|MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal
|IATA: YUL ICAO: CYUL
|Operator||Aéroports de Montréal|
|Location||Dorval and Montreal,
|Time zone||EST (UTC5)|
|Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC4)|
|Elevation AMSL||118 ft / 36 m|
MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (IATA: YUL, ICAO: CYUL) (French: Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or MontréalTrudeau, formerly known as MontréalDorval International Airport (Aéroport international Montréal-Dorval), is a Canadian airport located on the Island of Montreal, 20 km (12 mi) from Montreal's downtown core. The airport terminals are located entirely in the suburb of Dorval, while the Air Canada headquarters complex and one runway is located in the Montreal borough of Saint-Laurent. It is an international airport serving Greater Montreal and adjacent regions in Ontario, Vermont, and New York. The airport is named in honour of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.
The airport is one of two managed and operated by Aéroports de Montréal (ADM), a not-for-profit corporation without share capital; the other airport is MontréalMirabel northwest of Montreal, which was initially intended to replace the one in Dorval but now deals almost solely with cargo. MontréalTrudeau is owned by Transport Canada which has a 60-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal, as per Canada's National Airport Policy of 1994.
Trudeau is the busiest airport in the province of Quebec, the third-busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic with 15.5 million passengers in 2015 and fourth by aircraft movements, with 219,326 movements in 2014. It is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance and is one of the main gateways into Canada with 9.64 million or 62% of its passengers being on non-domestic flights, the highest proportion amongst Canada's airports during 2015. It is one of four Air Canada hubs and, in that capacity, serves mainly Quebec, the Atlantic Provinces and Eastern Ontario. The air route between YUL and Paris-Charles de Gaulle is the seventh-busiest in terms of passengers carried (1.2 million) between Europe and a non-European destination. On an average day, nearly 42,000 passengers transit through Montréal-Trudeau.
Airlines servicing Trudeau offer non-stop flights to five continents, namely Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America. It is one of only two airports in Canada with direct flights to five continents or more, the other being Toronto Pearson International Airport. Trudeau airport is headquarters and a large hub for Air Canada, the country's largest airline. It is also an operating base for Air Inuit, Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. It also plays a role in general aviation as home to the headquarters of Innotech-Execair, Starlink, ACASS and Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) facilities of Air Transat and Air Inuit. Transport Canada operates a Civil Aviation Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul facility on site, with a fleet of Government owned and operated civil aircraft. Bombardier Aerospace has an assembly facility on site where they build regional jets and Challenger business jets.
Trudeau was first established in the 1940s. It was becoming clear that Montreal's original airport, Saint-Hubert Airport, in operation since 1927, was no longer adequate for the city's needs. The Minister of Transport purchased land at the Dorval Race Track, which was considered the best location for the new airport because of its good weather conditions and few foggy days. Trudeau opened on September 1, 1941, as Dorval Airport with three paved runways. By 1946 the airport was hosting more than a quarter of a million passengers a year, growing to more than a million in the mid-1950s. During World War II thousands of Allied aircraft passed through Dorval on the way to England. At one time Dorval was the major transatlantic hub for commercial aviation and the busiest airport in Canada with flights from airlines such as British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC).
Until 1959, it also doubled as RCAF Station Lachine.
Airport diagram for 1954
In November 1960 the airport was renamed MontrealDorval International Airport/Aéroport international Dorval de Montréal. On December 15 of that year the Minister of Transport inaugurated a new $30 million terminal. The structure was built by Illsley, Templeton, Archibald, and Larose. At its height, it was the largest terminal in Canada and one of the biggest in the world. It was the gateway to Canada for all European air traffic and served more than two million passengers per year. Eight years later, MontréalDorval International Airport underwent a major expansion program. Despite this, the Government of Canada predicted that Dorval would be completely saturated by 1985 and also projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually. They decided to construct a new airport in Sainte-Scholastique (MontréalMirabel International Airport). As the first phase in the transition that would eventually have seen Dorval closed, all international flights (except those to and from the United States) were to be transferred to the new airport in 1975.
On November 29, 1975, Mirabel International Airport went into service. With an operations zone of 70 km2 (27 sq mi) and a buffer zone of 290 km2 (110 sq mi), it became the largest airport in the world. Many connecting flights to Canadian centres were transferred to Mirabel and 23 international airlines moved their overseas activities there. As a consequence, the mission of MontréalDorval was redefined to service domestic flights and transborder flights to the United States. Mirabel's traffic decreased due to the advent in the 1980s of longer-range jets that did not need to refuel in Montreal before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal's economic decline in the late 1970s and 1980s had a significant effect on the airport's traffic, as international flights bypassed Montreal altogether in favour of Toronto Pearson International Airport. The Trudeau government had developed Mirabel Airport to handle an expected growth in international traffic and eventually, to replace Dorval. The extra traffic never materialized and due to its closer proximity to downtown Montreal all scheduled air services have now returned to Dorval/Trudeau, while Mirabel ceased passenger operations in 2004. In May 2007 it was reported that the International Centre of Advanced Racing had signed a 25-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal to use part of the airport as a racetrack, the Circuit ICAR. At the same time the fixed base operator Hélibellule opened a facility there which caters to private planes. The company also provides a helicopter passenger service from Mirabel to destinations in Canada and the United States. They operate two different types of helicopters; the Bell 222 and the Aérospatiale Gazelle.
With all international scheduled flights returning to MontréalDorval in 1997, as well as charter flights in 2004, MontréalDorval International Airport finally became a true hub as passengers would no longer have to travel to different airports depending on the destination of their flight. The consolidation of flights to MontréalDorval resulted in an increase in passenger traffic, not only due to the transfer of flights but because it became easier to connect through Montreal.
Starting as Dorval Airport, then MontréalDorval International Airport, the airport was renamed MontréalPierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport in honour of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau on January 1, 2004, by the federal government. The renaming had been announced in September 2003 by then Minister of Transport David Collenette. This move provoked some opposition, especially Quebec sovereigntists opposed to some of the policies of the former prime minister, as well as opposition from many aviation historians and enthusiasts who recalled Trudeau's role as an opponent of the airport, planning to close it in favour of the much larger and modern Mirabel Airport of which he was the greatest instigator of his construction. Many Montrealers still refer to Trudeau airport as "Dorval," or "Dorval Airport."
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Dorval Airport participated in Operation Yellow Ribbon, taking in seven diverted flights that had been bound for the closed airspace over the United States, even though pilots were asked to avoid the airport as a security measure. Mirabel International Airport also took in 10 other diverted flights totaling 17 diverted flight in the Montreal area bound for American cities.
MontréalTrudeau underwent a major expansion and modernization designed to increase the terminal's capacity and substantially enhance the level of passenger service. In February 2000, with a budget of C$716 million, ADM announced plans for an extensive expansion plan that would bring MontréalTrudeau up to standard with other North American airports its size. The airport terminal had for the most part remained the same, with the exception of minor renovations, since its opening in the 1960s. With increased passenger volume resulting from the transfer of international scheduled passengers from Mirabel Airport in 1997, as well as Air Canada's intentions to make MontréalTrudeau its Eastern Canada hub, there was a strong need to greatly expand the terminal, whose capacity of roughly 7 million passengers per year had been exceeded.
The expansion program included the construction of several brand-new facilities, including a jetty for flights to the United States (US Preclearance Terminal), another for other international destinations (International Terminal) and a huge international arrivals complex. An 18-gate Transborder Concourse opened in 2003, an 11-gate International Concourse opened in 2004, new customs hall and baggage claim area for non-domestic flights and an expanded parking garage opened in 2005. Additionally, sections of the domestic area were renovated and expanded in 2007, accompanied with additional retail space. The International part of the Aeroquay satellite was demolished in 2008, leaving the domestic part for regional carriers. The completion of the CAD$716 million expansion gives MontréalTrudeau the ability to serve 15 million passengers a year. This ironically accomplished one of the goals that was to be met with the construction of Mirabel. (In the 1970s, the federal government projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually by 1985, with 17 million through Mirabel). Aéroports de Montréal financed all of these improvements itself, with no government grants. By the end of 2007, $1.5 billion had been spent to upgrade MontréalTrudeau.
The last round of construction in this phase was to allow the airport to accommodate the Airbus A380. Gate 55, part of the international jetty is the only gate possible of handling the A380, it is equipped with two air bridges to load and unload passengers on both decks of the A380 simultaneously. When Phase II of the jetty expansion will be complete in 2016, it will have two additional A380 gates, bringing the total to 3.
A380 service during summer 2012 was reduced to 4 weekly flights and was canceled in October 2012.
On June 15, 2006, construction began on a new four-star Marriott hotel at the airport, above the transborder terminal. Originally scheduled to be completed by September 2008, the 279 first-class room hotel opened its doors on August 19, 2009. Construction was slowed down because of the recession and a collapse in the Transborder market. It contains an underground train station that will eventually connect the airport with downtown Montreal as well as ADM's corporate headquarters.
On the same day, MontrealTrudeau airport opened the doors to the refurbished, expanded, modernized and user-friendly transborder terminal, meeting the industry's highest standards. This increased the total area of the terminal from 9,320 to 18,122 m2 (100,320 to 195,060 sq ft). Furthermore, the terminal is equipped with a new baggage sorting room which allows U.S. customs officers to retrieve luggage for secondary inspection.
In July 2011, James Cherry, the CEO of Aéroports de Montréal, announced the construction of a two-phase expansion of MontréalTrudeaus international terminal. The total cost of the project is expected to be between CAD500 million and CAD600 million.
Phase I of this project which was complete on December 20, 2012, was the opening of a new boarding lounge which and can accommodate as far as 420 passengers, along with a new gate numbered 62. It was officially completed at a cost of CAD270 million. The new gate can accommodate three PTV to dock at the same time, allowing passengers to be transferred from the terminal to an aircraft parked on a remote stand nearby.
Phase II of the project is the addition of six new contact gates for wide-body jets, including two for the Airbus A380 bringing a total of 16 contact gates compared to 10 before. This expansion will hold gates 64, 66, 68, 67, 65 and 63 (clockwise from gate 62).
Along with the new gates, an expansion of National Bank World Master Lounge will double in size compared to the existing one, there will also be 20 000 square m² of wide open spaces, 800 m² of new boutiques, including a new duty-free shop and new restaurants.
This last and final phase of the international jetty expansion should be inaugurated May 12, 2016. It was first scheduled to open in September of the same year.
In January 2016, ADM published a call for tenders on their website regarding the restoration and upgrade of the curtain wall of the main façade on the terminal. This part of the airport is one of the oldest remaining part of the original terminal.
Also, according to the 2013-2033 Master plan from ADM, they have planned those interventions in the future:
There are currently three runways in operation at Montreal Trudeau, two parallel runways aligned both in a North-South direction and one single runway in an East-West direction.
|06L/24R||3,353 metres (11,001 ft)||62.9 metres (206 ft)||Cat. II (6L), Cat. I (24R)||North-South|
|06R/24L||2,926 metres (9,600 ft)||61.0 metres (200 ft)||Cat. I (both directions)||North-South|
|10/28||2,134 metres (7,001 ft)||63.9 metres (210 ft)||Cat. I (10), Area Navigation (28)||East-West|
The airport is divided into three concourses, with each one being used for passenger traffic heading to certain areas. They include a domestic and International jetty accessible via check-point A. There is also a separate departure wing to accommodate international flights to the United States utilizing the airport's US border pre-clearance facilities. It is accessible via check-point C.
The domestic jetty, is divided into two parts, one being a satellite jetty, and the other part is a wing attached to the main airport building. The main jetty holds 16 gates: 112, 15, and 47-49 mostly used for medium size and heavy aircraft. The satellite jetty has another 10 gates: 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 28, 30, 32, 34. There are only two boarding bridges located inside the satellite, the other gates are mostly used for prop aircraft like the Bombardier Dash 8 family. There are many cafes and restaurants available to passengers, a new food court is scheduled to open in the fourth quarter of 2016.
The International concourse, which is also accessible by the check-point A, is dedicated to flights with destinations outside of Canada and the United States. The International jetty holds 12 gates: 5053, 5562. Gates 53 and 62 are used by Passenger Transfer Vehicles.
Finally there's a concourse dedicated to all U.S. bound flights. This one is accessible by the check-point C and it holds 18 gates: 7289.
Two major airline alliances (Star Alliance and SkyTeam) have a large presence at Montreal Trudeau, and therefore all maintain frequent flyer lounges within the airport. There is also a "Pay-In" lounges open for use by all passengers, regardless of airline, frequent flyer status, or class of travel.
|Year||Passenger volume||% change||Domestic||% change||InternationalB||% change||TransborderB||% change|
|2016 (YTD, Jan-Feb)||2,496,720
*^A Statistics prior to 2004 are from Transport Canada. From 2004 on statistics are from ADM. Transport Canada's statistics are consistently lower than those of ADM. For example, TC passenger numbers for 2004 are 9,369,584.
^B : At MontréalTrudeau and at other airports in Canada with United States border preclearance, a distinction is made between "transborder" and "international" flights for operational and statistical purposes. A "transborder" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination in the United States, while an "international" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada. A "domestic" flight is a flight within Canada only.
|Air Canada||Brussels, Calgary, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Fort-de-France, Geneva, Halifax, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon (begins June 16, 2016), Montego Bay, New YorkLaGuardia, Ottawa, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pointe-à-Pitre, St. John's, San Francisco, San Salvador (Bahamas), TorontoPearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Antigua, Barbados, ChicagoO'Hare, Fort Myers, Liberia (Costa Rica), RomeFiumicino (resumes June 15, 2016), St. Lucia-Hewanorra
|Air Canada Express||Bagotville, Baie-Comeau, Bathurst, Boston, Charlottetown, ChicagoO'Hare, Denver (begins June 4, 2016), Fredericton, Gaspé, Halifax, Hamilton (ON) (resumes May 24, 2016), Hartford, HoustonIntercontinental (resumes June 6, 2016), Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Moncton, Mont-Joli, Newark, New YorkLaGuardia, London (ON), Ottawa, Philadelphia (resumes May 24, 2016), Quebec City, Rouyn-Noranda, Saint John (NB), St. John's, Sept-Îles, TorontoBilly Bishop, TorontoPearson, Val-d'Or, Wabush, WashingtonNational, Winnipeg||A, C|
|Air Canada Rouge||Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cozumel, Fort Lauderdale, Holguin, Las Vegas, Miami, OrlandoInternational, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, RomeFiumicino (ends June 14, 2016), Samaná, Santa Clara, Tampa, Varadero
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona, Casablanca (begins June 3, 2016), Cayo Largo del Sur, Curaçao, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Romana, Mexico City (begins June 6, 2016), Nassau, Nice, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta (begins November 18, 2016), San José de Costa Rica (begins December 22, 2016), VeniceMarco Polo, West Palm Beach
|Air China||BeijingCapital, Havana||A|
|Air Creebec||Chibougamau, Chisasibi, Waskaganish, Val-d'Or||A|
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle||A|
|Air Inuit||Kuujjuaq, Kuujjuarapik, La Grande, Puvirnituq, Quebec City, Radisson, Salluit, Sept-Îles||A|
|Air Transat||Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Fort Lauderdale, Holguin, La Romana, Málaga, Montego Bay, OrlandoInternational, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Roatán, Río Hato, Samaná, Santa Clara, St. Maarten, TorontoPearson, Varadero
Seasonal: Acapulco, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bordeaux, Brussels, Camaguey, Cartagena de Indias, Cozumel, Dublin, Fort-de-France, Glasgow (begins May 29, 2016), Havana, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Liberia (Costa Rica), Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Managua, Marseille, Nantes, Nice, Pointe-à-Pitre, Porto, Prague, Quebec City, RomeFiumicino, San José de Costa Rica, San Andres Islands, St. Lucia-Hewanorra, Toulouse, VeniceMarco Polo
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||C|
|American Eagle||Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Philadelphia||C|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City||A|
|Corsair International||Seasonal: ParisOrly||A|
|Cubana||Camaguey, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguin, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero||A|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
|Delta Connection||Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia||C|
|First Air||Iqaluit, Kuujjuaq||A|
|Icelandair||Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavik (begins May 19, 2016)||A|
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Seasonal: Frankfurt (begins May 13, 2016)||A|
|Porter Airlines||Halifax, Thunder Bay (begins May 2, 2016), TorontoBilly Bishop, Windsor (begins May 2, 2016)||A|
|Provincial Airlines||Sept-Îles, Wabush||A|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||A|
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia||A|
|SATA International||Seasonal: Ponta Delgada||A|
|Sunwing Airlines||Camaguey, Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Freeport, Holguin, Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Santa Clara, St. Maarten, Varadero
Seasonal: Aruba, Cayo Largo del Sur, Fort Lauderdale, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Ceiba, Liberia, Manzanillo, Panama City, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Río Hato, San José del Cabo, Santiago de Cuba, St. Lucia-Hewanorra
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich||A|
|Tunisair||Tunis (begins June 18, 2016)||A|
|United Express||ChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, WashingtonDulles||C|
|WestJet||Calgary, Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Punta Cana, TorontoPearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Edmonton, Montego Bay, OrlandoInternational, Providenciales, St. Maarten, Vancouver, Varadero
|WOW air||Reykjavik-Keflavik (begins May 4, 2016)||A|
|SkyLink Express||Hamilton (ON)|
The Société de transport de Montréal (STM) currently has four regular bus routes serving Trudeau International Airport, including route "204 Cardinal" seven days a week, route "209 Sources" Monday to Friday, and route "356 Lachine /MontrealTrudeau /Des Sources" and 378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /MontrealTrudeau night buses. Three of the four routes can take passengers to and from the Dorval bus terminus and train station, within walking distance of the Via's Dorval station. A shuttle bus runs between the airport and Via's Dorval station.
On March 29, 2010, the STM introduced the 747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown route. Operating 7 days a week, 24 hours a day and 365 days a year, this route connects the airport to eight downtown stops, including transfer stops at Lionel-Groulx metro station, Central Station and Berri-UQAM metro station. The service runs every 1012 minutes from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m, every 30 minutes from 5:30 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. and 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., and every hour from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m. Regular bus fare is not accepted; the minimum tariff is a day pass but STM pass-type fares with a longer duration (3-day, weekly, monthly and Unlimited Weekend) are also accepted.
Prior to the introduction of this public transportation service, Groupe La Québécoise operated a coach service known as L'Aerobus between the airport and Central Station, connecting with several hotels downtown.
|Société de transport de Montréal|
|204 Cardinal||Westbound to Terminus Fairview Pointe-Claire with stops at Pine Beach and Valois Train Stations, Eastbound to Dorval
Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
|209 Des Sources||Northbound to Dorval Train Station Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
and Roxboro-Pierrefonds Train Station Deux-Montagnes Commuter Rail Line
|Monday to Friday
|747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown||Eastbound to the Montreal Bus Station in Downtown Montreal with stops at Lionel-Groulx Station, Central Train Station and Berri-UQAM Metro Station||24 Hours
|356 Lachine /Montreal-Trudeau /Des Sources||Westbound to Sunnybrooke Train Station with a stop at Dorval Train station and Eastbound to Downtown Montreal with stops at Atwater Metro Station and Frontenac Metro Station.
Approximately 1:00 a.m.5:00 a.m. daily
|378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /Montreal-Trudeau||Eastbound to Saint-Laurent with stops at Côte-Vertu Metro Station, Montpellier Train Station and Sauvé Metro Station.||Overnight
Approximately 1:00 a.m.5:00 a.m. daily
The airport is accessible from Highway 20 or from Highway 520, a spur off Highway 40 that leads directly towards the airport. Both highways lead to the Dorval interchange, which drivers must take the exit for the airport. Côte-Vertu road that runs parallel to runways 24L/R provides access to the Air Canada Base and hangars, Air Transat hangars, Air Inuit hangars and Bombardier Aerospace assembly facility.
When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Trudeau, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both the Canada and International departures as well as the Transborder Jetty.
Aéroports de Montréal, the City of Montreal, Transports Québec and Transport Canada are planning to improve the Dorval interchange and build direct road links between the airport and highways 20 and 520. Once the certificate of authorization was obtained, work began in June 2009 with a potential end date of 2017. The project will entail redesigning the roads network within the airport site.
On April 22, 2016, the CEO of the Caisse de Dépot et de Placements du Québec and the Montreal mayor Denis Coderre announced a masive transit developpement called Réseau électrique métropolitain. This planned rapid transit network will connect the Trudeau Airport to the Central station in Downtown Montréal, the North Shore, the South Shore and the West Island. It will run from 5am. to 1am 7 days a week.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport.|