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Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Leonardo da Vinci
International Airport

Aeroporto Internazionale
Leonardo da Vinci
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma
Serves Rome, Italy
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°4801N 012°1420E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°4801N 012°1420E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Website adr.it
Map
FCO
Location in Italy
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 41,744,769
Passenger change 14-15 3.2%
Aircraft movements 314,167
Movements change 1415 0.3%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Italian: Fiumicino Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci) (IATA: FCOICAO: LIRF) or simply Rome Fiumicino Airport, also known as just Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with 41.7 million passengers served in 2016.[2] It is located in Fiumicino, 18.9 nautical miles (35.0 km; 21.7 mi) west of Rome's historic city centre.[1]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 36th-busiest airport in 2015. It covers an area of 29 square kilometres (7,200 acres) and is named after the most recognized polymath; Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.

History

Early years

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da VinciFiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[3]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built by 2044, when there are estimated to be 100 million passengers per year.

Terminals

The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[4] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened. In 1995, the international Pier B with 10 gates opened. In 1999, the international Satellite C with 14 gates and an elevated automated people mover, called SkyBridge, connected it with the main terminal.[citation needed]

In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized. In 2004, the new Cargo City terminal opened. In 2008, Terminal 5 opened for check-in for American carriers and El Al. Passengers are then bused to what was then called Satellite C. The terminal serves 950,000 passengers per year. In 2009, the terminals were renamed A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3 and T5 stayed the same.[citation needed]

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1-B13 and B14-B30) is used by Alitalia (short-haul flights), Air France, Croatia Airlines,[5] Etihad Regional and KLM.
  • Terminal 2 (Gates C1-C7) is mainly used by easyJet with Blue Air, Wizz Air, and Ryanair being the only other tenants. This terminal will close on 15 december 2017 for Terminal 1 extension.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8-C16, D1-D10, H1-H3, H6-H19 and G1-G14) is the largest terminal and used by Alitalia (long-haul flights), Vueling and several other companies.
  • Terminal 5 (Gates H1-H3, H6-H19 and G1-G14) is used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is closed for renovation.[6]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St. Petersburg
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos AiresEzeiza
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Fez
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada TorontoPearson
Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau
Air China BeijingCapital
Air Europa Madrid
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chiinu
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes
Alitalia Abu Dhabi, Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, BeijingCapital, Belgrade, BerlinTegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Havana, JohannesburgO.R. Tambo (resumes 8 April 2018),[7] KievZhuliany, Lamezia Terme, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, MilanLinate, MoscowSheremetyevo, Munich, NairobiJomo Kenyatta (resumes 28 March 2018),[8] Naples, New YorkJFK, Nice, Oran, Palermo, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de JaneiroGaleăo, Santiago de Chile, Săo PauloGuarulhos, SeoulIncheon, Sofia, TehranImam Khomeini, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Tirana, TokyoNarita, Toulouse, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia (resumes 26 March 2018),[9] Venice, WarsawChopin, Zürich
Seasonal: AmmanQueen Alia, ChicagoO'Hare, Delhi, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé,[10] Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, St Petersburg, Santorini, Split, TenerifeNorth, Thessaloniki, TorontoPearson, Trapani
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Bologna, Florence, Geneva, Genoa, LondonCity, MilanLinate, MilanMalpensa (resumes 1 April 2018),[11] Munich, Naples, Nice, Oran, Podgorica, Pisa, Trieste, Turin, Venice, Verona, Zürich
Seasonal: Thessaloniki
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New YorkJFK
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal Charter: Yerevan
Asiana Airlines SeoulIncheon
ASL Airlines France Charter: Ostend/Bruges, ParisOrly, Tangier
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Alghero, Bacu, Bucharest, Constana, Iai, Liverpool, Turin
Blu-express
operated by Blue Panorama Airlines
Reggio Calabria, Tirana
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Mykonos, Pantelleria, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Blue Panorama Airlines Cancún, Cayo Largo del Sur, Havana, Santiago de Cuba
Charter: Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Sharm El Sheikh
Braathens Regional Aviation Charter: Billund, Odense
British Airways LondonGatwick, LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines TaipeiTaoyuan
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New YorkJFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Bristol, Hamburg (ends 23 March 2018), LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Lyon, Nice, ParisOrly, Toulouse
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel AvivBen Gurion
Emirates DubaiInternational
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Maastricht/Aachen
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Munich, Vienna
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Cardiff
FlyOne Chiinu
FLY Servus
operated by Common Sky
Crotone (begins 8 January 2018)[12][13]
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Xi'an
HOP! Bordeaux, Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Vigo
Iran Air TehranImam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel AvivBen Gurion
Japan Airlines Seasonal charter: TokyoHaneda
Jet2.com Birmingham (begins 2 February 2018),[14][15] Manchester
Seasonal: Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle
Joon Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 25 March 2018)[16]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LATAM Brasil Săo PauloGuarulhos (begins 17 March 2018)[17]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Meridiana Fuerteventura, MilanMalpensa (begins 1 April 2018), Olbia, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: La Romana, Mauritius, Mombasa, Nosy Be, Zanzibar[18]
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Mistral Air Tirana
Seasonal: Tivat
Charter: Bydgoszcz
Seasonal charter: Enfidha, Heraklion, Marsa Alam, Menorca, Mostar, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Shannon, Sharm El Sheikh, Tarbes/Lourdes
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos Seasonal: Boa Vista, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Malé, Rhodes, Nosy Be, Sal, TenerifeSouth, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Mersa Matruh, Tel AvivBen Gurion
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Copenhagen, Helsinki, OsloGardermoen, StockholmArlanda, TenerifeSouth
Seasonal: Bergen, Gothenburg, Málaga
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul
Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland (begins 6 February 2018)[19]
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Primera Air Seasonal: Aalborg
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Comiso, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Trapani
Seasonal: Corfu, Chania
S7 Airlines MoscowDomodedovo
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: OsloGardermoen
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Prague
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways BangkokSuvarnabhumi
Transavia Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Nantes (begins 19 April 2018)[20]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal charter: Casablanca
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Izmir
Tus Air Larnaca
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: ChicagoO'Hare, WashingtonDulles
Ural Airlines MoscowZhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench (begins 10 April 2018)[21]
Vueling Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bilbao, Catania, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, LondonGatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Munich, Nantes, Palermo, ParisOrly, Prague, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TenerifeSouth, Valencia, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Cephalonia, Copenhagen, Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, KievZhuliany, Kos, Lampedusa, Menorca, Mykonos, Nice, OsloGardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkhada, Rennes, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
Wizz Air Budapest, Katowice, Sofia, Kutaisi (begins 17 May 2018),[22] Vilnius, WarsawChopin
Cargo
Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Ličge
FedEx Express
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Ancona, ParisCharles de Gaulle
Mistral Air Brescia, Milan-Linate

Statistics

Busiest domestic routes
Busiest domestic routes from/to RomeFiumicino (2016)[23]
Rank Rank
var.
(1516)
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Catania, Sicily 2,047,240 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 Palermo, Sicily 1,596,598 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
3 Milan-Linate, Lombardy 1,189,185 Alitalia
4 Cagliari, Sardinia 935,510 Alitalia
5 2 Bari, Apulia 798,325 Alitalia, Ryanair
6 Lamezia Terme, Calabria 685,630 Alitalia, Ryanair
7 2 Turin, Piedmont 638,229 Alitalia, Blue Air
8 1 Brindisi, Apulia 585,012 Alitalia, Ryanair
9 1 Venice, Veneto 540,397 Alitalia
10 Genoa, Liguria 378,147 Alitalia
11 5 Alghero, Sardinia 361,576 Alitalia
12 1 Naples, Campania 326,541 Alitalia
13 1 Reggio Calabria, Calabria 313,586 Alitalia, Blu-express
14 1 Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia 293,874 Alitalia
15 4 Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy 291,701 Alitalia, easyJet
16 2 Olbia, Sardinia 289,840 Meridiana
17 1 Bologna, Emilia-Romagna 253,531 Alitalia
18 1 Firenze, Toscana 228,543 Alitalia
19 Verona, Veneto 195,967 Alitalia
20 Pisa, Toscana 132,845 Alitalia
Busiest European routes
Busiest European Routes from/to RomeFiumicino (2016)[24]
Rank Rank
var.
15-16
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Barcelona, Spain 1,314,602 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 2 Madrid, Spain 1,106,699 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
3 1 Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 1,105,420 Air France, Alitalia
4 1 Amsterdam, Netherlands 1,098,610 Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling
5 London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 987,509 Alitalia, British Airways
6 2 London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 748,995 British Airways, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling
7 2 Paris-Orly, France 729,929 easyJet, Vueling
8 2 Brussels, Belgium 715,336 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
9 2 Munich, Germany 709,747 Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling
10 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 693,327 Alitalia, Lufthansa
11 Athens, Greece 572,440 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia
12 3 Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia 470,942 Aeroflot, Alitalia
13 3 Zürich, Switzerland 446,144 Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
14 1 Vienna, Austria 434,968 Eurowings, Niki, Vueling
15 3 Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey 402,675 Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
16 2 Copenhagen, Denmark 380,417 Alitalia, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
17 Lisbon, Portugal 370,423 TAP Portugal
18 2 Geneva, Switzerland 352,566 Alitalia, easyJet, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
19 Berlin-Tegel, Germany 340,882 Air Berlin , Alitalia, Vueling
20 5 Luqa, Malta 318,238 Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes
Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome-Fiumicino (2016)[24]
Rank Rank
var.
15/16
Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 2 Tel Aviv-Ben-Gurion, Israel 677,453 Alitalia, El Al, Israir Airlines, Vueling
2 New York-John F. Kennedy, United States 652,262 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
3 2 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 610,339 Emirates
4 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 372,977 Alitalia, Etihad Airways
5 1 Doha, Qatar 313,758 Qatar Airways
6 1 Toronto-Pearson, Canada 304,425 Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat
7 11 Seoul-Incheon, South Korea 300,365 Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
8 1 Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina 284,066 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
9 1 Cairo, Egypt 267,099 Alitalia, Egyptair
10 1 Atlanta, United States 221,287 Delta Air Lines
11 1 Tunis, Tunisia 209,843 Alitalia, Tunisair
12 1 Chicago-O'Hare, United States 209,521 Alitalia, American Airlines, United Airlines
13 1 Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey 194,878 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
14 1 Tokyo-Narita, Japan 191,257 Alitalia
15 5 Săo Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil 187,466 Alitalia
16 8 Beijing-Capital, China 184,865 Air China, Alitalia
17 2 Casablanca, Morocco 169,689 Alitalia, Royal Air Maroc
18 4 Beirut, Lebanon 167,155 Alitalia, Middle East Airlines
19 3 Miami, United States 166,689 Alitalia
20 1 Rio de Janeiro-Galeăo, Brazil 159,124 Alitalia

Access

Train

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[25] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[26]

Road

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by a six-lane motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flightsome engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800, operated by a Boeing 707, had an engine catch fire during take off. 50 of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 17 December 1973, during the 1973 Rome airport attacks and hijacking, a Boeing 707-321B operating as Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian assailants. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.[27] During the same incident a Lufthansa Boeing 737 (D-ABEY)[28] was hijacked and landed at Athens, Damascus and finally in Kuwait. All remaining passengers and crew were then released.[27] One person died in the incident.[28]
  • On 27 December 1985, during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks, assailants shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 others at the airport.
  • On 2 April 1986, TWA Flight 840, which was travelling from Fiumicino to Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece, was bombed, ejecting 4 people from the plane to their deaths. The plane landed safely.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines Flight 775 from London Gatwick to Entebbe International Airport via Fiumicino, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers aboard, as well as all 7 crew members, died.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, overran the runway during landing. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[29][30][31]
  • On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino Airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway and crashed. 10 passengers suffered minor injuries and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital. The crash is still being investigated.[32]
  • On 7 May 2015, during the early hours of the morning, a fire broke out and caused substantial damage to a number of security control cabins and the main commercial area of Terminal 3. The airport reopened shortly after 2pm local time. Hundreds of flights were cancelled due to the fire.[33] The terminal has now reopened with all check-in desks operational, new security screening facilities, and piers D, G and H now accepting passengers.[citation needed]
  • On 29 July 2015, a forest fire broke out near the airport, causing its closure for 2 hours. [34]200 flights were cancelled with passengers stuck and thousands of holidaymakers had their flights cancelled due to the fire. [35]

References

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014. [unreliable source?]
  5. ^ http://www.anna.aero/2015/04/29/new-airline-routes-launched-21-april-27-april-2015/
  6. ^ http://www.adr.it/documents/10157/554493/Allocazione+Terminal+per+Vettori_24luglio.pdf
  7. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275770/alitalia-resumes-2-african-routes-in-ns18/
  8. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275770/alitalia-resumes-2-african-routes-in-ns18/
  9. ^ https://www.alitalia.com/it_it/booking/flight-select.html
  10. ^ http://www.agenparl.com/alitalia-volo-diretto-roma-male-dal-31-ottobre-collegamento-tutta-la-stagione-invernale/
  11. ^ Alitalia, torna il volo Malpensa-Roma che perdeva 6 milioni di euro all'anno
  12. ^ https://www.flyservus.com/flugplan/flugplan,flyservus,it.html
  13. ^ https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/62045-crotone-italy-reopens-to-traffic-scheduled-ops-due-in-1q18
  14. ^ http://www.jet2.com/en/cheap-flights/birmingham/rome
  15. ^ http://www.travelweekly.co.uk/articles/289061/jet2com-adds-a-further-550000-seats-from-former-monarch-bases
  16. ^ Joon begin new service to Rome from March 2018
  17. ^ http://www.travelquotidiano.com/trasporti/latam-airlines-aprira-a-marzo-la-nuova-rotta-roma-san-paolo/tqid-294335
  18. ^ https://www.meridiana.it/en/flight-info/timetable
  19. ^ Liu, Jim (31 May 2017). "Norwegian launches Rome - US routes from Nov 2017". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. 
  20. ^ Transavia France begins operatios between Nantes and Rome
  21. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275400/uzbekistan-airways-adds-rome-urgench-sector-in-s18/
  22. ^ "Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Prague: Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi". agenda.ge. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  23. ^ "Italy 2016 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  24. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference ENAC 2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ [1] Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  27. ^ a b Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking" (PDF). FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board 
  28. ^ a b "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  29. ^ Official italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database . Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  30. ^  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  31. ^ Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  32. ^ Matt Blake (30 September 2013). "Alitalia plane carrying 151 passengers crash lands in Rome after its landing gear fails to open in a storm | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  33. ^ BBC News (7 May 2015). "Chaos at Rome Fiumicino airport after terminal fire". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  34. ^ http://www.france24.com/en/20150729-forest-fire-grounds-flights-rome-fiumicino-airport
  35. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/travelnews/article-3071758/Chaos-Rome-airport-two-storey-high-flames-engulfed-terminal-leaving-thousands-passengers-stranded.html

External links



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