Belfast International Airport
|Serves||Belfast, United Kingdom|
|Location||Aldergrove, County Antrim,|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||268 ft / 82 m|
Belfast International Airport (IATA: BFS, ICAO: EGAA) is an airport 11.5 NM (21.3 km; 13.2 mi) northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland. Formerly known as Aldergrove Airport, after the nearby village of Aldergrove, Belfast International is Northern Ireland's busiest airport and the second busiest airport on the island of Ireland after Dublin Airport. In 2018, over 6.2 million passengers travelled through the airport, marking a 7.4% increase compared with 2017. It features flights to some European metropolitan and several leisure destinations as well as a seasonal route to the United States.
Belfast International has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The airfield was previously shared with the Royal Air Force base RAF Aldergrove which closed in 2008. The base is now known as Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station, Aldergrove and both runways are now owned by the airport. The airport is owned and operated by VINCI Airports which was previously owned by ADC & HAS.
The airport lies within the parish of Killead, between the small villages of Killead (to the east) and Aldergrove (to the west). The site for the airport was established in 1917 when it was selected to be a Royal Flying Corps training establishment during the First World War. The airport remained open at the end of the war for RAF activity.
Civil traffic began in 1922 when flights were conducted flying newspapers from Chester and a regular civil air service started in 1933. The flight was to Glasgow and was operated by Midland and Scottish Air Ferries. This was subsequently augmented by flights to the Isle of Man, Liverpool and Croydon, then London's airport.
During the Second World War, Aldergrove remained an RAF station particularly for the Coastal Command. So that the airport could accommodate larger, long-range aircraft, a major works programme was undertaken to replace the four existing runways with two new long paved runways, thereby forming the basis of the layout that still exists at the airport today.
One of the outcomes of the wartime airfield construction programme was the building of Nutts Corner Airport, just 3 mi (4.8 km) from Aldergrove. On 1 December 1946, the new site replaced Belfast Harbour Airport (now George Best Belfast City Airport) as Northern Ireland's civil airport, as the site at Sydenham was considered unsuitable.
By the 1950s civil air traffic had outstripped the facilities at Nutts Corner and, in addition, aircraft were being regularly diverted to Aldergrove because of adverse weather conditions. In July 1959 the decision was made to move civil flights to Aldergrove to take advantage of the large airfield and this took place in October 1963.
A new terminal and apron were built with the necessary passenger facilities and the complex was opened by Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother on 28 October 1963. In 1966 the first regular jet service to LondonGatwick started and in 1968 Aer Lingus and BOAC introduced scheduled services to New York City via Shannon and Glasgow-Prestwick respectively.
In 1971 Northern Ireland Airports Limited was formed to operate and develop the airport and its facilities. A major programme of airfield upgrades was undertaken resulting in improvements to runways, taxiways and the parking apron.
A new International Pier was built together with lounge facilities and car parks, while an additional apron was provided to separate the smaller general aviation aircraft from large commercial jets. In the meantime, British Airways launched the first Belfast to Heathrow shuttle service and the first Boeing 747 operated from the airport on a charter service to Toronto via Shannon. The first scheduled service to a European city was started by NLM Cityhopper (now KLM Cityhopper) flying to Amsterdam.
In 1983 the airport, renamed Belfast International, was regularly accommodating the largest civil aircraft in service and with the installation of new technology was capable of all weather operations. In 1985 passenger numbers reached 1.5 million and BMI went into competition with British Airways on the Heathrow service. Further developments to the terminal occurred throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s. A new Executive Aviation Terminal was opened in 1987 and the new cargo centre opened in 1991.
The airport was privatised in 1994. TBI became the new owners of the airport on 13 August 1996, by which time annual passenger numbers had reached 2.5 million.
In 1998 Easyjet started operations from the airport with flights to London Luton. Since then the airline has established a large base at Belfast International and a further twelve domestic routes and twenty direct European scheduled routes have been added to the network, making the airline the largest user of the airport.
In July 2013, it was confirmed that abertis would sell Belfast International Airport, Stockholm Skavsta Airport & Orlando Sanford International Airport to ADC & HAS based in the United States. In February 2015 the airport re-opened the viewing gallery that had been closed for 10 years which provides a view of the apron and the runways that serve the airport. It also includes live ATC, arrival and departure boards, and a live flight radar screen.
In 2016 Ryanair opened a base at the airport, initially operating flights to nine destinations. The airline said they would carry 1.1 million passengers a year out of the airport. Between 2017 and 2018, Norwegian Air Shuttle operated long-haul services to Newburgh and Providence.
In April 2018, Vinci Airports, a subsidiary of Vinci S.A, acquired an airport portfolio held by Airports Worldwide (previously named ADC & HAS), with the transaction expected to close later this year, Vinci Airports will become the new owner of Belfast International Airport.
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Belfast International:
|BH Air|| Seasonal: Burgas|
Seasonal charter: Sofia (begins 29 December 2019)
|easyJet|| Alicante, Amsterdam, Birmingham, Bristol, Edinburgh, Faro, Glasgow, Isle of Man, Kraków, Lanzarote, Liverpool, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, LondonStansted, Málaga, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Venice|
Seasonal: Barcelona, Bordeaux, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Ibiza, Jersey, Lyon, Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2019), Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, ReykjavíkKeflavík, Salzburg, Split, Valencia
|Jet2.com|| Alicante, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, TenerifeSouth|
Seasonal: Almería, Antalya, Burgas, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir (begins 26 May 2020), Málaga, Malta, Menorca, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Verona, Zakynthos,
Seasonal charter: Sofia (begins 28 December 2019)
|Ryanair|| Alicante, Bergamo, Kraków, Lanzarote (ends 2 November 2019), LondonStansted, Málaga, TenerifeSouth, |
Seasonal: BerlinSchönefeld (ends 3 November 2019), Faro, Gdask, Girona, Malta (ends 26 October 2019), Manchester, Wrocaw
|TUI Airways||Seasonal: Burgas, Corfu, Dalaman (begins 18 May 2020), Ibiza, Kos (begins 16 May 2020), Lanzarote, Málaga, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Rhodes, TenerifeSouth|
|Virgin Atlantic||Seasonal: Orlando|
In 2018 Belfast International handled over 6.2 million passengers, which is the highest in the airport's history. The airport is the busiest in Northern Ireland and the second busiest airport on the island of Ireland, after Dublin Airport. Belfast International was the 10th busiest airport in the UK by passenger traffic in 2018.
|Updated: 23 January 2019|
2017 / 18
|13||Palma de Mallorca||195,911||6.8%|
|19||ParisCharles de Gaulle||89,175||16.7%|
Travellers by car can reach the airport via the M2 motorway. The airport operates four car parks, three on-site car parks and one off-site car park. The on-site short stay and main car parks are situated within easy walking distance of the terminal building and an on demand courtesy bus operates to and from the on-site long stay car park. The off-site short or long stay car park called 'Park and Fly' is located just before the main entrance to the airport and is also serviced by a courtesy bus.
Translink operates an express bus service 300 to the airport from their Europa Buscentre, in the centre of Belfast. This runs 24 hours a day, every 15 minutes at peak times Translink also offers bus connections to Antrim railway station. The airport can be reached from Derry and the northwest by the Airporter. The 109A bus service operates between 6am and 6pm from Lisburn bus centre in Lisburn City Centre, calling at Lisburn railway station, Ballinderry, Glenavy, Crumlin, Belfast International Airport and Antrim bus centre.
The nearest railway station is Antrim railway station, 10 km (6.2 mi) from the airport in Antrim and serviced by a bus (the 109A Ulsterbus service) to and from Antrim bus/railway station from there connections to Derry and Belfast by train can be made. There are connections to Belfast, Lisburn and Derry. Antrim station is on the BelfastDerry railway line. Trains to and from Dublin are via Belfast Central railway station. A new station serving the airport could be constructed on the mothballed Lisburn-Antrim railway line, as set out in the airport master plan. This line remains in serviceable condition and passes close to the airport terminal. It has also been listed in a public review of the future of Northern Ireland railways, which would see the airport being served by train by the year 2020.
Media related to Belfast International Airport at Wikimedia Commons