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Airport Dublin (Ireland) - Bhaile Átha Cliath

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dublin Airport
Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Ireland
Operator DAA
Serves Dublin, Ireland
Location Collinstown,[1] Fingal, Ireland
Opened 19 January 1940 (1940-01-19)[1]
Hub for Aer Lingus
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 242 ft / 74 m
Coordinates 53°2517N 006°1612W / 53.42139°N 6.27000°W / 53.42139; -6.27000Coordinates: 53°2517N 006°1612W / 53.42139°N 6.27000°W / 53.42139; -6.27000
Website www.dublinairport.com
Location within Ireland
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,637 8,652 Asphalt
16/34 2,072 6,798 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 27,907,384
Passenger change 1516 11.4%
Aircraft movements 207,517
Movements change 1516 8.5%

Dublin Airport, (Irish: Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath) (IATA: DUBICAO: EIDW), is an international airport serving Dublin, the capital city of Ireland. It is operated by DAA (formerly Dublin Airport Authority).[5] The airport is located 5.4 nmi (10.0 km; 6.2 mi) north[2] of Dublin in Collinstown, Fingal. In 2016, 27.9 million passengers passed through the airport, making it the airport's busiest year on record.[6] It is the 15th busiest airport in Europe, and is also the busiest of the state's airports by total passenger traffic. It has the greatest traffic levels on the island of Ireland, followed by Belfast International Airport, County Antrim.

The airport has an extensive short and medium haul network, served by an array of carriers, as well as a significant long-haul network focused on North America and the Middle East. It serves as the headquarters of Ireland's flag carrier Aer Lingus, regional airline Stobart Air, Europe's largest low-cost carrier Ryanair, and ASL Airlines Ireland, together with another two airlines, CityJet and Norwegian Air International.[7]

United States border preclearance services are available at the airport for U.S.-bound passengers. Shannon Airport is the only other airport in Europe to offer this facility.


The beginnings in the 1930s and 1940s

In 1936 the Executive Council of the Irish Free State established a new civil airline, Aer Lingus, which began operating from the military aerodrome, Casement Aerodrome, at Baldonnel to the southwest of Dublin. A decision was made that a civil airport should replace Baldonnel as Dublin's airport. The townlands of Collinstown, Rock and Corballis in the Barony of Coolock were selected as the location for the new civil aerodrome. Collinstown's first association with aviation was as a British military air base during World War I. The site at Collinstown had originally been selected as a base for the British Royal Flying Corps in 1917 and by April 1918, when the Flying Corps was renamed the Royal Air Force, the base at Collinstown was more than 20% complete. Construction of the military airport was completed in 1919, and at the end of 1922 the land and buildings at Collinstown were transferred to the Irish Free State. The airfield quickly fell into disrepair and grass grew on the former runways.

Work on the new airport began in 1937. By the end of 1939, a grass airfield surface, internal roads, car parks and electrical power and lighting were set up. The inaugural flight from Dublin took place on 19 January 1940 to Liverpool. In August 1938, work began on a new airport terminal building. The terminal building was designed by architect Desmond FitzGerald, brother of politician Garret FitzGerald.[8] FitzGerald, who had designed an airport terminal as part of his college studies, led a team of architects that also included Kevin Barry, Daithí Hanley, Charles Aliaga Kelly, Dermot O'Toole and Harry Robson. The terminal building opened in early 1941, with its design heavily influenced by the tiered structure of the luxury ocean liners of the time. The terminal was awarded the Triennial Gold Medal of the Royal Hibernian Institute of Architects in 1942 and is today a listed building.

Due to World War II, which was known as The Emergency in the Irish Free State, services were severely restricted at Dublin Airport until late 1945. The only international scheduled route operated during this time was by Aer Lingus to Liverpool (and for a period to Manchester's Barton Aerodrome). The end of the war meant the beginning of a major expansion in services at the airport. Aer Lingus resumed its London service to Croydon in November 1945. In 1947, KLM started the first European flights to Dublin with a service to Amsterdam. Three new concrete runways were completed in 1948, and in 1950 - after ten years in operation - the airport had welcomed a total of 920,000 passengers.[9]

Expanding in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s

Throughout the 1950s Dublin Airport expanded with virtually uninterrupted traffic growth. Runway extensions and terminal enhancements were carried out to deal with the influx of traffic and passengers. New airlines began serving the airport also. These included British European Airways, Sabena, and BKS.

In 1958, a new transatlantic service was started by Aer Lingus via Shannon Airport. By the mid 1950s, it was clear that the original terminal building was too small to cope with growing passenger numbers. A new North Terminal was opened in June 1959. Originally, the plan was that North Terminal would handle all US and European flights, but instead it became the arrivals terminal for all Dublin Airport passengers, while the original passenger terminal was used for departures.[9]

During the 1960s, the number of scheduled carriers continued to grow and aircraft continued to evolve with technological advancement. By the close of the 1960s, a sizeable number of Boeing 737s, BAC One-Elevens, Boeing 707s and Hawker Siddeley Tridents were using the airport regularly. To cope with larger aircraft in the late 1960s new departure gate piers were added close to the old terminal to cope with larger aircraft.[9] These piers would subsequently be connected to Terminal 1. During 1969, the airport handled 1,737,151 passengers.

The advent of wide-body aircraft posed opportunities and challenges for aviation. In 1971, Aer Lingus took delivery of two new Boeing 747 aircraft; the first one arrived in March and, shortly afterwards, performed a flyover above O'Connell Street in Dublin on Saint Patrick's Day; a third Boeing 747 was delivered later that decade. To cope with this, a new £10 million passenger terminal capable of handling six million passengers per year, which became known as Terminal 1, was opened in June 1972.[9] The growth which was anticipated at Dublin's airport (and provided for through heavy investment by the airport and Aer Lingus) during the 1970s did not materialise immediately.

Continuing in the 1980s and 1990s

In 1983 Aer Lingus opened its 'Aer Lingus Commuter' division which took delivery of Shorts, Saab AB and Fokker turboprop aircraft to open regular daily domestic services to and from Ireland's smaller regional airports for the first time, as well as to serve existing routes to smaller regional airports in the United Kingdom. At various stages of its operations, flights were operated to several Irish regional airports to feed passengers into Aer Lingus's international network. These domestic destinations included Cork Airport, Shannon Airport, Kerry Airport, Galway Airport, Ireland West Airport Knock, Waterford Airport, Sligo Airport and City of Derry Airport. Aer Lingus Commuter has since been re-absorbed into the main company. The domestic routes, with the exception of Dublin-Shannon, were taken over by Aer Arann. Most of these routes have since been discontinued as the development of the motorway network in Ireland has resulted in significant reductions in travelling time by road. Aer Lingus has continued with the remaining DublinUK flights.

During the 1980s, major competition, especially on the DublinLondon routes, resulted in passenger numbers swelling to 5.1 million in 1989. In the same year a new 8,650 ft (2,640 m) runway and a state-of-the-art air traffic control centre were opened. Dublin Airport continued to expand rapidly in the 1990s. Pier A, which had been the first extension to the old terminal building, was significantly extended. A new Pier C, complete with air bridges, was built and as soon as this was completed, work commenced to extend it to double its capacity. The ground floor of the original terminal building was returned to passenger service after many years to provide additional departure gates. Pier D, completed in October 2007, is a dedicated low-fares boarding area and provides 14 quick turn-around stands and departure gates; these are not served by air bridges.

The Bilateral Air Transport Agreement

In 1993, a major milestone for the airport was the signing of a new United States Ireland bilateral agreement which allowed airlines to operate some direct transatlantic services for the first time to/from Dublin Airport instead of touching down en route at Shannon Airport on the west coast of Ireland. (Shannon had once been a major transatlantic refuelling stop for pre-jet aircraft, and this agreement was designed to protect the interests of the Shannon region when modern jets no longer required a refuelling stop and Shannon saw a fall-off in traffic.) Airlines still had to provide an equal number of flights either to or through Shannon as to Dublin. A gradual further watering down of Shannon's so-called 'stopover' status came into effect in November 2006 when more direct flights to Dublin were allowed. The stopover requirement disappeared completely in 2008. At that time, airlines were allowed to fly direct to the US from Dublin without having to match these with any to/from Shannon. It was expected that this would result in a huge increase in services between Dublin and the US and Aer Lingus has identified 16 destinations that it would like to serve directly from Dublin.

Recent history

With the success of Ireland's 'Celtic Tiger' economy, Dublin Airport saw growth in the 1990s and 2000s. This demand was driven by an increased demand for business travel to and from the country, together with an increase in inward tourism and a surge in demand for foreign holidays and city breaks from the Irish.[10]

Finally, the demand from Ireland's migrant workers, principally those from Eastern Europe, has resulted in a large number of new routes opening to destinations in the European Union accession states. Ireland was one of only three European Union countries (as well as the United Kingdom and Sweden) to open its borders freely to workers from the ten accession states that joined the European Union in 2004.

The airport saw significant declines in traffic in 2009 and 2010, although since 2011 the airport has seen an increase in traffic. During 2012, this increase continued with passenger numbers growing by 1.9%. During 2013, passenger numbers at Dublin Airport were above the 20 million mark for the first time since 2009 with a 5.6% increase year on year. During 2014, this positive trend continued with an 8% increase over 2013. As of early December 2015, passenger figures have increased by 16% compared to 2014, and the previous record of 23.46 million passengers set in 2008 has already been passed.[11]

Long-haul traffic

22 intercontinental routes to North America, Africa and the Middle East operate from Dublin Airport.[12] In 2007, Etihad Airways opened a flight between Dublin Airport and Abu Dhabi with 14 flights weekly in operation, with some interruptions, since March 2010. In addition, Emirates have operated a direct connection to Dubai since January 2012. In total, there are 17 destinations in North America connected directly to Dublin Airport by Aer Lingus, Air Canada Rouge, American Airlines, Delta, United Airlines, Norwegian and Ethiopian Airlines. WestJet and AirTransat also operate seasonal routes to the Canadian cities of Montréal, Toronto and St. John's.[12] In 2015 Ethiopian Airlines opened the first direct link between Dublin and Africa,[1] excluding holiday services to Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

From June 2018, Hong Kong's flag carrier Cathay Pacific will launch 4 weekly direct flights from Dublin to Hong Kong, making it Ireland's first ever direct link to the Far East.

Open Skies and the Shannon Stopover

In the mid twentieth century, the Irish government introduced a rule stating that all air traffic between Ireland and the United States must transit through Shannon Airport. In return, the United States government placed a limit of four airports in the US that Aer Lingus could operate to. On 22 March 2007, the Open skies agreement between the US and EU was ratified. This resulted in the immediate cancellation of the long-running 'Shannon Stopover' requirement, whereby the Irish government had insisted that 50% of all transatlantic flights between Ireland and the United States must pass through Shannon Airport.[13]

US border preclearance

Dublin Airport is one of only two airports in Europe with United States border preclearance services for US-bound passengers (the other being Shannon Airport). It allows passengers to have their paperwork dealt with before departure saving time upon arrival in the United States.[14]

Aer Rianta and DAA/Dublin Airport Authority

In October 2004, Aer Rianta (which is the Irish for 'Air Ways' or 'Air Tracks') was renamed Dublin Airport Authority plc, a result of the State Airports Act 2004. All assets and liabilities previously owned by Aer Rianta were transferred to Dublin Airport Authority. The State Airports Act 2004 also established new airport authorities at Shannon and Cork Airports. The Shannon Airport Authority and the Cork Airport Authority had separate boards of directors and were authorised under the Act to prepare business plans, which may have in time lead to their full separation from the Dublin Airport Authority. Following a decision by the Irish Government, Shannon Airport became a separate publicly owned airport on 31 December 2012.

In July 2013, the Dublin Airport Authority was officially renamed "DAA plc" by the Irish Government. The rename was principally to remove the "Dublin" and "Authority" elements of the name which were seen to have little relevance to the overall functions of DAA.[15] The name change announced in July 2013 took effect on 6 November 2014.[16]

As the largest gateway to Ireland, over 25 million passengers travelled through the airport in 2015, a 15% increase over the previous year.[17] The main contributors to the growth in traffic in 2015 were the 23 new routes launched during the year and extra capacity on 40 existing services. Both long-haul and short-haul traffic increased by 15% in 2015. A record 8.9 million people travelled between Dublin Airport and Britain during 2015, which was a 14% increase on the previous year.[17] Dublin Airport also welcomes more than one million passengers per annum from Northern Ireland and is a key international gateway for overseas visitors to Northern Ireland.,[18] whose largest airport is less than a quarter the size of Dublin in terms of passenger numbers.

Passenger terminals

Terminal 1

The current Terminal 1 building opened in 1972 was designed to handle five million passengers per year. The original design included a second pier which would have been identical to the current decagon-shaped boarding Pier B, but this was never built. A car park was originally located on the upper floor of the building and the access ramps are still in place but it was closed for security reasons in the 1970s and converted into offices. Terminal 1 has been regularly extended and improved over the last two decades. In October 2007, a new pier designed by Larry Oltmanns, while design director of the London office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill,[19] who also designed graphics for its interior, was opened to the north of terminal 1.[20] This pier caters for the majority of Ryanair flights. In 2009, a new extension featuring new food and retail outlets was added to the side of Terminal 1. Terminal 1 is currently home to all short haul flights, except those of Aer Lingus. Air Canada Rouge, WestJet, Air Transat, Etihad and Ethiopian Airlines are the sole long haul operators based out of Terminal 1, with WestJet and Air Transat only operating seasonal services. As of 2016, Terminal 1 offers free Wi-Fi access.[21] Pier C was demolished during the construction of Terminal 2.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is a 75,000 m2 (810,000 sq ft) terminal and pier (Pier E) which provides aircraft parking for 27 narrow body aircraft through 19 departure gates which can handle up to 15 million passengers annually. The project was designed by Pascall+Watson architects and the total cost was 600 million. Aer Lingus is the main carrier operating at terminal 2 and since its opening have developed a hub at Dublin primarily for traffic traveling between Europe and the United States. Terminal 2 is now the transatlantic gateway for flights to the United States as it features a US pre-clearance immigration facility which was previously housed in terminal 1.

Construction of Terminal 2 began on 1 October 2007, and it was officially opened on 19 November 2010 by the then Taoiseach Brian Cowen T.D. The intended purpose of terminal 2 was to house all long-haul carriers in addition to Aer Lingus however significant growth in US traffic has resulted in most long haul carriers flying outside the United States remaining in terminal 1. During the design of terminal 2 provisions were made for an expanded check in hall and additional pier (Pier F) to cater for future growth. Currently Aer Lingus, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Norwegian and United Airlines operate from terminal 2.[22]

Safety and security

DAA has its own branch of the Airport Police Service which is mandated to provide aviation and general policing at the airport. The Airport Police Station is centrally located on the Arrivals road between Terminals 1 and 2. The airport also has its own Airport Fire and Rescue Service which provides cover to the entire campus, its roadways and lands.

The Office of the Revenue Commissioners provide a customs service to both passenger and cargo terminals, while the Department of Agriculture also has a presence in the airport. Garda Síochána (GNIB) provides an Immigration service for all international passengers arriving at the airport. The Gardaí also have a small sub-station located beside the old terminal.

In 2016 it was confirmed that armed Garda Regional Support Units (RSU) would be deployed overtly to patrol Dublin Airport and Dublin Port full-time on foot inside terminal buildings and via vehicles outside and surrounding the perimeter to counter the rising threat of terrorist attacks in Europe.[23] The decision was made as a direct result of the 2016 Brussels bombings in Belgium.[24]

Maintenance facilities

Aer Lingus, Ryanair, CityJet, Eirtech and Dublin Aerospace have aircraft maintenance hangars and facilities at Dublin Airport. In 2010 Etihad Airways announced a new maintenance hangar which will handle the Airbus A330-200 which the airline uses on their route from Abu Dhabi to Dublin. In time the airline will allow other airlines to use this facility.[25]

Airport developments

New air traffic control complex

Planning is currently under way for a new air traffic control complex and control tower which will replace the existing structure. The new facility has been designed by Scott Tallon Walker architects. A planning application was submitted in August 2009.[26] The new control tower will be 86.9 m (285 ft) in height. The new control tower is necessary because the construction of the future parallel runway will obstruct visibility of certain parts of the airport from the existing control tower.[27]

New runway

A new runway measuring 3,110 m (10,203 ft) is planned to be built parallel to the existing runway 10/28, which opened in 1989.[28] Planning permission for the runway was granted in August 2007, with 31 planning conditions attached.[29]

The new runway will replace runway 11/29 (which is no longer in use as a runway and is now used for aircraft parking) and will be built 1,690 m (5,545 ft) to the north of and parallel to the existing runway 10/28. The new runway will allow the airport to accommodate 30 million passengers per annum once in operation, and it will be 3,110 m (10,203 ft) long.[30] In March 2009 the DAA announced in a proposal for consultation that the new runway may be built to a length of 3,660 m (12,008 ft) following consultation with potential long-haul carriers. A runway of this length would allow direct flights from Dublin to the Far East.[31] The runway was expected to cost in the region of 300 million.

In the meantime, the company has invested heavily in extending aprons and creating rapid exit taxiways to derive maximum efficiency from the existing main runway. Runway 11/29, the shortest and one of the oldest runways, is closed to allow overspill aircraft parking. This runway will disappear under the new parallel runway in due course.

After a delay of several years due to the global financial crisis and predictions of falling consumer demand, it was announced in April 2016 that the new runway would start construction in 2017 and to be completed by 2020.[32][33]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens
Aer Lingus Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, BerlinTegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Boston, Brussels, Budapest, ChicagoO'Hare, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Lanzarote, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, MilanLinate, MilanMalpensa, Munich, New YorkJFK, Newark, Orlando, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, RomeFiumicino, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma (begins 18 May 2018),[34] TenerifeSouth, TorontoPearson, Venice, Verona, Vienna, WarsawChopin (ends 7 January 2018),[35] Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bologna, Burgas, Catania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, zmir, Marseille, Montpellier, Murcia, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Perpignan, Pisa, Pula, Santiago de Compostela, Split, Stuttgart, Toulouse
Seasonal charter: ReykjavíkKeflavík,[36] Rovaniemi,[36] Salzburg[36]
Aer Lingus
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Hartford, Philadelphia (begins 25 March 2018),[37] WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: Newark
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bristol, Donegal, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Isle of Man, Kerry, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newquay
Seasonal: Jersey, Rennes
Air Arabia Maroc Agadir[38]
Air Canada TorontoPearson[39]
Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau (begins 3 June 2018)[40]
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Vancouver
Air Europa Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca[41]
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air France
operated by CityJet
ParisCharles de Gaulle (ends 24 March 2018)[42]
Air France
operated by HOP!
ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chiinu
Air Transat Seasonal: TorontoPearson
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Reus,[41] Verona[43]
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, New YorkJFK
Arkia Seasonal: Tel AvivBen Gurion
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Halifax, ParisCharles de Gaulle
ASL Airlines Ireland Seasonal charter: Burgas,[44] Dubrovnik,[45] Faro,[46] Fuerteventura,[46] Funchal,[46] Menorca,[46] Naples,[47] Palma de Mallorca,[41] Reus,[41] Salzburg,[43] Verona[47]
Blue Air Bacu, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca
British Airways LondonHeathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal: Manchester (begins 18 May 2018)[48]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (begins 2 June 2018)[49]
CityJet LondonCity
Seasonal charter: Alghero,[46] Dubrovnik, Málaga,[46] Palma de Mallorca,[46] Reus[46]
Cobalt Air Larnaca
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Odense[50]
Delta Air Lines New YorkJFK
Seasonal: Atlanta, Boston
Emirates DubaiInternational
Ethiopian Airlines1 Addis Ababa, Los Angeles
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Düsseldorf
operated by Germanwings
operated by LGW
Seasonal: Düsseldorf
Finnair Helsinki
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Flybe Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Exeter, Southampton
operated by Stobart Air
FlyOne Chiinu[52]
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair ReykjavíkKeflavík (begins 8 May 2018)[53]
KLM Amsterdam
operated by CityJet
Amsterdam (ends 24 March 2018)
operated by KLM Cityhopper
operated by BMI Regional
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Seasonal charter: Faro[46]
Norwegian Air Shuttle OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Copenhagen, Helsinki, Newburgh, Providence
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, BerlinSchönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Bydgoszcz, Carcassonne, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdask, Glasgow, Gran Canaria, Hahn, Hamburg, Katowice, Kaunas, Kraków, Lanzarote, Leeds/Bradford, Lisbon, Liverpool, ód, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh (resumes 25 March 2018),[54] Memmingen, Munich,[54] Murcia, Naples,[54] Nantes, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paphos (begins 26 March 2018),[54] Pisa, Porto, Pozna, Prague, Riga, RomeCiampino, Rzeszów, Seville, Sofia, Stuttgart,[54] Szczecin, TenerifeSouth, Tours, Treviso, Valencia, Vilnius, WarsawModlin, Wrocaw
Seasonal: Almería, Athens, Bari, Bremen, Biarritz, Chania, Comiso, Girona, Grenoble, Ibiza, La Rochelle, Lublin, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Rodez, Salzburg, Santander, Tallinn, Turin, Vigo, Zadar
S7 Airlines Seasonal: MoscowDomodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by CityJet
Seasonal: OsloGardermoen[55]
SunExpress Seasonal charter: zmir[46]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Transavia France ParisOrly
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Lanzarote[46]
TUI Airways Seasonal charter: Burgas,[41] Cancún,[41] Chambéry (begins 23 December 2017),[56] Corfu,[41] Faro,[41] Gran Canaria,[41] Heraklion,[41] Ibiza,[41] Innsbruck,[56] Kos,[41] Lanzarote,[41] Palma de Mallorca,[41] Rhodes,[41] Rovaniemi,[57] TenerifeSouth,[41] Turin,[56] Zakynthos[41]
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: ChicagoO'Hare, WashingtonDulles
Vueling Barcelona
WestJet Seasonal: St. John's, TorontoPearson
WOW air ReykjavíkKeflavík

^1 Ethiopian Airlines has a fuel stop on its flights from Addis Ababa to TorontoPearson and WashingtonDulles via Dublin on outbound flights only, due to weight restrictions on departure from ADD. The airline has no rights to transport passengers solely between DUB and IAD or YYZ and thus does not carry passengers from Dublin on these flights.

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo ChicagoO'Hare,[58] ParisCharles de Gaulle[58]
ASL Airlines Belgium
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Bluebird Cargo ReykjavíkKeflavik[60]
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
East Midlands[61]
FedEx Express ParisCharles de Gaulle,[62] LondonStansted[62]
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Cologne/Bonn,[63] Shannon[63]
Woodgate Aviation East Midlands,[64] Isle of Man[64]


Passenger numbers

Passenger numbers at Dublin Airport increased every year during the 10 years between 1998 and 2008, by an average of 10.2% per annum from around 11.6 million to over 23.4 million. Passenger numbers fell however during the subsequent two years to around 18.4 million in 2010, with a small increase to 18.7 million in 2011[65] and 19.1 million in 2012,[66] then 2013 saw a significant increase of 5.6% to 20.2 million.[67] In 2014, passenger numbers increased by almost 8% to over 21.7 million.[68] Traffic growth of over 15% during 2015 resulted in passenger numbers exceeding 25 million for the first time. The previous record of 23.46 million (set in 2008) was exceeded during the first week of December 2015.[69]

Dublin Airport Passenger Totals 19982016 (millions)
Updated: 20 January 2016.
Year Passengers Passengers
YoY %
1998 11,641,100
1999 12,802,031 09.9
2000 13,843,528 08.1
2001 14,333,555 03.5
2002 15,084,667 05.2
2003 15,856,084 05.1
2004 17,138,373 08.1
2005 18,450,439 07.7
2006 21,196,382 014.9
2007 23,287,438 09.9
2008 23,466,711 00.8
2009 20,503,677 012.6
2010 18,431,064 010.1
2011 18,740,593 01.7
2012 19,099,649 01.9
2013 20,166,783 05.6
2014 21,711,967 07.7
2015 25,049,319 015.4
2016 27,907,384 011.4
19982001 Aer Rianta[70]
20022006 DAA[71]
20072011 DAA[72]
20122016 DAA[3]
Busiest routes
30 busiest international routes at Dublin Airport (2016)
Rank Airport Passengers
 % Change
1 LondonHeathrow 1,750,929 04.0
2 LondonGatwick 1,309,144 020.4
3 Manchester 981,951 013.8
4 Amsterdam 937,467 053.3
5 Birmingham 927,422 018.1
6 LondonStansted 915,087 04.0
7 ParisCharles de Gaulle 689,816 01.9
8 New YorkJFK 638,663 01.9
9 Edinburgh 597,420 010.5
10 Barcelona 558,350 019.2
11 Liverpool 545,088 062.0
12 Málaga 539,741 015.9
13 Madrid 537,661 013.9
14 Frankfurt 529,252 02.8
15 Glasgow 487,216 08.4
16 Faro 467,624 013.9
17 LondonCity 450,881 00.5
18 DubaiInternational 430,449 07.2
19 Brussels 402,339 010.5
20 ChicagoO'Hare 402,192 018.4
21 Bristol 393,187 04.0
22 LondonLuton 352,319 03.4
23 Boston 349,435 05.1
24 Lanzarote 329,157 07.4
25 Munich 296,803 010.3
26 Leeds/Bradford 295,930 03.5
27 Copenhagen 281,899 010.5
28 Abu Dhabi 269,120 014.7
29 TorontoPearson 261,177 01.7
30 Bergamo 255,165 05.1
Source: Central Statistics Office[73]

Ground transport

Dublin Airport is located just off the M1 and the M50 10 km (6.2 mi)[2] north from the city centre and 2 km (1.2 mi) south of the town of Swords. The airport is approximately 210 kilometres (130 mi) away from both Limerick and Galway and 266 kilometres (165 mi) from Cork. Belfast is around 158 kilometres (98 mi) away. Until the Metro North rail link to Dublin city centre is completed (see below), the public transport options to the city are taxis, buses and private transport. Passengers can however connect by bus or taxi to Dublin's railway stations.

Bus services

Dublin Airport is served by a large network of bus and coach routes, serving both the wider Dublin area and intercity links to the rest of Ireland.[74] More than 700 buses a day service Dublin Airport. In Dublin city, Dublin Bus is the main provider of transport to and from the airport operating Airlink Express routes 747 and 757 to the city centre terminus of Busáras and the railway stations of Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston, as well as to Merrion Square and Camden Street, respectively.[75] In addition, Dublin Bus runs local stopping services that serve such residential areas as Santry, Swords, Rathfarnham, Sutton, Malahide, Beaumont, Harold's Cross, Drumcondra and Portmarnock, with routes 16, 16c, 41, 41b and 102.

Aircoach offers a number of coach services from the Airport to the Dublin area, serving both the city centre and surrounding areas including Donnybrook, Leopardstown, Sandyford, Dalkey, Greystones. Bray, Blackrock, Dún Laoghaire Killiney and Sandymount.[76]

Dublin Coach links Dundrum and Red Cow Luas to Dublin Airport.[77]

At a national level, Bus Éireann offers a large number of routes from Dublin Airport to 18 destinations such as Galway, Wexford, Sligo, Donegal, Drogheda, Navan, Cork, Wicklow and Letterkenny.[78] Bus Éireann and Ulsterbus Goldline jointly offer cross-border bus services, namely X1/X2 to Belfast and 274/X33/X4 to Derry.

Citylink and Gobus offer services to Galway while Éirebus and JJ Kavanagh operate regular services to Limerick, Kilkenny and Waterford. Wexfordbus connects the airport with Wexford.


Taxis are available at Taxi Ranks located directly outside of Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.[79]


Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail) provide suburban and intercity railway services from Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston railway stations. There are direct regular bus services to both stations from the airport. Some city bus services serve Drumcondra suburban railway station, which is on the Connolly to Maynooth railway line while the 102 route connects Dublin Airport to Sutton DART station. Bus services to Busáras/Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston railway stations connect with the Luas Red Line.

Plans for rail link

For many years, it was expected that Iarnród Éireann, the state railway company, would extend the Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) with a spur off the Dublin to Belfast line that would serve the airport and Swords. These plans were replaced with plans for an underground metro line, which would run from the city centre to Swords via the airport. The route for the line, Metro North, was announced on 19 October 2006 and was designed to connect with several other modes of transport. On 12 August 2011, it was announced that the Metro North plan would be deferred indefinitely due to a lack of resources to fund the project.[80]

In September 2015, after several years of delays due to funding constraints in light of the economic crisis, it was announced that Metro North would finally proceed. The line would begin underground at St Stephen's Green, where an interchange would be possible with the Luas Green Line, providing a fast link to the airport from many suburbs in South Dublin. In the future, once the DART Underground project is constructed, a DART station will be built at St Stephen's Green, allowing seamless interchange from Metro North to the DART and Irish Rail network.

The second key station in the city centre will be on O'Connell Street, where the metro will interchange with the Luas Green Line. Metro North continues underground through Drumcondra, where another interchange with the Irish Rail network will be possible.

After resurfacing in the Glasnevin area, the line passes through Ballymun and Dardistown, and goes back underground just before the airport where a station will be located, and then resurfaces north of the airport and continues onwards to Swords.

The journey time from the City Centre to the airport will be 19 minutes.

Construction will begin in 2021, with the line scheduled to open in 2026 or 2027.

See also


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External links

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