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|Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport|
|IATA: PHX ICAO: KPHX FAA LID: PHX|
|Owner||City of Phoenix|
|Operator||Phoenix Airport System|
|Serves||Phoenix metropolitan area|
|Focus city for||Southwest Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||1,135 ft / 346 m|
|FAA airport diagram|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX, FAA LID: PHX) is a joint civil-military public airport located 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of the central business district of the city of Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, and the largest commercial airport in the American Southwest.
In 2011, the airport served 40,591,948 passengers, making it the ninth busiest in the United States in terms of passengers and one of the top 15 busiest airports in the world with a 90 million dollar daily economic impact. On a daily basis the airport handles about 1,266 aircraft that arrive and depart, along with 111,210 passengers daily, and more than 828 tons of cargo handled. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records show the airport had 19,225,050 commercial passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2010 and 20,213,897 enplanements in 2011.
The airport is the primary regional hub and gateway for Mexican and Hawaiian departures for Tempe-based US Airways and is a focus city for Southwest Airlines. US Airways is the airport's largest carrier.
Sky Harbor was the fourth airport built in Phoenix. It was established with one runway in 1928 by Scenic Airways, an airline start-up which collapsed the following year after the Black Thursday stock market crash. Acme Investment Company then owned the airport until 1935. During this time, American Airlines began the first scheduled passenger and air mail service to the airport in 1930. The city of Phoenix purchased the airport from Acme for $100,000 in 1935, and TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938.
After the war the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and diagonal cross runway. The $835,000 Terminal 1 (originally called the "West Terminal") which also housed the airport's first control tower, opened in October 1952. It was torn down in 1991 and replaced by a cell phone waiting lot.
The April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza and 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York (Idlewild) in summer 1959.
The airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals. American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 respectively, and Terminal 2 (originally called the "East Terminal") still in use today, opened in 1962. Terminal 3 opened in October 1979, when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals.
Bonanza Airlines relocated its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West in 1968, which was renamed Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes purchased it in 1970.
Following airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a business plan for a new airline based in Phoenix. He founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West had a nationwide route network from Phoenix and was lobbying for transpacific service.
In the meantime Southwest Airlines inaugurated its Phoenix operation in January 1982 with thirteen daily flights to twelve cities; by 1986 it had 64 daily flights from Phoenix and was running a crew base there. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992 which was the largest in its network.
In October 1989 ground was broken for Terminal 4, its largest terminal. It opened on November 2, 1990. The terminal was originally built with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994, the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 new gates and a sterile walkway connecting it to the S4 concourse. In 1997, construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse, for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million, completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for Southwest Airlines. This project was completed in 2004 and features a different architectural design from the other six concourses. The eighth and final concourse for Terminal 4 will be built when needed. Terminal 4 is currently named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater. After Goldwater's death in 1998, the mayor of Phoenix proposed renaming the entire airport in Goldwater's memory, but was quickly deluged with public support for maintaining the familiar "Sky Harbor" name.
America West filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991 and sold its larger aircraft and Japanese route authority, but continued growing its domestic operations from Terminal 4 in cooperation with Continental Airlines. Although AWA enjoyed further growth at Phoenix during the 1990s the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks strained its financial position. AWA ended its relationship with Continental and merged with US Airways in 2005. US Airways moved its headquarters to the former AWA campus in Tempe and retained many AWA managers to run the merged company.
Phoenix has consistent winds, and Sky Harbor is one of the largest airports in the world to have all runways parallel.
The airport's current 326-foot (99-meter) tall air traffic control tower began operations on January 14, 2007. The tower stands just east of the Terminal 3 parking garage, and also houses the Phoenix TRACON. This is Sky Harbor's fourth control tower and is among the tallest control towers in North America.
The airport has over 120 aircraft gates in three Terminals (2, 3, 4). The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired", and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place. Free wireless internet access is available in all terminals.
Terminal 2 has 9 gates (numbered inconsecutively 1-13 and two additional lettered gates C & D) and three parking slots. It was designed by the Phoenix architectural firms of Weaver & Drover and Lescher & Mahoney and opened in 1962. This terminal includes a mural by French-American artist Paul Coze. In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room, sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission, was opened in Terminal 2. This terminal has undergone two renovation projects. The first was completed in 1988. The second project, which cost $24 million and was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., was completed in 2007.
The 880,000 square-feet, $35 million Terminal 3, designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., broke ground in January 1977 opened in October 1979 and has 17 gates, separated into two concourses by a central building outside of security. The south concourse houses gates 29 and the north concourse houses gates 15-26. The terminal was remodeled in 1997. Its only lounge - Delta's Crown Room Club - was closed on April 30, 2008.
Terminal 4, also designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., opened in 1990 and has more than 90 gates, divided into seven satellite concourses connected behind security. Three northern concourses (gates A1-A14, A17-A30, B1-B14) serve US Airways and US Airways Express exclusively. The northeastern concourse "B" houses the international gates (B23-B28). The three southern concourses (gates C1-C10, C11-C20, D1-D8) serve Southwest Airlines exclusively. Terminal 4 handles about 80% of the traffic at the airport.
British Airways provides the airport's only nonstop service outside of North America to London-Heathrow, as well as the only passenger flights on Boeing 747 involving the airport (America West once operated Boeing 747's to Hawaii and Japan from Sky Harbor). US Airways and Hawaiian Airlines offer non-stop service outside the Continental United States to Hawaii. US Airways and Aeroméxico Connect offer non-stop service to cities in Mexico and US Airways, Air Canada, and WestJet offer non-stop service to parts of Canada, while US Airways alone, offers non-stop service to parts of Alaska and Central America. When Denver International Airport commences service to Tokyo on June 10, 2013, Phoenix will become the busiest airport in the United States that doesn't offer service to Asia, although the airport is actively seeking such service.
|Aeroméxico Connect||Hermosillo||4 - B|
|4 - B|
|Alaska Airlines||Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma||2, [3-North from 2013]|
|American Airlines||Chicago-OHare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||3 - South|
|American Eagle operated by SkyWest Airlines||Los Angeles||3 - South|
|British Airways||London-Heathrow||4 - B|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City
|3 - North|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Seasonal: Memphis||3 - North|
|Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines||Los Angeles, Salt Lake City||3 - North|
|Frontier Airlines||Denver||3 - North|
|Frontier Airlines operated by Republic Airlines||Denver||3 - North|
|Great Lakes Airlines||Farmington, Page, Santa Fe, Show Low, Silver City||2|
|Hawaiian Airlines||Honolulu||3 - South|
|JetBlue Airways||Boston, New York-JFK||3 - South|
|Southwest Airlines||Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Columbus (OH), Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tulsa
|4 - C & D|
|Sun Country Airlines||Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul||3 - North|
|United Airlines||Chicago-OHare, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles||2|
|United Express operated by ExpressJet||Houston-Intercontinental, Denver||2|
|United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Los Angeles, San Francisco||2|
|US Airways||Albuquerque, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Boston, Burbank, Charlotte, Chicago-OHare, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fresno, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kansas City, Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Newark, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Washington-National||4 - A & B|
|US Airways||Calgary, Cancún, Edmonton, Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Vancouver
Seasonal: Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Manzanillo, San José de Costa Rica
|4 - B|
|US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Albuquerque, Austin, Bakersfield, Burbank, El Paso, Fresno, Guadalajara, Long Beach, Oakland, Omaha, Orange County, Palm Springs, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, Santa Barbara, Tucson
Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver
|4 - B|
|US Airways Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Albuquerque, Bakersfield, Burbank, Des Moines, Durango (CO), El Paso, Flagstaff, Fresno, Grand Junction, Hermosillo, Monterey, Oakland, Palm Springs, San Luis Obispo, Salt Lake City, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Tucson, Yuma||4 - B|
Seasonal: Edmonton, Kelowna, Regina, Saskatoon, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg
|4 - B|
|1||Denver, CO||921,000||Frontier, Southwest, United, US Airways|
|2||Los Angeles, CA||776,000||American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways|
|3||Las Vegas, NV||759,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|4||San Diego, CA||674,000||Southwest, US Airways|
|5||Seattle/Tacoma, WA||636,000||Alaska, Southwest, US Airways|
|6||Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN||606,000||Delta, Southwest, Sun Country, US Airways|
|7||Chicago, IL (O'Hare)||583,000||American, United, US Airways|
|8||Atlanta, GA||581,000||AirTran, Delta, Southwest, US Airways|
|9||Salt Lake City, UT||581,000||Delta, Southwest, US Airways|
|10||Dallas/Fort Worth, TX||567,000||American, US Airways|
|1||Calgary, Canada||320,964||Air Canada, US Airways, WestJet|
|2||San José del Cabo, Mexico||301,640||US Airways|
|3||Vancouver, Canada||220,263||US Airways, WestJet|
|4||Puerto Vallarta, Mexico||209,093||US Airways|
|5||Guadalajara, Mexico||190,679||US Airways|
|6||London, United Kingdom (Heathrow)||173,199||British Airways|
|7||Mexico City, Mexico||165,069||US Airways|
|8||Edmonton, Canada||142,099||US Airways, WestJet|
|9||Cancún, Mexico||133,764||US Airways|
|10||Toronto, Canada||117,385||Air Canada|
Sky Harbor has an average of 1,232 aircraft operations per day.
|Commercial||Air Taxi||GA Transient||Military|
There are 75 aircraft based at Sky Harbor.
|DHL Express operated by ABX Air||San Diego|
|Empire Airlines||Flagstaff, Lake Havasu City, Laughlin/Bullhead, Yuma|
|FedEx Express||Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Corporate Air||Billings|
A free 24-hour airport shuttle bus connects all of the terminals and economy parking areas.
Valley Metro bus route 13 serves all of the airport terminals as a link to the rest of the Valley Metro bus system. The METRO Light Rail has a stop at the nearby Washington at 44th Street station. A moving sidewalk bridge over Washington Street allows light rail passengers to arrive at the nearby PHX Sky Train station and then onward to stations at the East Economy Parking Lot and Terminal 4. Valley Metro bus routes 1, 3, 13 and 44 serve the light rail station.
A number of taxi, limousine, and shuttle companies provide service between each airport terminal, the Phoenix metropolitan area, and other communities throughout the state.
PHX is also home to Sky Harbor Air National Guard Base and its host wing, the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW currently flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft. In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW also performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide.
Located on the south side of the airport, the current Sky Harbor ANGB is a comparatively new facility. As a result of growth and on-going expansion programs at PHX, a new ANG base was planned at the airport to replace a smaller, outmoded facility that stood in the way of airport construction. Plans were finally approved in 1995 and the new base was built during the latter part of that decade. The current Sky Harbor ANGB includes over 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2) of facilities, pavement, and infrastructure and is one of the most modern facilities of its kind in the Air National Guard.
Over 1000 Air National Guard personnel are assigned to the 161 ARW, consisting of a combination of full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel, as well as part-time "traditional" air national guardsmen.
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