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Airport Hamburg (Germany) - Fuhlsbüttel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for Eurowings
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Location of Hamburg Airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 17,622,997
Passenger change 1617 8.6%
Aircraft movements 159,780
Movements change 1617 0.5%
Sources: Airport's website[1]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 17,622,997 passengers and 159,780 aircraft movements in 2017[4] and is named after Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations[6] of which four are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark, Tabriz and Tehran.

The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, where the Airbus factory site is located.


Early years

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

In June 2017, easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg from summer 2018 as part of a refocus on its core hub airports. Routes will not be affected as they will be served from other Easyjet bases. (Reuters).


Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with Wide-body aircraft, however during 2016 three gates were upgraded with double-Jet bridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes like Airbus A380. [11] The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Emirates plans to replace one B777 daily with such aircraft in route. [11] Currently there is no scheduled A380 routes, however Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery. Therefore, the apron facilities had already been upgraded for the use by A380s before the terminal stands.[11]


Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Germanwings and Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[12]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana (begins 25 March 2018)[13]
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo, St Petersburg
airBaltic Riga
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, TenerifeSouth
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: IstanbulAtatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
BMI Regional Bristol
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Zakynthos (begins 29 April 2018)[14]
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, Kraków (ends 21 March 2018),[15] LondonGatwick, LondonLuton (ends 24 March 2018),[15] Manchester, Salzburg (ends 23 March 2018),[15] Venice, Zürich (ends 24 March 2018)[15]
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Fuerteventura (ends 24 March 2018),[15] Lanzarote (ends 22 March 2018),[15] Naples, Nice
Emirates DubaiInternational
Eurowings Amsterdam, Barcelona, Budapest, Catania, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Cologne/Bonn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (ends 22 March 2018), Klagenfurt, Lanzarote,[16] LondonHeathrow, Manchester, MilanMalpensa, Munich (begins 25 March 2018),[17], Nice, Nuremberg, Olbia, OsloGardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, StockholmArlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse (ends 23 March 2018), Venice, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Bastia, Cagliari, Corfu (begins 8 May 2018),[18] Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck,[19] Jerez de la Frontera,[20] Jersey (begins 6 May 2018),[21] Kos, La Palma, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rhodes, Rijeka, Split, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki, Zadar, Zagreb
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham[22]
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam[23]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Paphos, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Seasonal: Bodrum, Gazipaa, Fuerteventura, La Palma, Rhodes, Samos (begins 26 June 2018),[24] Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh,[24] Varna
HOP! Nantes[25]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Nordica Tallinn
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante (ends 23 March 2018), Gran Canaria, Málaga, OsloGardermoen, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Barcelona
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[26] TehranImam Khomeini[27]
Rhein-Neckar Air Mannheim
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 25 March 2018), Faro, Gran Canaria, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Seville,[28] Sofia, Valencia, Verona
Seasonal: Brussels, Katowice, Sandefjord, Thessaloniki, Treviso
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Bergen (begins 25 June 2018)[29]
SkyWork Airlines Bern
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[30] Marsa Alam,[31] Palma de Mallorca, Sharm El Sheikh[32]
SunExpress Ankara,[33] Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri (begins 2 May 2018)[34]
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca (ends 24 March 2018), TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Boa Vista,[33] Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Rhodes, Sal,[33] Trieste (begins 13 May 2018)[35]
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir,[36] Tunis[37]
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Vueling Barcelona
Widerøe Bergen (begins 15 August 2018)[38]
Wizz Air Gdask, KievZhuliany, Skopje
Airlines Destinations
FedEx Feeder Cologne/Bonn, ParisCharles de Gaulle


Passengers and movements
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 9,490,432 158,569 43,076
2002 8,946,505 150,271 40,871
2003 9,529,924 149,362 36,018
2004 9,893,700 151,434 37,080
2005 10,676,016 156,180 32,677
2006 11,954,117 168,395 38,211
2007 12,780,631 173,516 44,204
2008 12,838,350 172,067 37,266
2009 12,229,319 157,487 31,595
2010 12,962,429 157,180 27,330
2011 13,558,261 158,076 27,588
2012 13,697,402 152,890 28,174
2013 13,502,553 143,802 28,302
2014 14,760,280 153,879 28,948
2015 15,610,072 158,398 31,294
2016 16,223,968 160,904 35,284
2017 17,622,997 159,780 36,863
Sources: ADV,[39] Hamburg Airport[40]
Busiest routes
Busiest non European routes from Hamburg (2017)[41]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Dubai, UAE 214,919 Emirates
2 Antalya, Turkey 147,148 Condor, Corendon Airlines, Eurowings, SunExpress, Turkish Airlines
3 Hurghada, Egypt 39,007 Condor, Germania, SunExpress Deutschland
4 Izmir, Turkey 30,213 Eurowings, SunExpress, Turkish Airlines
5 Reykjavik-Keflavík 27,494 Eurowings, Icelandair
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2017)[41]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 978,426 Condor, easyJet, Eurowings, Niki, Ryanair, TUI fly Deutschland
2 London, United Kingdom 834,930 British Airways, easyJet, Eurowings, Ryanair
3 Zürich, Switzerland 711,492 Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines
4 Vienna, Austria 585,984 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
5 Paris, France 481,098 Air France, Eurowings
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2017)[41]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Munich 868,564 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
2 Frankfurt 698,152 Lufthansa
3 Stuttgart 343,463 Air Berlin, Eurowings
4 Düsseldorf 304,979 Air Berlin, Eurowings
5 Cologne/Bonn 241,119 Air Berlin, Eurowings

Ground transportation


The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.


By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.


The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.


  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[42]

See also


  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. 
  3. ^ "Latest news easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide"[permanent dead link] (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ a b c abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  12. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Adria plans new expansion in S18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2017-12-01. 
  14. ^ https://www.condor.com/eu/generated/timetable_S2018.pdf
  15. ^ a b c d e f easyjet.com - Flugplan (German) retrieved 28 January 2018
  16. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275172/eurowings-plans-new-routes-launch-in-1q18/
  17. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html
  18. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274369/eurowings-s18-new-routes-as-of-17aug17/
  19. ^ "Eurowings adds Hamburg Innsbruck service from Dec 2017". Routesonline. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  20. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html
  21. ^ "New routes". Eurowings. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  22. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php
  23. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/170322_MeinAirport_screen.pdf#page=17&zoom=auto,-18,548
  24. ^ a b "Route Map". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  25. ^ http://www.flugrevue.de/zivilluftfahrt/airlines/dreimal-deutschland-mit-hop/725920
  26. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/de/9610.php
  27. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-27100/Flughafen-Hamburg-und-Qeshm-Air-profitieren-von-Iran-Oeffnung.html
  28. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-26008/Neue-Ryanair-Strecken-ab-Nuernberg.html
  29. ^ http://www.airliners.de/sas-hamburg-bergen/42677
  30. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php
  31. ^ https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do[permanent dead link]
  32. ^ https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do[permanent dead link]
  33. ^ a b c http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  34. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php
  35. ^ TUIfly begin summer seasonal service to Trieste
  36. ^ http://www.airliners.de/tunisair-monastir-routen/42051
  37. ^ http://info.flightmapper.net/route/YY_HAM_TUN
  38. ^ https://www.hamburg-airport.de/de/10323.php
  39. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  40. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  41. ^ a b c Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen 2017, Statistisches Bundesamt
  42. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage

This article based on this article: Hamburg_Airportexternal Link from the free encyclopedia Wikipediaexternal Link and work with the GNU Free Documentation License. In Wikipedia is this list of the authorsexternal Link.