Ellison Onizuka Kona International Airport at Kehole
Kahua Mokulele Kauina o Kona
|Operator||Hawaii Department of Transportation|
|Elevation AMSL||47 ft / 14 m|
Ellison Onizuka Kona International Airport at Kehole (IATA: KOA, ICAO: PHKO, FAA LID: KOA) is on the Island of Hawaiʻi, in Kalaoa CDP, Hawaiʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The airport serves leeward, or Western Hawaiʻi island, including the town of Kailua-Kona and the resorts of the North Kona and South Kohala districts.
Much of the runway is built on a relatively recent lava flow: the 1801 Huʻehuʻe flow from Huallai. This flow extended the shoreline out an estimated 1 mi (1.6 km), adding some 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi) of land to the island and creating Kehole Point. The new airport opened on July 1, 1970, with a single 6,500-foot (2.0 km) runway; the previous smaller airstrip was converted into the Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area.
In its first full year, 515,378 passengers passed through the new open-air tropical-style terminals. The aquaculture ponds and solar energy experiments at the nearby Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority (NELHA) can be seen during landing and take-off.
Aloha Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines were the primary air carriers serving the airport during the early and mid 1970s with inter-island flights from Honolulu on Oahu, Kahului on Maui and Lihue on Kauai with Aloha operating Boeing 737-200 jets and Hawaiian operating McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jets at this time. In the late 1970s, Hawaiian was operating larger McDonnell Douglas DC-9-50 jets on its inter-island flights.
By early 1985, United Airlines was operating nonstop service into the airport from both Los Angeles (LAX) and San Francisco (SFO) with Douglas DC-8-71 and wide body McDonnell Douglas DC-10 jetliners.
Runway extension to 11,000 feet was completed in 1994, making it the largest in the Hawaiian Islands after Honolulu. It became Kehole-Kona International Airport in 1993; in 1997 it became the Kona International Airport at Kehole.
Japan Airlines started a Kona-Tokyo flight in 1996. The suspension of this route from 2010 to September 2017 left the island with only one scheduled international flight (to Vancouver) for a time. Hawaiian Airlines filed an application with the US Department of Transportation (USDOT) for nonstop flights from Kona to Tokyo's Haneda Airport restoring the link between the two cities after Japan Airlines ended flights to Narita Airport in 2010. The US Department of Transportation (USDOT) rejected the airline's application despite support from residents of west Hawaii. On October 23, 2013, Hawaiian Airlines announced that they would re-apply to the US Department of Transportation (USDOT) for nonstop Kona-Haneda flights a year after the airline was rejected to fly that route in favor of Delta's Seattle to Haneda nonstop. On July 8, 2016, Hawaiian Airlines announced that they would begin nonstop Kona-Haneda flights on December 20, 2016 after the US Department of Transportation awarded Hawaiian Airlines the route in May. JAL's resumption of daily Tokyo service in 2017 generated 900 jobs and $8.58 million in tax revenue on the Big Island during its first year, according to the Hawaiian Tourism Authority.
Ellison Onizuka Kona International Airport at Kehole covers 2,700 acres (1,100 ha) at an elevation of 47 feet (14 m) above mean sea level. It has one asphalt runway, 17/35, 11,000 by 150 feet (3,353 x 46 m).
The state government of Hawaiʻi facility operates a runway and a terminal complex of single story buildings along the eastern edge of the airfield for passengers, air cargo and mail, airport support, and general aviation.
Kona International is the only remaining major airport in the Hawaiian Islands where a mobile ramp is used to plane and deplane passengers. Kona International sees daily Airbus and Boeing jetliner service including 717, 737, 757, 767, A321, A330 and 777 aircraft, as well as smaller inter-island aircraft, and general private aviation. The airport terminal is a rambling, open-air set of structures. Long after other airports in Hawaiʻi converted their terminals to multi-story buildings with automated jetway systems, Hawaiian Airlines could still utilize their DC-9 fleet's tailcone exits at Kailua-Kona.
An environmental impact statement was prepared in 2005 to add a second runway. The United States Air Force investigated building a second 3,950 ft (1,200 m) runway in 2009. This would be used for practicing landing C-17 military cargo planes on a short runway. Although the 11,000 ft (3,353 m) runway allows flights to Japan and Chicago, it is the only major airport in Hawaii with a single runway.
In the year ending June 30, 2016 the airport had 120,879 aircraft operations, an average of 331 per day: 49% general aviation, 21% scheduled commercial, 17% air taxi, and 13% military. A total of 66 aircraft were then based at this airport; 42 single-engined, 8 multi-engined, 13 helicopters and 3 ultralights.
The airport has two gate areas: Terminal 1 has gates 15 with Baggage Claim 'A'  Terminal 2 has gates 610 with Baggage Claim 'B'.
|Air Canada Rouge||Vancouver|
|Alaska Airlines|| Oakland, Sacramento (ends March 18, 2020), San Diego, San Francisco (ends March 19, 2020), San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma|
Seasonal: Anchorage, Portland (OR)
|American Airlines|| Los Angeles, PhoenixSky Harbor|
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth
|Delta Air Lines||Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma|
|Hawaiian Airlines||Honolulu, Kahului, Lihue, Los Angeles, TokyoHaneda|
|Kona Shuttle||Charter: Oakland|
|Makani Kai Air||Kahului|
|Mokulele Airlines||Honolulu, Kahului, Kapalua|
|Southwest Airlines||Honolulu, Kahului (begins January 19, 2020), Oakland (begins January 19, 2020), San Jose (CA) (begins January 21, 2020)|
|United Airlines||Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco|
|Aloha Air Cargo||Hilo, Honolulu, Kahului|
|Kalitta Air||Los Angeles|
|UPS Airlines||Honolulu, Kahului, Ontario|
|1||Honolulu, HI||677,430||Hawaiian, Mokulele, Southwest|
|2||Los Angeles, CA||277,830||American, Delta, Hawaiian, United|
|3||Seattle/Tacoma, WA||159,410||Alaska, Delta|
|4||San Francisco, CA||157,430||Alaska, United|
|5||Kahului, HI||129,080||Hawaiian, Mokulele|
|8||Oakland, CA||44,240||Alaska, Hawaiian|
A small museum, the Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka Space Center, was located between the passenger terminals at the airport. Founded in 1991, the museum was named in honor of Kona-born Ellison Onizuka, who died in 1986 on the Space Shuttle Challenger. The displays included a sample of lunar soil, a space suit from Apollo 13, and personal items from Onizuka. An admission fee was charged. The center closed in March 2016.
Prior to the 1970 airport expansion, tourism was centered on Hawaii's East side and the town of Hilo. Tourists to the Kona side of the Island typically flew into Hilo and drove across the island. As recently as 1968 Kona Village Resort didn't have road access let alone a large airport, despite completion of the Royal Kona Resort in 1968.
When the airport opened in 1970, it helped accelerate a shift of tourism from East Hawaii to West Hawaii. Tourism in Hilo had already taken a hit when a tsunami destroyed all seaside hotels in 1960.
The full extent of the airport's impact and shift in tourism can be seen in Hawaii Island Strategic Plan for 2006 to 2015. By 2005 the percentage of accommodations on the West side increased to 86% of the total. In 2005 just 4 modest hotels continued to serve the East side of Hawaii, with 3 of them dating back to the 1960s
Tourism has helped fuel Hawaii County's overall population growth. Between 1990 and 2010 the population increased 48%.
Kona Airport's master plan, completed in 2010, calls for a second runway while keeping the option to extend the airport's primary runway to 12,000 feet if required. A second-level concourse with jetways would be built to facilitate overseas flights.
Work is in progress to combine the existing terminals into one space as well as adding a second story to the terminals complex. This second terminal will serve overseas and international passengers. When not in international use the new gates, accessed via jet bridge from the second story, will be used for interisland flights. The location of the second story will be on the west side of the current terminal locations, serving to physically connect the two terminals. For this to happen, the Ellison S. Onizuka Space Center would have been relocated.
Media related to Kona International Airport at Wikimedia Commons