|Vaclav Havel Airport Prague
Letit Václava Havla Praha
|IATA: PRG ICAO: LKPR|
|Location||Ruzyn district of Prague|
|Elevation AMSL||1,247 ft / 380 m|
|Passenger growth 12-13||-8.32%|
|Cargo (2009)||47,870,804 kg|
|Source: Czech AIP at EUROCONTROL|
Prague Václav Havel Airport or Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letit Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyn International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letit Praha-Ruzyn, Czech pronunciation: [praa rz], (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR), serves Prague, Czech Republic. Located 10 kilometres (6 mi) west of the city centre, the airport is a hub for Czech Airlines. It was opened on 5 April 1937. Prague Airport is the biggest airport in the Czech Republic, and with 10.8 million passengers in 2012 is the busiest airport in the newer EU member states.
Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.
The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only. The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.
Czechoslovakia belonged, and the Czech Republic belongs, to the leading European pioneers of the civil aviation, and became over time a part of the most state-of-the-art continental transportation system. PragueRuzyn Airport began operations on 5 April 1937, but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in PragueKbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.
Due to insufficient capacity of the Kbely airport in the middle of the 1930s, the Government decided to develop a new State Civil Airport in Ruzyn. One of the major awards Prague Ruzyn Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Ing. A. Bene.
Other awards were granted for modernization during individual airport development phases. All these facts have been increasing the interest of carriers in using Prague airport. In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of August 2021, 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.
The airport has an excellent location both with respect to its short distance from the centre of Prague and within the European area. Moreover, the Ruzyn fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.
The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of Prague-Ruzyn Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three decade gaps before the major modernization of Prague-Ruzyn Airport began in order to match the current capacity requirements. Since then, the airport began modernisation on an ongoing basis and is gradually becoming one of the top European airports.
The airport was used in the James Bond film Casino Royale. The airport, along with Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600, depicts a scene that actually takes place in the film at Miami International Airport.
An online petition organized by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Feni, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyn Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted - in just one week after December 20, 2011 - the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic. A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport. This name change took place on October 5, 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.
As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005), further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letit Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 57 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) is to be put into service in 2010. However, because of plenty of legal problems and protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014. animation of the new runway and more info.
It will be over 3,500 metres (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) south-east of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.
Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs Nebuice and Pední Kopanina giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.
The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.
The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letit Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatization process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letit Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letit Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.
Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility.
operated by Rossiya
|Air France||Marseille, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Toulouse||2|
operated by HOP!
|Air Malta||Seasonal: Malta||2|
|Air One||Milan-Malpensa (ends 31 May 2013), Pisa, Venice-Marco Polo||2|
|Air Via||Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna||1|
operated by Tyrolean Airways
operated by Flybe
|Bulgarian Air Charter||Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna||1|
|Czech Airlines||Abu Dhabi, Almaty, Bucharest-Henri Coand, Kiev-Boryspil, Minsk-National, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nizhniy Novgorod, Perm, Odessa, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Seoul-Incheon (begins 1 June 2013), Saint Petersburg, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tel-Aviv-Ben Gurion, Ufa, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan
|Czech Airlines||Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Koice, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Munich (resumes 1 June 2013), Nice, Ostrava, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Strasbourg, Stuttgart, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich||2|
operated by Darwin Airline
|Darwin Airline||Geneva, Zürich||2|
|Delta Air Lines||Seasonal: New York-JFK||1|
|EasyJet||Bristol, Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester||1|
|EasyJet||Amsterdam, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle||2|
|El Al||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||1|
|Enter Air||Seasonal: Bilbao, Catania, Funchal, Larnaca, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca||2|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal: Istanbul-Ataturk||1|
|Holidays Czech Airlines||Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Burgas, Hurghada, Marsa Alam||1|
|Holidays Czech Airlines||Seasonal charter: Corfu, Heraklion, Rhodes, Zakynthos||2|
operated by Holidays Czech Airlines
|Jet2.com||East Midlands (begins 7 November 2013), Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne||2|
operated by KLM Cityhopper
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin||2|
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Malmö Aviation||Umeå (begins 26 April 2013)||2|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Copenhagen, Helsinki , Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda||2|
|Nouvelair||Seasonal: Enfidha, Tabarka||1|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda||2|
operated by Blue1
|Small Planet Airlines||Seasonal: Heraklion||2|
|Smart Wings||Dubai, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Dubrovnik, Larnaca, Split
|Smart Wings||Gran Canaria, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alghero, Barcelona, Bilbao, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dublin (begins 3 June 2013) Fuerteventura, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Málaga, Naples, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza, Rhodes, Skiathos, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Zakynthos
|Swiss International Air Lines||Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva, Zürich||2|
|Tailwind Airlines||Seasonal: Antalya||1|
|Tatarstan Airlines||Kazan, Perm||1|
|Travel Service Airlines||Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Burgas, Dubai, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Punta Cana, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Split, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tunis, Varadero, Varna, Zanzibar||1|
|Travel Service Airlines||Seasonal charter: Corfu, Girona, Heraklion, Larnaca, Paphos, Praveza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South||2|
|Tunis Air||Seasonal: Tunis||1|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev-Boryspil||1|
|Ural Airlines||Nizhniy Novgorod, Yekaterinburg||1|
|Wizz Air||Bari, Bergamo, Naples, Rome-Fiumicino, Treviso||2|
|Air Contractors||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|China Airlines Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|Czech Airlines||Belgrade, Sofia|
operated by Genex
|TNT Airways||Brno, Katowice, Liège|
operated by Farnair Switzerland
|Yangtze River Express||Dhaka, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Luxembourg|
Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building, on the grounds of Prague Airport. On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.
In 2004, the airport served 9.7 million passengers; in 2005 nearly 10.8 million; and 11.6 million in 2006. In 2007 the number of passengers rose to 12,440,000 and in 2008 reached 12,630,557. In 2009 the number decreased to 11,643,366, and only 143,060 were domestic passengers. It was the 32nd busiest airport in Europe in 2009. The top 10 destinations were:
|1||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||550,902|
|7||Rome-Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci||290,972|
|2||Great Britain||1,138,899 passengers|
|1||Paris (Charles de Gaulle)||830,177 passengers|
|2||Moscow (Sheremetyevo)||539,108 passengers|
|This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2008)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Prague Ruzyn Airport|