King Abdulaziz International Airport
Mataar Al-Malik Abdulazz Ad-Dowaliy
|Operator||General Authority of Civil Aviation|
|Serves||Jeddah, Saudi Arabia|
|Location||Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 48 ft|
King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: ) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is a Saudi international airport located 19 km to the north of Jeddah. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud and inaugurated in 1981, the airport is the busiest airport of Saudi Arabia and the third-largest airport in the kingdom. The airport's Hajj Terminal was specially built for Muslim pilgrims going to Mecca annually on the Hajj. It is one of the largest in the world, and can handle 80,000 passengers at the same time.
The airport occupies an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles). Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of King Abdullah Air Base for the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing for airport staff. Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on 31 May 1981, the airport opened for service after being officially inaugurated in April 1981.
In 2019, the new King Abdulaziz International Airport had a soft opening with a number of domestic flights transferred to operate from it. The airport is considered one of the largest of its kind worldwide. Visitors and passengers will enjoy a number of facilities including 810,000 square meters lounges and a transport center that links between the building and the car park and train station. Moreover, the airport will have a huge aquarium with 10 meters in diameter and 14 meters in height as well as a capacity of million liter of water. Furthermore, a mosque with a capacity of 3,732 worshippers has been established in the airport. In August 2019, the airport started moving a number of international flights operated by Saudia to this new terminal , and on the 18th of November Etihad has become the first non-Saudi airline to move to this new terminal .
Because of Jeddah's proximity to the holy city of Mecca, the airport has a dedicated Hajj Terminal, built to handle pilgrims taking part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. It can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.
Designed by the Bangladeshi-American engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), it is known for its tent-like roof structure, engineered by Horst Berger while part of Geiger Berger Associates. Ten modules, each consisting of 21 "tents" of white colored Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric suspended from pylons, are grouped together into two blocks of five modules and separated by a landscaped mall between the blocks. Only customs, baggage handling and similar facilities are located in an air-conditioned building. The vast majority of the complex, called "Terminal Support Area", is a flexible, open area, conceived to function like a village, complete with souk (market) and mosque. Not enclosed by walls, this area is sheltered from the intense sun while allowing for natural ventilation; because of this, some consider it to be a green, environmentally-friendly building.
The Hajj Terminal received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983. According to the jury, "the brilliant and imaginative design of the roofing system met the awesome challenge of covering this vast space with incomparable elegance and beauty."
At five million square feet (460,000 m2), the Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal.
Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudia who originally had the exclusive use of the South Terminal. In 2007, however, the privately owned Saudi carriers Flynas and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Due to the closure of Sama Airlines, the terminal was only used by Saudia and Flynas. The terminal is now also used by Flyadeal, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, and Korean Air. The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all other foreign airlines.
The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2006, and is currently scheduled for an official opening in mid 2019. However, as of 2018 local flights have been landing at the airport. The project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.
The expansion includes a brand-new passenger terminal building, a 136-meter tall air traffic control (ATC) tower (the largest in the world), airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems, electronic passenger guidance system and a new storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACAthe General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.
The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route.
|Afriqiyah Airways|| Misrata, TripoliMitiga|
Seasonal: Bayda, Benghazi
|Air Arabia||Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah|
|Air Arabia Egypt||AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Assiut, Luxor, Sohag|
|AirAsia X||Seasonal: Kuala LumpurInternational|
|Airblue||Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar|
|Air Cairo||AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Assiut, Cairo, Sohag|
|Air China||Hajj: Ürümqi|
|Air India|| Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kozhikode (resumes 16 February 2020), Mumbai|
Hajj: Aurangabad, Bhopal
|AlMasria Universal Airlines||AlexandriaBorg el Arab|
|AnadoluJet||IstanbulSabiha Gökçen (begins 29 March 2020)|
|Ariana Afghan Airlines||Kabul, Kandahar|
|AtlasGlobal|| Ankara, Istanbul|
Seasonal: IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
|Azerbaijan Airlines||Seasonal charter: Baku|
|Batik Air||Makassar, Medan, Surakarta/Solo|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines|| Chittagong, Dhaka|
Seasonal: Medan, Semarang, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
|Daallo Airlines||Hargeisa, Mogadishu|
|EgyptAir|| AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Cairo |
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways|| Abu Dhabi|
Hajj: Al Ain
|Flyadeal||Abha, Dammam, Gassim, Riyadh, Tabuk|
|FlyEgypt||AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Sohag|
|Flynas|| Abu Dhabi, Adana, Algiers, AmmanQueen Alia, Baghdad, Beirut, Dammam, DubaiInternational, Erbil, Hatay, Hofuf, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Jizan, Kano, Khartoum, Kuwait, Medina, Riyadh, Sharjah, Sharm El Sheikh, Tabuk, Yanbu|
Seasonal: Kozhikode, Sarajevo, Tbilisi
Charter: Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta
|Garuda Indonesia|| JakartaSoekarno-Hatta |
Seasonal: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Makassar, Medan, Padang, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Hajj: Banjarmasin, Palembang
|IndiGo||Bengaluru (begins 29 March 2020), Delhi, Kozhikode (begins 29 March 2020), Mumbai|
|Iran Air||Hajj: Bandar Abbas, Birjand, Bushehr, Goragan, Isfahan, Medina, Rasht, Shiraz, Urmia, Zahedan|
|Iraqi Airways||Charter: Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Najaf, Sulaimaniyah|
|Jet2.com||Hajj: Leeds/Bradford, Manchester|
|Jubba Airways||Hargeisa, Mogadishu|
|Kabo Air||Hajj: Abuja, Kano|
|Kam Air||Kabul, Kandahar|
|Libyan Airlines||Seasonal: Benghazi, TripoliMitiga|
|Libyan Wings||Charter: Tripoli|
|Lion Air||Seasonal: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Makassar, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo|
|Malaysia Airlines|| Kuala LumpurInternational|
Hajj: Alor Setar, Johor Bahru, Kuala Terengganu, Penang
|Max Air||Hajj: Kano|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Nile Air||AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Assiut, Aswan, Cairo, Luxor, Sohag|
|Oman Air||Muscat, Salalah|
|Pakistan International Airlines|| Faisalabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta, Sialkot|
Hajj: Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalpur
|Palestinian Airlines||El Arish|
|Pegasus Airlines||Seasonal: Trabzon|
|Qeshm Airlines||Hajj: TehranImam Khomeini|
|Royal Air Maroc|| Casablanca|
Hajj: Rabat, Tangier
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Seasonal: Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Royal Jordanian||AmmanQueen Alia|
|Saudia|| Abha, Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Al Baha, AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Algiers, Al Jawf, Al Ula, Al Wajh, AmmanQueen Alia, Amsterdam (resumes 29 March 2020), Ankara, Arar, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Beirut, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, ColomboBandaranaike, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, DubaiInternational, Erbil, Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Guangzhou, Gurayat, Ha'il, Hofuf, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul, JakartaSoekarno-Hatta, Jizan, JohannesburgO.R. Tambo, Kano, Karachi, Khartoum, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kuala LumpurInternational, Kuwait, Lahore, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Lucknow, Madrid, Malč, Manchester, Manila, Mauritius, Medan, Medina, MilanMalpensa, Multan, Mumbai, Munich, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, Najran, New YorkJFK, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Port Sudan, Qaisumah, Rafha, Riyadh, RomeFiumicino, Sharm El Sheikh, Sharurah, Singapore, Tabuk, Ta'if, Tunis, Turaif, Vienna, Wadi al-Dawasir, WashingtonDulles|
Seasonal: Adana, Agadir, Ahmedabad, Ahwaz, Annaba, Batam, Constantine, Fes, Ghardaďa, Izmir, Kolkata, Málaga (resumes 9 June 2020), Marrakech, Mashhad, Oran, Rabat, Surabaya, Tabriz, Tangier
|SaudiGulf Airlines||Baghdad, Dammam, Erbil|
|SpiceJet|| Ahmedabad (begins 20 February 2020), Delhi, Hyderabad, Kozhikode, Mumbai|
|Syrian Air||Hajj: Damascus|
|Thai Airways||Hajj: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Narathiwat, Krabi, Hat Yai|
|Turkish Airlines|| Istanbul, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen (ends 28 March 2020)|
Hajj: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Denizli, Diyarbakr, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Isparta, Izmir, Kayseri, Konya, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Van
|Turkmenistan Airlines||Ashgabat (begins 26 April 2020)|
|Utair Aviation||Hajj: Magas, Kazan|
|Air France Cargo||Dammam, Hong Kong, ParisCharles de Gaulle|
|DHL International Aviation ME||Bahrain|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Sharjah|
|Saudia Cargo||Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dammam, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Khartoum, Kozhikode, Maastricht, Lagos, Lucknow, MilanMalpensa, Mumbai, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, New YorkJFK, N'Djamena, Riyadh, ShanghaiPudong, Sharjah|
Media related to King Abdulaziz International Airport at Wikimedia Commons