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Airport Hamburg (Germany) - Fuhlsbüttel

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for Eurowings
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°3749N 009°5928E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Location of Hamburg Airport
HAM (Germany)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 17,622,997
Passenger change 1617 8.6%
Aircraft movements 159,780
Movements change 1617 0.5%
Sources: Airport's website[1]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Eurowings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 17,622,997 passengers and 159,780 aircraft movements in 2017.[4] Its is named after former senator of Hamburg and chancellor of Germany, Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations[6] of which four are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark, Tabriz and Tehran.

The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, where the Airbus factory site is located.


Early years

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world that still operates today. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the German military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced it was leaving Hamburg Airport entirely due to increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced the closure of its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

In June 2017, easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg by March 2018 as part of a refocus on other base airports. While over half of the former services were cut, several routes remained in place as they are served from other easyJet bases.


Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with Wide-body aircraft, however during 2016 three gates were upgraded with double-Jet bridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes like Airbus A380.[11] The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Emirates plans to replace one B777 daily with such aircraft in route.[11] On 28 May 2018, Emirates announced to commence services from Dubai International Airport to Hamburg with Airbus A380.[12]


Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, and Partner. Both terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[13]

Adria Airways Ljubljana[14]
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, TenerifeSouth
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta (begins 31 October 2018)[15]
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: IstanbulAtatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Agadir (begins 6 November 2018),[16] Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Zakynthos
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Hurghada[17]
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, LondonGatwick, Manchester, Salzburg (begins 28 October 2018),[16] Venice
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Naples, Nice
Emirates DubaiInternational
Eurowings[18] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Budapest, Catania, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Cologne/Bonn, Klagenfurt (ends 28 March 2019),[18] Lanzarote, LondonHeathrow, Manchester, MilanMalpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Olbia, OsloGardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, RomeFiumicino, Salzburg, StockholmArlanda, Stuttgart, Thessaloniki, Venice, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bari, Bastia, Bilbao, Cagliari, Corfu, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Jersey, Kos, La Palma, Málaga, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rhodes, Rijeka, Split, TenerifeSouth, Zadar, Zagreb
Seasonal charter: Menorca[19]
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham[16]
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton[20]
flybmi[21] Bristol
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam,[22] Sharm El Sheikh[23]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Paphos, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Seasonal: Bodrum, Gazipaa, La Palma, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh,[24] Varna
Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[25] Menorca[19]
HOP! Nantes[26]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Laudamotion Palma de Mallorca[16]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Nordica Tallinn
Norwegian Air Shuttle Gran Canaria, Málaga, OsloGardermoen, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Barcelona
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Olympus Airways Seasonal: Fuerteventura,[27] Gran Canaria,[27] TenerifeSouth[28]
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya[29]
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[30] TehranImam Khomeini[31]
Rhein-Neckar Air Mannheim
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Gran Canaria, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, LondonStansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Seville,[32] Sofia, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Verona
Seasonal: Brussels, Katowice, Kraków (begins 2 April 2019),[33] Sandefjord, Treviso
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Bergen[34]
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal charter: Heraklion,[17] Hurghada,[16] Marsa Alam,[35] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes,[23] Sharm El Sheikh[35]
SunExpress Ankara,[36] Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri[16]
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Bodrum[29]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir,[37] Tunis[38]
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Izmir
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Vueling Barcelona
Widerøe Bergen[39]
Wizz Air Gdask, KievZhuliany, Skopje
FedEx Feeder Cologne/Bonn, ParisCharles de Gaulle[citation needed]


Passengers and movements
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 9,490,432 158,569 43,076
2002 8,946,505 150,271 40,871
2003 9,529,924 149,362 36,018
2004 9,893,700 151,434 37,080
2005 10,676,016 156,180 32,677
2006 11,954,117 168,395 38,211
2007 12,780,631 173,516 44,204
2008 12,838,350 172,067 37,266
2009 12,229,319 157,487 31,595
2010 12,962,429 157,180 27,330
2011 13,558,261 158,076 27,588
2012 13,697,402 152,890 28,174
2013 13,502,553 143,802 28,302
2014 14,760,280 153,879 28,948
2015 15,610,072 158,398 31,294
2016 16,223,968 160,904 35,284
2017 17,622,997 159,780 36,863
Sources: ADV,[40] Hamburg Airport[41]
Busiest routes
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2017)[42]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Munich 1,738,973 Eurowings, Lufthansa
2 Frankfurt 1,394,973 Lufthansa
3 Stuttgart 690,451 Eurowings
4 Düsseldorf 607,141 Eurowings
5 Cologne/Bonn 486,034 Eurowings
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2017)[42]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Palma de Mallorca 982,336 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Ryanair, Small Planet Airlines (Germany), TUI fly Deutschland
2 Zürich 707,970 Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines
3 Vienna 590,638 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 London-Heathrow 580,721 British Airways, Eurowings
5 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 483,763 Air France, Eurowings
Busiest intercontinental routes from Hamburg (excl. European part of Turkey) (2017)[42]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 Dubai-International 430,290 Emirates
2 Antalya 295,178 Condor Flugdienst, Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 114,079 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4 Hurghada 76,928 Condor Flugdienst, FlyEgypt, Small Planet Airlines (Germany)
5 Izmir 60,804 SunExpress, Turkish Airlines

Ground transportation


The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. S-Bahn service S1, operated by Deutsche Bahn operates every ten minutes between the airport, Ohlsdorf, Wandsbek, Hamburg central station, Altona, Blankenese and Wedel. It is part of the HVV fare organisation offering tickets for all modes of public transportation in Hamburg. Going towards the airport, S1 trains split at Ohlsdorf station, with one portion going to the airport and the other going to Poppenbüttel.


By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.


The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.


  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport, named Knuffingen Airport.[43]

See also


  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
  3. ^ "Latest news easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013.
  4. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Our history". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide"[permanent dead link] (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ a b abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  12. ^ "Emirates announces start of scheduled A380 service into Hamburg".
  13. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Adria plans new expansion in S18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  15. ^ "Air Malta kommt nach Hamburg und Leipzig".
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Flughafen Hamburg - News and Events". Haminfo-terminal.com. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  17. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  18. ^ a b eurowings.com - Route network retrieved 16 September 2018
  19. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  20. ^ www.webmark.hu, Webmark Webstúdió -. "Menetrend". www.hevizairport.com.
  21. ^ "bmi regional rebrands as flybmi Blue Swan Daily". blueswandaily.com.
  22. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  23. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  24. ^ "Route Map". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  25. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  26. ^ "Neue Routen ab Herbst: Dreimal Deutschland mit Hop!".
  27. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  28. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  29. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  30. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Qeshm Airlines startet neue Strecke von Hamburg nach Tabriz". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  31. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg und Qeshm Air profitieren von Iran-Öffnung". 15 July 2017.
  32. ^ "Neue Ryanair-Strecken ab Berlin, Hamburg und Nürnberg". 8 February 2017.
  33. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-polen-verbindung-hamburg/46682
  34. ^ "SAS verbindet Hamburg mit Bergen".
  35. ^ a b https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Haminfo-terminal.com. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  37. ^ "Tunisair bietet Monastir-Routen wieder an".
  38. ^ [1][dead link]
  39. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Widerøe verbindet Hamburg neu mit Bergen". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  40. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  41. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  42. ^ a b c Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen 2017, Statistisches Bundesamt
  43. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.

External links

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage

This article based on this article: Hamburg_Airportexternal Link from the free encyclopedia Wikipediaexternal Link and work with the GNU Free Documentation License. In Wikipedia is this list of the authorsexternal Link.