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Airport Beijing (China) - Capital International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Beijing Capital International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited
Serves Beijing
Location Chaoyang-Shunyi
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 116 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 40°0421N 116°3551E / 40.07250°N 116.59750°E / 40.07250; 116.59750Coordinates: 40°0421N 116°3551E / 40.07250°N 116.59750°E / 40.07250; 116.59750
Website en.bcia.com.cn
Maps

CAAC Airport Chart
PEK
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18L/36R 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
18R/36L 3,445 11,302 Asphalt
01/19 3,810 12,500 Concrete[1]
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 94,393,000
Aircraft movements 606,086
Tonnes of cargo 1,831,167
Economic & social impact $6.5 billion & 571.7 thousand[2]

Beijing Capital International Airport (IATA: PEKICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport serving Beijing. It is located 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Beijing's city center, in an enclave of Chaoyang District and the surroundings of that enclave in suburban Shunyi District.[4] The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's IATA Airport code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name, Peking.

Beijing Capital International Airport is the main hub for Air China, the flag carrier of the People's Republic of China, which flies to around 120 destinations (excluding cargo) from Beijing. China Eastern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines also use the airport as their hub.

Beijing Capital added Terminal 3 in 2008 in time for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, the second largest airport terminal in the world after Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, and the sixth largest building in the world by area. Beijing Capital International Airport covers 1480 hectares of land.

Beijing Capital has rapidly ascended in rankings of the world's busiest airports in the past decade. It had become the busiest airport in Asia in terms of passenger traffic and total traffic movements by 2009. It has been the world's second busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic since 2010. The airport registered 557,167 aircraft movements (take-offs and landings), ranking 6th in the world in 2012.[3] In terms of cargo traffic, Beijing airport has also witnessed rapid growth. By 2012, the airport had become the 13th busiest airport in the world by cargo traffic, registering 1,787,027 tonnes.[3]

History

Beijing Capital International Airport
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Beijing Airport was opened on 2 March 1958. The airport then consisted of one small terminal building, which still stands to this day, apparently for the use of VIPs and charter flights. On 1 January 1980, a newer, larger Terminal 1 green in colour opened, with docks for 10 to 12 aircraft. The terminal was larger than the one built in the 1950s, but by the mid-1990s, its size became relatively inadequate.

The first International flight to China and Beijing Capital International Airport was of Pakistan International Airlines from Islamabad.

In late 1999, to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, the airport experienced a new round of expansion as Terminal 2 opened on 1 November of that year. Terminal 1 was then temporarily closed for renovation after the opening of Terminal 2. 20 September 2004 saw the opening of a renovated Terminal 1, which at that time solely handled China Southern Airlines' domestic and international flights from Beijing.[5] Other airlines' domestic and international flights still operated in Terminal 2.

Another round of expansion started in 2007. A third runway opened on 29 October 2007, to relieve congestion on the other two runways.[6] Terminal 3 (T3) was completed in February 2008, in time for the Beijing Olympics. This colossal expansion also included a rail link to the city-center. At its opening, the new Terminal 3 was the largest man made structure in the world in terms of area covered, and a major landmark representing Beijing as the growing and developing Chinese capital. The expansion was largely funded by a 30 billion yen loan from Japan and a 500-million-euro (USD 625 million) loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan is the largest ever granted by the EIB in Asia; the agreement was signed during the eighth China-EU Summit held in September 2005.[7]

Fresh from hosting the 2008 Olympic Games and adding its new terminal building, Beijing Capital has overtaken Tokyo Haneda to be the busiest airport in Asia based on scheduled seat capacity.[8]

Due to limited capacity at Beijing Capital International Airport, a new airport in Daxing is being planned. The project was given final approval on 13 January 2013. Construction began in late 2014 and is expected to be completed in 2019.[9] It is not yet clear how flights will be divided between the two airports; a possible plan is that all airlines of the SkyTeam airline alliance are to move to the new airport.[10]

Terminals

The airport has three terminals. Terminal 1 serves the domestic routes of Hainan Airlines and its subsidiaries (while its international routes and Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau flights operate from Terminal 2). Terminal 2 serves China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, SkyTeam members and other domestic and international flights. Terminal 3, the newest terminal, serves Air China, Star Alliance and Oneworld members, and some other domestic and international flights which do not operate from either Terminals 1 or 2.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1, with 60,000 m2 (650,000 sq ft) of space, opened on 1 January 1980, and replaced the smaller existing terminal which had been in operation since 1958.[11] Terminal 1 was closed for renovation from 1 November 1999 to 20 September 2004, during which all airlines operated from Terminal 2. Featuring 16 gates, it was the operational base for the domestic routes of China Southern Airlines and a few other airlines such as Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines, and was originally planned to handle domestic traffic excluding those to Hong Kong and Macau.

With the opening of Terminal 3, the terminal was closed for light refurbishment, and its airlines were moved to Terminal 2 on 20 May 2008.[12] Terminal 1 reopened for a second time on 27 June 2008, and became the operational base for all domestic flights operated by the HNA Group including those of Hainan Airlines, Grand China Air, Beijing Capital Airlines and Tianjin Airlines, while all HNA Group's international flights as well as those to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan remain in Terminal 2.[13]

BCIA Terminal 1 
Terminal 1 Departure hall 
Terminal 1 Waiting hall 
Terminal 1 Arrival hall 
Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened on 1 November 1999, with a floor area of 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft).[11] This terminal was used to replace Terminal 1 while the latter was undergoing renovation, cramping all airlines despite being far bigger than Terminal 1. It can handle twenty aircraft at docks connecting directly to the terminal building. Prior to the opening of Terminal 3, all international flights (and the majority of the domestic flights) operated from this terminal. This terminal now houses China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines (all International flights including flights to Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau), SkyTeam, Air Koryo, and other domestic and international flights other than those operated by Air China, Shanghai Airlines, Star Alliance members and Oneworld members. A gate capable of handling the A380 (gate 21) was also built at the terminal.

Terminals 1 and 2 are linked by a public walkway that takes about 1015 minutes to traverse. Shuttle buses connect all three terminals.

BCIA Terminal 2 
Terminal 2 Departure hall 
Terminal 2 Waiting hall 
Terminal 2 Baggage Claim Hall 
Terminal 3

Construction of Terminal 3 started on 28 March 2004, and the terminal opened in two stages. Trial operations commenced on 29 February 2008, when seven airlines including British Airways, El Al Israel Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Shandong Airlines and Sichuan Airlines moved into the terminal. Twenty other airlines followed when the terminal became fully operational on 26 March 2008.[14] Currently, it mainly houses Air China, Oneworld, Star Alliance, and other domestic and international flights which are not operated from Terminal 2. Star Alliance members LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines, United Airlines, Air Canada, Turkish Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, and Air China use Terminal 3-E as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.

Terminal 3 was designed by a consortium of Netherlands Airport Consultants (NACO), UK Architect Foster and Partners and ARUP. Lighting was designed by UK lighting architects Speirs and Major Associates. The budget of the expansion is US$3.5 billion. Much larger in size and scale than the other two terminals, Terminal 3 was the largest airport terminal-building complex in the world to be built in a single phase, with 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) in total floor area at its opening.[11] It features a main passenger terminal (Terminal 3C) and two satellite concourses (Terminal 3D and Terminal 3E), all of them five floors above ground and two underground, with the letters "A and B" omitted to avoid confusion with the existing Terminals 1 and 2. Only two concourses were initially opened, namely Terminal 3C dedicated for domestic flights and Terminal 3E for international flights. Terminal 3D officially opened on 18 April 2013. The newly opened concourse is temporarily used solely by Air China for some of its domestic flights.[15]

Terminal 3 of the BCIA is currently the second-largest airport passenger terminal building in the world. Its title as the world's largest was surrendered on 14 October 2008 to Dubai International Airport's Terminal 3, which has 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) of floor space.

On 20 July 2013, a man in a wheelchair detonated small homemade explosives in Terminal 3 of the Beijing International Airport. The bomber, reported to be Ji Zhongxing, was injured and taken to a hospital for his injuries. No other people were hurt.[16][17]

BCIA Terminal 3 
International check-in, T3 
Terminal 3 Waiting hall 
T3 Arrival Passage 

System, security and luggage

Terminal 3 has a 300,000 m2 (3,200,000 sq ft) transportation centre with a 7,000-car garage. The transportation centre has designated traffic lanes for airport buses, taxis and private vehicles. Travelers bound for T3 can exit their vehicles and enter T3 within five minutes. There is also a station for the Airport Express Line of the Beijing Subway.

Terminal 3 has 243 elevators, escalators or moving walkways. Each row of seats in the waiting area has electrical outlets. Every restroom has a diaper changing station. There is also a room for travelers with disabilities.[citation needed].

One of Terminal 3's highlights is the US$240 million luggage-transfer system. The luggage system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code that matches the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded and allows easy and accurate tracking. More than 200 cameras are used to monitor activities in the luggage area.

The luggage system can handle 19,200 pieces of luggage per hour. After a luggage is checked in at any of the 292 counters in Terminal 3C, it can be transferred at a speed of ten metres per second. Hence, a luggage can travel from T3C to T3E in five minutes. Arriving passengers should be able to begin retrieving their luggage within 4.5 minutes after airplanes are unloaded.

Besides X-ray scanners, additional equipment are used to conduct baggage screening. Passengers will be able to check in their luggage at the airport from several hours to even a day before their flights. The airport will store the luggage in its luggage system and then load it on the correct aircraft.

Appearance

The highest building at the airport, A 98.3 m (323 ft) monitoring tower, stands at the southern end of T3. The roof of T3 is red, the Chinese color for good luck. The terminal's ceilings use white strips for decoration and to indicate directions. Under the white strips, the basic color of the ceiling is orange with light to dark tones indicating where a passenger is inside the building. The roof is light orange in the center. The color deepens as the roof extends to the sides in T3E and goes the other way round in T3C.

The roof of T3 has dozens of triangular windows to let in daylight. Light angles can be adjusted to ensure adequate interior lighting. Many traditional Chinese elements will be employed in the terminal's interior decoration, including a "Menhai", a big copper vat used to store water for fighting fires in the Forbidden City, and the carvings imitating the famous Nine-Dragon Wall.

An indoor garden is constructed in the T3E waiting area, in the style of imperial gardens such as the Summer Palace. In T3C, a tunnel landscape of an underground garden has been finished with plants on each side so that passengers can appreciate them inside the mini-train.[citation needed]

Facilities

The T3 food-service area is called a "global kitchen," where 72 stores provide food ranging from formal dishes to fast food, from Chinese to western, and from bakery goods to ice cream. Airport officials have promised that people who buy products at the airport will find the same prices in central Beijing.[citation needed]

In addition to food and beverage areas, there is a 16,200 m2 (174,000 sq ft) domestic retail area, a 12,600 m2 (136,000 sq ft) duty-free-store area and a nearly 7,200 m2 (78,000 sq ft) convenience-service area, which includes banks, business centres, Internet services and more. At 45,200 m2 (487,000 sq ft), the commercial area is twice the size of Beijing's Lufthansa Shopping Center.

The terminal provides 72 aerobridges or jetways and is further complemented with remote parking bays which bring the total number of gates to 150. Terminal 3 comes with an additional runway. It increases BCIA's total capacity by 72 million passengers per year to approximately 90 million.[18]

Airbus A380

The terminal has gates and a nearby runway that can handle the Airbus A380. This capability was proven when Singapore Airlines briefly offered A380 flights to Beijing in August 2008 during the Summer Olympics. Emirates Airline has started its scheduled daily operation to Dubai as of 1 August 2010. Lufthansa has been using these facilities since October 2010 to handle up to five A380 flights per week. Several other airlines in the near future will operate the A380 out of this terminal, including Malaysia Airlines and British Airways.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Aurora
Vladivostok
Seasonal: Khabarovsk
AirAsia X Kuala LumpurInternational
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Astana Almaty, Astana
Air Canada TorontoPearson, Vancouver
Air China Aksu, Asahikawa, Astana, Athens, Auckland, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Baotou, Barcelona, Bayannur, Beihai, Budapest, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chifeng, Chita (resumes 5 September 2017), Chongqing, Daegu, Dali, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, DubaiInternational, Dunhuang, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyang, Fuyuan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Geneva, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hakodate, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Havana, Hefei, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Hotan, HoustonIntercontinental, Huangshan, Islamabad, JakartaSoekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jingdezhen, Jinggangshan, Jiuzhaigou, JohannesburgO.R. Tambo, Karachi, Karamay, Kashgar, Korla, Kuala LumpurInternational, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manila, Melbourne, Mianyang, MilanMalpensa, Minsk, MontréalTrudeau, MoscowSheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Mumbai, Munich, NagoyaCentrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, New YorkJFK, Newark, Ningbo, Ordos, OsakaKansai, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Phuket, Qingdao, Qiqihar, RomeFiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, São Paulo-Guarulhos, SapporoChitose, Sendai, SeoulGimpo, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiHongqiao, ShanghaiPudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, StockholmArlanda, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, Taiyuan, Taizhou, TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita, Tonghua, Tongliao, Turpan, Ulaanbaatar, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Vancouver, Vienna, WarsawChopin, WashingtonDulles, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xilinhot, Xining, Yancheng, Yangon, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi, Zürich
Seasonal: Pyongyang
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Alitalia RomeFiumicino
All Nippon Airways OsakaKansai, TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita
American Airlines ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles (begins 6 November 2017)[19]
Asiana Airlines Busan, Cheongju, Muan, SeoulGimpo, SeoulIncheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Beijing Capital Airlines Baotou, Cheongju, Erenhot, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jixi, Lijiang, Lisbon, Macau, Malé, Manzhouli, Sanya, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yichang
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Kaohsiung, TaipeiTaoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Asahikawa, Baoshan, Changzhou, Chifeng, Dali, Dalian, Delhi, Dhaka, Dongying, Dunhuang, Enshi, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei, Huai'an, Jeju, Jiagedaqi, Jiayuguan, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Lincang, Linyi, Luoyang, Lüliang, Luzhou, Mangshi, NagoyaCentrair, Nanchang, Nanjing, Naypyidaw, Ningbo, OsakaKansai, Pu'er, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Saipan, ShanghaiHongqiao, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney, Taiyuan, Tengchong, TokyoNarita, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhaotong
Seasonal: BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Denpasar/Bali
Charter: Da Nang, Krabi, Siem Reap
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hangzhou, ShanghaiHongqiao
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Anshan, Beihai, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Daqing, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Huaihua, Jieyang, Korla, Kunming, Mohe, Nanchong, Nanning, Sanya, SeoulGimpo, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiHongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tashkent, Tbilisi, TehranImam Khomeini, Tongren, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi
Charter: Birmingham
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Diqing
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma
Donghai Airlines Lanzhou
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel AvivBen Gurion
Emirates DubaiInternational
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, NagoyaCentrair
EVA Air TaipeiTaoyuan
Fiji Airways Seasonal charter: Nadi
Finnair Helsinki
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, JakartaSoekarno-Hatta
Grand China Air Guilin, Hailar, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Yinchuan
Hainan Airlines Almaty, Anqing, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Baotou, Belgrade (begins 15 September 2017),[20] BerlinTegel, Boston, Brussels, Calgary, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, ChicagoO'Hare, Chongqing, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Irkutsk, Jiamusi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Las Vegas, Manchester, Manzhouli, MoscowSheremetyevo, Nanchang, Nanning, Ningbo, Phuket, Prague, Saint Petersburg, San Jose (CA), Sanya, Seattle/Tacoma, ShanghaiHongqiao, ShanghaiPudong, Shenzhen, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TokyoHaneda, TorontoPearson, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an, Yichang, Yulin
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra
Japan Airlines TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita
Jeju Air Daegu
Juneyao Airlines ShanghaiHongqiao
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Busan, Jeju, SeoulGimpo, SeoulIncheon
Loong Air Hangzhou
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lucky Air Kunming, Mangshi, Tengchong
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Mahan Air TehranImam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala LumpurInternational
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar
Nok Air Phuket[21]
NordStar Airlines KrasnoyarskYemelyanovo
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, TokyoNarita
Philippine Airlines Kalibo, Manila
Qantas Sydney
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Qingdao
S7 Airlines Irkutsk, KrasnoyarskYemelyanovo, Novosibirsk, UlanUde, Vladivostok
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Jinan, Qingdao, Rizhao, Weihai, Xiamen, Yancheng, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Nantong, OsakaKansai, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yichun
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Panzhihua, Sanya, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Xichang, Zhongwei
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda
Tajik Air Dushanbe
Thai Airways BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Phuket
Tibet Airlines Lhasa
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil
United Airlines ChicagoO'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal charter: Guam
Ural Airlines BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Krabi,[22] Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi
Seasonal: Nha Trang
XiamenAir Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Sanya, ShanghaiHongqiao, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Zhoushan
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines MoscowSheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, ChicagoO'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Portland (OR), SeoulIncheon, SeoulGimpo, ShanghaiPudong, Shanghai Hongqiao, TokyoNarita, TokyoHaneda, TaipeiTaoyuan, Nanjing
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong[23]
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Cargolux Luxembourg
SF Airlines Guangzhou, Hangzhou, ShanghaiPudong, Wuxi, Shenzhen, Macau
China Postal Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Nanjing
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Almaty[24]
FedEx Express SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, OsakaKansai
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt

Ground transportation

Intra-terminal transportation

Terminal 3 consists of three sub-concourses. Both domestic and international travelers check in at T3C. Gates for domestic flights are in T3C and T3D (solely for domestic Air China flights), while international flights are handled in T3E. The 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) trip between T3C and T3E is shortened to 25 minutes by an automated people mover.

Inter-terminal transportation

The airport provides free inter-terminal shuttle bus between Terminals 1/2 and 3. The buses set out every 10 minutes from 6 am to 11 pm, and every 30 minutes from 11pm till 6am. Terminals 1 and 2 are connected by a lengthy corridor.

Rail

Beijing Capital International Airport is served by the Airport Express Line of the Beijing Subway. The 28.1 km (17.5 mi) line runs from Terminal 3 to Terminal 2 and then to the city with stops at Sanyuanqiao and Dongzhimen. The line opened on 19 July 2008, in time for the 2008 Olympics. A one-way trip takes approximately 1620 minutes and costs ¥25. The running hours are 6:35-23:10 for T2, 6:20-22:50 for T3 and 6:00-22:30 for Dongzhimen.[25]

Exterior of the Terminal 3 Transportation Centre 
Airport Express train station inside the Terminal 3 Transportation Centre. 
Terminal 2 station platform 
Bus

The airport offers bus service to and from points throughout the city including Xidan, Beijing Railway Station, Beijing South Station, Beijing West Station, Zhongguancun, Fangzhuang and Shangdi on eleven airport bus routes. The airport buses run to each of the three terminals and cost ¥16 per ride. The airport buses accept only paper tickets that are sold at each terminal and certain bus stops in the city. The airport also offers bus service to and from neighboring cities including Tianjin, Qinhuangdao, Baoding, Langfang and Tangshan.

Taxi

Taxi service from the airport to Beijing is available. Normal taxis (not limousines) are on the meter, and a normal reasonable price to downtown Beijing is around ¥150.

Car

The airport is accessible by four express tollways. Two of these run directly from northeastern Beijing to the airport. The other two connect to the airport from nearby highways.

  • The Airport Expressway is a 20 km (12 mi) toll road that runs from the northeastern 3rd Ring Road at Sanyuanqiao directly to Terminals 1 and 2. It was built in the 1990s and has served as the primary road connection to the city.
  • The 2nd Airport Expressway, opened in 2008, is a 15.6 km (9.7 mi) toll road that runs east from Yaojiayuan Lu at the eastern 5th Ring Road and then north to Terminal 3.
  • The Northern Airport Line, opened in 2006, is an 11.3 km (7.0 mi) toll road that runs east from the Jingcheng Expressway to Terminals 1 and 2.
  • The Southern Airport Line, opened in 2008, is a toll road that runs parallel and to the south of the Northern Airport Line from the Jingcheng Expressway to the eastern Sixth Ring Road at the Litian Bridge. This highway crosses the Airport Expressway and 2nd Airport Expressway, and enables drivers on the former to reach Terminal 3 and the latter to head to Terminals 1 and 2.

In addition to the expressways, there is a tree-lined, two-lane road that runs just south of the Airport Expressway. This Old Airport Road was the primary access route to the airport prior to the expressway's opening and remains the only untolled road to the airport.

Parking

The airport's parking garage offers 24-hour parking service.

Accolades

Rankings
Traffic Rank Year
List of airports by passenger traffic 2 2014
List of airports by traffic movements 5 2014
List of airports by cargo traffic 12 2014

Statistics

Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Movements Cargo
(tons)
2007[28] 53,611,747 399,209 1,416,211.3
2008[28] 55,938,136 04.3% 429,646 1,367,710.3
2009[29] 65,375,095 016.9% 487,918 1,475,656.8
2010[30] 73,948,114 013.1% 517,585 1,551,471.6
2011[31] 78,674,513 06.4% 533,166 1,640,231.8
2012[3] 81,929,359 04.1% 557,167 1,787,027
2013[32] 83,712,355 02.2% 567,759 1,843,681
2014[33] 86,128,313 02.9% 581,952 1,848,251
2015 89,900,000 04.4% 594,785 1,843,543
2016 94,393,000 05.6% 606,086 1,831,167

Other facilities

Beijing Capital Airlines has its headquarters in the Capital Airlines Building ( Shud Hángkng Dàshà) at the airport.[34][35]

Sister airports

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Boeing.com Beijing Capital International Airport
  2. ^ "Beijing Capital International airport Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "31 March 2014 Preliminary world airport traffic and rankings 2013" (PDF). 31 March 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Map from Maptown.cn. (Archive)
  5. ^ "__". travel.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2015-07-15. 
  6. ^ "Beijing Airport's third runway opens on Monday". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "europa-eu-un.org". Archived from the original on 2 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "AAPA members' international traffic falls in July; Beijing now busiest airport in the region". anna.aero. 5 September 2008. 
  9. ^ WANG XIAODONG (14 January 2013). "New capital airport cleared for takeoff". China Daily. 
  10. ^ Cantle, Katie (5 February 2013). "China's SkyTeam carriers will move to new Beijing airport". ATW Plus. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c "Beijing Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport - PEK, ZBAA". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^ China Southern, Xiamen Airlines and Chongqing Airlines move to Terminal 2
  13. ^ HNA Group domestic routes move to Terminal 1
  14. ^ Company Introduction About Us BCIA
  15. ^ "Beijing Airport opens new section for passengers"http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/beijing/2013-04/17/content_16415445.htm
  16. ^ "China's Beijing airport hit in blast protest". BBC News. 20 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  17. ^ Zhang, Dayu (20 July 2013). "Man sets off black powder in Beijing airport". CNN. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Beijing Airport Operational Capacity
  19. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274397/american-opens-los-angeles-beijing-bookings-for-nov-2017-launch/
  20. ^ "Hainan Airlines schedules Belgrade Sep 2017 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "Nok Air delays Beijing launch to June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  22. ^ Liu, Jim (2 June 2017). "Ural Airlines expands China - Thailand flights from July 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
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External links


This article based on this article: Beijing_Capital_International_Airportexternal Link from the free encyclopedia Wikipediaexternal Link and work with the GNU Free Documentation License. In Wikipedia is this list of the authorsexternal Link.