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Airport Hamburg (Germany) - Fuhlsbüttel

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Hamburg Airport

Flughafen Hamburg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
OperatorFlughafen Hamburg GmbH
ServesHamburg, Germany
Hub forEurowings
Focus city for
Built1911
Elevation AMSL53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Websiteairport.de
Map
HAM
Location of Hamburg Airport
HAM
HAM (Germany)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers17,231,687
Passenger change 17182.2%
Aircraft movements156,388
Movements change 17182.1%
Sources: Airport's website[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. Since November 2016 the official name has become Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt, after the former German chancellor Helmut Schmidt. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a hub for Eurowings and focus cities for Condor, Ryanair, and TUI fly Deutschland.

Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 17,231,687 passengers and 156,388 aircraft movements in 2018.[3] It is named after former senator of Hamburg and chancellor of Germany, Helmut Schmidt.[4] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 mostly European metropolitan and leisure destinations[5] as well as three are long-haul routes to Dubai, Tabriz and Tehran. The airport is equipped to handle wide-bodied aircraft including the Airbus A380.[6]

Hamburg's other airport, Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, is not open to commercial traffic. This is where the Airbus factory site is located.

History

Early years

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world that still in operation,´. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the German military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor near Kaltenkirchen. Among the reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced it was leaving Hamburg Airport entirely due to increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes would not resume, all remaining destinations were cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it was officially announced that the airport was to be named after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[4] On 10 November 2016, the airport was renamed Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced the closure of its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

In June 2017, easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg by March 2018 as part of a refocus on other base airports. While over half of the former services were cut, several routes remained in place as they are served from other easyJet bases. In October 2018, United Airlines announced the end of its seasonal service to Newark, leaving the airport with only three long-haul routes, all to the Middle East and no direct services to North America.[11]

Facilities

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with Wide-body aircraft, however during 2016 three gates were upgraded with double-Jet bridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes like Airbus A380.[12] The runways, taxiways and aprons can accommodate large aircraft, including the Airbus A380. Emirates plans to replace one Boeing 777 with A380 aircraft on the route.[12] On 28 May 2018, Emirates announced it would commence services from Dubai International Airport to Hamburg with the A380.[13]

Terminals

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg and Partners. Both terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 (despite its name, the older facility) was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings and Lufthansa with its Star Alliance partners, amongst others.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[14]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal charter: Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Split[15]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, TenerifeSouth
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta[16]
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Istanbul
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways Friedrichshafen,[17] LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Agadir, Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Olbia, Rhodes, Zakynthos
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir[18]
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Heraklion,[17] Hurghada (begins 7 November 2019)[17]
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, LondonGatwick, Manchester, Venice
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Nice, Salzburg
Emirates DubaiInternational
Eurowings[19] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bodrum,[20] Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Lanzarote, LondonHeathrow, MilanMalpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, OsloGardermoen (resumes 27 October 2019), Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pristina, RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, StockholmArlanda, Stuttgart, Thessaloniki, Venice, Vienna, Zurich
Seasonal: Adana,[21] Antalya,[20] Bari, Bastia, Cagliari, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Marsa Alam, Monastir,[22] Naples, Olbia, ReykjavikKeflavík, Rhodes, Rijeka, Split, TenerifeSouth, Tunis,[23] Zadar, Zagreb
Seasonal charter: Menorca[24]
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham[17]
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam,[25] Sharm El Sheikh[26]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
HOP! Nantes[27]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair ReykjavikKeflavík
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
Level Vienna[28]
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Norwegian Air Shuttle Gran Canaria, Málaga, OsloGardermoen, TenerifeSouth
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir[29]
Seasonal: Antalya
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[30] TehranImam Khomeini[31]
Rhein-Neckar Air Mannheim
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gdask (begins 27 October 2019), Gran Canaria (ends 7 January 2020),[32][33] Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, LondonStansted, Madrid (ends 5 November 2019), Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Seville, Sofia, Treviso, Valencia (ends 30 October 2019), Verona (ends 25 October 2019)
Seasonal: Faro, Sandefjord, Thessaloniki, Zadar[34]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Bergen[35]
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Burgas,[36] Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Bodrum[37]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal
Tunisair Monastir[38]
Seasonal: Djerba
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir
Vueling Barcelona
Widerøe Bergen[39]
Wizz Air Gdask, KievZhuliany, Kutaisi (begins 3 July 2020),[40][41] Skopje, Varna[42]

Statistics

Passengers and movements
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 9,490,432 158,569 43,076
2002 8,946,505 150,271 40,871
2003 9,529,924 149,362 36,018
2004 9,893,700 151,434 37,080
2005 10,676,016 156,180 32,677
2006 11,954,117 168,395 38,211
2007 12,780,631 173,516 44,204
2008 12,838,350 172,067 37,266
2009 12,229,319 157,487 31,595
2010 12,962,429 157,180 27,330
2011 13,558,261 158,076 27,588
2012 13,697,402 152,890 28,174
2013 13,502,553 143,802 28,302
2014 14,760,280 153,879 28,948
2015 15,610,072 158,398 31,294
2016 16,223,968 160,904 35,284
2017 17,622,997 159,780 36,863
2018 17,231,687 156,388 33,473
Sources: ADV,[43] Hamburg Airport[44]
Busiest routes
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2017)[45]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Munich 1,738,973 Eurowings, Lufthansa
2 Frankfurt 1,394,973 Lufthansa
3 Stuttgart 690,451 Eurowings
4 Düsseldorf 607,141 Eurowings
5 Cologne/Bonn 486,034 Eurowings
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2017)[45]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Palma de Mallorca 982,336 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Ryanair, TUI fly Deutschland
2 Zurich 707,970 Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines
3 Vienna 590,638 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 London-Heathrow 580,721 British Airways, Eurowings
5 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 483,763 Air France, Eurowings
Busiest intercontinental routes from Hamburg (excl. European part of Turkey) (2017)[45]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Dubai-International 430,290 Emirates
2 Antalya 295,178 Condor Flugdienst, Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 114,079 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4 Hurghada 76,928 Condor Flugdienst, FlyEgypt
5 Izmir 60,804 SunExpress, Turkish Airlines

Ground transportation

Train

The airport is around 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. S-Bahn service S1, operated by Deutsche Bahn operates every ten minutes between the airport, Ohlsdorf, Wandsbek, Hamburg central station, Altona, Blankenese and Wedel. It is part of the HVV fare organisation offering tickets for all modes of public transportation in Hamburg. Going towards the airport, S1 trains split at Ohlsdorf station, with one portion going to the airport and the other going to Poppenbüttel.

Car

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.

Trivia

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for the world's largest miniature airport, named Knuffingen Airport, part of Miniatur Wunderland.[46]

See also

References

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
  3. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures Official website
  4. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  5. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  6. ^ hamburg.de - A380 kann kommen: Fluggastbrücken stehen in Hamburg bereit (German) 12 October 2018
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Our history". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ routesonline.com - United Airlines removes Hamburg service in S19 16 October 2018
  12. ^ a b abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  13. ^ "Emirates announces start of scheduled A380 service into Hamburg".
  14. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  15. ^ https://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/1810_05_Mein_Airport_web.pdf
  16. ^ "Air Malta kommt nach Hamburg und Leipzig".
  17. ^ a b c d "Flughafen Hamburg - News and Events". Haminfo-terminal.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Corendon Airlines Hub Izmir". corendonairlines.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  19. ^ eurowings.com - Route network retrieved 16 September 2018
  20. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Eurowings files additional short-haul routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  21. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/entdecken/reiseziele/neue-strecken.html
  22. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/entdecken/reiseziele/neue-strecken.html
  23. ^ Tunis
  24. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  25. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  26. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  27. ^ "Neue Routen ab Herbst: Dreimal Deutschland mit Hop!".
  28. ^ Level S19 Schedule Announced
  29. ^ "Pegasus adds Hamburg / Rotterdam service in W18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Qeshm Airlines startet neue Strecke von Hamburg nach Tabriz". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  31. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg und Qeshm Air profitieren von Iran-Öffnung". 15 July 2017.
  32. ^ https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/0823/1070574-ryanair-to-close-4-spanish-bases-next-year-union/
  33. ^ https://www.ryanair.com
  34. ^ "Ryanair Verkündet Sommerflugplan 2019: 24 Neue Strecken In Deutschland". Ryanair. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  35. ^ "SAS verbindet Hamburg mit Bergen".
  36. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "SunExpress Germany S19 network additions as of 18OCT18". routesonline.com.
  37. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  38. ^ "Tunisair bietet Monastir-Routen wieder an".
  39. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Widerøe verbindet Hamburg neu mit Bergen". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  40. ^ Liu, Jim (17 July 2019). "Wizz Air boosts Kutaisi network from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  41. ^ Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air 4Q19 New routes launch as of 05SEP19". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  42. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2018/12/12/wizz-air-announces-further-expansion-of-its-varna-base#/
  43. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  44. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  45. ^ a b c Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen 2017, Statistisches Bundesamt
  46. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.

External links

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage


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