|MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal
|IATA: YUL ICAO: CYUL
|Operator||Aéroports de Montréal|
|Location||Dorval and Montreal,
|Time zone||EST (UTC5)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC4)|
|Elevation AMSL||118 ft / 36 m|
MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (IATA: YUL, ICAO: CYUL) (French: Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or MontréalTrudeau, formerly known as MontréalDorval International Airport (Aéroport international Montréal-Dorval), is a Canadian airport located on the Island of Montreal, 20 km (12 mi) from Montreal's downtown core. The airport terminals are located entirely in the suburb of Dorval, while the Air Canada headquarters complex and one runway is located in Saint-Laurent, Montreal. It is an international airport serving Greater Montreal, along with the regions of northern Vermont and New York. The airport is named in honour of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.
The airport is one of two managed and operated by Aéroports de Montréal (ADM), a not-for-profit corporation without share capital; the other airport is MontréalMirabel northwest of Montreal, which was initially intended to replace the one in Dorval but now deals almost solely with cargo. MontréalTrudeau is owned by Transport Canada which has a 60-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal, as per Canada's National Airport Policy of 1994.
Trudeau is the busiest airport in the province of Quebec, the fourth-busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic and by aircraft movements, with 14.8 million passengers and 219,326 movements in 2014. It is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance and is one of the main gateways into Canada with 9,113,740 or 61.5% of its passengers being on non-domestic flights, the highest proportion amongst Canada's airports during 2014. It is one of four Air Canada hubs and, in that capacity, serves mainly Quebec, the Atlantic Provinces and Eastern Ontario. The air route between YUL and Paris-Charles de Gaulle is the seventh-busiest in terms of passengers carried (1.2 million) between Europe and a non-European destination. On an average day, nearly 40,000 passengers transit through Montréal-Trudeau.
Airlines servicing Trudeau offer year-round non-stop flights to four continents, namely Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. Additionally, Trudeau has seasonal flights to South America. It is one of only two airports in Canada with direct flights to five continents or more, the other being Toronto Pearson International Airport. Trudeau airport is headquarters and a large hub for Air Canada, the country's largest airline. It is also an operating base for Air Inuit, Air Transat, CanJet and Sunwing Airlines. It also plays a role in general aviation as home to the headquarters of Innotech-Execair, Starlink, ACASS and Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) facilities of Air Transat and Air Inuit. Transport Canada operates a Civil Aviation Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul facility on site, with a fleet of Government owned and operated civil aircraft. Bombardier Aerospace has an assembly facility on site where they build regional jets and Challenger business jets.
Trudeau was first established in the 1940s. It was becoming clear that Montreal's original airport, Saint-Hubert Airport, in operation since 1927, was no longer adequate for the city's needs. The Minister of Transport purchased land at the Dorval Race Track, which was considered the best location for the new airport because of its good weather conditions and few foggy days. Trudeau opened on September 1, 1941, as Dorval Airport with three paved runways. By 1946 the airport was hosting more than a quarter of a million passengers a year, growing to more than a million in the mid-1950s. During World War II thousands of Allied aircraft passed through Dorval on the way to England. At one time Dorval was the major transatlantic hub for commercial aviation and the busiest airport in Canada with flights from airlines such as British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC).
Until 1959, it also doubled as RCAF Station Lachine.
Airport diagram for 1954
In November 1960 the airport was renamed MontrealDorval International Airport/Aéroport international Dorval de Montréal. On December 15 of that year the Minister of Transport inaugurated a new $30 million terminal. The structure was built by Illsley, Templeton, Archibald, and Larose. At its height, it was the largest terminal in Canada and one of the biggest in the world. It was the gateway to Canada for all European air traffic and served more than two million passengers per year. Eight years later, MontréalDorval International Airport underwent a major expansion program. Despite this, the Government of Canada predicted that Dorval would be completely saturated by 1985 and also projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually. They decided to construct a new airport in Sainte-Scholastique (MontréalMirabel International Airport). As the first phase in the transition that would eventually have seen Dorval closed, all international flights (except those to and from the United States) were to be transferred to the new airport in 1975.
On November 29, 1975, Mirabel International Airport went into service. With an operations zone of 70 km2 (27 sq mi) and a buffer zone of 290 km2 (110 sq mi), it became the largest airport in the world. Many connecting flights to Canadian centres were transferred to Mirabel and 23 international airlines moved their overseas activities there. As a consequence, the mission of MontréalDorval was redefined to service domestic flights and transborder flights to the United States. Mirabel's traffic decreased due to the advent in the 1980s of longer-range jets that did not need to refuel in Montreal before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal's economic decline in the late 1970s and 1980s had a significant effect on the airport's traffic, as international flights bypassed Montreal altogether in favour of Toronto Pearson International Airport. The Trudeau government had developed Mirabel Airport to handle an expected growth in international traffic and eventually, to replace Dorval. The extra traffic never materialized and due to its closer proximity to downtown Montreal all scheduled air services have now returned to Dorval/Trudeau, while Mirabel ceased passenger operations in 2004. In May 2007 it was reported that the International Centre of Advanced Racing had signed a 25-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal to use part of the airport as a racetrack, the Circuit ICAR. At the same time the fixed base operator Hélibellule opened a facility there which caters to private planes. The company also provides a helicopter passenger service from Mirabel to destinations in Canada and the United States. They operate two different types of helicopters; the Bell 222 and the Aérospatiale Gazelle.
With all international scheduled flights returning to MontréalDorval in 1997, as well as charter flights in 2004, MontréalDorval International Airport finally became a true hub as passengers would no longer have to travel to different airports depending on the destination of their flight. The consolidation of flights to MontréalDorval resulted in an increase in passenger traffic, not only due to the transfer of flights but because it became easier to connect through Montreal.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Dorval Airport participated in Operation Yellow Ribbon, taking in seven diverted flights that had been bound for the closed airspace over the United States, even though pilots were asked to avoid the airport as a security measure. Mirabel International Airport also took in 10 other diverted flights totaling 17 diverted flight in the Montreal area bound for American cities.
As part of Operation Hestia, Canada's military response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the airport was the official gateway for repatriation flights from Haiti. As of January 24, 2010, 2,327 individuals were evacuated, mostly on Canadian military CC-177 Globemaster III and CC-130 Hercules aircraft.
Starting as Dorval Airport, then MontréalDorval International Airport, the airport was renamed MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport in honour of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau on January 1, 2004, by the federal government. The renaming had been announced in September 2003 by then Minister of Transport David Collenette. This move provoked some opposition, especially Quebec sovereigntists opposed to some of the policies of the former prime minister, as well as opposition from many aviation historians and enthusiasts who recalled Trudeau's role as an opponent of the airport, planning to close it in favour of the much larger and modern Mirabel Airport of which he was the greatest instigator of his construction. Many Montrealers still refer to Trudeau airport as "Dorval," or "Dorval Airport."
MontréalTrudeau underwent a major expansion and modernization designed to increase the terminal's capacity and substantially enhance the level of passenger service. In February 2000, with a budget of C$716 million, ADM announced plans for an extensive expansion plan that would bring MontréalTrudeau up to standard with other North American airports its size. The airport terminal had for the most part remained the same, with the exception of minor renovations, since its opening in the 1960s. With increased passenger volume resulting from the transfer of international scheduled passengers from Mirabel Airport in 1997, as well as Air Canada's intentions to make MontréalTrudeau its Eastern Canada hub, there was a strong need to greatly expand the terminal, whose capacity of roughly 7 million passengers per year had been exceeded.
The expansion program included the construction of several brand-new facilities, including a jetty for flights to the United States (US Preclearance Terminal), another for other international destinations (International Terminal) and a huge international arrivals complex. An 18-gate Transborder Concourse opened in 2003, an 11-gate International Concourse opened in 2004, new customs hall and baggage claim area for non-domestic flights and an expanded parking garage opened in 2005. Additionally, sections of the domestic area were renovated and expanded in 2007, accompanied with additional retail space. The International part of the Aeroquay satellite was demolished in 2008, leaving the domestic part for regional carriers. The completion of the CAD$716 million expansion gives MontréalTrudeau the ability to serve 15 million passengers a year. This ironically accomplished one of the goals that was to be met with the construction of Mirabel. (In the 1970s, the federal government projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually by 1985, with 17 million through Mirabel). Aéroports de Montréal financed all of these improvements itself, with no government grants. By the end of 2007, $1.5 billion had been spent to upgrade MontréalTrudeau.
On June 15, 2006, construction began on a new four-star Marriott hotel at the airport, above the transborder terminal. Originally scheduled to be completed by September 2008, the 279 first-class room hotel opened its doors on 19 August 2009. Construction was slowed down because of the recession and a collapse in the Transborder market. It contains an underground train station that will eventually connect the airport with downtown Montreal as well as ADM's corporate headquarters.
On the same day, MontrealTrudeau airport opened the doors to the refurbished, expanded, modernized and user-friendly transborder terminal, meeting the industry's highest standards. This increased the total area of the terminal from 9,320 to 18,122 m2 (100,320 to 195,060 sq ft). Furthermore, the terminal is equipped with a new baggage sorting room which allows U.S. customs officers to retrieve luggage for secondary inspection.
In July 2011, James Cherry, the CEO of Aéroports de Montréal, announced the construction of a two-phase expansion of MontréalTrudeaus international terminal. Upon completion, this expansion project will add a total of six new gates for wide-body jets, including two for the Airbus A380. In other words, the international terminal will be expanded to 17 contact gates compared to 11 currently. Furthermore, 2 remote stands will also be added. The total cost of the project is expected to be between CAD500 million and CAD600 million.
On December 20, 2012, phase I of this project, which is the opening of a new boarding lounge and gate at the far end of the international terminal, was officially completed at a cost of CAD270 million. The expansion of the international jetty - Phase II - was originally scheduled to be completed in September 2016, but the completion date has been moved to June 2016, as of April 2015.
Starting in 2006, the airport administration began the process of land access to upgrade road traffic to the airport, a new parking garage, and the improvement of the domestic terminal.
On November 30, 2006, the airport administration announced plans to relocate numerous hangars at the western part of the airport in order to expand the transborder and international jetty.
As of May 2011, photographs, films and animated works from the National Film Board of Canada, which is headquartered in Montreal, are on display as part of the airport's Montreal Identity/L'Aerogalerie program.
In 2012, the last 4 hangars remaining were demolished to leave the space for the future expansion of the international jetty. Tenants, Air Creebec and Air Inuit, were relocated in some new facilities.
On December 19, 2013, some new commercial zones opened in the public and international areas of the terminal. Also, a newly enhanced duty-free was opened in the international jetty which offers an even broader array of quality brands and products. With these additions, the airport now boasts more than 90 stores and restaurants. In addition to the commercial enhancements, newly installed media walls in the public area and along the international jetty will make access to the information for passengers easier. These interactive displays will be introduced around the terminal building, providing passengers with flight schedules, waiting time at the security screening checkpoints, walking times to the gates, a map of the terminal and other useful information.
Aéroports de Montréal, the City of Montreal, Transports Québec and Transport Canada are planning to improve the Dorval interchange and build direct road links between the airport and highways 20 and 520. Once the certificate of authorization was obtained, work began in June 2009 with a potential end date of 2017. The project will entail redesigning the roads network within the airport site.
There are plans for a rail line connecting Pointe-Claire with Downtown Montreal, the Train de l'Ouest, with a station to be built at the airport. The new line, estimated to cost $2.6 billion with a length of 25 km, would be financed by the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and operated by Agence métropolitaine de transport. It is planned to be completed in 2020.
The last round of construction improved Trudeau to allow the airport to accommodate the Airbus A380. An Airbus-marked aircraft (MSN007) took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and landed at MontréalTrudeau on 12 November 2007 with some 500 guests aboard. It left Montreal on 13 November to go to Orlando International Airport in Florida (United States). It returned to Montreal on 15 November, continuing to Paris on the same day and then back to its Toulouse base.
As part of the 60th anniversary of Air France in Canada celebrations, Air France sent their Airbus A380 to MontrealTrudeau on their AF346/347 scheduled flight on October 7, 2010, as a one-day special flight. It was also the first Air France A380 to land in Canada.
Air France became the first operator of the type in Montreal on April 22, 2011, when they officially launched their daily A380 service from Paris. They were using gate 55, which is equipped with two air bridges to load and unload passengers on both decks of the A380 simultaneously.
A380 service during summer 2012 was reduced to 4 weekly flights and was canceled in October 2012.
The airport is divided into three concourses, with each one being used for passenger traffic heading to certain areas. The domestic concourse, which is accessible by the check-point A, holds 26 gates: 112, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 2730, 32, 34, 4749.
The International concourse, which is also accessible by the check-point A, is dedicated to flights with destinations outside of Canada and the United States. The International terminal holds 12 gates: 5053, 5562. Gates 53 and 62 are used by Passenger Transfer Vehicles. Six additional gates are currently being added as part of an expansion of the international jetty. They are currently scheduled to open in June 2016.
Finally there's a concourse dedicated to all U.S. bound flights. This one is accessible by the check-point C and it holds 18 gates: 7289.
Two major airline alliances (Star Alliance and SkyTeam) have a large presence at Montreal Trudeau, and therefore all maintain frequent flyer lounges within the airport. There is also a "Pay-In" lounges open for use by all passengers, regardless of airline, frequent flyer status, or class of travel.
From the airport, a "domestic" flight is considered a flight within Canada while a "transborder" flight is between Montreal and a destination in the United States. An "international" flight is between Montreal and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada.
In 2014, the airport handled 9.2 million passengers on international flights (US included), making it the 2nd busiest airport in Canada in terms of international passenger traffic.
|Year||Total Passengers||% change||Domestic||% change||International||% change||Transborder||% change|
*^A Statistics prior to 2004 are from Transport Canada. From 2004 on statistics are from ADM. Transport Canada's statistics are consistently lower than those of ADM. For example TC passenger numbers for 2004 are 9,369,584.
Some 40 airlines offer non-stop services to more than 130 regular and seasonal destinations worldwide.
|Air Canada||Brussels, Calgary, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Fort-de-France, Fort Lauderdale (ends December 15, 2015), Geneva, Halifax, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon (begins June 16, 2016), Montego Bay, Ottawa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pointe-à-Pitre, St. John's, San Francisco, Samaná, TorontoPearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Antigua, Barbados, ChicagoO'Hare, Curaçao, Fort Myers, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Romana (begins December 21, 2015), Liberia (Costa Rica), Mexico City, Miami, Nassau (ends January 10, 2016), New YorkLaGuardia, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, San Salvador (Bahamas), St. Lucia-Hewanorra, Tampa (ends January 10, 2016), West Palm Beach (ends January 10, 2016)
|Air Canada Express||Bagotville, Baie-Comeau, Bathurst, Boston, Charlottetown, ChicagoO'Hare, Fredericton, Gaspé, Halifax, Hartford, Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Fredericton, Halifax, Moncton, Mont-Joli, Newark, New YorkLaGuardia, London (ON), Ottawa, Quebec City, Rouyn-Noranda, Saint John (NB), Sept-Îles, TorontoBilly Bishop, TorontoPearson, Val-d'Or, Wabush, WashingtonNational, Winnipeg||A, C|
|Air Canada Rouge||Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cozumel, Fort Lauderdale (begins December 16, 2015), Holguin, Las Vegas, Orlando, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, RomeFiumicino, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Cayo Largo del Sur, Nassau (begins January 17, 2016), Nice, Tampa (begins January 15, 2016), VeniceMarco Polo, West Palm Beach (begins January 15, 2016)
|Air China||BeijingCapital (begins September 29, 2015)||A|
|Air Creebec||Chisasibi, Waskaganish||A|
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle||A|
|Air Inuit||Kuujjuaq, Puvirnituq, Salluit, Sept-Îles||A|
|Air Transat||Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Fort Lauderdale, Holguin, Málaga, Montego Bay, Orlando, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, St. Maarten, Varadero
Summer seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bordeaux, Brussels, Budapest, Dublin, Halifax, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Marseille, Nantes, Nice, Porto, Prague, RomeFiumicino, Toulouse, VeniceMarco Polo
Winter seasonal: Acapulco, Camaguey, Cartagena de Indias, Cozumel, Fort-de-France, Havana (begins December 21, 2015), Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo (begins December 25, 2015), La Romana, Liberia (Costa Rica), Managua, Panama City, Pointe-à-Pitre, Río Hato (begins November 16, 2015), Roatán, San José de Costa Rica, San Andres Islands, St. Lucia-Hewanorra
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||C|
|American Eagle||ChicagoO'Hare, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia||C|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City||A|
|Corsair International||Seasonal: ParisOrly||A|
|Cubana||Camaguey, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguin, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero||A|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK
|Delta Connection||Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia||C|
|First Air||Iqaluit, Kuujjuaq||A|
|Porter Airlines||Halifax, TorontoBilly Bishop
Seasonal: Mont Tremblant
|Provincial Airlines||Sept-Îles, Wabush||A|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||A|
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia||A|
|SATA International||Seasonal: Ponta Delgada||A|
|Sunwing Airlines||Camaguey, Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Freeport, Holguin, Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Santa Clara, St. Maarten, Varadero
Seasonal: Aruba, Barbados, Cayo Largo del Sur, Fort Lauderdale, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Ceiba, Liberia, Manzanillo, Panama City, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Río Hato, San José del Cabo, Santiago de Cuba, St. Lucia-Hewanorra
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||A|
|United Express||ChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles||C|
|US Airways Express1||Charlotte, Philadelphia||C|
|WestJet||Calgary, Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Punta Cana, TorontoPearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Edmonton, Montego Bay, Orlando, Providenciales, St. Maarten, Vancouver, Varadero
^1 All US Airways Express flights will be rebranded as American Eagle flights effective October 17, 2015.
|Air Inuit||Val-d'Or, Kattiniq/Donaldson||A|
|Canadian North||Moncton, Thunder Bay||A|
|First Air||Val-d'Or, Rankin Inlet||A|
|Japan Airlines||Nagoya-Centrair, Fukuoka, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita||A|
|Miami Air International||Orlando||C|
|SkyLink Express||Hamilton (ON)|
The Société de transport de Montréal (STM) currently has four regular bus routes serving Trudeau International Airport, including route "204 Cardinal" seven days a week, route "209 Sources" Monday to Friday, and route "356 Lachine /MontrealTrudeau /Des Sources" and 378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /MontrealTrudeau night buses. Three of the four routes can take passengers to and from the Dorval bus terminus and train station, within walking distance of the Via's Dorval station. A shuttle bus runs between the airport and Via's Dorval station.
On March 29, 2010, the STM introduced the 747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown route. Operating 7 days a week, 24 hours a day and 365 days a year, this route connects the airport to eight downtown stops, including transfer stops at Lionel-Groulx metro station, Central Station and Berri-UQAM metro station. The service runs every 1012 minutes from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m, every 30 minutes from 5:30 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. and 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., and every hour from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m. Regular bus fare is not accepted; the minimum tariff is a day pass but STM pass-type fares with a longer duration (3-day, weekly, monthly and Unlimited Weekend) are also accepted.
Prior to the introduction of this public transportation service, Groupe La Québécoise operated a coach service known as L'Aerobus between the airport and Central Station, connecting with several hotels downtown.
There are plans for a light rail line with a station at the airport, the Train de l'Ouest, which is set to open in 2020.
|Société de transport de Montréal|
|204 Cardinal||Westbound to Terminus Fairview Pointe-Claire with stops at Pine Beach and Valois Train Stations, Eastbound to Dorval
Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
|209 Des Sources||Northbound to Dorval Train Station Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
and Roxboro-Pierrefonds Train Station Deux-Montagnes Commuter Rail Line
|Monday to Friday
|747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown||Eastbound to the Montreal Bus Station in Downtown Montreal with stops at Lionel-Groulx Station, Central Train Station and Berri-UQAM Metro Station||24 Hours
|356 Lachine /Montreal-Trudeau /Des Sources||Westbound to Sunnybrooke Train Station with a stop at Dorval Train station and Eastbound to Downtown Montreal with stops at Atwater Metro Station and Frontenac Metro Station.
Approximately 1:00 a.m.5:00 a.m. daily
|378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /Montreal-Trudeau||Eastbound to Saint-Laurent with stops at Côte-Vertu Metro Station, Montpellier Train Station and Sauvé Metro Station.||Overnight
Approximately 1:00 a.m.5:00 a.m. daily
The Canada Border Services Agency provides custom services for the national and international flights outbound and for all inbound flights to the airport. Montreal-Trudeau is one of the Canadians airport to have US customs provided by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. For frequent flyers, they can pass quickly through customs by using their CANPASS or NEXUS card. There is also the use of full body scanner in the customs area of the airport. Since December 13, 2013, a new service was added for all the national and international passengers departing from Montreal. Passengers can now go online and reserve via SecurXpress their priority passage through the security screening checkpoint for the Canadian customs.
Firefighting and rescue services are provided by Service dincendie dAéroports de Montréal, which operates from an onsite station and took over the task from Transport Canada in 1992.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport.|