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|Athens International Airport
|Owner/Operator||Athens International Airport S.A.|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||308 ft / 94 m|
Sources: AIA Statistics
Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Greek: « », Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos") (IATA: ATH, ICAO: LGAV), commonly initialized as "AIA", began operation on 28 March 2001 and is the primary international airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica. It is Greece's busiest airport and it serves as the hub and main base of Aegean Airlines as well as other Greek airlines. The airport is currently in Group 2 of Airports Council International (1025 million) and as of 2017, Athens International is the 27th busiest airport in Europe.
AIA is located between the towns of Markopoulo, Koropi, Spata and Loutsa, about 20 km (12 mi) to the east of central Athens (30 km (19 mi) by road, due to intervening hills). The airport is named after Elefthérios Venizélos, the prominent Cretan political figure and Prime Minister of Greece, who made a significant contribution to the development of Greek aviation and the Hellenic Air Force in the 1930s. As to-date, ownership is divided between the Hellenic Republic (Greek State) and Private Sector in a 55%-45% stake following a PPP scheme for the airport company. Currently, private investors include the Copelouzos Group (5%) and PSP Investments of Canada (40%), following purchase of Hochtief's shares.
The airport was constructed to replace the now-closed Athens (Ellinikon) International Airport, as the latter had reached its saturation point with no physical space for further growth. Studies for a new airport had been carried out from as early as the 1970s, with as many as 19 different locations being looked at before an area close to the town of Spata was chosen as suitable. Athens Airport SA, a state-owned company, was established in 1978 to proceed with the plans. However, after delays and slow development, the project was revived in 1991 with the then government launching an international tender for the selection of a build-own-operate-transfer partner for the airport project, with Hochtief of Germany being selected.
In 1996, Athens International Airport S.A. (AIA) was established as a Publicprivate partnership with a 30-year concession agreement. That same year, the 2.1 billion development finally began with an estimated completion date of February 2001. The airport construction was completed five months before schedule, but was delayed opening a month due to surface connections to Attiki Odos not being completed. The airport officially opened on March 28th 2001. The first arrival was Olympic Airways OA424 from Toronto, via Montreal. The second arrival was Olympic Aviation from Kythira which departed Hellenikon Airport earlier and the first departure was a KLM flight to Amsterdam.
Its major features include two parallel runways being 4 km (2.5 mi) and 3.8 km (2.4 mi) long respectively. The airport has received approval from the European Aviation Safety Agency and the Federal Aviation Administration for take-offs and landings of the biggest passenger jet worldwide, the A380. The first ever A380 to visit 'Eleftherios Venizelos' Athens International Airport made an emergency landing on 13 April 2011 for emergency medical reasons. The first scheduled A380 flight took place on 26 October 2012 by Emirates.
The Greek government-debt crisis reduced the overall passenger traffic of the airport for six consecutive years. Many long-haul airlines outright terminated service to the airport, while others chose to operate on a seasonal basis only, opting to terminate service during the winter months. Moreover, these problems were further exacerbated by the closure of Olympic Airlines, which operated many long-haul flights to and from the airport. In 2013, the airport handled just above 12.5 million passengers, 3.2% fewer than in 2012 and lower by approximately 25% when compared to 2007's traffic, which was the all-time-high at that time.
2014 signaled a strong recovery for the airport's passenger traffic and all statistical figures. More than ten new airlines started new flights to and from Athens. Aegean Airlines strengthened its network by 30% (with many more destinations scheduled for 2015) while Ryanair established a new base in the Athens Airport and added eight destinations. The airport company recorded an increase in passenger traffic in excess of 21% during 2014, reaching 15.1 million passengers, resulted both by new destinations but also by increased capacity offered on established ones. Characteristically, Singapore and Gulf Air resumed flights while Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways fly more frequently to/from Athens. Delta Air Lines and American Airlines retained their seasonal schedules to/from USA with even more frequent connectivity. From 2017 onwards, year-round services to Singapore are going to resume after more than 5 years. Flights are going to be opeated by Scoot.
According to AIA published statistics, total traffic for 2015 achieved an impressive performance reaching almost 18.1 million passengers, an all-time-record for the airport at that time, increased by 19% on year-over-year basis and by 1.55 million (+9.4%) the previous best, which was the pre-crisis year 2007. In addition, over the same period, aircraft traffic exhibited a solid growth of 14% year-over-year. Moreover, in 2015 a significant rise (+38%) was recorded by transfer passengers, with the international to international transfer traffic marking an impressive increase (+60%) demonstrating the significant enhancement of the Athens airport connectivity.
2016 was a landmark year for the Athens International Airport, both for domestic and international destinations. Annual results reflected a solid performance for a third year in a row fueled by double-digit growth, this time passing the twenty million mark, increased by 10.7% on year-over-year basis. Healthy growth continued in 2017 with the airport showing traffic increase of 8.6% to a total of 21.7 million passengers, yet another all-time record for the Athens airport. Aircraft movements and flight traffic also showed annual growth (3.6%) reaching almost 196 thousand movements but remained below annual aircraft movements achieved in the 2007-2009 period.
The forecast for 2018 remains positive with the January-May period of the year reporting increased traffic by 10.9% to just above the mark of eight million passengers.
The airport currently has two terminals, the main terminal and the satellite terminal accessible by an underground link from the main terminal. It is designed to be extended in a modular approach over the ensuing years in order to accommodate increases in air travel. These extensions are planned in a six-phase framework. The first (and current) phase allowed the airport to accommodate 26 million passengers per year. When the airport originally opened, the current phase called for a capacity of only 16 million passengers per year; however, the capacity was able to increase without progressing to the next phase thanks to advanced IT logistics. The sixth and final expansion phase will allow the airport to accommodate an annual traffic of 50 million passengers, with the current layout leaving enough space for five more terminals to be added. As such, the parallel runway system currently in place has been designed to accommodate flight traffic with this high equivalent annual passenger load upon completion of the final expansion phase.
The main terminal building handles the all intra-Schengen flights, as well as several non-Schengen flights. All of airport's 144 check-in desks are located in the Main Terminal and it has three separate levels, one for arrivals, one for departures and a food court level complete with a view of the eastern runway. Finally, the terminal is equipped with fourteen jet bridges and eleven belt conveyors for luggage.
As of March 2018, the Athens International Airport has issued a tender for its first physical expansion, concerning the south wings of the main terminal. The tender calls for a building expansion with a total area of approximately 14,950 square meters over five levels (levels 0 to 4). The expansion should be completed by mid-2019 and add 18 more counter check-in decks as well as additional space for arrivals, departures, security and automated control gates but also expanded shopping area and new lounges.
The satellite terminal has two levels, one for arrivals and the other for departures. It is easily accessible through an underground link complete with moving walkways. The terminal is equipped with ten jet bridges and is capable of handling annual traffic of six million passengers.
In recent years its parking stands were utilized for long term storage of airliners, specifically two ex-Olympic Airways Airbus A340-300s (both aircraft were transferred to its new owner in February 2017) and a Boeing 767-300ER of defunct Greek start-up carrier SkyGreece Airlines. However, as of June 2017, the parking space of the satellite terminal is in full use for both Schengen and non-Schengen area flights and to accommodate increased traffic. From June 2017 Ryanair, Easyjet, Vueling and Eurowings are some of airlines that are using it.
On the 24th May 2018 the Satellite Terminal officialy started operations and the airlines that using it are Ryanair, Easyjet, Vueling, Eurowings, Norwegian, Transavia and Transavia France, TUIfly Belgium, Brussels Airlines, Aer Lingus, Air Transat and Scoot.
|Aegean Airlines||Alexandroupoli, AmmanQueen Alia, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Belgrade, BerlinTegel, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chania, Copenhagen, Corfu, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Heraklion, Ioannina, IstanbulAtatürk, zmir, Jeddah, Kos, Larnaca, Lisbon, LondonHeathrow, Madrid, MilanMalpensa, MoscowDomodedovo, Munich, Mykonos, Mytilene, Naples, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, Rhodes, RomeFiumicino, Santorini, Sofia, StockholmArlanda, Stuttgart, Tbilisi, TehranImam Khomeini, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Venice, Vienna, WarsawChopin, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Alexandria-Borg El Arab, Bari, Bologna, Bordeaux, Catania, Cluj-Napoca (begins 12 June 2018), Dublin, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Genoa (begins 13 June 2018), Hanover, Helsinki, KievBoryspil, Kraków, Kuwait, Lamezia Terme (begins 2 July 2018), Lille, LondonGatwick, Luxembourg, Lyon, Málaga (begins 28 June 2018), Malta, Manchester, Marseille, Nantes, Nice, Palermo (begins 21 June 2018), Pisa, Podgorica, Porto, Riyadh, Saint Petersburg, Skiathos, Split, Strasbourg, Tallinn, Toulouse, Turin, Verona (begins 18 June 2018), Zadar
|Aer Lingus||Seasonal: Dublin|
|Air Canada Rouge||Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson|
|Air France||ParisCharles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Marseille, Nice, Toulouse
|Air Transat||Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson|
|Alitalia||Milan-Linate, RomeFiumicino, Tel AvivBen Gurion|
|American Airlines||Seasonal: Philadelphia|
|ASL Airlines France||Seasonal charter: Lyon, Nantes, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Toulouse|
|Astra Airlines||Chios, Kastoria, Kozani, Mytilene, Samos|
|Brussels Airlines||Seasonal: Brussels|
|Cobalt Air||Larnaca, London-Gatwick, Paphos|
|Croatia Airlines||Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb|
|Delta Air Lines||Seasonal: New YorkJFK|
|easyJet||BerlinSchönefeld (ends 27 October 2018), BerlinTegel (begins 28 October 2018), Bristol, Edinburgh, LondonGatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: MilanMalpensa, Naples, ParisOrly
|easyJet Switzerland||Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse (begins 1 August 2018), Geneva|
|EgyptAir||Alexandria-Borg El Arab, Cairo|
|El Al||Tel AvivBen Gurion|
Seasonal: MoscowSheremetyevo, Rhodes, Santorini
|Enter Air||Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
|Flynas||Seasonal: Riyadh (begins 13 June 2018)|
Seasonal: Bremen, Dresden
|Israir||Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion|
|Mahan Air||Seasonal: TehranImam Khomeini|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda|
|Olympic Air||Alexandroupoli, Kephalonia, Chios, Corfu, Ikaria, Ioannina, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Kythira, Leros, Mykonos, Mytilene, Lemnos, Paros, Samos, Skiathos, Skyros, Zakynthos
Seasonal: Kalamata, Milos, Naxos, Preveza-Aktion, Sitia
|Pegasus Airlines||IstanbulSabiha Gökçen|
|Primera Air||Seasonal: Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen
Seasonal charter: ReykjavíkKeflavík
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia|
|Ryanair||Aqaba (begins 31 October 2018), Bergamo, BerlinSchönefeld, Bologna, Bratislava, Bucharest, Budapest, Catania (begins 1 November 2018), Charleroi, Dublin, Eindhoven (begins 4 September 2018), Frankfurt, Heraklion (begins 15 June 2018), Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Katowice, Kraków, LondonStansted, Malta, Marrakesh (begins 29 October 2018),  Memmingen, Palermo (begins 29 October 2018), Pozna, RomeCiampino, Santorini, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Vilnius, WarsawModlin
Seasonal: Billund, Gdask, Lappeenranta, ód, Mykonos, Rzeszów, Wrocaw
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Gothenburg, OsloGardermoen
|Sky Express||Alexandroupoli, Astypalaia, Chios, Corfu, Heraklion, Ikaria, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kephalonia, Kithira, Kos, Lemnos (begins 1 October 2018), Milos, Mytilene (begins 16 July 2018), Naxos, Paros, Samos (begins 16 July 2018), Sitia, Skiathos, Syros, Zakynthos
Seasonal: Mykonos, Santorini
|Swiss International Air Lines||Geneva, Zürich|
Seasonal: Lyon, Nantes
|TUIfly Belgium||Seasonal: Brussels, Metz/Nancy (begins 21 June 2018), ParisCharles de Gaulle (begins 21 June 2018), Strasbourg (begins 21 June 2018)|
|Ukraine International Airlines||KievBoryspil|
|United Airlines||Seasonal: Newark|
|Volotea||Seasonal: Bari, Genoa, Heraklion, Mykonos, Palermo, Santorini, Venice, Verona|
|Wizz Air||Bucharest, Budapest, Chiinu, Cluj-Napoca, Katowice, Kutaisi, LondonLuton, Sofia, Vilnius|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Bergamo, Larnaca, Liège|
|DHL Aviation||Bergamo, Leipzig/Halle, Thessaloniki|
|Emirates Sky Cargo||DubaiInternational|
|FedEx Express||Cologne/Bonn, Dubai-International, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion|
|Royal Jordanian Cargo||AmmanQueen Alia, Larnaca|
|UPS Airlines||Copenhagen, Ljubljana, MilanMalpensa, Munich, New YorkJFK, ParisCharles de Gaulle|
|Millions of Passengers 20022017|
The table below shows passenger totals at Athens International Airport by country destination during 2016.
|Rank||Country destination||Passengers||Change %|
|Rank||Destination||Airport(s)||2016 Passengers||Top carriers|
|1||London||LHR, LGW, STN||1,166,588||Aegean Airlines, British Airways, easyJet, Ryanair|
|2||Larnaca||LCA||881,812||Aegean Airlines, Blue Air, Cobalt Air|
|3||Rome||FCO, CIA||805.916||Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling|
|4||Paris||CDG, ORY||756,489||Aegean Airlines, Air France, easyJet, Transavia France|
|5||Istanbul||IST, SAW||635,794||Aegean Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Pegasus Airlines|
|6||Zurich||ZRH||462,460||Aegean Airlines, Swiss Air Lines|
|7||Munich||MUC||433,251||Aegean Airlines, Air China, Lufthansa|
|8||Milan||MXP, BGY||427,015||Aegean Airlines, easyJet, Ryanair|
|9||Frankfurt||FRA||419,176||Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa|
|10||Amsterdam||AMS||337,699||Aegean Airlines, KLM, Transavia|
|Rank||Destination||Airport(s)||2016 Passengers||Top carriers|
|2||Tel Aviv||TLV||247,795||Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, El Al, Israir|
|4||New York City||JFK, EWR||207,500||Delta Air Lines, Emirates, United Airlines|
|5||Cairo||CAI||150,433||Aegean Airlines, EgyptAir|
|6||Beirut||BEI||137,584||Aegean Airlines, Middle East Airlines|
|7||Abu Dhabi||AUH||126,613||Etihad Airways|
|8||Toronto||YYZ||100,663||Air Canada Rouge, Air Transat|
|10||Montreal||YUL||69,040||Air Canada Rouge, Air Transat|
|1||Santorini||JTR||143||Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair, Sky Express, Volotea|
|2||Thessaloniki||SKG||121||Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair|
|3||Heraklion||HER||91||Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Sky Express|
|3||Mykonos||JMK||88||Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Olympic Air, Ryanair, Sky Express, Volotea|
|4||Rhodes||RHO||49||Aegean Airlines, Ryanair|
|5||Chania||CHQ||43||Aegean Airlines, Ryanair|
|-||Mytilene||MJT||43||Aegean Airlines, Volotea|
|9||Corfu||CFU||33||Olympic Air, Ryanair|
A railway station is immediately adjacent to the airport terminal, accessible by an elevated walkway. Athens Metro line 3 and the suburban railway service Proastiakos run trains to and from this station.
The airport is accessible by the Attiki Odos toll highway from the centre and northern Athens, Varis-Koropiou Avenue from the western part, Laurio Ave. from the South, and Spata-Loutsa Avenue from the East. A variety of parking options are available on site at the airport in three different parking lots. Located at the arrivals level, opposite the airport terminal, the airport offers short-term parking for up to five hours with 1,357 parking spaces available in lots P1 and P2. Long-term parking is located across the airport's main access road (Attiki Odos) with 5,802 parking spaces in lot P3. A free shuttle bus is available to transport passengers, while the lots are also accessible by foot to the terminal. Premium valet service is also offered at the Departures level by Entrance 3.
Taxis are available at the designated Taxi waiting area located by exit 3 of the arrivals level. Limousine service is also available upon request by the inner curbside of the arrivals level between exits 3 and 4.
Four bus lines (X93, X95, X96, X97) connect directly to the Athens greater area, the intercity bus stations (KTEL Kifissos Bus Terminal and Liosion bus terminal) and Piraeus. Buses disembark passengers at the departures level and depart from the arrivals level between exits 4 and 5. Regional bus services by KTEL Express operate to the airport, currently connecting the airport to Rafina, Markopoulo, Lavrio, Kalyvia and Keratea.
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|Second place in Europe in the main category of "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" for airports handling up to 15 million passengers annually. Award||2001|
|Third place in the world in the main category of "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" for airports handling up to 15 million passengers annually. Award||2001|
|First position in Europe, in the airport size category up to 15 million passengers per annum. IATA "Global Airport Monitor" Award for "Overall Passenger Satisfaction".||2002|
|First position in the world, in the airport size category up to 15 million passengers per annum. IATA "Global Airport Monitor" Award for "Overall Passenger Satisfaction".||2002|
|The best airport in the world (in the 5 - 15 million passenger range) for its effectiveness in strategic marketing schemes for the development of new routes.||2002|
|The airport marketing team was granted a special merit award for its efficiency in coping with the major challenges confronting the airport since its opening in March 2001.||2002|
|"Commitment to Business Excellence" award by the European Foundation for Quality Management (E.F.Q.M.).||2002|
|"Recognised for Excellence" Award of the European Foundation for Quality Management (E.F.Q.M.).||2003|
|Eagle Award of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).||2003|
|Second place in Europe for "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" regardless of airport size. "Global Airport Monitor" by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).||2003|
|Second place in the world for "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" regardless of airport size. "Global Airport Monitor" by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).||2003|
|KPMG "Award for Human Resources Training and Development".||2003|
|European Airport of the Year 2004 by the British Institute of Transport Management (ITM).||2004|
|Second place in the world (airport size category 5 -15 million per annum), in the "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" category. AETRA Awards.||2004|
|Third place in Europe regardless of airport size category, in the "Overall Passenger Satisfaction" category. AETRA Awards.||2004|
|"Commitment to Excellence" Distinction from the European Foundation Quality Management (E.F.Q.M.).||2004|
|Airports internal Audit Department was honoured by the Hellenic Institute of Internal Auditors (HIIA) with the "Recognition of Commitment" (ROC).||2004|
|European Commissions GreenLight Award.||2004|
|"Aerospace Industry Awards 2005", in the "Infrastructure & Environment" Award category.||2005|
|OAG Airport Marketing Award in the category (10 - 25 million passengers).||2005|
|Skytrax award for best Airport in Southern Europe||2005|
|Skytrax award for best Airport in Southern Europe||2006|
|OAG Airport Marketing Award for its airline development programme in the 10-25 million passenger bracket.||2006|
|Second at ATRS Business Efficiency Excellence Runner-up Award by the Air Transport Society (ATRS).||2006|
|"Cargo Airline of the Year" in the category of 100 - 500,000 metric tones annually.||2006|
|OAG Airport Marketing Award.||2007|
|Skytrax award for best Airport in Southern Europe||2008|
|OAG Airport Marketing Award.||2008|
|"Golden Sun" during the 2nd Superbrands award ceremony.||2008|
|Web Award winner. Excellent evaluation of Athens International Airports website.||2008|
|"Webbies Aviation Web Awards 2008". Bronze award in the "Best Airport Website" category||2008|
|"Webbies Aviation Web Awards 2008". Silver award in the category "Best Online Innovation" - 2008||2008|
|Routes Airport Marketing Awards in the Europe category.||2009|
|OAG - Routes Airport Marketing Awards Europe.||2009|
|1st place in the geographical region "Southern Europe - Mediterranean".||2009|
|The best airport magazine in the world.||2009|
|First in the Category "Travel & Tourism".||2010|
|"Air Cargo Excellence Survey" in the category (100,000 - 499,000 tonnes / Europe).||2010|
|"Airport of the Year 2010".||2010|
|2nd best airport in airline marketing in the European category.||2010|
|Winner in the "Mediterranean-Southern Europe" category.||2010|
|"European Airport of the Year 2011".||2011|
|Bronze award in the category "Company of the Year-Transportation" at the "Stevie - International Business Awards".||2013|
|Winner of Routes Airport Marketing Award in the 4 20 m. passengers category.||2013|
|Eco-Innovation Award (Airports Council International - Europe (ACI Europe))||2013|
|"Lovie" award for the airports new web page.||2013|
|"Webit" award for AIAs 2 airline blog.||2013|
|"Golden Ermis" in the "Digital Travel" category.||2014|
|"" graphic design award for the airports web page.||2014|
|"Europes Best Airport for 2014 in the 1025 million passenger category (Airports Council International - Europe (ACI Europe))||2014|
|"Airport of the Year" in the 10-30 million-passenger category (Air Transport News)||2015|
|Winner of Routes Airport Marketing Award in the 4 20 m. passengers category.||2016|
On the occasion of the delivery of the first Airbus A380 for commercial services, Athens International Airport (AIA) announces that Airbus, Singapore Airlines, Emirates and Qantas have identified AIA as an en-route alternate airport for an A380 diversion.
Media related to Athens International Airport at Wikimedia Commons