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Airport Jeddah - King Abdulaziz International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
King Abdulaziz International Airport
Mataar Al-Malik Abdulazz Ad-Dowaliy
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Operator General Authority of Civil Aviation
Serves Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Location Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 48 ft
Coordinates 21°4046N 039°0924E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667Coordinates: 21°4046N 039°0924E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667
Website www.jed-airport.com
Map
JED
Location of airport in Saudi Arabia
JED
JED (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16L/34R 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,299 10,825 Concrete
16R/34L 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 30,000,000+
Traffic movement 208,209[1]
Economic impact (2012) $11.5 billion[2]
Social impact (2012) 126.7 thousand[2]

King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: ) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is an airport located 19 km to the north of Jeddah. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud and inaugurated in 1981, the airport is the busiest airport of Saudi Arabia and is third-largest airport in the kingdom. The airport is known for its Hajj terminal, which is specially built for Islamic pilgrims going to Mecca annually and can handle 80,000 passengers at the same time.

It can accommodate more aircraft than any other airport in the world. It is claimed that the new phase of the airport will make it the largest airport in the world and the busiest of all airports during the Hajj.[citation needed]

Description

The airport occupies an area of 15 square kilometres (5.8 square miles).[3] Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of Prince Abdullah Air Base for the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing for airport staff. Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on 31 May 1981, the airport opened for service after being officially inaugurated in April 1981.[3]

Facilities

Hajj Terminal

Because of Jeddah's proximity to Islam's holy city of Mecca, the airport is notable for one feature in particular: The Hajj Terminal. Specially built to handle pilgrims to take part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj, it offers many facilities and can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.

Designed by the Bangladeshi-American engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), it is known for its tent-like roof structure, engineered by Horst Berger while part of Geiger Berger Associates.[4] Ten modules, each consisting of 21 "tents" of white colored Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric suspended from pylons, are grouped together into two blocks of five modules and separated by a landscaped mall between the blocks. Only customs, baggage handling and similar facilities are located in an air-conditioned building. The vast majority of the complex, called "Terminal Support Area", is a flexible, open area, conceived to function like a village, complete with souk (market) and mosque. Not enclosed by walls, this area is sheltered from the intense sun while allowing for natural ventilation.[5]

The Hajj Terminal received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983. According to the jury, "the brilliant and imaginative design of the roofing system met the awesome challenge of covering this vast space with incomparable elegance and beauty."[6]

At five million square feet (460,000 m2), the Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal.

Other terminals

Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudia who originally had the exclusive use of the South Terminal. In 2007 however, the privately owned Saudi carriers Flynas and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Due to the closure of Sama Airlines, the terminal was only used by Saudia and Flynas. The terminal is now also used by Flyadeal, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, and Korean Air. The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all other foreign airlines.

Expansion project

The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2011, and is currently scheduled for a soft start in May of 2018.[7] The project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.[citation needed]

The expansion includes brand-new passenger terminal building, air traffic control (ATC) tower, airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems and storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACAthe General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.

The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens[8]
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli
Seasonal: Bayda, Benghazi
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah
Air Arabia Egypt AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Sohag
Air Cairo Assiut, AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Cairo, Sohag
Air Arabia Jordan AmmanQueen Alia
AirAsia X Seasonal: Kuala LumpurInternational
Airblue Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Multan
Air India Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Lucknow, Mumbai

Seasonal: Srinagar

AlMasria Universal Airlines AlexandriaBorg el Arab
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul, Kandahar[9]
AtlasGlobal Ankara, IstanbulAtatürk
Seasonal: IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Hajj Sarajevo
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Chittagong, Dhaka
Hajj: Sylhet
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Cairo Aviation Cairo[10]
Cham Wings Airlines Damascus
Citilink Seasonal: Medan
Charter: Surabaya
Daallo Airlines Hargeisa, Mogadishu
Eaglexpress Seasonal: Kuala LumpurInternational, Surabaya
EgyptAir AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Cairo
EgyptAir
operated by EgyptAir Express
Seasonal: Sharm el-Sheikh
Emirates DubaiInternational
Eritrean Airlines Asmara
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Flyadeal Abha,[11] Dammam,[12] Qassim,[13] Riyadh, Tabuk (Begins 3 May 2018)[14]
flydubai DubaiInternational
FlyEgypt AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Sohag[15]
Flynas Abu Dhabi, Adana, AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Algiers, AmmanQueen Alia, Assiut, Aswan, Baghdad, Dammam, DubaiInternational, Erbil[16], Hatay, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Jizan, Kano, Khartoum, Kuwait, Luxor, Medina, Riyadh, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tabuk, Tbilisi (begins 2 June 2018),[17] Yanbu[18]
Charter: Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Kuala LumpurInternational
Garuda Indonesia Balikpapan, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Makassar, Padang, Surakarta/Solo, Surabaya
Hajj: Banda Aceh, Banjarmasin, Medan, Palembang
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Hajj: Bandar Abbas, Birjand, Bushehr, Goragan, Isfahan, Medina, Rasht, Shiraz, Urmia, Zahedan
Iraqi Airways Charter: Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Najaf, Sulaimaniyah[19]
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City
Jet Airways Mumbai
Jet2.com Hajj: Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
Jubba Airways Hargeisa, Mogadishu
Kabo Air Hajj: Abuja, Kano
Kam Air Kabul,[20] Kandahar
Kenya Airways Mombasa, NairobiJomo Kenyatta
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
Libyan Airlines Seasonal: Benghazi, Tripoli
Libyan Wings Charter: Tripoli
Lion Air Balikpapan1[21], Banda Aceh1[22], Bandung1, Makassar, Padang1, Palembang1,[23] Pekanbaru1,[24] Solo, Surabaya
Lufthansa Frankfurt1
Malaysia Airlines Kuala LumpurInternational
Hajj: Alor Setar, Kuala Terengganu, Penang
Max Air Hajj: Kano
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nesma Airlines Ha'il[25]
Nile Air AlexandriaBorg el Arab, Cairo
Oman Air Muscat, Salalah
Pakistan International Airlines Faisalabad,[26] Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Sialkot
Hajj: Rahim Yar Khan, Quetta, Bhawalpur
Palestinian Airlines El Arish
Philippine Airlines Manila
Qatar Airways Doha (suspended)
Qeshm Airlines Hajj: TehranImam Khomeini
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Hajj: Rabat, Tangier
Royal Brunei Airlines Seasonal: Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Falcon Amman-Marka
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia
SalamAir Muscat,[27] Salalah
Saudia Abha, Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Aden (suspended), Al Ahsa, Al Baha, Al Jawf, Al Ula, Al Wajh, Algiers, AmmanQueen Alia, Ankara,[28] Arar, Baghdad[29], Bahrain, Bangalore, Beirut, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Colombo, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha (suspended), DubaiInternational, Frankfurt, Geneva, Guangzhou, Gurayat, Ha'il, Hyderabad, Islamabad, IstanbulAtatürk, Jizan, Kano, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Karachi, JohannesburgO.R. Tambo, Kochi, Khartoum, Kuala LumpurInternational, Kuwait, Lahore, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Lucknow, Madrid, Malč, Manchester, Manila, Mauritius, Medina, MilanMalpensa, Multan,[30] Mumbai, Munich, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, Najran, New YorkJFK, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Port Sudan,[31] Qaisumah, Qassim, Rafha, Riyadh, RomeFiumicino, Sana'a (suspended),[32] Sharurah, Singapore, Tabuk, Ta'if, TorontoPearson, Thiruvananthapuram[33], Tunis, Turaif, Wadi al-Dawasir, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: Adana, Agadir, Ahwaz, Ahmedabad, Annaba, Batam, Constantine, Fes, Ghardaďa, Izmir, Málaga (begins 11 June 2018), Marrakech, Mashhad, Medan, Oran, Rabat, Surabaya, Tabriz, Tangier
SaudiGulf Airlines Dammam[34]
Scoot Singapore
Shaheen Air International Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Sialkot
Hajj: Faisalabad, Rahim Yar Khan
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Sudan Airways Khartoum
Syrian Air Hajj: Damascus
Thai Airways Hajj: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Narathiwat , Krabi, Songkhla
Tarco Airlines Khartoum
Toumaď Air Tchad Seasonal: N'Djamena1
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Hajj: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Denizli, Diyarbakr, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Isparta, Izmir, Kayseri, Konya, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Van
UTair Aviation Hajj: Magas, Kazan
Yemenia Aden

Notes
^1 These flights extend on to Addis Ababa. However, the airlines do not have rights to transport passengers solely between Jeddah and Addis Ababa.

Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Dammam, Hong Kong, ParisCharles de Gaulle
DHL International Aviation ME Bahrain
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa[35]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Sharjah
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha (suspended)
Saudia Cargo Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dammam, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Khartoum, Maastricht, Lagos, Lucknow, MilanMalpensa, Mumbai, NairobiJomo Kenyatta, New YorkJFK,[36] N'Djamena, Riyadh, ShanghaiPudong, Sharjah
Turkish Airlines Cargo Cairo, IstanbulAtatürk[37]

Other facilities

The General Authority of Civil Aviation has the GACA Hangar (Building 364) at the airport.[38]

Accidents and incidents

  • On 25 September 1959, a Saudia Douglas DC-4/C-54A-5-DO (registration HZ-AAF), performed a belly landing shortly after take-off from the old Jeddah Airport (OEJD). The cause of the accident were gust locks not deactivated by the mechanic, followed by a stall. All 67 passengers and five crew survived.[39]
  • On 11 July 1991, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8-61, suffered cabin pressure problems followed by a fire due to a failed landing gear. The pilots tried to return to the airport but failed to reach the airport as the plane crashed killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew.[40]
  • On 1 March 2004, PIA Flight 2002, an Airbus A300B4-200, burst 2 tires whilst taking off from King Abdulaziz International Airport. Fragments of the tire were ingested by the engines, this caused the engines to catch fire and an aborted takeoff was performed. Due to substantial damage to the engine and the left wing, the aircraft was written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.[41]

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "pagenotfound" (PDF). gaca.gov.sa. 
  2. ^ a b "King Abdulaziz International airport Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b About KAIA on the GACA website
  4. ^ "SOM's Hajj Terminal Wins AIA 25-Year Award". fabricARCHITECTURE. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  5. ^ Cold air is poured into the space and allowed to escape into the desert. Aga Khan Awards, Project brief Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine..
  6. ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
  7. ^ "King Abdulaziz International Airport Development Project". Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ https://en.aegeanair.com/plan/low-fare-calendar/
  9. ^ Ariana schedule
  10. ^ http://www.cairoaviation.com.eg/schedule.php
  11. ^ Flyadeal begin service between Jeddah and Abha from February 2018
  12. ^ http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/520199/BUSINESS/flyadeal-launches-new-routes-to-Dammam-and-Al-Qassim
  13. ^ http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/520199/BUSINESS/flyadeal-launches-new-routes-to-Dammam-and-Al-Qassim
  14. ^ https://www.flyadeal.com/en/press/flyadeal-brings-affordable-air-travel-to-tabuk
  15. ^ https://booking.flyeg.com/ibe/FT/home
  16. ^ http://www.rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/190320182
  17. ^ "Saudi Arabia's Flynas launches flights to Tbilisi from June". agenda.ge. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018. 
  18. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271147/flynas-adds-new-domestic-routes-in-late-jan-2017/
  19. ^ Iraqi Airways Jeddah charter data at fllightradar24
  20. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278034/kam-air-adds-kandahar-jeddah-from-late-march-2018/
  21. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274693/lion-air-further-expands-737max-8-saudi-arabia-routes-from-oct-2017/
  22. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274693/lion-air-further-expands-737max-8-saudi-arabia-routes-from-oct-2017/
  23. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274546/lion-air-adds-boeing-737max-service-to-saudi-arabia-from-oct-2017/
  24. ^ https://www.goriau.com/berita/riau/lion-air-buka-penerbangan-langsung-dari-pekanbaru-ke-madinah.html
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270034/nesma-airlines-expands-hail-service-in-nov-2016/
  26. ^ Faisalabad,
  27. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272339/salam-air-schedules-jeddah-apr-2017-launch/
  28. ^ "Saudia adds regular Ankara service from Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  29. ^ "Saudi Airlines to operate regular Baghdad route late October". Arab News. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  30. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270879/saudia-plans-multan-launch-in-april-2017/
  31. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271090/saudia-plans-port-sudan-launch-in-s17/
  32. ^ Ghattas, Abir. "Yemen's No Fly Zone: Thousands of Yemenis are Stranded Abroad". Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  33. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273835/saudia-proposes-thiruvananthapuram-oct-2017-launch/
  34. ^ "SaudiGulf Airlines to launch on October 29". ch-aviation. 28 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  35. ^ ET cargo schedule Archived 11 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Ethiopianairlines.com.
  36. ^ "Saudia Cargo Resumes New York Service from Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  37. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ "Sectors Safety & Economic Regulations > Contact Information." General Authority of Civil Aviation. Retrieved on 25 February 2012. "1- GACA HANGAR BLDG.364, KAIA, JEDDAH" Arabic: "1- 364 -"
  39. ^ "Saudi Arabian Airlines DC-4 accident HZ-AAF". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  40. ^ "Nationair Flight 2120 accident". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  41. ^ "PIA Flight 2002 accident". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 

External links

Media related to King Abdulaziz International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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