|Vancouver International Airport|
|IATA: YVR ICAO: CYVR
|Operator||Vancouver Airport Authority|
|Location||Richmond, British Columbia, Canada|
|Elevation AMSL||14 ft / 4 m|
|A||Unmarked arrival/departure hover area|
|Number of passengers||17,596,901 (2,012)|
|Sources: Canada Flight Supplement
Movements from Vancouver Airport Authority
Passenger statistics from Vancouver Airport Authority.
Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 12 km (7.5 mi) from Downtown Vancouver. In 2011 it was the second busiest airport in Canada by aircraft movements (296,942) and passengers (17.0 million), behind Toronto Pearson International Airport, with non-stop flights daily to Asia, Europe, Oceania, the United States, and Mexico, and other airports within Canada. The airport has won several notable international best airport awards; it won the Skytrax Best North American Airport award in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 the second, third, fourth and fifth time respectively it has received the honour (the first was in 2007). It is the only North American Airport included in the top 10 for 2013. YVR also retains the distinction of Best Canadian Airport in the regional results. It is a hub for Air Canada, Air Canada Express and Air Transat as well as a focus city for WestJet. Vancouver International Airport is one of eight Canadian airports that have US Border Preclearance facilities. Vancouver International Airport (YVR) has been named, "The Best Airport in North America". The airport also made the list of top 10 airports in the world, rated at 9th overall, for the first time in 2012. In 2013 it is rated 8th overall worldwide. It is also one of the few big international airports to have a terminal for scheduled floatplanes.
Vancouver International Airport is owned by Transport Canada and is managed by Vancouver Airport Authority, which also manages other airports around the world through its Vancouver Airport Services subsidiary.
In 1927 Charles Lindbergh refused to include Vancouver in his North American tour because of the lack of a proper airport. Two years later the city purchased land on Sea Island for aviation purposes, replacing the original grass airstrip at Minoru Park. During World War II the airports and its original terminal, now the South Terminal, would be leased to the Federal government, and operated by the Department of National Defence and the Department of Transport. The airport was a base for Royal Canadian Air Force training, the crews and their families housed in a new townsite on the island, named Burkeville after Boeing president Stanley Burke. Funds from the lease were used to purchase additional land for new hangars and a production plant for Boeing Aircraft of Canada.
The present main terminal was completed in 1968 and has been expanded to include separate domestic and international terminals. A north runway was completed in 1996.
In 2011 the airport announced that it will encourage airlines to start more flights between Vancouver and Asia.
Due to its proximity to Asia in relation to the rest of Canada, as well as the large Asian population and Canadian-Asian business connections in the region, Vancouver International Airport is the major gateway between Canada and Asia. It has more transpacific flights than any other airport in Canada.
On March 1, 2010 the day after the conclusion of the 2010 Winter Olympics, the airport was expected to set a record for daily traffic, with an estimated increase of 39,000 departing passengers, in addition to the 2009 daily average of 22,000 arrivals.
Vancouver International Airport has three terminals:
The International and Domestic terminals could be considered to be one very large building divided into two sections, while the South terminal is located in a remote part of the airport. The South Terminal serves regional airlines which fly mostly within British Columbia. The International Terminal serves international destinations, with most US-bound flights utilising the US Border Preclearance facilities in the International Terminal.
YVR is one of eight Canadian airports that has United States border preclearance facilities. The International terminal utilizes glass partitions to physically separate US-bound passengers from others from customs through to boarding. As a result, not all airport retail shops are available to all passengers.
Free high speed Wi-Fi internet access is available in the International and Domestic Terminals.
Vancouver International Airport's interior has a uniquely British Columbian theme, featuring one of the most extensive collections of Pacific Northwest Coast Native art in the world, and blues and greens to reflect the colours of the land, sea and sky. The airport uses a great deal of carpet and vast expanses of glass to let in large amounts of natural light. One of the most noticeable places for an arriving passenger is the International arrivals hall, a large area where customs and immigration procedures are completed. Arriving passengers come down escalators leading to a platform across a large waterfall. The YVR aboriginal art collection includes wooden sculptures and totem poles. Bill Reid's sculpture in bronze, "The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Jade Canoe", is displayed in the international departures area. The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at Vancouver International Airport.
The Vancouver International Airport is well regarded as one of the most accessible airports in the world. In 2004, the Vancouver International Airport was awarded of the Rick Hansen Accessibility Award, which recognizes facilities and communities that improve the quality of life for people with mobility limitations. The Vancouver International Airport has exceeded national building code requirements with respect to access for people with disabilities, which Hansen has stressed, benefits not only people in wheelchairs, but the elderly, the blind, parents pushing strollers and everyone else with mobility problems 
Since 1992, the Vancouver Airport Authority has been working with an independent accessibility consultant to eliminate the physical barriers in the built environment, and is committed to providing fully accessible terminal facilities for people of all backgrounds and capabilities  With 80% of the vacationing traveling public over the age of 55, and with more than 550 million people world-wide that have a disability, the Vancouver International Airports commitment to meaningful access is a fundamental part of good customer service 
Designated short-term parking spaces and curb-side ramps are available on each level of the terminal building for vehicles displaying a valid SPARC permit, and are located next to main doors near check-in counters and baggage claim areas for easier access. Lowered counters with toe clearance for wheelchair users are also available at check-in, customer care, and all retail outlets in the Vancouver Airport. Bathrooms have also been designed to be wheelchair accessible with doorless and no-touch entry features, lowered sinks, and handsfree bathroom dispensers. Grab bars and emergency call buttons are also present in all wheelchair accessible toilet stalls.
Low resistance carpeting and other materials such as laminate flooring have been utilized throughout the airport to make it easier for people using wheelchairs and walkers to move throughout the airport. Elevators are large and allow for easy turning in a wheelchair, and special wheelchairs designed to fit down aircraft isles are utilized to assist with boarding and deplaning. Wheelchair lifts have been installed at aircraft gates to provide disabled passengers with their own wheelchairs as quickly as possible after an aircraft lands in Vancouver.
Features that have been implemented throughout the Vancouver Airport to aid those with hearing loss include a public address system that is designed to reduce noise pollution for those with hearing aids. The Vancouver Airport has installed more individual speakers in a given space than is standard, which allows the volume of the speakers to be turned down and provides a better quality of sound. At check-in counters, amplified handsets are available to aid those with hearing aids, and all telephones throughout the airport have adjustable volume controls. "Visual pagers" are dedicated video monitors that are located throughout the airport and convey important information to travellers that have hearing impairments. In the event of an emergency, a video override system displays large bold messages on all entertainment systems, and provides information about the type of emergency and the required coarse of action from the public. Strobe fire alarms have also been installed throughout the airport, and have been carefully programmed to prevent seizures to those with epilepsy. The Vancouver Airport has its own TTY telephone number for incoming inquiries about airport operations, and within the terminal there are also 23 public telephone equipped with TTY at both stand up and seated positions
The Vancouver Airport also has numerous features that have been implemented to assist visually impaired travellers. Three types of flooring are utilized throughout the terminal and function as a texturized guide to assist travellers in identifying their location within the airport. In areas with tile or terrazzo, patterns in the tile help to identify exits. Areas that have carpet help to identify that a gate is close by, and areas with laminate flooring indicate retail spaces. Tactile maps are also available at customer service counters throughout the airport, and braille and tactile lettering are used throughout the airport to indicate building features such as washrooms.
Vancouver Airport Authority was one of the first airports in North America to institute a volunteer program in 1989. Volunteers in green vest/jacket are deployed around the airport to provide information, customer service and be the 'eyes and ears' for the various partners in the airport community between the hours of 6 am to 10 pm everyday. Volunteers are given basic training in airport operations and undertake many of the similar trainings mandated to airport employees. Each volunteer is required to obtain Transportation Security Clearance and Restricted Area Identification Card for the purposes of accessing the restricted and sterile areas of the terminal.
|Air Canada||Calgary, Edmonton, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Kelowna, Whitehorse
|Air Canada||Beijing-Capital, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Mexico City, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney (Australia), Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: San José del Cabo
|Air Canada||Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco
Seasonal: Anchorage, Kailua-Kona
|Air Canada Express operated by Jazz Air||Castlegar, Cranbrook, Fort McMurray, Fort St. John, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Penticton, Prince George, Prince Rupert, Regina, Sandspit, Saskatoon, Smithers, Terrace, Victoria, Whitehorse
|Air Canada Express operated by Jazz Air||Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma||Transborder|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland||International|
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Cancún, Frankfurt, Glasgow-International, Manchester, Manzanillo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta
|Alaska Airlines||Los Angeles||Transborder|
|Alaska Airlines operated by Horizon Air||Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma||Transborder|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth||Transborder|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong, New York-JFK||International|
|Central Mountain Air||Campbell River, Comox, Dawson Creek, Quesnel, Williams Lake||Domestic|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong||International|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou||International|
|Condor Flugdienst||Seasonal: Frankfurt||International|
|Delta Air Lines||Seasonal: Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St Paul, New York-JFK (begins June 6, 2013), Salt Lake City||Transborder|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul||Transborder|
|Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines||Salt Lake City||Transborder|
|Edelweiss Air||Seasonal: Zurich||International|
|First Air||Seasonal: Edmonton, Yellowknife||South|
|Flair Airlines||Kelowna, Comox, Fort Nelson, Victoria||South|
|Harbour Air||Ganges Harbour, Galiano Island, Miners Bay, Saturna Island, Bedwell Harbour, Victoria/Inner Harbour, Nanaimo||South|
|Hawkair||Prince Rupert, Smithers, Terrace||Domestic|
|Island Express Air||Nanaimo, Abbotsford, Victoria||South|
|Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter||Masset, Sandspit, Kelowna||South|
|KD Air||Qualicum Beach, Gilles Bay/Texada Island||South|
Seasonal: Munich (begins 16 May 2013)
|Northern Thunderbird Air||Smithers, Mackenzie, Prince George||South|
|Orca Airways||Qualicum Beach, Tofino, Victoria||South|
|Pacific Coastal Airlines||Anahim Lake, Bella Coola, Campbell River, Comox, Cranbrook, Masset, Port Hardy, Powell River, Trail, Victoria, Williams Lake||South|
|Pat Bay Air||Victoria/Inner Harbour, Victoria, Cowichan Bay and other parts of Vancouver Island||South|
|Salt Spring Air||Ganges Harbour, Maple Bay, Victoria||South|
|San Juan Airlines||Anacortes, Bellingham, Seattle-Boeing Field/King County Airport, Friday Harbor||South|
|Seair Seaplanes||Ganges Harbour, Galiano Island, Miners Bay, Saturna Island, Port Washington, Thetis Island, Nanaimo, Sechelt, Bedwell Harbour||South|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Shenyang||International|
|Tofino Air||Gabriola Island, Sechelt||South|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, San Francisco
Seasonal: Newark, Washington-Dulles (begins June 8, 2013)
|United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines||Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco||Transborder|
|US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Phoenix||Transborder|
|Virgin Atlantic||Seasonal: London-Heathrow||International|
|West Coast Air||Nanaimo, Sechelt, Victoria/Inner Harbour||South|
|WestJet||Calgary, Edmonton, Kelowna, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Prince George, Toronto-Pearson, Winnipeg, Whitehorse, Yellowknife
Seasonal: Regina, Saskatoon
|WestJet||Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
|WestJet||Honolulu, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Los Angeles, Orange County
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Palm Springs, Phoenix, San Francisco
|WestJet operated by WestJet Encore||Fort St. John (begins 24 June 2013), Victoria (begins 24 June 2013)||Domestic|
|Whistler Air||Whistler/Green Lake||South|
|Air North||Seasonal: Masset, Sandspit, Kelowna||South|
|Canadian North||Seasonal: Kelowna, Kamloops, D.N.D. Cadet Flights||South|
|CanJet||Seasonal: Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo||International|
|Miami Air International||Seasonal: Anchorage, Nome, Miami||International|
|Sunwing Airlines||Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson||Domestic|
|Sunwing Airlines||Cancún, Puerto Vallarta
Seasonal: Huatulco, Los Cabos, Mazatlán, Varadero
|Ameriflight||Occasional: Ketchikan, Klawock, Seattle-Boeing|
|Cargojet Airways||Calgary, Hamilton, Montréal, Winnipeg|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, Los Angeles|
|China Southern Airlines Cargo||Los Angeles, Shanghai-Pudong|
|DHL Express operated by ABX Air||Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Seattle-Boeing|
|DHL Express operated by Airpac Airlines||Seattle-Boeing|
|EVA Air Cargo||Anchorage, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Empire Airlines||Spokane|
|FedEx Feeder operated by Morningstar Air Express||Victoria, Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg, Toronto-Pearson|
|Polet Airlines||Occasional: Air Cargo|
|Purolator Courier operated by Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter||Victoria, Kelowna, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Hamilton|
|UPS Airlines||Louisville, Seattle-Boeing|
|Volga-Dnepr||Occasional: Air Cargo|
In May 2005, the federal government, which owns the land, announced it was cutting rent costs by 54%. The rent reductions will cut the cost of the lease by approximately $840 million CAD between 20062020, or $5.0 billion CAD over the term of the lease, which ends in 2052. Currently, the airport authority pays about $80 million CAD each year in rent.
Passengers traveling through YVR are no longer required to pay a separate Airport Improvement Fee; it now is included in the price of a ticket.
The international and domestic terminals are served by YVRAirport Station, a terminus station of the Canada Line. A link building ($117 million, completed in 2007) links the international terminal with the domestic terminal, and serves as the arrival and departure area for users of the Canada Line. The Canada Line, one of three existing lines of Metro Vancouver's SkyTrain rapid transit network, opened in August 2009, in advance of the 2010 Winter Olympics in the following February. Vancouver's airport is the only one in Canada with a rail rapid transit connection. Vancouver International Airport contributed $300 million to the Canada Line construction.
Late at night and during Canada Line service interruptions, the N10 night bus connects the airport's international and domestic terminals to Richmond and downtown Vancouver. The airport's south terminal is served by the C92 bus, which connects to the Canada Line at Bridgeport Station.
YVR recently completed a $1.4-billion, multi-year capital development plan, which included a four-gate expansion to the International Terminal Wing, completed in June 2007. Two of the four new gates are conventional wide-bodied gates, and two are able to accommodate the Airbus A380. The international terminal addition has several examples of beauty in British Columbia, including a stream in a pathway and fish and jellyfish tanks.
Also recently completed was a five-gate and food and retail expansion in the Domestic Terminal's C-Pier, completed in 2009, and the Canada Line rapid transit link between YVR, Richmond and downtown Vancouver, which opened in August 2009.
Vancouver International Airport Authority has developed a 2007-2027 Master Plan and Land Use Plan, a look forward 20 years to ensure YVR will be able to accommodate the passengers it expects. It is asking the community for input and toured local malls with an informational display to elicit feedback. The tour is complete, but the public can still provide feedback through the Master Plan section of the YVR website, where a copy of the draft Master Plan recommendations is also available.
The airport's reputation as a premier gateway airport between Asia and North America was made evident during Operation Yellow Ribbon on September 11, 2001. With U.S. airspace closed as a result of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, there was no choice for Vancouver International Airport but to take part in the operation since it was the only major Canadian airport on the West Coast of Canada that has the capability of handling large aircraft for trans-Pacific flights. The airport handled 34 flightsthird highest total of flight that landed at a Canadian airport involved in the operation, behind Halifax and Gandercarrying 8,500 passengersmore passengers than any other Canadian airportfrom Asia to destinations on the United States West Coast and points beyond.
There are several fixed base operators that service aircraft at Vancouver International Airport:
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