Aeroporto di Milano-Malpensa
"Cittŕ di Milano"
|Operator||SEA Aeroporti di Milano|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||1,000 ft / 304.8 m|
MilanMalpensa Airport (IATA: MXP, ICAO: LIMC), formerly City of Busto Arsizio Airport, is the largest international airport for the Milan metropolitan area in northern Italy. It serves 15 million inhabitants in Lombardy, Piedmont and Liguria. The airport is located 49 kilometres (30 mi) northwest of central Milan, next to the Ticino river (dividing Lombardy and Piedmont). The airport has two terminals and two runways as well as a dedicated cargo terminal.
In 2016, Malpensa Airport handled 19,320,546 passengers and was the 29th busiest airport in Europe in terms of passengers. Until 2008, Malpensa Airport was a major hub for flag carrier Alitalia. Malpensa Airport remains the second busiest Italian airport for international passenger traffic (after Rome Fiumicino Airport), and first busiest for freight and cargo. It handles over 500,000 tons of international freight annually.
The first industrial airport was opened in 1909 near the Cascina Malpensa, an old farm, by Giovanni Agusta and Gianni Caproni to test their aircraft prototypes. This airport was then opened for civil operation in 1948 during the war reconstruction period, in order to serve the northern area of Milan.
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The site of today's Malpensa Airport has seen aviation activities for more than 100 years. The first began on 27 May 1910, when the Caproni brothers flew their "flying machine", the Cal biplane. In the years that followed, many aircraft prototypes took off from the same site; eventually, it was decided to upgrade the farming patch to a more formal airfield. Both Gianni Caproni and Giovanni Agusta established factories on the new site; the airfield soon developed into the largest aircraft production centre in Italy.
During the 1920s and 1930s, the airfield hosted two squadrons of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana (Italian Air Force). In September 1943, Malpensa airfield was taken over by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe when northern Italy was invaded by Adolf Hitler. Soon after their arrival, the Germans laid the airfield's first concrete runway.
After the cessation of hostilities during the Second World War, manufacturers and politicians of the Milan and Varese regions, led by banker Benigno Ajroldi of Banca Alto Milanese, restored the airfield. They aimed to making it an industrial fulcrum for post-war recovery of Italy. The main runway, heavily damaged by German troops as they retreated from northern Italy, was rebuilt and extended to 1,800 metres. A small wooden terminal was constructed to protect goods and passengers from all weather conditions.
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Malpensa Airport officially commenced commercial operations on 21 November 1948 as Aeroporto Cittŕ di Busto Arsizio, although the Belgian national flag-carrier Sabena had started flying to Brussels from here a year earlier. On 2 February 1950 Trans World Airlines (TWA) became the first company to fly long-haul flights from Malpensa, using Lockheed Constellations on their services to New York Idlewild Airport.
A change of ownership occurred in 1952 when the Municipality of Milan took control of the airport's operator, the Societŕ Aeroporto di Busto Arsizio. The operator's name was subsequently changed to Societŕ Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA). After assuming full control, SEA decided to develop Malpensa as an international and intercontinental gateway, whereas Milan's other airport, Linate Airport, would be tasked with handling domestic services only.
Between 1958 and 1962 a new terminal arrived at Malpensa and the airport's two parallel runways were extended to 3,915 m (12,844 ft), becoming the longest in Europe at that time. By the early 1960s, however, major European carriers such as British Airways, Air France, Lufthansa and Alitalia had moved the majority of their services to Linate Airport, which was just 11 km east of Milan's city centre, making it much easier for passengers to reach central Milan. This left Malpensa with just a handful of intercontinental links, charter flights and cargo operations. Malpensa suffered a decline in commercial traffic, with passenger numbers dropping from 525,000 in 1960 to just 331,000 by 1965. It was destined to play second fiddle to Linate Airport for another 20 years.
By the mid-1980s Linate Airport was handling seven million passengers per year and, with only a short single runway and limited parking slots, had reached its saturation point. With no available land nearby for expansion, an alternative solution was sought: Societa Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA) quickly found that developing Malpensa was the only practical alternative.
By the end of 1985, a law had been passed by the Italian Parliament that paved the way for the reorganisation of the Milan airport system. Malpensa was designated as the centre for all services covering northern Italy, while Linate Airport was downgraded to a domestic and short-haul facility. "Malpensa 2000", as the plan was called, included the construction of a new terminal as well as the development of fast, efficient connections to Milan's city centre. The European Union recognised this project as one of the 14 "Essential to the Development of the Union" and provided 200 million to help finance the work. Construction started in November 1990; Malpensa airport was re-opened eight years later.
During the night of 24/25 October 1998 Alitalia moved the majority of its fleet from Rome Fiumicino Airport where it had been flying from for over 50 years to Malpensa Airport. The airport started a new lease of life as the Italian flag-carrier's main hub. Alitalia added up to 488 movements and 42,000 passengers a day at the facility which, by the end of 1998, had handled 5.92 million passengers (an increase of more than two million over the previous year's figure).
In 1999 it recorded a spectacular leap to 16.97 million and, by 2007, passenger numbers had reached 23.9 million. Efficient rail links from two different stations in Milan (Centrale and Cadorna stations) ensured easy access by railway, whereas the nearby A8 motorway had an extra lane added in each direction to help speed up traffic into and out of the city centre.
Before 2001, ground handling services at Malpensa were shared by the SEA (airport's operator) and Trans-World Airlines. Since then, the contracting process has gradually been deregulated. In 2000, airport security services at Malpensa were transferred from the Polizia di Stato (State Police) to SEA's internal division, SEA Airport Security. Up to 2002, SEA was assisted by IVRI in providing security services, but the contract was not renewed after its expiry. Nevertheless, SEA Airport Security is supervised by the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Military Customs Police) and Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority), whereas the Carabinieri (Italian Military Police) supervises ramp entrance.
Ramp services are provided by SEA Handling, ATA and, more recently, Aviapartner. SEA Handling provided 80% of the ramp services at Malpensa Airport due to its major customer, Alitalia. In May 2006, however, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority took off the limitation of two ramp handlers.
In 2008, a new development plan was launched by Societa Esercizi Aeroportuali SpA (SEA), valued at 1.4 billion, to include a third pier for Terminal 1 and the construction of a third runway. In a surprise move, however, Alitalia announced its decision to revert its main hub back to Rome Fiumicino Airport due to 'high operating costs' at Malpensa Airport. Alitalia did not pull out of Malpensa altogether, and continues to fly several domestic and European services from Milan and two intercontinental flights (to New York City and Tokyo). However Malpensa lost around 20% of its daily movements, a decrease from 700 to 550, which resulted in only 19.2 million passengers passing through in 2008. The airport continued to suffer during 2009, when the international financial crisis and higher fuel prices caused a reduction to only 17.6 million passengers that year.
Responding to Alitalia's pullout, the operator SEA launched an all-out publicity programme and aggressively marketed Malpensa Airport around the world. This campaign was successful: from 2008 to 2011, a total of 34 new passenger and cargo routes were added to Malpensa's network.
Lufthansa announced plans in 2008 to create its first hub outside Germany and its fourth European hub at Malpensa. In October 2008, Lufthansa set up its Italian division, Lufthansa Italia. Operations commenced on 2 February 2009, but ceased on 30 October 2011 as Lufthansa abandoned plans to create a hub at Malpensa.
The low-cost carrier EasyJet has made Malpensa its most important base after London Gatwick, with 21 of its Airbus A319s based here. The airline currently flies services from Malpensa to 67 destinations in Italy and across Europe. Competitor Ryanair confirmed plans to open an operating base at Malpensa from December 2015, initially with one aircraft.
In 2014 a contract was awarded for extension of the railway line from Terminal 1 to Terminal 2. The line was opened in December 2016. The new Malpensa Terminal 2 railway station is within 200 m north of the T2 arrivals hall, that is accessed by an outdoor covered walkway.
Malpensa Airport has two passenger terminals and they are connected by airport shuttle buses.
Terminal 1, which opened in 1998, is the newer, larger and more prominent terminal. The terminal is divided into three sections and handles most passengers on scheduled as well as charter flights:
The only public transport available are ATM (Transport for Milan) local buses or shuttle buses operated by Terravision, Autostradale and Malpensa Shuttle. Malpensa Airport additionally provides a free shuttle service to connect Terminal 2 to Terminal 1. A new railway station at Terminal 2 was opened in December 2016.
The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Malpensa:
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
operated by Rossiya
|Air Algérie||Algiers, Annaba||1B|
|Air Canada||Seasonal: TorontoPearson||1C|
|Air China||BeijingCapital, ShanghaiPudong||1B|
Seasonal charter: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||1A|
|Air Nostrum||Seasonal charter: Karpathos, Palma de Mallorca (all begin 21 July 2017)||1B|
Seasonal charter: Brindisi (resumes 4 June 2017), Cagliari (begins 11 June 2017), Lamezia Terme, Olbia (begins 3 June 2017)
|AlbaStar||Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kos, Lanzarote, Lourdes, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Samos, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki (resumes 11 June 2017)||1A|
|Alitalia||Abu Dhabi, New YorkJFK, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal charter: Hamburg, Pointe-ŕ-Pitre, RomeFiumicino (resumes 13 May 2017), Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 5 August 2017)
|American Airlines||Miami, New YorkJFK||1C|
operated by Blue Panorama Airlines
|Blue Panorama Airlines||Cancún, Cayo Largo, Havana, Holguín, Montego Bay
Seasonal: Cayo Coco, La Romana, Mérida, Santa Clara, Varadero
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong||1C|
|Croatia Airlines||Seasonal: Zagreb||1B|
|Darwin Airline||Charter: Geneva ||1A|
|Delta Air Lines||New YorkJFK
|Eastern Airways||Seasonal charter: Rodez (begins 7 July 2017)||1A|
|easyJet||Amsterdam, Athens (ends 27 October 2017), Barcelona, Bari, BerlinSchönefeld, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Granada, Hamburg (ends 28 October 2017), Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lille (ends 27 October 2017), Lisbon, LondonGatwick, LondonLuton, Luxembourg, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Olbia, Palermo, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Prague, RomeFiumicino (ends 27 October 2017), Santiago de Compostela, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, TenerifeSouth, Toulouse
Seasonal: Alghero, Alicante, Bilbao, Cephalonia, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Malta, Minorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar (begins 27 June 2017), Zakynthos
|El Al||Tel AvivBen Gurion||1B|
|Emirates||Dubai-International, New YorkJFK||1C|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa||1B|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||1C|
|Eurowings||Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg||1A|
operated by Germanwings
|Flybe||Birmingham, Cardiff, Hannover, Manchester, Southampton||1B|
operated by Stobart Air
|Iran Air||TehranImam Khomeini||1B|
|Israir Airlines||Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion||1B|
|LATAM Brasil||Săo PauloGuarulhos||1C|
|LOT Polish Airlines||WarsawChopin||1A|
operated by Air Dolomiti
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Mahan Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini||1B|
|Meridiana||Accra, Cairo, Dakar, Fortaleza, Fuerteventura, Havana, Lagos, La Romana, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Naples, Nosy Be, Sharm el-Sheikh, TenerifeSouth, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Brindisi (resumes 18 June 2017), Cagliari, Ibiza, Lamezia Terme, Lampedusa, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Recife, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos
Seasonal charter: Antigua, Cayo Coco, Fort-de-France, RostockLaage
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut||1B|
|Neos||Seasonal: Antigua, Boa Vista, Brindisi, Cagliari, Camaguey, Cancún, Catania, Cayo Largo, Colombo, Freeport, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Havana, Heraklion, Holguín, Ibiza, Jinan (begins 19 May 2017), Karpathos, Kos, La Romana, Lamezia Terme, Lampedusa, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Mauritius, Minorca, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Mykonos, Nanjing (begins 3 May 2017), Nosy Be, Palma de Mallorca, Porto Santo, Rhodes, Sal, Salalah, Samaná, Santa Clara, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shenyang (begins 11 May 2017), Skiathos, TenerifeSouth, Thessaloniki (begins 5 June 2017), Tianjin (begins 8 May 2017), Varadero, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum, Luxor, Pointe-ŕ-Pitre, Rostock, Stockholm Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||OsloGardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 5 June 2017)||1A|
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Lahore||1B|
|Pegasus Airlines||IstanbulSabiha Gökçen||1C|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||1B|
|Ryanair||Alicante (begins 30 October 2017), Brussels, Bucharest, Catania, Comiso, Eindhoven (begins 29 October 2017), Gran Canaria, Katowice (begins 29 October 2017), Lamezia Terme (begins 29 October 2017), Liverpool (begins 31 October 2017), LondonStansted, Palermo (begins 29 October 2017), Porto, Seville, Sofia, Valencia (begins 29 October 2017)||1A, 1B|
Seasonal: OsloGardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
|Small Planet Airlines||Seasonal charter: Rovaniemi||1A|
|Sun Express||Seasonal: zmir||1B|
|Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
|TUI fly Belgium||Seasonal: Casablanca||1B|
Seasonal: Djerba, Monastir
|Turkish Airlines||IstanbulAtatürk, IstanbulSabiha Gökçen||1C|
|Twin Jet||Marseille, Nice, Toulouse||1A|
|Ukraine International Airlines||KievBoryspil||1B|
|Vueling||Amsterdam, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, ParisOrly
Seasonal: Alicante, Bilbao, Ibiza, Menorca (begins 27 May 2017), Palma de Mallorca (begins 22 July 2017), Valencia
|Wizz Air||Budapest, Kutaisi, Podgorica, Sibiu||1A, 1B|
|WOW air||Seasonal: ReykjavíkKeflavík||1A|
|AeroLogic||Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle|
|AirBridgeCargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Maastricht/Aachen, MoscowDomodedovo, MoscowSheremetyevo|
|Asiana Cargo||LondonStansted, SeoulIncheon, Vienna|
|Atlas Air||Amsterdam, San Juan|
|Cargolux||Campinas, Chicago, LondonStansted, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen, New YorkJFK, TaipeiTaoyuan|
|Cargolux Italia||Almaty, Baku, CuritibaAfonso Pena, Dallas/Fort Worth, DubaiInternational, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Mexico City, New YorkJFK, Novosibirsk, OsakaKansai, Zhengzhou|
|Cathay Pacific||Delhi, Hong Kong, LondonHeathrow, Manchester, Mumbai|
|DHL Aviation||LondonHeathrow, LondonLuton, LondonStansted, Madrid|
operated by EAT Leipzig
|Bucharest, LondonHeathrow, Leipzig/Halle, East Midlands|
|EgyptAir Cargo||Cairo, Ostend|
|Emirates SkyCargo||DubaiAl Maktoum|
|Ethiopian Airlines Cargo||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Bogotá, MoscowDomodedovo, San Juan|
|FedEx Express||Ancona, Dubai, Guangzhou, Memphis, Munich, Newark, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Pisa, ShanghaiPudong, Venice|
|Korean Air Cargo||Navoi, SeoulIncheon, Tel AvivBen Gurion, Vienna, Zaragoza|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Cairo, Frankfurt|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Hahn, TokyoNarita|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||ChicagoO'Hare, Doha, LondonStansted, Tripoli|
|Royal Air Maroc||Brussels, Casablanca|
|Saudia Cargo||Brussels, Damman, Jeddah, Riyadh|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Algiers, IstanbulAtatürk|
|1||1||Catania, Sicily||491.998||Albastar, easyJet, Meridiana, Mistral Air, Neos Air, Ryanair|
|2||1||Naples, Campania||349,972||easyJet, Meridiana|
|3||1||Palermo, Sicily||315,987||Albastar, easyJet|
|4||1||Rome, Lazio||291.701||Alitalia, easyJet|
|5||Olbia, Sardinia||279,453||easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air|
|6||Lamezia Terme, Calabria||263,135||Albastar, easyJet, Neos Air|
|8||1||Brindisi, Apulia||153,083||AirBaltic, easyJet, Neos Air|
|9||1||Cagliari, Sardinia||136,324||easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air|
|11||1||Alghero, Sardinia||< 100.000||Easyjet|
|1||Barcelona, Spain||686,128||easyJet, Vueling|
|2||1||Madrid, Spain||601,979||Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia|
|3||1||London-Gatwick, United Kingdom||554,189||easyJet|
|4||2||Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France||548,130||easyJet|
|5||1||Amsterdam, Netherlands||463,242||easyJet, Vueling|
|6||1||Munich, Germany||422,794||Lufthansa, AirDolomiti, Easyjet|
|7||Lisbon, Portugal||392,263||easyJet, TAP Portugal|
|8||Copenhagen, Denmark||359,541||easyJet, Scandinavian Airlines|
|9||Frankfurt am Main, Germany||316,398||Lufthansa|
|10||2||Athens, Greece||280,866||Aegean Airlines, easyJet|
|11||Prague, Czech Republic||279,616||Czech Airlines, easyJet|
|12||2||Brussels, Belgium||268,007||Brussels Airlines, easyJet, Ryanair|
|13||1||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||236,057||British Airways|
|14||100||London-Stansted, United Kingdom||234,617||Ryanair|
|15||2||Ibiza, Spain||213,375||Air Europa, Albastar, easyJet, Meridiana, Neos Air, Vueling|
|17||4||Zürich, Switzerland||209,279||Swiss International Air Lines|
|18||3||Vienna, Austria||205,898||Austrian Airlines|
|19||1||Hamburg, Germany||191,139||easyJet, Germanwings|
|24||1||Málaga, Spain||148,607||easyJet, Neos Air, Vueling|
|26||2||Stuttgart Germany||139,663||easyJet, Germanwings|
|27||20||Manchester, United Kingdom||137,046||easyJet, FlyBe|
|28||3||Luxembourg, Luxembourg||129,773||easyJet, Luxair|
|29||3||Warsaw, Poland||121,364||LOT Polish Airlines|
|32||Birmingham, United Kingdom||104,462||FlyBe|
|33||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||101,886||Air Europa, Albastar, easyJet, Neos Air, Vueling|
|1||New York-John F. Kennedy, New York, United States||689,995||Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates|
|2||Dubai-International, United Arab Emirates||587,576||Emirates|
|3||1||Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia||343,358||Aeroflot, Alitalia|
|4||1||Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey||342,856||Turkish Airlines|
|5||Doha, Qatar||313,465||Qatar Airways|
|6||Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates||260,695||Alitalia, Etihad Airways|
|7||Tel Aviv, Israel||247,390||easyJet, El Al, Meridiana, Neos Air|
|8||2||Tirana, Albania||209,508||Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines|
|9||1||Hong Kong, SAR||170,536||Cathay Pacific|
|10||Cairo, Egypt||162,857||Egypt Air, Meridiana|
|11||Newark, New Jersey, United States||151,022||United Airlines|
|12||4||Muscat, Oman||137,635||Oman Air|
|14||1||Shanghai, China||129,703||Air China|
|15||7||Casablanca, Morocco||127,628||Royal Air Maroc|
|16||Santiago de Chile, Chile||122,898||LAN Airlines|
|18||8||Istanbul, Turkey||108,378||Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|19||1||Miami, Florida, United States||111,585||American Airlines|
|20||1||Singapore, Singapore||104,799||Singapore Airlines|
Malpensa Express trains run from Malpensa Aeroporto T1 railway station, located at Terminal 1, and from Malpensa Areoporto T2 railway station, located at Terminal 2, to Milan Cadorna station in the southwest of central Milan. A train leaves every 30 minutes in each direction. At Milan Cadorna, there are connections with Milan Metro lines M1 and M2, the Milan suburban railway service and other destinations. Journey time is 29 minutes (non-stop) or 34 minutes (stopping). Stopping services call at Busto Arsizio FNM, Saronno Centrale (connections for Varese and Como) and Milan Bovisa (connection with suburban services).
Since 13 December 2010, the Malpensa Express has also run to Milan Central station, connecting there with Milan Metro lines M2 and M3 and various rail services. A train leaves every 30 minutes in each direction (or hourly during early mornings or late evenings). Journey times are 46 minutes (semi-fast) and 53 minutes (stopping). All services call at Milan Porta Garibaldi (connections with Milan Metro lines M2 and M5) and Saronno Centrale, with stopping services also calling at Busto Arsizio FNM station.
From December 2016, Malpensa Express is expected to extend to Terminal 2 when a new railway station opens.
Other train services
Two daily high-speed (Alta Velocitŕ) services connect Malpensa Aeroporto to Florence/Firenze via Milan Central, Bologna Central and Florence Santa Maria Novella stations. One of the high-speed trains continues to Naples/Napoli via Rome Termini. As of October 2012, the service was terminated.
Milan's Suburban Line S10 (Milano RogoredoMilano Bovisa) runs to Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto from June 2010 onwards. Trains call at: Ferno, Busto Arsizio, Castellanza, Rescaldina, Saronno Centrale, Milano Bovisa, Milano Lancetti, Milano Porta Garibaldi M2-M5, Milano Repubblica M3, Milano Porta Venezia M1, Milano Dateo and Milano Porta Vittoria. As of October 2012, the service is now terminated.
Future train connections
The Malpensa Varese Mendrisio (CH) Lugano (CH) line is currently under construction and scheduled to be completed in 2016, providing a direct connection between Malpensa Airport/Aeroporto and the south-eastern part of Switzerland. There are plans to connect Gallarate Station and Milan's Centrale Station (FS), which is currently a terminus station with no through tracks, so as to allow more convenient access to high-speed international lines.
Malpensa Airport is accessible by a four-lane motorway to the A8 (connecting Switzerland to Milan) and by a five-lane motorway to the A4 (connecting Turin/Torino, Verona, Venice and Triest/Trieste). Local access to the airport is provided by the State Road SS336 from Gallarate and by the State Road SS336dir from Magenta.
Official taxis in Milan are white and are equipped with taximeter, showing the total price for the journey (the price is for the vehicle, not for people) calculated with official fares approved by local government authorities. The only exception is the journey from city to airport and return.