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Airport Nuremberg (German) - Flughafen Nürnberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuremberg Airport
Flughafen Nürnberg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Nürnberg GmbH
Serves Nuremberg, Germany
Elevation AMSL 1,046 ft / 319 m
Coordinates 49°2955N 011°0441E / 49.49861°N 11.07806°E / 49.49861; 11.07806 (Nuremberg Airport)Coordinates: 49°2955N 011°0441E / 49.49861°N 11.07806°E / 49.49861; 11.07806 (Nuremberg Airport)
Website airport-nuernberg.de
Map
NUE
Location of airport in Bavaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,700 8,858 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 3.5 million[1]
Aircraft movements 59,602[2]
Cargo 115,000 tonnes

Nuremberg Airport (IATA: NUEICAO: EDDN), German: Albrecht Dürer Flughafen Nürnberg, is the international airport of the Franconian metropolitan area of Nuremberg and the second-busiest airport in Bavaria after Munich Airport. With about 3.3 million passengers handled in 2013, it is Germany's 10th biggest airport. It is located approximately 5 km north of Nuremberg's city centre and offers flights within Germany as well as to European metropolitan and leisure destinations, especially along the Mediterranean Sea, on the Canary Islands and in Egypt.[4] The airport handled 3.5 million passengers in 2016.

History

Early years

Nuremberg Airport was the first airport constructed in Germany after World War II. It was inaugurated on 6 April 1955.

In 1960, the number of passengers at Nuremberg Airport reached 100,000 for the first time. In 1961 the runway was extended from 1,900 to 2,300 metres (7,500 ft), and in 1968 the runway was extended to its present length of 2,700 metres (8,900 ft), allowing jumbo jets to use it. On 12 July 1970, a Boeing 747 landed at the airport for the first time and attracted 20,000 visitors.

The apron was enlarged in 1977 and in 1981 a new passenger terminal with an observation deck and a restaurant replaced the previous building. In December 1986, the one million passenger mark was passed for the first time.

Development from the 1990s

In 1997/98, Air Berlin established a winter hub at the airport, making it the airline's second most important tourist interchange airport, after Palma de Mallorca.

The new control tower commenced operations in 1999 and the metro station was opened. In 2002, departure hall 2 was extended and a year later the cargo centre CCN2 with 6,500 m2 (70,000 sq ft) of storage space and 4,600 m2 (50,000 sq ft) of office space was inaugurated after one and a half years' construction.[citation needed]

In 2005 Nuremberg Airport celebrated its 50th anniversary with 45,000 visitors. The new transfer control terminal with a floor space of 8,500 m2 (91,000 sq ft) and a new main gate (Tor 1) were completed a year later in 2006. In addition, a fully automatic luggage sorting system was put into operation.[citation needed]

Nuremberg Airport has been voted "Best German Airport" by readers of the Business Traveller magazine consecutively since 2008.[5][6]

In April 2013 Air Berlin permanently shut down its winter seasonal hub in Nuremberg which had been maintained for several years.[7]

In December 2014 the airport was named after Albrecht Dürer, who was born in Nuremberg.[8]

In October 2016, Ryanair announced to open a base at Nuremberg Airport consisting of two aircraft while four additional routes will be inaugurated.[9] In the same month, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10] Shortly after, Germania announced to open a new base at Nuremberg Airport consisting of one aircraft which will serve several new leisure routes.[11]

Facilities

Runway

The runway 10/28 is 2,700 by 45 m (8,858 by 148 ft).[3] Takeoff and landing of all current aircraft, including widebody aircraft (e.g. Boeing 747) or cargo planes (e.g. Antonov An-124 Ruslan) are possible. However, Nuremberg Airport is not licensed for the Airbus A380.

Starting in July 2009, the runway was refurbished gradually in several phases. The surfaces of the runway and taxiways were renovated using the latest technology. A new flare-path, drainage channels and a new electric ring surrounding the entire runway were added. In 2010, the runway was shortened to 2,300 m (7,500 ft) temporarily to allow construction to continue. In 2011, work on the centerpiece of the runway began. The work was completed in 2015.

The apron is 246,845 m2 (2,657,020 sq ft) in space and provides parking positions for 37 planes.

Terminal

The passenger terminal consists of two departure halls and one arrival hall which are all linked landside and airside. The check-in area features 40 desks.[12]

The extension of departure hall 2 was inaugurated on 30 April 1992 and was originally dimensioned for 2.8 million passengers per year. Now there is room for 5 million passengers per year. Daylight dominates the transparent construction made of steel and glass drafted by Nuremberg architects Grabow and Hoffmann. The construction phase took three years and cost about 100 million Deutsche Mark. The extension of the apron was included in the building costs as well as three modern air bridges. Today, there are five finger docks available.

On 25 January 2007 the newest addition, the Transfer-Control-Terminal (TCT) was opened. It not only serves as a capacity extension but it also allows for new legislation concerning security measures: since EU Regulation 2320/2002 airports have to make sure that non-EU passengers are controlled before continuing their trip to countries of the European Union and don't get mixed up with passengers who have already been checked.

Cargo center

In 1987, Cargo Center Nuremberg (CCN) was put into operation.[13] When the Cold War ended and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Nuremberg won back its central location in Europe. As a consequence Nuremberg Airport and air freight quickly gained in importance in the 1990s.

Nuremberg is also the economic and service metropolis of Northern Bavaria with approximately 150,000 companies and enterprises taking advantage of the locality of Nuremberg as a traffic junction of highways and railroads. The region's export share of 42% is remarkably high and above German average. In addition, several headquarters of internationally operating companies are located in the region, for example Siemens, Adidas, Bosch, Puma and Faber-Castell.

Due to the positive trend, Cargo Center II (CCN II) was built in 2003.[14] Today, almost 13,317 m2 (143,340 sq ft) storage space and 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) of office space is available at Nuremberg Airport. 107,123 tons of cargo were handled in 2010.

Control tower

Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS), which is in charge of air traffic control in Germany, moved into the 48-metre-high (157 ft) tower in November 1998. The control tower at Nuremberg Airport was designed by architect Günther Behnisch and has become the architectural landmark of the airport with its dynamic silhouette. It was built because the original control tower was only 18 meters high. The project cost approximately 30 million Deutsche Mark.

Parking

There are about 8,000 car parking spaces at Nuremberg Airport. Apart from three car parks, there are various parking lots in close vicinity to the terminals. The newest facility is car park P3 with seven levels and 2,200 parking spaces. There are different tariffs to choose from, for example "BusinessParken" (business parking) or "UrlauberParken" (holiday parking).[15] Nuremberg Airport also offers valet parking with additional services, like refueling, car wash, maintenance or safekeeping of valuables. All parking facilities are no more 5 minutes' walking distance from the terminals. There are short-term parking spots directly on the airport forecourt in front of the terminals.

Air rescue

Nuremberg Airport is also a center for Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht e.V (DRF) and HDM Flugservice air rescue services which operate a rescue helicopter and an intensive care helicopter, respectively. Furthermore, several ADAC air ambulances and Flight Ambulance International (FAI)[16] are based in Nuremberg.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Nuremberg Airport:[17]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Thessaloniki
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf
Air France
operated by HOP!
Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Astra Airlines Seasonal charter: Thessaloniki
BMI Regional Birmingham
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick (begins 30 November 2017)[18]
Brussels Airlines
operated by BMI Regional
Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Palma de Mallorca,[19] Vienna
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Palma de Mallorca
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Berlin-Tegel (ends 31 March 2018)
Germania Seasonal: Adana, Athens, Burgas (begins 19 June 2018), Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Rhodes, Samos, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 2 November 2017),[20] Sharm El Sheikh (begins 6 November 2017),[21] Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki (begins 1 May 2018),[22] Varna (begins 4 July 2018)
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich
Niki Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kos, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Thessaloniki
Onur Air Seasonal: Adana
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Seasonal: Sylt
Ryanair Bari, Bergamo, Budapest, Krakow (begins 30 October 2017),[23] London-Stansted, Madrid, Malta, Manchester, Palermo, Porto, Rome-Ciampino, Verona, Vilnius (begins 31 October 2017)[24]
Seasonal: Alicante, Málaga
SunExpress Antalya
Seasonal: Izmir
SunExpress Deutschland Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Burgas, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Rhodes (begins 19 September 2017),[25] Varna
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Austrian Airlines
Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Kyiv-Zhuliany,[26] Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia
Seasonal: Belgrade, Tuzla

Statistics

2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
Aircraft movements 59,602 60,160 n.a. 62,644 64,391 67,720 70,778 71,217 76,768 81,082 78,043 76,111 71,818 73,233 77,854
Passengers 3,469,130 3,384,925 3,262,000 3,314,524 3,602,459 3,967,301 4,073,819 3,969,857 4,274,222 4,244,115 3,965,357 3,847,646 3,653,569 3,296,267 3,213,444
Scheduled Passengers n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 2,101,341 n.a. 2,154,170 2,054,635 2,266,716 n.a. 1,923,381 1,606,065 1,395,920 1,304,371 n.a.
Charter Passengers n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 1,468,376 n.a. 1,844,593 1,850,654 1,942,701 n.a. 1,960,005 2,163,271 2,160,934 1,916,526 n.a.
Air freight and mail (in t) n.a. n.a. 90,973 99,355 107,132 107,100 80,159 104,607 107,982 98,264 80,665 71,578 69,435 69,875
Employees n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 3,472 n.a. 4,117 4,083 4,083 n.a. 4,200 4,070 3,958 3,791 3,769

Ground transportation

Metro

The U-Bahn (Metro) line U2 serves the airport at the Flughafen station. Trains connect the airport with the centre of the city every 10 to 15 minutes. The ride to the Hauptbahnhof (Central Railway Station) and the nearby Altstadt (historic old town) only takes 12 minutes.

Car

Nuremberg Airport is located 5 km (3.1 mi) north[3] of the city centre. It is accessible via nearby Motorway A 3, which connects to Motorway A 9 as well as Motorways A 73 and A 6.

Bus

Bus number 32 connects the airport with bus and tram stop Thon. Since December 2015 new line 33 was installed, allowing passengers from Nurembergs west-neighbouring city Fürth getting to the airport quicker without taking a detour via Nuremberg Central Station. Since the extension of Tram Line 4 from Thon to am Wegfeld, Bus line 30 which formerly terminated in Thon has been rerouted to the airport, thus offering a direct connection to downtown Erlangen from the airport for the first time.

Because of the airport's close-in location and its direct connections to local streets, it is also possible to walk or ride a bicycle from nearby neighborhoods right up to the terminal.

Environment

In addition to developing strategies to reduce noise pollution the department also implements regular measurements of air pollutants and soil analyses. In 2003, a biomonitoring campaign with honey bees was launched at the airport.[27]

The water collected on the 70 ha of sealed or covered areas is being filtered and analyzed before it gets fed into receiving water courses, to prevent pollution due to oils or fuels. If the analyzed TOC value is above the threshold level, the water is discharged into the sewerage. Over the years, surface and aircraft de-icing fluids have been replaced by substances with higher biodegradability.[citation needed]

Expansion plans

Airport Business Center

In 2009, it was decided that a new hotel with conference rooms and offices will be built at the airport roundabout. ConTech GmbH and the architect's office Christ, both from Nuremberg, will realize the project with investor ZBI.[28] In 2011 the plans were put on hold until the motorway connection is completed.

Motorway access

Direct access to motorway A3 has been planned for several years. A direct route to the airport with a tunnel under the runway to reduce traffic through city district Ziegelstein is favored and spatial planning has already been completed. However, further planning has been delayed as environmental organization Bund Naturschutz and alliance Nein zur Flughafen-Nordanbindung! are vehemently against the plans.

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

Citations
  1. ^ http://www.br.de/nachrichten/mittelfranken/flughafen-nuernberg-rueckgang-100.html
  2. ^ http://adv.aero/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/12.2016-ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf
  3. ^ a b c EAD Basic
  4. ^ http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/259223/Flugplan_NUE_Sommer_2013.pdf airport-nuremberg.de Summer 2013 schedule
  5. ^ Press release no. 02/08 from 17 January 2008 Airport Nürnberg Voted Best German Airport'
  6. ^ Press release no. 01/09 from 16 January 2009 Airport Nürnberg: 'Best German Airport' More Passengers
  7. ^ http://airliners.de/air-berlin-streicht-touristik-drehkreuz-in-nuernberg/29329
  8. ^ http://www.br.de/nachrichten/mittelfranken/inhalt/albrecht-duerer-flughafen-nuernberg-name-100.html
  9. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-25138/Ryanair-bringt-sich-als-Air-Berlin-Alternative-ins-Gespraech.html
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ http://www.airliners.de/germania-basis-airport-nuernberg/39918
  12. ^ http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/airport-maps-53a726914708176d
  13. ^ [1] Nuremberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Retrieved 2017-08-30
  14. ^ [2] Nuremberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Retrieved 2017-08-30
  15. ^ http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/english/passengers/parking
  16. ^ http://www.fai.ag/ambulance/fai_ambulance.html
  17. ^ http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/flight-schedule
  18. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273766/british-airways-adds-nuremberg-limited-time-service-in-w17/
  19. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-25071/Eurowings-benennt-erste-Palma-Ziele.html
  20. ^ "Germania adds Nuremberg Tel Aviv flights from Nov 2017". Airlineroute/Routesonline. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "Book cheap flights". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  22. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274459/germania-schedules-new-routes-in-s18/
  23. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271685/ryanair-w17-new-routes-as-of-05mar17/
  24. ^ Liu, Jim (5 March 2017). "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272006/sunexpress-germany-s17-new-routes-as-of-23mar17/
  26. ^ Liu, Jim (19 December 2016). "WizzAir expands Kiev Zhulyany service from Aug 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  27. ^ "Monitoring of airborne pollutants". www.airport-nuernberg.de. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  28. ^ Press release from 28 May 2009 http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/english/company/press/press2009/art3017,11192
  29. ^ "Flughafen Nürnberg nach Unfall wieder in Betrieb". Süddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  30. ^ http://www.focus.de/panorama/welt/wetter-flughafen-nuernberg-nach-unfall-wieder-in-betrieb_aid_469138.html
Bibliography
  • Bernd Windsheimer: 50 Jahre Airport Nürnberg 19552005. Geschichte der Luftfahrt in Nürnberg, Nürnberg 2005

External links

Media related to Nuremberg Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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