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Airport Mexico City (Mexico) - International

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Mexico City International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGrupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
OperatorAeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
ServesMexico City, Mexico
LocationVenustiano Carranza, Mexico City
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates19°2610N 099°0419W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°2610N 099°0419W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Websiteaicm.com.mx
Map
MEX
Location within Mexico City
MEX
MEX (Mexico)
MEX
MEX (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
13/31 2,300 7,546 Asphalt
5 Auxiliar 759 2,490 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers44,732,418 7.2%
Cargo tonnage537,262.69 11.13%
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics: Airport website,[3]

Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area.[4] The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.[6]

This hot and high airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers. As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris, and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers[3] pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on four continents. In 2017, the airport handled 44,732,418 passengers, a 7.2% increase compared to 2016.[7]

Operating near the limits of its capacity,[8] calls for replacing the airport were announced in September 2014, with the proposed location to be built 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec.[9][10] As of December 3, 2018, the airport is still under construction and work has not been cancelled on the new airport.[11]


Location

Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.[12][13]

History

Origins

The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America.[14][15] The flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane. On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International.[16][17] In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.[18]

In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720m long, 40m wide), 05R-23L (3,000m long, 45m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).[19]

1960s1990s

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).[20]

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport.[21][22][23] leaving the two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.[citation needed]

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.[20]

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.[24]

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.[25]

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services. In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.[26]

20032007 expansion

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled.[27] Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled. The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighborhood.

The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.[28]

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%. The terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[29]

Lack of capacity and slot restriction

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 22:59).[30] Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorised aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.

Failed attempt to replace the airport

The construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014,[31] who said that it would be emblemático, or a national symbol. The new airport will replace the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It is to have one large terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two that are each 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) long and four that are each 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft) long. The architects are Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.[32][33]

Construction will take eight years and depending on the source, is estimated to cost 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 913 billion U.S. dollars. It will be built on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport.[34][35]

The terminal is to be sustainable, aiming for a LEED Platinum certification.[36]

The project, however, was cancelled on October 30, 2018 after voters voted against a referendum related to the airport.[37]

Terminals and facilities

Terminals

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.,[38] Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares.[39] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[40][41] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.[42]

Airlines and destinations

The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international.[43] Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet.

Passenger

This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.

AirlinesDestinations
AeromarAcapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Lázaro Cárdenas, McAllen, Morelia, Oaxaca, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, San Luis Potosí, Tepic, Veracruz
AeroméxicoAmsterdam, Bogotá, Boston (ends January 7, 2019),[44] Buenos AiresEzeiza, Cancún, ChicagoO'Hare, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Detroit, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Havana, Hermosillo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, LondonHeathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mazatlán, MedellínJMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, MontréalTrudeau, New YorkJFK, Orlando, Panama City, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Portland (OR) (ends January 7, 2019),[44] Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, Santo DomingoLas Américas, São PauloGuarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, SeoulIncheon, ShanghaiPudong, Tijuana, TokyoNarita, TorontoPearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Vancouver, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Acapulco, Calgary (resumes May 31, 2019),[45] Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Denver, HoustonIntercontinental, San Jose (CA), Tapachula
Aeroméxico ConnectAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, HoustonIntercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, Saltillo, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Belize City, Liberia, Punta Cana
Air CanadaVancouver
Air Canada Rouge TorontoPearson
Seasonal: MontréalTrudeau
Air FranceParisCharles de Gaulle
AlitaliaRomeFiumicino
All Nippon AirwaysTokyoNarita
American AirlinesCharlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia (ends January 9, 2019),[46] PhoenixSky Harbor
AviancaBogotá
Avianca El SalvadorSan Salvador
Avianca PeruLima
British AirwaysLondonHeathrow
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou1
Copa AirlinesPanama City
Cubana de AviaciónHavana
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul (resumes June 8, 2019),[47] New YorkJFK, Salt Lake City
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital2
IberiaMadrid
InterjetAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, ChicagoO'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Havana, Hermosillo, HoustonIntercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Mérida, Miami, Monterrey, MontréalTrudeau, New YorkJFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Santa Clara, Tampico, Tijuana, TorontoPearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Vancouver, Varadero, Veracruz, Villahermosa
JetBlue Airways Boston,[48] Fort Lauderdale, New YorkJFK,[48] Orlando
KLMAmsterdam
LATAM BrasilSão Paulo-Guarulhos
LATAM ChileSantiago de Chile
LATAM PerúLima
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
MagnichartersCancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
Seasonal: Cozumel, Manzanillo
Southwest AirlinesHoustonHobby
United AirlinesChicagoO'Hare, HoustonIntercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, WashingtonDulles
VivaAerobusCancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, New YorkJFK, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
VolarisAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Cancún, Chetumal, ChicagoO'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Obregón (begins February 1, 2019),[49] Colima, Cozumel, Culiacán, Denver, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, New YorkJFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Puerto Vallarta, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí (begins February 2, 2019),[49] Tapachula, Tepic, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz (begins February 1, 2019),[49] Villahermosa
Seasonal: Oakland
Volaris Costa RicaGuatemala City, San José de Costa Rica
WingoBogotá
Notes

^1 China Southern's flights from Mexico City to Guangzhou stop over in Vancouver, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Vancouver.[50]

^2 Hainan's flights from Mexico City to Beijing make a stop in Tijuana, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Tijuana.

Other Services

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo

As of January 2018, Mexico City airport is served by 19 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East, Africa and East Asia. The following airlines operate the scheduled destinations below.

AirlinesDestinations
AeroUnionChicagoO'Hare, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Miami, Monterrey
Air France CargoAtlanta, Guadalajara, HoustonIntercontinental, ParisCharles de Gaulle, Porto
Amerijet InternationalMiami
Atlas AirHuntsville
Avianca CargoBogotá
CAL Cargo Air LinesLiège[51]
CargoLogicAirAtlanta,[52] Frankfurt,[52] London-Stansted[52]
CargoluxDallas/Fort Worth, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New YorkJFK
Cargolux ItaliaMilanMalpensa
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles[53]
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargoCopenhagen, DubaiAl Maktoum, Frankfurt, HoustonIntercontinental, Los Angeles, Quito, Zaragoza[54]
Estafeta Air CargoSan Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Los Angeles, Zaragoza
IAG CargoMadrid
LATAM Cargo MéxicoBogotá, CampinasViracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Los Angeles, Manaus, Mérida, Miami, San José de Costa Rica
Lufthansa CargoChicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New YorkJFK
Martinair Miami
Qatar Airways CargoAtlanta, Doha, HoustonIntercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles,[55] Luxembourg, Paris,[56] Zaragoza
Turkish Airlines CargoBogotá, Curaçao, HoustonIntercontinental, IstanbulAtatürk, Maastricht, Madrid
UPS AirlinesLouisville

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics

In 2017, Mexico City International Airport moved 44,732,418 passengers, making it the busiest airport in Latin America in terms of total passengers. It registered a year-to-year increase of 7.2%.[7]

In terms of international passengers, it was the second busiest airport in Latin America with 15,753,355 passengers,[3] behind Cancún[57] and the second busiest in Mexico after Cancún.

The airport is the busiest in Latin America by aircraft movements with 24% more operations than Bogotá-El Dorado[58] and 44.65% more than São Paulo-Guarulhos.[59] It is the 15th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft departures.[60] In 2016, the airport handled 448,147 aircraft operations, an average of 1,227 operations per day.[7]

Regarding cargo, the airport is also the busiest in the country and the second busiest in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport[58] in Bogotá. During 2017, it moved over 537,262.69 tons, an annual increase of 11.13%. The net growth of 53,000 tons was the biggest in the region.[7]

Mexico City Airport Passengers 19902017 (millions)
Updated: January 12, 2018.



Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic % change International % change Total % change
2017 99,303.94 8.15 437,958.75 11.83 537,262.69 11.13
2016 91,820.00 11.84 391,613.40 7.35 483,433.40 8.17
2015 82,100.42 21.92 364,814.69 10.14 446,915.11 12.13
2014 67,341.85 5.75 331,214.62 5.85 398,556.47 5.83
2013 63,678.54 19.05 312,911.31 1.71 376,589.85 5.15
2012 78,666.10 4.01 318,351.98 3.38 397,018.08 3.51
2011 81,953.37 3.41 329,502.22 6.90 411,455.59 4.68
2010 84,846.88 1.01 308,228.992 29.98 393,075.87 22.40
2009 83,999.43 13.47 237,134.01 15.01 321,133.44 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -
Busiest routes, 2017
Domestic[62]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers
2017
Passengers
2016
%
Change
Rank
Change
Airline(s)
1 Cancún, Quintana Roo 4,726,604 4,257,000 11.03 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,201,636 3,173,395 0.89 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Guadalajara, Jalisco 2,994,975 2,745,166 9.10 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Tijuana, Baja California 1,949,537 1,822,707 6.96 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
5 Mérida, Yucatán 1,500,472 1,413,536 6.15 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
6 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 928,638 919,457 1.00 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
7 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 873,581 796,551 9.67 1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
8 Villahermosa, Tabasco 791,416 804,267 1.60 1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
9 Chihuahua, Chihuahua 772,474 737,131 4.79 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
10 San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur 763,590 654,800 16.61 1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
11 Hermosillo, Sonora 714,227 673,551 6.04 1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
12 Huatulco, Oaxaca 609,593 529,361 15.16 3 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
13 Oaxaca, Oaxaca 596,635 534,311 11.66 1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
14 Culiacán, Sinaloa 565,237 528,343 6.98 2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
15 Veracruz, Veracruz 540,981 555,835 2.67 3 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
16 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 537,886 551,871 2.53 3 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus
17 Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 469,867 496,352 5.34 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus
18 Acapulco, Guerrero 452,985 495,661 8.61 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
19 León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 411,971 386,358 6.63 3 Aeroméxico, Interjet
20 Mazatlán, Sinaloa 401,822 400,513 0.33 1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
21 Tampico, Tamaulipas 393,606 396,312 0.68 1 Aeroméxico, Interjet
22 Mexicali, Baja California 390,041 391,676 0.42 1 Aeroméxico, Volaris
23 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 338,800 306,448 10.56 3 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
24 Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 336,034 317,302 5.90 Aeroméxico, Interjet
25 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 299,193 353,003 15.24 2 Aeroméxico, VivaAerobus
26 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí 288,625 264,702 9.04 3 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
27 La Paz, Baja California Sur 288,363 308,606 6.56 2 Aeroméxico, Volaris
28 Tapachula, Chiapas 287,067 303,173 5.31 1 Aeroméxico, Volaris
29 Chetumal, Quintana Roo 267,791 205,248 30.47 3 Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
30 Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 232,724 286,337 18.72 2 Aeroméxico, Interjet


International[62]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers
2017
Passengers
2016
%
Change
Rank
Change
Airline(s)
1 Los Angeles, USA 1,243,187 1,050,154 18.38 Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, United Airlines, Volaris
2 Houston, USA (airports George Bush & Hobby)[Notes 1] 1,012,793 962,618 5.21 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines
3 New York-JFK, USA 878,274 677,143 29.70 2 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, Volaris
4 Bogotá, Colombia 734,194 707,972 3.70 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Interjet, Wingo
5 Madrid, Spain 680,103 617,654 10.11 1 Aeroméxico, Iberia
6 Miami, USA 669,764 781,132 14.26 3 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet, Volaris
7 Chicago-OHare, USA 644,468 493,147 30.68 2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, United Airlines, Volaris
8 Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 607,338 591,800 2.63 1 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet
9 Lima, Peru 553,297 454,788 21.66 1 Aeroméxico, Avianca Peru, Interjet, LATAM Perú
10 Panama City-Tocumen, Panama 530,570 495,006 7.18 2 Aeroméxico, Copa Airlines
11 San Francisco, USA 494,195 378,419 30.59 5 Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, United Airlines, Volaris
12 Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 484,935 448,820 8.05 1 Aeroméxico, Air France
13 Atlanta, USA 450,045 440,340 2.20 1 Delta Air Lines
14 Guatemala City, Guatemala 397,282 346,042 14.81 3 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
15 Havana, Cuba 396,955 421,927 5.92 2 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
16 Orlando, USA (airports Sanford & International)[Notes 2] 390,496 400,432 2.48 2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
17 Las Vegas, USA 346,917 383,950 9.65 2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
18 Toronto-Pearson, Canada 336,847 226,598 48.65 6 Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
19 San José, Costa Rica 332,353 274,233 21.19 Aeroméxico, Avianca Costa Rica, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
20 São PauloGuarulhos, Brazil 311,633 305,588 1.98 2 Aeroméxico, LATAM Brasil
21 Amsterdam, Netherlands 307,348 256,113 20.00 1 Aeroméxico, KLM
22 Santiago, Chile 304,039 244,721 24.24 Aeroméxico, LATAM Chile
23 London-Heathrow, UK 277,568 251,758 10.25 2 Aeroméxico, British Airways
24 Vancouver, Canada 258,195 164,414 57.04 4 Aeroméxico, Air Canada, Interjet, Westjet
25 San Salvador, El Salvador 223,010 181,652 22.77 2 Aeroméxico, Avianca El Salvador
26 Frankfurt, Germany 222,928 221,684 0.56 1 Lufthansa
27 San Antonio, USA 217,226 240,273 9.59 4 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
28 Montréal-Trudeau, Canada 214,876 113,831 88.77 4 Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
29 Tokyo-Narita, Japan 200,358 99,325 101.72 5 Aeroméxico, All Nippon Airways
30 Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina 194,807 189,908 2.58 4 Aeroméxico

Inter-terminal transportation

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.

Ground transportation

Metro and bus services

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [2][permanent dead link], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.

Metrobús

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.
Authorised taxis

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorised by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.

Accidents and incidents

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Official statistics include George Bush and Hobby Airports.
  2. ^ Official statistics include Sanford & International Airports.

References

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External links


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