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Airport Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) - International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Malaysia
Operator Malaysia Airports
Serves Greater Klang Valley
Location Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia
Hub for
Time zone MST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL 70 ft / 21 m
Coordinates 02°4436N 101°4153E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E / 2.74333; 101.69806Coordinates: 02°4436N 101°4153E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E / 2.74333; 101.69806
Website www.klia.com.my
Map
WMKK
Location in Peninsular Malaysia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 4,124 13,530 Concrete
14R/32L 4,056 13,307 Concrete
15/33 4,056 13,307 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passenger 52,643,511 ( 7.6%)
Airfreight (tonnes) 642,558 ( 11.5%)
Aircraft movements 356,614 ( 0.6%)
Sources: MAHB[1] and AIP[2]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (Malay: Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur) (IATA: KULICAO: WMKK) is Malaysia's main international airport and one of the major airports in South East Asia. Built at a cost of US$3.5 billion[3] in Sepang district of Selangor, it is located approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur city centre and serves the Greater Klang Valley conurbation.

KLIA is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. In 2016, it handled 52,643,511 passengers and 642,558 tonnes of cargo. It is the world's 24th-busiest airport by total passenger traffic.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia, AirAsia X, Malindo Air, UPS Airlines and Gading Sari.

History

Background

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993[citation needed] when the government under Mahathir Mohamad decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur airport, then known as Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. The construction of the airport was done mainly by a few state owned construction companies as well as Ekovest Berhad helmed by Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo. It was created as part of the Multimedia Super Corridor, a grand development plan for Malaysia. The chief architect who designed the new airport terminal was the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.[4]

Upon KLIA's completion, Subang Airport's Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park. The IATA airport code KUL was transferred from Subang Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subang Airport's IATA code has since been changed to SZB.

Current site

The airport's site spans 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) 2,[3] of former agricultural land and is one of the world's largest airport sites. An ambitious three-phase development plan anticipates KLIA to have five runways and two terminals each with two satellite terminals.[5] Phase One involved the construction of the main terminal and one satellite terminal, giving a capacity of 25 million passengers, and two full service runways. The Phase One airport had sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations. Phase Two, designed to increase capacity to 35 million passengers per year is largely complete. Phase Three is anticipated to increase capacity to 100 million passengers per year.[5]

Grand opening

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan, on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST, a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport and in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé International Airport at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 09:00 MST.[6]

Inauguration

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues built up throughout the airport and baggage handling broke down. Bags were lost and there were waits of over five hours.[7] Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the East Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the global financial crisis and the swine flu pandemic. 1998 saw a reduction of passenger numbers as some airlines, including All Nippon Airways (recommencing on 1 September 2015), British Airways (resumed on 28 May 2015), Lufthansa (later reinstated) and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss making services to KLIA. KLIA's first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.[8] Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 23.2 million in 2005 though short of the originally estimated 25 million passengers per year by 2003.

Recent events

On 13 February 2017, Kim Jong-nam, the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, was assassinated with the nerve agent VX while walking through Terminal 2 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Two women, who were alleged to have grabbed him to deploy the nerve agent, were arrested. Kim was traveling under a pseudonym.[9]

Runways

Kuala Lumpur International Airport has three parallel runways (one for KLIA Main Terminal, one for KLIA2, and one runway that can be used for both terminals[10]). Two KLIA operational runways are located 2 kilometres from each other, which are designed for simultaneous take-offs and landings. The two runways are monitored by the main Air Traffic Control (ATC) Tower, which was the tallest ATC tower in the world when built (currently 3rd, behind KLIA2 and Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport). Runway 3 for KLIA2 is monitored by a dedicated separate ATC Tower which, standing at 133.8m, is currently the tallest in the world.

Operations and infrastructure

Infrastructure
Passenger terminal buildings
Totals Current
Floor area 737,249 m2 (7,935,680 sq ft)
Handling capacity 70 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 114 (aerobridge)
48 (remote)
Main Terminal Building 1 & Contact Pier
Opened 27 June 1998
Floor area 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 5 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area 143,404 m2 (1,543,590 sq ft)
Handling capacity 20 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
klia2
Opened 2 May 2014
Floor area 257,845 m2 (2,775,420 sq ft)
Handling capacity 45 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 68 (aerobridge)
10 (remote)
Bunga Raya Complex
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area
Handling capacity
Parking bays 1

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in the efficient operation of the airport. It is one of the first Asia Pacific airports to become 100% Bar Coded Boarding Pass capable.[11] Malaysia Airlines;[12] AirAsia;[13] MASkargo, a cargo airline;[14] and Malaysia Airports, the Malaysian Airports operator and manager; are headquartered on the property of KLIA.[15] Malaysia Airlines also operates its Flight Management Building at KLIA.[16]

Terminals

The Passenger Terminal Complex (PTC) was built with an emphasis on allowing natural light into the building. Thus, there is a huge expanse of glass throughout the building, and the spectacular roof has cut-outs for natural light to filter in. The PTC comprises three buildings the Main Terminal Building, the Satellite Building and the Contact Pier. Besides the 80-room hotel at the Satellite Building, there is a 422-room 5-star Sama-Sama Hotel KLIA, a five-minute (indoor) walk away. Shopping spots are available in an area encompassing 85,000 square metres. Currently, the retail space at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport stands at 67,000 square metres (720,000 sq ft). The airport operator plans to increase the retail space to 105,300 square metres (1,133,000 sq ft), a 62.2% increase in retail space.[citation needed]

Being an international airport, all terminals are equipped with immigration processing facilities and security scanning for all passengers, including domestic passengers. The Satellite terminal handles most of the international flights, while the main terminal building's contact pier handles domestic traffic, regional international flights and international flights routed to other hubs within Malaysia. Malaysia Airlines operates from both terminals, and the main terminal building's contact pier is their preferred terminal for domestic flights. Conversely, low cost carriers such as Tigerair, Cebu Pacific and AirAsia group of airlines operate domestic and international flights out of klia2, the low-cost carrier terminal at KLIA.[17]

The initial passenger growth was below average due to Asian Financial Crisis and the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003 and the airport failed to reach its target capacity of 25 million passengers per annum (before the inclusion of low cost carrier terminal) by 2004. However, the recovery of Malaysia's economy boosted Kuala Lumpur International Airport's passenger movements, and the airport saw significant growth in traffic, hitting the 25 million passenger mark in 2007. In 2013, the airport saw a monumental increase in passenger traffic to 47 million passengers.[18]

Main terminal building and contact pier

The KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) is located in between the two runways. The floor area of the terminal covers 390,000 m2 (4,200,000 sq ft) and the building consists of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. On 2 February 2007, Malaysia Airports introduces 12 integrated self check-in kiosks (CUSS) for passengers. The first airline to use the system is KLM.[19] A further 24 kiosks will be added later by the airport operator[20][21]

The contact pier is the rectangular-shaped terminal that is connected to the KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB). It serves as the domestic terminal for Malaysia Airlines. Some international flights are handled there as well. Previously it used to service low-cost carriers. The north side of the pier can only accommodate narrow-bodied aircraft. The south side of the contact pier can accommodate the Boeing 737, Airbus A320 and other similar sized aircraft.[citation needed]

The gates in Main Terminal Building's contact pier has alphabet prefix of A and B for domestic flights, which is accessible from domestic departures on Level 3 where passengers descend after security check, and G and H for international flights. Gates G & H are sharing the same boarding lounge as Gates A & B, where after boarding and secondary security check (before boarding aircraft) passengers descend into the same boarding lounge with the doors for "A & B" on level 3 sealed off for international flights. For domestic flights, the stairs to access "G & H" are sealed off instead.

Currently there's only Malaysia Airlines using the main terminal for short-haul and medium-haul flights. Malaysian hybrid airline Malindo Air will be moving all flight operations (except ATR 72-600s, which will still stay in Subang International Airport) to Kuala Lumpur International Airport's main terminal.[citation needed]

Satellite terminal A

The 176,000 square metres (1,890,000 sq ft) satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There is a wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Montblanc, Salvatore Ferragamo. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wi-Fi) is provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels.[22] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian rainforests.

Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimised to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk[23] which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.[24]

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have the prefix C.The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.

klia2

klia2 is the low-cost carrier terminal at KLIA. The terminal is located 2 kilometres away from the Main Terminal Building (MTB). klia2 is built to cater for the explosive growth in low cost travel in the region and has replaced the former Low-Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT). klia2 started operations on 2 May 2014 and all flight operations at LCCT were moved to klia2 by 9 May 2014.[25][26]

Built at a cost of approximately RM4 billion (US$1.3 billion), klia2 is the world's largest purpose-built terminal dedicated to low-cost carriers and is designed to cater for 45 million passengers a year with future capacity expansion capability.[27] The terminal is served by a dedicated 4 km runway (KLIA's Runway 3) and a 141.3m air traffic control (ATC) tower,[28] making it the world's tallest ATC tower.

The terminal has a built-up area of 257,845 sqm with 68 departure gates, 10 remote stands, 80 aerobridges, includes a retail space of 35,000 sqm to accommodate a total of 220 retail outlets.[29] The main terminal building of klia2 is connected with its satellite piers with a skybridge, making it the first airport in Asia with such facility.[30] klia2 is certified with Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED).

Check-in counters are divided into 8 rows located in 4 islands, each row identified by the letters S Z. Boarding gates are located in 5 piers, indicated by the letters J and K for domestic flights, and L, P and Q for international flights. Piers J, K and L are connected directly to the main terminal building, while Piers P and Q are accessible via the skybridge. Piers K and L are physically the same pier and share the same gates, but with waiting lounges on different levels (Level 1A for K and Level 2 for L). For international flights, the access door from Pier K is sealed off, while for domestic flights, the access door from Pier L is sealed off instead.

At present, inter-terminal connection is provided on the landside at Gateway@klia2 complex and there are provisions for future airside inter-terminal connection.

Gateway@klia2

Gateway@klia2 is an integrated complex that is connected to the main klia2 terminal building. It has a 350,000 square feet of net lettable space spanning over 4 levels, offering a fresh airport-within-a-mall concept. The transport hub at Gateway@klia2 links klia2 to the Express Rail Link (ERL) (also known as KLIA Ekspres), with allotted pick-up and drop-off areas for coaches, taxis, rented vehicles and private transportation.[31]

Gateway@klia2 hosts an 8-storey car park that directly adjoins klia2. There are 6,000 covered parking lots at Blocks A and B and another 5,500 lots at car park D. Shuttle buses are available to take the public from the car park D to the terminal.[32] The first capsule transit hotel in Asia named as the Capsule by Container Hotel is also located at Gateway@klia2. Gateway@klia2 is managed by WCT Holdings Berhad.[33]

KL City Air Terminal

KL City Air Terminal, sometimes known as Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal or KL CAT located at KL Sentral is a virtual extension of KL International Airport where city check-in services are provided. KL City Air Terminal is recognised by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 3 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines and Malindo Airways.[34] However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers.[35]

Low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) closed

The 36,000 square metres (390,000 sq ft) Low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) was opened at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on 23 March 2006 to cater for the growing number of users of low cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. The terminal was designed and built in accordance to the low cost carrier business model, with limited terminal amenities. As requested by the low cost airline, the terminal does not provide aerobridges, nor are there transfer facilities, rail connections, and other facilities provided in a full-fledged terminal.

The LCCT was located on the opposite side of the apron from the Main Terminal Building (MTB), with close proximity to the air cargo area. The terminal underwent expansion in 2008 to accommodate exponential growth of low cost travel.[36] Following the opening of klia2, the new terminal built for low cost air-travel, the LCCT ceased operations on 9 May 2014 and all low-cost carrier flights are now operating out of klia2.

The AirAsia corporate head office was in the LCCT.[37] The airline plans to move its head office to a new facility constructed at klia2 scheduled to open in the end of 2015.[38] AirAsia X had its head office in the same facility.[39]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
Air Astana Almaty
Air China BeijingCapital
Air Mauritius Mauritius
AirAsia Alor Setar, Banda Aceh, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bandung, Bangalore, BangkokDon Mueang, Bhubaneswar, Bintulu, Changsha, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Colombo, Da Nang, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hanoi, Hat Yai, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Johor Bahru, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Kochi, Kolkata, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Terengganu, Kuching, Kunming, Labuan, Langkawi, Luang Prabang, Macau, Makassar, Malé, Manila, MatatamLombok, Medan, Miri, Nanning, Padang, Palembang, Pattaya, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pontianak, Sandakan, Semarang, Shantou, Shenzhen, Sibu, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville (begins 9 August 2017),[40] Singapore, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo, Surat Thani, Tawau, Tiruchirapalli, Vientiane, Visakhapatnam, Yangon, Yogyakarta
AirAsia X Auckland, BeijingCapital, Busan, Chengdu, Chongqing, Delhi, Denpasar (begins 15 July 2017),[41] Gold Coast, Hangzhou, Honolulu (begins 28 June 2017),[42] Jeddah, Kathmandu, Medina, Melbourne, OsakaKansai, Perth, SapporoChitose, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, TehranImam Khomeini, TokyoHaneda, Wuhan, Xi'an
All Nippon Airways TokyoHaneda, TokyoNarita
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui
Batik Air JakartaSoekarnoHatta
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines TaipeiTaoyuan
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
ShanghaiPudong
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Guangzhou
EgyptAir BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Cairo
Emirates DubaiInternational
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Singapore
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air TaipeiTaoyuan
Garuda Indonesia JakartaSoekarnoHatta
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu
Indonesia AirAsia Bandung, Denpasar/Bali, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, MataramLombok, Medan, Pekanbaru, Surabaya, Yogyakarta
Indonesia AirAsia X Denpasar/Bali, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Mumbai, Surabaya
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
Japan Airlines TokyoNarita
JC International Airlines Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Flynas Seasonal: Jeddah
KLM Amsterdam, JakartaSoekarnoHatta
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
Lion Air JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Medan, Surabaya
Lucky Air Kunming
Mahan Air TehranImam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Adelaide, Alor Setar, Auckland, Bangalore, BangkokSuvarnabhumi, Bandar Seri Begawan, BeijingCapital, Bintulu, Chennai, Colombo, Darwin (ends 28 July 2017),[43] Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Fuzhou (begins 26 June 2017),[44] Guangzhou, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Jeddah, Johor Bahru, Kathmandu, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, LondonHeathrow, Manila, Medan, Melbourne, Miri, Mumbai, Nanjing, OsakaKansai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sandakan, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Sibu, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, Tawau, TokyoNarita, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon
Seasonal: Medina
Malindo Air Amritsar, BangkokDon Mueang, Bandung, Brisbane, Chittagong, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Jeddah, Kathmandu, Kochi, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Lahore, Langkawi, Medan, Mumbai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh (begins 1 August 2017),[45] Phuket, Sanya, Singapore, TaipeiTaoyuan, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Wuhan, Yangon
Seasonal: Christmas Island
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Cebu, Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
Regent Airways Dhaka
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia, BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh, Medina
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen
SilkAir Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Thai AirAsia BangkokDon Mueang, Hat Yai
Thai Airways BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Thai Smile BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Tigerair Singapore
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
Uzbekistan Airways Singapore, Tashkent
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Baku, Chennai, Luxembourg, Singapore, Zhengzhou [46]
China Airlines Cargo Chennai, Luxembourg, Penang, TaipeiTaoyuan
FedEx Express Cebu, Guangzhou, Penang, Singapore, TokyoNarita
Gading Sari Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Miri
Korean Air Cargo Penang, SeoulIncheon
MASkargo Amsterdam, Baku, Bangalore, Chennai, Chongqing,[47] Dhaka, Guangzhou,[47] Hanoi, Hong Kong, JakartaSoekarnoHatta, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan, Manila, Penang, ShanghaiPudong, Sydney, TaipeiTaoyuan, TokyoNarita,[48] Zhengzhou
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Republic Express Airlines JakartaSoekarnoHatta
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku,[49] Singapore[50]
Uni-Top Airlines Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Mumbai, OsakaKansai, Penang,[51]SeoulIncheon, Shenzhen

Statistics

Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

The Aerotrain is an automated people mover (APM) that connects the airside of KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) and the Satellite Building. Each 250-person capacity train can transport 3,000 passengers per hour in each direction at up to 56 km/h (35 mph). These three-car driverless trains run on elevated rail and under the taxiways. The journey takes under two minutes. The Aerotrain operates between three and five-minute intervals between terminal. Automatic train controls manage the operation of the entire Aerotrain system, controlling the speeds, headways, stops and door openings in stations, and integrating functions that enhance the reliability and performance of the system.[53]

KLIA Transit and KLIA Ekspres provides landside connections between klia2 and KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB), and vice versa. This inter-terminal journey takes 3-minutes to connect both terminals before proceeding onwards to KL Sentral.[54]

External connections

Rail

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is linked to the KL Sentral transportation hub in the city centre by the 57 km long Express Rail Link (ERL). There are two ERL stations at the airport: KLIA station at the Main Terminal Building and klia2 station at Gateway@klia2. The airport is served by two rail services on the ERL:

Taxis and limousine

Airport taxis or airport limousines are provided by Airport Limo. The taxis and limousines are readily available at the Taxi and Limousine counters. They run from airport itself to destinations in Klang Valley and Greater Klang Valley. The fares are to be paid at the counter and are charged according to the destinations' zone. A surcharge is applied for services between 12 am to 5 am

Bus

Both public and private buses connect KLIA and klia2 to several points in Kuala Lumpur and beyond.

Expansion and developments

Plans

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's (the current Main Terminal) satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 97.5 million passengers a year, four runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.[5]

Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT)

It is expected that the current LCCT will be converted into a cargo hub after all low-cost carrier flights have operate out of klia2.[55] The RM124 million LCCT expansion project tender was won by Fajarbaru Builder Group Bhd and construction work began in March 2008.[56] The new international arrival hall was opened on 15 December 2008, and the rest of the wing were fully operational by March 2009.[36] The LCCT international departure hall was opened on 18 March 2009 which expanded the handling capacity from 600 passengers at one time to 3200 passengers.[57]

A380 upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spent about RM135 million (approx US$39 million) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on 3 April 2006, and was completed by 28 May 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls. Emirates operates flights to Kuala Lumpur with the Airbus A380 commenced on 1 January 2012.[58] Malaysia Airlines also started its A380 services from Kuala Lumpur to London on 1 July 2012.[59]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "MAHB Annual Report 2016" (PDF). malaysiaairports. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  2. ^ WMKK KL INTERNATIONAL/SEPANG at Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia
  3. ^ a b "History of KLIA". 1998. Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. 
  4. ^ "KISHO KUROKAWA". 
  5. ^ a b c "Phases of KLIA". 1998. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "First Flights of Kuala Lumpur International Airport". Department of Civil Aviation KLIA Branch. 1998. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. 
  7. ^ "KLIA's opening marked with problems". Lim Kit Siang Media Release. July 1998. 
  8. ^ "Passengers at Kuala Lumpur Airport up despite fewer airlines". Asian Economic News. 6 August 2001. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "North Korean leader's brother Kim Jong-nam 'killed' in Malaysia'". BBC News. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  10. ^ For KLIA2, arrivals for can only use 32L while departures can only use 14R
  11. ^ Check-In News, Analysis and Event. "Kuala Lumpur's StB vision". Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Recovery Plan Quarterly Update (1 Sept-30 Nov 15)." Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved on May 5, 2016.
  13. ^ Chan Tien Hin. "AirAsia Has Record Drop on Loss, Analyst Downgrade." Bloomberg L.P.. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
  14. ^ "Location Map Archived 1 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.." MASkargo. Retrieved 22 February 2010. "Malaysia Airlines Cargo Sdn. Bhd. 1M, Zone C, Advanced Cargo Centre KLIA Free Commercial Zone, Southern Support Zone Kuala Lumpur International Airport 64000 Sepang Selangor, Malaysia "
  15. ^ "Contact Information." Malaysia Airports. Retrieved 23 May 2011. "Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad Malaysia Airports Corporate Office, Persiaran Korporat KLIA, 64000 KLIA, Sepang, Selangor."
  16. ^ "Contact." Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved 31 October 2012. "MAS Golden Boutiques Sdn. Bhd. 1st Floor, MAS Flight Management Building 64000 Sepang, Kuala Lumpur International Airport Selangor, Malaysia"
  17. ^ "AAirAsia helps Kuala Lumpur towards 30 million; Singapore route soon to be fully liberalised". anna.aero. 10 October 2008. 
  18. ^ "Airport Traffic Report" (PDF). 1998. 
  19. ^ "KLIA Introduces Integrated Self Check in Kiosks for Benefits of Passengers". Air Transport News. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "Self Check in at KLIA". New Straits Times. Retrieved 21 August 2007. [dead link]
  21. ^ "KLIA partners with SITA to be the first fully integrated Airport in Asia". Retrieved 21 September 2005. 
  22. ^ "KLIA increase WiFi range". CAPA. Retrieved 19 February 2008. 
  23. ^ "At KLIA: Old Malaya Kopitiams signature Nyonya Laksa". www.tenthousandstrangers.com. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  24. ^ "9 firms shortlisted for KLIA retail expansion project". NST. Retrieved 16 February 2008. 
  25. ^ "klia2 receives ICAO nod, first landing". Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
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External links


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