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|McCarran International Airport|
|IATA: LAS ICAO: KLAS FAA LID: LAS|
|Serves||Las Vegas, Nevada|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||2,181 ft / 665 m|
|Sources: ACI and FAA|
McCarran International Airport (IATA: LAS, ICAO: KLAS, FAA LID: LAS) is the principal commercial airport serving Las Vegas and Clark County, Nevada, United States. The airport is five miles (8 km) south of downtown Las Vegas, in the unincorporated area of Paradise in Clark County. It covers 2,800 acres (1,100 ha) and has four runways. McCarran is owned by Clark County and operated by the Clark County Department of Aviation (DOA). McCarran Airport served as a hub for Great Lakes Airlines. It is a focus city for Allegiant Air and Southwest Airlines; and is the largest operation base for both Allegiant and Southwest. The airport became a crew and maintenance base for Spirit Airlines in February 2012. It is named after the former Nevada Senator Pat McCarran (18761954).
In 2012 McCarran ranked 24th in the world for passenger traffic, with 40,799,830 passengers passing through the terminal. The airport ranked 8th in the world for aircraft movements with 527,739 takeoffs and landings. McCarran and the DOA are self-sufficient enterprises, requiring no money from the County's general fund.
As of November 2009 Southwest Airlines operated more flights out of McCarran than any other airport. Southwest also carries the most passengers in and out of McCarran. Southwest currently operates out of 21 gates, primarily in Concourse C. Since 2008, Canadian airline WestJet has become the largest international carrier at McCarran.
The largest scheduled airlines at McCarran by passengers carried in the first 11 months of 2009 are Southwest Airlines (38.3%), US Airways/US Airways Express (11.8%), United Airlines/United Express (6.9%), Delta Air Lines/Delta Connection (5.6%), and American Airlines (5.5%).
American aviator George Crockett, a descendant of frontiersman Davy Crockett, established Alamo Airport in 1942 on the site currently occupied by McCarran International. In 1929 the old Las Vegas Airport, which would become Nellis AFB, was nothing more than a dirt runway, a water well and a small operations shack for Western Air Express Airlines. The United States Army Air Corps had been looking at the Las Vegas area since the 1930s, when it had used the Western Air Express Fieldlater renamed McCarran Field, northeast of Las Vegas for its training flights. In 1941 the Army concluded a lease with the City of Las Vegas to use McCarran Field until construction was completed on the gunnery range airfield. In 1942 the old Las Vegas Airport was still operating commercial flights, when TWA Flight 3 crashed. On January 16, 1942, 15 minutes after takeoff from the old Las Vegas Airport (now Nellis AFB) bound for Burbank, the aircraft slammed into a sheer cliff on Potosi Mountain, 32 miles southwest of the airport, at an elevation of 7,770 ft above sea level, and was destroyed. All nineteen passengers on board, including movie star Carole Lombard, married to Hollywood legend Clark Gable, with her mother, and all three crew members, died in the crash. In 1948 Clark County purchased the airfield from Crockett to establish the Clark County Public Airport, and all commercial operations moved there. On December 20, 1948 the airport was renamed McCarran Field for U.S. Senator Pat McCarran, a longtime Nevada politician who authored the Civil Aeronautics Act and played a major role in developing aviation nationwide.
The April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 33 weekday departures on Western, United, TWA and Bonanza.
The terminal moved from Las Vegas Boulevard South to Paradise Road, opening on March 15, 1963. The terminal, designed by Welton Becket and Associates and John Replogle, was inspired by the TWA terminal at JFK. It was the basis for the United Airlines terminal at O'Hare International Airport seven years later.
In 1978 Senator Howard Cannon pushed the Airline Deregulation Act through Congress. Airlines no longer had to get the federal government's permission to fly to a city, but instead dealt directly with airports to establish additional routes. Just after deregulation, the number of airlines serving McCarran doubled from seven to 14.
An expansion plan called McCarran 2000 was adopted in 1978 and funded by a $300 million bond issue in 1982. The three-phase plan included a new central terminal; a nine-level parking facility; runway additions and expansions; additional gates; upgraded passenger assistance facilities; and a new tunnel and revamped roadways into the airport. The first phase of McCarran 2000 opened in 1985 and was completed by 1987.
In the 1990s all gates and check in counters were upgraded to use a common set of computer hardware. CUTE, Common Use Terminal Equipment. This eliminates the need for each airline to have their own equipment and allows the airport to reassign gates and counters without having to address individual airlines' computer systems. While portions of Los Angeles International Airport and San Francisco International Airport deployed CUTE prior to McCarran, as of 2008 it remains the only major airport in the USA that is 100 percent common use. (White Plains, N.Y., is also a 100 percent common use airport, though it has only eight gates.) McCarran's CUTE system also supports several airlines' use of the Cockpit Access Security System, or CASS. In Europe, and to some extent the Asia-Pacific rim, CUTE has been widely prevalent for much longer.
On October 16, 2003 the airport installed SpeedCheck kiosks which allow customers to obtain a boarding pass without having to go to a specific airline kiosk or counter. McCarran was the first airport in the US to provide this service and the first in the world to provide the service to all airlines from a single kiosk. At the same time, 6 kiosks were activated at the Las Vegas Convention Center allowing convention attendees to get boarding passes on their way to the airport. This system was enhanced to add printing of baggage tags in 2005.
In 2003 the airport announced it was implementing a baggage-tracking system that will use Radio-frequency identification (RFID) bag tags from Matrics Inc. to improve air safety. The decision to implement the tracking system makes McCarran one of the first airports to use the RFID technology airportwide.
On January 4, 2005 the airport started offering wireless internet service at no charge. The signal is available in the boarding areas and most other public areas. While not the first airport to offer free WiFi throughout the entire facility, the airport was perhaps the first major airport with free WiFi throughout. At the time, this was the largest (2 million square feet (180,000 m²)) free wireless Internet installation in the world.
In 2005 the D Gates NE wing opened adding 10 gates.
On April 4, 2007 the consolidated rental car facility opened, 3 miles (5 km) from the terminals (see Transportation section). The distance from the airport (including a segment of US Interstate 215) requires the facility be permanently linked via bus to the airport.
In 2008 the D Gates NW wing opened with 9 more gates.
Due to Continental Airlines moving into the Star Alliance, along with cost-cutting moves at US Airways because of the 2008 night-flight hub closure, the US Airways Club was closed on September 13, 2009. All passengers flying on US Airways or United Airlines could access the Presidents Club in Concourse D. Delta Air Lines' Crown Room lounge had previously closed in 2001.
The US Airways night-flight hub operation, established in 1986 by predecessor America West Airlines, made the carrier McCarran's second busiest airline. Due to the 2008 energy crisis the night hub was closed in September 2008. US Airways closed its crew base on January 31, 2010. On August 31, 2011, US Airways announced that it will keep shrinking its operations by cutting 40% of its flights out of Las Vegas. The airline eliminated nonstop service to Boston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fresno, Los Angeles, and San Francisco on November 29, 2011 leaving the airline with only flights from Las Vegas to its hubs in Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, and its focus city at Washington Reagan National Airport.
McCarran International Airport has two public passenger terminals. Other terminals service private aircraft, U.S. government contractors, sightseeing flights and cargo.
Terminal 1 handles most flights and contains a total of 96 gates in four concourses: Concourse A (A3, A5, A7, A8, A10-A12, A14, A15, A17-A23). One wing of the Concourse A (Gates A17-A23) is closed because those gates are currently unused. Concourse B (gates B1-B2, B6, B9-B12, B14, B15, B17, B19-B25), Concourse C (gates C1-C4, C5, C7-C9, C11, C12, C14, C16, C19, C21-C25), and Concourse D (gates D1-D12, D14, D16-D26, D31-D43, D50-D59), completed in June 1998. The McCarran International Airport Automated People Movers connect with Concourse C and the satellite Concourse D with a centralized check-in and baggage claim area. The C gates were added in October 1987 with a new, 12-lane screening checkpoint added on September 30, 1998.
Terminal 2 opened on December 18, 1991, as The Charter International Terminal and was used for all international as well as most charter flights into Las Vegas. It contained eight gates (T2-1 through T2-8), four of which were equipped with facilities for international flights. Terminal 2 closed on June 28, 2012, and will be demolished at a date that has not been set.
Terminal 3, opened on June 27, 2012, is used for all international flights as well as some domestic airlines. The terminal contains 14 gates in Concourse E (E1-E12, E14-15), with the easternmost 7 gates being used for international flights. A people mover system connects Terminal 3 to Concourse D.
Terminal 3, the largest public works project in Nevada, cost $2.4 billion and was constructed in one phase opening on June 27, 2012. At opening, McCarran had 117 gates and its own bag claim, ticketing and parking facilities (as with Terminal 2) including a multistory parking garage with 5,954 spaces. The 2,300 feet (700 m) long terminal offers 162 check in locations. It has almost 300 slot machines and four welcome signs inspired by the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign. It was designed by PGAL Architecture, Robert A. Fielden, Inc., and Welles Puglsey Architect.
In addition to hosting all international carriers, Terminal 3 is the home of Alaska Airlines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways, Sun Country Airlines, Virgin America, operating out of Concourse E and, Hawaiian Airlines and United Airlines, which continue to operate out of Concourse D.
|Aeroméxico||Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey, Puerto Peñasco (begins June 20, 2013)||3-E|
|Air Canada||Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver||3-E|
operated by Southwest Airlines
|Atlanta, Orange County
Seasonal: Baltimore (begins April 24, 2013)
|Alaska Airlines||Bellingham, Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma||3-E|
|Allegiant Air||Appleton, Bellingham, Bentonville/Fayetteville, Billings, Bismarck, Boise, Bozeman, Casper, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago-Rockford, Colorado Springs, Des Moines, Duluth, Eugene, Fargo, Fresno, Grand Forks, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Great Falls, Honolulu, Idaho Falls, Kalispell, Laredo, McAllen (TX), Medford, Minot, Missoula, Monterey, Moline/Quad Cities, Pasco, Peoria, Phoenix/Mesa, Plattsburgh, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Santa Maria (CA), Shreveport, Sioux Falls, Springfield/Branson, South Bend, Stockton, Wichita||1-D|
|American Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK||1-D|
|British Airways||London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow||3-E|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City||3-E|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Orlando, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma (Begins June 10, 2013)||1-D|
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Seattle/Tacoma (begins June 10, 2013), Los Angeles, Salt Lake City||1-D|
|Interjet||Monterrey, Toluca/Mexico City||3-E|
|JetBlue Airways||Boston, Long Beach, New York-JFK||3-E|
|Omni Air International||Honolulu
|Southwest Airlines||Albany, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Columbus (OH), Denver, Des Moines (begins September 29, 2013), Detroit, El Paso, Flint (begins August 11, 2013), Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Lubbock, Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Tulsa, Wichita (begins June 2, 2013)
Seasonal: Cleveland, Hartford/Springfield, Jacksonville (FL), Manchester (NH) (ends August 10, 2013), Norfolk/Virginia Beach, Providence
|Spirit Airlines||Baltimore, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Oakland, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), San Diego
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale
|Sun Country Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Glasgow-International, Manchester (UK)||3-E|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles||3-D|
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Denver, Fresno, Los Angeles, Palm Springs, San Francisco||3-D|
|US Airways||Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Washington-National||1-A|
|US Airways Express
operated by SkyWest Airlines
|Virgin America||Los Angeles, New York-JFK, San Francisco||3-E|
|Virgin Atlantic Airways||London-Gatwick, Manchester (UK)||3-E|
|Volaris||Guadalajara, Mexico City||3-E|
|WestJet||Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Kelowna, Ottawa, Regina, Saskatoon, Victoria
|XL Airways France||Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle||3-E|
|1||Los Angeles, California||1,090,000||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|2||Denver, Colorado||875,000||Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|3||San Francisco, California||868,000||Southwest, United, Virgin America|
|4||Phoenix, Arizona||748,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|5||Atlanta, Georgia||702,000||AirTran, Delta, Southwest|
|6||Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois||619,000||American, Spirit, United|
|7||Seattle, Washington||566,000||Alaska, Southwest|
|8||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||555,000||American, Spirit|
|9||New York (JFK), New York||543,000||American, Delta, JetBlue, Virgin America|
|10||San Diego, California||478,000||Southwest, Spirit|
|1||WestJet||798,435||Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Kelowna, Ottawa, Regina, Saskatoon, Victoria
|2||Air Canada||423,029||Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver|
|3||Virgin Atlantic Airways||275,533||London-Gatwick, Manchester (UK)|
|5||Mexicana||133,696||No longer operating|
|6||Aeromexico||126,558||Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey|
|7||Philippine Airlines||70,389||Manila, Vancouver|
|10||Sunwing Airlines||51,516||Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver|
At McCarran, there is a terminal devoted to cargo airline operations for:
|FedEx Express||Memphis, Oakland|
|UPS Airlines||Louisville, Ontario|
|Antonov Airlines||Hong Kong|
In 2004 McCarran handled 201,135,520 pounds of cargo.
McCarran Airport is reached from Tropicana Avenue (State Route 593) to the north or the Las Vegas Beltway (Interstate 215) to the south. Vehicles enter the airport via the McCarran Airport Connector, which includes Paradise Road/Swenson Street and the airport tunnel.
The Consolidated Rental Car Facility, 3 miles (4.8 km) from the airport at 7135 Gilespie Street, has 5,000 parking spaces on multiple levels and on 68 acres (28 ha) of land. A fleet of 40 buses provides free transportation from the terminals to the facility, which upon opening housed 11 car rental companies. The Facility is not accessible by foot from the Strip. It is accessed by customers via US Interstate 215, or by bus. Rental firms advise customers to allow additional time to account for locating and driving to the facility, and the bus ride back to the airport. Advantage, Savmore, Payless, and Enterprise use an access control system based on single-use bar codes. Participating agencies issue a slip similar to a slot-machine voucher which activates vehicle anti-theft devices in the rental lot, permitting the single vehicle to exit the lot.
In 2007 airport officials estimated the maximum capacity for the airport at 53 million passengers and 625,000 aircraft movements per year. As McCarran was predicted to reach this capacity around 2017, Ivanpah Airport near Primm was planned as a relief airport in the late 1990s. However, due to a downturn in traffic due to the Great Recession, the passenger count dropped to 39.8 million in 2010. Also, recently the FAA began making progress on the Next Generation Air Transportation System to allow more flights per hour essentially increasing capacity beyond 53 million passengers per year. As of June 2011, the Ivanpah Airport is completing environmental assessments but is officially on hold while the Department of Aviation has asked airport planners to study adding additional gates to the former Terminal 2 site once Terminal 3 opens for additional capacity.
A plan to extend the Las Vegas Monorail to McCarran is under consideration. This proposed extension will add underground stations at Terminal 1 and at Terminal 3. The part of the extension north of the airport will be elevated. This expansion is opposed by taxi and limousine services who garner significant revenues shuttling the public to and from the airport.
The Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum is located on the Esplanade, Level 2, above the baggage claim area. This small museum is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and concentrates on Las Vegas airline history. Items on display include a copy of the first emergency vehicle that was used on the airfield. Admittance is free. A small branch of the museum is located at the D gates, and some of the other concourses and check-in areas also have small displays. The current curator of the museum is Mark Hall-Patton, a 20th century historian and administrator of the Clark County Museum, who has frequently appeared as an appraisal expert on the reality television series, Pawn Stars.
Some of the public art displays in McCarran Airport includes:
The airport operates a VIP lounge in Terminal 2 for full fare first class passengers.
On July 12, 2008 Continental Airlines added a Presidents Club in Terminal 1, Concourse D located between gates 33 and 35 on the 3rd floor. Following the merger with United Airlines, it has been rebranded as a United Club. This club is open from 5:30 AM to 12:30 AM daily and is also open to US Airways Club members.
When the new Terminal 3 opens, Gideon Toal Management Services will open a generic lounge and contract with multiple carriers so that passengers of many airlines will be able to use one facility.
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