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Airport Tokyo (Japan) - International

Tokyo International Airport

Tky Kokusai Kk
IATA: HND ICAO: RJTT
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Tokyo Aviation Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (airfield); Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. (terminals)
Location ta, Tokyo, Japan
Hub for Japan Airlines
All Nippon Airways
Skymark Airlines
Air Do
Skynet Asia Airways
Elevation AMSL 21 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 353312N 1394652E / 35.55333N 139.78111E / 35.55333; 139.78111Coordinates: 353312N 1394652E / 35.55333N 139.78111E / 35.55333; 139.78111
Website www.tokyo-airport-bldg.co.jp
Map
HND
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16R/34L 3,000 9,843 Asphalt concrete
16L/34R 3,000 9,843 Asphalt concrete
04/22 2,500 8,202 Asphalt concrete
05/23 2,500 8,202 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2012)
Number of passengers 66,795,178
Sources: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]
Statistics from ACI

Tokyo International Airport ( Tky Kokusai Kk?), commonly known as Haneda Airport ( Haneda Kk?) or Tokyo Haneda Airport ( Tky Haneda Kk?) (IATA: HNDICAO: RJTT), is one of the two primary airports that serve the Greater Tokyo Area in Japan. It is located in ta, Tokyo, 14 km (8.7 mi) south of Tokyo Station.

Haneda handles almost all domestic flights to and from Tokyo, while Narita International Airport handles the vast majority of international flights. In 2010, a dedicated international terminal was opened at Haneda in conjunction with the completion of a fourth runway. This allowed for a dramatic increase in international flights going to Haneda, which previously had only "scheduled charter" flights to Seoul, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei. The Japanese government plans to further expand Haneda's international role in the future.[2]

Haneda handled 66,795,178 passengers in 2012. By passenger throughput, it was the second busiest airport in Asia and the fourth busiest in the world, after Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson Airport, Beijing Capital Airport (Asia's busiest) and London Heathrow Airport. With Haneda and Narita combined Tokyo has the third busiest city airport system in the world, after London and New York City.

Haneda is the primary base of Japan's two major domestic airlines, Japan Airlines (Terminal 1) and All Nippon Airways (Terminal 2), as well as low-cost carriers Hokkaido International Airlines, Skymark Airlines, Skynet Asia Airways, and StarFlyer. It is able to handle 90 million passengers per year following its expansion in 2010.

In December 2009, ForbesTraveller.com recognized Haneda Airport as the most punctual airport in the world for two years in a row, with 94.3% of its flights departing on time and 88.6% arriving on time.[3]

Contents

History

Haneda Airfield ( Haneda Hikj?) first opened in 1931 on a small piece of bayfront land at the south end of today's airport complex. It was Japan's largest civil airport at the time it was constructed, and took over from the army air base at Tachikawa as the main operating base of Japan Air Transport, then the country's flag carrier. During the 1930s, Haneda handled flights to destinations in Japan, Korea and Manchuria. In 1939, the airport's first runway was extended to 800 m and a second 800-m runway was completed.[4]

U.S. occupation (19451952)

In 1945, U.S. occupation forces took over the airport and renamed it Haneda Army Air Base. The Army evicted many nearby residents to make room for various construction projects, including extending one runway to 1,650m and the other to 2,100m. US military personnel based at Haneda were generally housed at the Washington Heights residential complex in central Tokyo (now Yoyogi Park).

Haneda was mainly a military and civilian transportation base used by the U.S. army/air force as a stop-over for C-54 transport planes departing San Francisco, en route to the Far East and returning flights. A number of C-54s, based at Haneda AFB, participated in the Berlin Blockade airlift. These planes were specially outfitted for hauling coal to German civilians. Many of these planes were decommissioned after their participation due to coal dust contamination. Several US Army or Air Force generals regularly parked their personal planes at Haneda while visiting Tokyo, including General Ennis Whitehead. During the Korean War, Haneda was the main regional base for United States Navy flight nurses, who evacuated patients from Korea to Haneda for treatment at military hospitals in Tokyo and Yokosuka.[5]

Haneda Air Force Base received its first international passenger flights in 1947 when Northwest Orient Airlines began scheduled service to the United States, China, South Korea, and the Philippines.

The U.S. military gave part of the base back to Japan in 1952; this portion became known as Tokyo International Airport. The US military maintained a base at Haneda until 1958 when the remainder of the property was returned to the Japanese government.

International era (19521978)

Japan's flag carrier Japan Airlines began its first domestic operations from Haneda in 1951. For a few postwar years Tokyo International Airport did not have a passenger terminal building. The Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. TYO: 9706 was founded in 1953 to develop the first passenger terminal, which opened in 1955. An extension for international flights opened in 1963.[6] European carriers began service to Haneda in the 1950s. Air France arrived at Haneda for the first time in November 1952.[7] BOAC de Havilland Comet flights to London via the southern route began in 1953, and SAS DC-7 flights to Copenhagen via Anchorage began in 1957. JAL and Aeroflot began cooperative service from Haneda to Moscow in 1967. Pan Am and Northwest Orient used Haneda as a hub. The August 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 86 domestic and 8 international departures each week on Japan Air Lines. Other international departures per week: seven Civil Air Transport, three Thai DC4s, 2 Hong Kong Airways Viscounts (and maybe three DC-6Bs), two Air India and one QANTAS. Northwest had 16 departures a week, Pan Am had 12 and Canadian Pacific had four; Air France three, KLM three, SAS five, Swissair two and BOAC three. The February 1957 Aeradio chart shows runway 15/33 8400 ft long and runway 4/22 5500 ft.

1966? airport diagram

The Tokyo Monorail opened between Haneda and central Tokyo in 1964, in time for the Tokyo Olympics. During 1964 Japan lifted travel restrictions on its citizens, causing passenger traffic at the airport to swell. A new runway and international terminal was completed in 1970 but demand continued to outpace expansion.[6] The government anticipated this growth in the early 1960s. The government believed further expansion of Haneda would be impractical due to the cost and technical issues of a large landfill in Tokyo Bay. Instead, a plan was put forward to build a new airport for international flights. In 1978, New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita Airport) opened, taking over almost all international service in the Greater Tokyo Area, and Haneda became a domestic airport.

Domestic era (19782010)

While most international flights moved from Haneda to Narita in 1978, airlines based on Republic of China continued to use Haneda Airport for many years due to the ongoing political conflict between the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China. China Airlines served Taipei and Honolulu from Haneda; Taiwan's second major airline, EVA Air, joined CAL at Haneda in 1999. All Taiwan flights were moved to Narita in 2002, and Haneda-Honolulu services ceased. In 2003, JAL, ANA, Korean Air and Asiana began service to Gimpo Airport near Seoul, providing a "scheduled charter" city-to-city service.

Despite the Transport Ministry's initial reservations about expanding Haneda Airport onto new landfill in Tokyo Bay, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government began using the adjacent bay area as a waste dumping site, thus creating a large amount of landfill upon which the airport could expand. In July 1988, a new runway opened on the landfill area. In September 1993, the old airport terminal was replaced by a new West Passenger Terminal, nicknamed "Big Bird," which was built farther out on the landfill. Two new runways were completed in March 1997 and March 2000. In 2004, Terminal 2 opened at Haneda for ANA and Air Do; the 1993 terminal, now known as Terminal 1, became the base for JAL, Skymark and Skynet Asia Airways.[8]

In October 2006, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao reached an informal agreement to launch bilateral talks regarding an additional city-to-city service between Haneda and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport.[9] On 25 June 2007, the two governments concluded an agreement allowing for the Haneda-Hongqiao service to commence from October 2007.[10]

In December 2007, Japan and the People's Republic of China reached a basic agreement on opening charter services between Haneda and Beijing Nanyuan Airport. However, because of difficulties in negotiating with the Chinese military operators of Nanyuan, the first charter flights in August 2008 (coinciding with the 2008 Summer Olympics) used Beijing Capital International Airport instead, as did subsequent scheduled charters to Beijing.[11]

In June 2007, Haneda gained the right to host international flights that depart between 8:30 PM and 11:00 PM and arrive between 6 AM and 8:30 AM. The airport allows departures and arrivals between 11 PM and 6 AM, as Narita Airport is closed during these hours.[12][13]

Macquarie Bank and Macquarie Airports owned a 19.9% stake in Japan Airport Terminal until 2009, when they sold their stake back to the company.[14]

New international terminal

A third terminal for international flights was completed in October 2010. The cost to construct the five-story terminal building and attached 2,300-car parking deck was covered by a Private Finance Initiative process, revenues from duty-free concessions and a facility use charge of 2,000 per passenger. Both the Tokyo Monorail and the Keiky Airport Line added stops at the new terminal, and an international air cargo facility was constructed nearby.[15][16]

The fourth runway (05/23), which is called D Runway,[17] was constructed via land reclamation to the south of the existing airfield, and was completed in 2010. This runway was designed to increase Haneda's operational capacity from 285,000 movements to 407,000 movements per year, permitting increased frequencies on existing routes, as well as routes to new destinations.[15] In particular, Haneda would offer additional slots to handle 60,000 overseas flights a year (30,000 during the day and 30,000 during late night and early morning hours).[18][19]

In May 2008, the Japanese Ministry of Transport announced that international flights would be allowed between Haneda and any overseas destination, provided that such flights must operate between 11 PM and 7 AM.[18] The Ministry of Transport originally planned to allocate a number of the newly available landing slots to international flights of 1,947 km (1,210 mi) or less (the distance to Ishigaki, the longest domestic flight operating from Haneda).[15] The destinations within this range include all of Korea, parts of eastern and northern China including Shanghai, Qingdao, Dalian, Harbin,and Beijing, and parts of the Russian Far East including Vladivostok and Sakhalin.[20][21]

Japan Airlines and V Australia announced interest in operating nonstop service to Sydney.[22]

Haneda Airport's new international terminal has received numerous complaints from passengers using it during night hours. One of the complaints is the lack of amenities available in the building as most restaurants and shops are closed at night. Another complaint is that there is no affordable public transportation at night operating out of the terminals. The Keikyu Airport Line, Tokyo Monorail and most bus operators stop running services out of Haneda by midnight, and so passengers landing at night are forced to go by car or taxi to their destination. A Haneda spokesperson said that they would work with transportation operators and the government to improve the situation.[23]

Future expansion plans

In June 2011, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport announced an expansion of the new international terminal, to be completed by the end of March 2014. The expansion will include a new 8-gate pier to the northwest of the existing terminal, an expansion of the adjacent apron with four new aircraft parking spots, a hotel inside the international terminal, and expanded check-in, customs/immigration/quarantine and baggage claim areas.[24]

Incidents and accidents
  • February 4, 1966: All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a Boeing 727-81, crashed into Tokyo Bay about 10.4 km from Haneda in clear weather conditions while on an evening approach. All 133 passengers and crew were killed. The accident held the death toll record for a single-plane accident until 1969.
  • March 4, 1966: Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 402, a Douglas DC-8-43 registered CF-CPK, descended below the glide path and struck the approach lights and a seawall during a night landing attempt in poor visibility at Tokyo International Airport in Japan. The flight had departed Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport and had almost diverted to Taipei due to the poor weather in Tokyo. Of the 62 passengers and 10 crew, only 8 passengers survived.
  • March 5, 1966: BOAC Flight 911, a Boeing 707436 registered G-APFE, broke-up in flight en route from Haneda Airport to Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport, on a segment of an around-the-world flight. The bad weather that had caused the Canadian Pacific crash the day before also caused exceptionally strong winds around Mt. Fuji, and the BOAC jet encountered severe turbulence that caused the aircraft to break apart at an altitude of 16,000 feet, killing all 113 passengers and 11 crew. The debris field was over 10 miles long. Although there was not a cockpit voice recorder on this aircraft or any distress calls made by the crew, the investigators did find an 8mm film shot by one of the passengers that, when developed, confirmed the accident was consistent with an in-flight breakup and loss of control due to severe turbulence. There is a famous photo of this ill-fated airliner passing the still smouldering wreckage of Canadian Pacific Flight 402 as it taxied out to the runway at Haneda.
  • August 12, 1985: Japan Airlines Flight 123, a Boeing 747-146SR suffered a massive decompression when the rear bulkhead was blown out, severing all hydraulic lines and a portion of the tail. With all control surfaces so rendered useless, the flight crew managed for a time to maneuver the aircraft with the thrust levers in an attempt to return to Haneda. Flight 123 crashed into a ridge some miles short of Tokyo International. Of 524 passengers and crew aboard, there were 520 fatalities. The crash of JA123 remains the worldwide deadliest involving a single aircraft.
  • July 23, 1999: All Nippon Airways Flight 61 was hijacked shortly after takeoff. The hijacker killed the captain before he was subdued; the aircraft landed safely.

Terminals

Haneda Airport has three terminals. The main terminals, 1 and 2, are connected by an underground walkway; a free shuttle bus runs between the main terminals and the smaller International Terminal every five minutes.

Haneda Airport is open 24 hours. The two main (domestic) passenger terminals are only open from 5 AM to 11:30 PM. The terminals may be extended to 24-hour operation due to StarFlyer's late-night and early-morning service between Haneda and Kitakyushu, which began in March 2006. (The International Terminal is open 24 hours.)

All three terminals are managed by Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. ( Nippon Kk Birudingu Kabushikigaisha?), a private company. The rest of the airport is managed by the government. It has 46 jetways altogether.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 called "Big Bird" opened in 1993. This largest terminal in Haneda Airport replacing the smaller 1970 terminal complex. The linear building features a six-story restaurant, shopping area and conference rooms in its center section and a large rooftop observation deck with open-air rooftop cafe.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened on December 1, 2004. It features an open-air rooftop restaurant, a six-story shopping area with restaurants and the 387-room Haneda Excel Hotel Tokyu.

The construction of Terminal 2 was financed by levying a 170 [from 1 April 2011] passenger service facility charge on tickets, the first domestic Passenger Service Facilities Charge (PSFC) in Japan.

International terminal

The current international terminal opened on October 21, 2010. The first two long-haul flights from the new terminal departed before midnight on October 30, 2010; they were originally scheduled to depart after midnight on October 31, but both departed ahead of schedule.[25]

Cargo facilities

Haneda is the third-largest air cargo hub in Japan after Narita and Kansai. The airport property is adjacent to the Tokyo Freight Terminal, the main rail freight yard serving central Tokyo.

Other facilities

Haneda Airport has a special VIP terminal and two parking spots for private aircraft. This area is often used by foreign heads of state visiting Japan, as well as by the Japanese Air Force One and other aircraft carrying government officials. (Narita is also regularly used for such flights despite its much greater distance from central Tokyo.) The Tokyo Metropolitan Police have historically conducted heightened security measures, including ID checks of visibly foreign passengers, during times when the airport is being used for state visits.[26] Japan Airlines operates training facilities and the Safety Promotion Center at the periphery of the airport.

The Japan Coast Guard has a base at Haneda which is used by Special Rescue Team.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air China Beijing-Capital International
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur International
All Nippon Airways Akita, Fukuoka, Hachijojima, Hakodate, Hiroshima, Iwakuni, Kagoshima, Kobe, Kchi, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Kushiro, Masuda, Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Monbetsu, Nagasaki, Nakashibetsu, Odate-Noshiro, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka-Itami, Osaka-Kansai, Saga, Sapporo-Chitose, Shonai, Takamatsu, Tottori, Toyama, Ube, Wajima, Wakkanai, Yonago 2
All Nippon Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Seoul-Gimpo, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Singapore, Taipei-Songshan International
All Nippon Airways operated by Air Japan Honolulu International
All Nippon Airways operated by ANA Wings Miyakejima, Oshima 2
American Airlines New York-JFK International
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon International
British Airways London-Heathrow International
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong International
China Airlines Taipei-Songshan International
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao International
Delta Air Lines Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma (begins 3 June 2013)[27] International
Emirates Dubai (begins 4 June 2013)[28] International
EVA Air Taipei-Songshan International
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali International
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu International
Hokkaido International Airlines Asahikawa, Hakodate, Memanbetsu, Sapporo-Chitose, Tokachi-Obihiro 2
Japan Airlines Akita, Aomori, Asahikawa, Fukuoka, Hakodate, Hiroshima, Izumo, Kagoshima, Kitakysh, Kchi, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Kushiro, Matsuyama, Memanbetsu, Misawa, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka-Itami, Osaka-Kansai, Sapporo-Chitose, Takamatsu, Tokachi-Obihiro, Tokushima, Ube 1
Japan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, San Francisco, Seoul-Gimpo, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Singapore, Taipei-Songshan International
Japan Airlines operated by J-Air Shirahama, Ube, Yamagata 1
Japan Airlines operated by JAL Express Akita, Amami shima, Kagoshima, Kitakysh, Kchi, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Memanbetsu, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka-Kansai, Takamatsu, Tokushima, Ube 1
Japan Airlines operated by Japan Transocean Air Ishigaki, Miyako 1
Korean Air Seoul-Gimpo, Seoul-Incheon[29] International
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Charter: Ulan Bator International
Mongolian Airlines Ulan Bator International
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao International
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
Skymark Airlines Asahikawa, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kitakysh, Kobe, Kumamoto, Nagoya-Centrair, Okinawa, Sapporo-Chitose 1
Solaseed Air Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita 2
StarFlyer Fukuoka, Kitakysh 1
StarFlyer Osaka-Kansai 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
Cargo Airlines
Airlines Destinations
All Nippon Airways Osaka-Kansai, Saga, Sapporo-Chitose
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan [30]
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong

Statistics

Traffic by calendar year
Year Passengers Number of landings Cargo volume (tons) Post handled (kg)
1997 (Heisei 9) 49,302,268 109,593 583,912 112,584,991
1998 (Heisei 10) 51,240,704 118,214 586,144 107,047,595
1999 (Heisei 11) 54,338,212 121,059 615,108 109,222,690
2000 (Heisei 12) 56,402,206 128,197 656,710 113,038,970
2001 (Heisei 13) 58,692,688 135,202 609,460 115,665,106
2002 (Heisei 14) 61,079,478 141,337 592,833 114,467,148
2003 (Heisei 15) 62,876,182 149,456 613,589 109,147,365
2004 (Heisei 16) 62,291,405 152,673 651,422 122,694,123
2005 (Heisei 17) 63,303,843 154,540 672,465 126,206,582
2006 (Heisei 18) 66,089,277 162,025 700,284 136,980,848
2007 (Heisei 19) 66,823,414 165,909 719,895 132,451,925
2008 (Heisei 20) 66,707,213 169,806 772,617 76,787,209
2009 (Heisei 21) 61,934,302 167,858 733,178 56,673,002
2010 (Heisei 22) 64,211,074 171,402 818,806 -
Source: Civil Aviation Bureau; Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (19972006,[31] 200709[32])
Source: Airports Council International 2010 (Landings = Movements / 2) [33])

Ground transportation

Transfer to/from Narita Airport

Haneda Airport is approximately 1.52 hours from Narita Airport by rail or bus. Keisei runs direct suburban trains (called Access Express) between Haneda and Narita in 88 minutes for 1740 as of May 2012.[34] There are also direct buses between the airports operated by Airport Limousine Bus. The journey takes 6585 minutes or longer depending on traffic and cost 3000 as of May 2012.[35]

Rail

Haneda Airport is served by the Keihin Kyuko Railway (Keiky) and Tokyo Monorail. The monorail has two dedicated stations (Haneda Airport Terminal 1 Station and Haneda Airport Terminal 2 Station), Keiky operates a single station between the domestic terminals (Haneda Airport Station), and both lines stop at the International Terminal Station.

Keiky offers trains to Shinagawa Station and Yokohama Station and through service to the Toei Asakusa Line, which makes several stops in eastern Tokyo. Some Keiky trains also run through to the Keisei Oshiage Line and Keisei Main Line, making it possible to reach Narita International Airport by train. Although a few direct trains run in the morning, a transfer along the Keisei Line is generally necessary to reach Narita.

Tokyo Monorail trains run between the airport and Hamamatsuch Station, where passengers can connect to the Yamanote Line to reach other points in Tokyo, or Keihin Tohoku Line to Saitama, and have a second access option to Narita Airport via Narita Express, Airport Narita, or Sbu Line (Rapid) Trains at Tokyo Station. Express trains make the nonstop run from Haneda Airport to Hamamatsuch in 16 minutes. Hamamatsuch Station is also located adjacent to the Toei Oedo Line Daimon station.

Road

The airport is bisected by the Bayshore Route of the Shuto Expressway and is also accessible from Route 1. Scheduled bus service to various points in the Kanto region is provided by Airport Transport Service (Friendly Airport Limousine) and Keihin Express Bus.

See also

References

  1. ^ AIS Japan
  2. ^ "Tokyo Hanedas new runway and terminal welcome more international services; almost 50 domestic routes served". anna.aero airline route news & analysis. 20 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Koyen, Jeff (9 September 2009). "World's most on-time airports". The Age (Melbourne). 
  4. ^ ()
  5. ^ Susan H. Godson, Serving Proudly (Naval Institute Press).
  6. ^ a b ()
  7. ^ http://www.aviationwire.jp/archives/11174
  8. ^ (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport)
  9. ^ Japan, China to consider Tokyo-Shanghai shuttle flights, Kyodo, October 10, 2006.
  10. ^ Shuttle flights to connect Tokyo, Shanghai in October, Channel NewsAsia, 25 June 2007.
  11. ^ , Mainichi Shimbun, June 11, 2008.
  12. ^ Boeing: Narita Airport Noise Regulations
  13. ^ "ANA to start Haneda-Hong Kong route in April," Daily Yomiuri Online
  14. ^ Japan Airport Rises on Plan to Buy Macquarie Shares, Bloomberg News, May 20, 2009.
  15. ^ a b c (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport)
  16. ^ Nagata, Kazuaki, "Haneda new old kid on the block", Japan Times, 20 October 2010, p. 3.
  17. ^ HANEDA D-Runway Report (No.5) TO THE NEXT STAGE, HANEDA Airport Construction Office, MLIT, Japan, September 2009.
  18. ^ a b Japan to Double Haneda Airport Overseas Flight Slots, Bloomberg.net, May 20, 2008
  19. ^ International Haneda flights to double by '10, The Japan Times, May 21, 2008.
  20. ^ Great Circle Mapper
  21. ^ Fukada, Takahiro, "The advantages of travel via Haneda", Japan Times, 20 October 2010, p. 3.
  22. ^ Chris Cooper (2 June 2009). "Virgin Blue May Start Tokyo-Sydney Flights Within 18 Months". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  23. ^ Fukada, Takahiro (7 January 2011). "Haneda's nighttime services falling short with travelers". The Japan Times. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  24. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/report/press/cab07_hh_000040.html
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ Debito Arudou, "Instant Checkpoints in Japan: Extranationality As Sufficient Grounds For Criminal Suspicion." [2]
  27. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/news/delta-thanks-u-department-transportation-200000123.html;_ylt=A2KJ3CSQbRFRKBoAzfnQtDMD
  28. ^ "Emirates to open third destination in Japan" (Press release). Emirates. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  29. ^ http://www.koreanair.com/local/jp/gd/eng/ft/ne/20101025_75481.jsp
  30. ^ EVA Air Cargo Schedule
  31. ^ "". Civil Aviation Bureau; Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  32. ^ "". Civil Aviation Bureau; Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  33. ^ "Annual Traffic Data". Airports Council International. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "How do I get to...? Haneda Airport". Keisei Electric Railway. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  35. ^ "Haneda-Narita timetable". Airport Limousine Bus. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 

External links


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