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Sociedade Anônima
Traded asB3EMBR3
Ibovespa Component
IndustryAerospace, defense
FoundedAugust 19, 1969; 50 years ago (1969-08-19)
FounderOzires Silva
Area served
Key people
Paulo Cesar Silva (President & CEO)
Mauro Kern (Vice president)
Jackson Schneider (Vice president)
José Filippo (Vice president)[1][2]
ProductsBusiness, commercial, and military aircraft. Aircraft parts. Mission systems for air and ground operation
BrandsEMB, ERJ, Legacy, Lineage,
LR, Phenom
Revenue R$19.8 billion[3](2017)
R$2.74 billion[4] (2017)
Number of employees
19,116[5] (September 1, 2014)
DivisionsEmbraer Defense & Security
Embraer Commercial Aviation
Embraer Executive Jets
SubsidiariesNeiva, OGMA, Atech, Bradar, SAVIS

Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [mba]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft[6] and provides aeronautical services. It is headquartered in the city of São José dos Campos, São Paulo. The company is the third largest producer of civil aircraft, after Boeing and Airbus.[7]

Embraer and Boeing announced on 26 February 2019, the creation of a joint venture called Boeing Brasil Commercial, for the purpose of marketing the E-Jet and E-Jet E2 series of narrow-body short-to medium-range twin-engine jet airliners. Boeing will own 80% of the new company, while Embraer will own 20%. The merger comprises only the commercial division of the Brazilian company.[8]


Seeking to develop a domestic aircraft industry, the Brazilian government made several investments in the industry during the 1940s and 1950s.[9] However, it was not until 1969 that Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica (Embraer) was created as a government-owned corporation.[10] Its first president, Ozires Silva, was a government appointee, and the company initially produced a turboprop passenger aircraft, the Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante.[11]

Early growth

The Brazilian Government contributed to Embraer's early growth by providing production contracts.[12] The company sold solely to the domestic market until 1975.

While military aircraft made up the majority of Embraer's products during the 1970s, including the Embraer AT-26 Xavante and the Embraer EMB 312 Tucano,[citation needed] by 1985, it had debuted a regional airliner, the Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia.[13] Aimed at the export market, this plane was the first of Embraer's highly successful small airliners.[14]

License-built Pipers

In 1974, the company started to produce Piper Aircraft light planes under license.[15] Piper first put together knock-down kits in their US factory for Embraer to assemble and market in Brazil and Latin America.[citation needed] By 1978, most of the parts and components were being sourced locally.[15] Between 1974 and 2000, nearly 2,500 license-built Pipers were produced by Embraer.[15]

Acquisition of Aerotec

Aerotec was a design and manufacturing company founded in Brazil in 1962 under the auspices of the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (CTA) in Sao Jose dos Campos. Beginning in the late 1960s, the firm manufactured a two-seat trainer for the Brazilian Air Force, and the Aerotec Uirapuru. A small number were also built for the civilian market, and others were exported to other Latin American countries.

By 1980, Aerotec's main business was producing components for Embraer. However, around this time, the Air Force became interested in an upgraded version of the now-venerable Uirapuru. A prototype was built (designated Uirapuru II); but, by the time it flew, the Air Force no longer required it. A small number were built for export. In 1987, the firm was sold to Embraer.

T-23 (A-122) Uirapuru (1965): single-engine two-seat low-wing monoplane aircraft with tricycle undercarriage
T-23B (A-132B) Uirapuru II Tangará (1980): development of Uirapuru with larger engine
T-23C (A-122C) Uirapuru (1965): civilian version of military trainer T-23
EMB-712 Tupi
EMB-700 Ipanema

Born from a Brazilian government plan, and having been state-run from the beginning,[9] Embraer began a privatization process during the government of Itamar Franco.[16] This was a period of privatization for many state-controlled companies in Brazil. Embraer was sold on December 7, 1994,[10][17] which helped it avoid a looming bankruptcy.[9] The company continued to win government contracts.[citation needed]

The Brazilian government retains interest through possession of golden shares, which allow it veto power.[14]

Initial public offerings

In 2000, Embraer made simultaneous initial public offerings on the NYSE and BM&F Bovespa stock exchanges. In 2008 its NYSE-traded shares were American depositary receipts representing 4 BM&F Bovespa shares and ownership was : Bozano Group 11.10%, Previ 16.40%, Sistel 7.40%, Dassault Aviation 2.1%, EADS 2.1%, Thales 2.1%, Safran 1.1%, Government of Brazil 0.3%, the remainder being publicly traded.[14]

As of December 31, 2014 the shareholders with more than 5% of the Company's Capital were:[18]

Product line expansion: military, regional and executive

In the mid-1990s, the company pursued a product line more focused on small commercial planes over the military aircraft that had previously made up the majority of its manufacturing.[9] It soon expanded to the production of larger regional airliners, with 70110 seats, and smaller business jets.[14] Today, the company manufactures for both defense and commerce.[14] By May 2019, Embraer considered developing a new turboprop regional airliner, but has not yet closed the business case.[19] It was still considering it in November, a 50-70 seat family of two complementing the E-Jets E2 as their development is ending, freeing engineering resources.[20]

Executive jets

At the 2000 Farnborough Airshow, Embraer launched the Legacy 600, a business jet variant of the ERJ. In 2002, a dedicated business unit was organised as Embraer Executive Jets as the Legacy was introduced. In 2005, the Phenom 100 was then conceptualised as an air taxi like the Eclipse 500, competing with Cessna and Hawker Beechcraft. It was introduced in 2008 and is the basis of the larger Phenom 300. The midsize Legacy 450 and Legacy 500 were jointly developed as clean sheet designs, while the Lineage 1000 is a VIP version of the E190. In 2016, Embraer delivered its 1,000th executive jet and has a market share of 17% by volume, acknowledging it lacks an ultra-long-range large cabin jet.[21] In October 2018 Embraer announced two new business jets - the Praetor 500 in the midsize cabin category - and the Praetor 600 in the super midsize category.[22]

Military transport

On April 19, 2007, Embraer announced it was considering the production of a twin-jet military transport. Work began in May 2009 with funding from the Brazilian Air Force.[23] Correios, the Brazilian postal service, has shown interest in buying this aircraft.[24][25] Using much of the technology developed for the Embraer 190, the C-390 would carry up to 23 tons of cargo[26] and aims to replace Cold War-era cargo aircraft.[27]

While firm orders for the yet-to-be-produced KC-390 transport had not yet been made in the fall of 2010,[23] Argentina asked for six examples and several other South American nations also expressed interest.[28][29]

Government subsidy controversy

Brazil and Canada engaged in an international, adjudicated trade dispute over government subsidies to domestic plane-makers in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The World Trade Organization determined that both countries had provided illegal subsidies to what were supposed to be privately owned industries. Brazil ran an illegal subsidy program, Proex, benefiting its national aviation industry from at least 19992000, and Canada illegally subsidized its indigenous regional airliner industry, comprising Bombardier Aerospace.

Boeing-Embraer joint ventures

On July 5, 2018, a joint venture with Boeing was announced that would see Boeing owning 80% of Embraer's commercial aviation division.[30] This is seen as a reaction after Airbus acquired a majority of the competing Bombardier CSeries on October 16, 2017.[31] Embraer will retain its executive business jet and its defence business.[32]

On May 23, 2019, Boeing announced that the division would be known as Boeing Brasil – Commercial, dropping the Embraer name, but has not yet decided whether the aircraft will be rebranded as Boeing models.[33]

On November 18, 2019, Boeing (49%) and Embraer (51%) announced a joint venture to promote and develop new markets for the C-390 Millennium tactical transport aircraft, called Boeing Embraer Defense, to operate after the regulatory approvals and closing conditions.[34]

Production bases and facilities

The company's headquarters and a production base are in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. It also has production bases in the State of São Paulo at Botucatu, Eugênio de Melo (a district of São José dos Campos) and Gavião Peixoto. The company has offices in Beijing, Fort Lauderdale, Florida (U.S.), Amsterdam, Singapore, and Washington, D.C. (U.S.).[35]

Non-Brazilian main facilities
  • EAMS Embraer Aircraft Maintenance Services Inc. (Nashville, TN, U.S.) maintenance services site.
  • OGMA Indústria Aeronáutica de Portugal (Alverca do Ribatejo, Portugal) aircraft component maintenance, repair and manufacturing, plus aircraft maintenance services.
  • Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. Its U.S. headquarters are in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in a facility founded in 1979. Its external relations office is in Washington, D.C..[37]
  • Embraer Aero Seating Technologies Inaugurated in September 2016 in the city of Titusville, Florida, Embraer Aero Seating Technologies produces aircraft seats.[38]
  • Mesa Unit (Located in Mesa, Arizona, U.S.) Implemented in 2008, performs maintenance, repair and overhaul services on the Phenom and Legacy executive aircraft line.[39]
  • Windsor Locks Unit (Located in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, U.S.) Implemented in 2008, as well as the Mesa Unit, also performs maintenance, repair and revision services in Embraer's executive line.
  • Melbourne Unit (Located in Melbourne, Florida, U.S.) Implemented in 2011, it is the first unit in the United States to carry out the final assembly of aircraft. It produces the line of executives Phenom 100 and Phenom 300. In November 2012 work began on an Engineering and Technology Center at the Melbourne facility.
  • ECC Leasing Embraer's in-house leasing division, based in Dublin, Ireland, managing and re-marketing the Embraer aircraft portfolio owned directly by the manufacturer.[40]
Joint ventures

Aircraft products


By December 2018, Embraer claimed to lead the sub 150 seat jetliner market with 100 operators of the ERJ and E-Jet families.[43]


  • Embraer ERJ family
    • Embraer ERJ 135 (37 passengers)
    • Embraer ERJ 140 (44 passengers)
    • Embraer ERJ 145 (50 passengers)
  • Embraer E-Jet family
    • Embraer E170 (6678 passengers)
    • Embraer E175 (7688 passengers)
    • Embraer E190 (96114 passengers)
    • Embraer E195 (100124 passengers)
  • Embraer E-Jet E2 family
    • Embraer E175-E2 (8090 passengers)
    • Embraer E190-E2 (97114 passengers)
    • Embraer E195-E2 (120146 passengers)[44]





Business Jets



Piper Localizations



Commercial aircraft deliveries

Year 1996 1997 1998 1999
Deliveries 4 32 60 96
Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Deliveries 160 161 131 101 148 141 130 169 204 244
Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Deliveries 246[46] 204[47] 205[48] 209 208[49] 221[50] 225[51] 210[52] 181[53]

The numbers include military versions of commercial aircraft.

Total delivered-backlog-options as of June 30, 2007: 862-53-131 145 Family, 256-399-719 170/190 Family

Net deliveries (by year)
As of 24 April 2019


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  2. ^ "Botelho resigns as chairman of Embraer". Flightglobal. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  3. ^ "2015 Results". Embraer. Retrieved 2016-09-09.
  4. ^ "Embraer - Investor Relations - Net Income". Embraer. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  5. ^ Highlights, Embraer.
  6. ^ "Aircraft". BR: Embraer. Retrieved May 12, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Embraer vê clientes mais dispostos à compra de aviões". Exame Magazine. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  8. ^ a b "A Embraer foi vendida? Não". Embraer (in Portuguese). Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Territorial Reviews, Madrid, ES: OECD, 2007, pp. 156157, 264, ISBN 978-92-64-03848-6
  10. ^ a b "Timeline", Historical Center (official site), BR: Embraer.
  11. ^ "Ozires Silva" (in Portuguese). Época Negócios. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  12. ^ "History", Historical Center (official site), BR: Embraer.
  13. ^ The Embraer EMB120 Brasilia, Air liners.
  14. ^ a b c d e Monks, Robert AG; Minow, Nell (2008), Corporate Governance, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 356359
  15. ^ a b c "EMB 710 Carioca", Aircraft History, BR: Embraer History Center.
  16. ^ Eckhouse, John (January 12, 1991), "Brazil on Road Peddling State-Owned Enterprises", The San Francisco Chronicle (final ed.), San Francisco, CA, US, p. B.1.
  17. ^ Anuatti-Neto, Francisco; Barossi-Filho, Milton; Carvalho, Antonio Gledson de; MacEdo, Roberto (2005), "Os efeitos da privatização sobre o desempenho econômico e financeiro das empresas privatizadas" [The effects of privatisation on the economical & financial performance of the privatised companies], Scielo (in Portuguese), BR, 59 (2), pp. 151175, doi:10.1590/S0034-71402005000200001.
  18. ^ "CAPITAL OWNERSHIP". Embraer Investor Relations.
  19. ^ "No new turboprop from Embraer for now". Leeham News and Analysis. 27 May 2019.
  20. ^ Jon Hemmerdinger (14 Nov 2019). "Embraer still eyeing development of turboprop family". Flightglobal.
  21. ^ "EBACE: Embraer caps 16-year run with 1,000th delivery". Flightglobal. 17 May 2016.
  22. ^ "Embraer Praetor 500/600 Make Public Debut at NBAA 2018". 2018-10-17.
  23. ^ a b "Portugal interested in Brazilian military cargo plane", Monitoring European, BBC, February 1, 2010.
  24. ^ "Costa confirma projeto dos Correios com cargueiro C-390", Monitor Mercantil, August 28, 2007, retrieved October 15, 2007.
  25. ^ "Brazilian postal service may order Embraer C-390 freighters", Flight global, September 4, 2007, retrieved October 15, 2007.
  26. ^ "Defense Systems". Embraer. Archived from the original on 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
  27. ^ Embraer has military transport aircraft under study (PDF), Embraer, archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-20, retrieved 2009-03-20.
  28. ^ Argentina to buy 6 military transport jets from Brazil's Embraer, Madrid: EFE News Service, October 30, 2010.
  29. ^ "Defense Watch", Defense Daily, Potomac, 247 (47), September 7, 2010.
  30. ^ "Boeing and Embraer to Establish Strategic Aerospace Partnership to Accelerate Global Aerospace Growth" (Press release). Boeing. July 5, 2018.
  31. ^ "Boeing Is in Talks for Combination With Regional-Jet Maker Embraer". Bloomberg. 21 December 2017.
  32. ^ Jon Hemmerdinger (11 Oct 2018). "Embraer-Boeing agreement lays out terms of proposed joint venture". Flightglobal.
  33. ^ Rochabrun, Marcelo (May 23, 2019). "Boeing drops Embraer name from Brazil commercial jet division". Reuters.
  34. ^ "Boeing Embraer - Defense Joint Venture to Develop New Markets for the C-390 Millennium" (Press release). Boeing. Nov 18, 2019.
  35. ^ "Global presence". Embraer. 2012. Retrieved 24 Dec 2013.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ Trautvetter, Chad. "Approval Imminent for Embraer Legacy 450/500 U.S. Plant", AINonline, 26 August 2014. Accessed 4 September 2014.
  37. ^ Facilities, Embraer, September 11, 2012, archived from the original on 2010-12-15, Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. 276 SW 34th Street Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315 USA [] Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. 1700 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Suite 200 USA Washington, DC 20008
  38. ^ Mercado e Eventos, Embraer inaugura Centro de Produção de Assentos com 4.600m² na Flórida, retrieved 10 December 2017
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  40. ^ "Embraer ECC Leasing Company Lessor Profile CAPA". Retrieved 2017-09-07.
  41. ^ "Embraer in China". Aviation Week & Space Technology: 60. 14 October 2013.
  42. ^ [1]. Boeing
  43. ^ "Embraer Delivers its 1,500th E-Jet to Horizon Air" (Press release). Embraer. Dec 18, 2018.
  44. ^ E-JETS E2 Embraer Commercial Aviation
  45. ^ "The highlights of the Brazilian Gripen Programme in 2018". Saab Group. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  46. ^ "Embraer Closes Out 2010 With 246 Jets Delivered". PR Newswire. Traders Huddle. Jan 18, 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
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  49. ^ "Embraer Deliveries for 2014".
  51. ^ Embraer reaches targets with delivery of 108 commercial jets and 117 executive jets in 2016.
  52. ^ "Embraer delivers less aircraft 2017". MBA Aero. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
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Further reading

External links

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