|Founded||1 November 1923(as Aero O/Y)|
|Frequent-flyer program||Finnair Plus
|Fleet size||82 (incl. Nordic Regional Airlines)|
|Company slogan||Designed for you, or The Nordic Way|
|Parent company||Finnair Group|
|Traded as||Nasdaq Helsinki: FIA1S|
|Key people||Topi Manner, CEO|
|Revenue||EUR 2,568 million (2017)|
|Operating income||EUR 170 million (2017)|
|Net income||EUR 169 million (2017)|
|Total assets||EUR 2,887 million (2017)|
|Total equity||EUR 1,016 million (2017)|
|Employees||5,918 (31 December 2017)|
Finnair (Finnish: Finnair Oyj, Swedish: Finnair Abp) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa on the grounds of Helsinki Airport, its hub. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both domestic and international air travel in Finland. Its major shareholder is the government of Finland, which owns 55.8% of the shares. Finnair is a member of the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2017, it transported about 12 million passengers to over 100 European, 20 Asian and 7 North American destinations. At the end of 2017, the airline employed 5,918 people.
Finnair is the sixth oldest airline in continuous operation. With no fatal or hull-loss accidents since 1963, Finnair is consistently listed as one of the safest airlines in the world (#1 in 2018).
In 1923, consul Bruno Lucander founded Finnair as Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd). The company code, "AY", stands for Aero Yhtiö ("yhtiö" means "company" in Finnish). Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. In mid-1923 he concluded an agreement with Junkers Flugzeugwerke AG to provide aircraft and technical support in exchange for a 50% ownership in the new airline. The charter establishing the company was signed in Helsinki on 12 September 1923, and the company was entered into the trade register on 11 December 1923. The first flight was on 20 March 1924 from Helsinki to Tallinn, Estonia on a Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats. The seaplane service ended in December 1936 following the construction of the first aerodromes in Finland.
Air raids on Helsinki and other Finnish cities made World War II a difficult period for the airline. Half the fleet was requisitioned by the Finnish Air Force and it was estimated that, during the Winter War in 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's passengers from other Finnish cities were children being evacuated to Sweden.
The Finnish government wanted longer routes, so it acquired a majority stake in the company in 1946 and re-established services to Europe in November 1947, initially using the Douglas DC-3. In 1953, the airline began branding itself as Finnair. The Convair 440 twin-engined pressurised airliner was acquired from January 1953 and these faster aircraft were operated on the company's longer routes as far as London.
In 1961, Finnair joined the jet age by adding Rolls-Royce Avon-engined Caravelles to its fleet. These were later exchanged with the manufacturer for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-engined Super Caravelles. In 1962, Finnair acquired a 27% controlling interest in a private Finnish airline, Kar-Air. Finnair Oy became the company's official name on 25 June 1968. In 1969, it took possession of its first U.S. made jet, a Douglas DC-8. The first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969. In the 1960s, Finnair's head office was in Helsinki.
Finnair received its first wide-body aircraft in 1975, two DC-10-30 planes. The first of these arrived on 4 February 1975, and entered service on 14 February 1975, flying between Helsinki and New York, and later between Helsinki and Las Palmas.
In 1981, Finnair opened routes to Seattle and Los Angeles. Finnair became the first operator to fly non-stop from Western Europe to Japan operating Helsinki-Tokyo flights with a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER in 1983. Until then, flights had to go via Moscow (Aeroflot, SAS, BA) or Anchorage (most carriers) due to Soviet airspace restrictions, but Finnair circumvented these by flying directly north from Helsinki, over the North Pole and back south through the Bering Strait, avoiding the Soviet airspace. However, Finnair did not have to make a roundabout because of the Soviet regulation on this route, but the Japanese authorities demanded it (what JAL requested strongly). The aircraft was fitted with extra fuel tanks, taking 13 hours for the trip. The routes through Soviet airspace and with a stopover in Moscow also took 13 hours, but flights with a stopover at Anchorage took up to 16 hours, giving Finnair a competitive edge. In the spring of 1986, Soviet regulators finally cleared the way for Air France and Japan Airlines to fly nonstop Paris-Tokyo services over Soviet airspace, putting Finnair at a disadvantage.
Finnair launched a Helsinki-Beijing route in 1988, making Finnair the first Western European carrier to fly non-stop between Europe and China. In 1989, Finnair became the launch customer for the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first of which was delivered on 7 December 1990. The first revenue service with the MD-11 took place on 20 December 1990, with OH-LGA[discuss] operating a flight from Helsinki to Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
In 1997, the subsidiaries Kar-Air and Finnaviation became wholly owned by Finnair, and were integrated into the mainline operations. On 25 September 1997, the company's official name was changed to Finnair Oyj.
In 2003, Finnair acquired ownership of the Swedish low-cost airline, FlyNordic, which operated mainly within Scandinavia. In 2007, Finnair sold all its shares in FlyNordic to Norwegian Air Shuttle. As part of the transaction, Finnair acquired 4.8% of the latter company, becoming its third largest shareholder. Finnair later sold their shares in 2013.
On 1 December 2011, Finnair transferred its baggage and apron services to Swissport International as per a five-year agreement signed on 7 November 2011.
The group's parent company is Finnair Plc, which is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki Stock Exchange, and is domiciled in Helsinki at the registered address Tietotie 9, Vantaa. The State of Finland is the major shareholder (55.8%), with no other shareholder owning more than 5% of shares.
Two subsidiary companies, Finnair Cargo Oy and Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy, form Finnair's cargo business. The offices of both companies are at Helsinki Airport. Finnair Cargo uses currently Finnair's fleet on its cargo operations.
Finnair Cargo has three hubs:
Nordic Regional Airlines (Norra) is 40% owned by Finnair. The airline uses ATR 72-500 leased from Finnair and Embraer E190 aircraft. All Embraer aircraft are painted in Finnair livery. The airline began operations on 20 October 2011 as a joint venture between Flybe and Finnair. The airline has operated under Finnair's flight code since 1 May 2015.
The key trends for Finnair over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):
|Turnover ( m)||1,558||1,683||1,871||1,990||2,181||2,256||1,838||2,023||2,257||2,449||2,400||2,284||2,254||2,316||2,568|
|Profit (EBT) ( m)||−22||31||88||−15||139||−62||−125||−33||−111.5||16.5||11.9||−36.5||23.7||55.2||170.4|
|Number of employees (average)||9,981||9,522||9,447||9,598||9,480||9,595||8,797||7,578||7,467||6,784||5,859||5,172||4,906||5,045||5,852|
|Number of passengers (m)||6.8||8.1||8.5||8.8||8.7||8.3||7.4||7.1||8.0||8.8||9.2||9.6||10.3||10.8||11.9|
|Passenger load factor (%)||69.6||71.2||72.6||75.2||75.5||75.2||75.9||76.5||73.3||77.6||79.5||80.2||80.4||79.8||83.3|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||59||69||69||72||62||65||68||63||65||60||70||67||72||73||79|
In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"), on what used to be a car park right next to its previous head office located in Tietotie 11, on the grounds of Helsinki Airport. The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013. The previous head office had been in use since 1994, then replacing a head office located in Helsinki city centre.
The new mixed-use head office has a total floor space of 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft) and 22,400 square metres (241,000 sq ft) of office space.
The company revealed a new livery in December 2010. Major changes include a restyled and larger lettering on the body, repainting of the engines in white, and a reversal of the color scheme for the tail fin favoring a white background with a blue stylized logo. The outline of the globe was also removed from the tail fin.
The current uniform was designed by Ritva-Liisa Pohjalainen and launched in December 2011. Finnair has codes to indicate the rank of crew members: One stripe in the sleeve (or epaulettes in the case of male crews wearing vests) for normal Cabin Crew, two stripes for Senior Cabin Crew (only for outsourced Spanish crew) acting as a Purser, and three stripes for a Purser/Chief Purser. Additionally, some female Pursers have a white vertical stripe on their dresses or blouses indicating their years of service. Finnair requires its cabin crew to wear gloves during take-off and landing for safety reasons. Finnair's previous cabin crew uniform was named the fifth most stylish uniform by the French magazine Bon Voyage.
Finnair flies from its Helsinki hub to over 130 destinations in over 40 countries in Asia, Europe and North America. Unlike for several other Europan airlines, North America is not the main long-haul market for Finnair but Asia, where the airline has around 20 destinations. However, in North America, Finnair serves seven destinations: four in the United States and three destinations in Mexico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Previously the airline has served Africa and South America, including countries such as Egypt, Colombia, and Brazil, but primarily on a leisure basis. Nearly half of Finnair's destinations are operated on a seasonal basis, but recently the airline has been switching those destinations to year-round service. Finnair has over 10 domestic destinations. Some domestic flights are operated in co-operation with or completely by the airline's subsidiary Nordic Regional Airlines.
Finnair does not face direct competition on any long-haul route the airline operates as Finnair is the sole operator on all routes (except for Tokyo which is operated in cooperation with Japan Airlines). In Asia, China and Japan are the two main markets, but other countries, such as South Korea, Thailand, and Singapore, are also important to the airline. In summer 2018, Finnair operates up to 97 weekly flights to Asia. Most of the flights are operated with Airbus A350 aircraft. The airline plans to extend its network in Asia in the future with new destinations and additional flights as well as considers adapting narrow-body aircraft on some flights to smaller Asian cities. In August 2018, Finnair announced to increase capacity in Asia, where flights to Hong Kong increase from 10 to 14 flights a week and to Osaka, there will be ten weekly flights instead of seven. In the summer season of 2019 Tokyo and Hong Kong are the largest long-haul routes by capacity. In the United States Finnair has four destinations including Chicago, Miami, New York and San Francisco. The airline has recently expanded the offering to the U.S. by opening new routes and additional frequencies. As of 31 March 2018, Finnair will also be flying to Los Angeles with Airbus A350 aircraft.
Finnair is a member of Oneworld, an airline alliance.
|Airbus A319-100||8||—||14||—||124||138||||To be phased out by 2022|
|Airbus A320-200||11||—||14||—||151||165||||1 Leased from GetJet A320 LY-FOX.|
To be phased out by 2022
|Airbus A321-200||19||16||—||180||196||||Oldest aircraft to be phased out by 2022|
|Airbus A330-300||8||—||45||40||178||263||||Cabins to be refurbished 2020-2022|
To be retrofitted with Premium Economy from 2020.
|Airbus A350-900||12||7||46||43||208||297||||Deliveries until 2022.|
To be retrofitted with Premium Economy from 2020.
|ATR 72-500||12||—||—||—||68||68||||All leased to Nordic Regional Airlines|
Cabins to be refurbished from 2019.
|Embraer E190||12||—||12||—||88||100||||Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines|
Finnair received its first narrow-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus, Airbus A321, on 28 January 1999. Now the airline operates the fleet of up to 19 A321s. The first Airbus A319 aircraft was delivered to Finnair on 20 September 1999. Since then, Finnair has received 11 A319s, but three of them are now retired. Finnair utilizes Airbus A319, A320 and A321 aircraft on domestic and European flights. Airbus A321-231, which are equipped with winglets, is also used on some long-haul flights such as to Dubai. ATR 72-500 and Embraer E190 are operated by Nordic Regional Airlines and are also used on domestic and European flights.
Finnair received its first A330-300s on 27 March 2009. Now the airline has eight Airbus A330-300 aircraft in the fleet. As of December 2017, the airline utilizes A330 on intercontinental flights from Helsinki to Chicago, Chongqing, Delhi, Fukuoka, Goa, Guangzhou, Miami, Nagoya, New York, Puerto Plata, San Francisco and Xi'an. As of May 2018, Finnair will be using A330 also on flights to Nanjing. The A330s are powered by General Electric CF6-80E1 engines.
On 8 March 2007, Finnair firmed up its orders for 11 Airbus A350-900 aircraft with 8 options. On 3 December 2014, it was announced that Finnair had firmed up the contract for 8 additional Airbus A350-900 aircraft deliveries starting in 2018. On 13 August 2014, Finnair announced plans to initially deploy its A350-900 aircraft on services to Bangkok, Beijing and Shanghai from 2015, with A350 services to Hong Kong and Singapore to be added in 2016. Currently Finnair operates the Airbus A350 to Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Osaka, Krabi, Phuket, Puerto Vallarta, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore and Tokyo. Finnair also operated A350 aircraft on several flights to New York in January 2016 and became the first European airline to operate the A350 to the United States. Finnair uses the A350 daily on the morning AY1331 flight from Helsinki to LondonHeathrow to carry extra freight as well.
Finnair took delivery of its first A350-900 XWB aircraft on 7 October 2015, becoming the third airline to operate the aircraft, after Qatar Airways and Vietnam Airlines. According to the current delivery schedule, it will receive two A350 XWB aircraft in each 2019, 2020, 2021 and one in 2022. Altogether Finnair will have 19 A350 aircraft in 2022.
Due to an aging narrow-body fleet, Finnair plans to retire the Airbus A320family by 2022, excluding 12 newer Airbus A321 aircraft. The airline plans to replace old aircraft with 20-30 new Airbus A320neo family or Boeing 737 MAX new-generation aircraft. In addition to the narrow-body fleet, Finnair plans to order more Airbus A350 wide-body aircraft in the coming years. The airline has also considered switching some of the orders for the A350-900 to the Airbus A350-1000 aircraft but decided to keep the orders for only A350-900. In the beginning of 2017, Finnair revealed plans to add more seats to some of the Airbus A350 aircraft on order to increase capacity by up to 13%. The new seat configuration will have 32 seats in Business Class, 42 seats in Economy Comfort Class and 262 in Economy Class, a total of 336 seats. This second seat configuration was initially planned to be used on routes with less business-class demand such as Bangkok, Beijing and Seoul, as well as on routes to leisure destinations such as Phuket, Krabi or Puerto Vallarta.
Finnair announced the order for 11 Airbus A350 XWB aircraft and 8 options on 8 March 2007. Finnair planned to retire older Airbus A340 aircraft by the end of 2017 and replace them with brand new A350 aircraft. As of 1 February 2017, all Airbus A340 aircraft are exited from the fleet. The very last A340 (OH-LQE) operated its last flight from Tokyo to Helsinki on 1 February 2017. Finnair firmed up orders for eight additional A350 aircraft on 3 December 2014. The first A350 was delivered to Finnair in October 2015 and the airline became the first European operator of the Airbus A350.
Finnair has modified its previous fleet plan to retire two of Airbus A330 aircraft, which was established in 2014. The 2016 fleet plan now involves keeping its A330 fleet as its A350s are delivered, rather than withdrawing two of them in 2017, and shall retire those aircraft in the 2020s at the earliest. Airline's plan to retire two A330s was not the only change that was planned. Under the previous plan, the long haul fleet was to grow by one per year, from 15 in 2015 to 20 in 2020. Under the 2016 plan, it will now grow to 22 in 2020, and to 26 in 2023. However, should market conditions be weaker than expected, Finnair has the flexibility to return the wide-body fleet to a total of 15 aircraft in 2019 and to maintain it at this level through to 2023. Some of the new A350 aircraft will increase the number of aircraft operated by Finnair. The Finnish flag carrier now has 11 A350-900s and a further 8 to be delivered by 2022 (one more in 2018 and two in 2019, and the rest 5 aircraft between 2020 and 2022).
The Finnair-branded short-haul network also includes 24 regional aircraft operated by Nordic Regional Airlines (12 ATR72 and 12 E190). The combined narrowbody/regional fleet comprised a total of 54 aircraft the end of Mar-2016. This total is set to climb only to 55 in 2023, with downside flexibility to fall to 17. Finnair plans for the A320 family fleet to grow to 36 aircraft in 2020, with the A319 fleet falling to seven and the A321 fleet rising to 19.
On 18 December 2015, Finnair decided to improve the space efficiency of its current Airbus narrow-body fleet due to a growing need for feeder traffic capacity. The value of the investment is approximately EUR 40 million, and it includes 22 narrow-body Airbus aircraft in Finnairs fleet. The cabin layout change excludes five A321ER aircraft, which are already configured according to the plan, having 209 seats. The cabin reconfiguration is estimated to take two weeks per aircraft during 2017. The reconfiguration adds 6 to 13 seats depending on the aircraft type, increasing the passenger capacity of Finnairs Airbus narrow-body fleet as measured by available seat kilometers by close to 4 percent. Finnair also has planned to increase the number of its narrow-body fleet. As a first step, Finnair will lease eight Airbus A321 narrow-body aircraft.
In March 2016, Finnair announced it would lease two Airbus A321 aircraft from Air Berlin for Finnair's European operations. These two aircraft were delivered in late April 2016 to Finnair. The airline has used these A321s on flights from Helsinki to Amsterdam, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Ljubljana, Paris, Split, Vienna and Zürich.
On 15 December 2016, Finnair announced to lease two Airbus A321s from CDB Aviation Lease Finance. The first aircraft is scheduled for delivery to Finnair for the winter season 2017/2018 and the second for the summer season 2018. Seven of the ordered aircraft will be delivered in 2017.
Finnair's current special liveries are Marimekko "Kivet", Marimekko-50th Anniversary "Unikko, Oneworld-liveries, and the Christmas special Reindeer liveries. Finnair has also used special liveries, including the "Marimekko Unikko", "Moomins", "Santa Claus", 1950s retro livery and Angry Birds.
|OH-LVD||Oneworld livery||Airbus A319-100|||
|OH-LTO||Marimekko 50th Anniversary "Unikko" Livery||Airbus A330-300|||
Finnair has previously operated the following equipment:
|ATR 72-500||12||1990||Present||Launch Customer|
|Airbus A300B4-200FF||2||1986||2004||Equipped with a 2-crew cockpit|
|Airbus A319-100||11||1999||Present||Two aircraft have been retired.|
|Airbus A320-200||12||2001||Present||Two aircraft have been retired.|
|Airbus A340-300||7||2006||2017||Last commercial service was on 1 February 2017|
After retired, it was replaced by Airbus A350-900.
Three aircraft were former Air France and Virgin Atlantic fleets.
Two aircraft were disposed to Air Belgium.
The three others are currently in storage.
|Boeing 757-200||7||1997||2014||Replaced by Airbus A321-200.|
|Convair CV-440 Metropolitan||Unknown||1953||1980|
|de Havilland Dragon Rapide||Unknown||1937||1947|
|Douglas DC-9 Series||27||1971||2003|
|Embraer E170||10||2005||2016||Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.|
|Embraer E190||12||2007||Present||Operated by Nordic Regional Airlines.|
|Junkers Ju 52/3m||Unknown||1932||1949|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30||4||1975||1996|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER||1||1981||1995|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11||7||1990||2009||Launch Customer|
Ater retired, all fleets are converted into freighter
Replaced by Airbus A340-300 aircraft
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11F||2||2010||2011||Disposed to Nordic Global Airlines|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-80 family||26||1983||2006|
|Sud Aviation Caravelle 1A||Unknown||1960||1961|
|Sud Aviation Caravelle III||Unknown||1961||1964|
|Sud Aviation Caravelle 10B Super Caravelle||Unknown||1964||1986|
Finnair's frequent-flyer programme is called Finnair Plus. Passengers are awarded points based on the type and class of flight flown. Once enough miles are banked into the passenger's account, a membership tier (Basic, Silver, Gold, or Platinum) is awarded. There is a Junior tier exclusively for minors. Silver, Gold, and Platinum members have privileges such as premium check-in desks and priority boarding.
In addition to earning points on flights with Finnair and its partner airlines, Finnair Plus members can earn points through various hotel and car rental partners in Finland and around the world along with other service partners.
Business class is offered on the entire Airbus-fleet. On long-haul aircraft, the seats are equipped with personal in-flight entertainment. Business Class on all wide-body aircraft feature flat-bed seats.
Economy Comfort is Finnair's new premium economy product debuting on long haul aircraft December 2014. It will not be a separate class but more of an upgraded economy product, much like Delta's Economy Comfort class. Economy Comfort seats will be located in the first 5 rows of economy providing 3436" of pitch (35" more pitch than standard economy seats) and a comfier headrest, plus noise canceling headphones and a comfort kit. Seats will be free to Finnair Plus and oneworld elites and passengers with a full fare coach ticket, and available to all other customers for a fee.
Finnair operates three own lounges at Helsinki Airport. One is accessible in the Schengen Area by travelers in Finnair's Business Class, Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members as well as Oneworld Sapphire and Emerald members. The two other are located in the non-Schengen area and the Finnair Business Lounge has the same access criteria as the one in the Schengen area except Japan Airlines Business Class passengers also have access. Finnair also operates a Premium Lounge next to the Business lounge in the non-Schengen area that Gold and Platinum of the Finnair Plus program members have access to as well as Oneworld Emerald members have access to. The non-Schengen lounges have a Finnish sauna. The remaining international destinations are served with contract lounges.
On most European flights, a cold salad or sandwich is served, together with non-alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic beverages and additional food items are available for purchase. Domestic flights as well as shorter European flights have snacks for sale and free non-alcoholic beverages. Business class offers warm meals and free beverages, including alcohol. On most Intercontinental flights there is a choice of meals in economy class. In inter-continental business class on most Airbus aircraft (excluding those with fully lie-flat seats), there is a dedicated snack bar. As of November 2014 the complementary salad or sandwich is discontinued and beverages have been limited to coffee, tea, water, milk and blueberry juice on European flights.
All Finnair aircraft have LCD video monitors or personal entertainment systems except the Embraer 170s and 190s and the Airbus A321-231 (Sharklet). Airbus A320 series aircraft have monitors showing exterior shots, moving-map systems and mute television programs. Airbus A330 and Airbus A350 aircraft have an AVOD personal entertainment system on all seats with about 72 movies, 150 TV shows, 200 music albums, 24 radio channels, and 15 games.
Finnair's English-language in-flight magazine, Blue Wings, is published 10 times a year by the Finnish media group Sanoma. The first edition of Blue Wings magazine was published in 1980. There are domestic and international newspapers on all flights and magazines on long-haul flights in business class.
|2009||4-Star Airline||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|2010||Best Airline In Northern Europe|||
|2013||Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|Best European Airline||TTG China Travel Awards|||
|Best International Airline Off-Line Carrier||AFTA National Travel Industry Awards|||
|2014||Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|Best European Airline||TTG China Travel Awards|||
|2015||Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|2016||Best European Airline||TTG China Travel Awards|||
|Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|Best Airline Business Class||Best Travel Awards|||
|Best Inflight Catering Airline||World Traveller Awards|||
|2017||Best European Airline||TTG China Travel Awards|||
|Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
|2018||Best European Airline||TTG China Travel Awards|||
|Best Airline In Northern Europe||Skytrax World Airline Awards|||
The Finland flag carrier is the A350 launch customer with 19 of the type on order, all scheduled for delivery through the end of 2023.
Media related to Finnair at Wikimedia Commons