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Airport Roma (Italy) - Leonardo da Vinci

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RomeFiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroporti di Roma
ServesRome, Italy
LocationFiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates41°4801N 012°1420E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°4801N 012°1420E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Websiteadr.it
Map
FCO
Location in Lazio
FCO
FCO (Italy)
FCO
FCO (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers42,995,119
Passenger change 17-18 4.9%
Aircraft movement307,736
Movements change 1718 3.4%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

RomeFiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci") (IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with almost 43 million passengers served in 2018.[3]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 16 km2[4] and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.

History

Early years

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da VinciFiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[5]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]

Terminals

The airport currently features three passenger terminals, of which two are operational.

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1B13 and B14B30) is used by Alitalia and other SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8C16, D1D10, E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) is the largest terminal which is used by most of the companies.
  • Terminal 5 (under refurbishment) (formerly Gates E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) was used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is currently closed for extensive renovation.[6]

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened. In 1995, the international Pier B with 10 gates opened. In 1999, the international Satellite C with 14 gates and an elevated automated people mover, called SkyBridge, connected it with the main terminal. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized. In 2004, the new Cargo City terminal opened. In 2008, Terminal 5 opened for check-in for American carriers and El Al. Passengers are then bused to what was then called Satellite C. The terminal serves 950,000 passengers per year. In 2009, the terminals were renamed A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3 and T5 stayed the same. The former Terminal 2 has been closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the expansion of Terminal 1.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos AiresEzeiza
Air Albania Tirana (begins 30 September 2019)[8]
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Fez
Air Cairo Marsa Alam, Sharm El Sheikh
Air Canada MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson
Air China BeijingCapital, Hangzhou[9]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Italy MilanMalpensa, Olbia
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chiinu
Air Serbia Belgrade, Ni [10]
Air Transat TorontoPearson
Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau
airBaltic Riga
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes/Tarbes
Alitalia Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo,[11] BerlinTegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, JohannesburgO. R. Tambo, KyivZhuliany, Lamezia Terme, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, MilanLinate, MilanMalpensa, MoscowSheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New YorkJFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de JaneiroGaleão, Santiago de Chile, São PauloGuarulhos, SeoulIncheon, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, TokyoNarita, Toulouse, Trapani, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, WarsawChopin, Zurich
Seasonal: Ajaccio,[12] AmmanQueen Alia, ChicagoO'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia,[13] Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, Split, TenerifeNorth, TorontoPearson, WashingtonDulles[14]
Seasonal charter: Pointe-à-Pitre
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New YorkJFK
Armenia Aircompany Charter: Yerevan
Asiana Airlines SeoulIncheon
ASL Airlines France Charter: Ostend/Bruges, ParisOrly, Tangier
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bacu, Bucharest, Constana, Iai
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Blue Panorama Airlines Cayo Largo, Havana, La Romana, Reggio Calabria, Santiago de Cuba, Tirana
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Mykonos, Pantelleria, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Turin, Zakynthos
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Charter: Billund, Odense
British Airways LondonCity, LondonGatwick, LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines TaipeiTaoyuan
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New YorkJFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, BerlinTegel, Bristol, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, ParisOrly, Toulouse
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates DubaiInternational
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Maastricht/Aachen
Ernest Airlines Kharkiv, KyivZhuliany, Lviv, Tirana
Seasonal: Odessa
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Cardiff (ends 7 September 2019)[15]
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xi'an
HOP! Bordeaux, Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
Kenya Airways NairobiJomo Kenyatta[16]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LATAM Brasil São PauloGuarulhos (ends 30 September 2019)[17]
Lauda Vienna
Level Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air TehranImam Khomeini
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, Marsa Matruh, Menorca, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, Newark, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco-Oakland
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Pobeda MoscowVnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Comiso, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Kos, Rhodes
S7 AirlinesMoscowDomodedovo
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: OsloGardermoen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Smartwings Prague
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Transavia Rotterdam
Transavia France Nantes
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal charter: Casablanca
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Izmir
Ukraine International Airlines KyivBoryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: ChicagoO'Hare, WashingtonDulles
Ural Airlines MoscowZhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Catania, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, LondonGatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Munich, Nantes, Palermo, ParisCharles de Gaulle, ParisOrly, Prague, Santiago de Compostela, Santorini, Seville, Tel Aviv, TenerifeSouth, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kephalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
Wizz Air Budapest, Kutaisi, Vienna, WarsawChopin, Krakow, Chiinu (begins 29 October 2019)
Cargo
AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
FedEx Express Ancona, ParisCharles de Gaulle
Mistral Air Brescia, MilanLinate

Statistics

Busiest domestic routes
Busiest domestic routes from/to RomeFiumicino (2018)[18]
Rank Rank
var.
(1718)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Catania, Sicily 1,976,230 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 Palermo, Sicily 1,663,453 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
3 Milan-Linate, Lombardy 1,095,824 Alitalia
4 Cagliari, Sardinia 932,230 Alitalia
5 Bari, Apulia 740,186 Alitalia, Ryanair
6 1 Brindisi, Apulia 529,365 Alitalia, Ryanair
7 1 Turin, Piedmont 516,969 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
8 1 Venice, Veneto 493,929 Alitalia
9 1 Lamezia Terme, Calabria 455,605 Alitalia
10 Genoa, Liguria 351,656 Alitalia
11 1 Olbia, Sardinia 325,838 Air Italy, Meridiana
12 1 Naples, Campania 318,419 Alitalia
13 3 Bologna, Emilia-Romagna 295,627 Alitalia
14 3 Alghero, Sardinia 281,128 Blue Air
15 Florence, Tuscany 267,338 Alitalia
16 2 Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia 260,527 Alitalia
17 4 Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy 242,114 Air Italy, Alitalia
18 Verona, Veneto 203,717 Alitalia, Neos
19 2 Reggio Calabria, Calabria 183,115 Alitalia
20 1 Pisa, Tuscany 166,516 Alitalia
Busiest European routes
Busiest European Routes from/to RomeFiumicino (2018)[18]
Rank Rank
var.
1718
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Barcelona, Spain 1,327,312 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 1 Madrid, Spain 1,218,462 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
3 1 ParisCharles de Gaulle, France 1,207,436 Alitalia, Joon, Vueling
4 1 LondonHeathrow, United Kingdom 1,075,100 Alitalia, British Airways
5 3 Amsterdam, Netherlands 1,064,254 Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling
6 ParisOrly, France 741,093 easyJet, Vueling
7 2 Munich, Germany 725,483 Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling
8 1 Brussels, Belgium 719,056 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair
9 1 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 718,684 Alitalia, Lufthansa
10 LondonGatwick, United Kingdom 693,885 British Airways, easyJet, Vueling
11 Athens, Greece 571,935 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia
12 1 MoscowSheremetyevo, Russia 518,044 Aeroflot, Alitalia
13 1 Zurich, Switzerland 477,394 Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines
14 Lisbon, Portugal 427,352 TAP Portugal
15 11 Vienna, Austria 401,344 Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air
16 IstanbulAtatürk, Turkey 399,669 Turkish Airlines
17 4 Luqa, Malta 367,718 Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair
18 3 Geneva, Switzerland 343,211 Alitalia, easyJet
19 1 Tirana, Albania 330,545 Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines
20 2 Nice, France 320,514 Alitalia, easyJet
Busiest intercontinental routes
Busiest intercontinental routes from/to RomeFiumicino (2018)[18]
Rank Rank
var.
17/18
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 1 Tel AvivBen Gurion, Israel 813,363 Alitalia, El Al, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling, Ryanair
2 1 New YorkJohn F. Kennedy, United States 754,088 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
3 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 607,288 Emirates
4 1 SeoulIncheon, South Korea 420,872 Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
5 9 São PauloGuarulhos, Brazil 403,276 Alitalia, LATAM Brasil
6 1 Doha, Qatar 382,292 Qatar Airways
7 3 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 372,266 Alitalia, Etihad Airways
8 2 Buenos AiresEzeiza, Argentina 352,692 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
9 1 TorontoPearson, Canada 342,957 Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat
10 15 Newark, United States 291,841 Norwegian Air Shuttle, United Airlines
11 2 Cairo, Egypt 284,924 Alitalia, EgyptAir
12 Tunis, Tunisia 241,850 Alitalia, Tunisair
13 2 Atlanta, United States 224,958 Delta Air Lines
14 1 ChicagoO'Hare, United States 215,099 Alitalia, American Airlines, United Airlines
15 5 BeijingCapital, China 214,536 Air China
16 22 Delhi, India 214,506 Air India, Alitalia
17 2 IstanbulSabiha Gökçen, Turkey 205,216 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
18 12 Los Angeles, United States 202,335 Alitalia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
19 3 TokyoNarita, Japan 199,053 Alitalia
20 MontréalTrudeau, Canada 182,677 Air Canada, Air Transat

Ground transportation

Train

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[19] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[20]

Road

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flightsome engendered by Palestinians as part of the IsraeliPalestinian conflict.

References

  1. ^ "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  2. ^ Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. ^ Article in GV-Guida Viaggi
  4. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  5. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  6. ^ http://www.adr.it/documents/10157/554493/Allocazione+Terminal+per+Vettori_24luglio.pdf
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014.[unreliable source?]
  8. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285739/air-albania-launches-italy-service-in-late-sep-2019/
  9. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283513/air-china-adds-hangzhou-rome-service-from-june-2019/
  10. ^ Air Serbia to launch twelve routes from Ni
  11. ^ "Alitalia adds Rome - Milan Bergamo service from late-July 2019". routesonline.com. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  12. ^ FCO-AJA Alitalia
  13. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/282675/alitalia-adds-rome-kefallinia-service-in-3q19/
  14. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284769/alitalia-w19-washington-frequency-changes/
  15. ^ Liu, Jim. "flyBe network changes from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Kenya Airways resumes Rome / Geneva service in June 2019". routesonline.com. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  17. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284037/latam-brasil-discontinues-rome-service-from-oct-2019/
  18. ^ a b c "Italy 2018 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  19. ^ [1] Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  21. ^ a b Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking" (PDF). FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 – via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  22. ^ a b "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  23. ^ Official Italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  24. ^  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  25. ^ Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  26. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 777-367ER B-KPY Roma-Fiumicino Airport". Aviation Safety Network. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.

External links

Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage


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