General Mitchell International Airport
2006 USGS Orthophoto
|Operator||Milwaukee County Airport Department|
|Location||5300 South Howell Avenue|
|Elevation AMSL||729 ft / 222 m|
General Mitchell International Airport (IATA: MKE, ICAO: KMKE, FAA LID: MKE) is a civil-military airport five miles (8 km) south of downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 20192023, in which it is categorized as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.
It is named after United States Army Air Service General Billy Mitchell, who was raised in Milwaukee and is often regarded as the father of the United States Air Force. Along with being the primary airport for Milwaukee, Mitchell International has sometimes been described as Chicago's third airport, as many travelers in the suburbs north of Chicago use it instead of Chicago's O'Hare and Midway airports. It is also used by travellers throughout Wisconsin and Northern Illinois. An Amtrak railway station opened at the airport in 2005; the station is served by Amtrak's Hiawatha Service running between Chicago and Milwaukee several times daily. Since March 1941, the airport's weather station has been used as the official point for Milwaukee weather observations and records by the National Weather Service, whose area office is located in Sullivan.
The original airfield was established in 1920 as Hamilton Airport by local business owner and aviator, Thomas Hamilton. Milwaukee County purchased the land on October 19, 1926, for the Milwaukee County Airport. The first airport terminal there, the Hirschbuehl Farmhouse, opened in July 1927. That month, Northwest Airlines, Inc., began air service from Milwaukee to Chicago and Minneapolis/St. Paul. In August 1927, world-renowned aviator Charles Lindbergh visited the Milwaukee airport. Kohler Aviation Corporation began providing passenger service across Lake Michigan on August 31, 1929. During the late depression years (from 1938 to July 1940), a new two-story passenger terminal building was constructed by the Works Progress Administration. On March 17, 1941 the airport was renamed General Mitchell Field after Milwaukee's military airpower advocate, Brigadier General William "Billy" Mitchell. On January 4, 1945, Mitchell Field was leased to the War Department for use as a World War II prisoner-of-war camp. Over 3,000 prisoners and 250 enlisted men stayed at the work camp. Escaped German prisoners were often surprised to find a large German American population just beyond the fence. The present terminal opened on July 20, 1955 and was designed by Leigh Fisher and Associates. It was renovated and expanded in 1985, designed by Miller, Meier, Kenyon, Cooper Architects and Planners Inc. The "hammerhead" section of the D concourse was added in 1990. On June 19, 1986 the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors renamed the airport General Mitchell International Airport.
The airport was formerly a hub for AirTran Airways, Frontier Airlines and Midwest Airlines. On December 28, 2014, the airport became a focus city for Southwest Airlines, after finalizing their merger with AirTran Airways.
In October 2008 a Condé Nast Traveler poll ranked Milwaukee County's General Mitchell International Airport fourth in the nation using categories of Location and Access, Design, Customs and Baggage, Perceived Safety and Security, as well as Food, Shops and Amenities.
Mitchell International expanded the runway safety area at the end of the runways after an accident on January 21, 2007, when Northwest Airlines Flight 1726 skidded off the runway following an aborted takeoff. According to the FAA, most airports are encouraged to have a runway safety area no shorter than 1,000 feet (305 m), though many airports do not. Construction of the runway safety areas began at the end of summer 2009 and was completed in fall 2012.
There is also a "Master Plan" idea to increase terminal area by stretching the existing terminal (in some cases, to almost double the size) or begin construction of a separate terminal. Nearly all cases would involve major reconstruction on the airport itself, and would have a huge impact on the airport's traffic. These plans were, however, drafted before Mitchell saw a significant reduction in carriers and flights. More recently, in 2012, there have been discussions of closing one concourse as a cost-cutting move.
The approved 2018 Milwaukee County Budget contains initial funding for replacement of the now-closed Concourse E with a new International Terminal. It will replace the current International Arrivals Terminal (IAT) which has limited capacity and is not connected to the main terminal building. The new terminal is planned to open in 2020 after the demolition of Concourse E is completed. During October 2018, airport and Milwaukee County officials set a timeline for design, construction and completion of the new International terminal. Pre-design work and bidding is set to conclude in November of 2018, with construction set to begin in early 2020 and likely concluding in mid-2021. 
General Mitchell International Airport covers 2,180 acres (880 ha) and has five asphalt and concrete runways ranging from 4,183 to 9,990 ft (1,463 to 3,045 m). A helipad measuring 100 by 100 ft (30 x 30m) is on the south side of the airport property. The 07R/25L runway has an overpass with Howell Avenue (WI-38) running underneath. For the year ending June 30, 2018, the airport had 112,932 aircraft operations, an average of 309 per day: 56% commercial airline, 32% air taxi, 10% general aviation and 2% military. In January 2019, there were 95 aircraft based at this airport: 33 single-engine, 27 multi-engine, 25 jet and 10 various military aircraft. The main building houses the Mitchell Gallery of Flight, a non-profit museum on the concession level, the usual retail outlets, including a small food court and a branch of Renaissance Books which is believed to be the world's first used book store in an airport. In 2015 the airport added three lactation stations not associated with restrooms for breastfeeding. There are also play areas for children throughout the airport. An observation lot along the northern edge of the airport is open to the public and tower communications are rebroadcast using a low-power FM transmitter for visitors to tune in on their car radios. There is also a new lot on 6th Street, with a Wisconsin historical marker giving the airport's history. In 2008, then airport director Barry Bateman jokingly designated an area in Concourse C following security checkpoint the "Recombobulation Area". All the airports concourses now have signs marking "Recombobulation Areas" with chairs where travelers can get their belongings back together after passing through security. The reception by travelers has been positive.
General Mitchell International Airport has 38 gates of which 31 are equipped with jet bridges on two concourses in one terminal. All international arrivals lacking border preclearance must pass through the International Arrivals Building.
In April 2017, all airlines housed in Concourse E began moving to Concourse C. This would allow the airport to remodel the concourse and move International Arrivals processing into the terminal. Following redevelopment of Concourse E, the current International Arrivals Building just north of the main terminals will close.
|Air Canada Express||TorontoPearson|||
|Allegiant Air|| St. Petersburg/Clearwater |
Seasonal: Orlando/Sanford, Phoenix/Mesa, Punta Gorda (FL)
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, PhoenixSky Harbor|||
|American Eagle||Charlotte, ChicagoOHare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia|||
|Apple Vacations||Seasonal: Cancún, Cozumel, Los Cabos, Montego Bay, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana|||
|Delta Air Lines|| Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City (resumes April 2, 2019), Seattle/Tacoma (resumes May 1, 2019)|
|Delta Connection|| Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkLaGuardia, Salt Lake City (ends April 1, 2019), Seattle/Tacoma (ends April 30, 2019)|
|Frontier Airlines|| Denver, Las Vegas, Orlando|
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, Raleigh/Durham, San Diego, Tampa
|Southwest Airlines|| Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Cleveland, DallasLove, Denver, Fort Myers, HoustonHobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, New YorkLaGuardia, Orlando, PhoenixSky Harbor, St. Louis, Tampa, WashingtonNational|
Seasonal: Cancún (resumes March 9, 2019), Fort Lauderdale, San Diego, San Francisco
|United Airlines||ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, Newark|||
|United Express||ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark|||
|Domestic destinations map|
|International destinations map|
|AirNet Systems||ChicagoMidway, Green Bay, St. PaulDowntown|
|DHL Aviation||Cincinnati, Winnipeg|
|FedEx Express||Appleton, Chicago OHare, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul|
|FedEx Feeder||Escanaba, Houghton, Iron Mountain, Marquette, Rhinelander, ChicagoMidway|
|Freight Runners Express||Appleton, Green Bay, Madison, Middleton, Mineral Point, Mosinee, Oshkosh, Peoria, Rhinelander, Rochester (MN), West Chicago, Wisconsin Dells|
|Martinaire||Iron Mountain, Ironwood|
|Pro Aire Cargo||Rhinelander|
|Royal Air Freight||Pontiac|
|UPS Airlines|| Louisville|
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
|2||Delta Air Lines||1,284,000||18.84%|
|1||Atlanta, Georgia||408,510||Delta, Southwest|
|2||Denver, Colorado||267,280||Frontier, Southwest, United|
|3||Minneapolis/St Paul, Minnesota||228,840||Delta|
|4||Phoenix, Arizona||212,030||American, Frontier, Southwest|
|5||Orlando, Florida||197,520||Delta, Frontier, Southwest|
|6||ChicagoO'Hare, Illinois||189,280||American, United|
|7||Las Vegas, Nevada||167,500||Frontier, Southwest|
|9||New YorkLaGuardia, New York||157,990||Delta, Southwest|
|10||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||139,900||American, Frontier|
The airport also hosts the General Mitchell Air National Guard Base on the eastern area of the airport property, home to the 128th Air Refueling Wing (128 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Wisconsin Air National Guard flying the KC-135R Stratotanker. The wing performs both Federal and State missions and consists of approximately 1000 Air National Guard personnel, both full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technicians (ART), as well as traditional part-time guardsmen, available for worldwide deployment in support of Air Mobility Command and combatant commander tasking. The wing also maintains a KC-135 flight simulator, providing training proficiency for its own crews, as well as other KC-135 flight crews in other air refueling wings and air mobility wings in the Regular U.S. Air Force, the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air National Guard.
Prior to 2007, a second military installation on the southwestern portion of the airport property was known as "General Mitchell Air Reserve Station" and was home to the 440th Airlift Wing (440 AW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) flying the C-130H Hercules. While based at General Mitchell ARS, the 440 AW numbered in excess of 1500 full-time AGR, ART and part-time traditional reservists. Pursuant to 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC) action, the 440 AW relocated to Pope AFB, North Carolina, in 2007 and the former AFRC facilities were turned over to the Air National Guard, resulting in the installation's renaming.
United Airlines and Air Canada, both of which currently operate from Concourse E, will move to Concourse C
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