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Airport Hamburg (Germany) - Fuhlsbüttel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Map
HAM
HAM
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 16,223,968
Passenger change 1516 3.9%
Aircraft movements 160,904
Movements change 1516 1.4%
Sources: Airport's website [1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 16,223,968 passengers and 160,904 aircraft movements in 2016[4] and is named after Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of March 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations[6] of which three are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark and Tehran.

The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, where the Airbus factory site is located.

History

Early years

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

2017 chemical incident

Shortly after 12pm local time on 12 February 2017, an "unknown and uncommon" chemical, likely pepper spray according to officials,[11] was circulated around the airport. At least 50 people were seriously injured and were taken to hospital by ambulance. Firefighters completely evacuated the airport and passengers were forced to wait outside the airport in sub-zero temperatures. All flights have been cancelled and thousands of passengers have been stranded.[12]

Shortly after 12pm local time on 13 February 2017, a second incident was reported. The local authorities, are not sure about the official cause of the incident, however they assume that it was linked to residue of the spray from the previous incident.[13]

Facilities

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with widebody aircraft, however during 2016 three stands will be upgraded with double-jetbridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes. These positions will be capable of handling the Airbus A380.[14]

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380.[14] Currently there is no scheduled A380 routes, however Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery. Therefore, the apron facilities had already been upgraded for the use by A380s before the terminal stands.[14]

Terminals

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Germanwings and Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[15]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg
airBaltic Riga
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Munich, Stuttgart (ends 1 May 2017)[16]
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Bordeaux, Lyon, Marseille
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Istanbul-Atatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 3 June 2017),[17] Liverpool
BMI Regional Bristol
Borajet Seasonal charter: Antalya (begins 21 July 2017)[18]
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, Kraków, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples (ends 26 October 2017), Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Venice, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante, Bordeaux (begins 4 June 2017),[19] Catania,Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Olbia, Pula, Rhodes (begins 5 June 2017),[19] Split, Thessaloniki, Valencia (begins 28 June 2017)[19]
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Emirates Dubai-International
Eurowings Birmingham (ends 11 June 2017),[20] Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, La Palma (begins 4 November 2017),[21] London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia, Bologna, Cagliari, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Geneva (ends 8 May 2017),[22] Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Klagenfurt, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kos, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Verona, Zadar, Zagreb
Finnair Helsinki
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam (begins 28 June 2017)[23]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Marrakesh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería (begins 5 May 2017),[24] Bodrum, Gazipaa, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, La Palma, Paphos, Rhodes, Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 3 November 2017),[25] Varna (begins 24 May 2017)[26]
Seasonal charter: Adana, Antalya, Hurghada (begins 6 May 2017),[27] Menorca, Palma de Mallorca
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Niki Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck (begins 8 December 2017),[28] Kos, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Nordica
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Tallinn (begins 16 May 2017)[26]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife-South
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Mannheim
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 29 October 2017),[26] Faro (begins 1 May 2017),[29] Gran Canaria, Katowice, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2017), Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Sandefjord (begins 30 October 2017),[30] Seville (begins 30 October 2017),[30] Sofia, Thessaloniki, Treviso, Valencia, Verona, Venice (begins 5 October 2017)[31]
Seasonal: Brussels
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
SkyWork Airlines Bern
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal charter: Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca
SunExpress Adana (begins 6 May 2017),[26] Ankara (begins 4 May 2017),[26] Antalya, Elazig (begins 16 June 2017),[26] Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Fuerteventura (begins 5 May 2017)[26]
Seasonal: Hurghada, Marrakesh, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Sal (both resume 3 November 2017)[26]
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga
Wizz Air Gdask, Kiev-Zhuliany, Skopje
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Cologne/Bonn, Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics

Passengers and movements
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 9,490,432 158,569 43,076
2002 8,946,505 150,271 40,871
2003 9,529,924 149,362 36,018
2004 9,893,700 151,434 37,080
2005 10,676,016 156,180 32,677
2006 11,954,117 168,395 38,211
2007 12,780,631 173,516 44,204
2008 12,838,350 172,067 37,266
2009 12,229,319 157,487 31,595
2010 12,962,429 157,180 27,330
2011 13,558,261 158,076 27,588
2012 13,697,402 152,890 28,174
2013 13,502,553 143,802 28,302
2014 14,760,280 153,879 28,948
2015 15,610,072 158,398 31,294
2016 16,220,000 160,650 35,284
Sources: ADV,[32] Hamburg Airport[33]
Busiest routes
Busiest non European routes from Hamburg (2015)[34]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Antalya, Turkey 475,806
2 Dubai, UAE 129,624
3 Hurghada, Egypt 96,150
4 Izmir, Turkey 65,530
5 Newark, USA 44,840
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2015)[34]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 London, United Kingdom 706,844
2 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 694,302
3 Zürich, Switzerland 528,726
4 Vienna, Austria 479,062
5 Paris, France 354,010
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2014)[35]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Munich 1,347,070
2 Frankfurt 733,060
3 Stuttgart 702,884
4 Düsseldorf 452,750
5 Nuremberg 221,544

Ground transportation

Train

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.

Trivia

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. 
  3. ^ "Latest news easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (English) Traffic Figures Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ "Officials say Hamburg airport scare was likely pepper spray", Associated Press. Fox News. February 12, 2017. Retrieved 13 feb 2017
  12. ^ "Hamburg airport evacuated after toxin affects 50 passengers". The Guardian. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Neuer Rettungseinsatz am Hamburger Flughafen", NDR. February 13, 2017. Retrieved 20 feb 2017
  14. ^ a b c abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  15. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ airberlin.com - Book flights retrieved 1 April 2017
  17. ^ Blue Air anun noi rute (Romanian)
  18. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/170322_MeinAirport_screen.pdf#page=13&zoom=auto,-18,18
  19. ^ a b c http://www.airliners.de/easyjet-sommer-strecken-hamburg/40277
  20. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/skysales/Select.aspx
  21. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/angebote/fluege-ab/DE/HAM/nach/ES/SPC.html
  22. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/skysales/Select.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/170322_MeinAirport_screen.pdf#page=17&zoom=auto,-18,548
  24. ^ http://www.airliners.de/neue-hamburg-verbindung-germania/39461
  25. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php#content-950
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  27. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php#content-950
  28. ^ http://www.airliners.de/niki-innsbruck-verbindungen/41245
  29. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269009/ryanair-expands-faro-routes-in-s17/
  30. ^ a b http://www.aero.de/news-26008/Neue-Ryanair-Strecken-ab-Nuernberg.html
  31. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/de/de/preiswerte-flugziele
  32. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  33. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  34. ^ a b MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2015 - DEC 2015, Hamburg Airport
  35. ^ MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2014 - DEC 2014, Hamburg Airport
  36. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage


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