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Airport Hahn (Germany) - Frankfurt-Hahn

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FrankfurtHahn Airport

Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Frankfurt-Hahn GmbH
LocationLautzenhausen, Germany
Focus city forRyanair
Elevation AMSL1,649 ft / 503 m
Coordinates49°5654N 007°1551E / 49.94833°N 7.26417°E / 49.94833; 7.26417Coordinates: 49°5654N 007°1551E / 49.94833°N 7.26417°E / 49.94833; 7.26417
Location of airport in Rhineland-Palatinate
HHN (Germany)
HHN (Europe)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 12,467 3,800 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 2.472.198

FrankfurtHahn Airport (German: Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn, IATA: HHN, ICAO: EDFH) is an international airport in the municipality of Hahn, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

The airport is 10 km (6.2 mi) from the town of Kirchberg and 20 km (12 mi) from both Simmern and Traben-Trarbach. The airport is equidistant between Frankfurt and Luxembourg about 120 km (75 mi) to each city by road. The closest major cities are Koblenz at about 70 km (43 mi) and Mainz at about 90 km (56 mi). The airport served 2.47 million passengers in 2017, down from 2.60 million in 2016.[1] Frankfurt-Hahn Airport charges its airline operators less than Frankfurt Airport. The only airlines that operate commercial passenger service to/from the airport are Ryanair and Wizzair, both of which are low-cost carriers. It is also a prominent cargo airport as a result of its location and 24-hour operating licence[2]. It had a turnover of 126,753 tons of cargo in 2017.[1]

The airport is 82.5% owned by HNA Group, a Fortune Global 500 company based in China and 17.5% owned by the state of Hesse. The airport is not profitable and the European Commission has agreed to allow Rhineland-Palatinate to cover up to 25.3 million of losses between 2017 and 2021 while HNA makes improvements to the airport.[3]


Military base

During the Cold War, at which time an invasion of West Germany was a possibility, Hahn Air Base was a frontline air base, and home of the United States Air Force 50th Tactical Fighter Wing (now the 50th Space Wing), in various designations, as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). It was one of several USAFE bases in Germany within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of each other including Zweibrücken, Ramstein Air Base, Sembach, Bitburg Air Base, Spangdahlem Air Base, and Rhein-Main Air Base. These air bases were well situated to reach all locations within Europe and the Mediterranean Basin. Hahn Air Base had more than 13,000 people and three squadrons of F-16 tactical fighters. At the end of the Cold War, the United States was left with a huge excess capacity of expensive airfields in Europe.

As a result, the squadrons at the base were inactivated: the 496th Tactical Fighter Squadron was inactivated on 15 May 1991, the 313th Tactical Fighter Squadron was inactivated on 1 July 1991, and the 10th Tactical Fighter Squadron was inactivated on 30 September 1991. The 50th Tactical Fighter Wing was inactivated on 30 September 1991 and then activated as the 50th Space Wing at Falcon AFB (now Schriever Air Force Base) in Colorado on 30 January 1992. The inactivations had a significant effect on the local economy.[4]

Most of Hahn Air Base was returned to civil German authorities on 30 September 1993, though USAFE retained a small portion as a radio communications site until its final return to German authorities in 2012. It is still frequently used for military charters operated by, amongst others, Atlas Air, Delta Air Lines, and United Airlines.

The German government decided to turn Hahn Air Base into a civil airport with the goal of reducing traffic to Frankfurt International Airport. One of the main investors in the development of the airport was Fraport AG, the operator of Frankfurt International Airport, which received a 65% ownership stake in the airport.

In 1996, the faculty and police training school of the Rheinland-Pfalz State Police were combined at a new joint facility located at the air base's former housing area.

Name controversy

In 2001, Ryanair began flying to the airport, using it as a second base for its European operations.[5] At the request of Ryanair, the name of the airport was officially changed from Hahn Airport to FrankfurtHahn Airport. Lufthansa began legal proceedings against Ryanair in 2002, claiming the usage of "Frankfurt" in the name to be false advertising. Ryanair was allowed to keep the name but was forced to clarify in its advertising that the airport is actually 120 kilometers (75 miles) by road from Frankfurt.[6]

Losses and ownership transfers

In 2003, the airport reported a loss of 17 million, compared to 20 million in 2002.[7]

In 2007, Etihad Cargo switched its German freighter services from Frankfurt International airport to Frankfurt-Hahn airport.[8]

Effective 1 January 2009, Fraport sold its 65% interest in the airport to the government of Rhineland-Palatinate for the symbolic price of 1. The airport had been losing money and Fraport did not want to continue to fund losses. The transaction increased the stake owned by the government to 82.5%.[9] Also in 2009, a cargo flight departing from Hahn using the Antonov 225 made the world record for the heaviest single piece of air cargo, a 189.98 metric tonne generator for a Fossil-fuel power station in Armenia.[10]

In 2013, Etihad Cargo, a major customer of the airport, announced the relocation of its cargo operations from Hahn to Frankfurt Airport.[11]

In January 2014, the airport announced it had accumulated debts of 125 million while passenger and cargo traffic were decreasing.[12] The same year, the government pledged 80 million to the airport so that it would avoid bankruptcy.[13] In February 2014, security staff at the airport initiated a strike action.[14] In the summer of 2014, Ryanair reduced capacity on several routes for and removed 3 of 9 aircraft based at the airport.[15]

In March 2015, Yangtze River Express, the largest freight customer of the airport with 4 cargo destinations and accounting for 50,000 of the airport's 130,000 tons of annual volume, announced it would cease its cargo operations at FrankfurtHahn Airport in favor of Munich Airport.[16] Months earlier, Qatar Airways and Aeroflot had also ceased their cargo operations at the airport.[17]

In June 2016, the cargo subsidiary of Air France-KLM announced it would shut down its cargo reloading point at the airport, which was used to collect freight and transfer it to Paris by truck.[18] In August 2016, RAF-Avia from Latvia announced basing two aircraft at the airport to operate ad-hoc charter flights.[19] Also in June 2016, the government of Rhineland-Palatinate announced the sale of its 82.5% interest in the airport to Shanghai Yiqian Trading Company.[20] However, the deal fell apart a month later after the buyer failed to get approval to make the payment.[21]

In 2017, Suparna, formerly known as Yangtze River Express, began operating a 747-400F at the airport and AirBridgeCargo and Etihad also expanded cargo operations.[22] In August 2017, HNA Group, a Fortune Global 500 company based in China acquired the 82.5% stake in the airport owned by the government of Rhineland-Palatinate for 15.1 million.[23][24] In conjunction with the acquisition, the European Commission agreed to cover up to 25.3 million of losses between 2017 and 2021 while HNA makes improvements to the airport.[3]

In February 2018, Ryanair announced the shift of part of its operations from Hahn to Frankfurt Airport, where it opened a base in 2017. One of five aircraft were moved to Frankfurt Airport and four routes were cut at Frankfurt-Hahn.[25] A year later, Ryanair announced further major cuts with a reduction to just 16 routes - from over 40 in earlier years - for the 2019/2020 winter season.[26]



The airport consists of two passenger terminals and one cargo terminal. The passenger terminals, designated A and B, include shops and restaurants including a McDonald's.[27] The apron has 11 stands for mid-sized aircraft, such as the Boeing 737, which are reached on foot. The cargo apron has 3 stands for large aircraft such as the Boeing 747-8F.


FrankfurtHahn has a long runway of 3,800 metres (12,467 ft) in the direction of 03/21. This, combined with a large apron, allows it to handle some of the world's biggest aircraft such as the Antonov An-124 or the Boeing Dreamlifter. While the Antonov is a frequent visitor, the Dreamlifter landed only twice at the airport, both times in 2010. It has an Instrument Landing System available to both sides, with runway 21 being category 3 approved; low visibility conditions are a frequent problem at the airport, especially during autumn and winter.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Hahn:[28]

Air Serbia Ni
FlyOne Chiinu (begins 6 April 2020)[29]
Ryanair Agadir (begins 3 April 2020), Banja Luka (begins 3 February 2020),[30] Bari, Féz, Kerry, KievBoryspil, Lamezia Terme, Marrakesh, Nador, Naples, Palermo, Pescara, RomeCiampino, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki, Treviso (begins 1 April 2020), Vilnius
Seasonal: Alghero, Cagliari, Chania, Comiso, Girona, Ibiza, Kefalonia (begins 2 May 2020), Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Pula, Reus, Rijeka (begins 4 April 2020)
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca, Kutaisi (begins 1 July 2020),[31][32] Lviv, Sibiu, Skopje, Timioara, Tuzla
Silk Way Airlines Baku[33]
Sky Gates Airlines MoscowSheremetyevo,[34] Novosibirsk[35]
Suparna Airlines Wuxi,[36] Xi'an[37]

The airport is also used by further cargo carriers on an irregular basis, e. g. for ad-hoc charter or military operations.[38]


2004 2,751,585
2005 3,076,823
2006 3,704,633
2007 4,014,898
2008 3,940,159
2009 3,793,710
2010 3,493,451
2011 2,894,109
2012 2,790,961
2013 2,667,402
2014 2,447,140
2015 2,667,000
2016 2,609,156
2017 2,472,198
2018 2,092,868

Ground transportation


Hahn is served by several, mostly private, coach operators that run regular services to Frankfurt am Main (105 minutes, via Frankfurt Airport, Terminal 2), Cologne (135 minutes), Luxembourg (105 minutes) and several other cities in western Germany and the region.


The airport has no railway station. The nearest train station is in Traben-Trarbach (20 kilometers by road, 10 kilometers as the crow flies), the terminus of the PünderichTraben-Trarbach railway. The nearest long-distance railway stations are Bullay (15 kilometers northwest, on the KoblenzTrierSaarbrücken line), and Idar-Oberstein (26 kilometers south) on the MainzBad KreuznachSaarbrücken line. Frequent buses also run to the main railway station of nearby cities, the closest being Mainz (70 minutes, 60 km or 37 mi to the east) and Koblenz (65 minutes, 50 kilometers northeast). FrankfurtHahn Airport is almost equidistant from Frankfurt and Luxembourg.


The nearest Autobahn connections are approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the west (A1) or east (A 61). Parking and car rental are available at the airport.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "FrankfurtHahn Airport: Traffic Data". FrankfurtHahn Airport.
  2. ^ South China Morning Post: "HNA to buy majority stake in Hahn airport in Germany If deal goes ahead, it will help take the owner of Hainan Airlines take a step closer to becoming one of the worlds top 100 companies" by Sandy Li 6 March 2017
  3. ^ a b "State aid: Commission approves public support to Frankfurt-Hahn airport" (Press release). European Commission. 31 July 2017.
  4. ^ Siegert, Alice (2 July 1992). "Cold War`s End Chills Small German Towns". Chicago Tribune.
  5. ^ Prada, Paulo (22 November 2001). "Ryanair to Use Frankfurt's Hahn Airport As Its Second Base on the Continent". The Wall Street Journal.(subscription required)
  6. ^ Scally, Derek (20 March 2002). "Court rules Ryanair misled customers". The Irish Times.
  7. ^ Creaton, Siobhan (26 March 2004). "Ryanair flies to rescue of Frankfurt-Hahn airport". The Irish Times.
  8. ^ "ETIHAD CRYSTAL CARGO SWITCHES TO FRANKFURT-HAHN" (Press release). FrankfurtHahn Airport. 27 April 2007.
  9. ^ Barnard, Bruce (3 February 2009). "Fraport Sells Germany's Hahn Airport". The Journal of Commerce.
  10. ^ "FrankfurtHahn Airport sets world record in air freight" (Press release). FrankfurtHahn Airport. 12 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Umzug nach Frankfurt/Main Etihad Cargo verlässt Frankfurt-Hahn". airliners.de. 16 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Frankfurt-Hahn vor dem Aus?". austrianaviation.net.
  13. ^ "Germany questions use of regional airports". Deutsche Welle. 6 April 2013.
  14. ^ Reeg, Caitlan (19 February 2014). "Security Staff Strike at Frankfurt-Hahn Airport". The Wall Street Journal.(subscription required)
  15. ^ "Ryanair streicht Angebot am Hahn weiter zusammen". airliners.de. 15 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Größter Frachtkunde am Flughafen Hahn zieht sich zurück". airliners.de.
  17. ^ "Rheinland-Pfalz will Flughafen Hahn weiterhin verkaufen". airliners.de. 18 March 2015.
  18. ^ "Air France KLM Cargo Verlaesst Hahn". aero.de (in German). 4 July 2016.
  19. ^ "RAF Avia adds freighter to Hahn operation". Air Cargo News. 2 September 2016.
  20. ^ Maushagen, Peter (6 June 2016). "Chinese buy Germany's Hahn airport for tourists, freight". Reuters.
  21. ^ Bellon, Tina (6 July 2016). "Sale of Germany's Hahn airport to Chinese firm close to collapse". Reuters.
  22. ^ Lennane, Alex (5 September 2017). "Frankfurt-Hahn gets back on track with new services". The Load Star.
  23. ^ Weinland, Don (10 August 2017). "HNA buys German airport despite pressure on debt". Financial Times.
  24. ^ Taylor, Ian (10 August 2017). "China's HNA takes over Frankfurt Hahn". Travel Weekly.
  25. ^ "Ryanair moves routes from Frankfurt-Hahn to Frankfurt am Main". Aviator. 24 February 2018.
  26. ^ eifelzeitung.de 2 May 2019
  27. ^ "FrankfurtHahn Airport: Restaurants". FrankfurtHahn Airport.
  28. ^ hahn-airport.de Destinations. Retrieved 26 December 2018
  29. ^ Liu, Jim. "FlyOne adds Frankfurt Hahn service from April 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  30. ^ ""Ryanair" uvodi novi let - Iz Banjaluke u Frankfurt". nezavisne.com. 29 October 2019.
  31. ^ Liu, Jim (17 July 2019). "Wizz Air boosts Kutaisi network from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  32. ^ Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air 4Q19 New routes launch as of 05SEP19". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  33. ^ silkwayairlines.com - Our network retrieved 3 November 2019
  34. ^ "Sky Gates Airlines flights from Hahn (HHN) to Moscow (SVO)". flightera.net. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  35. ^ "Sky Gates Airlines flights from Novosibirsk (OVB) to Hahn (HHN) Flightera". flightera.net. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  36. ^ welt.de - Neue Frachtflüge von China zum Flughafen Hahn (German) 25 June 2018
  37. ^ aircargonews.net - Suparna adds new B747 Xian-Hahn flight 29 August 2017
  38. ^ hahn-airport.de - Airlines on site retrieved 3 November 2019
  39. ^ https://www.adv.aero/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12.2018-ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf

External links

Media related to Frankfurt-Hahn Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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