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Airport Dusseldorf (Germany) - International

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  (Redirected from Düsseldorf International Airport)
Düsseldorf Airport
Flughafen Düsseldorf
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Düsseldorf GmbH
Serves Düsseldorf, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 44.8 m / 147 ft
Coordinates 51°1722N 006°4600E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667Coordinates: 51°1722N 006°4600E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667
Website dus.com
Map
DUS
Location in North Rhine-Westphalia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05L/23R 2,700 8,859 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 23,521,919
Passenger change 1516 4.7%
Aircraft movements 217,575
Movements change 1516 3.5%
Sources: Flughafenverband ADV[2]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUSICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.

Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt and Munich[4] handling 23.5 million passengers in 2016. It is a hub for Air Berlin and Eurowings and has Lufthansa's only long-haul route (to Newark) outside of its hubs in Frankfurt and Munich. The airport features three passenger terminals and two runways and is able to handle wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380.[5]

Overview

Usage

Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world.[6] The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.

With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010,[4] the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 23rd busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.[4]

Ownership

Düsseldorf Airport is a publicprivate partnership with the following owners:

  • 50% city of Düsseldorf
  • 50% Airport Partners GmbH (Ownership of Airport Partners GmbH: 40% AviAlliance GmbH, 40% Aer Rianta International cpt, 20% AviC GmbH & Co. KGaA)

History

Early years

The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.

After the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to the RAF Northolt.

In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.

In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport making it number two in Germany.

By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.

Düsseldorf Airport fire

On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which is the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area. Insufficient structural fire protection allowed the fire and especially the smoke to spread fast, so these destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.

Seventeen people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.

In November 1997, Terminal C was completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.

Development since the 2000s

The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.

The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third-biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost (East Building) was reopened.

In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.

On 12 November 2006, the first Airbus A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a Lufthansa promotional flight.

In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.[7]

In January 2015, Emirates announced it will schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015.[8] In May 2015, the airport finished construction of the new facilities needed to handle the A380, including a parking position with three jet-bridges, widened taxiways and new ground handling equipment.[5]

In June 2015, Lufthansa announced the closure its long-haul base at Düsseldorf Airport for economic reasons by October 2015. The base consisted of two Airbus A340-300s which served Newark and Chicago. Newark remained a year-round service which is operated in a W-pattern from Munich Airport (Munich - Newark - Düsseldorf - Newark - Munich) while the Chicago service was suspended for the winter 2015/2016 season.[9] A few months later, Lufthansa announced the cancellation of the Düsseldorf-Chicago route.[10] The same route has been served by American Airlines during the summer seasons from 2013[11] to 2016, when it was discontinued.[12]

In January 2017, the airport's largest hub operator Air Berlin announced a massive downsizing of its operations due to restructuring measures. While some leisure routes are handed to Niki more than a dozen destinations will be cancelled entirely.[13]

Facilities

Terminals

Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.

Terminal A

Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire. Oneworld carrier Cathay Pacific also uses Terminal A. From 21 July 2016, Singapore Airlines begins to use Terminal A.

Terminal B

Terminal B was originally inaugurated in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01B11) used for domestic and EU-flights by a few Star Alliance members such as Aegean Airlines, but mainly by SkyTeam and Oneworld members like Air Berlin, Alitalia, British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within this terminal are leisure carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.

Terminal C

Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines (except Turkish Airlines). These are long-haul flights among others by Air Berlin, Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years. Terminal C features the airport's only parking position equipped with three jet-bridges to handle the Airbus A380.[8]

Executive Terminal

Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.

Runways and apron

Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000-metre (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.

Airport City

Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel[14] and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Düsseldorf Airport:[15]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Kalamata, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg
Air Berlin Barcelona, BerlinTegel, Bologna, Cancún, ChicagoO'Hare (begins 2 May 2018),[16] Copenhagen, Curaçao, Florence, Fort Myers, Geneva, Hamburg, Havana, Los Angeles, Miami, MilanLinate, Munich, New YorkJFK, Nice, Nuremberg, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, ReykjavikKeflavik, RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, San Francisco, Stuttgart, Sylt, TorontoPearson (begins 1 May 2018),[17] Varadero, Venice, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston (ends 30 September 2017)[18], Catania, Naples, Olbia
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air China BeijingCapital
Air France Bordeaux (begins 30 October 2017)[19]
Air France
operated by HOP!
Bordeaux (begins 1 November 2017),[19] Nantes, ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Seychelles Mahé (ends 10 September 2017)[20]
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
airBaltic Riga
Alitalia MilanLinate, RomeFiumicino
All Nippon Airways TokyoNarita
Astra Airlines Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki[21]
AtlasGlobal IstanbulAtatürk
Seasonal charter: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Graz, Linz, Vienna
Azur Air (Germany) Charter: Antalya, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Punta Cana, Rhodes
BMI Regional Bristol
British Airways LondonHeathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
LondonCity
British Airways
operated by SUN-AIR
Billund
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Condor Djerba, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Marrakesh (begins 10 November 2017), TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Agadir, Antalya, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kavala, Kos, La Palma, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Porto Santo, Rhodes, Samos (begins 1 May 2018),[22] Santorini, Skiathos
Seasonal charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum
Corendon Airlines Antalya
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Emirates DubaiInternational
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Alicante, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bastia, BerlinTegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bucharest, Budapest, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Kavala, Kraków, La Palma (begins 4 November 2017),[23] Lanzarote, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, LondonHeathrow, Lyon, Manchester, MilanMalpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, Pula,[24] RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, Split, StockholmArlanda, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki, Valencia, WarsawChopin, Wrocaw, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb (begins 31 October 2017),[23] Zakynthos, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Dubrovnik, Ibiza, Izmir, Jersey, Kütahya, Lamezia Terme, Málaga, Menorca, Montpellier, Newquay, Olbia, Porto, Rijeka, Rhodes, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Tivat, Varna, Zadar
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Birmingham, Budapest, Edinburgh, Funchal (begins 29 October 2017),[25] Glasgow, Innsbruck (begins 3 December 2017),[23] Marrakesh (begins 4 November 2017)[23]
Seasonal: Dublin, Heringsdorf
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Agadir (begins 29 October 2017),[23] Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Fès (begins 5 November 2017),[23][26] Bucharest, Budapest, Dresden, Glasgow, Leipzig/Halle
Seasonal: Dublin
Eurowings
operated by SunExpress Deutschland
Barcelona, Budapest, Dresden
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford (begins 29 October 2017),[27] LondonCity, Manchester, Southampton
Seasonal: Cardiff, Guernsey, Jersey
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Ercan, IstanbulAtatürk, Izmir
Germania Beirut, Erbil, Paphos, Pristina, Sulaymaniyah, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Seasonal: Almería, Faro (begins 2 May 2018),[28] Funchal (begins 1 May 2018),[29] Gazipaa, Hurghada, Kittilä, Marrakech, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 13 November 2017),[30] Zonguldak
Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam, Porto Santo
Hahn Air Luxembourg
Iberia Madrid
Iraqi Airways Erbil
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford (ends 27 October 2017)[31]
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich, Newark
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt
Mahan Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica
Nesma Airlines Charter: Hurghada
Niki Agadir (begins 7 November 2017), Alicante, Faro, Corfu, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Lanzarote, Funchal, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Innsbruck (begins 8 December 2017)[32]
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Alicante, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Barcelona, Málaga
Nouvelair Enfidha
Onur Air IstanbulAtatürk
Seasonal: Antalya
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri
Seasonal: Antalya
Royal Air Maroc Seasonal: Nador
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus Airlines
MoscowDomodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk[33]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by CityJet
Copenhagen
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Ordu-Giresun
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Gaziantep, Gazipaa, Gran Canaria, Kayseri, Lanzarote, Marrakech, Trabzon
Seasonal: Bodrum, Burgas, Dalaman, Marsa Alam, Heraklion, Nador, Rhodes, Salalah, Samsun, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Portugal
operated by TAP Express
Lisbon
TUI fly Deutschland Antalya, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil
Vueling Barcelona
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík

Statistics

Passenger and freight
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 16.03 million 194,016 59,361
2001 15.40 million 193,514 51,441
2002 14.75 million 190,300 46,085
2003 14.30 million 186,159 48,419
2004 15.26 million 200,584 86,267
2005 15.51 million 200,619 88,058
2006 16.59 million 215,481 97,000
2007 17.83 million 227,899 89,281
2008 18.15 million 228,531 90,100
2009 17.79 million 214,024 76,916
2010 18.98 million 215,540 87,995
2011 20.39 million 221,668 81,521
2012 20.80 million 210,298 86,820
2013 21.23 million 210,828 110,814
2014 21.85 million 210,732 114,180
2015 22.48 million 210,208 90,862
2016 23.52 million 217,575 93,689
Source: ADV[34], Düsseldorf Airport[35]
Busiest routes
Busiest domestic and international routes
to and from Düsseldorf Airport (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers handled
1 Munich 1,526,964
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,161,993
3 Berlin 1,113,415
4 London 923,346
5 Antalya 908,497
6 Vienna 791,867
7 Istanbul 777,310
8 Zürich 740,036
9 Hamburg 602,987
10 Moscow 498,877
11 Paris 478,889
12 Dubai 434,439
13 Frankfurt 385,343
14 Copenhagen 378,848
15 Madrid 376,146
16 Barcelona 359,032
17 Milan 315,752
18 Gran Canaria 311,909
19 Abu Dhabi 297,904
20 Fuerteventura 294,522
Source: Destatis[36]
Largest airlines
Largest airlines by passengers handled
at Düsseldorf Airport (2016)
Rank Airline Passengers handled
1 Air Berlin 7,5m
2 Germanwings/Eurowings 4,9m
3 Lufthansa 1,3m
4 Condor 925,000
5 SunExpress 785,000
Source: Düsseldorf Airport[37]

Ground transportation

Train

Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The airport's railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.

A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the parking areas and the passenger terminals and also serves as an inter-terminal connection.

Road

The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which is part of the motorway A44 (Belgium Kassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.[38]

Other facilities

  • Düsseldorf Airport has the headquarters of Air Berlin's technical training facilities and also serves as one of their maintenance bases.[39]
  • When LTU International existed, its head office was in Halle 8 at Düsseldorf Airport.[40]
  • The corporate head office of Blue Wings was also located in Terminal A at the airport.[41][42]

See also

  • Transport in Germany
  • Weeze Airport, an airport 80 km (50 mi) north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside of Germany.

References

  1. ^ Flybe Announces Opening of First European Base in Dusseldorf 21 November 2016
  2. ^ "ADV Monthly Traffic Report 12/2016" (PDF). Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. 
  5. ^ a b "Flughafen Düsseldorf schließt Bauarbeiten für A380 ab". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "Geo". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Willkommen bei der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf". Duesseldorf. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Emirates fliegt Düsseldorf bald mit einem Airbus A380 an". airliners.de. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  9. ^ aero.de - "Lufthansa dissolves Düsseldorf long-haul base" (German) 29 June 2015
  10. ^ airlineroute.net - Lufthansa Cancels Dusseldorf Chicago Flights in S16 2 November 2015
  11. ^ "American Airlines fliegt ab April täglich von Düsseldorf nach Chicago". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  12. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "American adds new International routes in S17". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  13. ^ https://flights.airberlin.com/de-DE/die-neue-airberlin#streckennetz
  14. ^ Hotel Düsseldorf. "Maritim Hotel Düsseldorf". Maritim Hotels Website. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "Find Flights". dus.com. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  16. ^ http://www.aerotelegraph.com/air-berlin-fliegt-neu-nach-kanada
  17. ^ http://www.aerotelegraph.com/air-berlin-fliegt-neu-nach-kanada
  18. ^ https://thepointsguy.com/2017/08/air-berlin-ending-long-haul-routes/
  19. ^ a b http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273691/hop-adds-new-german-routes-from-sep-2017/
  20. ^ https://www.airseychelles.com/en-za/about-us/news/2017/07/air-seychelles-adjust-its-european-network
  21. ^ Routesonline.com "Astra Airlines outlines S17 German charters" 8 April 2017
  22. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273286/condor-s18-new-short-haul-routes-as-of-12jun17/
  23. ^ a b c d e f https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/new-routes.html
  24. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Eurowings S17 planned new routes as of 01SEP16". Retrieved 11 December 2016. 
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272701/eurowings-new-w17-routes-as-of-04may17/
  26. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html
  27. ^ Flybe announces new route to Dusseldorf from Leeds Bradford Airport. Press Release Leeds Bradford Airport. 1 June 2017
  28. ^ https://www.flygermania.com/en-gb/
  29. ^ https://www.flygermania.com/en-gb/
  30. ^ "Book cheap flights". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  31. ^ jet2.com - Timetable retrieved 15 August 2017
  32. ^ touristik aktuell: "Niki: Winterflüge für Skifahrer" (German source)
  33. ^ http://eng.tolmachevo.ru/passengers/information/schedule/?airport=3936&DepartureDate=&ArrivalDate=&setFilter=Y
  34. ^ "ADV Monthly Traffic Report". 
  35. ^ "Düsseldorf Airport facts and figures". 
  36. ^ "Route Statistics Statistisches Bundesamt.". 
  37. ^ "Facts and Figures Düsseldorf Airport.". 
  38. ^ "Passengers". dus-com1. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  39. ^ "airberlin technik airberlin technical training in Dusseldorf". Airberlin-technik.com. 
  40. ^ "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
  41. ^ "Contact." Blue Wings. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG Duesseldorf Airport Terminal A 5. OG 40474 Duesseldorf, Germany"
  42. ^ "Welcome to Blue Wings." Blue Wings. 27 March 2009. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG . Düsseldorf Airport . Terminal A . D-40474 Düsseldorf . Germany"

External links

Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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