia
Loumidi
Kalamari
VIAMYL
SASTH
IKEA
Emporiko Kentro
Polyfota
Georgiki Scholi
Astynomia
Macedonia International Airport - Departures
Macedonia International Airport - Arrivals
Public transport[edit]

The airport is served on a 24-hour basis by Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH);

  • To downtown Thessaloniki
    • 78/78A/78N
  • To Chalkidiki bus station[28]
    • 78A/79 to A. S. IKEA (Anatolikos Stathmos IKEA), catch bus number 36/36A/36B to Ktel Chalkidikis
    • 78/78N to Emporiko Kentro stop, catch bus number 36/36A/36B from A. S. IKEA (Anatolikos Stathmos IKEA) OASTH bus terminus to Ktel Chalkidikis
  • To Macedonia Intercity Bus Station,[29] where buses depart for many cities of mainland Greece, plus Corfu, Crete, Lefkada and Zakynthos. A map of the destinations served is hosted on the station's website[30]
    • 78/78A/78N to T. S. KTEL (Termatikos Stathmos KTEL)
  • To Thessaloniki's train station
    • 78/78A/78N to N. S. Stathmos (Neos Sidirodromikos Stathmos)
  • To the port of Thessaloniki
    • 78 to Plateia Aristotelous stop, which is 500 m (1,600 ft) from the port
    • 78N to Antigonidon stop, which is 700 m (2,300 ft) from the port
  • To Albatrans bus terminus,[31] where buses depart for Albania
    • 78/78A/78N to N. S. Stathmos (Neos Sidirodromikos Stathmos), buses depart from Giannitson street
  • To Crazy Holidays,[32] where buses depart for Albania
    • 78/78A/78N to N. S. Stathmos (Neos Sidirodromikos Stathmos), buses depart from Kalou Michail 14 street
  • To Olympic Lines bus stop,[33] where buses depart for Hungary, Serbia and Slovakia (from 26is Oktovriou street)
    • 78 to I.K.A. stop
    • 78N to Kolomvou stop

In September 2010 it was announced that an extension of the under construction Thessaloniki Metro to the airport is under consideration. The manufacturing company considers the possibility of constructing the extension with an over-ground rail-based transportation system, such as a monorail.

Car and taxi[edit]

The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25 (the Thessaloniki-Chalkidiki motorway) via the 67; offering direct access via the Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways; making transportation to and from Macedonia International Airport relatively easy. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building and taxis are available at the designated taxi waiting area, located outside the arrivals exit. The taxi fare to the city center is approximately 1520 from 5 am to 12 pm, while from 12 pm to 5 am expect to be charged an extra 10 for this particular route.

Future[edit]

As part of a comprehensive masterplan released by the government in 2002, several projects have been started to improve Macedonia International Airport. Other than the building works on the current terminal, including the construction of a new cargo terminal, the masterplan features two major projects.

Runway extension[edit]

Phase 1 of the masterplan includes the expansion of existing runway 10/28 and is currently under construction. During the process of the project design, 80 Greek and 5 Danish civil engineers and scientists from other specialties have worked on the project. Both the runway and the taxiway will be extended by 1,150 m (3,770 ft), 1,000 m (3,300 ft) out into the sea, resulting in a runway that will have a total length of 3,440 m (11,290 ft) with an extra safety distance of 150 m (490 ft). Its width will be 50 m (160 ft) while the taxiway's width, which will be located at an axial distance of 183 m (600 ft) from the runway, will be 23 m (75 ft). The new runway and taxiway sections will be equipped with appropriate lighting and control systems, that will extend a further 750 m (2,460 ft) into the sea. The completion date was set in July 2011, but due to financial problems of the manufacturing company, reactions of environmental organizations and residents of the surrounding areas, fearing ecological dangers by extending land into the sea, the project has been held back. A new completion date for December 2012 was set,[34][35] only to be pushed further back to July 2013 and then December 2015.[36][37] The expansion of the runway will allow for the landing of larger aircraft, such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380, and increase safety, as the aircraft will have greater flexibility and visual contact on days with bad weather conditions.

Terminal 2[edit]

Phase 2 of the masterplan has heralded the construction of a new larger terminal, together with a new apron for 36 aircraft, of which 14 will be stationed at contact place. The second phase of the masterplan will drastically increase the status of the airport and eliminate existing passenger traffic problems, especially during the summer period. The new terminal will be able to accommodate 8 million passengers per year (in peak hours 2.800 passengers for departures or arrivals) while the terminal's total area is expected that it will be 115,000 m2 (1,240,000 sq ft).[38] In December 2010, the Greek government revealed that there are thoughts for the construction of the new terminal through private investing, the same way in which Athens International Airport was realised. Until now no further official announcement has been issued.

Macedonia International Airport masterplan
The new terminal. 
Map of the airport after the completion of both phases. 

Incidents[edit]

  • On 4 July 2000, HA-LCR, a chartered Malév Flight 262 Tupolev Tu-154 landed on its belly. The crew had forgotten to lower the undercarriage and the plane skidded 400 m (1,300 ft) on the runway. Thanks to the plane's robust construction and the engines' high position, the plane was able to become airborne again as the pilots applied full throttle. It circled while the crew lowered the undercarriage and landed safely. There were no injuries. It was considered uneconomical to repair the aircraft. The aircraft still remains on site,[41] although airline markings have been obscured and heavily depleted of re-usable spares.
  • On 22 January 2010, a SunExpress plane flying from Germany to Turkey carrying 69 passengers made a safe emergency landing at the airport. According to a Greek civil aviation official who declined to be named, the pilot had received a bomb threat call on his mobile phone.
  • On 15 Jun 2013, AMC Airlines flight A2-921 a Boeing 737-800 on behalf of Astra Airlines, registration SU-BPZ, from Novosibirsk (Russia) with 160 passengers, landed on runway 16 but overran the end of the runway by about 110 metres (360 ft) and came to a stop with all gear on soft ground. No injuries occurred, the aircraft received minor if any damage.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 12 July 2015. (registration required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b c d "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  3. ^ '' (). Hellenic Civilian Aviation Authority (in Greek). www.hcaa.gr. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Wind Direction and Degrees
  5. ^ " 2015 / Aegean Airlines!". Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  6. ^ " ". kazan.aero. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Flight Timetable". rnd-airport.ru. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Online Flight Timetable Ben Gurion Airport". iaa.gov.il. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Mouzenidis". mouzenidis.gr. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Official Journal of the European Union C 321/6". EUR-Lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "2014/C 164/07". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c d "New Summer Destinations". Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d "New Summer Destinations". Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  14. ^ a b "New flights from Thessaloniki and Athens!". astra-airlines.gr. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Cheap flights from Thessaloniki to Manchester". easyjet.com. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  16. ^ http://el.ellinair.com/
  17. ^ "Schedule". dnk.aero. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "Pozna". rainbowtours.pl. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  19. ^ "Wrocaw". rainbowtours.pl. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "INNSBRUCK AIRPORT CHARTER FLIGHTS TO / FROM INNSBRUCK SUMMER 2015 - 29.03. - 24.10.15" (PDF). innsbruck-airport.com. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  21. ^ NIKI Adds New Innsbruck Charter Routes in S15
  22. ^ "Katowice". rainbowtours.pl. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Gdask". rainbowtours.pl. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  24. ^ "Thessaloniki". airport-ostrava.cz. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "LETO 2015" (PDF). nikolas.cz. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  26. ^ "Warszawa". rainbowtours.pl. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  27. ^ Thessaloniki to Toronto
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ Bus Information Map
  31. ^ Albatrans
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ Olympic Lines
  34. ^ " ". 5 July 2010. p. 14. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  35. ^ "Transatlantic flights in 2013" (in Greek). agelioforos.gr. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  36. ^ """ 2015". Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  37. ^ " 3 : " 1028 ( ) """". 21 June 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  38. ^ "Airport terminal masterplan" (in Greek). Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Retrieved 23 June 2011. [dead link]
  39. ^ a b "Accident description Olympic Airways Flight 171". www.aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  40. ^ "Photo Search results". www.airliners.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  41. ^ "Photos: Tupolev Tu-154B-2 aircraft". www.airliners.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  42. ^ "The Aviation Herald". www.avherald.com. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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