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Airport Cairo (Egypt) - International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cairo International Airport

Mar El Qhira El Dawly
Airport type Public
Operator Cairo Airport Company
Serves Cairo, Egypt
Location Heliopolis
Hub for EgyptAir
EgyptAir Express
Nile Air
Elevation AMSL 382 ft / 116 m
Coordinates 30°0719N 31°2420E / 30.12194°N 31.40556°E / 30.12194; 31.40556Coordinates: 30°0719N 31°2420E / 30.12194°N 31.40556°E / 30.12194; 31.40556
Website cairo-airport.com
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05L/23R 3,301 10,830 Asphalt
05C/23C 3,999 13,120 Asphalt
05R/23L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 14,711,500
Economic impact $2.0 billion[1]
Social impact 211.5 thousand[1]
Sources: Airport website[2] and DAFIF[3][4]
Passenger statistics[1]

Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAIICAO: HECA) (Arabic: ; Mar El Qhira El Dawly) is the international airport of Cairo and the busiest in Egypt and serves as the primary hub for EgyptAir, EgyptAir Express and Nile Air as well as several other airlines. The airport is located in Heliopolis, to the northeast of the Cairo around 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the business area of the city and has an area of approximately 37 square kilometres (14 sq mi). It is the second busiest airport in Africa after OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg.


During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces built Payne Airfield to serve the Allied Forces, rather than take over the existing Almaza Airport located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) away. Payne Field was a major Air Transport Command air cargo and passenger hub, connecting westwards through Benghazi Airport (during the war known as Soluch Airfield) to Algiers airport on the North African route to Dakar Airport, in French West Africa.

Other locations which transport routes were flown were RAF Habbaniya, Iraq on the Cairo Karachi, India route; Lydda Airport, British Palestine; Jeddah, Arabia, on the Central African route to Roberts Field, Liberia (19411943), and later after the war ended, Athens, Greece and on to destinations in Europe.[5]

When American forces left the base at the end of the war, the Civil Aviation Authority took over the facility and began using it for international civil aviation. In 1963, Cairo International Airport replaced the old Heliopolis Airport, which had been located at the Hike-Step area in the east of Cairo.[6]

The airport is administered by the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation, which controls the Cairo Airport Company, the Egyptian Airports Company, National Air Navigation Services and Aviation Information Technology, and the Cairo Airport Authority. In 2004, Fraport AG won the management contract to run the airport for eight years, with options to extend the contract twice in one year increments.[7]


The terminal facilities include Departure Hall 1, International Hall 3, and Hall 4 for private and non-commercial aircraft services. As part of the recent upgrading and facility improvement scheme, the CAA demolished the old Hall 3, previously used for domestic arrivals and departures, to reconstruct a new hall to be used for international arrivals. Terminal 1 is locally known as the "Old Airport," although its facilities were recently given a complete overhaul and are newer than those of Terminal 2, which is still known as the "New Airport."

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was originally used by EgyptAir and several Middle Eastern airlines. However, an increasing number of other foreign carriers, such as Air France and KLM transferred operations from Terminal 2 in 2006. In May 2009 EgyptAir moved all its operations to the new Terminal 3 (along with all Star Alliance airlines serving the airport). In March 2010, with the closure of Terminal 2 for major renovation works, all non-Star Alliance airlines serving the airport shifted operations to the terminal.

Departures and arrivals are with all airlines departing from Terminal 1 Hall 1, with the exception Saudia which is the sole tenant of Terminal 1 Hall 2 due to the size of their operations (SV accounted for 65% of Terminal 2's traffic in 2009). Most international airlines arrive in Hall 3. Arrival Hall 2 was recently reopened and serves international and domestic arrivals.

The CAC has inaugurated the "Airport City Concept" to provide an array of services and entertainment facilities to travelers, airport visitors, as well as the general public. The first phase, a new shopping mall called the 'AirMall,' has been built near Terminal 1's International Arrival Hall 3.

As of 2009 the facade of the terminal was being upgraded. A study on reorganizing the departure and arrival halls is ongoing as well as the feasibility study to include contact stands to improve the service and comfort levels to the passengers. Terminal 1 has 12 gates.

Hall 4

Terminal 1, Hall 4 is dedicated to private and executive jet services. Even though it is referred to as a 'Hall' under Terminal 1 it is operated independently from the commercial passenger terminal. It has proven to be one of the most successful general aviation halls in the Middle East.

Smart Aviation Company has been based at the building since 2007; it moved to a new executive FBO in 2010 adjacent to Hall 4.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 was inaugurated in 1986 with 7 boarding gates.[8] It primarily served European, Gulf and East Asian airlines. The terminal was closed in April 2010 for complete renovations starting in 2012 and lasting 36 months. The architecture of the building limited the opportunities for further expansion which necessitated the entire building to be closed for major structural overhaul at an estimated cost of approximately $400 million.

In February 2010 the World Bank's Board of Executive Directors approved a loan amount of $387 million to support the Cairo Airport Development Project (CADP) to overhaul the terminal with national banks providing the rest. The project aimed at increasing the terminal capacity from 3 million to 7.5 million passengers annually. The upgrade included the complete modernisation of the 20-year-old facility to reach the same level of service as the new Terminal 3. In August 2011, Turkey's Limak Holding won the tender for modernising the terminal.

After several project delays, the renovated terminal had its soft opening on 28 September 2016 with a capacity of 7.5 million passengers bringing the airport's total passenger capacity to 30 million passengers annually. The new terminal has 14 gates and an additional 5 remote stands.

During February 2017, Saudi Arabian Airlines launched its first international "Al-Fursan lounge" at Cairo International Airport Terminal 2. The 1,500 square-meter lounge can accommodate 300 guests at a time.

The renovated terminal is operating jointly with Terminal 3 as one integrated terminal via an air bridge, thus, reinforcing the role of Cairo International Airport as a regional hub.

Terminal 3

Given projected growth, and the limited ability to expand Terminal 2, the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation began construction of Terminal 3 in 2004. The terminal was officially inaugurated by the former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on 18 December 2008 and opened for commercial operations on 27 April 2009. The facility is twice as large as the current two terminal buildings combined, with the capacity to handle 11 million passengers annually (6 million international and 5 million domestic) once the first phase is completed. It is adjacent to Terminal 2, and the two terminals are initially connected by a bridge.

With its hub at the airport, EgyptAir's operations were overhauled with the full transfer of its operations (international and domestic) into the state-of-the-art terminal between 27 April and 15 June 2009. To implement the Star Alliance "Move Under One Roof" concept, all Alliance members serving the airport were relocated to the terminal by the first of August 2009.

The new terminal includes:

  • Two piers of extendable capacity and gates facilities serving domestic and international traffic on contact and remote stands. The main building and the piers are connected by concourses. Two of the gates are equipped to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. Provisions for a third pier are in the planning stages.
  • Terminal 3 has 23 gates (2 gates for the A380), 6 check-in islands consisting of 110 check-in counters (plus 10 mobile counters and 10 CUSS kiosks), 76 immigration counters (plus 5 biometric gates), 52 contact and remote aircraft parking stands (5 with multiple use), 425 FIDS, 15 public information points, 7 baggage carousels, 63 elevators, 50 moving walkways and 51 escalators.
  • Retails space covers more than 5,000m2 (4.034m2 occupied by EgyptAir Tourism & Duty Free Shops).
  • International food court with Oriental, Asian and Western food (incl. Burger King, Hippopotamus, Upper Crust).
  • Land side roads including bridges and fly-over serving the traffic to and from the terminal building, surface car park areas (multi-story parking garage capable of holding more than 3,000 cars), a new access road connecting the airport with the Autostrad road (Cairo ring road) and upgrading the access roads.
Seasonal flight terminal

On 20 September 2011 Prime Minister Sharaf inaugurated the new Seasonal Flights Terminal (ST), located west of Terminal 3. During the start-up phase EgyptAir operates its daily flight to Medina from the new Terminal. All Hajj traffic of EgyptAir will move to the ST while Saudia's Hajj flights will still operate from Terminal 1. More destinations might be added during winter.

The terminal has an annual capacity of 3.2 million passengers with 27 check-in counters and 7 gates with a common gate and single security concept, the first in Cairo. It is designed to handle 1,200 passengers per hour. Passengers will be bussed to remote aircraft stands around Terminal 3. Its purpose is to ease operational strains on the existing terminals during pilgrim seasons.[9]



The airport has four terminals, the third (and largest) opened on 27 April 2009 and the Seasonal Flights Terminal opened on 20 September 2011. Terminal 2 was closed in April 2010 for major renovation works and was reopened on 28 September 2016. A third parallel runway replaced the crossing runway in 2010.[10] Runway 05L/23R is 3,301 metres (10,830 ft) long, 05C/23C has a length of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft), and the new runway is designated as 05R/23L and is 3,999 metres (13,120 ft).

Transfer Between Terminals Automated People Mover (APM): The main station is located between Terminals 2 and 3 and is an integral part of the bridge connecting the two terminals. The 1.8-kilometre (1.1 mi) track went into operation and links Terminal 1, the AirMall, the multi-storey car park and Terminals 2 and 3.[needs update]

Airport Hotel A luxury 350-room five-star Le Méridien hotel opened in front of Terminal 3 in December 2013. The hotel is linked to the terminal by a 230-metre-long (750 ft) skyway that is also equipped with a moving walkway. The hotel has 5 different dining venues, a fitness center, massage rooms, swimming pool, gift store, and more.

Future developments

With the national carrier, EgyptAir, and the Egyptian authorities planning to develop the airport as a hub for the Middle East and Africa, the airport facilities are in constant development.

Several projects are underway, including:

  • Construction of a multi-storey car park located near Terminal 3.
  • Continued upgrade of the land-side façade of Terminal 1.
  • The Cairo Cargo City (CCC) will provide state of the art facilities to support the growth in cargo traffic through the airport.
  • Expanding the Cairo Metro to serve the airport. The new line, Line 3, which is in an advanced stage of execution, will link Greater Cairo from east to west with the airport at one end, and Mohandessin district at the other. It is expected to be fully operational by 2019.[needs update]
  • Development of real estate and the 'Oasis Project' which entails a business park with company headquarters and regional offices.
  • Construction of 'Aerocity', a family leisure park to be built within the airport's investment zone. With an area of 3 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi), the enterprise should cost 1 billion Egyptian pounds (US$183 million) and will be carried out in two phases. The first phase will consist of the building of a business centre, and the second, of an entertainment park following the guidelines of Disney World, in the United States. There will also be parks, artificial lake, game courts, a water park, 18 cinemas and several restaurants. This will be a new feature of Cairo Airport and forms part of the long-term development and modernization plan.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah
Air Cairo Hofuf, Jeddah, Yanbu[11]
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle (ends 24 March 2018)[12][13]
Air Leisure BeijingCapital, Changsha, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Jeddah, Kunming, Nanning, ShanghaiPudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Charter: Chengdu, Chongqing, SeoulIncheon, Tianjin, TokyoNarita, Wuhan[14]
Alexandria Airlines Charter: AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Aqaba, Luxor
Alitalia RomeFiumicino
AlMasria Universal Airlines Aswan, Bergamo, Hurghada, Jeddah, Kuwait, Luxor, Sharm el-Sheikh
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Badr Airlines Khartoum
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Cairo Aviation Jeddah, Yanbu[15]
EgyptAir Abha, Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Algiers, AmmanQueen Alia, Amsterdam, Asmara, Assiut, Aswan, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Barcelona, BeijingCapital, Beirut, BerlinSchönefeld, Brussels, Budapest, Casablanca, Copenhagen, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, DubaiInternational, Entebbe, Erbil (Suspended), Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Guangzhou, Hurghada, IstanbulAtatürk, Jeddah, JohannesburgOR Tambo, Juba, Kano, Khartoum, Kuwait, Lagos, LondonHeathrow, Luxor, Madrid, Medina, MilanMalpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, N'Djamena, New YorkJFK, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Riyadh, RomeFiumicino, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, TokyoNarita, TorontoPearson, Tunis, Vienna
Charter: OsakaKansai
Seasonal: Mykonos
operated by Air Sinai
Tel AvivBen Gurion
operated by EgyptAir Express
Abu Simbel, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Aswan, Athens, Budapest, Hurghada, Larnaca, Luxor, Marsa Alam, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sohag
Seasonal: El Alamein, Mersa Matruh
Emirates DubaiInternational
Eritrean Airlines Asmara, Khartoum[16], MilanMalpensa[17]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Flynas Abha[18], Jeddah, Riyadh[19]
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah[20]
Jazeera Airways Kuwait
Joon ParisCharles de Gaulle (begins 25 March 2018) [21][22]
Jordan Aviation AmmanQueen Alia[23][better source needed][24][better source needed][25]
Kenya Airways Nairobi
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Meridiana MilanMalpensa
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nesma Airlines Abha, Jeddah, Qassim, Tabuk, Ta'if, Yanbu
Nile Air Abha, Al Ain, Al-Jawf, Aswan, Baghdad, Basra, Buraidah, Ha'il, Hofuf, Hurghada,[26] Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Jeddah, Jizan, Kuwait, Luxor, Port Sudan, Sharm el-Sheikh,[26] Tabuk, Ta'if, Yanbu
Oman Air Muscat
Petroleum Air Services Charter: El Kharga, Hurghada, Luxor, Port Said, Ras Shokeir, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sharq Al-Owainat, Antalya, Basra, Mykonos, Paphos[27]
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Falcon AmmanQueen Alia
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia
Royal Wings Aqaba[28]
Saudia Abha, Dammam, Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
Sudan Airways Khartoum, Port Sudan
Sun Air Khartoum
Syrian Air Damascus, Latakia
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tarco Airlines Khartoum[29]
Tunisair TunisCarthage
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil (begins 6 April 2018)[30]
Yemenia Sana'a1
  • ^1 Yemenia's flights operate via Bisha Domestic Airport.[31] However, Yemenia does not have the traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Cairo and Bisha.
Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Bangui[32], Paris-Charles de Gaulle, N'Djamena, Reunion
Cargolux Beirut, Luxembourg
DHL International Aviation ME Bahrain
EgyptAir Cargo[33] Beirut, Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul-Atatürk, Milan-Malpensa, N'Djamena, Ostend/Bruges, Sharjah
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum,[34] Frankfurt
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Beirut, Ličge[35]
Kalitta Air Charleston
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Milan-Malpensa, Sharjah
Martinair Amsterdam[36]
RAM Cargo Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman-Queen Alia, Maastricht/Aachen
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk[37]

Ground transport

Limousines and shuttle buses

There are several ways to leave Cairo airport upon arrival. The most convenient way is by one of the numerous "limousine services". Pick-up points are in front of the terminals (curb side). The prices are fixed depending on the destination and the car category. Category A are luxury limousines (e.g. Mercedes-Benz E-Class), Category B are Micro Buses for up to seven passengers, Category C are midsized cars (e.g. Mitsubishi Lancer) and new Category D are London Taxis.[38]

Public transport

Public buses leave outside terminal 1 and connect frequently to transportation hubs like Abbasia and Tahrir Square but can be confusing for visitors and are not suitable for persons carrying large pieces of baggage. Line 3 of the Cairo Metro will connect the airport to Heliopolis, Central Cairo and Giza in the future.


The old black and white taxis usually do not have a meter and prices are negotiated before travelling while the newer white taxis have meters, but will generally refuse to use it when leaving from the airport and charge significantly more.[citation needed]


The airport can be reached via Oroba Road from Heliopolis or via the new road, connection Terminal 3 with the intersection between Ring Road and Suez Road.[citation needed] The toll for driving to the airport is EGP 15.[citation needed]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 20 February 1956, a "Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux" Douglas DC-6B on a scheduled Saigon-Karachi-Cairo-Paris flight crashed on approach to Cairo airport. 52 of the 63 people on board were killed.
  • On 19 March 1965, Vickers Viscount YI-ACU of Iraqi Airways was damaged beyond economic repair when it ran into a number of lamp standards after a hydraulic system failure.[39]
  • On 20 May 1965, PIA Flight 705, a Boeing 720040B, crashed on approach to Runway 34, killing 121.
  • On 18 March 1966, United Arab Airlines Flight 749 crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport. All 30 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 15 January 1968, Douglas DC-3 SU-AJG of United Arab Airlines departed on an international scheduled cargo flight to Beirut International Airport, Lebanon when the crew decided to return due to icing. The aircraft subsequently broke up in mid-air and crashed at Zifta, killing all four people on board. The cargo shifting in flight and the aircraft being 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) overloaded may have contributed to the accident.[40]
  • On 6 September 1970, Pan Am Flight 93, which was flying to New York City from Amsterdam, was hijacked and landed in Cairo after refueling and picking up another hijacker in Beirut. The Boeing 747-100 was blown up after everyone got out. The hijackers were arrested later.


See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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  2. ^ "Cairo International Airport". 
  3. ^ Airport information for HECA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  4. ^ Airport information for CAI / HECA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  5. ^ "Map of worldwide routes of Air Transport Command, September 1945". Wikimedia Commons. 1945. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "Airport History". Cairo International Airport. 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "Fraport AG Wins Management Contract for Cairo Airport in Egypt". Fraport AG. 20 December 2004. Retrieved 10 October 2008. 
  8. ^ "Airport History". Cairo International Airport. Retrieved 10 October 2008. 
  9. ^ "State Information Service". sis.gov.eg. 
  10. ^ "Cairo Airport New Runway". Cairo International Airport. 
  11. ^ http://www.flyaircairo.com/
  12. ^ http://www.aviation24.be/airlines/air-france-klm-group/joon/launched-joon-the-new-low-cost-airline-with-a-new-generation-travel-experience/
  13. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/276119/route-rundown-cdg-ika-sin-txl-fra-uio/?highlight=cairo
  14. ^ http://www.air-leisure.com/en/Routes/2045
  15. ^ http://www.cairoaviation.com.eg/schedule.php
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-24. 
  17. ^ http://www.eritrean.aero/schedule.html
  18. ^ http://www.flynas.com/en/booking-flynas/route-map
  19. ^ "Flynas adds Riyadh Cairo Route from late-April 2015". Airline Route. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  20. ^ http://www.iq-airways.com/AirqAirways/trips_special.php?w=45 Archived 13 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ http://www.aviation24.be/airlines/air-france-klm-group/joon/launched-joon-the-new-low-cost-airline-with-a-new-generation-travel-experience/
  22. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/276119/route-rundown-cdg-ika-sin-txl-fra-uio/?highlight=cairo
  23. ^ Queen Alia International Airport
  24. ^ Jordan Aviation
  25. ^ http://www.jordanaviation.jo/booking/DESTINATIONS.aspx
  26. ^ a b "Nile Air Schedules Domestic Egypt Service Launch in July 2016". Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Cairo International Airport". cairo-airport.com. 
  28. ^ http://rj.com/en/news/title/3848.html
  29. ^ http://tarcoair.co Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ " - 2018 ". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  31. ^ "Schedule Tue 01 Sep 2015". Yemenia Airways. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  32. ^ https://www.flightstats.com/go/FlightStatus/flightStatusByFlight.do?id=938611415&airline=AF&flightNumber=6740&departureDate=2017-11-01
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Cargo Schedule". Ethiopian Airlines. 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  36. ^ "Martinair Cargo". Martinair. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  37. ^ "Winter Schedule 2012/13" (PDF). Turkish Airlines Cargo. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2013. 
  38. ^ Cairo Airport Company (2010): "Limousine Information". Official Brochure
  39. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  40. ^ "SU-AJG Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  41. ^ "The Most Improved Airports". 1 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  42. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Africa". Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 

External links

Media related to Cairo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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