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Airport Madrid (Spain) - Barajas

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Madrid Barajas
Adolfo Suárez Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez
Airport typePublic
ServesMadrid, Spain
LocationDistrict of Barajas, Madrid
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates40°2820N 003°3339W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°2820N 003°3339W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
Location within Madrid
MAD (Community of Madrid )
MAD (Spain)
MAD (Europe)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14R/32L 4,100 13,451 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
14L/32R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
18R/36L 4,350 14,268 Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passenger change 16-17 5.9%
Aircraft Movements387,566
Movements change 16-17 2.5%
Cargo (t)470,795
Cargo change 16-17 13.1%
Economic impact (2012)$10.9 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)130,900[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]

Adolfo Suárez MadridBarajas Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas [aeopweto aðolfo swaeð maðið aaxas]) (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD),[5] commonly known as MadridBarajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha (7,500 acres) in area, it is the largest airport in Europe by physical size along with ParisCharles de Gaulle Airport.[6][7] In 2017, 53.4 million passengers used MadridBarajas, making it the country's largest and busiest airport and Europe's sixth busiest.

The airport opened in 1928, and has grown to be one of the most important aviation centres of Europe. Located within the city limits of Madrid, it is just 9 km (6 mi) from the city's financial district and 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the Puerta del Sol or Plaza Mayor de Madrid, Madrid's historic centre. The airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, and is a particularly key link between Europe and Latin America. The airport is the primary hub and maintenance base for Iberia. Consequently, Iberia is responsible for more than 40% of Barajas' traffic. The airport has five passenger terminals named T1, T2, T3, T4 and T4S.


Early years

The airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club. The first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas (LAPE) with its route to Barcelona. In the 1930s, flights started to serve some European and African destinations, the first international flights from the airport.

Originally, the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, unpaved, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed. The first runway which started operation in 1944 was 1,400 metres long and 45 metres wide.[8] By the end of the decade the airport had three runways, none of which exist today. In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started.

In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to five runways and scheduled flights to New York City began. The National Terminal, currently T2, began construction in 1954 and opened later that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1970s, large jets were landing at Barajas, and the growth of traffic mainly as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957.

In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers and began the construction of the international terminal (current T1). In 1974, Iberia, L.A.E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation.

The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.[8]

In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, which is used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall and then in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3.

In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations (replacing the previous 1836), 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal. Two parallel runways to the existing ones were also built.

Development since the 2000s

The new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.

Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal, (winning team of the 2006 Stirling Prize) and TPS Engineers, (winning team of the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures)[9] was built by Ferrovial[10] and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in separate landside and airside structures. It consists of a main building, T4 (470,000 m²) and a satellite building, T4S (290,000 m²), which are approximately 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is designed to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls and numerous skylights which allow natural light into the structure. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually.

During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways (15L/33R and 18L/36R) were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas. These runways were officially inaugurated on 5 February 2006 (together with the terminals), but had already been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two on a northsouth axis and parallel to each other (separated by 1.8 km) and two on a northwestsoutheast axis (and separated by 2.5 km). This allowed simultaneous takeoffs and landings into the airport, allowing 120 operations an hour (one takeoff or landing every 30 seconds).

Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are adjacent terminals that are home to SkyTeam and Star Alliance airlines. Terminal 4 is home to Iberia, its franchise Air Nostrum and all Oneworld partner airlines. Gate numbers are continuous in terminals 1, 2 and 3 (A1 to E89), but are separately numbered in terminal 4 (H, J, K and M, R, S, U in satellite building).

The MadridBarcelona air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally called "Air Bridge", is the busiest route between two European airports[11] with 55 daily flights in 2012.[12] The schedule has been reduced since the February 2008 opening of the MadridBarcelona high-speed rail line which covers the distance in ​2 12 hours.

In 2007, the airport processed more than 52 million passengers. Barajas was voted "Best Airport" in the 2008 Condé Nast Traveller Reader Awards.[13]

In December 2010, the Spanish government announced plans to tender MadridBarajas airport to companies in the private sector for a period of up to 40 years.[14]

On 27 January 2012, Spanair suspended all flights affecting MadridBarajas as well as other domestic and international connections.[15] On 20 September 2012, both runways 15/33 were renamed as 14R/32L (the longest) and 14L/32R (the shortest).

On 1 August 2015, the first scheduled Airbus A380 flight landed in Madrid-Barajas in a daily service to Dubai by Emirates.

Following the death of former Spanish Prime Minister, Adolfo Suárez, in 2014, the Spanish Ministry of Public Works and Transport announced[16] that the airport would be renamed Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez, MadridBarajas. This renaming seeks recognition for Suárez's role as the first Prime Minister of Spain after the restoration of democracy and his key participation in the transition to democracy after the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

Airlines and destinations


As of November 2018, the following airlines serve 193 regular scheduled and charter routes to and from Madrid:[17]

Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos AiresEzeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
airBaltic Riga
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Tangier
Air Canada TorontoPearson
Air China BeijingCapital, São PauloGuarulhos
Air Europa A Coruña, Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Asturias (begins 1 March 2019),[18] Asunción, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Cordoba (AR), Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Guayaquil, Havana, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lima, Lisbon, LondonGatwick, Málaga, Marrakesh, Miami, MilanMalpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New YorkJFK, Palma de Mallorca, Panama CityTocumen (begins 25 February 2019),[19] ParisOrly, Porto, Puerto Iguazú (begins 1 June 2019),[20] Punta Cana, Quito, Recife, RomeFiumicino, Salvador, San Pedro Sula, Santa Cruz de la SierraViru Viru, Santo DomingoLas Americas, São PauloGuarulhos, Seville, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TenerifeNorth, Valencia, Venice, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens (begins 16 June 2019),[21] Copenhagen (begins 15 June 2019),[21] EilatOvda,[22] Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 17 June 2019)[21]
Air France ParisCharles de Gaulle (ends 30 March 2019)[23]
Air India Delhi
Air Moldova Chiinu
Air Transat Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau
Alitalia MilanLinate, RomeFiumicino
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New YorkJFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
Avianca Bogotá, Cali, MedellínJMC
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou
Blue Air Bacu, Bucharest, Turin
Boliviana de Aviación Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la SierraViru Viru
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines Malabo
China Eastern Airlines ShanghaiPudong, Xi'an (begins 18 December 2018)[24]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou (begins 31 March 2019)
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New YorkJFK
easyJet BerlinTegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lisbon, Liverpool, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Lyon, MilanMalpensa, ParisCharles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel AvivBen Gurion
Emirates DubaiInternational
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas[25]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Vienna
Evelop Airlines Cancún, Havana, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Mauritius
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen
Iberia A Coruña, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao, Bogotá, Boston,[26] Brussels, Budapest, Buenos AiresEzeiza, Caracas, ChicagoO'Hare, DakarDiass, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Granada, Guatemala City, Hamburg, Havana, Jerez de la Frontera, JohannesburgOR Tambo, Lima, Lisbon, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Marrakesh, MedellínJMC, Mexico City, Miami, MilanLinate, MilanMalpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New YorkJFK, Oran, Oviedo, Panama CityTocumen, ParisOrly, Porto, Prague, Quito, Rio de JaneiroGaleão, RomeFiumicino, San José (CR), San Salvador, Santander, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de Compostela, Santo DomingoLas Americas, São PauloGuarulhos, ShanghaiPudong, StockholmArlanda, Tel AvivBen Gurion, TokyoNarita, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: MoscowDomodedovo, San Francisco, San Juan, Split, Saint Petersburg
Iberia Express Amsterdam, BerlinTegel, Bordeaux, Birmingham, Copenhagen, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Lanzarote, LondonGatwick, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Rennes, Santiago de Compostela, TenerifeNorth, TenerifeSouth, Seville, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Bari (begins 1 July 2019), Bucharest, Cagliari, Cardiff, Cork, Edinburgh, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kraków, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos,[27] OsloGardermoen, Palermo,[27] ReykjavikKeflavik, Santorini, Toulouse
Iberia Regional Alicante, Algiers, Almería, Badajoz, Bologna, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Frankfurt, Granada, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Logroño, Lyon, Marrakesh, Marseille, Melilla, Menorca, Nantes, Nice, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, San Sebastián, Santander, Strasbourg, Tangier, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Vigo
Seasonal: Biarritz, Faro, Funchal, Malta, Olbia, Split
Icelandair Seasonal: ReykjavíkKeflavík
Joon ParisCharles de Gaulle (begins 31 March 2019)[28]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air SeoulIncheon
LATAM Brasil São PauloGuarulhos
LATAM Chile Frankfurt, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Ecuador Guayaquil
LATAM Perú Lima
Laudamotion Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, LondonGatwick, Los Angeles, New YorkJFK, OsloGardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, ReykjavikKeflavik, StockholmArlanda, TenerifeNorth
Seasonal: Bergen, Boston (begins 2 May 2019),[29] Catania, Dubrovnik, Fort Lauderdale (begins 30 March 2019),[30] Malta, Marrakesh
Pegasus Airlines IstanbulSabiha Gökçen
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Caracas,[31] Lima
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian AmmanQueen Alia
Ryanair Bari,[32] Beauvais, Bergamo, BerlinSchönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Eindhoven, Fes, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lamezia Terme, LondonStansted, Luxembourg, Malta, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Ouarzazate, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Pozna, Prague,[32] Rabat, RomeCiampino, Santiago de Compostela, Sofia, Tangier, TenerifeNorth, TenerifeSouth, Toulouse, Verona, Vilnius, WarsawModlin, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Menorca
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
SmartWings Tel AvivBen Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia France ParisOrly
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines IstanbulAtatürk (ends 31 December 2018),[33] IstanbulNew (begins 1 January 2019)[33]
Ukraine International Airlines KievBoryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: WashingtonDulles
Volotea Bordeaux, Genoa, Nantes
Seasonal: Alghero,[34] Bastia (begins 4 June 2019)[35]
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, Ibiza, ParisCharles de Gaulle, RomeFiumicino
Seasonal: Menorca
Wamos Air Cancún, Punta Cana
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Sibiu, Sofia, Timioara, Vienna (begins 15 February 2019)[36]
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlantic Airlines Liège
Cygnus Air Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, TenerifeNorth
DHL Aviation BeijingCapital, Casablanca, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, LondonHeathrow, Miami, MilanMalpensa, ParisCharles de Gaulle
Emirates Sky Cargo DubaiAl Maktoum
FedEx Feeder Dublin, ParisCharles de Gaulle
Kalitta Air Miami
MASkargo Frankfurt, Kuala LumpurInternational
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Swiftair Algiers, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Casablanca, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Lisbon, MilanMalpensa, Palma de Mallorca, ParisCharles de Gaulle, StockholmArlanda, TenerifeNorth[37]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Belgrade, Casablanca, Houston-Intercontinental, IstanbulAtatürk. Miami[38]
UPS Airlines Casablanca, ChicagoO'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, LondonStansted

Traffic and statistics

Passenger numbers
Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes)
2001 34,050,215 375,558 295,944
2002 33,915,302 368,029 295,711
2003 35,855,861 383,804 307,026
2004 38,718,614 401,503 341,177
2005 42,146,784 415,704 333,138
2006 45,799,983 434,959 325,702
2007 52,110,787 483,292 325,201
2008 50,846,494 469,746 329,187
2009 48,437,147 435,187 302,863
2010 49,863,504 433,683 373,380
2011 49,671,270 429,390 394,154
2012 45,195,014 373,185 359,362
2013 39,735,618 333,056 346,602
2014 41,833,374 342,601 366,645
2015 46,828,279 366,605 381,069
2016 50,420,583 378,150 415,774
2017 53,402,506 387,566 470,795
2018 (OCT YTD) 48,783,828 343,763 425,800
Source: Aena Statistics[3]
Route statistics
Busiest domestic routes at Adolfo Suárez, MadridBarajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Barcelona 2,341,062 Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,816,204 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
3 Gran Canaria 1,511,303 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
4 Tenerife (North) 1,382,264 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
5 Bilbao 743,844 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiftair
6 Ibiza 730,162 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair, Vueling
7 A Coruña 621,971 Air Europa, Iberia
8 Santiago de Compostela 608,003 Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair
9 Vigo 594,044 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Swiftair
10 Oviedo 479,819 Iberia
Busiest European routes at MadridBarajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Lisbon, Portugal 1,429,092 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia, Privilege Style, TAP Express, TAP Portugal
2 London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,382,307 British Airways, Iberia
3 Paris (Orly), France 1,152,677 Air Europa, Iberia, Transavia France
4 Paris (CDG), France 1,106,769 Air France, easyJet, Iberia Express, Vueling
5 Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 1,095,812 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
6 Frankfurt, Germany 1,057,874 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, LATAM Chile, Lufthansa
7 London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 1,030,404 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International
8 Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1,027,895 Air Europa, Iberia Express, KLM
9 Brussels, Belgium 965,715 Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
10 Munich, Germany 829,574 Air Europa, Iberia, Lufthansa
11 Zurich, Switzerland 622,518 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
12 Porto, Portugal 615,307 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair, TAP Air Portugal
13 Milan (Malpensa), Italy 602,604 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia
14 Dublin, Ireland 547,915 Aer Lingus, Iberia Express, Ryanair
15 Geneva, Switzerland 520,440 easyJet Switzerland, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
16 London (Stansted), United Kingdom 475,739 Ryanair
17 Bucharest, Romania 440,254 Blue Air, Iberia Express, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
18 Rome (Ciampino), Italy 389,633 Ryanair
19 Toulouse, France 367,940 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair
20 Copenhagen, Denmark 360,902 Iberia Express, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair
21 Düsseldorf, Germany 340,069 Iberia
22 Venice, Italy 320,860 Iberia
23 Bergamo, Italy 315,850 Ryanair
24 Bologna, Italy 287,162 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
25 Vienna, Austria 281,321 Eurowings, Iberia
26 Athens, Greece 279,572 Aegean Airlines, Iberia
27 Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 260,132 Turkish Airlines
28 Prague, Czech Republic 248,502 Czech Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
29 Berlin (Tegel), Germany 233,565 easyJet, Iberia Express
30 Budapest, Hungary 231,267 Iberia, Ryanair, Wizz Air
31 Milan (Linate), Italy 227,837 Iberia
32 Lyon, France 222,085 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia Express
33 Moscow (Sheremetyevo), Russia 213,388 Aeroflot
34 Berlin (Schönefeld), Germany 205,942 Ryanair
35 Sofia, Bulgaria 200,788 Bulgaria Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air
36 Stockholm, Sweden 192,785 Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
37 Marseille, France 188,237 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
38 Edinburgh, United Kingdom 181,518 easyJet, Iberia Express
39 Helsinki, Finland 177,648 Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
40 Hamburg, Germany 176,376 Iberia, Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at MadridBarajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 814,915 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Europa, Iberia
2 Bogotá, Colombia 790,035 Air Europa, Avianca, Iberia, Wamos Air
3 New York (JFK), United States 779,086 Air Europa, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Iberia
4 Mexico City, Mexico 681,814 Aeroméxico, Iberia
5 Lima, Peru 653,066 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6 Miami, United States 650,756 Air Europa, American Airlines, Iberia, Wamos Air
7 São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 638,846 Air China, Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM
8 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 526,248 Emirates
9 Santiago, Chile 497,844 Iberia, LATAM, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
10 Havana, Cuba 487,150 Air Europa, Cubana de Aviación, Evelop Airlines, Iberia
11 Tel Aviv, Israel 440,936 Air Europa, El Al, Iberia
12 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 374,168 Air Europa, Iberia
13 Doha, Qatar 349,166 Qatar Airways
14 Cancún, Mexico 309,041 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
15 Marrakesh, Morocco 294,699 Air Europa, Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair
16 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 218,614 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
17 Montevideo, Uruguay 213,837 Air Europa, Iberia
18 Casablanca, Morocco 210,036 Iberia, Royal Air Maroc
19 San José, Costa Rica 199,685 Iberia
20 Tangier, Morocco 191,155 Air Arabia Maroc, Air Nostrum, Royal Air Maroc Express, Ryanair
21 Quito, Ecuador 178,870 Iberia
22 Santa Cruz, Bolivia 174,368 Air Europa, Boliviana de Aviación
23 Guayaquil, Ecuador 173,171 Air Europa, LATAM Ecuador
24 Chicago, United States 172,791 Iberia
25 Panama City, Panama 172,457 Iberia
26 Caracas, Venezuela 170,086 Air Europa, Conviasa, Iberia
27 Dallas, United States 159,372 American Airlines
28 Cali, Colombia 158,657 Avianca
29 Shanghai, China 147,556 China Eastern Airlines, Iberia
30 Philadelphia, United States 137,149 American Airlines
31 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 135,928 Etihad Airways
32 Atlanta, United States 132,975 Delta Air Lines
33 Hong Kong, Hong Kong 131,033 Cathay Pacific
34 Newark, United States 121,915 United Airlines
35 Boston, United States 119,914 Air Europa, Iberia
36 Medellín, Colombia 115,283 Avianca, Iberia
37 Dakar, Senegal 105,382 Air Europa, Iberia
38 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 105,317 Iberia
39 Algiers, Algeria 102,872 Air Algérie, Iberia
40 Toronto, Canada 100,828 Air Canada
Airline market share
Largest Airlines at MadridBarajas International Airport (2017)
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Iberia 14,055,597
2 Air Europa 7,783,953
3 Ryanair 6,697,100
4 Iberia Express 4,987,319
5 Air Nostrum 2,920,535
6 easyJet 1,495,941
7 Norwegian Air International 1,327,493
8 Vueling 1,223,888
9 Lufthansa 821,380
10 Air France 685,821
11 American Airlines 652,298
12 TAP Portugal 645,461
13 Avianca 586,573
14 KLM 558,590
15 British Airways 540,788

Ground transport


The Madrid Metro Line connects the airport with city centre station Nuevos Ministerios in Madrid's financial district. The Barajas Line 8 provides a fast route from the underground stations at Terminal 2 (access to T1 and T3) and Terminal 4 into central Madrid. The metro also provides links to stations on the Spanish railway network.

In October 2006, a bid was launched for the construction of a Cercanías link between Chamartín Station and Terminal 4. Now finished, this single Cercanías Line (C-1) links Madrid Barajas Terminal 4, with Chamartín Station and Atocha AVE high-speed train stations.[39] In June 2011 a decision was made to equip this link with dual gauge which will allow AVE high-speed trains to reach the airport station.[40]

The Nuevos Ministerios metro station allowed checking-in[41] right by the AZCA business area in central Madrid, but this convenience has been suspended indefinitely after the building of Terminal 4.[42]


EMT (Madrid Municipal Transport Company) runs regular public bus services between the airport and Madrid (Avenida de América station): bus 200 runs as a complete line dropping passengers at departures of terminals 1, 2 and 4 before collecting passengers in the reverse order at arrivals. The EMT public night bus service N4 (nicknamed "Buho", Owl) also services from Madrid downtown (Plaza Cibeles) to Barajas (Plaza de los Hermanos Falcó y Alvarez de Toledo, 400m from the airport through a passageway above the highway). EMT also have an express bus linking Barajas airport to Renfe's Atocha Station, the main rail station in Madrid, during day and Plaza Cibeles during night. Unlike the two services mentioned above, this line runs 24 hours of the day during all the days of the year.[43]

Airport People Mover

In early 2006, the first driverless transit system in Spain and the longest airport people mover system in Europe began transporting passengers between the new terminal (T4) and a new satellite terminal (T4S). Deploying the CITYFLO 550 automatic train control technology, the system is the only mode of transportation for passengers between the two terminals, which are spaced more than two kilometres apart.[44] Bombardier became the only contractor for the completely underground shuttle system, including the construction of the civil works, operation and maintenance of the system.

Airport parking

Long- and short-term car parking is provided at the airport with seven public parking areas. P1 is an outdoor car park located in front of the terminal building; P2 is an indoor car park with direct access to terminals T2 and T3. A Parking 'Express' facility, available for short periods only, is located at Terminal 2 and dedicated long-term parking is also available with 1,655 spaces; a free shuttle operates between the long-stay car park and all terminals. There are also VIP car parks.

Incidents and accidents

  • On 30 September 1972, Douglas C-47B EC-AQE of Spantax crashed on take-off. The aircraft was being used for training duties and the student pilot over-rotated and stalled. One of the six people on board was killed.[45]
  • On 29 July 1979, as part of a triple attack, a bomb placed by ETA political-military killed three people.[46]
  • On 27 November 1983, Avianca Flight 011 crashed while attempting to land. Flight 011 struck a series of hills, causing the plane's right wing to break off. The 747 then cartwheeled, shattering into five pieces before coming to rest upside-down. Only 11 of the 169 passengers survived there were no survivors among the 23 crew.[47]
  • On 7 December 1983, an Iberia 727 operating as Iberia Flight 350[48] collided during takeoff with Aviaco Flight 134, a DC-9[49] The Aviaco DC-9 had accidentally entered the runway as the Iberia flight was taking off.[50] Ninety-three people were killed, including 51 from the Iberia 727 and 42 from the Aviaco DC-9.
  • On 15 July 2006, the winglet of a Thai Airways International Boeing 747-400 HS-TGY operating flight TG943 from Madrid Barajas Airport in Spain to Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport cut off the tail of an Air France ERJ-145 while taxiing to the runway for take-off. No injuries were reported.[51]
  • On the morning of 30 December 2006, an explosion took place in the carpark building module D attached to Terminal 4. Authorities received a bomb threat at approximately 8:15 local time (7:15 GMT), with the caller stating that a car bomb carried with 800 kg of explosive would explode at 9:00 local time (8:00 GMT).[52] After receiving the warning, police were able to evacuate part of the airport.[53] Later, an anonymous caller stated that ETA claims responsibility for the bombing.[54] As a result of the explosion, two Ecuadorians who were sleeping in their cars died. The whole module D of the car park was levelled creating around 40,000 tonnes of debris. It took workers six days to recover the body of the second victim from the rubble.
  • On 20 August 2008, Spanair Flight 5022 which was travelling to Gran Canaria, veered off to the right and into the ground while climbing immediately after lifting off from runway 36L at 14:45 local time. The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) MD-82 with registration "EC-HFP", was carrying 172 people, including 162 passengers.[55] In the accident, 154 people were killed, two were seriously injured and 12 were slightly injured. Prime Minister Zapatero ordered three days of national mourning.[56]
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, MadridBarajas Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to assume operation of air traffic control.[57] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a "State of Alert", ordering on the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[58]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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External links

Media related to Madrid-Barajas Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Adolfo Suárez MadridBarajas Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage

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