|Lisbon Portela Airport
Aeroporto de Lisboa
Aeroporto da Portela
|IATA: LIS ICAO: LPPT|
|Owner||Government of Portugal|
|Operator||ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, SA|
|Location||Portela de Sacavém|
|Elevation AMSL||114 m / 374 ft|
|Source: Portuguese AIP|
Lisbon Portela Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport (IATA: LIS, ICAO: LPPT), is an international airport located 7 km (4.3 mi) north of Castle of São Jorge in the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. In Portuguese, it is called Aeroporto de Lisboa, Aeroporto da Portela, or Aeroporto da Portela de Sacavém. It takes its name from the neighbouring parish (freguesia) of Portela, also known as Portela de Sacavém.
The airport is the main international gateway to Portugal and a major European hub. It is one of the largest airports in southern Europe. The airport has two main runways, capable of accommodating large-size aircraft such as the Boeing 747. During the Second World War, as the neutral airport was open to both German and British airlines, it was a hub for smuggling people into, out of and all around Europe, as widely referenced in the classic film Casablanca, whose plot revolved around an escape attempt to Lisbon airport. As such, it was heavily monitored by both Axis and Allied spies. In 2010, the airport handled 14,035,273 passengers and 93,871 tonnes of cargo. The airport is the main base-hub of TAP Portugal, and also for easyJet, SATA International, Luzair, euroAtlantic Airways, Hi Fly, Portugália and White Airways. The airport is run by state-owned company ANA Aeroportos de Portugal.
The airport opened on 15 October 1942 during the Second World War, although Portugal was neutral the airport was used by allied flights en route to Gibraltar, North Africa and Cairo. At the end of the war the airport developed quickly and by 1946 was used by major airlines like Air France, British European Airways, Iberia, KLM, Sabena, Pan Am and Trans World Airlines and by 1954 the number of passengers had reached 100,000.
A 1951-52 airport diagram shows four runways at 45-deg angles: 1350-m runway 5, 1024-m rwy 9, 1203-m rwy 14, and 1170-m rwy 18. Runways 5 and 36 were each being extended northward to become 1999 m.
A major upgrade in 1959-62 included a new runway capable of taking the first generation jets, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8. The first jet aircraft movement was an Air France Caravelle in 1960. In 1962 runway 03/21 came into use, it was 3,130 m (10,270 ft) and would allow direct transatlantic flights. The first direct flight to New York was operated by a TWA Boeing 707 who also operated the first Boeing 747 service in 1970. When TAP ordered the 747, five large parking bays were built in 1972 and the terminal was enlarged. A major upgrade to the buildings and facilities was started in 1983 and the first air bridges were added in 1991.
The airport is now surrounded by urban development, being one of the few airports in Europe located inside a major city. This led to a national debate on whether to keep the present location or to build a new airport, the last option was chosen. Initially, Ota, a village 50 km (31 mi) north of Lisbon, was chosen as one of the sites for the new airport. In 2007 an independent study coordinated by the Portuguese Industry Confederation (CIP) suggested Alcochete as an alternative location (see Alcochete Airport). In Alcochete a military training facility currently occupies the site, but the military agreed to abandon the location provided it could transfer its facility to a different area. A second government-contracted study led by the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC) concluded in late 2007 that Alcochete was the best location.
The selection of Alcochete was announced on 10 January 2008, more than 35 years after the first capacity increase studies were initiated. Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete was the preliminary choice, to be finalised after public consultation. The location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the Portuguese Government on 8 May 2008.
In November 2006, the company operating the airport, ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, announced an expansion plan for some airport structures, in order to respond to current passenger traffic growth trends and full capacity use of the airport, until the new airport is finished in 2017.
This plan involves the construction of Terminal 2 (concluded and operational since August 2007) and expansion of the current main terminal, with new boarding gates, new airbridges and new parking positions and a more efficient use of currently existing structures and a new underground (metro) station. The plan should be completed in 2010.
Currently, Terminal 2 is used for scheduled domestic flights (including Madeira and Azores), while the main building (now referred to as Terminal 1) handles all international flights scheduled and chartered. In October 2010, the European low cost airline EasyJet officially announced that it will open a new hub at Lisbon Airport, exclusively using Terminal 2. Terminal 2 will be used a low-cost airline terminal, starting on March 20, 2012. At the same time TAP, SATA and Aero Vip will move and/or consolidate their operations to Terminal 1.
Between 2007 and 2010 several improvements and expansions have been planned. These included a new terminal 2 and lighting along with baggage claim refurbishment, all of which have been completed. Outstanding are the new cargo facilities, fuel storage, north pier and boarding lounge, north bus gate and baggage claim, enlargement of express cargo facilities, electrical refurbishments, expansion of south pier, departure lounge refurbishments and underground station and other terminal improvements. In July 2012 the Lisbon Airport metro station was opened, connecting the Airport and City Centre in less than 25 minutes.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Aigle Azur||Paris-Orly, Nice (begins 15 June 2013)||1|
|Air Berlin||Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca||1|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||1|
|Air Méditerranée||Lyon (begins 26 June 2013), Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 21 June 2013)||1|
|Binter Canarias||Gran Canaria||1|
|Blue Air||Bucharest-Henri Coand||2|
|easyJet||Amsterdam, Asturias, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Funchal, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino (ends 3 November 2013), Valencia, Venice
Seasonal: Bristol, Liverpool
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 3 June 2013)||2|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||1|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 24 June 2013)||1|
|SATA International||Boston, Horta, Ponta Delgada, Salvador, Santa Maria, Terceira, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Montréal-Trudeau
Charter: Cancún, Punta Cana, St Petersburg
|Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
|Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||2|
|TACV||Gran Canaria, Praia, Sal, São Vicente
Seasonal: Boa Vista
|TAP Portugal||Accra, Amsterdam, Bamako, Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Bissau, Boa Vista (begins November 2013), Bologna, Brasília, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coand, Budapest, Campinas-Viracopos, Caracas, Copenhagen, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Hamburg, Helsinki, Horta, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Luxembourg, Madrid, Manchester, Maputo, Marrakech, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Natal, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Pico Island, Ponta Delgada, Porto, Porto Santo, Porto Alegre, Prague, Praia, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, Sal, Salvador, São Paulo-Guarulhos, São Vicente, Stockholm-Arlanda, Terceira, Turin (ends 26 October 2013), Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Zagreb, Zurich||1|
operated by Portugália
|A Coruña, Algiers, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Funchal, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Nice, Porto, Porto Santo, Seville, Tangier (begins 27 October 2013),Toulouse, Valencia||1|
operated by SATA International
operated by White
|Transavia France||Nantes, Paris-Orly||2|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev-Boryspil||1|
|US Airways||Seasonal: Philadelphia||1|
|Agroar Carga Aérea||Funchal, Porto Santo|
|DHL Aviation||London-Heathrow; Leipzig-Halle; Vitoria|
|Med Airlines Maroc||Casablanca, Tangier|
|Rank||Country||City||Passengers (2011)||Passengers (2010)||Change||Carriers|
|1||France||Paris (Charles de Gaulle, Orly)||1,195,903||1,133,487||5.5%||Aigle Azur, Air France, EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|2||Spain||Madrid||1,175,171||1,170,306||0.4%||Air Europa, EasyJet, Iberia, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|3||United Kingdom||London (Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton)||1,081,704||1,024,500||5.6%||British Airways, EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|4||Portugal||Funchal||811,589||856,753||6.3%||EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
|5||Spain||Barcelona||628,137||507,936||23.7%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal, Vueling Airlines|
|6||Germany||Frankfurt (International)||550,175||508,728||8.1%||Lufthansa, TAP Portugal|
|7||Netherlands||Amsterdam||480,094||436,485||10.0%||KLM, TAP Portugal, Transavia|
|8||Italy||Rome (Fiumicino)||413,482||389,465||6.2%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal|
|9||Belgium||Brussels (International)||413,363||385,757||7.2%||Brussels Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|10||Portugal||Porto||410,007||438,980||6.6%||Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|11||Switzerland||Geneva||407,408||377,439||7.9%||EasyJet Switzerland, TAP Portugal|
|12||Italy||Milan (Linate, Malpensa)||379,142||372,421||1.8%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal|
|13||Germany||Munich||361.182||321,010||12.5%||Lufthansa, TAP Portugal|
|14||Angola||Luanda||353,906||345,806||2.3%||TAAG, TAP Portugal|
|15||Brazil||São Paulo (Guarulhos)||331,074||307,290||7.7%||TAP Portugal|
|16||Portugal||Ponta Delgada||317,411||338,558||6.2%||SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
|17||Switzerland||Zurich||308,377||279,779||10.1%||Swiss, TAP Portugal|
|18||Brazil||Rio de Janeiro (Galeão)||267,200||260,232||2.7%||TAP Portugal|
|19||United States||New York (Newark)||237,973||226,089||5.5%||Continental Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|20||Portugal||Faro||185,798||172,774||7.6%||Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|21||Portugal||Terceira||173,062||174,388||0.8%||SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
TAP Portugal has a complex at Lisbon Airport. The complex is 22.45 hectares (55.5 acres) large. In 1989 TAP became the owner of the complex due to a governmental decree. TAP's head office is in Building 25. The TAP subsidiary Serviços Portugueses de Handling, S.A. (SPdH) has its head office on the 6th floor of Building 25. Sociedade de Gestão e Serviços, S.A. (TAPGER), another TAP subsidiary, has its head office on the 8th floor of the same building. The TAP Museum is also a part of the complex. Building 19 has the head office of Sociedade de Serviços e Engenharia Informática, S.A. (Megasis), a TAP information services subsidiary. The TAP documentation and archive is in the annex of Building 19. Building 34, on the far north side of the complex, houses the company's new data processing centre.
ANA Aeroportos de Portugal has its head office in Building 120. Portugália has its head office in Building 70.
The TAP catering subsidiary, Catering de Portugal, S.A. (CATERINGPOR), has its head office in Building 59. Cuidados Integrados de Saúde, S.A. (UCS) is based out of Building 35.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
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