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Airport Las Vegas (USA) - McCarran

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McCarran International Airport
Aerial view of the airport in 2012
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Clark County
Operator Clark County Department of Aviation
Serves Las Vegas Valley
Location Paradise, Nevada, United States
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 2,181 ft / 665 m
Coordinates 36°0448N 115°0908W / 36.08000°N 115.15222°W / 36.08000; -115.15222Coordinates: 36°0448N 115°0908W / 36.08000°N 115.15222°W / 36.08000; -115.15222
Website mccarran.com
Map
LAS
LAS
LAS
LAS
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
1L/19R 8,988 2,740 Concrete
1R/19L 9,771 2,978 Concrete
8L/26R 14,512 4,423 Concrete
8R/26L 10,525 3,208 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 48,500,194[1]
Aircraft movements 542,994[2]
Cargo tonnage 223,038,228[3]

McCarran International Airport (IATA: LAS, ICAO: KLAS, FAA LID: LAS) is the primary commercial airport serving the Las Vegas Valley, a major metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Nevada. It is in Paradise, about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Downtown Las Vegas. The airport is owned by Clark County and operated by the Clark County Department of Aviation. It is named after the late U.S. Senator Pat McCarran, a member of the Democratic Party who contributed to the development of aviation both in Las Vegas and on a national scale. LAS covers 2,800 acres (11.3 km2) of land.[4]

The airport was built in 1942 and opened to commercial flights in 1948. It has undergone significant expansion since then and has employed various innovative technologies, such as common-use facilities. The airport consists of four runways and two passenger terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Terminal 1 is composed of four concourses, namely the A, B, C, and D Gates; Terminal 3 contains the E Gates. A people mover system is in place between the post-security area of Terminal 1 and the C and D Gates, as well as between the D Gates and Terminal 3. East of the passenger terminals is the Marnell Air Cargo Center, and on the west side of the airports are facilities for fixed-base operators and helicopter companies.

McCarran received over 45,300,000 passengers in 2015, a 5.8% increase over the previous year but still below pre-recession levels. It is the 27th busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic and the 8th busiest by aircraft movements. The airport has nonstop air service to destinations in North America, Europe, and Asia. It is an operating base for Allegiant Air, as well as a crew and maintenance base for Frontier Airlines,[5] Southwest Airlines, and Spirit Airlines.

History

Origins (19201948)

Prior to McCarran Airport, the first airport to serve Las Vegas was Anderson Field, opened in November 1920[6][7] southeast of present-day Sahara Ave and Paradise Rd. Purchased by the Rockwell brothers in 1925, the airfield was renamed Rockwell Field, and Western Air Express (WAE) introduced commercial air service in April 1926.[6] When the brothers sold Rockwell Field and the new owner canceled WAE's lease, the airline had to look for another airport.[8] Local businessman P. A. Simon had built an airfield northeast of the city,[8] now known as Nellis Air Force Base, to which WAE relocated in November 1929.[9]

Despite rising traffic to Las Vegas, WAE reduced service to the city amid the Great Depression.[9] Once its financial situation improved, the airline bought the airfield and established a monopoly on flights.[10] When the city attempted to purchase the field and build a more modern terminal, WAE refused. With the advent of World War II, however, WAE was pressured to sell the airfield.[11] Nevadan Senator Pat McCarran helped obtain federal funding for the city to buy the field and construct a new terminal. He also helped establish a gunnery school by the United States Army Air Corps at the field.[12] For the senator's contributions, the airport was named McCarran Field in 1941.[13]

A third airfield, Alamo Field, was established in 1942 by aviator George Crockett south of the city of Las Vegas, at the present location of McCarran Airport.[14] As the Army sought to open a local base at the site of McCarran Field, Clark County purchased Alamo Field from Crockett in order to relocate commercial air traffic. Alamo Field became the new McCarran Field on December 19, 1948.[13][14] The opening of this new airfield broke Western Air Express' monopoly on flights to Las Vegas, allowing other airlines to serve the market.[15] Meanwhile, the Army reopened its base at the original McCarran Field in 1949 and named it Nellis Air Force Base in 1950.[16]

Early expansion (19491996)

In its first year of operation, McCarran Field served over 35,000 passengers. As Las Vegas' casino industry grew and air travel became more popular during the 1950s, passenger traffic to the airfield rose significantly, with 959,603 passengers transiting through it in 1959.[13] To cope with the increase, airport officials began planning a new passenger terminal. While the original terminal was located on Las Vegas Boulevard, the new terminal was built on Paradise Road.[17] The terminal, whose design was inspired by the TWA Flight Center in New York City,[17] opened on March 15, 1963.[13]

The airport was officially renamed McCarran International Airport in September 1968.[18] Further expansion took place between 1970 and 1974 with the construction of the A and B gates. After the airline industry was deregulated in 1978, the number of airlines serving McCarran doubled from seven to fourteen in only two years.[13] In response, the county launched an expansion plan named McCarran 2000, detailing expansion projects to be undertaken into the year 2000.[19] Expanded baggage claim facilities, an esplanade, and a parking garage were inaugurated in 1985. The C Gates and the first line of the people mover system followed in 1987.[18]

Further expansion took place during the 1990s. The Charter/International Terminal, later renamed Terminal 2, was opened in December 1991 to handle rising international traffic to Las Vegas.[18] An additional, nine-story parking garage and an underground tunnel linking the Las Vegas Beltway to the airport were constructed as well.[20][21] In June 1998, the southwest and southeast wings of the D Gates were opened.[22]

During the late 1990s, the airport focused on attracting foreign airlines.[23] In 1994, Condor Flugdienst began charter flights from Germany, launching scheduled service from Cologne and Frankfurt in 1997.[24] Northwest Airlines and Japan Airlines introduced flights from Tokyo in 1998,[25][26] and Virgin Atlantic began flying from LondonGatwick in 2000.[27]

Innovation and D Gates completion (19972011)

In 1997, the airport introduced Common Use Terminal Equipment (CUTE), becoming the first airport in the country to do so.[28] With multiple airlines serving McCarran, it became inefficient to have separate facilities for each airline.[29] CUTE allows for shared use of ticket counters and gates; an airline can overflow to inactive facilities during peak times.[29][30]

McCarran furthered its common use strategy in 2003 with the SpeedCheck system, introducing Common-Use Self-Service (CUSS) kiosks.[31] The kiosks allow passengers to check-in and print boarding passes for any one of multiple airlines. Previously, airlines had been installing their own check-in kiosks, defeating the use of CUTE and increasing congestion at the ticket counters.[28] SpeedCheck kiosks have been installed at the Las Vegas Convention Center as well.[32]

In January 2005, McCarran began offering complimentary Wi-Fi throughout its passenger terminals.[33] The service initially covered 1,700,000 square feet (160,000 m2), making it the largest free Wi-Fi zone among U.S. airports at the time.[34] The northeast wing of the D Gates opened in April 2005, along with a 160 feet (49 m) air traffic control tower at the center of the concourse.[35] The expansion had been postponed following the September 11 attacks but resumed amid high growth in passenger traffic.[36] Later in the year, the airport started a baggage-tracking system using radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags.[37] Small RFID transmitters are inserted into baggage tags to improve bag identification, thereby lowering the risk for lost or misplaced luggage. McCarran became one of the first airports worldwide to conduct RFID tagging on a large scale.[38]

On August 19, 2008, US Airways closed its night-flight hub at McCarran Airport,[39] which had been established by predecessor America West Airlines in the 1990s.[40] In order to maximize the use of its fleet,[41] US Airways had been operating two banks of flights to and from McCarran in the middle of the night.[39] The operation had made US Airways the second-busiest carrier at McCarran, providing over 100 daily round-trip flights.[39] However, amid rising oil prices and continued demand for low fares, the airline decided to close the hub.[39][42] In 2011, US Airways reduced flights to Las Vegas by an additional 40%.[43]

In September 2008, the northwest wing of the D Gates was completed.[18] This marked the completion of the concourse, which has a total of 44 gates.[44]

In May 2011, construction began on a new air traffic control tower for McCarran Airport. The tower stands 352 feet (107 m) high and replaces a shorter tower that opened in 1983.[45] However, in January 2014, it was discovered that a chemical coating to prevent the growth of a toxic fungus was added improperly.[46] The problem was corrected by the following June,[47] and the tower opened on August 28, 2016.[48] The shorter tower will be closed and demolished.[49]

Terminal 3 and later developments (2012present)

Terminal 3 opened on June 27, 2012.[50] The project was announced in January 2001 as a way to accommodate rapid growth in passenger traffic, including international traffic.[51] It came into question amid the 2008 recession and decreased tourism to Las Vegas, but the county decided to proceed with the project, anticipating eventual economic recovery and a rebound in passenger numbers.[52] Terminal 3 cost $2.4 billion to build and is one of the largest public works projects in Nevada.[50][53] It replaced Terminal 2, providing more international gates and a larger U.S. Customs and Border Protection facility.[54] With its seven domestic gates, the terminal also eases congestion at Terminal 1.[55][56]

In a $51 million project, eight domestic gates in the D Gates are being converted to seven "swing" gates, capable of receiving both domestic and international flights. The gates will be connected to the customs facility in Terminal 3 by an underground pedestrian passageway. The project was completed in June 2017.[57] In addition, a $30 million renovation of Terminal 1's ticketing and baggage claim areas is underway as of December 2016. Improvements include refurbished bathrooms, new ticket counters, and terrazzo flooring.[58]

Runways

McCarran Airport has four runways:[59]

Runway Length Width ILS Notes
1L/19R 8,988 ft
2,740 m
150 ft
46 m
1L ILS Category I, with DME
1R/19L 9,771 ft
2,978 m
150 ft
46 m
8L/26R 14,512 ft
4,423 m
150 ft
46 m
26R ILS Category I, with DME
Second longest commercial runway in North America
8R/26L 10,525 ft
3,208 m
150 ft
46 m
26L ILS Category I

All runways have been resurfaced with concrete, a more durable material than the previous asphalt. In April 2016, 8L/26R became the last runway to be resurfaced. This runway is also the longest at McCarran and typically serves one-third of the airport's annual traffic.[60] Parallel to it is runway 8R/26L, which opened in 1991.[61] On the western side of the airport are runways 1L/19R and 1R/19L. 1L/19R was originally a short runway suited for light aircraft before it was significantly widened and lengthened in 1997.[62] Between the two sets of parallel runways was runway 14/32, which has been decommissioned.[a] Runways 8L/26R and 8R/26L were previously 7L/25R and 7R/25L respectively. The runways were renumbered 8L/26R and 8R/26L in August 2017, following a geographical shift in the planet's magnetic poles by more than 3 degrees, the threshold for renumbering set by the FAA.[65][66]

The typical dry weather at McCarran allows operations under visual flying rules 99% of the time; visibility falls to marginal and instrument-only conditions less than 1% of the time. During most of the year (approximately 56% of the time), due to prevailing winds, the airport operates in Visual Configuration 1, which favors 19R and 26L for arrivals and 19L and 26R for departures. Airfield capacity in Configuration 1 is constrained by bordering military airspace, high terrain to the west of McCarran, and an uphill departure from 26R. Because of the heat, 26R is favored over 19L for departures. When the winds shift in the winter (approximately 13% of the year), the airfield adopts Visual Configuration 3, which favors 01L and 26L for arrivals and 01L and 01R for departures. Marginal flying conditions adopt the same Configuration 1/Configuration 3 split based on the prevailing winds. Under instrument flying conditions, arrivals are preferred on 26L, and departures take off from 19L and 26R.[67]

Terminals

There are two terminals at McCarran, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3, and 5 concourses with a total of 92 gates. Terminal 1 was completed in 1963, Terminal 2 was completed in 1986, and Terminal 3 was completed in 2012. Prior to the completion of Terminal 3, Terminal 2 handled international flights. After Terminal 3 was completed, Terminal 2 became redundant and it was demolished in 2016.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 opened on March 15, 1963, and was expanded between 1970 and 1974 with the current A and B Gates buildings.[13] Currently, Terminal 1 has four concourses, each of which is connected to a central pre-security area. Ticketing and baggage claim are located on Level 1 of this area. Level 2 houses the three security checkpoints, an esplanade with several retail outlets, and a USO lounge for military service members.[68] West of the pre-security area are the A Gates and the B Gates, two Y-shaped concourses with circular ends. To the south are the C Gates, which can be accessed by the Green Line of the tram system. The satellite D Gates concourse, which opened in 1998, lies to the east and contains three lounges: the Centurion lounge for American Express card holders; the Club at LAS, which is available to all passengers at a fee; and the United Club. The Blue Line of the tram system links the D Gates with the pre-security area.[69]

Terminal 3

Terminal 3 handles all international and some domestic flights to McCarran Airport. Level 0 of the terminal contains customs, baggage claim, and another USO lounge. Check-in, security, a second Club at LAS, and all gates are located on Level 2.[69][70] The terminal has a total of fourteen gates, seven of which are domestic (E8E12, E14E15) and the other seven international (E1E7).[70] Four of the international gates have two jetways each to allow for quicker handling of wide-body aircraft.

Former Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened in December 1991 as the Charter/International Terminal, serving all international flights and some domestic flights to the airport.[18] It was located at the site of two previous terminals, one for PSA Airlines and the other for American Airlines. The PSA terminal was converted to an international terminal before both terminals were demolished to make room for a single Terminal 2.[71] It had two stories and eight gates (T2-1 through T2-8), four of which could receive international flights.[72] Terminal 2 closed upon the opening of Terminal 3, and it was demolished in early 2016.[73]

Automated people mover

McCarran has three separate tram lines:

  • Green line, connecting Terminal 1 with C Gates
  • Blue line, connecting Terminal 1 with D Gates
  • Red line, connecting Terminal 3 with D Gates

Airlines and destinations

Passenger
AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aeroméxico Mexico City [74]
Aeroméxico Connect Monterrey [74]
Air Canada Rouge Calgary, MontréalTrudeau, TorontoPearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Edmonton (begins October 28, 2018)[75]
[76]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, New YorkJFK, Portland (OR), San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
[77]
Allegiant Air Albuquerque, Appleton, Austin, Belleville/St. Louis, Bellingham, Billings, Bismarck, Boise, Bozeman, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago/Rockford, Cincinnati, Des Moines, El Paso, Eugene, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fresno, Grand Forks, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Great Falls, Idaho Falls, Indianapolis, Kalispell, Knoxville, Laredo, Louisville,[78] McAllen (TX), Medford, Memphis, Minot, Missoula, Monterey, Moline/Quad Cities, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Peoria, Phoenix/Mesa, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, San Antonio, Santa Maria (CA), Shreveport, Sioux Falls, South Bend, Springfield/Branson, Stockton, Tri-Cities (WA), Tulsa, Wichita
Seasonal: Montrose
[79]
American Airlines Charlotte, ChicagoO'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New YorkJFK, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, WashingtonNational [80]
British Airways LondonHeathrow
Seasonal: LondonGatwick
[81]
California Pacific Airlines Carlsbad (begins November 15, 2018) [82]
Condor Frankfurt, Munich [83]
Contour Airlines Santa Barbara (begins October 18, 2018)[84] [85]
Copa Airlines Panama City [86]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston (resumes October 1, 2018),[87] Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New YorkJFK, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Honolulu
[88]
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Orange County, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Jose (CA) [88]
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich [89]
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn (ends October 27, 2018),[90] Munich [91]
Flair Airlines Seasonal: Edmonton (begins November 8, 2018),[92] Winnipeg (begins December 15, 2018)[92] [93]
Frontier Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Calgary, ChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Denver, Greenville/Spartanburg (begins September 8, 2018),[94] Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL),[95] Madison, Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville, Norfolk,[96] Omaha, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento,[97] Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Jose (CA), Spokane,[98][99] St. Louis, Tampa, WashingtonDulles
Seasonal: Cancún (begins December 21, 2018),[100] Fort Myers (begins November 17, 2018),[101] San Jose Del Cabo (begins December 15, 2018),[102] San Francisco
[103]
Hainan Airlines BeijingCapital [104]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu [105]
Interjet Guadalajara, Mexico City,[106] Monterrey [107]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Long Beach, New YorkJFK [108]
JetSuiteX Charter: Burbank, Concord (CA), Oakland, San Jose (CA), Orange County [109]
Korean Air SeoulIncheon [110]
LATAM Brasil Seasonal: São PauloGuarulhos[111] [112]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen (ends October 28, 2018),[113] LondonGatwick, OsloGardermoen (ends October 28, 2018),[113] StockholmArlanda (ends October 28, 2018)[114] [115]
Omni Air International Charter: Honolulu [116]
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Amarillo, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, ChicagoMidway, Cleveland, Columbus, DallasLove, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, HoustonHobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Little Rock, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Louisville, Lubbock, Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, PhoenixSky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Tulsa, Wichita
Seasonal: Albany (resumes October 3, 2018),[117] Hartford, Minneapolis/St. Paul
[118]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, ChicagoO'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, HoustonIntercontinental, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New Orleans, Oakland, Orlando,[119] Philadelphia, Pittsburgh,[120] Portland (OR), San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa [121]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth, Portland (OR) (begins November 1, 2018),[122] Santa Rosa
[123]
Swoop Abbotsford (begins October 11, 2018),[124] Edmonton (begins October 11, 2018),[124] Hamilton (ON) (begins October 26, 2018)[124] [125]
Thomas Cook Airlines Manchester (UK)
Seasonal: Glasgow (ends October 29, 2018)
[126]
United Airlines ChicagoO'Hare, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, WashingtonDulles [127]
United Express Los Angeles, San Francisco [127]
Virgin Atlantic LondonGatwick (ends March 30, 2019),[128] LondonHeathrow (begins March 31, 2019)[128]
Seasonal: Manchester (UK)
[129][130]
VivaAerobus Mexico City[131]
Seasonal: Monterrey
[132]
Volaris Guadalajara, Mexico City [133]
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, TorontoPearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Regina, Saskatoon
[134]
Cargo

The following cargo airlines serve McCarran Airport:

Statistics

Annual passenger traffic
Annual passenger traffic at McCarran Airport, 19962017
Year Passengers Change Ref.
1996 30,459,965 [137]
1997 30,315,094 0.5% [137]
1998 30,227,287 0.3% [137]
1999 33,715,129 +11.5% [137]
2000 36,865,893 +9.3% [137]
2001 35,180,960 4.6% [137]
2002 35,009,011 0.5% [138]
2003 36,265,932 +3.6% [139]
2004 41,441,531 +14.3% [140]
2005 44,267,362 +6.8% [141]
2006 46,193,329 +4.4% [142]
2007 47,728,414 +3.3% [143]
2008 44,074,707 7.7% [144]
2009 40,469,012 8.2% [145]
2010 39,757,359 1.8% [146]
2011 41,479,814 +4.3% [147]
2012 41,667,596 +0.5% [148]
2013 41,857,059 +0.5% [149]
2014 42,885,350 +2.5% [150]
2015 45,389,074 +5.8% [151]
2016 47,435,640 +4.5% [152]
2017 48,500,194 +2.2% [1]
Top airlines by international passengers
Top airlines by international passengers carried at McCarran Airport (201517)
Rank Airline Passengers (2015)[153] Passengers (2016)[154] Passengers (2017)[155]
1 WestJet 1,067,217 936,073 921,950
2 Air Canada Rouge 715,340 826,921 862,403
3 British Airways 295,137 333,734 320,580
4 Virgin Atlantic 301,701 307,205 284,183
5 Aeroméxico 297,740 282,614 200,474
6 Volaris 245,892 232,673 176,444
7 Interjet N/A 101,741 173,281
8 Thomas Cook Airlines 86,175 110,545 136,291
9 Korean Air 83,356 98,963 116,240
10 Copa Airlines 117,134 95,517 97,748
Top domestic destinations
Top domestic destinations from Las VegasMcCarran
(June 2017 May 2018)
[156]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 1,420,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United, Virgin America
2 San Francisco, California 1,050,000 Southwest, United, Virgin America
3 Denver, Colorado 985,000 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
4 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 841,000 Alaska, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
5 ChicagoO'Hare, Illinois 778,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, United
6 Atlanta, Georgia 772,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
7 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 706,000 American, Spirit
8 New YorkJFK, New York 617,000 American, Delta, JetBlue, Virgin America
9 PhoenixSky Harbor, Arizona 616,000 American, Southwest
10 San Diego, California 559,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit

Other facilities

Aircraft Watching

A small parking lot on the south side of the airport, on E. Sunset Road, between Las Vegas Blvd., and S. Eastern Ave, allows the public to watch aircraft take off, land, and listen to the aircraft radios. This is the only "official" watching area. There are several unofficial areas, mainly off the ends of the runways, however they are heavily patrolled by Las Vegas Metro Police and you will be asked to move along in short order.

Fixed-base operators

Atlantic Aviation and Signature Flight Support are the two fixed-base operators (FBOs) at the airport, providing various services to private aircraft.[157]

Helicopter terminals

Maverick Helicopters, Sundance Helicopters, and Papillon Grand Canyon Helicopters each operate their own terminal at McCarran Airport. The Maverick terminal covers 6,000 square feet (560 m2), while the Sundance terminal occupies 13,000 square feet (1,200 m2). The Papillon terminal was established in 1997.[158] The companies provide helicopter tours over the Las Vegas Strip, Grand Canyon, and other tourist attractions.[159][160]

Janet terminal

Janet flights depart from a private terminal located on the west side of the airport. The airline, which is owned by the U.S. Air Force and operated by AECOM, transports employees and contractors to airports within the Nevada National Security Site.[161]

Marnell Air Cargo Center

The Marnell Air Cargo Center covers 200,928 square feet (18,666.8 m2) and can handle 100,000 short tons (91,000 t) of cargo.[162] The $29 million facility opened in October 2010,[163] replacing a smaller facility that existed at the site of Terminal 3.[162] The center consists of two buildings, one of which is leased by FedEx and the other by multiple other companies, including UPS and Southwest Airlines.[164]

Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum

The main exhibits of the Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum on Level 2 of Terminal 1, above baggage claim. There are additional exhibits throughout the airport and at other airports in the city. Display items chronicle the early history of aviation in Southern Nevada.[6] The museum is named after former Nevada Senator Howard Cannon, who contributed to the development of aviation in the county.[165] Its administrator is Mark Hall-Patton, who has appeared on the reality television show Pawn Stars.[166]

Accidents and incidents

  • On September 8, 2015, British Airways Flight 2276 aborted takeoff from McCarran due to engine failure. While preparing to takeoff from runway 7L for London Gatwick Airport, the Boeing 777-200ER suffered failure of its left (#1) engine, and a fire erupted.[167] 14 passengers suffered injuries during the evacuation,[167] and the runway was closed for eight hours.[168] The aircraft suffered major damage, but it was repaired and returned to service in March 2016.[169]
  • In the wake of the Las Vegas shooting on the evening of October 1, 2017, approximately 300 people fleeing from the concert venue entered the airfield after breaking down the security fence surrounding McCarran while seeking shelter from the gunfire. Since they had entered an active airfield, airport officials suspended operations on 01L/19R and 01R/19L at 10:15 p.m. local time, and then shut down 08L/26R and 08R/26L one hour later. Airfield operations resumed at 12:40 a.m. on October 2, and the security fence was repaired by 1:10 a.m. During the suspension of operations, 25 flights were diverted to other airports in the region, primarily to Phoenix but also to Los Angeles, Ontario, Bullhead City, Salt Lake City, and Denver.[170] Two bullets struck and damaged, but did not ignite, a large fuel tank on the grounds of the airport.[171]

Access

Car

Road access to McCarran Airport is provided by Paradise Road to the north and by the McCarran Airport Connector to the south, which connects to the Las Vegas Beltway.

Terminal 1 and Terminal 3 have their own parking garages.[172][173] Each also has its own economy lot, which provides lower parking rates,[174][175] and a separate lot for oversize vehicles.[176][177] Complimentary shuttle transportation is provided between the terminals and the remote Terminal 1 economy and oversize vehicle lots. In March 2016, the airport opened a cellphone lot, which provides free parking to people waiting for passengers.[178]

A consolidated rental car facility opened in April 2007, located about 3 miles (4.8 km) from the airport. The facility, which sits on 68 acres (28 ha) of land, houses multiple rental car companies with 5,000 parking spaces on multiple levels. Courtesy shuttles transport passengers between the airport and the facility.[179]

For transportation between Terminal 1 and Terminal 3, McCarran Airport provides a free shuttle service, which leaves from Level 0 of both terminals.[180][181]

Bus

RTC Transit provides bus transportation to and from various parts of the Las Vegas Valley. Route 108, Route 109, the Westcliff Airport Express and the Centennial Express provide direct access to the airport. Buses depart from Level 0 of Terminal 1 and Level 2 of Terminal 3.[180]

Future plans

Elevated expressway

In January 2016,[182] the county announced plans to build a four-lane, largely elevated expressway to McCarran Airport, passing over Paradise Road, Koval Lane, and Tropicana Avenue.[183] The estimated $200 million project is expected to reduce travel time between the Strip and the Las Vegas Convention Center.[184] However, critics have called the plan a "20th-century solution to 21st-century traffic issues." They propose the construction of a light rail system, which the county disapproves of given its higher cost and longer completion time.[183]

Monorail

Previously, there had been plans to extend the monorail system which connects many of the major area hotels and the Las Vegas Convention Center to the airport. In December 2006, Clark County approved plans for the extension, although funding was not specified.[185] In its presentation to the Southern Nevada Tourism Infrastructure Committee in early 2016, Las Vegas Monorail expressed its continued interest in the extension.[182] However, the project is largely no longer under consideration due to its high cost.[186]

Ivanpah Valley Airport

In the late 1990s, the county decided to build a second airport for Las Vegas, to be located 30 miles (48 km) from the city in the Ivanpah Valley.[187][188] Passenger traffic at McCarran had been rising steadily, and the county predicted that the airport would reach its capacity of 55 million passengers per year by 2008.[189] The county began the process of acquiring federal land for the airport,[189] and it started funding an EIS.[190] However, the advent of an economic recession in 2007 and the resulting decline in passenger numbers called the Ivanpah Valley Airport project into question.[191] In June 2010, the project was indefinitely suspended.[192] However, the county continues to monitor the site of the planned airport,[192] and it will reconsider the project once McCarran Airport reaches its capacity.[136]

Notes

  1. ^ The runway appears in Jeppesen charts from 1955 and 1966,[63][64] but does not figure in the latest FAA diagrams.

References

  1. ^ a b "MCCARRAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2017 ENPLANED AND DEPLANED PASSENGERS" (PDF). McCarran International Airport. 
  2. ^ "MCCARRAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2017 FAA CONTROL TOWER OPERATIONS" (PDF). McCarran International Airport. 
  3. ^ Michael Alonzo. 2016 Cargo Summary Report (Lbs) (PDF) (Report). McCarran International Airport. p. 1. Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for LAS (Form 5010 PDF), effective February 1, 2018.
  5. ^ "Frontier adding Las Vegas flights, local crew base". 4 May 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "Howard W. Cannon Aviation Museum". Clark County, Nevada. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  7. ^ Wright 2005, p. 31.
  8. ^ a b Moehring & Green 2005, p. 73.
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External links


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