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Ontario International Airport
|Owner||Ontario International Airport Authority|
|Operator||Ontario International Airport Authority|
|Serves||Ontario, California / Inland Empire, California|
|Hub for||UPS Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||944 ft / 288 m|
FAA airport diagram
Ontario International Airport (IATA: ONT, ICAO: KONT, FAA LID: ONT) is a public airport two miles east of downtown Ontario, in San Bernardino County, California, about 38 miles (61 km) east of Downtown Los Angeles and 23 miles (37 km) west of Downtown San Bernardino. It is owned and operated under a joint powers agreement with the city of Ontario and San Bernardino County. The year 2007 saw the peak in passenger traffic with 7.2 million passengers. More recently, in 2015, 4.2 million passengers used the airport, slightly higher than in 2014 with 4.1 million passengers.
In 1923 a landing field was established east of Central Avenue (3 miles (4.8 km) west of the current airport) on land leased from the Union Pacific Railroad. The airfield was named Latimer Field after an orange-packing company next to the airstrip. An airport was built there by one of the first flying clubs in southern California, the Friends of Ontario Airport. In 1929, the city of Ontario purchased 30 acres (12 ha), now in the southwest corner of the airport, for $12,000, and established the Ontario Municipal Airport.
In 1941 the city bought 470 acres (190 ha) around the airport and approved construction of new runways, which were completed by 1942, with funds from the Works Progress Administration. The 6,200-foot (1,900 m) east/west runway and the 4,700-foot (1,400 m) northeast/southwest runway cost $350,000. On 27 February 1942, an Army Air Corps plane made the first landing at the new airport. By 1943, the airport was an Army Air Corps Lockheed P-38 Lightning training base and North American P-51 Mustang operating base.
After the war the Reconstruction Finance Corporation established five large storage, sales and scrapping centers for Army Air Forces aircraft. These were located at: Albuquerque AAF, New Mexico, Altus AAF, Oklahoma, Kingman AAF, Arizona, Ontario AAF and Walnut Ridge AAF, Arkansas. A sixth facility for storing, selling and scrapping Navy and Marine aircraft was located at Clinton, Oklahoma.
In 1946 Ontario Municipal Airport was renamed "Ontario International Airport" because of the transpacific cargo flights originating there. On 17 May 1946, two Army surplus steel hangars arrived at the airport, which the Ontario city council had authorized the $50,000 purchase of just the previous week. City officials were pleased to have secured a bargain. Thought to be the only pair available in the U.S., City Manager Harold J. Martin observed that even if they could be acquired at a later date, the cost would be several times that afforded by prompt action. A Pacific Overseas Airlines flight from Shanghai arrived at Ontario on 18 May 1946, "which inaugurated regular round-trip air passenger air service between the United States and the orient." In 1949 Western Airlines began scheduled flights; in 1955 Bonanza Air Lines flights started. Western and Bonanza nonstops did not reach beyond Las Vegas. In 1962 Western began nonstop flights to San Francisco (one Electra daily). In 1967 Bonanza began nonstop F27 flights to Phoenix.
Ontario and Los Angeles entered into a joint powers agreement, making Ontario International Airport part of the Los Angeles regional airports system. In 1968 the airport saw its first scheduled jet flights. In 1969 Continental Airlines started 720B nonstops to Denver and Chicago; Air California started 737 flights to San Jose; Pacific Southwest Airlines started San Francisco flights; and Western began 737 nonstops to Sacramento and Salt Lake City. In 1970 United Airlines started a nonstop to Chicago and American started flights to Dallas (and Chicago, for a short time). In September 1986, Ontario hosted the Concorde supersonic airliner during a promotional round-the-world flight.
In 1981 a second eastwest runway, 26L/8R, was built, necessitating the removal of the old NE-SW runway 4/22. Remnants of the 4/22 runway are visible in the present-day taxiways. With the completion of the new runway, the existing runway 25/7 became 26R/8L. In 1985, the city of Los Angeles acquired Ontario International Airport outright from the city of Ontario. In 1987, Runway 26R/8L was extended to the east to bring the two runway thresholds side by side, so aircraft would be higher over neighborhoods. 26R/8L became the main departing runway and 26L/8R the main arrival runway.
In 1998 the new and larger airport terminal opened, designed by DMJM Aviation . Two older terminals, west of the current terminal, the main terminal and a small terminal were discontinued when the new Terminal 2 and Terminal 4 facilities were opened. The old terminals currently house the administration and the USO.
In 2005 and 2006, Runway 26R/8L was repaved, strengthened, and received storm drains and better runway lighting, and additional improvements to taxiway intersections were made.
In 2006, Ontario International Airport became "LA/Ontario International Airport." The "LA" portion was added to remind fliers of Los Angeles and to avoid confusion with the province of Ontario in Canada.
The airport's traffic peaked in 2005 with 7.2 million passengers, and remained steady through 2007. Around the time of the 2008 financial crisis, JetBlue suspended service to ONT, and major legacy carriers significantly decreased their passenger volume at the airport. Southwest Airlines transferred a significant portion of its Ontario capacity to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), making LAX fares more competitive with ONT while being coupled with more attractive frequencies and a wider range of destinations. The surrounding Inland Empire region was hit hard by the financial crisis, with the nearby city of San Bernardino declaring bankruptcy. The airport suffered a 40% decline in traffic between 2007 and 2012, during which time traffic at LAX recovered to surpass pre-recession levels.
Ownership and control of the airport became an issue in late 2010 when the city of Ontario, supported by the Southern California Association of Governments, criticized and questioned LAWA's operation of the airport. A group of local government officials, led by Ontario city council member Alan Wapner, began a campaign to transfer control of the airport away from Los Angeles World Airports. Wapner argued that the City of Los Angeles had no interest in maintaining service at an airport well beyond its borders. In 2013, LAWA offered to return the airport to local control for a purchase price of $474m, which was rejected. Local groups then sued the city of Los Angeles, a suit that was temporarily suspended when both sides agreed to attempt to work together.
In 2015, Los Angeles World Airports tentatively agreed to turn over ownership of Ontario Airport to the city of Ontario. LAWA was "to be reimbursed for its investments in the facility, job protection for the facility's 182 employees and the settlement of a lawsuit in which Ontario sought to regain control of the airport. Once ownership is transferred, the airport will be operated by the Ontario International Airport Authority, formed under a joint-powers agreement between the city of Ontario and San Bernardino County." The Ontario International Airport Authority took over control of operations in November 2016, and the airport's operating name was reverted to Ontario International Airport since the City of Los Angeles no longer oversaw operations of the airport.
The airport's continuing traffic decline reversed in early 2017, when the airport experienced faster growth than LAX for the first time since 2007. On September 30, 2017, it was announced that China Airlines would begin nonstop flights from Ontario to Taipei which started in Spring 2018.
Ontario Airport is owned and operated by the Ontario International Airport Authority. The airport covers 1,741 acres (705 ha) and has two parallel runways. It is the third major airport in the area after Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and John Wayne Airport (SNA). It is the West Coast air and truck hub for UPS Airlines and is a major distribution point for FedEx Express. Ontario International Airport was a hub for ExpressJet, which began service to 14 destinations in April 2007. This service ended on September 2, 2008. ONT currently has more than 64 daily departures and arrivals.
Thanks to Ontario's long runways (runway 8L/26R is longer than three of the four runways at LAX), it is often an alternate landing site for large aircraft destined for LAX. Due to Ontario's small customs facilities and limited connecting flights, such flights typically do not disembark passengers at Ontario. Diverted aircraft are typically refueled before continuing on to LAX.
The airport is about 38 miles (61 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, 18 miles (29 km) west of downtown San Bernardino and 14 miles (23 km) northwest of downtown Riverside. Motorists can use the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10), Ontario Freeway (Interstate 15), or the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60). It is served by Omnitrans bus routes 61, 80 and by private shuttles. Metrolink's Riverside Line runs to East Ontario at peak commuter hours, but is roughly 2.3 miles away from the terminal.
Alaska Airlines currently flies nonstop to Portland and Seattle. American Airlines to Dallas-Fort Worth and Phoenix-Sky Harbor. China Airlines to Taipei, Taiwan. Delta Air Lines to Salt Lake City, with service to Atlanta beginning in 2019. Frontier to Austin, Denver, Orlando, and San Antonio. JetBlue to New York-JFK. Southwest to Chicago-Midway, Dallas-Love Field, Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix, Portland, Sacramento, and San Jose. United Airlines to Denver and San Francisco. Volaris to Guadalajara.
The airport has been making a large effort to attract new airlines, including lowering landing fees and new amenities to passengers inside the current terminals. So far, these efforts have attracted China Airlines, Frontier, and JetBlue to either begin or resume service to the airport.
Ontario has few noise restrictions/abatement rules, unlike other Southern California airports such as John Wayne Airport, Bob Hope Airport, Long Beach Airport, and San Diego International Airport, which all have very strict policies. The airport is allowed to operate 24/7, but during the hours of 10 pm to 7 am all aircraft must arrive from the east on runway 26L or 26R and take-off to the east on runway 8R or 8L, depending on ATC instruction. This procedure is known as "Contra-Flow" operations and applies to turbo-jet or turbo-fan aircraft. This procedure is similar to the one employed by Los Angeles International Airport, where all landings are conducted from the west and all takeoffs are to the west (known as "over-ocean" operations) between midnight and 6:30 a.m. Both of these procedures are employed as long as weather and/or construction activity permits. This is done in an effort to be better neighbors and minimize the noise impact to the surrounding communities as much as possible.
Ontario International Airport has two terminals and a separate adjacent international arrivals facility. The terminal numbering scheme was originally designed to accommodate future growth under a prior airport master plan.
Terminal 2 has 265,000 square feet (24,600 m2) and 12 gates (201212). Terminal 4 has 265,000 square feet (24,600 m2) and 14 gates (401414). The International arrivals facility has 2 gates for arrivals only, containing a U.S. Customs and Border Protection FIS/Federal Inspection Service. International flights depart from the main terminals.
A USO is housed in the old terminal complex near the international arrivals facility.
Remote parking is located on the east end of the airport (moved from its former location at the west end). On the east end is a ground transportation center that consolidates the rental car companies in one central location. A circulator bus circles the airport and provides connections to each of the terminals, rental car and remote parking lots, and public transit stops.
General aviation is located at the south side of the airport, although most general aviation pilots tend to use a number of nearby airports: Redlands Airport, Chino Airport, Brackett Field in La Verne, Cable Airport in Upland, or San Bernardino International Airport.
Ontario International Airport has a total of 19 passenger destinations, 17 domestic and 2 international (1 in Mexico and 1 in Taiwan). Volaris and China Airlines are the only international airlines that operate at ONT. Airlines operating from terminal 2 include Alaska Airlines, China Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways, United Airlines, and Volaris. The only Airlines in terminal 4 are American Airlines and Southwest Airlines.
|Alaska Airlines||Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, PhoenixSky Harbor|
|American Eagle||PhoenixSky Harbor|
|China Airlines||TaipeiTaoyuan |
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta (begins April 22, 2019), Salt Lake City|
|Delta Connection||Salt Lake City|
|Frontier Airlines|| Denver, Orlando, San Antonio|
|JetBlue Airways||New YorkJFK|
|Southwest Airlines||ChicagoMidway, DallasLove, Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, PhoenixSky Harbor, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Francisco (begins June 9, 2019), San Jose (CA)|
|United Airlines||Denver, San Francisco|
|United Express||HoustonIntercontinental (begins June 6, 2019), San Francisco|
|Amazon Air||Allentown, Charlotte, Chicago/Rockford, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Hartford, Honolulu, Miami, Sacramento, San AntonioLackland, Seattle/Tacoma, Stockton|
|Ameriflight||Bakersfield, Blythe, Burbank, Fresno, Imperial, Lancaster, Mojave, Oxnard, Palm Springs, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Tijuana, Visalia|
|Asia Pacific Airlines||Seasonal: Portland (OR), SeattleBoeing|
|FedEx Express||Fort Worth/Alliance, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Oakland, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma|
|FedEx Feeder||Bakersfield, Bishop, Imperial, Inyokern, Palmdale, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria|
|Kalitta Air||Seasonal: Honolulu, Philadelphia, SacramentoMather|
|UPS Airlines|| Albuquerque, Anchorage, Billings, Boise, Chicago/Rockford, Columbia (SC), Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Des Moines, El Paso, Fresno, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Kahului, KailuaKona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Louisville, Newark, Oakland, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, SacramentoMather, Salt Lake City, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Jose (CA), SeattleBoeing, Spokane, TokyoNarita, Tulsa|
Seasonal: HoustonIntercontinental, Lansing, Manchester (NH), Minneapolis/St. Paul
|1||PhoenixSky Harbor, Arizona||404,000||American, Southwest|
|4||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||249,000||American|
|5||Denver, Colorado||240,000||Frontier, Southwest, United|
|6||San Jose, California||158,000||Southwest|
|7||Las Vegas, Nevada||154,000||Southwest|
|9||San Francisco, California||110,000||United|
|10||Portland, Oregon||98,000||Alaska, Southwest|
|1||TaipeiTaoyuan, Taiwan||130,392||China Airlines|
|2||Guadalajara, Mexico||95,736||Aeroméxico, Volaris|
|3||León/Del Bajío, Mexico||1,638||Volaris|
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Ontario is a major southwestern gateway hub for UPS. Over 200 pilots are based at the Ontario hub. Ontario is the UPS Western Region hub for both air and trucking operations within a 13-state region. In addition to serving intra-regional traffic, the hub links to UPS's global hub in Louisville, Kentucky. The Ontario hub processes inbound UPS Next Day Air and UPS 2nd Day Air packages destined for Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Orange, San Diego, Riverside and Ventura counties. It provides outbound package delivery service from homes and businesses in the Inland Valley for delivery to destinations around the world. ONT serves as gateway for UPS' cargo flights to and from China. The Ontario facility sorts and distributes a majority of UPS international packages bound for delivery to the Pacific Rim. Four of the six direct weekly flights flown by UPS to China originate at the Ontario hub.
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