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Airport Dallas (USA) - Fort Worth

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Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Cities of Dallas and Fort Worth
Operator DFW Airport Board
Serves DallasFort Worth metroplex
Location
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 607 ft / 185 m
Coordinates 32°5349N 097°0217W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W / 32.89694; -97.03806Coordinates: 32°5349N 097°0217W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W / 32.89694; -97.03806
Website dfwairport.com
Maps

FAA airport diagram
DFW
Location within Texas
DFW
DFW (the US)
DFW
DFW (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13L/31R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
13R/31L 9,301 2,834 Concrete
17C/35C 13,401 4,085 Concrete
17L/35R 8,500 2,590 Concrete
17R/35L 13,401 4,085 Concrete
18L/36R 13,400 4,085 Concrete
18R/36L 13,400 4,085 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 67,092,194
Aircraft operations 654,344
Economic impact (2016) $37 billion[1]
Social impact (2012) 157 thousand[2]
Sources: Airports Council International,[3] Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport[4]

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is the primary international airport serving the DallasFort Worth metroplex area in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the largest hub for American Airlines, which is headquartered near the airport. 2017 was a record year for DFW, as the airport served 67,092,194 passengers.[5]

It is the fourth busiest airport in the world[3] by aircraft movements and the twelfth busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in 2017. It is the busiest airport in the state of Texas by both passenger enplanements and by aircraft movements (takeoffs and landings).[6] It is the ninth busiest international gateway in the United States and second busiest in Texas.[7] With nearly 900 daily flights, American Airlines at DFW is the second largest airline hub in the world and the United States, behind Delta's Atlanta hub.

At 17,207 acres (6,963 hectares; 27 square miles), DFW is larger than the island of Manhattan, and is the second largest airport by land area in the United States, after Denver International Airport.[8]

Located roughly halfway between the major cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, DFW spills across portions of Dallas and Tarrant counties, and includes portions of the cities of Irving, Euless, Grapevine and Coppell.[6] It has its own post office ZIP code and United States Postal Service city designation ("DFW Airport, TX"), as well as its own police, fire protection and emergency medical services.[9] The members of the airport's board of directors are appointed by the "owner cities" of Dallas and Fort Worth, with a non-voting member chosen from the airport's four neighboring cities on a rotating basis.

As of June 2018, DFW Airport has service to 233 destinations, including 57 international and 176 domestic destinations within the U.S.[10] In surpassing 200 destinations, DFW joined a small group of airports worldwide with that distinction.[11]

History

Planning

As early as 1927, before the area had an airport, Dallas proposed a joint airport with Fort Worth. Fort Worth declined the offer and thus each city opened its own airport, Love Field and Meacham Field, each of which had scheduled airline service.

In 1940 the Civil Aeronautics Administration earmarked $1.9 million for the construction of a Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport. American Airlines and Braniff Airways struck a deal with the city of Arlington to build an airport there, but the governments of Dallas and Fort Worth disagreed over its construction and the project was abandoned in 1942. After World War II, Fort Worth annexed the site and developed it into Amon Carter Field[12] with the help of American Airlines. In 1953 Fort Worth transferred its commercial flights from Meacham Field to the new airport, which was 12 miles (19 km) from Dallas Love Field. In 1960 Fort Worth purchased Amon Carter Field and renamed it Greater Southwest International Airport GSW in an attempt to compete with Dallas' airport, but GSW's traffic continued to decline relative to Dallas Love Field. By the mid-1960s Fort Worth was getting 1% of Texas air traffic while Dallas was getting 49%, which led to the virtual abandonment of GSW.

The joint airport proposal was revisited in 1961 after the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) refused to invest more money in separate Dallas and Fort Worth airports. Although the Fort Worth airport was eventually abandoned, Dallas Love Field became congested and had no more room to expand. Following an order from the federal government in 1964 that it would unilaterally choose a site if the cities could not come to an agreement, officials from the two cities finally agreed on a location for a new regional airport that was north of the abandoned GSW and almost equidistant from the two city centers. The land was purchased by the cities in 1966 and construction began in 1969.

Voters went to the polls in cities throughout the Dallas/Ft Worth area to approve the new North Texas Regional Airport, which was named after the North Texas Commission that was instrumental in the regional airport coming to fruition. The North Texas Commission formed the North Texas Airport Commission to oversee the planning and construction of the giant airport. Area voters approved the airport referendum and the new North Texas Regional Airport would become a reality.[13]

Under the original 1967 airport design, DFW was to have pier-shaped terminals perpendicular to a central highway. In 1968, the design was revised to provide for semicircular terminals, which served to isolate loading and unloading areas from the central highway, and to provide additional room for parking in the middle of each semicircle.[14] The plan proposed thirteen such terminals, but only four were built initially.[15][16]

Opening and operations

DFW held an open house and dedication ceremony on September 2023, 1973, which included the first landing of a supersonic Concorde in the United States, an Air France aircraft en route from Caracas to Paris.[14] The attendees at the airport's dedication included former Texas Governor John Connally, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen and Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe.[17] The airport opened for commercial service as Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport on January 13, 1974, at a cost of $700 million. The first flight to land was American Airlines Flight 341 from New York, which had stopped in Memphis and Little Rock.[18] The name change to Dallas/Fort Worth International did not occur until 1985.

When it opened, DFW had four terminals, numbered 2W, 2E, 3E and 4E.[15] During its first year of operations, the airport was served by American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Ozark Air Lines, Rio Airways and Texas International Airlines.[19] The Wright Amendment of 1979 banned long distance flights into Love Field,[20] leaving Southwest Airlines as Love Field's only jet airline and operating solely as an intrastate air carrier in the state of Texas.[21]

Braniff International Airways was a major operator at DFW in the airport's early years, operating a hub from Terminal 2W with international flights to South America and Mexico from 1974, London from 1978 and Europe and Asia from 1979, before ceasing all operations in 1982.[22] During the Braniff hub era, DFW was one of only four U.S. airports to have scheduled Concorde service; Braniff commenced scheduled Concorde service from Dallas to Washington from 1979 to 1980, using British Airways and Air France aircraft temporarily re-registered to Braniff while flying within the United States. British Airways later briefly flew Concorde to Dallas in 1988 as a substitute for its ordinarily scheduled DC-10 service.[14]

Following airline deregulation, American Airlines (which had already been one of the largest carriers serving the Dallas/Fort Worth area for many years) established its first hub at DFW on June 11, 1981.[23] American finished moving its headquarters from Grand Prairie, Texas to a building in Fort Worth located on the site of the old Greater Southwest Airport, near DFW Airport on January 17, 1983; the airline began leasing the facility from the airport, which owns the facility.[24] By 1984, the American hub occupied most of Terminal 3E and part of Terminal 2E.[25] American's hub grew to fill all of Terminal 2E by 1991.[26] American also began long-haul international service from DFW, adding flights to London in 1982 and Tokyo in 1987.[27]

Delta Air Lines also built up a hub operation at DFW, which occupied most of Terminal 4E through the 1990s.[25][26] The Delta hub peaked around 1991, when Delta had a 35% market share at DFW; its share was halved by 2004, after many of its mainline routes were downgraded to more frequent regional jet service in 2003.[28] Delta closed its DFW hub in 2004 in a restructuring of the airline to avoid bankruptcy, cutting its DFW operation to only 21 flights a day from over 250 and redeploying aircraft to hubs in Cincinnati, Atlanta and Salt Lake City. Prior to the closure, Delta had a 17.3% market share at DFW.[29] After the closing of Delta's hub, DFW offered incentives to Southwest Airlines to relocate its service to DFW from Love Field, but Southwest, as in the past, chose to stay at Love Field.

DFW has been a hub for Braniff International Airways, Braniff 2, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines and Texas International Airlines.

In 1989 the airport authority announced plans to rebuild the existing terminals and add two runways. After an environmental impact study was released the following year, the cities of Irving, Euless and Grapevine sued the airport over its extension plans, a battle that was finally decided (in favor of the airport) by the US Supreme Court in 1994. The seventh runway opened in 1996. The four primary northsouth runways (those closest to the terminals) were all lengthened from 11,388 feet (3,471 m) to their present length of 13,400 feet (4,084 m). The first, 17R/35L, was extended in 1996 (at the same time the new runway was constructed) and the other three (17C/35C, 18L/36R and 18R/36L) were extended in 2005. DFW is now the only airport in the world with 4 serviceable paved runways longer than 4,000 metres (13,123 ft).

Terminal D, built for international flights, and DFW Skylink, a modern bidirectional people mover system, opened in 2005.[30][31]

From 2004 to 2012, DFW was one of two US Army "Personnel Assistance Points" which received US troops returning from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for rest and recuperation. This ended on March 14, 2012 and HartsfieldJackson Atlanta International Airport became the sole Personnel Assistance Point.[32]

Airports Council International (ACI) named DFW Airport the best large airport with more than 40 million passengers in North America for passenger satisfaction in 2016.[33]

DFW airport is the only airport in the world to have a full functioning Emergency Room on airport grounds. It opened in the spring of 2018.

Terminals

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport has five terminals and 165 gates.[34] The airport is designed with expansion in mind and can theoretically accommodate up to thirteen terminals and 260 gates, although this level of expansion is unlikely to be reached in the foreseeable future. The first four terminals were designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum and Brodsky, Hopf & Adler.[35]

The terminals at DFW are semicircular (except for the newest terminal, Terminal D, which is a "square U" shape) and built around the airport's central northsouth arterial road, International Parkway. Until the late 1990s, they were designated by a number (2 being northernmost, 4 being southernmost) and a letter suffix ("E" for East, "W" for West). This system was later scrapped and the terminals are now lettered from A to E. Terminals A, C, and E (from north to south) are on the east side of the airport, while Terminals B and D (from north to south) are on the west side.

DFW's terminals are designed to minimize the distance between a passenger's car and airplane, and to reduce traffic around terminals. A consequence of this layout is that connecting passengers had to walk extremely long distances between gates (in order to walk from one end of the semicircular concourse to the other, one must walk the entire length; there were no shortcuts or moving walkways between the ends). The original people mover train (Airtrans APM, later the American Airlines TrAAin) was notoriously slow (17 mph (27 km/h)), uni-directional (running only in a counter-clockwise direction) and was located outside the secured area (thus requiring travelers to go through security again). It was replaced by Skylink in April 2005, after serving approximately 250 million passengers.[36] Skylink serves all five terminals at a considerably higher speed (up to 35 mph (56 km/h)), is bi-directional, and is located inside the secured area.[31]

DFW Airport tentatively completed a $2.7 billion[37] "Terminal Renewal and Improvement Program" (TRIP), which encompassed renovations of three of the original four terminals (A, B, and E). Work on the project began following the conclusion of Super Bowl XLV in February 2011. Terminal A was the first terminal to undergo these renovations which were completed in January 2017 at a cost of about $1 billion.[38] This was followed by the completion of Terminal E in August 2017 and Terminal B in December 2017. While Terminal C was originally part of the multibillion-dollar renovations, American Airlines in 2014 asked to delay renovations of the terminal. Currently the fate of Terminal C is uncertain with the possible construction of the future Terminal F and American Airlines' need for gate space.[39] The airport has also completed a $2.8 million renovation of Terminal D to accommodate the double-deck Airbus A380.[40][41]

Terminal A

Terminal A (originally named "Terminal 2E") is fully occupied by American Airlines for domestic flights and some international departures.[42] Prior to the opening of Terminal D, Terminal A operated most of American Airlines' international flights at the airport.

A satellite terminal (formerly named Satellite Terminal A2) near Terminal A was used due to gate restraints. Passengers were taken to the satellite via shuttle buses from gate A6. Satellite Terminal A2 (gates A2AA2N) was abandoned in 2005 when all American Eagle flights were consolidated into Terminals B and D. It now serves as a Corporate Aviation terminal for private and corporate aircraft, reopening in December 2010.[43]

Terminal A is used primarily for American's Airbus A321, and Boeing 737 and 757 operations, although the terminal has gates capable of handling aircraft of sizes up to a Boeing 777. An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at gate A24.

As of January 2017 renovations in Terminal A are now completed.[44]

Terminal A has 26 gates: A8A29 and A33-39.[45]

Terminal B

This terminal was called "Terminal 2W" when the airport was opened. It was occupied by Braniff International Airways, which was the largest carrier to open DFW in 1974. Braniff was its main occupant until May 1982. The Inter-Faith Chapel near United's former gates commemorates the airline. By the early 1990s, Terminal 2W housed most carriers other than American and Delta.[46] Prior to the opening of Terminal D, all foreign flag carriers operated from this terminal. AirTran Airways, Frontier Airlines, Midwest Airlines, and US Airways (including the former America West Airlines) relocated to Terminal E in 2006. On December 13, 2009, United moved to Terminal E to join its new alliance (and later merger) partner Continental, at which point American Eagle became the sole operator in Terminal B. An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at gate B3.

Along with the TRIP improvements, a new 10-gate stinger concourse off of Terminal B was constructed between gates B28 and B33 to accommodate growth.[47] The stinger concourse makes Terminal B the largest terminal at DFW in terms of number of gates.

Terminal B has 47 gates: B1B3 (FIS optional), B4B12, B14-B22, B24-B29, B30B39 (north stinger), and B40B49.[10]

Terminal C

American Airlines operates all the gates at Terminal C, originally called "Terminal 3E", for only domestic flights. This terminal houses American's MD-80s, some 767s, and their A319s. An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at gate C20. The Hyatt Regency DFW Airport hotel is directly adjacent to this terminal.[48] A twin hotel building stood across International Parkway but was demolished for the construction of Terminal D.[49]

Terminal C has not started their TRIP Improvements. DFW Airport CEO Sean Donohue has been in talks with American about the future of Terminal C. They will either destroy it once the future Terminal F is finished, or renovate and keep it for other carriers to use so American and other airlines do not have to give up gate space.[50]

Terminal C has 28 gates: C2C4, C6C8, C10C12, C14C17, C19C22, C24, C26-C31, C33, C35-C37, and C39.[45]

Terminal D (International)

International Terminal D is a 2,000,000 sq ft (186,000 m2) facility capable of handling 32,000 passengers daily or 11.7 million passengers annually. The terminal features 200 ticketing positions and a federal inspection facility capable of processing 2,800 passengers per hour. The concession areas consist of 100,000 sq ft (9,290 m2) of retail, including many dining and retail options. The terminal officially opened on July 23, 2005.[51]

The eight-level parking garage has over 8,100 parking spaces and uses a Smart Technology System that lets guests know which floors are full. Air-conditioned skybridges with moving walkways and elevators connect the garage to the terminal, and an arrivals canopy roof shields pedestrians from inclement weather as they enter and exit the terminal.

The 298-room Grand Hyatt DFW Hotel is directly connected to the terminal. In addition, Terminal D hosts a Minute Suites hotel located inside security.[52]

An American Airlines Admirals Club is located at gate D24. A British Airways Lounge, a Korean Air Lounge, a Lufthansa Lounge, and a Qantas Business Lounge is located at gate D21. An American Express Centurion Lounge is located at gate D17.

On April 3, 2014, DFW Airport CEO Sean Donohue announced that Emirates Airlines would upgrade their service from the Boeing 777-200LR to the Airbus A380 from October 1, 2014.[53][54] However, due to low passenger demand, Emirates temporarily reverted to the 777 in February 2016, with plans to re-upgrade to the A380 in September. However, Emirates never switched back to the A380 following that, continuing flights with a 777-300ER.[55]

On May 7, 2014, Qantas announced an upgrade to A380 service beginning September 29, 2014,[56] and the Airport announced that gates 15 and 16 were being renovated to accommodate the A380 in anticipation of the new service.[56][57] Terminal D had been designed with the A380 in mind;[57] however, loading the double-deck aircraft requires three gates with a separate jet bridge to serve first class and business class passengers on the upper level, so the renovations included the addition of gate 16X.[41] On September 29, 2014, a Qantas A380sporting a commemorative cowboy hat and bandana on the Kangaroo tail logoinaugurated service at the remodeled gates.[41][58] Qantas Flights 7 and 8 continue to use A380s and remain the longest non-stop flights to and from DFW Airport.

Terminal D has 28 gates: D5 (bus gate), D6-D8, D10D12, D14, D15D16D16X (A380-capable gates), D17D18, D20D25, D27D31, D33D34, and D36D40.[45]

Terminal E

Terminal E, originally called Terminal 4E, was occupied primarily by Delta Air Lines until Delta closed its hub in 2005 and retained only flights to its other hubs. Delta branded the terminal "Easy Street" and marketed this term to passengers.[59] Today, the terminal is used by all U.S.-based carriers at the airport other than Sun Country, and by Air Canada Express and WestJet USCBP precleared flights from Canada. Terminal E was formerly the only terminal at DFW in which American Airlines had no presence, but this changed after their merger with US Airways, when they combined gates.

The terminal previously had customs facilities that were used when Delta operated flights to Frankfurt in the early 1990s, and when Air France and Aeroméxico used to serve DFW before the International Terminal D was constructed. In the 2000s, SkyTeam partner airlines Continental and Northwest moved to gates adjacent to Delta.

Terminal E is connected to the other terminals by Skylink, but lacks a walkway to the other terminals. An interfaith chapel is located at gate E4, a Delta Sky Club is located at gate E11, and a United Club is located between gates E6 and E7.

Terminal renovations were completed in August 2017.[60]

Terminal E has 36 gates: E2, E4E18, E20E21, E22E30 (satellite terminal), and E31E38.[45]

Satellite Terminal

Terminal E is distinctive in that it has a satellite terminal connected by an underground walkway. The satellite, opened in 1988 to accommodate Delta and was later used by Delta Connection carriers before being closed when Delta closed their DFW hub in 2005. It was briefly used in 2009 to house federal workers who evacuated New Orleans International Airport during Hurricane Gustav. It was refurbished and reopened in 2013 to house US Airways and Spirit Airlines while Terminal E was renovated.[61][62]

In April 2018, DFW Airport and American Airlines announced a $20 million renovation to the terminal, converting 9 existing mainline gates to 15 regional gates, along with updating interior fixtures such as carpet, elevators, escalators and moving walkways. American plans to have renovations completed and be fully moved into the terminal in Spring 2019.[63]

Terminal F (future)

A sixth terminal, to be known as Terminal F, would be located directly south of Terminal D and across International Parkway from Terminal E, in the Express South parking lot. The Skylink was designed and built to accommodate Terminal F,[64] as the track follows a roughly semicircular path over the parking lot, similar to its path through the other terminals, instead of running in a straight line between Terminals D and E; with straight sections that are long enough to allow for station platforms. DFW Airport CEO Sean Donohue has said that Terminal F "will likely be in our future," as the airport anticipates "serving almost 70 million customers annually by the end of the decade from the 60 million we serve today."[65] Donohue also stated that planning would begin in 2015.[66]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City [67]
Air Canada Express MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson, Vancouver [68]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma [69]
American Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Aruba (begins December 22, 2018),[70] Austin, Baltimore, BeijingCapital, Belize City, Bogotá, Boise, Boston, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Buffalo (begins December 19, 2018),[71] Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), ColumbusGlenn, Cozumel, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Fresno, Grand Cayman, Grand Rapids, Greenville/Spartanburg, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, HoustonIntercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kahului, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Lima, Little Rock, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Managua, Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, New Orleans, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Quito (ends August 21, 2018),[72] Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Roatan, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Salvador, Santa Barbara, Santiago de Chile, São PauloGuarulhos, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Spokane, Tampa, TokyoNarita, TorontoPearson, Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, WashingtonDulles, WashingtonNational, West Palm Beach, Wichita
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Anchorage, Bozeman, Eagle/Vail, Fort Walton Beach, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, KailuaKona, Lubbock, Montrose, Nassau, Pensacola, Providenciales, Punta Cana, ReykjavíkKeflávik, Rio de JaneiroGaleão, RomeFiumicino
[73]
American Eagle Abilene, Aguascalientes, Albuquerque, Alexandria, Amarillo, Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Billings, Birmingham (AL), Bismarck, Bloomington/Normal, Boise, Bozeman, Brownsville, Calgary, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Champaign/Urbana, Charleston (SC), Chattanooga, Chihuahua, Cincinnati, College Station, Colorado Springs, Columbia (MO), Corpus Christi, Dayton, Del Rio (begins November 4, 2018),[74] Des Moines, Durango (CO), El Paso, Evansville, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Smith, Fort Walton Beach, Fort Wayne, Garden City, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Hattiesburg/Laurel (MS), HoustonHobby, HoustonIntercontinental, Huntsville, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville, Jackson Hole, Joplin, Kansas City, Killeen/Fort Hood, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Laredo, Lawton, León/Del Bajío, Lexington, Little Rock, Longview, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Manhattan (KS), McAllen, Memphis, Meridian (MS), Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Missoula, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Monterrey, Montgomery, MontrealTrudeau, Montrose, Morelia, New Orleans, Oaxaca (begins December 19, 2018),[75] Oklahoma City, Omaha, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Peoria, Puebla, Querétaro, Rapid City, Roswell, San Angelo, San Luis Potosí, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Shreveport, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South Bend, Springfield (IL), Springfield/Branson, Stillwater, St. Louis, Tallahassee, Texarkana, TorontoPearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tulsa, Tyler, Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls, Wilmington (NC), Zacatecas
Seasonal: Asheville, Aspen, Eagle/Vail, Flagstaff, Key West, Mazatlán, Myrtle Beach, Sarasota (begins December 19, 2018),[74] Traverse City
[73]
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador [76]
Boutique Air Carlsbad (NM), Clovis (NM), Greenville (MS) [77]
British Airways LondonHeathrow [78]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit
[79]
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, New YorkLaGuardia, Salt Lake City [79]
Emirates DubaiInternational [80]
Frontier Airlines Denver
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Philadelphia
[81]
Icelandair ReykjavíkKeflavík [82]
Interjet Mexico City [83]
Japan Airlines TokyoNarita [84]
JetBlue Airways Boston [85]
Korean Air SeoulIncheon [86]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [87]
Qantas Sydney [88]
Qatar Airways Doha [89]
Southern Airways Express El Dorado (AR), Harrison (AR), Hot Springs [90]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Cancún, ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, New YorkLaGuardia, Oakland (ends September 4, 2018), Orlando, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, Pittsburgh (ends September 5, 2018), San Diego (ends September 5, 2018), San José del Cabo, Tampa
Seasonal: Boston (ends September 5, 2018), Cleveland, Myrtle Beach, Seattle/Tacoma (ends September 4, 2018)
[91]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Cancún, Cozumel, Fort Myers (begins October 3, 2018),[92] Las Vegas, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Tampa (begins October 5, 2018)[92]
Charter: Laughlin/Bullhead City
[93]
Texas Sky Airlines Victoria (TX) (ends October 31, 2018) [94]
United Airlines ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: Los Angeles
[95]
United Express ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, WashingtonDulles [95]
Vacation Express Seasonal: Cozumel, Freeport, Montego Bay, Punta Cana [96]
Volaris Guadalajara [97]
WOW air Seasonal: ReykjavíkKeflavík [98]
Cargo
AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, ChicagoO'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, MoscowSheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Anchorage, BeijingCapital, New YorkJFK, ShanghaiPudong
Amazon Air Allentown/Bethlehem, Cincinnati, Ontario, Sacramento
Ameriflight Amarillo, Brownwood, Cincinnati, Clinton (OK), Lubbock, Nashville, Oklahoma City, Pampa, PhoenixSky Harbor, San Angelo, San Antonio, Smyrna (TN), Tulsa, Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls
Asiana Cargo Atlanta, ChicagoO'Hare, Seattle/Tacoma
ASL Airlines Belgium Atlanta, Liège
Cargojet Hamilton, Mexico City, TorontoPearson
Cargolux ChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
Cargolux Italia MilanMalpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles
Centurion Air Cargo Miami, San Juan
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, ChicagoO'Hare, ShanghaiPudong, TaipeiTaoyuan
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, El Paso, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Empire Airlines Lubbock
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, ChicagoO'Hare,[99] Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma, TaipeiTaoyuan
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, PhoenixSky Harbor, Seattle/Tacoma
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Mexico City
Martinaire Abilene, Addison, Lubbock, Oklahoma City, Shreveport, Tyler
Nippon Cargo Airlines Anchorage, ChicagoO'Hare, TokyoNarita
Qantas Freight BeijingCapital, Chongqing
Qatar Airways Cargo[100][101] Doha, Liège, Luxembourg
Singapore Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Brussels, ChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
UPS Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Chicago/Rockford, Columbia (SC), Kuala LumpurInternational, Los Angeles, Louisville, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orlando, Portland (OR), San Jose (CA), Spokane
Seasonal: Hartford, Minneapolis/St. Paul

Ground transportation

Within airport
  • The people mover system, named Skylink, connects all five terminals on the airside. Completely automated, Skylink trains run every two minutes,[102] and travel at speeds up to 35 mph (56 km/h). Skylink is double-tracked, allowing bi-directional operations. It was opened to the public on May 21, 2005 and at the time was the world's largest high-speed airport train system.
  • Terminal Link connects all terminals with a shuttle bus system on the non-secure side.[103]
Freeways and roads

The DFW Airport area is served by International Parkway (partially State Highway 97 Spur), which runs through the center of the airport, connecting to Airport Freeway (State Highway 183) on the southern side of the airport and John W. Carpenter Freeway (State Highway 114) on the northern side. International Parkway continues north of State Highway 114, carrying the State Highway 121 designation for a short while until its interchange with the Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway (I-635), where State Highway 121 continues north as the Sam Rayburn Tollway.

Bus
Rail

Statistics

Top destinations
Busiest domestic routes from Dallas/Fort Worth
(March 2017 February 2018)
[107]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 1,085,000 American, Delta, Spirit, United
2 ChicagoO'Hare, Illinois 1,048,000 American, Spirit, United
3 Atlanta, Georgia 865,000 American, Delta, Spirit
4 Denver, Colorado 826,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, United
5 New YorkLaGuardia, New York 735,000 American, Delta, Spirit
6 Las Vegas, Nevada 714,000 American, Spirit
7 PhoenixSky Harbor, Arizona 654,000 American, Spirit
8 San Francisco, California 650,000 American, United
9 Orlando, Florida 598,000 American, Spirit
10 Charlotte, North Carolina 598,000 American
Busiest international routes from DFW (Jan. 2014 Dec. 2014)[108]
Rank Airport Passengers Change
2013/2014
Carriers
1 Cancún, Mexico 682,977 06.7% Aeromexico, American, Spirit, Sun Country
2 LondonHeathrow, England, United Kingdom 655,590 02.8% American, British Airways
3 Mexico City, Mexico 476,167 09.9% Aeromexico, American
4 TokyoNarita, Japan 305,321 06.4% American, Japan Airlines.
5 Frankfurt, Germany 269,442 03.8% American, Lufthansa
6 Monterrey, Mexico 246,804 00.3% American
7 SeoulIncheon, South Korea 245,514 019.1% American, Korean Air
8 San José del Cabo, Mexico 240,412 01.9% American, Spirit
9 TorontoPearson, Canada 221,385 07.6% Air Canada, American
10 Vancouver, Canada 200,460 08.2% American
Airline market share
Largest airlines at DFW (Dec 2016 Nov 2017)[109]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 37,789,000 68.47%
2 Mesa Airlines 4,313,000 7.81%
3 Envoy Air 4,233,000 7.67%
4 Spirit Airlines 2,270,000 4.11%
5 United Airlines 1,472,000 2.67%
Annual traffic
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at DFW, 1982 through 2017[4]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1982 24,699,184 1992 51,981,267 2002 52,829,750 2012 58,590,633
1983 26,501,498 1993 49,654,730 2003 53,252,205 2013 60,436,739
1984 32,231,758 1994 52,642,225 2004 59,446,078 2014 63,522,823
1985 37,486,864 1995 56,490,845 2005 59,176,265 2015 65,512,163
1986 43,406,078 1996 58,034,503 2006 60,226,829 2016 65,670,697
1987 41,976,452 1997 60,488,713 2007 59,786,476 2017 67,092,194
1988 44,230,889 1998 60,313,000 2008 57,093,187
1989 47,579,823 1999 60,112,998 2009 56,030,457
1990 48,515,464 2000 60,687,181 2010 56,905,600
1991 48,174,344 2001 55,141,763 2011 57,806,918

Other facilities

The facility at 1639 West 23rd Street is located on the airport property and in the City of Grapevine.[110][111][112] Tenants include China Airlines,[113] Lufthansa Cargo,[114] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[115]

The DFW Airport Department of Public Safety provides the airport with its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.[116]

The DFW International Airport headquarters is located nearby at 2400 Aviation Drive, DFW Airport, TX 75261.[117]

Founders' Plaza

In 1995, the airport opened Founders' Plaza, an observation park dedicated to the founders of DFW Airport. The site offered a panoramic view of the south end of the airport and hosted several significant events, including an employee memorial the day after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the airport's 30th anniversary celebration in 2004.[118] As part of the perimeter taxiway project, Founders' Plaza was closed in 2007 and moved to a new location surrounding a 50-foot (15 m)-tall beacon on the north side of the airport in 2008. The 6-acre (2.4 ha) plaza features a granite monument and sculpture, post-mounted binoculars, piped-in voices of air traffic controllers and shade pavilions. In 2010, a memorial honoring Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was dedicated at the plaza.[119]

Accidents and incidents

  • August 2, 1985: Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 on a Fort LauderdaleDallas/Fort WorthLos Angeles route, crashed near the north end of runway 17R (now 17C) after encountering a severe microburst on final approach; the crash killed 8 of 11 crew members, 128 of 152 passengers on board and one person on the ground.
  • March 24, 1987: The pilot of a Metroflight Convair CV-580, registration number N73107, operating for American Eagle Airlines on a commuter flight bound for Longview, Texas, lost directional control during a crosswind takeoff. The left-hand wing and propeller struck the runway and the nose landing gear collapsed as the craft slid off the runway and onto an adjacent taxiway; 8 passengers and 3 crew aboard the airliner suffered minor or no injuries. The crash was attributed to the pilot's decision to disregard wind information and take off in weather conditions that exceeded the rated capabilities of the aircraft; the pilot's "overconfidence in [his/her] personal ability" was cited as a contributing factor in the accident report.[120][121]
  • May 21, 1988: An American Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N136AA, operating as AA Flight 70 bound for Frankfurt, overran runway 35L after automatic warning signals prompted the flight crew to attempt a rejected takeoff; the jetliner continued to accelerate for several seconds before slowing, and did not stop until it had run 1,100 feet (335 m) past the runway threshold, collapsing the nose landing gear. 2 crew were seriously injured and the remaining 12 crew and 240 passengers escaped safely; the aircraft was severely damaged and was written off. Investigators attributed the overrun to a shortcoming in the design standards that were used when the DC-10 was built; there had been no requirement to test whether partially worn (as opposed to brand-new) brake pads were capable of stopping the aircraft during a rejected takeoff and 8 of the 10 worn pad sets on N136AA had failed.[122][123]
  • August 31, 1988: Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727 bound to Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City, Utah, crashed after takeoff from Dallas/Fort Worth Airport, killing 2 of 7 crew members and 12 of 101 passengers on board.
  • April 14, 1993: The pilot of American Airlines Flight 102, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N139AA, lost directional control during a crosswind landing in rainy conditions and caused the jetliner to slide off runway 17L after arriving from Honolulu, Hawaii. The craft dug into deep mud alongside the runway, collapsing the nose landing gear and tearing off the left-hand engine and much of the left wing. A fire in the left-hand wheel well was rapidly extinguished by firefighters who arrived almost immediately from the nearby DFW/DPS Fire Station. 2 passengers suffered serious injuries while using the evacuation slides to escape from the steeply tilted fuselage; the remaining 187 passengers and all 13 crew evacuated in relative safety, but the aircraft was a total loss.[124][125][126]
  • May 23, 2001: The right main landing gear of an American Airlines Fokker 100, registration number N1419D, operating as AA Flight 1107, collapsed upon landing on runway 17C after a scheduled flight from Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. The pilot was able to maintain directional control and bring the aircraft to a stop on the runway. The incident was attributed to metal fatigue caused by a manufacturing flaw in the right main gear's outer cylinder; there were no serious injuries to the 88 passengers or 4 crew, but the aircraft was written off.[127][128]

In popular culture

In Home Alone, Kate McCallister travels through Dallas/Fort Worth from Paris on her way to Chicago.[129]

In The Mountain Goats' song "Color in Your Cheeks", Dallas/Fort Worth is mentioned as the landing place of a woman from Taipei, the first of the song's many unnamed protagonists who seek refuge in Texas. However, DFW is not, as the album title suggests, in West Texas.[130]

In David Bazan's song "Won't Let Go", Dallas/Fort Worth is mentioned as his landing place.[131]

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External links


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