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Thessaloniki International Airport

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Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"

""
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGovernment of Greece
OperatorFraport Greece
ServesThessaloniki
LocationMikra, Macedonia, Greece
Hub for
Elevation AMSL7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates40°3111N 22°5815E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083Coordinates: 40°3111N 22°5815E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083
WebsiteOfficial website
Maps

Map of the airport
SKG
Location of the airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,440 8,005 Asphalt
16/34 2,410 7,907 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers6,689,193
Passenger traffic change 7.1%
Aircraft movements55,307
Aircraft movements change 3.1%
Sources: Greek AIP at Eurocontrol[1]
Statistics: Fraport Greece[2]
1 Official airfield data at the Air Traffic Safety Electronic Engineers Association of Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority website lists no official website for the airport.

Thessaloniki Airport (IATA: SKG, ICAO: LGTS), officially Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"[3] (Greek: "", romanizedKratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía")[4] and formerly Mikra Airport, is an international airport serving Thessaloniki, the second-largest city in Greece. It is located 13 km (8.1 mi) southeast of the city, in Thermi.[1]

The airport is the third-largest airport in the country after Athens International Airport and Heraklion International Airport. It opened in 1930 and was the second-busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third-busiest in terms of passengers served in 2016, with over 6 million passengers. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and apart from the city of Thessaloniki it also serves the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of Central Macedonia. The AthensThessaloniki route is the tenth busiest in the EU with 1.8 million passengers.[5] To cope with demand, a second terminal is currently under construction as part of a billion-euro investment by Fraport Greece, the company which operates the airport.[6][7]

History

The airport was first established as an airfield during the First World War, as part of the allied war effort on the Macedonian Front.[8] There were numerous airfields at the time, including Little Mikra, Big Mikra (which became the current international airport), and the major military airfield of Sedes.[8] The first international flight to Thessaloniki landed at the Little Mikra air field, and government efforts at encouraging the growth of civil aviation saw the start of construction of a purpose-built civilian airport at the present location in 1938.[8] Works were temporarily abandoned due to the Second World War and the airport opened to civilian traffic in 1948.[8]

Major works were undertaken after the war. The accession of Greece to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation saw NATO-funded investments such as the expansion of the 10/28 runway to 2,440 metres (8,010 ft) and the inauguration of a new terminal building in 1965.[8] Damage to the tower caused by the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake meant it needed to be torn down, and a new tower, still in operation, was built.[8] Modernisation works were undertaken in the late 1990s, as part of the celebrations for Thessaloniki being European Capital of Culture in 1997.[8] In 1993 the airport took the name Makedonia (Greek: , Macedonia).[8]

Years of government mismanagement and lack of investment saw the operational aspect of the airport privatised in 2015. Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture and the state privatisation fund agreed to the privatisation of the airport operations, and 13 other Greek airports, in December 2015.[9] Fraport Greece will operate the airport for 40 years starting on 11 April 2017.[10] It pledged to invest 400 million ($471.92 million) on the various airports, including a refurbishment of the existing terminal at Thessaloniki as well as the construction of a second terminal.[11] Construction on the new terminal began on 19 September 2018.[6] Fraport expects passenger traffic to increase by 48% by 2026 as a result of its investment.[8]

Facilities

Terminal

The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The second floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores and various airlines' offices. The third floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways. There are two passenger lounges. An additional terminal is to be opened in 2021.[12]

Runways and apron

The airport has two runways (10/28 and 16/34) and two taxiways. There are 22 stands for narrow-body aircraft and about 20 for light aircraft.

A modernisation and expansion project for runway 10/28 began in 2005, with an initial completion date of 2011, but has since been delayed[12] and was finally completed in March 2019.[13] Modernisation projects on the tarmac and other runway are expected to be completed in 2019.[12] The runway is expected to enter service in the Fall of 2019.[13] Overall, the project took almost a quarter century to build, from inception in 1997, and it has an estimated cost of 179 million ($211 million).[14] The runway will be extended by 1000 meters into the sea, with a total length of 3440 meters and will be equipped with ILS.[13] When the runway opens for commercial use it will be able to accommodate 89.6% of current commercial aircraft types, as opposed to just 22.6% before the extension,[14] and will improve safety while landing in bad weather conditions and low visibility.[13]




Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Chania, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Heraklion, Larnaca, MoscowDomodedovo, Munich, Mytilene, Rhodes, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Hannover, Mykonos, Nuremberg, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Santorini
Seasonal charter: Katowice, Poznan, Rostov-on-Don, Yerevan
Aeroflot MoscowSheremetyevo
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Moldova Chiinu
Air Serbia Belgrade
Alitalia Seasonal: MilanLinate
Arkia Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Astra Airlines Chios, Heraklion, Ikaria, Kos, Lemnos, Mytilene, Samos,
Seasonal: Athens, Cephalonia, Mykonos, Paros, Santorini, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Tel Aviv
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Seasonal charter: Graz
Avanti Air Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk
Blue Air Larnaca
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways Seasonal: LondonGatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
CondorSeasonal: Frankfurt
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal charter: Tel AvivBen Gurion
Cyprus Airways Larnaca
easyJet BerlinSchönefeld, LondonGatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: LondonLuton, Venice
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg
Ellinair Athens, Chania, Heraklion, Mineralnye Vody, MoscowVnukovo, Rhodes, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Almaty, Bratislava, Dnipropetrovsk, Katowice, Kazan, Kharkiv, KievBoryspil, Krasnodar, Lviv, MoscowSheremetyevo, Mykonos, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Nur-Sultan-Astana, Odessa, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Santorini, Tallinn, Tbilisi, Volgograd, Voronezh, WarsawChopin, Yekaterinburg
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdask, Katowice, Pozna, WarsawChopin, Wrocaw
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Munich, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hanover
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, LondonStansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Lauda Vienna (begins 29 October 2019)[15]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal Charter: WarsawChopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Neos Seasonal: MilanMalpensa
NordStar Seasonal charter: MoscowDomodedovo
Olympic Air Chios, Kalamata, Samos
Seasonal: Kos, Paros, Skiathos
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, BerlinSchönefeld, Bologna, Bratislava, Budapest, Chania, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, LondonStansted, Malta, Manchester, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Paphos, RomeCiampino, Stockholm-Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Weeze
Seasonal: AmmanQueen Alia (begins 28 October 2019)[16], Bordeaux (begins 29 March 2020)[17], Bremen, Dublin, Girona, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Lappeenranta, Naples, WarsawModlin
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Katowice, Pozna
Scandinavian Airlines StockholmArlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen
Sky Express Chios, Corfu, Mytilene, Samos, Skyros
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Seasonal charter: Brno, Ostrava
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Gdask, Katowice, WarsawChopin, Wrocaw
Smartwings Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava
Sun D'OrSeasonal: Tel Aviv
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France ParisOrly
TUI AirwaysSeasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Manchester
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Utair Seasonal: MoscowVnukovo
Yamal Airlines Seasonal charter: Saint Petersburg
Wizz Air Budapest, Kiev-Zhuliany, Kutaisi, LondonLuton, Vienna

Statistics

Overview

Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010.[3] Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.[3]

Figures

The data taken from the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) until 2016 and from 2017 onwards from the Fraport Greece website.[18][19]

Millions of Passengers 19942018[20]
Year Passengers
Domestic International Total
1994 719,846 1,507,641 2,227,487
1995 795,085 1,541,134 2,336,219
1996 922,190 1,577,702 2,499,892
1997 1,108,736 1,688,430 2,797,166
1998 1,039,149 1,627,926 2,667,075
1999 1,328,976 1,857,745 3,186,721
2000 1,533,383 2,014,644 3,548,027
2001 1,343,366 2,087,453 3,430,819
2002 1,219,063 2,038,373 3,257,436
2003 1,446,677 2,054,245 3,500,922
2004 1,496,411 2,124,498 3,620,909
2005 1,462,505 2,208,076 3.670.581
2006 1,486,833 2,316,021 3,802,854
2007 1,644,950 2,523,019 4,167,969
2008 1,611,883 2,557,676 4,169,559
2009 1,713,890 2,390,305 4,104,195
2010 1,682,071 2,228,680 3,910,751
2011 1,487,972 2,470,503 3,958,475
2012 1,449,116 2,557,088 4,006,204
2013 1,409,608 2,629,968 4,039,576
2014 1,892,018 3,058,708 4,950,726
2015 2,314,773 3,026,520 5,341,293
2016 2,423,095 3,312,486 5,735,581
2017 2,352,838 3,894,676 6,247,514
2018 2,333,505 4,355,688 6,689,193
2019 (Jan-Jul) 1,268,933 2,580,876 3,849,820


Year Flights
Domestic International Total
2010 23,276 21,662 44,938
2011 20,585 22,845 43,430
2012 20,265 22,741 43,006
2013 17,431 22,069 39,500
2014 19,675 26,225 45,900
2015 22,007 25,333 47,340
2016 22,120 26,590 48,710
2017 23,608 31,323 54,931
2018 21,764 33,543 55,307
2019 (Jan-Jul) 12,326 19,466 31,792
Traffic by country (2018)
Traffic by country Thessaloniki Airport[21]
Place Country Arriving Pax Departing Pax Total Pax
1 Greece 2,333,505
2 Germany 736.030 752.121 1.488.151
3 Great Britain 222.933 221.351 444.284
4 Cyprus 215.467 217.387 432.854
5 Russia 167.997 169.679 337.676
6 Italy 116.923 118.281 235.204
7 Netherlands 80.873 82.977 163.850
8 Turkey 66.043 65.882 131.925
9 Israel 61.110 63.122 124.232
10 Poland 58.870 59.663 118.533
Busiest routes
Busiest routes from Thessaloniki Airport
Rank Destination Airport Monthly one-way
capacity 2016
Airline(s)
1 Athens ATH 65,298 Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair
2 Munich MUC 16,678 Aegean Airlines
3 Stuttgart STR 11,490 Aegean Airlines, Germanwings
4 Berlin SXF 10,710 easyJet, Ryanair
5 Larnaca LCA 9,826 Aegean Airlines, Blue Air, Cobalt Air, Ellinair
6 Heraklion HER 9,798 Astra Airlines, Ellinair, Olympic Air
7 Istanbul IST 9,060 Turkish Airlines
8 Paphos PFO 8,883 Ryanair
9 Düsseldorf DUS 8,859 Aegean Airlines, Eurowings, Astra Airlines
10 Chania CHQ 8,802 Olympic Air, Ryanair, Aegean Airlines
11 Frankfurt FRA 8,406 Aegean Airlines, Astra Airlines, Condor, Ellinair
12 London LGW 8,304 easyJet, British Airways
Top Airlines
Monthly one-way capacity for 2016[22]
Rank Airline Passengers Change
1 Aegean Airlines 105,348 8.8%
2 Ryanair 75,789 9.3%
3 Easyjet 15,888 1.8%
4 Ellinair 15,408 51%
5 Germanwings 11,760 13.5%
6 Air Berlin 10,578 51%
7 Olympic Air (NEW) 10,062 N/A
8 Turkish Airlines 9,060 4.9%
9 Air Serbia 5,820 2.1%
10 Transavia 5,670 0.7%
11 Astra Airlines 5,284 54.3%
12 Austrian Airlines 5,220 26.3%

Transport

OASTH Bus 01X
KTELMakedonia Airport
0:00
Thessaloniki Bus Station (KTEL)
0:04
Balta
0:07
Zografou
New Railway Station
(N. Sid. Stathmos )
0:10
Kolomvou
0:12
Aristotelous Square
0:16
Kamara
0:19
Agia Fotini/University of Macedonia
University of Macedonia
(Panepistimio )
0:22
Dimarhiako Megaro
0:23
Faliro
0:24
Laografiko Mousio
0:26
Megaro Mousikis/25 Martiou
25 Martiou
0:28
Periferiaki Enotita Thessalonikis
0:31
Krikela
0:35
Agora
0:44
Astinomia
0:46
Makedonia Airport Departures
0:49
Makedonia Airport Arrivals
Car and car rental

The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25, which connects Thessaloniki with Chalkidiki, via the 67. The Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road offers access to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways, making transportation to and from Thessaloniki Airport relatively easy. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building. A car rental service is available at the terminal building.[23]

Metro

There are plans to connect the airport with the Thessaloniki Metro network, which is set to open in phases between 2020 and 2021. Attiko Metro, the company overseeing the project, has published a map of proposed extensions, and it includes an overground extension of Line 2 towards the airport.[24] This extension not an immediate concern for the company, however, since the terminus of Line 2, Mikra, will be connected with the airport by a 10-minute shuttle bus.[25] Detailed planning of the metro extension toward the airport was initiated in March 2019.[26]

Public bus

The airport is served on a 24-hour basis by bus 01X/01N of the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH), which provides bus services between the Thessaloniki Bus Station (KTEL) and Makedonia airport arrivals/departures.[27] The journey between KTEL and the airport is 49 minutes.[27] As of February 2019, a single bus fare costs 2, or 1 with a discount.[28]

Taxi

A metered taxi service is available outside the airport terminal building 24-hours. The journey between the Airport and the centre of Thessaloniki is about 30 minutes, depending on traffic. The fare to the city centre is fixed at 20. There is an 8 surcharge for trips ending between midnight and 5 am. Luggage charges are waived.

Accidents and incidents
  • On 12 August 1997, Olympic Airways Flight 171, a Boeing 727-230 registered as SX-CBI inbound from Athens Ellinikon Airport, touched down late and was steered off the runway to avoid overrunning into the sea. None of the 35 passengers and crew were killed, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[29]
  • On 17 December 1997, Aerosvit Flight 241, a Yakovlev Yak-42, operating the route from Odessa, Ukraine to Thessaloniki, lost contact with the airport's air traffic control and during the second attempt the aircraft crashed in the Pierian Mountains, near Mount Olympus. A total of 70 people, passengers and crew, 41 of which were Greeks, were killed.
  • On 4 July 2000, HA-LCR, a chartered Malév Flight 262 Tupolev Tu-154 landed on its belly. The crew had forgotten to lower the undercarriage and the plane skidded 400 m (1,300 ft) on the runway. Thanks to the plane's robust construction and the engines' high position, the plane was able to become airborne again as the pilots applied full throttle. It circled while the crew lowered the undercarriage and landed safely. There were no injuries. It was considered uneconomical to repair the aircraft. The aircraft still remains on site,[30] although airline markings have been obscured and it has been heavily depleted of re-usable spares.
  • On 15 June 2013, an AMC Airlines Boeing 737-800 on behalf of Astra Airlines Greece, registration SU-BPZ performing flight A2-921 from Novosibirsk (Russia) to Thessaloniki (Greece) with 160 passengers, landed on Thessaloniki's runway 16 at about 07:14L (04:14Z) but overran the end of the runway by about 110 meters/360 feet and came to a stop with all gear on soft ground. No injuries occurred, the aircraft received minor if any damage.[31]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport Air Traffic statistics". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  4. ^ " "" ()". Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. ^ "International intra-EU air passenger transport by reporting country and EU partner country". www.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b Zois, Fanis (19 September 2018). " """ [Foundation works begin on the new terminal of Makedonia airport]. www.naftemporiki.gr (in Greek). Naftemporiki. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Thessaloniki". www.fraport-greece.com. Fraport Greece. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i , (19 October 2016). " SKG. " [From Mikra to SKG: From the yesterday to the tomorrow of Thessaloniki airport]. www.parallaximag.gr (in Greek). Parallaxi Magazine. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Greece signs privatization of 14 regional airports with Germany's Fraport - TornosNews.gr". www.tornosnews.gr.
  10. ^ "The Company". www.fraport-greece.com. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  11. ^ "The Future of the "MAKEDONIA" airport". www.skg-airport.gr. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  12. ^ a b c " : 2019 "" " [Makedonia Airport: the operation of the new "transcontinental" runway is being pushed back to 2019]. www.ypodomes.gr. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d " "" 10-28 - ypodomes.com". www.ypodomes.com (in Greek). Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b , (16 April 2018). "«»: 21 10-28 " ["Makedonia": 21-year Odyssey for runway 10-28 When it finishes]. www.voria.gr. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  15. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283487/laudamotion-expands-vienna-network-in-w19/
  16. ^ https://corporate.ryanair.com/news/ryanair-launches-4-new-jordan-routes-for-winter-2019/
  17. ^ https://www.aviation24.be/airlines/ryanair/ryanair-opens-new-bordeaux-base-with-37-routes-in-summer-2019/
  18. ^ "Traffic" (PDF). www.skg-airport.gr. 2018.
  19. ^ "Air Traffic statistics - Thessaloniki Airport (SKG)". www.skg-airport.gr.
  20. ^ "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". www.ypa.gr. Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Air Traffic statistics - Thessaloniki Airport (SKG)". www.skg-airport.gr.
  22. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport traffic up 8.1%". www.anna.aero. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Car Rental". www.skg-airport.gr. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  24. ^ Attiko Metro A.E. "" [History]. www.ametro.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  25. ^ " o " [Giannis Mylopoulos' interview about the Thessaloniki Metro]. www.ypodomes.gr. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  26. ^ " «»" [Topographical studies for the extension of the Thessaloniki Metro to the "Makedonia" Airport] (PDF) (in Greek). Attiko Metro. 18 March 2019. Archived from the original (pdf) on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  27. ^ a b " 01X: ....-" [Information on Line 01X: KTELAirport]. www.oasth.gr (in Greek). Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  28. ^ "" [Fares]. www.oasth.gr (in Greek). Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  29. ^ "Accident description Olympic Airways SX-CBI". www.aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  30. ^ "Photos: Tupolev Tu-154B-2 aircraft". www.airliners.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  31. ^ "Incident: AMC B738 at Thessaloniki on Jun 15th 2013, overran runway on landing". avherald.com.

External links

Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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