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Airport Cologne/Bonn (Germany) - Wahn

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Cologne Bonn Airport

Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
ServesCologne, Bonn and region
LocationCologne and Troisdorf, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates50°5157N 007°0834E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°5157N 007°0834E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
Location of airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passenger change 17-184.6%
Aircraft movements144.204
Movements change 17-182.0%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn Konrad Adenauer, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, former capital of West Germany. With around 12.4 million passengers passing through it in 2017, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[2] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[3] It is named after Konrad Adenauer, a Cologne native and the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines as well as a focus city for several leisure and low-cost airlines. It is also a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[4]


Early years

In 1913, the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.[citation needed]

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport (as RAF Wahn). A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) in 1986 as the location for their European hub.[citation needed]

In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened.

Development in the 2000s

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[5]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de JaneiroGaleão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[6]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[7] In December 2014, Lufthansa announced it would base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[8] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[9] In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all long-haul operations from Cologne consisting of four Airbus A330 aircraft to Düsseldorf Airport by late October 2018 leaving the airport without any long-haul passenger routes again.[10]


Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1

The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings, which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[11] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2

Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, and operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000. It is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. As part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is currently seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Ryanair and Iran Air.[11] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level. The terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.[12]

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[13]

Air Arabia Maroc Nador
Alitalia MilanLinate
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Blue Air Bucharest, Iai
British Airways Seasonal: LondonGatwick
Corendon Airlines[14] Antalya
Seasonal: Adana (begins 26 May 2020), Ankara (begins 22 May 2020), Bodrum (begins 23 May 2020), Dalaman (begins 22 May 2020),[15] Edremit (begins 23 May 2020), Gazipaa, Izmir, Kayseri (begins 26 May 2020), Trabzon (begins 24 May 2020)[14]
Corendon Airlines Europe[14] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
easyJet BerlinTegel
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki
Eurowings[16] Barcelona, Bari, BerlinTegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Edinburgh, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Klagenfurt, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, LondonHeathrow, MilanMalpensa, Munich, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Pristina, RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur (begins 16 January 2020),[17] Athens, Bastia, Bodrum, Brindisi, Burgas (begins 30 June 2020),[18] Cagliari, Calvi, Corfu, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Málaga (begins 3 May 2020),[19] Menorca, Monastir, Mykonos, Nice, Olbia, Osijek, Palermo, Pisa, Porto Santo (begins 9 May 2020),[20] Pula, ReykjavíkKeflávik, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, StockholmArlanda, Tangier, TenerifeSouth, Tirana, Trieste,[21] Varna, Verona, Zadar
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Holiday Europe Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[22] Marsa Alam,[22] Sharm El Sheikh[22]
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
Jet2.com[23] Seasonal: Manchester
Lufthansa Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Bodrum,[24] Izmir
Pobeda MoscowVnukovo
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bristol, Copenhagen, Dublin, Gran Canaria, Katowice, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Olsztyn-Mazury, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Riga, RomeCiampino, Seville, Sofia, Treviso, Valencia, Vitoria, WarsawModlin
Seasonal: Aqaba, Corfu, Knock, Zadar
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman, Kayseri
SunExpress Deutschland Hurghada
Seasonal: Ankara, Burgas, Dalaman, Enfidha, Kayseri, Marsa Alam, OrduGiresun, Trabzon, Varna
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TUI fly Deutschland Antalya, Barcelona, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Sal, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 5 May 2020),[25] Heraklion, Kos, Málaga (begins 5 June 2020),[25] Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Wizz Air[26] Craiova, Gdask, Katowice, KievZhuliany, Kutaisi (begins 1 July 2020),[27] Skopje, Tuzla, Varna, Vienna

Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx Express and UPS Airlines.

ATRAN MoscowVnukovo
Cargojet Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton (ON)
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo,[28] Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo[29]
FedEx Express Athens, Indianapolis, Memphis, Munich, ShanghaiPudong, Tel AvivBen Gurion
FedEx Feeder ParisCharles de Gaulle
MNG Airlines IstanbulAtatürk, Leipzig/Halle, ParisCharles de Gaulle[30]
Turkish Cargo IstanbulAtatürk
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Budapest, Bucharest, Cardiff, ChicagoO'Hare, Cork, DubaiInternational, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Geneva, Helsinki, Hong Kong, IstanbulAtatürk, Katowice, LondonStansted, Louisville, Lyon, Madrid, Malmö, Marseille, MoscowVnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, OsloGardermoen, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Porto, Prague, ReykjavíkKeflávik, RomeCiampino, ShanghaiPudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, StockholmArlanda, Sofia, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Timisoara, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, WarsawChopin


Passengers and freight
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 5,705,819 134,950 443,040
2002 5,375,126 125,307 494,331
2003 7,758,655 139,872 518,493
2004 8,332,961 136,927 605,069
2005 9,452,185 140,775 636,887
2006 9,904,236 139,096 685,563
2007 10,471,657 138,837 704,649
2008 10,342,931 128,713 578,161
2009 9,739,581 120,675 552,363
2010 9,849,779 121,011 656,120
2011 9,623,398 117,715 742,372
2012 9,280,070 125,335 751,183
2013 9,077,346 120,385 739,569
2014 9,450,493 123,241 754,356
2015 10,338,375 128,616 757,717
2016 11,910,138 136,905 786,407
2017 12,384,223 141,338 838,526
2018 12,945,341 144,204 859,396
Source: ADV German Airports Association[31]
Busiest routes
Busiest domestic routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Berlin-Tegel 1,232,847 Easyjet, Eurowings
2 Munich 988,723 Eurowings, Lufthansa
3 Hamburg 486,034 Eurowings
4 Berlin-Schönefeld 428,703 Ryanair
5 Dresden 144,067 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[32]

Busiest European routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Palma de Mallorca 916,478 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Laudamotion, Ryanair, Small Planet Airlines (Germany), TUI fly Deutschland
2 London-Stansted 415,573 Eurowings, Ryanair
3 Vienna 343,465 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 Istanbul-Atatürk 275,390 Turkish Airlines
5 Barcelona 245,315 Eurowings, Ryanair
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[32]

Busiest intercontinental routes (2017) (excl. European part of Turkey)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Antalya 417,544 AtlasGlobal, Condor Flugdienst, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, TUI fly Deutschland
2 Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 258,082 AtlasGlobal, Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Izmir 138,699 Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress
4 Hurghada 90,067 AlMasria Universal Airlines, Nesma Airlines, SunExpress Deutschland, TUI fly Deutschland
5 Punta Cana 85,141 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[32]

Ground transportation


Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the CologneFrankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S 13 as well as regional train line RE 6 connects the airport station with Minden (Westf), via Cologne Main Station, Neuss Main Station and Düsseldorf Main Station with an hourly frequency. RB 27 also stops here and continue to Cologne and Mönchengladbach or Bonn-Beuel and Koblenz.


The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[33]


Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[33] On 28 October 2015, a new coach terminal opened and is used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.

See also


  1. ^ https://www.adv.aero/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12.2018-ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  5. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  6. ^ "United Airlines Airline Tickets, Travel Deals and Flights". www.continental.com. Archived from the original on 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  8. ^ UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa 'Wings' Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. 14 March 2015.
  10. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings moves A330 from Cologne to Düsseldorf" Archived 14 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine (German) 1 February 2018
  11. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Prayer Room Airport Cologne / Bonn". Architizer. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations - Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b c "Flights". corendonairlines.com.
  15. ^ "Ticket Dalaman". corendonairlines.com.
  16. ^ "Eurowings flight plan". eurowings.com. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Eurowings adds Cologne Arvidsjaur service in 1Q20". Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  18. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings adds Cologne Bourgas seasonal service in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  19. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings S20 Short-Haul network additions as of 18OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings adds Cologne Porto Santo service from May 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  21. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings files additional short-haul routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  22. ^ a b c "Flight". fti.de.
  23. ^ "Timetable". jet2.com.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pegasus schedules new Bodrum Germany routes in 3Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  25. ^ a b Liu, Jim (1 November 2019). "TUIfly S20 network additions as of 31OCT19". Routesonline.
  26. ^ "Welcome to the world of opportunity! - Wizz Air". wizzair.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  28. ^ "EGYPTAIR CARGO". www.egyptair-cargo.com.
  29. ^ https://www.stattimes.com/egyptair-cargo-launches-freighter-operation-to-johannesburg-from-colognebonn
  30. ^ "MNG AIRLINES - SERVICES". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  31. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  32. ^ a b c "(German)" (PDF). destatis.de. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  33. ^ a b "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External links

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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