|Singapore Changi Airport
Lapangan Terbang Changi Singapura
(Xnjip Zhngyí Jchng)
(Cikappr Cki Vimana Nilaiyam)
|IATA: SIN ICAO: WSSS
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||Government of Singapore|
|Opened||1 July 1981 (operational)
29 December 1981 (official)
|Time zone||SST (UTC+08:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||6.66 m / 22 ft|
Singapore Changi Airport (IATA: SIN, ICAO: WSSS), or simply Changi Airport, is the primary civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia. It is currently the World's Best Airport (Skytrax 2016), for the fourth consecutive year and counting (Skytrax's World's Best Airport 2013-2016) and is one of the world's busiest airports by international passenger traffic and cargo traffic. The airport is located in Changi, at the eastern end of Singapore, approximately 17.2 kilometres (10.7 mi) northeast from Marina Bay (in Singapore's Downtown Core), on a 13-square-kilometre (5.0 sq mi) site. It is operated by Changi Airport Group and it is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Scoot, Tigerair, Jetstar Asia Airways and BOC Aviation, as well as a focus city of AirAsia.
Changi Airport serves more than 100 airlines flying to some 320 cities in about 80 countries and territories worldwide. Each week, about 6,800 flights land or depart from Changi, or about one every 90 seconds, with 55.4 million passengers passing through the airport in 2015.
For the 2015 full-year figures published by the airport, the airport handled 55,448,964 passengers (a 2.5% increase over the previous year), the most in its 34-year history. This made it the seventh busiest airport by international passenger traffic in the world and the second busiest in Asia by international passenger traffic in 2015. In December 2015, Changi Airport registered a total of 5.29 million passenger movements, the highest ever traffic the airport has achieved in a month since it opened in 1981. Its daily record was also broken on the Saturday before Christmas (19 December 2015), with more than 192,000 passengers passing through during the 24 hours. In addition to being an important passenger hub, the airport is one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, handling 1.85 million tonnes of cargo in 2015. The total number of commercial aircraft movements increased by 1.4% from the previous year to 346,334 in 2015.
The airport has won over 500 awards since 1981, including 28 "Best Airport" awards in just 2015 alone. Changi Airport's efforts to mitigate the effects of ageing infrastructure include continual physical upgrades to its existing terminals and building new facilities to maintain its reputation for setting standards in airport service quality.
Changi Airport has three main passenger terminals, arranged in an elongated inverted 'U' shape. Currently the airport has a designed total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers.
There is also a privately run luxury terminal called the JetQuay CIP Terminal. It is similar to the Lufthansa First Class Terminal at Frankfurt Airport, but is open to all passengers travelling in all classes on all airlines but with an access fee.
The Budget Terminal, opened on 26 March 2006 and closed on 25 September 2012.
As all passenger traffic out of the airport is international in nature, the three major terminals in operation are equipped with immigration-processing facilities for international travel.
After recovering from a drop in passenger traffic as a result of the September 11 attacks in 2001, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, the airport saw rapid growth in traffic, which hit the 30-million mark for the first time a year later in 2004. In March 2008 and prior to the full effect of the financial crisis of 20072010 on the global economy, the airport predicted that it will handle 50 million passengers by 2012, with increases due to the opening of casinos in Singapore, together with the phased liberalisation of the Asean aviation sector. As predicted, the airport surpassed the 50-million mark for the first time in history in 2012.
The Air Cargo Division of the Changi Airport Group manages the Changi Airfreight Centre located in the north of the airport premises. The airport handled 1.81 million tonnes of air cargo in 2012, making it the 7th-busiest airfreight hub in the world and the fifth-busiest in Asia. Due to Singapore's large electronics sector, electrical components constitute a significant part of the total cargo traffic handled at the airport, although it has initiated attempts to diversify into the perishable air cargo market.
In 2015, Changi Airport handled 1,853,087 tonnes of air freight, which is more than the total combined weight of four Burj Khalifa skyscrapers.
Air Cargo World awarded Changi Airport the 2013 Air Cargo Excellence Award for airports handling more than 1,000,000 tonnes of cargo in Asia.
The Changi Airport Group manages the overall safety and security of the airport. The Airport Management Division of the CAG manages the customer aspects of the airport's security, while the Aviation Security Unit oversees the airport's compliance with aviation security (AVSEC) policies, manages AVSEC-related projects. Operationally, the airport's emergency and fire-fighting services are handled by the Airport Emergency Service Division of the CAG. The AES handles all instances of rescue and fire-fighting within the airport premises as well as in surrounding waters through its specialists operating from two main fire stations (Station 1 by Runway 1 along W. Perimeter Road) and Station 2 by Runway 2 along Changi Coast Road), a sub-station (Domestic Fire Station), a sea rescue base (at CAFHI jetty supporting Griffon Hoverworks 2000TD and 8000TD rescie hovercrafts, Rigid-hulled inflatable boats) around the airport.
The airport's security comes under the regulatory purview of the Airport Police Division of the Singapore Police Force. The day to day discharge of security functions at the airport are performed by auxiliary police forces including Aetos Security Management, Certis CISCO and SATS Security Services, of which Aetos and SATS Security Services are affiliated to the ground handling companies of Dnata and Singapore Changi Airport Terminal Services respectively. On 29 April 2008, CAAS then signed its biggest single security contract for all airport related security services by engaging Certis CISCO to provide security services at Singapore Changi Airport, as well as Seletar Airport, Changi Airfreight Centre, and the Singapore Air Traffic Control Centre. It involves the deployment of about 2,600 Certis Cisco personnel, including armed Auxiliary Police Officers and unarmed aviation security officers to perform tasks including screening checked baggage, controlling access to restricted areas, and screening passengers before they board their aircraft.
Since the 11 September 2001 attacks and naming of the airport as a terrorism target by the Jemaah Islamiyah, the airport's security has been stepped up. Roving patrol teams consisting of SAF and SPF officers, armed with assault rifles or sub-machine guns, patrol the terminals at random intervals. Officers from the Gurkha Contingent are also deployed to patrol the transit areas of the terminal buildings. These measures come at a cost partly borne by travellers in the form of a "passenger security service charge," imposed since 2002.
In 2005 an upgrade in screening technology and rising security concerns led to luggage-screening processes being conducted behind closed-doors, as opposed to them being done just before check-in previously within public view. Carry-on luggage and persons screening are conducted at the individual departure gates, while check-in luggage are screened in the backrooms and secured before loading. A perimeter intrusion detection system for Changi Airport's perimeter fence has also been put in place to further strengthen security of the airfield, while a biometric access control system for staff movement has been put in place since 2006.
|AirAsia||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala LumpurInternational, Kuching, Langkawi, Miri, Penang||1|
|Air China||BeijingCapital, Chengdu||1|
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle||1|
|Air India||Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai||2|
|Air India Express||Chennai, Tiruchirappalli||2|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland||3|
|Air Niugini||Port Moresby||1|
|All Nippon Airways||TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita||2|
|Bangkok Airways||Koh Samui||1|
|Batik Air||JakartaSoekarno Hatta||3|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines||Dhaka||1|
|British Airways||LondonHeathrow, Sydney||1|
|Cathay Pacific||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Hong Kong||1|
|Cebu Pacific||Cebu, Clark, Davao, Iloilo, Manila||2|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Surabaya, TaipeiTaoyuan||3|
|China Eastern Airlines||Kunming, Nanjing (begins 11 July 2016), ShanghaiPudong, Wuxi||3|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou||1|
|Delta Air Lines||TokyoNarita||1|
|Druk Air||Kolkata, Paro||1|
|Emirates||Brisbane (resumes 1 October 2016), Colombo, DubaiInternational, Melbourne||1|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||2|
|Firefly||Ipoh, Kuala LumpurSubang, Kuantan||2|
|Garuda Indonesia||Amsterdam,[Note 1] LondonHeathrow,[Note 2] Denpasar, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Medan, Surabaya||3|
|Indonesia AirAsia||Bandung, Denpasar, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Semarang, Yogyakarta||1|
|Japan Airlines||TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita||1|
|Jet Airways||Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai||3|
|Jetstar Airways||Denpasar, Melbourne, Perth||1|
|Jetstar Asia Airways||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Darwin, Denpasar, Fukuoka (ends 30 September 2016), Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Kuala LumpurInternational, Manila, Medan, OsakaKansai, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sanya (begins 2 August 2016), Shantou, Siem Reap, Surabaya, TaipeiTaoyuan, Yangon||1|
|Jetstar Pacific Airlines||Ho Chi Minh City||1|
|Lion Air||JakartaSoekarno Hatta||3|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala LumpurInternational, Kuching, Miri||2|
|Malindo Air||Kuala LumpurInternational||3|
|Myanmar Airways International||Yangon||1|
|Myanmar National Airlines||Yangon||3|
|Oman Air||Kuala LumpurInternational, Muscat||3|
|Qantas||Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney||1|
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan||2|
|Scoot||Amritsar, BangkokDon Mueang, Chennai, Gold Coast, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Jaipur (begins 2 October 2016), Jeddah, Kaohsiung, Melbourne, Nanjing, OsakaKansai, Perth, Qingdao, SapporoChitose (begins 1 October 2016), SeoulIncheon, Shenyang, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tianjin, TokyoNarita||2|
|Siam Air||BangkokDon Mueang||3|
|SilkAir||Balikpapan, Bandung, Bangalore, Cairns, Cebu, Changsha, Chengdu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Coimbatore, Da Nang, Darwin, Davao, Denpasar, Hanoi, Hyderabad, Kalibo, Kathmandu, Kochi, Koh Samui, Kolkata, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala LumpurInternational, Kuching, Kunming, Langkawi, Lombok, Luang Prabang (begins 31 October 2016), Makassar, Malé, Manado, Mandalay, Medan, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Semarang, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Surabaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Vientiane (resumes 31 October 2016), Visakhapatnam, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon, Yogyakarta
Seasonal Charter: Naha
operated for Air Timor
operated for Singapore Airlines
|Bandar Seri Begawan||2|
|Singapore Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Colombo, Denpasar, Dhaka, DubaiInternational, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Kuala LumpurInternational, Malé, Manila, Surabaya, Yangon||2|
|Singapore Airlines||Adelaide, Ahmedabad, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangalore, Barcelona, BeijingCapital, Brisbane, Canberra (begins 20 September 2016), Cape Town, Chennai, Christchurch, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf (begins 21 July 2016), Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, HoustonIntercontinental, IstanbulAtatürk, Johannesburg, Kolkata, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester, Melbourne, MilanMalpensa, MoscowDomodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, NagoyaCentrair, New YorkJFK, OsakaKansai, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Perth, RomeFiumicino, San Francisco, São PauloGuarulhos (ends 20 October 2016), SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita, Wellington (begins 20 September 2016), Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, SapporoChitose
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||2|
|Thai AirAsia||BangkokDon Mueang, Krabi, Pattaya, Phuket||1|
|Thai Lion Air||BangkokDon Mueang||3|
|Tigerair||Bangalore, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Chiang Mai, Denpasar, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hanoi, Hat Yai, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Ipoh, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Jinan, Kalibo, Kochi, Krabi, Kuala LumpurInternational, Langkawi, Lijiang, Lucknow, Macau, Malé, Manila, Nanning, Ningbo, Penang, Phuket, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Surabaya, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tiruchirapalli, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yangon, Zhengzhou (begins 28 June 2016)||2|
|United Airlines||ChicagoO'Hare, Hong Kong, San Francisco||2|
|Uzbekistan Airways||Kuala LumpurInternational, Tashkent||1|
|VietJet Air||Ho Chi Minh City||3|
|Vietnam Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City||3|
|XiamenAir||Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen||1|
|AirBridgeCargo||Hong Kong, MoscowSheremetyevo|
|Air Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|ANA Cargo||Okinawa, TokyoNarita|
|Asiana Cargo||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Penang, SeoulIncheon|
|Cardig Air||Balikpapan, JakartaSoekarno Hatta|
|Cargolux||Anchorage, Baku, ChicagoO'Hare, Doha, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kuala LumpurInternational, Luxembourg|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Penang|
|China Airlines Cargo||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Manila, Penang, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Chengdu, ShanghaiPudong|
operated by AeroLogic
operated by Polar Air Cargo
|Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, SeoulIncheon|
|Emirates SkyCargo||DubaiAl Maktoum, Melbourne, Sydney|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Brisbane, Sydney|
|EVA Air Cargo||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Penang, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, Memphis, OsakaKansai, Penang, ShanghaiPudong, TaipeiTaoyuan, TokyoNarita|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Korean Air Cargo||Hanoi, Penang, SeoulIncheon|
|Martinair||Amsterdam, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Dammam, Muscat|
|My Indo Airlines||Balikpapan, JakartaHalim Perdanakusuma, Surabaya|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||BangkokSuvarnabhumi, OsakaKansai, TokyoNarita|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangalore, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chennai, ChicagoO'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hanoi, Hong Kong, JakartaSoekarno Hatta, JohannesburgOR Tambo, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Medan, Melbourne, Mumbai, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, Nanjing, Sharjah, Sydney|
|TNT Airways||Liège, ShanghaiPudong|
|Transmile Air Services||Kuala LumpurInternational, Labuan|
|Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines||Balikpapan, JakartaSoekarno Hatta|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||IstanbulAtatürk, Karachi|
|UPS Airlines||Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan|
Changi Airport was built with ground-transportation considerations in mind from the onset, with the East Coast Parkway built and opened in tandem with the airport, providing a direct link to the city-centre. At a distance of about 20 km (12 mi), the expressway was built almost entirely on reclaimed land; thus, minimising disruptions to the existing road network in Singapore's East Coast.
While configured in a compact configuration such that the three main passenger terminal buildings are sited adjacent to each other, allowing for travellers to venture between terminals on foot, the Changi Airport Skytrain people-mover system was added to facilitate quicker and more convenient transfers. The system was upgraded in 2007 to Mitsubishi technology, connecting to Terminal 3 and separating checked-in passengers from the general public on distinct tracks.
The Changi Airport Skytrain operates between Terminals 1, 2 and 3, with a total of seven stations. The trains have separate cars for air-side (transit) and land-side (public) passengers.
The airport is connected to the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network, with Changi Airport MRT station located underground between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 and directly accessible from both terminals. A direct, one-train service to the downtown and western parts of Singapore was initially in operation when the station opened on 8 February 2002 (then accessible only via Terminal 2). This was replaced by the current shuttle service between Changi Airport and Tanah Merah MRT stations on 22 July 2003, when it was found that few passengers actually use this route, compared to the number of commuters who need to travel from the city to Tampines and Pasir Ris. Cross-platform transfers are therefore necessary at Tanah Merah to connect to the rest of the network.
Buses were one of the main methods of transport for passengers and staff until the opening of Changi Airport station. Services operated by SBS Transit, SMRT Buses and Go-Ahead Group uses the bus terminals in the basement level of the three main terminals, making a loop starting from Terminal 3 to Terminals 1, and 2, and back to their destination of origin.
Coaches to and from Johor Bahru are also available. Operated by Transtar Travel, the service will start at coach stands at Terminals 1, 2, 3 and end at Larkin Terminal.
There is also a free shuttle bus service plying between Changi Airport (T3) and Changi Business Park. This service is a 9-stop route, running from Mondays to Fridays, except public holidays.
Taxis are available at the taxi stands at the arrival halls of each terminal. There is an additional airport surcharge for all trips originating from the airport.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Singapore Changi Airport.|
|Library resources about
Singapore Changi Airport
Media related to Singapore Changi Airport at Wikimedia Commons