|Stavanger Airport, Sola
Stavanger lufthavn, Sola
|IATA: SVG ICAO: ENZV|
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Elevation AMSL||29 ft / 9 m|
|Location in Rogaland county|
|Source: Norwegian AIP at Avinor
Statistics from Avinor
A.^ According to the AIP "Off-shore helicopters mainly use RWY 11/29. SAR helipad E of RWY 18/36"
Stavanger Airport, Sola (Norwegian: Stavanger lufthavn, Sola; IATA: SVG, ICAO: ENZV) is an international airport located serving Stavanger, a city and municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. The airport is located 6 NM (11 km; 6.9 mi) southwest of Stavanger, in the municipality of Sola. It is Norway's third-busiest airport, with both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter traffic for the offshore North Sea oil installations. In addition, the Royal Norwegian Air Force operates Westland Sea King search and rescue helicopters from Sola Air Station.
The airport had 82,118 air movements and 4,119,348 passengers in 2011. Five airlines offered domestic flights to nine destinations while eleven airlines offered international flights to 37 destinations. Two helicopter companies operate out of Sola. The busiest route is Sola-Oslo Gardermoen, which has about 28 daily flights. In the vicinity of the airport there is an aeronautical museum, Flyhistorisk Museum, Sola.
Stavanger Airport, Sola is Norway's second oldest airport, opened by King Haakon VII 29 May 1937. The airport was the second to have a concrete runway in Europe. The airport was attacked and captured by German fallschirmjägers from 1st battalion of the 1st Regiment, 7th Flieger Division supported by Luftwaffe aircraft on 9 April 1940. The attack was over in an hour, and the airport remained in German hands for the duration of World War II. During the war, the German occupation forces and Luftwaffe expanded the airport considerably, as it was a vital strategic asset for the Germans.
Originally, the idea was to locate the Stavanger airport at Forus, but after the war the Royal Norwegian Air Force decided to use Sola temporarily until the new airport was built, and nothing ever became of Forus. Sola Air Station has since been of vital importance for the Norwegian armed forces, but gradually lost assignments, and in 1982 the last fighter squadron left the airport.
Stavanger Airport has two passenger terminals, one for airplanes and one for helicopters. When the present terminal was put into use 28 January 1987, it was the first airport in Norway to have skybridges, nine in total. The old terminal was then converted into a heliport. The airport has two crossing runways: the main runway, north/south (18/36) and the main runway for helicopters, which is oriented northwest-southeast (11/29).
Expansion of the airplane terminal took place in 2009. The new gates were built without jetbridges. The airport's two largest airlines, SAS and Norwegian, showed little interest in such amenity and desired quicker turnaround times. SAS though later said that they did want jetbridges for their larger jet aircraft, and only wanted gates without jetbridges for their smaller turboprop aircraft. The lack of jetbridges angered the societies representing the disabled and multiple sclerosis afflicted, and prompting several Rogaland politicians to put pressure on Avinor to reconsider the building. In April 2009, Avinor decided not to build jetbridges.
Det Norske Luftfartsselskap (DNL, later Scandinavian Airlines System or SAS) started flying to Sola after the war, as did Braathens SAFE in 1946 on its routes to Europe and the Far East with the Douglas DC-3 aircraft. In 1952, Braathens SAFE received concession to fly the routes OsloStavanger, OsloKristiansandStavanger and the coastal route StavangerBergenÅlesundTrondheimBodøTromsø. Widerøe established itself at Sola in the late 1980s after they bought Sandefjord Airport, Torp-based Norsk Air.
When the oil exploration in the Norwegian part of the North Sea started in 1967, there was a sudden need for helicopter transport out to the oil platforms. The first helicopter service was Helikopter Service, later renamed CHC Helikopter Service, who started operations with 2 Sikorsky S-61Ns initially from a makeshift heliport at Stavanger Airport, Forus. The offshore helicopter operations were moved to the Sola in 1989. Braathens Helikopter, a sister company of Braathens SAFE, also operated helicopters from Sola in the period 19891994, but was then sold to Helikopter Service. Norsk Helikopter, later renamed Bristow Norway, started their offshore flying at Sola in 1993.
The British Airways predecessors had started operating at Sola after World War II, but it was only in 1980 that they started regular flights with BAC One-Eleven aircraft to London Heathrow Airport. Later, the route was operated with Boeing 737-200/-300/-400s and Boeing 757-200s and switched to London-Gatwick. In 1994, British Airways employees at Sola were transferred to Braathens SAFE as part of new cooperation between the two airlines. But in 1997, KLM bought 30% of Braathens (as the airline was renamed) and British Airways closed its Stavanger routes, because it lacked its own staff. Dan-Air flew the route London-GatwickNewcastleStavanger, until they were taken over by British Airways in 1992. Norwegian Air Shuttle and Widerøe have flown to Newcastle as well.
The oil industry has also required scheduled routes between Stavanger and Scotland, primarily to British oil center in Aberdeen. In addition to SAS, Air Anglia (later AirUK, KLMuk) flew the route. Today, this route is flown by Scandinavian Airlines, Widerøe and Eastern Airways. In the 1970s, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines started flights to Stavanger from Amsterdam. They have used the Douglas DC-9-10, Boeing 737-200/-300, Fokker 100, Fokker F-27 and Fokker 50 aircraft, and this route was the first that the KLM operated with Fokker 70s. The route was operated by Braathens between 1997 and 2002. Today, this route is flown by the KLM five times daily with the Boeing 737 and Fokker 70 aircraft.
Also, Air France has operated routes to Stavanger, with Boeing 737s, to its hub at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. But the Norwegian authorities have denied, among others, Northwest Airlines the right to start flying intercontinental flights from the United States. Lufthansa started in 2003 to fly twice daily to its hub in Frankfurt in Germany with the Canadair RJ-700 aircraft.
In 2005, work to upgrade the terminal building started. A new domestic arrival hall was opened in the summer of 2005, followed by the refurbishing of the international arrival hall. A new international lounge finished in 2006 and a new baggage sorting system, and an extension of the check-in areas was completed in 2007. Avinor is working on the instrument landing system category II/LVTO approach system at the airport. This will allow planes to land with as little as 300 meters of horizontal visibility.
On 15 February 2010, Scandinavian Airlines announced that Widerøe would take over their regional routes connecting airports in Western Norway, including the route from Stavanger to Kristiansand. SAS will retire their five Fokker 50 aircraft by November 2010, and Widerøe will take over the operations and 75 employees, and serve the routes using Q300 and Q400 aircraft.
|Danish Air Transport||Billund, Esbjerg, Florø, Moss, Skien|
|Eastern Airways||Aberdeen, Glasgow-International, Newcastle upon Tyne|
operated by KLM Cityhopper
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Alicante, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Kraków, London-Gatwick, Málaga, Manchester, Oslo-Gardermoen, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Murcia, Salzburg, Split
|Scandinavian Airlines||Aberdeen, Ålesund, Alicante, Bergen, Copenhagen, London-Heathrow, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
Seasonal: Barcelona, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Split
|Widerøe||Aberdeen, Kristiansand, Kristiansund, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sandefjord|
|Wizz Air||Gdask, Katowice, Szczecin , Vilnius|
^1 Flights are routed KeflavikBergenStavangerKeflavik.
operated by Exin
The armed forces have a number of functions located at the airport. The 330 Squadron operated Sea King search and rescue helicopters are the only squadron left at the airport, but still a number of military aircraft can be seen at the airport, among others NATO's AWACS aircraft.
Sola has quite a number of technical facilities, and has the largest aviation technical environment in Norway. Among others, Braathens had its technical main base at Sola, as does Norwegian Air Shutte, CHC Helikopter Service, Heli-One Norway, Norsk Helikopter, Norcopter, Pratt & Whitney Norway Engine Centre and the air force's helicopter main technical base.
On June 16, 2006 the board of SAS decided to close SAS Technical Services at Sola, which resulted in over 300 lost jobs.
On March 31, 2012 the board of Pratt & Whitney also decided to close the Pratt & Whitney Norway Engine Center. The last engine left the shop June 20, 2012. All 195 jobs were lost.
The airport has two asphalt paved runways: the main runway 18/36 measures 2,556 by 60 metres (8,386 ft × 197 ft) and runway 11/29 is 2,449 by 45 metres (8,035 ft × 148 ft). The two airstrips cross each other, but since they have a different orientation, they could never operate as individual runways. The orientation will however allow aircraft to take off and land even with heavy wind from east or west.
On 9 August 1961 Vickers VC.1 Viking 3B (registration: G-AHPM), operated by Cunard Eagle Airways (later British Eagle) crashed on into a mountain near Holta on approach to Stavanger Airport, Sola from London Heathrow airport with the deaths of all 39 on board: 3 crew, 34 schoolboys from The Archbishop Lanfranc School in Thornton Heath, London, plus two members of staff from the school. The Norwegian report on the incident concluded that the pilot was off-course for unknown reasons. The aircraft crashed into a hill approximately 500 m (1,600 ft) high, approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) north of the airport at about 16:23. The 50th anniversary was marked by a book published in summer 2011, The Lanfranc Boys by Rosalind Jones sister of Quentin Green one of the victims.
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