Hollywood Burbank Airport
Bob Hope Airport
KBUR looking north, May 2018
|Owner/Operator||BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport Authority|
|Serves||Northern Greater Los Angeles area, Burbank, Glendale, Northeast Los Angeles, Pasadena, Central Los Angeles, Hollywood, Studio City, Universal City, and the San Fernando Valley|
|Location||Burbank, California, United States|
|Elevation AMSL||778 ft / 237 m|
Hollywood Burbank Airport, legally and formerly marketed as Bob Hope Airport (IATA: BUR, ICAO: KBUR, FAA LID: BUR), is a public airport 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of downtown Burbank, in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The airport serves Downtown Los Angeles and the northern Greater Los Angeles area, including Glendale, Pasadena, and the San Fernando Valley. It is closer to Griffith Park, Hollywood, and Downtown Los Angeles than Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), and is the only airport in the area with a direct rail connection to downtown Los Angeles. Non-stop flights mostly serve cities in the western United States, while JetBlue Airways has daily flights to New York City and Boston.
Originally the entire airport was within the Burbank city limits, but the north end of Runway 15/33 has been extended into the city of Los Angeles.
The airport is owned by the BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport Authority and controlled by the governments of those cities. The Airport Authority contracts with TBI Airport Management, Inc., to operate the airport, which has its own police and fire departments, the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority Police. Boarding uses portable boarding steps or ramps rather than jet bridges.
Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 2,647,287 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 2,294,991 in 2009, and 2,239,804 in 2010. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 20172021 categorized it as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.
The airport has been named United Airport (19301934), Union Air Terminal (19341940), Lockheed Air Terminal (19401967), HollywoodBurbank Airport (19671978), BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport (19782003), Bob Hope Airport (since 2003 as the legal name), and in 2017 was rebranded as Hollywood Burbank Airport due to the lack of recognition of Bob Hope Airport's geographic region.
United Aircraft and Transport Corporation (UA&T) was a holding company created in 1928 that included Boeing Aircraft and United Air Lines, itself a holding company for a collection of small airlines that continued to operate under their own names. One of these airlines was Pacific Air Transport (PAT), which Boeing had acquired because of PAT's west coast mail contract in January 1928. UA&T sought a site for a new airport for PAT and found one in Burbank. UA&T had the benefit of surveys that the Aeronautics Department of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce had conducted starting in 1926 to identify potential airport sites.
It took UA&T a year and the cooperation of the city to assemble the site. The 234-acre (0.95 km2) site was rife with vines and trees and the ground had to be filled and leveled, but it had good drainage, a firm landing surface, steady winds, and good access to ground transport. Construction was completed in just seven months. In an age when few aircraft had brakes and many had a tail skid instead of a wheel, runways were not usually paved; those at Burbank had a 5-inch-thick (130 mm) mixture of oil and sand. There were no taxi strips, but the designers left room for them. Two of the runways were over 3,600 feet (1,100 m) long; a third was 2,900 feet (880 m); all were 300 feet (91 m) wide. Generous dimensions, and the site had room for expansion.
|Aerial view of the Union Air Terminal Building at Burbank Airport, August 1935 [looking SE]|
United Airport was dedicated amid much festivity (including an air show) on Memorial Day weekend (May 30 June 1), 1930. The airport and its handsome Spanish Revival-style terminal was a showy competitor to nearby Grand Central Airport in Glendale, which was then Los Angeles' main airline terminal. The new Burbank facility was actually the largest commercial airport in the Los Angeles area until it was eclipsed in 1946 by the Los Angeles Airport in Westchester when that facility (formerly Mines Field, then Los Angeles Municipal Airport) commenced scheduled airline operations.
The Burbank facility remained United Airport until 1934 when it was renamed Union Air Terminal. The name change came the same year that Federal anti-trust actions caused United Aircraft and Transport to dissolve, which took effect September 26, 1934. The Union Air Terminal moniker stuck until Lockheed bought the airport in 1940 and renamed it Lockheed Air Terminal.
In March 1939 sixteen airline departures a day were scheduled out of Burbank: eight on United Airlines, five on Western Airlines and three on TWA (American Airlines' three departures were still at Glendale). Commercial air traffic continued even while Lockheed's extensive factories supplied the war effort and developed military and civil aircraft into the mid-1960s. The April 1957 OAG lists nine weekday departures on Western, six on United, six on Pacific Air Lines, one on TWA and one on American Airlines (a nonstop to Chicago Midway Airport). Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) had 48 Douglas DC-4 departures a week to SFO and SAN (PSA did not fly out of LAX until 1958). In 1958, Oakland-based Transocean Air Lines was operating Lockheed Constellation propliner service three times a week nonstop to Honolulu as well as a Constellation flight operated twice a week on a round trip routing of Oakland - Burbank - Chicago Midway Airport - New York Idlewild Airport (now JFK Airport) - Hartford. By the summer of 1962, PSA was operating all of its nonstop flights to San Francisco and San Diego with new Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop aircraft with a combined total of 32 departures a week from Burbank.
Jet service arrived at Burbank during the late 1960s with Pacific Air Lines operating Boeing 727-100s nonstop to Las Vegas and San Francisco as well one-stop direct to Eureka/Arcata. Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) flew from Burbank to the San Francisco Bay Area and San Diego with 727s, and Hughes Airwest (previously Air West) flew Douglas DC-9-10s and McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30s nonstop to Las Vegas, Phoenix, Salt Lake City and Denver with one-stop DC-9s to Houston Hobby Airport. Hughes Airwest even operated one-stop DC-9 jet service to Grand Canyon National Park Airport near the south rim of the Grand Canyon. In 1986 United Airlines Boeing 767-200s flew nonstop to Chicago O'Hare Airport; the wide body 767 was the largest passenger airliner ever to serve Burbank. AirCal McDonnell Douglas MD-80s flew nonstop to the Bay Area and direct to Lake Tahoe.
At 3:30 p.m. on February 13, 1966, a fire broke out in a greasy flue in the kitchen of the terminal building's second-floor restaurant, The Sky Room. Fanned by gusty winds, the fire spread through the terminal and control tower. Controllers in the tower were able to escape on an aerial ladder and air traffic was diverted to nearby Van Nuys Airport and Los Angeles International Airport for several hours. A controller communicated with aircraft using the radio in a light airplane belonging to Sky Roamers Air Travel, a flying club whose hangar was just east of the control tower. The fire, contained by about 6:30 p.m., caused an estimated $2 million in damages to the terminal, tower and equipment in the tower. No injuries were reported.
Lockheed officials declared that the airport would reopen the next day, and it did, using electronic equipment borrowed from LAX and set up in a nearby hangar. The hangar also served as the airport's temporary passenger terminal and baggage claim area. The gutted terminal and tower were rebuilt and reopened the following year.
In 1967 Lockheed renamed the facility Hollywood-Burbank Airport. In 1970 Continental Airlines began Boeing 727-200 flights to Portland and Seattle via San Jose and also flew the short hop to Ontario. Continental later offered flights to Chicago via Ontario. Continental went on to serve Denver with nonstop Boeing 727-200s from BUR. Alaska Airlines began serving Burbank in 1981 with Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s flying nonstop and direct to Seattle and Portland, which was Alaska Air's first service to southern California. Aloha Airlines pioneered nonstop jet service from BUR to Hawaii, flying Boeing 737-700s to Honolulu before ceasing all passenger operations.
A 1973 decision by the United States Supreme Court in City of Burbank v. Lockheed Air Terminal, Inc. overturned an airport curfew imposed by the city of Burbank on flights between 11:00 PM and 7:00 AM under the U.S. Constitution's Supremacy Clause on the grounds that airports were subject to federal oversight by the Federal Aviation Administration and under the terms of the Noise Control Act of 1972.
The facility remained Hollywood-Burbank Airport for more than a decade until 1978 when Lockheed sold it to the BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport Authority. The airport then got its fifth name: BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport (19782003).
On November 6, 2003, the airport authority voted to change the name to Bob Hope Airport in honor of comedian Bob Hope, a longtime resident of nearby Toluca Lake, who had died earlier that year and who had kept his personal airplane at the airfield. The new name was unveiled on December 17, 2003, on the 100th anniversary of the Wright brothers' first flight in 1903, the year that Bob Hope was born.
Numerous attempts to expand safety buffer zones and add runway length have drawn opposition from the airport's neighbors, citing increased noise. Open space around the airport is nonexistent, making land acquisition unlikely.
In 2005 the airport celebrated its 75th anniversary; in 2006 it served 5,689,291 travelers on seven major carriers, with more than 70 flights daily.
After much debate between the Airport Authority, the city of Burbank, the Transportation Security Administration, and Burbank residents, in November 2007 it was decided that a new $8-million to $10-million baggage screening facility for Terminal B is legal, considering the anti-growth limitations placed on the airport. The facility will house a $2.5-million explosive detection system, used for the automatic detection of explosives within checked luggage. However, the facility is still in the early planning phases.
Burbank Airport was the historical home of the Lockheed "Skunk Works," which designed many black project aircraft during the Cold War, including the U-2, SR-71 Blackbird and F-117 Nighthawk. The "Skunk Works" name originated in 1943 due to the strong odor emanating from a manufacturing plant near the Burbank site. As of 1988, when Lockheed announced the Skunk Works' relocation to Palmdale, Lockheed employed around 12,000 people at Burbank. The land occupied by the old Lockheed buildings (demolished in the 1990s), at the corners of Empire Avenue and Hollywood Way and Thornton Avenue, is now the site of a growing power center commercial development with chain restaurants and businesses.
Hollywood Burbank Airport covers 555 acres (224 ha) at an elevation of 778 feet (237 m) above sea level. It has two asphalt runways: 15/33 is 6,886 by 150 feet (2,099 x 46 m) and 8/26 is 5,802 by 150 feet (1,768 x 46 m). Airliners generally take off on Runway 15 due to wind from the south, and land crosswind on Runway 8 since that is the only runway with ILS and clear terrain for the approach. Flights from the northeast sometimes land visually on Runway 15 to save the extra distance circling to Runway 8. When the wind is from the north airliners often make a visual left-base approach to Runway 33, with a left turn close to the airport.
In the year ending September 30, 2018, the airport had 133,669 operations, average 366 per day: 43% general aviation, 40% scheduled commercial, 17% air taxi, and <1% military. In October 2018, 91 aircraft were then based at this airport: 38 jet, 28 single-engine, 16 multi-engine, and 9 helicopter.
On June 27, 2014, a $112 million Regional Transportation Center opened. The 520,000-square-foot center at Hollywood Way and Empire Avenue was also built to withstand a major earthquake while serving as an emergency "nerve center." The industrial-looking hub with a red steel roof will be adorned by 16, three-story art panels. Solar panels generating 1.5 megawatts of energy will also be added to its roof. A nearby parking garage was built to handle more than 1,000 cars, while traffic lights have been reworked around the airport.
There is also a replacement terminal in the works at the airport. A plan to develop a new airport terminal building was unveiled by the BurbankGlendalePasadena Airport Authority in 2013. The replacement terminal would cost a reported $400 million and meet newer seismic standards and be further away from the runway as required by the Federal Aviation Administration. The new location is west of Hollywood Way on undeveloped property that has been used in recent years for parking. The Burbank City Council left it up to voters to decide on the plan. Known as Measure B, the proposal went before Burbank city voters on November 8, 2016, and passed with 69 percent of the voters approving it.
The next step in the terminal replacement process is for the Airport Authority to finalize the new terminal's design, get FAA approval and then secure the required financing from the FAA and other sources. Airport funding sources include FAA grants, parking fees, landing fees charged to airlines, as well as rents from restaurants and other concession businesses operating at the airport. There are also fees charged on airline tickets sold, including passenger facility charges and federal taxes. Once the funding is nailed down, the Airport Authority will bid for the project. The replacement terminal is expected to encompass 355,000 square feet and the same number of gates (14). Also, air travelers will see more restrooms, additional restaurant and concession space, improved security screening areas and other enhanced passenger amenities.
Hollywood Burbank Airport has two terminals, "A" and "B", joined together as part of the same building. Terminal A has nine gates numbered A1 to A9 and Terminal B has five gates numbered B1 to B5.
|Alaska Airlines||Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma|||
|American Airlines|| Dallas/Fort Worth |
Seasonal: PhoenixSky Harbor
|American Eagle||PhoenixSky Harbor|||
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Salt Lake City|||
|Delta Connection||Salt Lake City|||
|JetBlue||Boston, New YorkJFK|||
|JSX|| Concord (CA), Las Vegas, Oakland, PhoenixSky Harbor |
Seasonal: Mammoth Lakes, Thermal
|Southwest Airlines|| ChicagoMidway, DallasLove, Denver, HoustonHobby, Las Vegas, Oakland, PhoenixSky Harbor, Portland (OR), Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Jose (CA) |
|Spirit Airlines||Las Vegas|||
|United Airlines||Denver, San Francisco|||
|United Express||Denver, San Francisco|||
|Ameriflight||Bakersfield, Oakland, Ontario, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria|
|FedEx Express||Fort Worth, Indianapolis, Laredo, Memphis|
|UPS Airlines||Chicago/Rockford, Des Moines, Louisville|
|1||Oakland, California||410,620||Southwest, JSX|
|2||San Jose, California||360,390||Alaska, Southwest, JSX|
|3||Las Vegas, Nevada||338,490||Southwest, JSX, Spirit|
|4||PhoenixSky Harbor, Arizona||309,070||American, Southwest|
|6||San Francisco, California||262,900||Southwest, United|
|8||Denver, Colorado||156,600||Southwest, United|
|9||Portland, Oregon||131,590||Alaska, Southwest|
|10||Salt Lake City, Utah||120,800||Delta, Southwest|
|2009||4,588,433||2019||5,429,217 (as of Nov. 30)|
Hollywood Burbank Airport can be reached using the Hollywood Way exit (number 149) off Interstate 5, the Hollywood Way (west) or Pass Ave (east) exit (number 2) off State Route 134, or the Victory Boulevard exit (number 8B) off State Route 170. Car and pedestrian access to the terminal is provided at either Hollywood Way and Thornton Avenue or on Empire Avenue one block west of Hollywood Way. On-site parking consists of valet parking, short-term parking, and Parking Lots D and E. Remote Parking Lot A is located at Hollywood Way and Winona Avenue. Remote Parking Lot B is located on Hollywood Way north of Burton Avenue. Remote Parking Lot C is located on Thornton Avenue west of Ontario Street. Shuttle buses are provided from Parking Lots A, B, C, and D to the terminal buildings. A shuttle stop is also located at the corner of Hollywood Way and Thornton Avenue.
Lyft, Uber, and Wingz all use the passenger drop-off location in front of the main terminal for departing travelersand arrivals use the adjacent Short Term Parking structure directly opposite the Terminal.
There are two bus stop areas: Hollywood Way-Thornton Ave (a short walk east of Terminal A) and Empire Ave/Intermodal, a short walk south of Terminal B next to the train station. All Burbank-bound lines serve Downtown Burbank (Metrolink station).
|Metro Local 94||Downtown LA / Sylmar||Hollywood Way|
|Metro Local 165||Burbank / West Hills||Empire Ave|
|Metro Local 169||Burbank / Warner Center||Hollywood Way|
|Metro Local 222||Hollywood / Sunland||Hollywood Way|
|Metro Rapid 794||Downtown LA / Sylmar||Hollywood Way|
|Amtrak Thruway 1a||Bakersfield / San Diego||Empire Ave|
|Amtrak Thruway 1a||Bakersfield / Torrance||Empire Ave|
|BurbankBus||North Hollywood||Hollywood Way (S)|
Empire Ave (W)
Amtrak's Coast Starlight and Pacific Surfliner and Metrolink's Ventura County Line serve the Burbank AirportSouth station located south of the airport. The train station is a short quarter mile walk from the terminal area, and a free shuttle bus with luggage racks connects the terminals and the train station. From this station, the Ventura County Line provides access to downtown Los Angeles and Ventura County; Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner provides access to San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, downtown Los Angeles, Anaheim, and San Diego.
Metrolink's Antelope Valley Line stops at the Burbank AirportNorth station located about 1 mile north of the terminal near the intersection of San Fernando Boulevard and Hollywood Way, and a free shuttle bus takes passengers to the terminal. From this station, the Antelope Valley Line provides access to downtown Los Angeles and Antelope Valley.
In 2002, Terminal A was renovated and expanded. Plans existed for years to expand the airport with a new passenger terminal north of the existing one, but these plans have been scrapped due to significant opposition from the Burbank City Council and local groups.
A 2004 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) report cited the need for expansion at this airport, but for now this seems impossible due to agreed upon restrictions of the size and number of gates. Under a development agreement, no gate expansions to the terminal are permitted until after 2015. The passenger terminal is too close to the runways, according to current safety standards, but is grandfathered in because of its age.
As of 2013, the airport is again trying to replace the legacy terminal. The proposed new terminal would be built on the north side of the airfield, with the existing terminal on the south side demolished once the new terminal is constructed. The number of gates and ground-boarding would be retained, but the new terminal would be larger and would address the safety deficiencies noted above. Building the new terminal requires a vote of the citizens of Burbank. New Terminal Visioning Page
Bob Hope Airport was initially built for smaller aircraft; as a consequence, the airport has one of the smallest commercially used runways in the United States. The result is a challenging landing for even the most experienced pilots.
The airport has been used as a filming location for projects including:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hollywood Burbank Airport.|